All personnel training on a rifle range should be briefed on the safety and local requirements for that range. The first priority on any range is training, but safety must be at the forefront of the training program. Inspect for objects located near the muzzle of the weapon before firing, especially during unassisted night fire.
When not on the firing line the weapon selector lever is on safe and the bolt locked to the rear. Always keep the muzzle of the weapon pointed downrange when on the firing line, finger outside of the trigger housing area. Left-handed firers will fire their weapon with a left-handed brass deflector attached to the weapon, if necessary. Once cleared off the firing line, firers report to the ammunition point and turn in all brass and ammunition. In case of an electrical storm, personnel will be directed to lock and clear all weapons, ground their equipment (except wet weather gear), and disperse into a predetermined area. Eating and drinking are not permitted on the firing line unless the tower operator permits drinking from the canteen. To provide both a safe and efficient range operation and effective instruction, the following is an example of personnel and duties that may be required. To provide a safe and operational range, the following are recommended procedures for handling ammunition. Risk management and assessment of training and operations will be performed in accordance with requirements of AR 385-10, TRADOC Reg 385-2, FM 25-100, FM 25-101, FM 100-14, and this manual.
Review the risk management worksheet for operations and training determined to have high or extremely high residual risk. Develop, in writing, and implement a comprehensive risk management program that meets the requirements of this manual. Train all leaders in risk management concepts, the requirements of this manual, and the organizational risk management program. Ensure a formal, documented risk management worksheet is completed for each training activity and each operation using the procedures and form described in this manual. Ensure worksheets are reviewed by, and the risk accepted in writing by, the leader at the appropriate level as designated in this manual. Maintain copies of all worksheets in the appropriate organizational files, and at the training or operation site. Develop a comprehensive daily risk assessment checklist, which addresses those factors that may change from day to day or iteration to iteration, and identifies new hazards not addressed in the risk management worksheet. Ensure a daily risk assessment checklist is completed before beginning the training or operation. Require the leader conducting the operation or training to consult with and receive approval from the individual who accepted the risk on the risk management worksheet when the daily risk assessment checklist indicates the overall rating for the operation or training is high or extremely high, when any factor is rated as extreme risk, or when more than one factor is rated as high risk. Ensure daily risk assessment checklists are maintained at the operation or training site until the event is completed. Ensure risk management worksheets are reevaluated before each operation or training event in coordination with the daily risk assessment checklist by the individual(s) responsible for the operation or training.
Ensure the worksheet and daily risk assessment checklists are used as the basis for preoperational or training safety briefings of involved personnel. The 586th Assault Float Bridge (AFB) Company will conduct a five-day FTX in Anatuvak training area of Camp Yukon. To ensure risk management throughout the operation, the unit's XO (Lieutenant Young) conducted an operational analysis to break down the exercise into events, allowing him to manage the risks for the various tasks.
Leaders developed the hazard list using their experience, lessons learned, unit SOPs, applicable references, and guidance from the chain of command. Company leaders annotated each task and associated environmental hazards on the risk management worksheet in Figure G-2, sections E and F. Unit leaders assessed each hazard to determine the risk for potential harm to the environment. Unit leaders developed controls to eliminate or reduce the probability or severity of each hazard.


Leaders identified how each control would be implemented and assigned responsibility to unit personnel. Leaders and staff continuously monitored controls throughout the operation to ensure their effectiveness and modified controls as required. The 586th AFB Company leadership properly managed environmental-related risk during their operation by accurately identifying potential environmental hazards, developing controls, making risk decisions, implementing controls, and ensuring proper supervision and evaluation.
Remember to look at the linkage of the environmental hazard assessment and its associated impact on safety, force protection, and force health protection as part of your overall risk management plan. The safety program will prescribe safety precautions necessary to minimize the possibility of accidents in the firing and other uses of ammunition by troops in training and range operations.
This document will be completed immediately before the execution phase of the operation or training. If an accident occurs during the operation, the checklist should be maintained until the investigation is complete. The initial worksheet is sufficient unless changes have been made to the training scenario or operation plan that would affect the safety of personnel, equipment, or the environment, or new hazards are identified on the daily risk assessment checklist that are not on the initial risk management worksheet.
Leaders must understand that risk-taking is a decision-making process that balances mission benefits and costs. The hazards are the potential sources of danger that could be encountered while performing a task or mission. Leaders are expected to weigh the risk against the benefits of conducting training or performing an operation. The controls established as a result of the first three steps are implemented in step four. Controls should be keyed to each identified hazard and should address differing levels of the hazard, if appropriate. Risk management worksheets that have been assigned a residual overall risk level of medium or lower will be signed by the appropriate individual authorized to accept the risk. For those operations conducted on a repetitive basis, the checklist will be done before each days training. The using organization may tailor the factors and the point totals for categorizing the operation or training as extreme, high, medium, or low risk to fit the mission of the particular organization. The unit consulted Fort Chilly's and Camp Yukon's installation and operational staffs to obtain more information on the environmental considerations for the area of operations.
Their assessment was based upon how often the environmental hazard occurred during the operation (probability) and what effect the hazard had on the environment (severity). Due to effective risk management, the company successfully completed the mission and minimized their company's impact on the environment. The OIC is responsible for the overall operation of the range before, during, and after live firing.
The range safety officer is responsible for the safe operation of the range to include conducting a safety orientation before each scheduled live-fire exercise. The NCOIC assists the OIC and safety officer, as required; for example, by supervising enlisted personnel who are supporting the live-fire exercise. This detail is composed of one or more ammunition handlers whose responsibilities are to break down, issue, receive, account for, and safeguard live ammunition.
They raise and lower the targets, time the exposures, sound the audible signal, and give the fire commands. This detail should be composed of two segments: one to conduct small-arms repair and one to perform minor maintenance on the target-holding mechanisms.
Store ammunition at a position that will minimize the potential for ignition, explosion, or rapid burning.
Distribute small arms ammunition to troops only when they are on the ready line or firing line.
For those operations conducted on a repetitive basis, the checklist must be completed before each days training or operation.
Risk management will be integrated into every operation and training event conducted on the installation or by installation organizations at other locations.
The process of risk management is a complete cycle that feeds back to its start point in a logical manner.


Initial risk levels, controls, and residual risk levels should be considered when making a risk acceptance decision. It includes following up during and after an action to ensure that all went according to plan, reevaluating the plan or making adjustments as required to accommodate unforeseen issues, and incorporating lessons learned for future use.
The initial probability of an accident occurring from each hazard will be noted in column two of the form, initial effect will be noted in column three of the form, and the initial risk level of extremely high, high, medium, or low for each hazard will be noted in column four of the form.
For example, where heat is listed as a hazard, address specific measures to be taken at each heat category level as well as general requirements such as taking wet bulb readings at the operation site rather than depending on readings taken at another part of the installation.
The residual probability of an accident occurring from each hazard will be noted in column six of the form, residual effect will be noted in column seven of the form, and the residual risk level of extremely high, high, medium, or low for each hazard will be noted in column eight of the form. The residual risk level determines who may accept the risk and sign the risk management worksheet. Requests for risk acceptance decisions at the installation or MACOM level must be properly staffed through the Safety Office, the Directorate of Public Safety (DPS), and the Directorate of Operations and Training at least 30 days before the event. The purpose of this document is to evaluate those conditions that may have changed since the worksheet was completed, to identify any new hazards not addressed on the worksheet, and to serve as a final check to ensure the safety of the operation. They held those in charge accountable and ensured that all tasks were performed to applicable standards. ARs 210-21, 385-10, and 385-63 should be reviewed by all range personnel (OIC, safety officer, NCOIC, and so on) before operating any range. Each assistant ensures that all firers observe safety regulations and procedures, and he assists firers having problems. Units will not burn wooden containers or indiscriminately fire ammunition to preclude return to a storage site.
If conditions change significantly during the operation, the checklist should be reevaluated. The leader who has authority to accept a risk is responsible for protecting his personnel from unnecessary risk. A key consideration in managing risk is to match the process to the extent of the risk probability. Special attention should be paid to identifying those hazards that have the potential to change such as weather, level of supervision, soldier alertness, terrain, equipment conditions, and so on. The risk level for each hazard and the overall operation will be determined before implementation of control measures (initial) and after controls are implemented (residual). Specific controls will be integrated into plans, orders, SOPs, training performance standards, and rehearsals.
He ensures that all personnel comply with the safety regulations and procedures prescribed for the conduct of a live-fire exercise.
An unnecessary risk is one that could be reduced or eliminated without hindering mission accomplishment. In this situation, each possibility should be identified; for example, weather changes could include heat, cold, lightning, high wind, tornadoes, and so on.
Leaders identified several control measures to include ensuring that operators were properly trained to dispense fuel, appropriate spill equipment was available, and all fueling of boats was completed while the boats were still on the trucks before launch. This step required leaders to anticipate environmental requirements and incorporate them as part long-range, short-range, and near-term planning. Generally, all steps of the process should be retained with curtailment achieved by cutting back on the details of each step, not by eliminating a step.
Steps will be documented on the risk management worksheet and the daily risk assessment checklist. The commander was concerned about the environmental hazards associated with the bridging operations and directed his staff to consider additional controls.
The soldiers are somewhat familiar with the terrain, which contains some identified and marked off archaeological sites.



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