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The Spaniel Buzz!Sign up to our quarterly e-zine for new articles, top tips, competitions and lots more. While learning the fetch game, it is important that tasty treats be used in place of too much praise, as previously mentioned.
Try to get at least three fetching games (ten minutes each) into each day for three days in a row. During your retrieving games, when your puppy has returned the play toy to you, place your left hand on his rear end and your right underneath his chin.
As soon as you have placed the puppy in that sitting position, pour on the enthusiastic praise, then toss the play toy out again.
After you begin what with the puppy believes to be a routine daily outing (we know it to be an important part of his socialization training), take a tidbit out of your pocket, kneel down to his level and say his name, followed by the command come. It is recommended that the area you use for your puppy’s preschool training in fetch and sit be as distraction-free as possible.
If you persist after he becomes bored, then future games with you will be considered a real drag and, of course, non-productive. To begin, select a toy that your puppy has shown a particular liking for, then seat yourself upon the floor.
Because all of your puppy’s formal obedience training will be accomplished with the assistance of a leash and a training collar, his pre-school training should include familiarization with similar paraphernalia. By the end of his first day of wearing the collar, he will have adjusted to the device and it will no longer attract his attention. When your puppy is accustomed to wearing the collar and has had the pleasure of romping around the house with the leash attached, carry him outdoors, a few hundred feet or so away from the house.
Notice that at no time since the introduction of the collar and leash has anything been said about dragging the puppy. After three or four excursions in which the puppy is taken away from the house with the leash affixed and the puppy allowed to walk at his discretion (with you holding the end of the leash) he should be ready to walk away from the house. These daily outings on the leash must be considered as part of your puppy’s preschool training. You recently read several articles on the best ways to teach your puppy to be polite and learn his manners around the house and in front of people, mentioning the use of a tether.
A tether is a simple, 4-foot length of nylon-coated cable, with sturdy swivel snap hooks on both ends. You can make your own training tether, or ask your local hardware store if they will attach the snap hooks to the ends of a 4-foot cable for you with the necessary ferrules (ferrules are the metal hardware used to hold the cable) and cramping tool.
Wrap one end of the tether around the leg of a heavy piece of furniture and hook it onto itself. This is an easy and convenient application of the tether for dogs that don’t tend to chew a lot. Screw one or more eye bolts into sturdy wooden studs, beams or other locations in your home that are strong enough to hold your pup if it pulls on the tether with its full weight. You may, on the other hand, prefer to teach Sparky to lie on a dog bed on the other side of the room during meals.
Occasionally, when your pup is relaxed and quiet, calmly praise him, and walk over to feed him a treat. After a few repetitions, start saying give first, then offer the treat in trade for the toy.
At some point you decide that Sparky is too big to jump up anymore, but he does not know that.
You try to stop giving Sparky attention for jumping up, but every once in a while, when the mood is right, you slip and pet him when he puts his paws in your lap. A randomly reinforced behavior becomes extremely durable it’s hard to make it go away because Sparky learns that if he just keeps trying, eventually the behavior will pay off, like a slot machine that gives up its fortune if you keep pulling the handle long enough.
First, teach Sparky from the first day he sets a paw in your home that sitting politely in front of you earns attention. When Sparky has learned that sitting is a rewardable behavior, and if you’re walking him in public and someone approaches, gently but insistently inform them that your pup must sit before they can pet him. How can anyone not love puppies, with their milk-breath innocence, soft, baby-sweet expressions and clumsy explorations of a world completely new to them?
Rare is the puppy adopter who enters into the relationship with anything less than good intentions for a lifelong commitment to the new four-legged family member. When your pup grows up and is still jumping on visitors, playing keep-away with your $125 dollar running shoes, and darting out the door and up the street when you’re frantically trying to get to work on time, the love starts to sour!
It’s infinitely easier to raise a polite puppy if you use management tools such as crates, baby gates, tethers, doors and leashes. The biggest benefit of training a pup is that it’s infinitely easier to prevent undesirable behaviors than to fix them. This is important since there will always be nails to cut and teeth to clean, as well as rules to follow. Playing hide and seek with your puppy can be loads of fun while at the same time introduces the puppy to the come command. You should attempt to move farther away and making finding you more difficult as your pup’s skill increases.
When he goes to hunt down the toy you were showing him be sure to give positive reinforcement and lots praise. All pups start out doing everything possible to seemingly want to annoy you, get in trouble, or worse hurt themselves.
When you play with your pup, redirect his biting behavior to his toys, especially soft plush toys that have a satisfying give in his mouth and have rubber toys that you can stuff with treats to engage his interest and his teeth.
Even if your puppy is as young as 8 weeks old, he can still learn that biting is not acceptable. If your male puppy is 5 months or older and seems to be suddenly mounting a lot, it’s time for him to be neutered. If your puppy is younger than this or is a female and is mounting another dog that he or she is playing with, just ignore the behavior.
If humans are the subject of your puppy’s mounting behavior, you need to step in and spend more time obedience training your dog. Once your puppy understands that humans are above him in the pecking order he will stop challenging you by mounting.
The best way to teach your puppy not to chase things he shouldn’t is to teach him the leave it cue. When your puppy just sits and looks at the treat but doesn’t move toward it, turn him around to face you and praise him. Once your puppy is reliably leaving the treat when you tell him to, increase his temptation by using something even yummier, like a piece of chicken or one of his favorite toys. When your puppy learns the leave it cue, you can use it to stop him from chasing cats or cars or anything else. Contrary to some beliefs, potty training a puppy should start with the breeder very early in life. This means there are a designated potty area, a place to eat and play, and a place to sleep. The pups decide to take a nap and many of them, on their own, gather into the sleeping area. Use a whelping box with a lip for the first 2½ weeks, so ONLY the dam can get out, but the pups are contained. When they are 3 to 4 weeks, they will come out of their bed and pee right away, sometimes they only get their front feet out. Ideally at 6 to 7 weeks old, you will have an 8 x 10' area for small breeds or a larger area for large breeds with a bed in one corner, and food and potty at opposite sides of the pen. After about 8, 9, 10 weeks of age, or when the puppy arrives at it's new home, the dog should be taught to go potty outside.
After you bring home your new puppy the first thing you need to teach the pup is to walk to the door. Do not use treats when potty training as it takes the dog's focus off of the business at hand and puts it on the food. Sleep area should NEVER have feces in it, you have to start changing that bedding every hour if needed. Mom continues to eat the elimination matter and my pups are four weeks old, is this normal?
At six weeks, the puppies do very well eliminating where they are supposed to MOST of the time. Although this section is based on a whelping of an English Mastiff, it also contains good general whelping information on large-breed dogs.

The Material contained herein may not be reproduced without the prior written approval of the author. Police Dog Training Center is situated in Kerala Police Academy, in Thrissur City of Kerala State in India. If you've chosen a particular part of the garden for him to use as his toilet, quickly take him to that spot. If you follow the advice given in our article on potty training a puppy your dog should be fully house-trained in the blink of an eye! The importance of praise hasn’t been firmly written on the chalkboard of his mind so until it is, give your pup what is known to be a positive reward stimulus – food! These fetching drills should be in addition to a five or ten minute walk on the leash daily.
Press lightly with your left hand while exerting a small amount of upward pressure with your right as you command sit.
When the puppy returns with the toy, withhold any praise until you have commanded sit and have placed him in the sitting position. Use the leash to bring the puppy back to you, say sit and place the puppy in the sitting position.
You have a 10 minute walk on leash still scheduled for each of the days four through seven.
By making it the first command, it therefore becomes the first positive word which we will write on the puppy’s chalkboard mind. Although we will approach this preschool training seriously, your puppy should view it as game time.
By having as few distractions as possible, we can help keep the puppy’s mind upon the game. This puts you down closer to the puppy’s level and, among other things, will help to convey the game atmosphere. Toss the toy up and down for a few seconds, just enough to attract the pup’s attention.
If the puppy goes to the object and shows any interest in it at all, that’s grounds for praise and further encouragement.
Then, remove the leash and end the game with a tidbit a cookie or other food reinforcement. You can then attach a light leash to the collar and allow him to drag the leash periodically during the day indoors and under your supervision.
Let him explore for ten or fifteen minutes while you follow him holding the other end of the leash. Although the puppy was allowed to drag the leash for a day or two, it must be pointed out and emphasized that he should not be dragged by the leash. Human contact and socialization in the outside world is a very important part of this training and a key to the puppy’s future mental and emotional development. Most of the cables commercially available are intended for tying a dog outside and are a minimum of 10 feet too long for most training purposes. Thread one end through one channel of the appropriate-size ferrule, then through the ring of a small but sturdy metal snap hook.
It’s not appropriate for most young puppies or other dogs who are inclined to gnaw furniture legs.
This method involves a little more preparation, but is a better application for puppies and dogs that might chew.
For example, I consider it polite in my household if my four dogs lie quietly at our feet while we eat. In short order you can fade out the treats and Sparky will be content to share meals with you at a respectable distance. You can make life easier for you and your pup if you do a good job of management basically, keep non-chew objects out of your pup’s reach.
Plus, it’s a great way to teach him a delightful game of canine keep-away (from his puppy perspective). With practice, he’ll learn to drop the toy on the give cue, and you can treat randomly but sometimes, not always, eventually stopping the treats altogether with just using praise.
Family members, passersby on the street who want to gush over your pup when you’re walking him on the leash, visitors to your home the entire world is a potential slot machine for your pup.
Jumping up makes you turn your back, walk away, or even step over or through a baby gate (a great management tool!) if necessary, leaving your puppy behind. Your leash is your management tool restrain Sparky so he can’t charge forward and jump up. Why, then, do so many adolescent dogs end up in animals shelters, abandoned by families no longer enamored of their furry teenagers? Also of great importance is to get the puppy used to being touched all over and yet be relaxed the entire time. Just hold it while the pup observes for a minute and then toss it into the pile of stuff you made on the floor. Eventually you will be able to have your puppy sniff one object for a few seconds and literally dig it out of anywhere you hide it. But no matter how cute he is and how harmless it seems, you must put a stop to nipping the moment it begins.
This will pay off when your dog grows up he’ll be less likely to bite anyone, especially if you have a big dog. If your puppy bites you during play, say ouch in a low voice, and remove your body part from his mouth. If he follows you, step through a door and close him on the other side, but just briefly – don’t leave him alone long enough for him to get in trouble! This is normal puppy behavior but not something that is appreciated by humans for a number of reasons.
By mounting, your dog is sending a message that he thinks he is the dominant one in the household. If your puppy bites or growls if you try to stop him from mounting you or another person, see a professional dog trainer for help. It teaches the dog that there is a designated spot to potty making it easier for the new owner to potty train their new puppy. It is very important at 3 to 3.5 weeks old, when the pups become mobile and start to potty on their own, to set their room up PROPERLY. If you look to the left, on the paper, you can see that many have gone over there to pee before going for a nap.
The place where you sleep and the place where you play are not the same place you poop and pee. If they are soft or mushy (pudding-like) ask the vet for enough wormer to worm all the puppies and mom. The problem with the pee pads is they are plastic on the bottom, so when you cover up the one below, you are adding a nice smelling fresh pad…YOU DON'T WANT THIS.
For the bigger dogs, you need to get a t-shirt, fairly large, and then you buy a bed sheet clamping holder (sheet straps). I put up a barricade by taking two pieces of thick plywood and making a CORNER to put in front of the potty entrance. Ideally you catch them before they start, and then it takes about three or four days of being extremely consistent and changing the bedding as soon as one has a boo-boo.
She should but they have teeth, so you need to give them a big meal at bedtime, and a good late play. I recommend using a specially formulated pet urine deodouriser which can be bought quite cheaply from any good pet store. If the puppy should squirm from your grasp, and you fail to get him properly seated, do not throw the play toy, do not praise, and above all, do not give up!
All things will be as they’ve been on preceding days, except take four small tidbits with you.
By giving the tidbit with the praise, your puppy will begin to learn that praise is synonymous with the reward. In other words, at this age his mind is like a chalkboard and not too much has been written on it yet. If he picks up the toy and brings it back to you, really pour on the praise and toss it out again.
By exposing the puppy to a leash and collar in this systematic way, no traumatic experiences will be allowed to develop. When the time is up, pick him up in your arms, take him back to the house and remove the leash.
By the end of the first week of his association with his new equipment, he will then begin to make the association of the new leash with control. He’ll see big trees, hear noises from power motors and passing automobiles, and be admired by an occasional passerby.

Fold the cable back on itself, run it through the other channel of the ferrule, and crimp the ferrule on both pieces of cable to hold the end in place. Be sure the furniture is heavy enough to prevent your pup from dragging it around, and make a comfortable place for the dog to sit or lie down with a chewie or toy to occupy it. Again, be sure to provide a comfortable bed, along with chews or doggie toys to keep your pup happy. If they don’t beg, bark, whine or otherwise nudge us for treats, they get an occasional treat from our dinner. Help your puppy acclimatize to being on the tether outside of mealtime so you won’t have to constantly interrupt your meals to train. Eventually, the polite dinner habit will be so well-ingrained, you won’t even need the tether. Show your family how to respond in the same way so your pup learns the only way to get anyone to pay attention to him is by sitting. Tell the person if Sparky jumps up, they need to step back until he sits again, then allow them to pet your dog. Sparky’s goal is to figure out how the world works what he needs to do to make the most amount of good stuff happen as often as possible. It takes time, consistency all family members have to agree to follow the rules and a willingness to insist that the rest of the world follow the rules as well. If the puppy doesnt want to go over the jump with you then encourage your puppy over the jump with a treat. And even the smaller breeds can give a good bite if the nipping behavior is not taken care of. The notion that your dog is dominant over you or anyone else who comes to visit is something you want to nip in the bud. This is useful in many different situations, including when your puppy is starting to chase the neighbor’s cat or is running after a small child. The potty area should be the farthest away, as when you enter the room, they all jump at you, and want up, and you do not want them jumping in their poop. As a result, the owners of these pups will have an easier time housetraining their new puppy. This often causes a dog to not completely finish eliminating because the dog is looking and waiting for food.
Also, if they walk in the poop, and then walk on their bedding, they have put feces smell on the blankets, so I also cover the poop with a small piece of paper so the others do not walk in it. For large breeds I use the shavings, because if a puppy gets feces on his feet, and tracks that smell into the bed or play area, another puppy will smell it, and eliminate there.
You want the potty area to smell like a potty, yuck for a few days, and you want bedding area to smell clean. They are about six inches long, and they sell them in the store, to put on the corner of flat sheets in order to turn them into fitted sheets. Make sure they are tucked away in your pocket out of sight and scent as you take the puppy outdoors. Words which you will use when it becomes necessary to scold your puppy are not considered commands but are merely words, the tone of which leave no doubt in the puppy’s mind that you are doing some disciplining.
In this predicament, he could easily panic; or, even if he remained calm, he could chew the collar in two. To abruptly affix a slip-chain training collar and leather leash to an eight-week-old puppy cannot possibly accomplish anything, except to create a very negative experience.
Chances are he will have walked you back in that direction anyway, since a puppy’s instinct directs him back to the nest. The benefits produced by proper socialization at this time can never be duplicated later in life. Be sure to start with the jump on the ground, then increase the height as the dog’s skill level develops.
If you follow this approach then you can rest assured that your pup will stop nipping in no time at all. Then you raise the bar, and start applying your ouch to softer bites, until he learns to keep his mouth off of skin completely.
Newspaper does work, but the ink can transfer onto the dogs and for white pups this is not good. Otherwise, they will run through it, and it becomes a real mess as they track it everywhere.
The dog will often come back inside the home and go to the bathroom again after just being out. A WEEK of constant supervision and you have them trained, and if you do not, you have weeks of overload work ahead of you. Just a guess of what is happening is this: pups eliminate on a pee pad and step in it, and then track the smell to play area and bed. It acts as a paper weight, so they cannot drag the paper and when they are playing, they run, and hit the wall, and don't play on the paper.
Another option would be to try a biological household cleaner and white vinegar to eliminate any residual odour. The negative command no will come to mean something to the puppy, no matter what tone of voice you use.
Remember, your puppy is now nine weeks old, and praise just hasn’t had time to become that big of a thing.
Meanwhile, use a crate or baby gate to confine your pup so you can have relaxed, puppy-free meals.
Then, when he grabs something inappropriate, just slip into training mode and ask him to give. You leave a roast beef sandwich on the coffee table for a moment while you answer the phone. If the stool is not solid and it smells horrible, you want to check for stool Coccidia (coccidiosis).
Sparky learns he can find good stuff on tables, and you then have a counter-surfer in the making. I find, with the un-inked paper, you can cover the paper with another piece of paper, and cover the poop and pee, leaving the scent of pee, without them tracking it back to their bed.
An all-around mild mannered, wonderful Mastiff, Sassy, however, is not the best mother toward her puppies.
When this is done right, by the time the buyer purchases the pup, he will already be ready to not pee in his crate or bed, as they do not pee or poop where they eat or where they sleep. Puppies raised using this method are easier to housebreak and have fewer accidents in the house, as you are distilling the concept of housebreaking to them at a very young age. She is not rejecting them; she will nurse them when a human places them on her to feed, however she will not clean the pups or pay any attention to them.
So believe it or not, what goes on from the time of birth to the time you buy the pup plays a big role on the young life and what a buyer will be faced with. They learn from the start there is a place to sleep, a place to play, a place to eat and a place to eliminate and they will carry this concept with them after they leave the breeder. If you can get a pee pad with just pee, and pick up the poop but leave skid marks, it may work.
The play area stays during the day and you slowly make it bigger, but you can take it away at night to teach them night is for sleeping. Puppies who are raised in cages where the areas are not separated do not understand this concept. I just find that leaving the bed smelling fresh and the potty area clean but smelling of pee helps for the first four days, just till they get it; they do not pee in their bed, and if they step on the pee pad and it is saturated, and their feet get covered in pee, they track it too their bed. This litter is getting moma€™s milk with major human interaction, manually giving each and every pup what they need.
This in return not only helps the breeder keep the whelping area clean, it makes the puppy easier to housebreak once they go to their new homes. Wake them up every couple hours and put them out on the paper: don't let them back into the bed area until they pee ON the paper.
In return, the pups will be super socialized and will make remarkable pets, however the work involved is astounding.
Then, after you take them home, you suddenly expect them to understand they cannot pee and poo in the house. The pages within include a wealth of information that everyone can appreciate and benefit from.

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