There might be so many questions like above…Let me share the process to get Driving license in USA.
Written Test or Instruction Permit : This is a basic test to make sure you understand the rules in USA.
Road Test for Driving license: Once you clear the written test and get your Instruction Permit (IP) or Temps, you have certain time to practice driving license.
I have written a similar article, H4 visa holders requirements for driving license,   before  and the requirements do not differ much from them. When verifying papers at counter, you will have a vision test…they will ask you to look into a binoculars kind of instrument and asked to tell if you see blinking lights or read some letter.
You will be asked to take the written test either on computer or on paper depending on the state and facilities. If you pass, you will get the Instruction permit or learners permit right away or in 14 days to your home address depending on state.  If you fail the test, you can re-take the test right away sometimes on same day, ask them. Practice driving for few weeks and make sure you are confident with stuff like Parallel parking, up hill down hill parking, etc. Depending on state, you can either schedule for your road test ahead of time or you can directly walk-in to the DMV in the morning for road test. Noory, there are specific tests that the driving license center conducts to test your eyes and how you react.
Hey, do you know of any law that if h1b visa validity is less than a year you cannot get the driving license? I am in Illinois, just today I went to DMV and the guy over there said you need to have minimum one year of visa to get the driving license with minimum of 6 month of stay remaining before expiry.
5 years ago I renewed my passport and a valid or expired visa stamp was not yet required to get a driving license.
We have our I-20s, our I-94s, our social security cards and they would NOT give us the license without that visa stamp. I just change my status from B1 to F1 and it was approved…now I want to know how to go about it to get a SSS and a driven linceses please?? The state highly recommends road test appointments, but it isn't mandatory that you make one.
For the second 6 months, you can only have 1 passenger who is a non-family member younger than 21 years old.
After the second 6 months, you can have no more than 3 passengers who are non-family members younger than 21 years old.
I acknowledge that DMV.org is a privately-owned Web site that is not owned or operated by any state government agency. DMV.org is a privately owned website that is not owned or operated by any state government agency. I went to pick up a package today at FedEx today and the first thing they asked me was my valid photo Identification.
When they ask for a picture ID, you can show any of these that have your photo and your date of birth along with signature. Any place where you use Credit card, you will be asked for your picture ID.  I can keep on writing still more, but you get the idea the importance of having an ID in US.
As I have already mentioned in article why International Students or H1B holders should get State ID, it is a very risky proposition for us to carry passport to all the places listed above.
Actually most credit cards do NOT require an ID, and it is even against the issuer’s ToS for a merchant to ask for an ID if the card is signed. As someone from the US who has traveled a lot in my own country and outside of it for work – I agree about not carrying your passport around. One important thing you didn’t add is that a lot of places will NOT accept a passport as valid ID. So, I guess the obvious point in that is don’t go to a bar and expect to use your passport as ID. The aim of this article for the brand new initiate is to dispense with the jargon, limit pure opinion, and provide some plain, simple, and practical information about getting started in ham radio, or how to get your ham radio license. FCC Licensing:  To become a ham radio operator you must obtain a license from the Federal Communications Commission (FCC).
The FCC currently issues three different amateur radio license levels, or classes: (1) Technician License Class, (2) General License Class, and (3) Extra License Class. We’ll return to the matter of frequency use, but let’s consider the practical matter of getting that Technician Class license. License Examination:  Each license class is earned by passing an examination that tests your knowledge of amateur radio rules, regulations, operating procedures, and technical topics.
The current Technician Class question pool contains 426 questions, each a 4-response multiple-choice format. There is no longer a requirement to demonstrate competency in Morse Code for any license class exam. The question pools are formulated by the National Conference of Volunteer Examiner Coordinators (NCVEC).
Many exam sessions do not require any advanced registration and will state “walk-ins allowed.” Other sessions may require advanced sign up, so check the information closely or contact the VE in charge of the exam session.
Brainless Memorization:  Yes, you can brainlessly memorize enough of the question pool items to pass your exam and get your ham radio license. It was really hard to memorize the correct answers without knowing what the radio terminology meant and without understanding what the questions were actually about.
I don’t really know what to do now that I have my license because I didn’t really learn anything yet. The second theme is almost always followed with the request, “So, can you help me get started and tell me what I need to do to get on the air?” And many, many other questions ensue in random fashion. You will recall the correct answers to exam questions easily, vastly increasing your ability to pass the exam on the first try. You will have more confidence to get on the air right away and not delay due to uncertainty.
Taking a Course:  Many clubs offer classroom courses to help you learn and get your ham radio license. What’s an Elmer?  An Elmer is an experienced ham who mentors beginners or the less experienced, advancing their knowledge in a personal way, usually with much hands-on radio operation and oversight.
Do-It-Yourself:  If you don’t have the advantage of class offerings or local Elmers you can still be very successful on your license exam and learn on your own. Licenses, Frequency Privileges, and Operating:  Let’s return to the matter introduced earlier of the classes of amateur licenses, those frequency privileges that each license class affords, and the type of on-air operating you can do as a ham with those license classes. Briefly first, let’s cover a couple of simple radio concepts to make the differences among license classes and on-air operations more easily understood. Frequency bands are defined ranges of frequencies, some of which are allocated by the FCC for Amateur Radio Service use.
Imagine a range of signal wiggles from perhaps 144 MHz to 148 MHz, and you have a frequency band. Operating Mode: You have probably listened to AM radio and to FM radio with the commercial radio receiver in your car or home.
In ham radio we use AM and FM modes as well as digital modes such as hand-tapped Morse Code or rapid computer-generated digital packets, and others. With that brief sideline, we’re ready to discuss the license classes and what you can do with them. Technician License:  With your new Technician Class license you will have complete access to amateur radio frequency bands of 30 million cycles per second and higher.


The VHF and higher frequencies tend to be locally propagating signals, traveling somewhat greater distances than visual line-of-sight distances. Many amateur operators enjoy participating in local nets, or on-air meetings of multiple operators, using their VHF and UHF privileges, and especially with the use of repeaters. With a Technician Class license you also have limited privileges on bands in the range known as High Frequency (HF, 3 to 30 MHz). General License:  The General Class license expands your privileges with both additional HF frequency bands and with additional operating modes. Extra License:  The Extra Class license further expands your transmitting privileges beyond General Class by adding to the General Class band segments.
So, higher license classes provide greater access to HF frequencies that can propagate well beyond the local area, and properly operating on these frequencies requires somewhat greater knowledge and skill that is tested with the General Class and Extra Class license examinations. A Little About Radios: You may have figured out by this point that in order to utilize the different transmission modes available to ham operators you will need a radio that can send and receive signals using those modes. FM Transceivers:  As a beginning Technician Class licensee an FM transceiver will get you started. A multimode transceiver offers several operating modes for voice, digital, and Morse Code operations. Multimode Transceivers:  Multimode transceivers are typically more expensive, more complex in operation, and offer a greater range of capabilities. I Got My License, Now What?  After the glow of exam success has faded a bit it is time to get busy and get on the air!
First Contact:  I recommend that you make your first on-air radio contact after listening to a few other conversations. When you’re ready, push-to-talk and make your first call as you’ve learned in your exam study and preparation, and as you have heard others do, using your new call sign. The Great Beyond:  Once you have become accustomed to the operations on those radio bands, using repeaters and talking to other hams simplex (direct radio to radio, no repeater used), consider installing a mobile station in your vehicle or putting a mobile-base unit in your home with higher power output than the handheld. Go For It!  I hope this information has cleared up some of the typical confusion about how to get your ham radio license. Some states have a rule that you have to have IP for a week or so before you can take the road test.
I want to get a Colorado ID or drivers license, how long does it last for international students before renewal?
Just know that a walk-in road test can't be guaranteed, especially when there are long lines. The state will run a safety inspection and also check that your car properly insured, your registration is current and that your license plate (tag) is valid and not expired. Imagine you going to a Jet Ski place and they asked for picture ID, you give your passport: “ Do you expect the passport not to get wet ?  What if the passport slips and gets into water ?
If it gets lost, stolen, or damaged – you will have a hard time getting a replacement. The FCC is the federal governing body overseeing the Amateur Radio Service, known colloquially as ham radio. The Technician License Class is the introductory level license and it must be earned first.
A pool of exam questions has been established for each license class, and your examination will be comprised of questions drawn from the question pool.
That is, after reading the question you select the correct answer as A, B, C, or D response.
The exams are administered across the US by Volunteer Examiners (VEs) who have become certified and are sanctioned by the FCC to maintain the question pools and to conduct examinations. In more populated areas of the US there may be multiple exam sessions offered each month by various ham radio clubs or at ham radio events. I’ll also comment on taking classroom offerings and getting the support of an experienced ham.
We have produced our books and supporting web and app materials so that you can easily learn radio concepts while simultaneously preparing for the VE exam.
The contrast between the brainless memorizer and the “Really get it!” new ham is stark and obvious. Finding a good Elmer can be a huge advantage for rapidly moving ahead with your amateur radio acumen.
In simple terms, radio signals wiggle back-and-forth with electric fields and magnetic fields as they fly rapidly from antenna to antenna.
The FM radio dial in your car radio represents the commercial frequency band of 88 MHz to 108 MHz, and you can tune your radio across that band to any of the stations transmitting within it. These are two different operating modes, amplitude modulation (AM) and frequency modulation (FM). The mode is the method that is used to get information into, and back out of, the radio wave.
You may want to reference the US Amateur Radio Bands chart from the ARRL as we examine each license class transmit privilege.
These are in the broad categories of radio frequencies termed Very High Frequency (VHF), Ultra High Frequency (UHF), and even higher microwave frequencies. With an antenna on a high mast you may expect to transmit and receive a distance of several miles, depending upon terrain.
These Technician frequency bands may also be used to communicate long distances via satellites orbiting the earth that repeat amateur radio signals hundreds of miles, and even to contact astronauts on the International Space Station! You maintain all of the Technician Class privileges, so the expansion of bands and modes is among the HF frequencies.
The General Class license privileges are maintained, but the entire range of each allocated band is accessible to the Extra Class licensee. In order to transmit voice on the HF bands you will probably want to have a transceiver with single sideband mode. Get a radio and set up some channels, find the local repeaters, get involved with a club, maybe install a station in your car or put a base antenna up for better performance.  There is no shortage of things to do!
I recommend that you start with a handheld FM transceiver for 2-meter band (VHF) and for 70-centimeter band (UHF). If you are in range of a repeater, monitor the repeater and listen to the character of the exchanges. More involved projects like this will help to develop your knowledge and skills in radio, but they will also open up new operating domains for you that the HT may not have afforded. This is not an exhaustive treatment of things for a newbie to be aware of, nor is it alone likely to be sufficient to quench your hunger for knowledge. You will understand ham radio, you will ace your exam, and you will be an impressive new operator. Depending on state, you go  a DMV office (Department of Motor vehicles) or DPS office (Department of Public Safety). Some states do not have the rule and they waive it if you have international driving license.
If you use glasses,  they put it on your driving license saying “Restrictions :Corrective lenses”. In my view, they may ask you for the new passport at least as a form of your identification. Should i apply for 24 months Extension?Do we have to travel to India immediately after H1b Extension?Was my case picked up in lottery? What if you go to bar and lose the passport in Bar after getting drunk ?”.  It is much harder to get a new passport.


It can be a fun technical hobby, a way to provide community service, or an important facet of family emergency preparedness. The General License Class is an intermediate license level that may be earned after Technician Class. The FCC license grants you the privilege of transmitting on a range of frequencies that have been allocated specifically for use by the Amateur Radio Service. The VEs are licensed hams who volunteer their time and service to administer the examinations and help others become licensed. In less densely populated areas the offerings may be less frequent and you may have to travel a bit to attend. You can obtain a FRN by registering with the FCC in advance of your VE session. FCC registration info here. Cell phone calculators are not allowable, and phones should be silenced or turned off during the exam.
It is quite literally 2-for-1, more bang for the buck, greater benefit for the time allotted to preparation. Dedicate yourself to actually learning something while you practice the exam questions and you will be a much happier beginning Technician. Some of them offer tremendous depth well beyond the knowledge required to pass the exam and to get started operating, and often involve a very tough read for beginners.
Having an instructor present to answer your specific questions and to show you radios, antennas, cables, and components is a big advantage.
Finding the right Elmer for you can sometimes be a challenge, but engaging a local ham radio club can often provide fertile hunting grounds.
The FCC has allocated many such bands for Amateur Radio Service use within the vast radio frequency spectrum. The difference between the two is the way that information is encoded into the radio signals.
You can use these bands for voice modes including AM and FM, and you may use these bands for digital and Morse Code signals. High frequency signals can reflect from a layer of the earth’s atmosphere called the ionosphere and travel well over the horizon, even around the globe. You may operate on large segments of every amateur band allocated by the FCC, and you may use voice modes on each HF band where it is at all allowed (7 HF bands), making voice contacts great distances with ionospheric skip propagation provided by HF. This includes the use of Extra Class exclusive band segments for voice transmissions and for digital mode segments. It offers clear, relatively noise free audio that keeps the operations simple and mostly trouble free. These are two very popular bands and you will find most repeaters utilizing these frequency ranges. Common language is used extensively in most circles, but you’ll hear a few jargon terms thrown in. You’re sure to be welcomed into the ham community and those other operators will help you by answering questions and making recommendations. There is indeed a great beyond after your initial foray into ham radio, and I’ll bet you will have fun exploring, learning, and becoming a knowledgeable and competent operator!
I am still residing in Austin,Tx and gave adult license test online in Texas but now my new i20 has university in Arkansas because I transferred. You may enjoy the local on-air social community, the excitement of international radio contacts, or the challenge of operating from the field or mountaintop with portable equipment. As you move up in license class from Technician to General to Extra Class the range of frequencies on which you may transmit is expanded, with the Extra Class license granting full utilization of all Amateur Radio Service frequencies. As of this writing, the last Technician Class question pool revision was affected July 1, 2014 and it will be valid until June 30, 2018.
You can search for upcoming listed and scheduled VE exam sessions at the web sites of the American Radio Relay League (ARRL), or you can find the contact information for a volunteer examiner in your state with the W5YI organization, at the URLs below. If you are going to spend the time in preparation to get your ham radio license, you might as well actually learn while you’re at it! Investigate any local clubs in your area, attend a few meetings, meet the hams and inquire about classes, learning, and Elmering. The most commonly radio frequencies a new Technician Class licensee will use are expressed in millions of cycles (millions of wiggles) per second, or in hundreds of millions of cycles per second.
These are the ham bands, and depending upon its band a signal will behave with different traveling characteristics, or propagation.
With AM the power (amplitude) of a radio waveform is altered to carry a signal such as audio voice information. A repeater station receives your signal and retransmits it, usually at higher power and from greater elevation than your own station allows. A Technician may transmit voice mode on one of these HF bands (10 meter band) and may transmit Morse Code on four HF bands, making radio contacts with amateur radio operators in other countries around the world.
Additionally, you are allowed to use Morse Code and digital signal modes in each of eight HF bands, with similar around-the-world propagation potential.
It is the most popular voice transmission mode on those over-the-horizon, long distance communication HF bands. There are so many complexities that can kick in.  You really do not want to get into any of these risks. A room of five ham radio operators will hold at least a dozen opinions on the best methods. You may relish building your own circuits and antennas, experimenting with digital communication modes, or learning and mentoring others in their own efforts to become amateur radio operators. But the introductory Technician Class license offers a fantastic set of frequency capabilities right from the git-go!
The question pools are released to the public for the development of study materials and for individual examinee study and practice. Our books and other products provide easy-to-digest explanations and truly prepare you for the exam while instilling good introductory knowledge of amateur radio.
The unit of frequency in ‘cycles per second’ is called hertz, and millions of cycles per second is megahertz (MHz).
With FM the transmitted frequency is rapidly varied (the wiggle rate) to carry similar information of a voice or music signal. Using local repeaters on VHF and UHF bands you may be able to communicate many dozens or even hundreds of miles. Most modern FM transceivers can be outfitted for digital mode operations as well, transmitting position reports from a GPS receiver, or email, files, and text messages from a computer interface. It is very common for a ham to upgrade to a multimode transceiver upon upgrading to the General Class license since the phone mode privilege on HF bands is greatly expanded. I think it is best to start with a very basic HT, one without lots of confusing bells and whistles or special features, and therefore usually not too expensive. No matter your initial motivation, I hope you will explore at least a few of the multiple facets that ham radio offers, learning and growing your expertise along the way. In addition to voice modes such as SSB, a multimode transceiver will usually provide for Morse Code ops (more commonly known as continuous wave operations, or ‘CW’) and computer interfacing for various digital modes. Choosing and setting up a first radio is where an Elmer or club connection really becomes convenient for the new ham.



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