But first, I want you to understand this: I am NOT some money-grubbing video hack recycling out-dated generic info for outrageous prices to unsuspecting would-be filmmakers. I am a passionate life-long filmmaker and educator who loves teaching and helping other filmmakers. Film and TV projects Ia€™ve made have been screened at the Tribeca Film Festival, Slamdance, and on MTV and The Education Channel. I am currently the Production Center Manager and an adjunct professor at NYU-Tisch School of the Arts, one of the most renowned film schools in the world, where I instruct grad and undergrad students on everything from lighting to audio to camerawork and other practical production strategies for pulling off their creative vision regardless of their budget or previous experience level. Even with a family and full-time job I actively devote a huge chunk of my time to helping up and coming filmmakers.
Unlike the money-grubbing video hacks peddling whack digital downloads across the Internet, I actually want you to succeed, so Ia€™m not gonna B.S.
100% real-world illustrated practical instructions on the tangible and intangible things that can help you make your film and video projects with less mistakes and better end results regardless of your budget. 296 glossy full-color pages featuring 500+ clear full-color photos and diagrams in a real soft-cover book.
This isna€™t one of those cheesy low-budget fly-by-night digital downloadsa€¦this is a glossy full-color soft-cover book, packaged with a professionally produced Bonus DVD that features a one-of-a-kind video DVD tutorial on recording better audio that has received univerSal praise for ita€™s clarity and usefulness. This entire book and DVD package has been professionally edited, designed, laid out and perfectly-bound by the worlda€™s leading publisher of technical film and TV books,Focal Press . This is a book and DVD of purely practical advice and technical instruction from the deep trenches of guerrilla filmmaking. If youa€™re busy trying to launch a film, I know that you dona€™t have the time to read between the lines, so I took more than 2 years out of my life to catalog and illustrate the filmmaking process and write The Shut Up and Shoot Documentary Guide to break down the things you most need to know. Thata€™s just the useful information that Ia€™m providing, but even after 15 years in the game, I dona€™t know everything (far from it), so I reached out to gather more practical wisdom and advice some of the most respected, experienced and talented filmmakers and experts in the industry to ask them to fill in my blanks by giving you their candid advice in pages entitled Been There, Done That, that are dispersed throughout the book by topic. Who are just some of the diverse respected and talented filmmakers who have contributed their vast filmmaking wisdom and knowledge to this book? John is an world-renowned animation historian and Executive Director of Animation of NYUa€™s legendary Tisch School of the Arts.
Adrian and his brother Rocco, shot their documentary, Genghis Blues, on a Hi-8 video camera in the rugged mountains of Tuva.
Many of these name-brand indie filmmakers have been nominated for (and even won) Oscars and won more major awards, festivals, and accolades than I could hope to list. In the 15+ years Ia€™ve been making film and TV, Ia€™ve wasted many precious hours (actually days) of my life reading i??between the lines of some overwhelming film book, trying to find and decipher the few kernels of real information that were actually relevant to helping me make my projecta€¦I rarely found the practical info I needed and hardly ever in a single book.
In The Shut Up and Shoot Documentary Guide Ia€™ve gone through great pains to make the complicated and confusing process of filmmaking easy and clear for you to understand and more importantly, execute. Long after you begin to master the craft, the Shut Up and Shoot Documentary Guide will serve as a continual illustrated reference guide to the thousand little technical and procedural details you need to recall to pull off a film. Not only that, but this book will help you avoid the most common filmmaking mistakes and give you the technical know-how, insider tips and confidence to capture your vision regardless of your budget.
In addition to that, ita€™s gotten more positive reviews and endorsements from active blog writers in and around the filmmaking community, such as Making The Movie, Irascible Ian, and The Blog Columnist.
This partial list includes some of the most prestigious names in film education on either side of the globe and they have adopted this book in the classroom for one reason and one reason only- ita€™s helping their students to make better films. I want you to take the word of the many happy customers who already own The Shut Up and Shoot Documentary Guide. This price is much lower than other filmmaking products on the market and even 20% lower than the retail price printed on the book. DESCRIPTION: More or less elaborate diagram-maps, in the tradition of the early medieval world maps, were still being produced in the 14th and 15th centuries. This manuscript has the ownership inscription of John Wardeboys, who was abbot of Ramsey at the time of its dissolution in 1539. The world map of Higden, derived as usual from a variety of Roman sources, is found in the first book, and some 21 extant examples can be traced to the 1342 London manuscript of the Polychronicon for which stemmata have been developed by Konrad Miller, with modifications by R.A. Higden began work on the Polychronicon early in the 1320s and regularly updated it until his death in 1363.
There is no evidence that Higden himself, unlike his famous predecessor, the chronicler Matthew Paris (Book II, #225), was particularly cartographically literate. The map that Higden finally selected for what is now the Huntington Library manuscript HM 132 was probably an already rather ancient model. Detail of Mesopotamia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, from Ranulph Higdena€™s Polychronicon, England, c. There is no pictorial illustration on the Huntington map apart from the depiction of Adam and Eve in Paradise and two dogsa€™ heads outside the map. The absence of any explicit connection between illustration and text brings to mind the acute observation made by Rudolf Wittkower in relation to the divergence between the illustrations and the text in 15th century copies of Marco Poloa€™s travels: a€?No medieval artist aimed at a descriptive illustration of a text.
In the course of the 1340s - possibly before Higden had selected a map to fill the space left in the text for it - a copyist, perhaps working for Ramsey Abbey, Huntingdonshire, created a larger, more detailed and better-executed world map, which illustrates the text much more fully.
If evidence is needed of the decline of cartographic consciousness in England in the second half of the 14th century - perhaps as a consequence of the Black Death pandemic of 1348 a€“ one needs also to bear in mind that only twenty of the surviving 120 or so complete Polychronicon texts in Latin (and only those of the intermediate text and its continuations) contain maps.
See also monograph #236.2, the Evesham world map, for additional information on Ranulf Higden. Detail of Noah in the ark with a ram, lion, and a stag, from Ranulph Higdena€™s Polychronicon, England, c. An example of Higdena€™s mandorla or almond-shaped maps is shown here, perhaps representing a common Christian symbol of the aureole surrounding Christ.
English manuscript map centered around Jerusalem and to be read from the north-west, in Ranulf Higden, Polychronicon, late 14th century, Oxford University MS.
These [drawings of the surrounding mountains] was all taken from the shape of their tops as appeared from the camp on Tuesday 24 of November, 1846. We traveled from these hills the same direction as we had the day before, southwest, making 12 in the morning and 18 in the afternoon, making 30 miles.
This morning marched 10 miles and came to these hills where we are now passing southwest direction to find a pass, if possible, for the wagons into another valley. We continued our course, southeast, until we make 20 miles and camped on another plain between the mountains on a creek in the center of the flats.
We have had some beautiful plains to pass over as we have come along, but a lack of water and timber. This morning the whole guard has to go on extra duty because one man run his bayonet in a mule. We traveled until 10 oa€™clock and I got ahead of all the train and stopped and took a picture of the mountains around. There was in the evening, an Indian Chief come in and told us that we was on the right road and that last summer there was one wagon went down where we was calculating to go yesterday. Accordingly, on Sunday morning the 29th day, all hands was engaged in fixing for a pass to go into the valley. We left one wagon above and yesterday another as we was descending and we are not yet down and out of this hole that is here marked out. On the north is a hollow where water sometimes rises, putting down from the mountain into the river or creek. The weather is rather cool and the clouds are in the west, hovering over the mountains as far as you can see. This chain of hills or mountains runs from 12 miles southwest from here to the northwest, out of sight running northwest. On the sixth day, the camp traveled through the brush for about 12 miles and passed in among the hills and I found a beautiful grove of young timber of ash and a kind of walnut, a little like black walnut and a great variety of other wood or brush which grows on the mountains and in the valleys, good to burn.
This place is where the camp passed through into a small valley, where we found an old yard that we understand from one of our guides was built by the man who owned the little town we passed through. One of the Spanish drovers left and went to the Spanish settlement below here a short distance. This is a large valley and we are calculating to descend it northwest until we come to the river Saint Padra.
I awoke and told my dream and went to sleep and dreamed that I was called up by the brethren to tell it which I did and told them I thought it was for not keeping the covenants, but use the name of the Lord, their God in vain and it had become common language to curse each other.
The bottom land here is about one mile wide, with now and then a scrape of bottom much wider. This day, some of our hunters informed me that they have seen a number of bear tracks and one was the width of his hand and length of his thumb.
I understand there is a plenty of wild oxen here among these hills, which is excellent beef.
These bottoms look like the best of soil in these valleys for about one mile wide, some places wider.
Where our camp is, a small town called a€?Barnadenoa€™, once owned by a rich man who built it for himself. Last night I took a view of our camping ground and saw that it was like the one we had the night before. This is the mountains east are very high, running south until they come against this camp, then they turn east rounding corner and then turns north as I have laid down on another map down the St. As curious a thing as I have seen with thorns, is the large prickly pear or water plant or tree, which is often as high as 20 feet, 16 inches over. On the morning of the 18 of December {LNa€™s note: This day was the 32nd birthday of Levia€™s wife, Clarissa Reed Hancock. These mountains are from the left of the center line, running southeast to northwest and on the other side of the road is mountains that are as high as these on the left. This land that we have passed between here and town is baron, desolate waste and nothing grows here and it looks like the best of land, a plenty of wood here, fires. North, half mile from the road to the foot on the right of this center line as I was facing the mountain, I took this map. I then looked and I stood at the right hand of him and expected he would say something, but did not. I remembered a dream I had before, which was this: I saw him all alone and said I, a€?There is my fathera€? and got him by the hand and said, a€?Bless me, O my father.
These mountains are those that are on the right hand and is about the same distance and height of those on the left. Along our last days travel, which is the 21 day and I am now in camp, in the borders of the Pema town or on the east side of town. This, the 22 day of December, on Tuesday morning, we left our first camping ground on the Hely and went down this river 8 miles to the Pemo village and pitched our tents.
On the 24th day, I got in conversation with one of our guides and showed him my map of Hely River and the Colorado, Salt and Francisco.
Marched at 10 oa€™clock from our camp and the maricopers and raveled southwest by west 8 miles, then by the end of the mountains four miles southwest then west, far enough to make 18 miles and camped on the desert on the left hand side of some hills. This is Christmas Day and yesterday there was watermelon brought in camp for sale and they was good melons, too.
I saw the Chief last night and he said that he knew who we was and some time he meant to go and see the Mormons in California. In one hollow or gully, it is said that this valley is the best of any and that here is a good place for raising any kind of grain, also anything of the fruit kind, and by the looks of the land here, it seems that a nation might be fed here as in Egypt, by watering the land which might be easily done. Early in the morning, the old doctor came to one tent where some had been boiling beans and asked, a€?What is this?a€? a€?Beans and corn.a€? was the answer. This day I had a talk with Brother Dikes and traveled about 2 miles with him, in which time he told me that he had wanted some conversation for some time and would be glad if I would give him some council and then said that there was considerable feelings existing against him in the Battalion and he would like to do right and that he considered that I was the one to come to get council. I told him I already had that laid to me and I had had a put down for it when there never had been any cause for it and if I should give any council, it would be said again that I sought power and authority and I had concluded not to give any council to any officer, lest it should cause further jealousy. And then he said that he could clear himself of the charges that was against him and that he had defied any man to prove either Eclyseastacle or Military Law against him, for he had kept them both and when he got to the Church things he thought would be differently represented and would not appear as bad as many suppose and then asked me if I did not think that he had better be independent and do the thing strictly according to law. This day we traveled ten miles and come to the river northwest, then turned west by north and went ten miles further and being 18 miles over the best kind of land. James Pace has now brought in a petrified bone which he wished was in the Church, which must have an enormous large animal, about 9 inches across one end, four inches the other way.
We came to the top of the hill and the mountains presented a sight and I stopped and drew the shape of them. This day made 7 miles over the hill, down on the flats near the bank of the river near a mountain which many ascended and viewed the country and I could see the winding Hely for a long distance.
While passing along down the bottoms today, I saw another prickly body of the pear or appears to be a species of the same, in another form here. I tell the brethren to wait until they can have a hearing before the authorities of he Church and to be as patient as possible. But, thank God we have served 6 months, save eleven days and we will try to heave it as good soldiers, although our shoes are worn out, our torn clothes are all almost gone, the skins of beavers are used for moccasins. Took a northwest course for four miles and turned around a mountain and in two miles further west, I took the shape of the end of the long mountains seen a long way back. Here the river has a bend and the valleys are not so wide as they are above, and sometimes to be narrow down below here, which is a southwest course from here and looks like the worst of going. These hills was seen west of northwest a long ways back and sometimes the peak that is above, was west. After we had turned around here, we had to pass through the bottoms, the thickest kind of brush and small cane and cottonwood or poplar, willow and many other kinds of small brush. I have now got in camp and the course we traveled from the bluffs was a northwest course for about two miles and began to bear a little around towards the west and now we are going west and I take some peaks that I can just see on the top of a hill or mountain as we are on the bottoms. We traveled through sand and over gravel, course and fine, until we made 12 miles and camped on the bank of the Colorado.
There is no chance for any landscape here, only on the other side and up stream is a mountain. I thought I would go and see him myself not knowing it was against orders, as I afterwards heard it was. I am now about 8 miles from our last nighta€™s camp and while on my way here I sometimes discovered something on the ground that looked like a red clear stone.
Hah-yo-de-yah, is all he scrub that grows here on this desert and no grass and in the aroyohs, muskeet and a few other scrubs. This day traveled northwest by west course until we came to where men was digging a well and found water, but it was poor and but little of it and we was ordered to march on to the next, which was 20 miles ahead.
This day made 18 miles over some hills of sand and the bottoms or flats was gravel and sand.
In the hollow, when we got to the top of this hill, we saw that there was no outlet to this valley, nor inlet. Last night, one man catched up with us who had been sent back after a p low that had been left on Hely River by the commissary. Here is a vineyard that looks beautiful and I am told that there have been clusters of grapes that would weigh 14 pounds and that not uncommon. We put up, making 20 miles this day, by a good creek that would make the best of mill seats, not more than two rods to dam in between the mountains of rocks and there might be a lake formed big enough to water all the country below, but lack of building timber here. It made me think of the storm when Joseph Smith was with us between the two Fishing Rivers, only here we had no thunder. Once I felt it in my heart and although our men, many of them had become basically wicked, He would spare them.
4 miles from last nights camp and in plain sight of the snow top mountain described here, which I took yesterday and soon after I took it, I ascended a hill and looked at the northwest and between the hills down a valley, I saw a wide extended plain and an arm of the big waters, putting up a point of land, running into the sea about northwest.
At the northeast mountains covered with snow and here it is hot and all things in bloom, birds singing and all around presents a beautiful sight. To understand ourselves it is important to understand our ancestors, and a part of them, and their heritage, lives on in us today. To the world the American Indians seemed like a forgotten people when the English colonists first arrived and began to occupy their lands. I want to give special thanks to my cousin, Mary Hilliard, for her assistance and encouragement in researching and preparing this book. Wherever possible I have tried to find at least two sources for the genealogical data, but this has not always been possible.
I have also found Franklin Elewatum Bearce's history, Who Our Forefathers Really Were, A True Narrative of Our White and Indian Ancestors, to be very helpful.


It is certainly possible that such a record may contain errors, but it is also very fortunate that we have access to this record as it presents firsthand knowledge of some of the individuals discussed in this book.
8 Newcomba€? Cpt. Sometime before the colonial period, the Iroquoian tribes began moving from the southern plains eastward across the Mississippi River and then northeasterly between the Appalachians and the Ohio River Valley, into the Great Lakes region, then through New York and down the St.
Though they were neighbors and had similar skin color, these two groups of Indians were as dissimilar as the French and the Germans in Europe. Federations, as well as the individual tribes, were fluid organizations to the extent that the sachem was supported as long as he had the strength to maintain his position. Belonging to a federation meant that an annual tribute had to be sent to support the great sachem and his household, warriors had to be sent if he called for a given number to go to war, and strictest obedience and fidelity was demanded. Some of these federations had as many as thirty member tribes supporting their Great Sachem, although many of these tribes would be counted by more than one sachem, as any tribe that was forced to pay tribute was considered as part of that Great Sachem's federation. Any member of the society who dishonored himself, in anyway, was no longer worthy of the respect of his people.
When viewing the typical Indians of America, one would describe them as having a dark brown skin. They wore relatively little clothing, especially in summer, although the women were usually somewhat more modest than the men. The English resented the fact that the Indians wouldn't convert to Christianity as soon as the missionaries came among them. The various tribes of New England spoke basically the same language and could understand each other well.
There are many words used commonly in our language today that were learned from these New England Indians: Squaw, wigwam, wampum, pow-wow, moccasin, papoose, etc. Today there is little doubt that prior to Columbus's voyage, the Norsemen sailed to the coast of North America early in the eleventh century. We do not have a record of all of the European contact and influence on the Indians in the early years of exploration because the greatest exposure came from the early European fishermen and trappers who kept no records of their adventures, as opposed to the explorers.
In 1524, Giovanni da Verrazano wrote the first known description of a continuous voyage up the eastern coast of North America. As the fur trade became increasingly more important to Europeans, they relied heavily on the Indians to do the trapping for them.
Another problem with which the Indians had to contend was the White man's diseases for which they had no tolerance nor immunity. In the spring of 1606, Gorges sent Assacumet and Manida, as guides on a ship with Captain Henry Chalons, to New England to search for a site for a settlement. In 1614, Captain John Smith, who had already been involved in the colony at James Town, Virginia, was again commissioned to take two ships to New England in search of gold, whales or anything else of value. Dermer wanted to trade with the local Indians of the Wampanoag Federation and asked Squanto if he would guide them and be their interpreter.
Derner was given safe passage through Wampanoag land by Massasoit and soon returned to his ship. When the Pilgrims left England in the Mayflower, their stated intent was to establish a settlement on the mouth of the Hudson River, at the site of present day New York City.
The Pilgrims returned to the Mayflower and, after many days of exploration, found a more suitable location. On March 16, 1621 the Pilgrims were surprised by a tall Indian who walked boldly into the plantation crying out, "Welcome! The Pilgrims gestured for Massasoit to join them in their fort but, he in turn, gestured for them to come to him. When the amenities were ended, the English brought out a treaty they had prepared in advance, which specified that the Wampanoags would be allies to the English in the event of war with any other peoples and that they would not harm one-another; and that when any Indians came to visit the plantation they would leave their weapons behind. After the ceremonies were ended, Governor Carver escorted Massasoit to the edge of the settlement and waited there for the safe return of Winslow.
Part of Massasoit's willingness to make an alliance with the English must be credited to his weakened condition after suffering from the recent epidemics which left his followers at about half of the strength of his enemies, the Narragansetts. In June of 1621, about three months after the signing of the treaty, a young boy from the Colony was lost in the woods. When the English could not find the boy, Governor William Bradford, (who replaced John Carver, who died in April) sent to Massasoit for help in locating the boy. That summer Governor Bradford sent Edward Winslow and Stephen Hopkins, with Squanto, to Pokanoket (Massasoit's own tribe, on the peninsula where Bristol, R.I. From this trip of Winslow's, we learn more about the daily life of the Indians in this area. Massasoit urged his guests to stay longer but they insisted they must return to Plymouth before the Sabbath. Less than a month following this visit, Massasoit sent Hobomock, a high ranking member of the Wampanoag Council, to Plymouth to act as his ambassador and to aid the Pilgrims in whatever way they needed. Hobomock and Squanto were surprised at what they heard, and quietly withdrew from the camp to Squanto's wigwam but were captured there before they could get to Plymouth. Although the Narragansetts and Wampanoags were historical enemies and continually feuding over land, they did not usually put hostages of high rank to death.
Normally, treason was punishable by death and Massasoit would certainly have been justified in executing Corbitant for his part in the plot against him but, for some reason, Massasoit complete forgave him.
Their first harvest was not a large one but the Pilgrims were.happy to have anything at all. During the winter, a rivalry developed between Squanto and Hobomock, the two Indians who now lived continually at Plymouth. According to the treaty he had signed with Plymouth, they were to turn over to him any Indians guilty of offense. In June and July, three ships arrived at Plymouth with occupants who expected to be taken in and cared for.
In the winter of 1622-23, Governor William Bradford made trips to the various Indian tribes around Cape Cod to buy food to keep the Pilgrims from starvation. Next, Standish went to Cummaquid (Barnstable, MA.) where Iyanough was Sachem of the Mattachee Tribe. Thinking that Massasoit was dead, they went instead to Pocasset, where they sought Corbitant who, they were sure, would succeed Massasoit as the next Great Sachem. Winslow describes their arrival, where the Indians had gathered so closely that it took some effort to get through the crowd to the Great Sachem. Since the Pow-wow's medicine had not produced any results, Winslow asked permission to try to help the ailing Sachem.
Their second Thanksgiving was combined with the wedding celebration of Governor Bradford and Alice Southworth.
Because of Massasoit's honored position, more was recorded of him than of other Indians of his time.
Massasoit most likely became Sachem of the Pokanokets, and Great Sachem of the Wampanoags, between 1605-1615.
The second son of Massasoit was Pometacomet, (alias Pometacom, Metacom, Metacomet, Metacomo or Philip.) Philip was born in 1640, at least 16 years younger than Alexander.
The third son, Sunconewhew, was sent by his Father to learn the white man's ways and to attend school at Harvard. When his two oldest sons were old enough to marry, Massasoit made the arrangements for them to marry the two daughters of the highly regarded Corbitant, Sachem of the Pocasset tribe. The tribes of Cape Cod, Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, as well as some of the Nipmuck tribes of central Massachusetts, looked to him for Military defense and leadership. Following the plagues of 1617, which reduced his nation so drastically and left his greatest enemy, the Narragansetts of Rhode Island, so unaffected, Massasoit was in a weakened position. In 1632, following a battle with the Narragansetts in which he regained the Island of Aquidneck, Massasoit changed his name to Ousamequin (Yellow feather) sometimes spelled Wassamegon, Oosamequen, Ussamequen. In 1637, the English waged an unprovoked war of extermination against the Pequot Federation of Connecticut, which shocked both the Wampanoags and the Narragansetts so much that both Nations wanted to avoid hostilities with the feared English. After hearing of the death of his good friend, Edward Winslow in 1655, Massasoit realized that his generation was passing away.
As Massasoit's health began to decline, he turned more and more of the responsibilities over to Alexander who was a very capable leader and who was already leading the warriors on expedition against some of their enemies. Massasoit was succeeded, as Great Sachem, by his son Alexander, assisted by his brother, Philip. The younger generation saw, in Alexander, a strong, new leader who could see the danger of catering to the English. Both Philip and Weetamoo were very vocal in their condemnation of the English and word of their accusations soon reached Plymouth. Together, Philip and Canonchet reasoned that it would take a great deal of preparation for such a war. It’s Super Treatment Tuesday at the brewery and today we’ll be tapping the spoils from our Saturday bottle release as they run out! Nor am I one of these guys who made a single lame little film that never saw the light of day and is now claiming to somehow be able to give you everything you need to take on Hollywood with a dollar and dream. A feature film I produced was covered on the front page of both The Hollywood Reporter and Variety when it took the top prize at the prestigious 2003 IFP Film Market in New York City. As a service to the indie film community I provide tons of helpful original information in the form of a free filmmaking blog, podcast, email newsletter and Ia€™ve even donated thousands of dollars of this product to several filmmaking non-profits organizations that serve teens. I do them because this is my art, craft, and passion and I want to share the many things Ia€™ve learned (and am still learning) and do my best to inspire you to pursue and persist at filmmaking.
These are just practical straight-up answers that every filmmaker will need to know sooner or later- all explained clearly, in plain English, step-by-step. They are self-taught and challenging the traditional notion of film distribution with innovative new models. Ita€™s an easy and humorous read and written to inspire and motivate you to pursue your vision regardless of your budget or experience level.
Not only that, but there is absolutely no-risk for you whatsoever, because just like the filmmaking instruction, the guarantee is no B.S. One of them, in various versions, appears in copies of a compendious and immensely popular universal Latin history book, the Polychronicon, written in the mid-14th century by Ranulf Higden, a Benedictine monk at Chester (ca.
It is oriented with East at the top, Jerusalem near its center and the heads around the map represent the twelve winds. It depends largely on classical writings such as Plinya€™s Etymologia (especially as transmitted by earlier medieval writers and encyclopaedists, notably Isidore of Seville (Book II, #205), on medieval chronicles, on travel accounts such as those of Vincent of Beauvais, Giraldus Cambrensis and Marco Polo, on the Alexander legends and, above all, on the Bible.
Other chroniclers contributed their own a€?continuationsa€™ to Higdena€™s text until after 1400. Their occurrence or non-occurrence, however, is so apparently arbitrary and the design of most of them so unrelated to the text as to prompt questions about Higdena€™s attitude towards maps and about the nature and purpose of these so-called Higden maps.
Almost certainly the now-lost original short version of the Polychronicon did not contain a map.
It presented the essentials of his worldview without the frills (such as the texts and illustrations relating to the Marvels of the East and to the Bible) found on the great 13th century world maps. Only the principal cities, rivers, seas and provinces of the classical world are named, except in Western Europe where some medieval place-names appear. In some ways this work resembles the great maps of the previous century with their descriptive texts. Even if a few of the other hundred mapless texts may originally have been accompanied by larger, separate maps - in the way that a copy of Gervase of Tilburya€™s Otia Imperialia may once have accompanied, explained and elucidated the Ebstorf world map (Book II, #224) a€“ the likelihood must be that most had none.
We passed over the best kind of land I ever saw and came to another creek, putting down from the west into this river large enough to carry a grist mill continually and might be brought onto a overshot wheel as clear as crystal. At first I was very skeptical of this record as it was a family tradition passed down for many generations. She was very fond of her Grandmother, Freelove, knew all about her and stated on several occasions that Freelove's Mother was Sarah Mauwee, daughter of Joseph Mauwee, Sachem of Choosetown, and not Tabitha Rubbards (Roberts).
Massasoit was the Sachem of this tribe, as well as being the Great Sachem over the entire Wampanoag Federation, which consisted of over 30 tribes in central and southeastern Massachusetts, Cape Cod, Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket. Welcome, Englishmen!" It was a cold and windy day, yet this Indian, who introduced himself as Samoset, Sachem of a tribe in Monhegan Island, Maine, wore only moccasins and a fringed loin skin.
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And they are all giving perfectly candid, concise and practical advice on everything from funding to storytelling to ethics throughout this book.
Not too surprising, in Britain (shown in the color red, lower left) there are more town symbols than are shown for all the rest of Europe. Fourteen cities are represented and identified, including London, Winchester, Lincoln, Oxford, Worcester, Gloucester, Norwich, Northampton, York, and Exeter.
Commonly styled the Polychronicon which comes from the booka€™s longer title Ranulphi Castrensis, cognomine Higden, Polychronicon (sive Historia Polycratica) ab initio mundi usque ad mortem regis Edwardi III in septem libros dispositum, Higdena€™s Polychronicon became the most popular history book in medieval England and, as mentioned above, more than 120 manuscript copies survive today.
Although Higden occasionally interjected stories and observations of his own, and sometimes criticized earlier authors, he was generally satisfied with their information.
After a few years, however, Higden evidently concluded that a map would be appropriate, and the intermediate and final versions of the text specifically refer the reader to a map.
Furthermore, the one copyist of the 1340s who was sufficiently enthusiastic to create the more elaborate of the Ramsey Abbey maps, which closely corresponds to Higdena€™s text, was an isolated figure. That the Caspian is not an inland sea but open to the ocean signals this depictiona€™s conservatism. Below them to the right is the Red Sea (colored red), interrupted by a label marking where Moses led the Hebrews to safely from Herod. She obtained her copy of Zerviah Newcomb's Chronical from Zerviah's original diary, in the hands of Josiah 3rd himself. For the second year in a row they waited until the last game of the year to let Bearcat fans know their playoff fate.
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The original manuscript of the earliest version is lost, but the copy that the Huntington Library possesses is now generally accepted as Higdena€™s working copy for the intermediate version, which contains the text up to 1327 with continuations recording events up to 1352. Unlike Paris, however, Higden was either unable or unwilling to create a map specifically for his description of the world. The map omits all legends, notably those referring to the Marvels of the East or to the Bible (with the exception of an indication of the passage of the Hebrews across the Red Sea) even though these are dealt with in detail in the text. The other copyists became, if anything, less cartographically concerned than Higden and their maps even more conventionalized. The text specifies that Gog and Magog will break out at the end of the world and do great damage, and that they were enclosed by Alexander.
The small square islands near the middle of the page, set against a green sea, include Crete, Cyprus, Rhodes, and Sicily. As with illustrations, so with maps, Higden may have realized that the map he selected was not ideal, but he was not sufficiently cartographically sophisticated to be bothered by it. Last year, they won their last game but lost out on the playoffs when Granbury snuck in upsetting O.


We open back up to the public at 7:30pm and she will be pouring for your drinking pleasure! As a testimony to its popularity, some 150 manuscript copies of the Polychronicon have survived and are illustrated by a world map, all having similar geographical content, although their individual form and shape vary considerably.
Not all of these town symbols are the same, for instance Jerusalem, Rome, Babylon, and Santiago de Compostella (Spain) are quite unique, large cathedral-like drawings with considerable more detail than the other identified towns. Although he was evidently proud of Chester and of the English language, the tone of his text is not at all nationalist. Skelton and David Woodward have all followed Konrad Miller (who, however, did not know of the Huntington Library map) in focusing their attention on this map from Ramsey Abbey. By the 1370s they were creating circular maps (or maps shaped like the aureoles often shown surrounding Christ in medieval art), which mostly lacked even the rudimentary coastlines and decoration shown on the Huntington Library Map.
Higdena€™s work seems to have been very popular: around 185 Latin manuscripts traceable to Higdena€™s design. In this case, Higden himself is likely to have been responsible for the additions as well as the core text, and the Huntington Library manuscript, therefore, should be regarded as the most authoritative expression of Higdena€™s own intentions. Almost certainly his chosen map was a familiar image that, because of its very familiarity, would have been as acceptable to his readers as to himself in providing an illustration of the world. Bearce's Great-aunt, Mary Caroline, lived with Josiah III and Freelove Canfield Bearce for several years, listened to their ancestral stories, and made her own personal copy of Zerviah's diary supplement. Lawrence to what is now known as Lake Champlain where his party killed several Mohawks in a show of European strength and musketry. We have some seriously fresh beer flowing today… Rickenbacker Czech Pilsner Flagler Saison Wynwood IPA Nutty Blonde Not feeling beer today?
On some the map is circular, on some a pointed oval (vesica piscis [fish bladder] or mandorla type), and on some it is a rounded oval. Book I is devoted to a geographical description of the world, while Books 2 through Book 5 encompass the history of the world. It is surely significant, as John Taylor has pointed out in his The Universal Chronicle of Ranulf Higden (1966), that several of the later copies of the earliest version have a blank folio - or a completely unrelated piece of text - at the end of the prologue to the first book - exactly where the map is to be found in the Huntington Library manuscript.
Undoubtedly it is relatively more informative than the Huntington Library map, i??but there are major problems in terming it the Higden map, as has been the practice. The relatively high level of map consciousness and cartographical skill that had distinguished England and the English in 13th century Europe had sunk low.
The oval shape of Higdena€™s maps and its simplification, the vesica piscis, is a particular characteristic of his, but not original.
Undoubtedly it is relatively more informative than the Huntington Library map, but there are major problems in terming it the Higden map, as has been the practice. Wyatt There would be no such drama this year as Aledo rode the hot hand of junior guard Dawson Gates.
We highlight the Rickenbacker Causeway with our first production brewed Lager to join our Origin Series. The circular Higden maps are thought to be simplifications of the earlier oval maps, and they certainly appear in later manuscripts. This historical causeway began construction in 1941 to connect Miami, Florida to the barrier islands of Virginia Key and Key Biscayne across Biscayne Bay.
If you are truly serious about filmmaking and looking for a better learning resource, therea€™s nothing more to say or to do except buy this book and Shut Up and Shoot! The cities of Rome and Jerusalem are always prominent, but are rarely placed in the center of the map. Second, the inclusion in the same manuscript of another simpler map that is closely related to the Huntington Library map and may, therefore, be a slightly later addition to the Ramsey Abbey copy of the Polychronicon, suggests a loss of confidence on the part of the copyist - a feeling, perhaps, that with the fuller map he was unacceptably stepping out of line. Skelton implies that a lost prototype (which may have been a large world map such as that referred to by Matthew Paris a century earlier) was probably circular and that the oval shape was an adaptation to the shape of the codex leaf. After beginning the season 4-0, they hit some hard times the second half of district with five of seven games on the road. Third, it is worth recalling that the fuller Ramsey Abbey map produced no cartographic progeny, whereas the Huntington Library map is related to, and is probably the ancestor of, no fewer than ten oval or circular maps, including the Evesham world map (#236.2), which were being created up to and into the 1460s. It is more likely, however, that the oval shape was derived from the practice described by Hugh of Saint Victor of drawing maps in the supposed shape of Noaha€™s Ark (which, by the way, is actually pictured at center-left on the map displayed below).
Aledo had lost four straight and were 1-5 in the second half of district.The Bearcats reached back and did what they needed to turn back a hot South Hills team. We have lots of specialty beers, live music, good food and great people to make the day awesome.
It was gut check time for the Bearcats and they fulfilled the promise they showed earlier in the year in tough District 7-4A. Carl Williams scored 11 and Luke Bishop was also in double figures with ten points.The Bearcats will face District 8-4A Champion (24-3) Everman Bulldogs Tuesday February 18 at Brewer High School. He further told them that Massasoit, the Great Sachem of the Wampanoags, was at Nemasket (a distance of about 15 miles) with many of his Counselors.
Everman is currently ranked # 14 in Class 4A.It will be a repeat performance for the Bearcats in the playoffs under Coach Steve Smith. This year, Aledo is in the driver’s seat and can control their own playoff fate with just one more victory over surging South Hills. Granbury has been eliminated at 5-8 with a 47-45 loss to South Hills last night.
The victory for the Scorpions was their third in the last four games and has propelled them into the do-or-die final showdown with Aledo on Tuesday night. Aledo got off to another slow start against Arlington Heights. The Bearcats could only manage 19 points by halftime and were down 27-19 at the end of the first half. The Bearcats have been a second half team all season and Friday’s Senior Night home finale was no different.
Arlington Heights pulled away in the fourth quarter to spoil Aledo’s Senior Night with a 52-43 victory. The game was delayed one day due to bad weather Friday night. It was the final home game for Aledo seniors Josh Bell, Sean Church, Chandler Dean, Matt Dunn, Alex Stockdale, and Carl Williams. Leading Bearcats vs.
Southwest (8-5) and Arlington Heights (8-5) are currently tied for second place in the district. The two teams could still tie.For Aledo (6-7), it all comes down to the final game against South Hills (6-7).
Unfortunately for the Bearcats, these are two teams going in opposite  directions in the second half of district play.
Since Aledo beat South Hills at home 56-44 on January 17, the Bearcats are 1-5 while South Hills is 4-2. The Bearcats will be playing their fifth road game out of seven in the second half of district. With Williams in the lineup for that game, we would most likely be talking about the Bearcats already clinching a playoff spot. It is what it is and what it is isn’t that bad at all.
If you recall last year, the Bearcats had to win their final game on Senior Night to have a chance at the playoffs.
Nick Losos will miss the remainder of the season with a knee injury. The Bearcats are already going through a rough stretch on the schedule playing their third straight road game and four of the last five away from home. On top of the schedule, they had to play undefeated district leader Trimble Tech. This will be the last trip for Aledo to the historic Billingsley Field House in Fort Worth as a member of District 7-4A. Unfortunately, the Bearcats did not leave on a winning note as the Bulldogs defeated Aledo 64-54. The Bearcats stayed with the quick and athletic Bulldogs in a fast paced first quarter. Carl Williams tipped in the Dunn miss. Moments later, Matt Bishop snaked through the lane and scored on a nice drive through the lane. The Bulldogs scored five more consecutive points giving then an 18-0 run to end the second quarter. The Bearcats have a few games where there have been some offensive lapses, but nothing compared to Wednesday night at Billingsley Field House. Spencer Franklin is a space eater in the lane and an intimidating presence as a shot blocker in the middle.One word this Bearcat team just does not have in their vocabulary is “quit”.
Aledo fought back in the second half and solved the relentless full court pressure by the Bulldogs. Braxton McCoy hit three long range bombs in the third quarter and Matt Dunn added another as Aledo won the third quarter 16-14. In the fourth, Carl Williams came alive with ten points and Dakota Fisher played excellent basketball on both ends of the court. In the jumbled District 7-4A playoff race, all that has really happened is Aledo dropped from second to fourth in the district. It is a dubious position to be in because two games remain on the schedule and five teams have a shot of getting the last three playoff spots. Trimble Tech has clinched first place. Aledo (6-6) has another huge game at home Friday night against Arlington Heights (7-5). Emotions stayed in check but some Granbury fans acted like they just don’t get out that often. It was at times a rough and ugly game held in check somewhat by the officials. Aledo was fighting from behind the entire game but kept clawing back to almost win the game. After Bishop’s basket, Granbury scored six of the next eight points with a Nick Losos basket sandwiched in between. Granbury led 13-8 and increased the lead to 15-9 at the end of the first quarter. Aledo started a comeback beginning in the second quarter. The Bearcats went to work on the offensive end with two free throws by Stockdale. Granbury scored on a nice finger roll after the two Stockdale free throws. Nick Losos scored a basket and Carl Williams got his first basket of the game with 4:29 left to play in the first.
Braxton McCoy missed the front end of a one-and- one, but Alex Stockdale got an offensive rebound and scored pulling Aledo within one 21-20. Luke Bishop sank two free throws to give Aledo its first lead of the game 21-20. Granbury was already in the one-and-one and hit both ends to go up 43-36. Aledo went on a 7-0 run to tie the game at 43-43. Braxton McCoy followed with a tremendous drive down the lane scooping in a left handed layup.
The good crowd helped the atmosphere for the Bearcats. Granbury scored again to go up by two points. The bad news is there are a lot of teams now who can strip Aledo of a playoff spot. Whoever designed the schedule for the second half of district was a mean person. The Bearcats have to play five road games in the second half and will play their third road game in a row Wednesday night t Billingsley Field House. Aledo has lost five District 7-4A games by a total of 19 points. Aledo lost that game by six points without the services of their top scorer and rebounder Carl Williams. The Bearcats have a tough schedule the rest of the way. They return home on Friday to play Arlington Heights who defeated Aledo 57-53 in the first half. The final game is against South Hills who have shown some improvement in the second half of the season. Aledo defeated South Hills 56-44 in the first meeting at home. Here are the remaining games for teams either 6-5 or 5-6 in district. They play at Granbury on Friday and stay on the road for a Tuesday night showdown with district leading Trimble Tech (10-0) Tuesday at Billingsley Field House. District 7-4A is like a soap opera. All the teams are so evenly matched the games are close making predictions almost impossible.
The loss puts Granbury at 4-6 in district.The game Friday at Granbury is the biggest game of the season for Aledo’s playoff hopes. It would clinch a playoff spot for Aledo if the Bearcats are tied with Granbury at the end of the season. Arlington Heights is at 5-4 in district.
It was the largest margin of victory so far in district play and the best defensive performance limiting the Cougars to 28 points. Three Bearcats were in double figures scoring led by senior Matthew Dunn with 15 points. Point guard Luke Bishop had his best game since coming back from football with 10 points. There are no easy wins in District 7-4A. Even though the Cougars are dragging the bottom of the district, they have played some teams tough this season.
Western Hills only lost to Granbury by three and played much better in the first game against Aledo when the Bearcats won 54-50. Friday night, the Bearcats made sure there would be no late game drama outscoring the Cougars 28-15 in the first half.
Al the other teams in district have at least an outside chance at the playoffs. Aledo is currently in second place and control their own destiny at 6-3.
The Bearcats are 1-2 on the road this season in district play. This is a huge week for the Bearcats playing two teams on the road who are still in the thick of the playoff hunt. Aledo would own the tie-breaker over both Southwest and Granbury with two game sweeps of both teams. Arlington Heights was in the state tournament last year and are playing strong again with a 5-4 record and tied with Southwest for third place in district. Last year Arlington Heights, third place in district, made it to the state tournament. Despite losing three senior starters, Aledo had reason for optimism entering the 2014 season. All-District players Travis Gough, Alex Riner, and Kyle Gromann all graduated off a team that tied for a playoff spot but then lost out when Granbury upset second place O.D. Taylor Johnson also led the team in rebounds, steals, and assists. Coach Smith still had some solid players returning from varsity but replacing Johnson left an unexpected big hole to fill.
A high school team does not usually lose their star player before his senior year. Coach Smith already knew he would be without the services of point guard Luke Bishop until football was over. Little did he know Bishop would quarterback the Bearcat football team all the way to the Class 4A State Championship. The Bearcat basketball team also had another setback when senior Alex Stockdale decided to play football during his senior year.
It was a heartwarming story about a player who never played football in his life deciding to suit up during his senior year. With Travis Gough and Matthew Ogden gone to graduation, Aledo was already a little “short” in the post position. Stockdale is a physical player who has no problem guarding taller opponents using his strength and creating position on taller players with his wide body. Bishop and Stockdale missed the first 13 games of the season including the first two district games.
It takes players a few games to transfer from a football mentality to a basketball regiment. Despite all the adversity, the Bearcats finished the first half of District 7-4A in second place with a 5-2 record.
It was an amazing accomplishment considering all the obstacles. The key player for Aledo during their renaissance this season has been high flying senior Carl Williams. He leads the team averaging 15 points per game while shooting 64% from the floor and leading the team with a 78.9 free throw percentage. Aledo had to play the first game of the second half of district without their star player. The Bearcats easily defeated the Chaparrals in the first half of district 73-63 with Williams pouring in 31 points. Every game counts in the tough district race. Coach Smith has found a way to make lemonade out of lemons his entire tenure as the Bearcat head basketball coach. Alex Stockdale is getting his basketball legs back and has averaged 4.7 rebounds per game in six district contests. Luke Bishop leads the team with four assists per game in district play. Catch the Bearcats at home this Friday at Bearcat Gym against Western Hills.
Worth, TX—The Aledo Bearcats went on the road and lost their second close district game in a row 57-53 against the Arlington Heights Yellow Jackets. The loss comes on the heels of a heart breaking loss to Trimble Tech 48-46. Aledo started out the season 4-0 and still is in great position for a playoff spot in District 7-4A especially if they can get back to their winning ways against South Hills at home on Friday night. A win would put the Bearcats in a commanding position for the playoffs with a 5-2 record during the first half of district play. Aledo took a 23-33 lead into halftime before being outscored 19-13 in the third quarter. Aledo’s first basket came on a three-pointer by Matthew Dunn with 4:30 left to play in the first quarter. He made one of two free throws sending Alex Stockdale to the bench with his third foul. Nick Losos came in and crated some excitement for the crowd with a blocked shot and steal.
To make matters worse, a horrible charging call on Carl Williams with 5:36 to play waived off a basket for Aledo. The Bearcats came up with the ball after a mad scramble and a tie ball with the possession going to the Bearcats. Besides being down by two points, the other problem for the Bearcats was the clock. The clock only resets to seconds, not tenths of seconds. In the pandemonium over the clock, fans and some players from Trimble Tech drifted over and would not leave the Aledo bench area. Aledo scored seconds later putting the Bearcats up by three.Bearcats Complete Improbable Fourth Quarter Comeback to Defeat Granbury 41-37Behind by six with under three minutes to play, Aledo goes on 9-0 runBig game vs. Nick Losos kept Aledo in the game with six first quarter points off the bench. Alex Stockdale did the heavy lifting in the third quarter with five points as Aledo’s defense shut down the Pirates allowing only six points. The basket and free throw not only cut Granbury’s lead to one, the foul was on Granbury’s big man Mitchell may sending him to the bench after fouling out.Aledo made a defensive stop and Coach Smith was able to call a time out retaining possession for Aledo before the referee called a jump ball.
Matt Dunn put the game on ice hitting one more free throw to give Aledo a 41-37 win.It was a huge win for Aledo to keep them undefeated this season at 4-0.
The Bearcats play undefeated Trimble Tech at home Friday night for sole possession of first place in District 7-4A.
Arlington Heights is also a factor in district play at (3-1) and still have Aledo and Trimble Tech in the first half schedule. Aledo still has Heights, Trimble Tech, and South hills in the first half of District 7-4A. Trimble Tech Cedar Park- Game 1 Bishop Amat- Game 2 Monterey Tech- Game 3 Joshua- Game 4 Burleson Centennial- Game 5 Everman- Game 6 Crowley- Game 7 Burleson- Game 8 Granbury- Game 9 Cleburne- Game 10 Byron Nelson Scrimmage Tanner Heppel # 3 Sr. Boswell Playoff Game # 3- Canyon Playoff Game # 4- Wichita Falls Playoff Game # 5 Ennis Playoff Game # 6- Brenham Denton Guyer Scrimmage 2013 Game 1-Highland Park Game 2- Stephenville Game 3- Prepa Tech Game 4- Arlington Heights Game 5- South Hills Game 6- O.D. Wyatt Game 7- Western Hills Game 8- Southwest Game 9- Granbury Game 10- Trimble Tech Brock Parker # 1 Sr.



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