Universal Church of Freedom Acceptance and Love - Ken's ReverendismsIn the interest of trying to do things better I want to start a blog page. A great profit was made by the merchant ships that returned to the Italian port cities of Venice, Pisa, and Genoa filled with the greatly sought-after goods from Asia. In addition to Venice, Genoa developed into a major port city for ships that carried the new goods to the rest of Europe. According to the accounts published years later by Marco Polo, son of Niccolo, arriving in China in 1265 A.D. They also brought back from the Khan a request to the pope for 100 Christian missionaries to teach the Chinese the Christian faith. In their travels along the Silk Road, the Polos saw many strange animals, heard numerous strange languages, tasted exotic foods, and experienced other sights in a long and difficult three-year trip eastward.
Whether or not Marco embellished his stories with exaggeration, he recorded that the Khan took a strong liking to the young Venetian and sent him on many official tours of his vast kingdom as his representative on commercial and political business. They left China in an entourage of 14 ships and 600 people, most to serve the princess and to impress her new husband. While in prison Marco dictated to another prisoner an account of his travels and experiences in the advanced civilization of the Yuan Dynasty. The account, published under the title, Il Milione, was widely read in Europe and stimulated an even greater interest in the wonders of the Far East. An extensive world of trade had existed in the Indian Ocean for centuries, to the virtual exclusion of Europe. Although trade and travel between China and Europe existed even during the Roman Empire, the rise in power of the Ottoman and Persian empires from the 12th century on made travel and trade increasingly difficult for the Europeans.
The Persians, as was the case also with the Ottomans, extracted heavy taxes from merchants traveling through their territories. The Ottoman interference in the Mediterranean threatened the commercial survival of Venice, Genoa, and Milan. Of great concern was the increasing blockage of the important slave trade that existed between the Mongols in the Balkans and Eastern Europe who were shipping European slaves to Africa and the Middle East.
A new religious fervor spread throughout Europe in reaction to the rapid expansion of Islam into North Africa and the Christian Balkans. A whole generation of young, highly trained soldiers in Spain, after the defeat of the Moors was completed in 1492, were looking for new campaigns.
New technology in ship building created faster, sleeker ships (the caravel), the sternpost rudder which made steering ships much more accurate and easy, arming of ships with the new canon, the magnetic compass, the astrolabe (which enabled captains to plot their travel using latitudinal and longitudinal readings), and more accurate charting methods drove the desire of Europeans to new areas of exploration.
The bankruptcy of Spain caused by the long campaign to drive the Moors from Spain, made exploration to find new routes to the Spice Islands and new deposits of gold and silver necessary.
The loss of financial revenue in Portugal, the leading merchant fleet linking the Spice Islands to Europe, due to the new Ottoman dominance in the Indian Ocean forced new alternatives to be obtained.
And when these factors resulted in two actual, successful trips to be achieved in 1429 A.D. They traded porcelain, lacquerware, silk, and cotton in exchange for gold, silver, and ivory.
Had the Chinese emperors in the 15th century continued in their quest to develop world trade, the history of the world would be radically different. However, increasing pressure from the Mongols to the north diverted the attention of the emperors away from trade expansion to defense of the dynasty, and Chinese naval explorations inexplicably ceased. The Ottoman Empire relied upon Greek sailors and captains from Ottoman-controlled Greece to conduct most of their sea trade during the 15th and 16th centuries. They found something other than shipping to be much more profitable -- the capture of ships, crews, captains and cargo. Their piracy continued on into the 18th century when the Barbary pirates were finally defeated by the fledgling navy of the United States under President Thomas Jefferson. From the 15th century onward ships sailed from Europe in search of not only new routes to Asia, but also to find the cities of gold that were featured in the fables of European sailors.
The Dutch sailed successfully around the tip of Africa into Asian waters and there they competed with the Portuguese and English for control of the spice trade. The Dutch also made a brief attempt to colonize North America where they founded New Amsterdam (now New York), but were soon driven out by the English. The Portuguese were the first to find a route around the tip of Africa to India and then to Asia. To settle the conflict between the two Catholic countries, Pope Alexander VI in May 1493 drew an imaginary line down the middle of the Atlantic Ocean 480 km (298.25 miles) west of the Cape Verde Islands.
At the time of Alexandera€™s initial intervention, little land in the Americas had been discovered or explored.
The major sponsor and encourager of the Portuguese explorations was Prince Henry the Navigator (1394-1460), son of the Portuguese king. With Henrya€™s funding and encouragement over 50 expeditions were sent out, including Vasco da Gama, who in 1498 became the first European to sail around the tip of Africa to India. Several enduring Portuguese colonies were established in Brazil (where the national language is still Portuguese), the Spice Islands (Portuguese East Timor), Macao (a neighbor of Hong Kong), the Portuguese Azores, and the African colonies of Portuguese Angola and Mozambique. England under Queen Elizabeth I developed an expansive trade and exploration campaign, supported by the worlda€™s largest and most powerful navy. One of Elizabetha€™s favorites at the royal court was Sir Walter Raleigh, a daring sea captain who consistently thwarted and badgered the Spanish by seizing Spanish galleons filled with gold and silver on their way to Spain from the colonies in Peru and Bolivia. One hundred years earlier John Cabot, a Venetian seaman and explorer, sailed under the sponsorship of King Henry VII, Elizabetha€™s grandfather.
His son, Sebastian Cabot, was later commissioned to find a Northwest Passage through present-day Canada to the Orient. Sir Francis Drake (1545-1596) was selected by Queen Elizabeth to lead a sailing expedition around the world.
John Cook was a late 18th century English explorer and navigator who sailed three times to the Orient, was the first European to touch Australiaa€™s eastern shore, discovered many Pacific islands, and was the first to sail around present-day New Zealand. During his travels, Cook created the first accurate maps of the Pacific Ocean and the first accurate maps of the coastlands of Europe.
Under Queen Elizabeth I and James I, the first English colonies in the New World were established. Queen Elizabeth I also founded the East India Company in 1600 for the purpose of developing trade with the Dutch East Indies. The Italian, da Verrazano, sailing under the French flag was the first European to locate the bay of New York, reaching it in 1524.
In 1603 Samuel de Champlain explored the Saint Lawrence River, traveled south into New England, and in 1609 established the colony of Quebec in the newly formed New France.
By the early 17th century French fur trappers and missionaries traveled as far west as Wyoming, established bases throughout the Great Lakes region, including present-day Chicago and Michigan, and conducted fur-trade along the Mississippi River as far south as present-day New Orleans, establishing there an important trade base and French colony. About a century later, France was defeated by Britain in the Seven Yearsa€™ War (1754-1763), known to Americans as the French and Indian War. The last chapter of the Reconquista was written in 1492 when the last of the Moors were driven from Grenada in southern Spain. The article below, a€?Why Did Columbus Sail?,a€? further points out the major events of 1492 in Spain. In 1492, six years before Vasco da Gama of Portugal made his historic trip around the tip of Africa to India, opening up a new sea route to Asia, a sea captain from Genoa, Italy, Christopher Columbus, was commissioned by the king and queen of Spain to explore a new route westward to the Spice Islands. From childhood he was fascinated by the sea and dreamed of becoming a sailor--maybe even one day becoming the captain of his own ship! When he was about twenty years of age, his dream of going to sea was finally realized and saw many different peoples and lands on his voyages around the Mediterranean. After escaping a pirate attack at sea, Columbus settled in the Portuguese city of Lisbon, Europe`s most important center of world navigation. After his marriage to a Portuguese woman, and fathering several children, Columbus became convinced he could reach Asia by sailing westward from Europe across the Atlantic Ocean. A fervent Christian, Columbus also had a burning passion to evangelize peoples along his route to Asia.
Columbus took his plan to Henry VII of England, Francis I of Spain, to the king of Portugal, and was turned down by all three monarchs. Three swift ships were purchased and stocked with supplies for the voyage -- the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria.
For the rest of his life Columbus believed that he had landed on perimeter islands of either India or a€?Cathaya€? (the 15th century name for China). Columbus on this first trip to the New World visited numerous nearby islands, including Cuba, which he made his main base of operations and center of the new colony established.
Why does history say that Columbus a€?discovereda€? the New World, when other peoples had already inhabited North and South America for thousands of years before his a€?discoverya€?? The a€?Ba€? people, however, came to South America probably from Japan and the South Pacific islands via boats. And to complicate the matter further, a fifth haplogroup, labeled a€?X,a€? has been identified, and a€?Xa€? is not found anywhere in Asia!
Recent finds in Oregon (2012) also have located a distinct, heretofore unknown, people who migrated into North America along land bridges that connected Siberia to North America during the Ice Age. Other finds also point to early arrivals in Latin America that pre-date the arrival of migratory peoples from Asia. A skull was found in 1999 in South-Central Brazil by archeologists and numerous skeletons in a nearby burial site that seem to indicated that these were people with Negroid features.
Therefore, the settling of North and South America probably was done in numerous waves of migration into the two continents and from different places in Asia and perhaps the South Pacific and even Europe. If you are interested in DNA studies and current thinking about how and when the ancestors of the Native Americans came to the Americas, see the following articles and videos.
If Columbus was a€?the first Europeana€? to have a€?discovereda€? the Americas, why are they called the a€?Americasa€? and not the a€?Columbiasa€?? Between 1497 and 1507 an Italian explorer, Amerigo Vespucci, made six trips to South America. Although his actually landings were few and brief, he later recounted his journeys to a friend, Lorenzo de Medici, who was so fascinated by the stories that he personally published what became very popular and widely-read accounts. The anti-Columbus authors point to the introduction of European diseases into the Americas that decimated whole populations of original inhabitants, that Columbus seized slaves, not only to work for the Spanish but were sent back to Spain for exhibit much as one would an animal, and that he ruled over the new colony as a despot.
Political correctness tends to see any claims by any particular religion to be a€?the only waya€? to be absolutist and arrogant.
Furthermore, the argument goes, Columbus opened the door to centuries of ill-treatment of the Meso-Americans, as they were to be referred to rather than the supposedly demeaning term a€?Indian.a€? The ill-treatment continued not only through the later Spanish conquistadors, but also through the American settlement of the West and the disruption of the native American cultures. And so, his detractors maintain, Columbus stands for everything that went wrong as a result of the invasion by Europeans into the Americas. There were no existing university courses or books available on a€?how to best contact a foreign culturea€? or a€?how to best evangelize another people.a€? Columbus and the Spanish put into practice what was common to all European nations at the time. European diseases carried by explorers into the New World was hardly a planned attack on the native population, since there was no knowledge in that day about germs or how contagions developed. The Spanish and Columbus viewed themselves as possessors of a superior Christian culture who had an obligation to treat the native inhabitants more as children to be protected and instructed than as slaves. Columbus showed a great compassion for the peoples he encountered and saw his trips as designed by God for their evangelism. Columbus did sign an agreement with the monarchs of Spain which guaranteed him 10% of the profits from not only his own trips but for all those that followed. The entry of Columbus into the New World opened two continents to European and Asian cultures, civilizations, technologies, medicine, trade, and eventually united an entire southern American continent with one language. The next morning, Friday, August 3, 1492, at dawn, the Santa MarA­a and its companion caravels caught the ebb tide and drifted toward the gulf. In that Ocean of Darkness, some feared, the water boiled and sea monsters gulped down sailors so foolish as to sail there.
Commander Cristoforo Colombo (as he was known in his hometown of Genoa, Italy) was taller than most men; so tall, in fact, he couldna€™t stand inside his cabin on the Santa MarA­a.
The textbook answer, as any schoolchild could recite, is that Columbus wanted to find a trade route to the Orient.
Columbus was visibly and verbally a€?an exceptionally pious man,a€? writes historian Delno C. His son Ferdinand wrote, a€?He was so strict in matters of religion that for fasting and saying prayers he might have been taken for a member of a religious order.a€? He knew his Vulgate Bible thoroughly, and he probably took it (or a collection of Scriptures) on his voyages. A main source for information about Columbus is his contemporary Bishop Bartolome de Las Casas.
But only in the last 40 yearsa€”and particularly in the last 10 have scholars examined Columbusa€™s religious motivations. But why explain away his intense religious devotion, when it was obvious to those who knew him and persistent throughout his writings? On September 23, the ship hit a calm, causing the seamen to complain theya€™d never be able to get back to Spain.
At daylight, the wide-eyed Europeans saw people a€?as naked as their mother bore thema€? and many ponds, fruits, and green trees.
Las Casas agreed that a€?Columbus showed the way to the discovery of immense territoriesa€? and many peoples a€?are now ready and prepared to be brought to the knowledge of their Creator and the faith.a€? As a sign of that work, on every island he explored, Columbus erected a large wooden cross.
After ten weeks of exploring the coastline of Cuba and Hispaniola, continually trading trinkets for gold, Columbus and his men hit a problem. But what most would have viewed as a calamity, Columbus did not: a€?It was a great blessing and the express purpose of Goda€? that his ship ran aground so he would leave some of his men. Although the words are recorded only indirectly, God spoke to Columbus and assured him that God would take him to safety. The next day Columbusa€™s men spotted an island in the Azores; less than three weeks later they landed triumphantly on the Iberian peninsula.
When Columbus anchored the NiA±a in Palos, seven months after hea€™d left, shops closed and church bells rang. According to Las Casas, a€?The King and Queen heard [Columbusa€™s report] with profound attention and, raising their hands in prayer, sank to their knees in deep gratitude to God.
Columbus thought that Ferdinand and Isabella were Goda€™s chosen instruments to recapture Jerusalem and place the Holy City under Christian control. As soon as Columbus had returned to Spain, he told Ferdinand and Isabella he would provide 50,000 soldiers and 4,000 horses for them to free Christa€™s Holy Tomb in Jerusalem. But much to Columbusa€™s disappointment, the longed-for crusade to recapture the Holy City was never undertaken. In 1499, he said, a€?When all had abandoned me, I was assailed by the Indians and the wicked Christians the Spanish settlers who were rebelling against his inept administration]. In 1518 Carlos of Spain, who was to become Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire, signed an agreement to sponsor a journey by Magellan to seek a route around the world, but primarily a route to the Spice Islands in the East Indies from the Pacific side, so as to avoid the confrontations with Islamic pirates in the Mediterranean.
His journey around the tip of South America and across the uncharted Pacific Ocean included many dangerous and threatening situations and his crew threatened mutiny on numerous occasions.
Several weeks later Magellana€™s crew continued their trip west, eventually visited the Spice Islands, and then continued their journey westward to Europe.
Ponce de Leon in 1513 explored the east coast of Florida for Spain in search for gold and what was rumored to be the fountain of youth. Vasco de Balboa in 1513 sailed along the northern coast of South America, and landed in present-day Central America. Hernan Cortes in 1519 landed on the coast of present-day Mexico with a small band of 600 men. The introduction of European diseases whcih wiped out a vast majority of the native people, the introduction of guns, and mounted soldiers on horseback with their war dogs, resulted in a speedy and complete conquest of the Aztec Empire and surrounding tribes. Francisco Pizarro in 1531 set out from Central America with only 200 soldiers to locate the rumored Inca Empire. The gold and silver from Peru and Bolivia filled the Spanish treasuries with immense wealth and created the numerous routes between South America and Spain. De Soto landed at present-day Bradenton, Florida, just south of Tampa, and began his journey northward. De Soto traveled up the present-day Route US 10 to Tallahassee, Florida where he made camp for about a year. The survivors eventually decided to attempt to reach Mexico City, first by foot, and then, returning to the shores of the Mississippi, to build rafts to sail down the river, into the Gulf , and on to Mexico City.
He then continued to the west until he reached the Mississippi River, the first European to reach that river.
Viceroys: Spanish elite who were appointed by the monarchy to run the five separate regions of New Spain. Creoles: people born in the colonies to Spanish parents, and considered inferior or a€?hicksa€? by the colonists who came to the colonies from Spain.
Native Americans: these people had little freedom or were forced into labor on plantations and in mines.
Their appeals for change were heard by many, but the change that was instituted was not a response of Christian compassion and love for those they sought to convert, but was rather the decision to ease their work load by bringing into the colonies a larger work force. The clergy fired back with accusations against the viceroys and peninsulares--that they could not care less about the souls of the native Americans and threw them aside when ill or dead as one would trash. Native Americans and African slaves both occupied the very bottom of the social chain in Spaina€™s Ecomienda.
De Sotoa€™s expedition contributed to the founding of what became known as the Columbian Exchange, the exchange of people, animals, foods, plants, and technology between Europe and the New Spain (the Americas).
From Europe and Africa pigs, horses, goats, sugar cane, paper, guns, and technology crossed the Atlantic to the America. The introduction of corn and potatoes into Europe produced a fairly rapid growth in population, which had declined because of the a€?Little Ice Agea€? that began around 1350 A.D.
Sugar beets and sugar cane that came to the America from India with Columbus, soon became a huge industry in the Americas, especially in the Caribbean. Beyond a new commercial exchange between Europe and Africa and the Americas, the gold and silver flowing to Spain opened up new and expanded doors for trade across the Pacific with the Ming Dynasty in China (whose economic system was based on gold and silver) and with the Spice Islands of the Philippines and Indonesia. In Africa the Portuguese had established economic ties with strong African kings who provided the Portuguese with large numbers of conquered slaves.
As has been the case throughout human history, in general, the treatment of the native and African workers was brutal, harsh, and inhumane. And Islam was presented with a major problem in Africa in a dispute between the Muslim missionaries and Muslim slave traders. Therefore, Islamic trade traders justified their behavior in Africa by declaring the tribal groups living south of an arbitrary line drawn across the African continent as sub-humans, pagans eligible for death or slavery!
For this reason, today the continent of Africa is composed of a solidly Islamic north and a majority Christian south where the conversion rate to Christianity is progressing faster than the birth rate. The system of joint stock companies emerged, in which merchants and investors pooled their resources, sold stock in the new companies, reduced the risk to individual investors, and made available vast amounts of working capital for investments in mining and agriculture, as well as the many ships required to transport goods. A new population of middle class merchants arose, acting as middle men in the new system of trade.
The Massachusetts Bay Colony, and the colonies planted at Plymouth and Jamestown were all made possible by joint stock companies, who expected a return on their investments through new trade for goods and natural resources with the native peoples and the colonists in those areas.
By 1510 50% of all silver from the mines in Bolivia were being shipped to India to purchase tea and cotton and to China for silk and porcelain. Contacts between Europe and Asia--especially China, the Spice Islands, and India--greatly increased in the late 13th century, producing important merchant cities in Venice, Milan, Genoa, Lisbon, and Madrid. Formerly most trade routes were overland, but beginning with the 13th century naval shipping became the major means of trade. The Persians, Ottomans, and North African Muslims, through harassment, heavy import and export taxes, and seizing of cargo forced Europeans to find new routes to Asia.
Between 1450-1650 several countries became leaders in naval shipping: China, Portugal, Spain, the Netherlands, England, and France, and others, like India and Italy, served as middle men in the expanded trade. New technologies in the construction of ships and navigation instruments made long sea journeys possible.
The Treaty of Tordesilla in 1491 was negotiated by Pope Alexander VI between Portugal and Spain in an attempt to settle their growing dispute over creating trade routes to the Spice Islands. Prince Henry the Navigator encouraged and funding trade between Portugal and others countries and continents, leading to new routes to India and the Spice Islands, as well as opening the door to trafficking in slaves from Africa.
Queen Elizabeth and James I were English monarchs who sponsored a great growth in naval power, shipping, and establishing colonies in the New World. Christopher Columbus in 1492 was the first European to set foot in the New World since early attempts by the Norsemen in the 9th and 10th centuries. Columbus was commissioned by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella in 1492 to find a new sea route westward to the Spice Islands. Columbus was a Christian who desired to reach unknown people groups with the Gospel of Christ. The Americas were named for Amerigo Vespucci, an Italian explorer who sailed six times to the east coast of South America and made fairly accurate maps of the coastline. Ferdinand Magella sailed for Portugal in 1519, successfully made his way around the tip of Africa, across the Pacific, and although he, himself, died in the Philippines, his crew continued the trip westward to Portugal, arriving in 1521, the first known humans to circle the earth by ship. Other Spanish explorers claimed vast areas of North and South America for Spain and established the Columbian Exchange between Europe, Africa, and New Spain.
Large gold and silver deposits in New Spain created great wealth in Spain, but ultimately led to its economic decline.
The rapid expansion of shipping, plantation building, and trade produced a new system of joint stock companies to fund the new ventures. Explain the reasons for and the success of the Ottoman Empire in restricting European trade with Asia. Describe the cultural and military collision between the Spanish and the Aztec and the Inca empires and analyze why these empires collapsed. Explain the founding and organization of Spanish and Portuguese colonial empires in the Americas and assess the role of the Catholic Church in the colonial administration and policies regarding indigenous populations.
Assess ways in which the exchange of plants and animals around the world in the late 15th and the 16th centuries affected European, Asian, African, and American Indian societies and commerce.
Analyze why the introduction of new diseases in the Americas after 1492 had such devastating demographic and social effects on American Indian populations, not only in South America but also in Florida and the Caribbean. Assess the effects that knowledge of the peoples, cultures, geography, and natural environment of the Americas had on European religious and intellectual life. How did the Crusades and the Renaissance open up Europe for an awakened interest in other lands? What light, fast vessel was popular with the early explorers of the late fifteenth century? What were maps and other navigational aids like during this period, and how did sailors find their way? What is not found in the textbook: the motivation of Ferdinand and Isabella to fund the voyage by Columbus during the two years prior to 1492 Ferdinand and Isabella has used all their resources to drive the remaining Islamic forces and citizens from Spain. According to the author of the textbook, why had Europeans not discovered the New World sooner?
By the time Magellan was ready to begin his journey in 1519, what had everyone realized about Columbusa€™ earlier trip? Tell the story of what happened when Magellan with his remaining crew finally reached the Philippine Islands.
Tell the story of the miraculous healing of the chief of the island on which Magellan landed. Currency, will receive a copy of PILGRIMS' SONGS, together with THE CIRCULAR, for one year from Dec. The camp of poll frontrunner Davao City Mayor Rodrigo Duterte  welcomed on Thursday the endorsement of the influential Iglesia Ni Cristo of his presidential bid. Lavina issued the statement after the INC, known for its bloc voting, backed Duterte for president. In the latest surveys, Duterte maintained a wide lead over his rivals about a week before election day. He was referring to the final Laylo pre-elections survey conducted from April 27 to May 1 where Poe received 25 percent preference votes, which is said to be in a virtual tie with former Interior Secretary Mar Roxas, who received 22 percent votes.
Vice President Jejomar Binay was fourth in the survey with 15 percent while Senator Miriam Defensor-Santiago was fifth with two percent.
SYDNEY, Australia — Australia’s most wanted ISIS terror suspect, who was linked to several attacks on home soil, has been killed in a US air strike in Iraq, Canberra said on Thursday. The death of Neil Prakash is considered significant by Australian and American authorities because of his highly prominent and influential role as a senior recruiter for the jihadist group.
Attorney General George Brandis said Washington had told Canberra that Prakash was killed in Mosul, Iraq, on April 29. American authorities also told the government that Australian woman Shadi Jabar Khalil Mohammad died in a similar air strike near the Syrian city of Al Bab on April 22, along with her Sudanese husband.
She was the sister of Farhad Jabar, a 15-year-old who shot dead police employee Curtis Cheng in Sydney last October. Prakash, who left Australia in 2013 and was known as Abu Khaled al-Cambodi, was linked to an alleged terror plot on Anzac Day last year, when Australia honors its war dead. He has also appeared in ISIS propaganda videos, including one last year calling for attacks on Australia.
Australia has long been concerned about home-grown extremism and raised the terror threat alert level to high in September 2014. At least six attacks have been foiled on Australian soil over the past 18 months, according to the government. In this May 7, 2013, file photo, Russian S-400 air defense missile systems make their way through Red Square during a rehearsal for the Victory Day military parade in Moscow, Russia. MOSCOW, Russia — Russia’s defense minister said Wednesday that Moscow will set up three new divisions in the west and south of the country by the end of the year to counter NATO forces close to its border.
Relations between NATO and Russia have deteriorated since Moscow annexed the Crimea region of Ukraine and eastern European countries are worried that they too might be targets of Russian aggression.
Relations further worsened over Moscow’s air campaign in Syria and tensions have flared in the past month after incidents involving the US military and Russian planes in the Baltic Sea. BATANGAS CITY, Philippines – An ally of presidential frontrunner Rodrigo ‘Rody’ Duterte said on May 4 that she will try to change the latter’s pro-coal position if he does win the presidency.
Balmes, who is seeking the mayoralty post, said she will do this both as a member of PDP-Laban and of the Green Thumb Coalition, which was formed by 40 local organizations in February to promote environmental protection as an election issue.  Balmes said she believes Duterte is open to establishing a timeline for a transition from coal-fired power plants to renewable energy as he did support environmental protection in other aspects. Duterte got an overall rating of 56.77 percent in the Green thumb scorecard, clinching commendable scores on the issues of mining (61 percent) and people-centered sustainable development (74 percent).
Duterte, who has been topping the polls for the highest position in the land, has declared the call from the international community to stop sourcing energy from coal as “hypocrisy.”  Various countries including major carbon emitters such as China and the United States have pushed for a global transition to renewable energy following the adoption of the Paris Agreement in 2015. The agreement, which has been signed by 175 countries including the Philippines on April 22, 2016 mandates developed and developing nations to drastically reduce their greenhouse gas emissions in order to limit the global temperature to well below 2 degrees Celsius to as far as 1.5 degrees Celsius relative to pre-industrial levels. Failure to do so could trigger extreme and slow-onset weather events such as typhoons and sea level rise, some of the effects of climate change. Environmental and partylist groups, however, have raised that it is the Philippines, particularly under the administration of President Benigno Aquino III, which displayed hypocrisy after the government approved 27 more coal-fired power plants amidst the pronouncements it made for stronger and more urgent actions to mitigate climate change during the 21st Conference of Parties in Paris, France.
Ian Rivera, national coordinator of the Philippine Movement for Climate Justice, said the new set of local and national leaders to be elected on May 9must thumb down the 27 other proposed coal-fired power plants, one of which is the 600-megawatt coal plant of JG Summit Holdings in Brgy. Balmes said rejecting the proposed coal plant project in Pinamucan will be her priority if ever she wins as mayor of Batangas city.
The proposed coal-fired power plant in Pinamucan will not be the first one to operate in Batangas if ever it is given the green light, however.  AC Energy Holdings Inc.
The Lipa Archdiocesan Ministry on Environment has led the call for the junking of the proposed coal-fired power plant. Archbishop Ramon Arguelles said that those who will lead the country must stop the use of coal-fired power plants because they emit greenhouse gases, which cause climate change. The Archdiocese of Lipa was joined by 10,000 people in its “Piglas Batangas!Piglas Pilipinas” campaign against coal held on May 4. In a crowded field of presidential candidates, the pre-election survey front runner has firmed up his lead, in the final Standard Poll conducted from April 27 to May 1. Vice President Jejomar Binay’s standing in the poll continued to deteriorate, with a voter preference rating of 15 percent, down from 18 percent in the March 26-April 1 survey and from 23 percent in the Feb 24-Mar 1 poll. A VIDEO showing what happens when millennials meet martial law victims is going viral, logging more than a million views within 18 hours of being uploaded. Posted on Facebook, the four-minute video by the group Campaign Against the Return of the Marcoses to Malacanang (Carmma), shows voters aged 19 to 22 being asked by an older interviewer what they know about martial law.
One young woman replied that she heard “people were disciplined and followed the law,” and there was a curfew.
All of them said they were in favor of martial law imposed by the late strongman Ferdinand Marcos.
The video has received more than a million views, 45,000 shares and more than 3,000 comments within 18 hours of being uploaded. Ilagan said that even if the younger Marcos had nothing to do with martial law, the fact that his electoral campaign featured “whitewashing of the sins of his father” was one reason to campaign against him.
11 PASSBOOKS Presidential candidate Rodrigo Duterte shows 11 passbooks but only allows media to take a peek. At a press conference in Manila, the trash-talking mayor did not show all and merely presented selected contents of his bank accounts. He presented bank statements for the questionable dollar and peso accounts at the Bank of the Philippine Islands (BPI) branch on Julia Vargas Avenue in Pasig City. One bank certificate issued by BPI on March 3, 2016, said the joint account of Duterte and daughter Sara Z. Duterte’s aide, Bong Go, showed the passbook, which showed that the balance increased to P128,829.64 because several supporters made deposits in the account after it was made public.
According to another bank certificate, the account had only P17,816.98 as of March 31, 2014, three days after Duterte, as alleged by Trillanes, accepted P197 million.
Duterte showed the bank statements for his dollar account that rival Liberal Party standard-bearer Mar Roxas earlier tried depositing $10 in the account to prove it existence. The Davao City mayor showed a transaction history of his dollar account, which as of April 30, 2016, contained a balance of $5,065.33, including the $10 deposit that a staffer of Roxas had made. Trillanes accused Duterte of accepting several cash deposits totaling P193.7 million in the mayor’s bank account at the BPI Julia Vargas branch on his 69th birthday on March 28, 2014. Duterte dodged the question why he would not present the transaction history earlier than March 31, 2014, saying BPI refused to issue a certification. The mayor said Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas and the Anti-Money Laundering Council would be guilty of criminal negligence should Trillanes’ allegation that his bank accounts had P2.4 billion worth of transactions in 2006-205 was proven true.
At the press conference, Duterte defended  his decision to accept from Pastor Apollo Quiboloy gifts, which included properties and a car, saying he had never meddled with Davao City’s business transactions. The mayor claimed the pastor had been his longtime friend ever since he was a state prosecutor. Duterte told reporters he would never accept gifts from other people except Quiboloy, who owns a media outfit, a school and other properties in Davao. PRESIDENT Aquino on Tuesday said he would not allow his father’s death and those of other martial law victims to be in vain with the possible return of an iron-hand rule as Davao City Mayor Rodrigo Duterte, styling himself as a strongman in the election campaign, continues to be the popular choice among the electorate.
The President gave almost the same speech in Digos City, Davao del Sur, yesterday afternoon, urging voters not to take lightly Duterte’s statements and scrutinize them. Among these, the President said, were statements wherein Duterte said he could not be impeached because he would first abolish Congress, as well as his dismissive attitude towards the laws of the land and his declaration that he would order the killing of criminals as part of his antidrug, anticrime and anticorruption platform. With four days to go before May 9, President Aquino has become more specific in describing Election Day as a choice between democracy and the return of martial law.
President Aquino said he had been receiving text messages, non-stop, from people worried about the possible return of martial law—from members of the media, the religious, ordinary citizens. Poe also called on Filipinos to “seriously consider” the brand of change they want for the country when they vote a new set of leaders next week. Only Roxas and Vice President Jejomar Binay among the five presidential candidates attended the event marked by  a Mass officiated by Manila Archbishop Luis Antonio Cardinal Tagle. Poe emerged as the top choice of Filipinos in the latest “truth survey” conducted by Radio Veritas that screened all five presidential candidates based on 10 qualities of a servant-leader. In urging Filipinos to pray for discernment, Poe said she takes pride in running a positive campaign, as she had promised Cardinal Tagle and voters before the campaign period began. Thanks to social media, the May 9 elections may turn out to be one of most polarizing in the country’s recent history, with followers of rival candidates virtually getting into the bruising fray and sliding into mob rule. Emboldened by the relative anonymity of the Net and the various guises they can assume, so-called trolls have taken to cyberbashing, verbally abusing and even threatening with grave bodily harm those with contrary political views. Some months back, for daring to ask “rude and disrespectful” questions of presidential candidate and Davao City Mayor Rodrigo Duterte in a student forum, UP student Stephen Villena was mercilessly flogged on social media, the abusive posts spiked with threats to Villena and his family.
Another student, John Paulo delas Nieves, was similarly pelted with threats on social media for filing a petition of disqualification against the same candidate, with his girlfriend included as a rape target. The rape threat is particularly odious, being the favorite menace directed at women and even the toddler of television star Melai Cantiveros. How have we descended into such barbaric behavior, when threats of death, rape and all manner of physical harm are freely traded on the Net and inflicted on those who do not share our politics? As Delas Nieves noted: “The issuance of threats from Duterte’s supporters may not have the mayor’s go signal, but what he did was to inspire them.
How do we then step away from the brink of self-destruction that all that back-and-forth on social media breeds?
Environmentalist Renee Juliene Karunungan filed this week charges of cyberbullying against 20 Duterte supporters who had called her names and threatened her with death, rape and other abuses. Netizens who had probably keep their counsel to keep the peace might have asked: Couldn’t she have just ignored the candidate’s provocative remarks instead of taking them personally?
Free speech, whether online or offline, is enshrined in our Constitution, and is particularly valuable when an informed choice is needed—such as in the coming elections.
The emergence of Ferdinand Marcos Jr., the late dictator’s only son and namesake, as a front-runner in the vice presidential race has caught many by surprise. Recognition of the victims’ bravery in the struggle against dictatorial rule through the soon-to-be-built Freedom Memorial (museum, library and archives) and the forthcoming compensation for survivors and the families of those who perished, both mandated by Republic Act No. Alas, during these past three decades after the Marcos dictatorship came crashing down, many of those who made this happen, the militant sector in particular, became preoccupied with demonizing the succeeding governments.
I am referring to the militant, ideological Left that continues to espouse a protracted class war and a bloody insurgency in the countryside while having one foot in the electoral process. The militants who had broken away from their hard-core comrades sought alternative ways to serve, but in the din of clashing political views and strategies, were often outshouted by their former comrades. The Marcoses slowly and stealthily found inroads and, in no time, were back in the country, claiming back their lost territories that would again be their stepping stones to power. In fairness, there were groups and individuals that kept the candle of memory trimmed and lit for heroism and sacrifice to be kept alive, among them, the Bantayog ng mga Bayani Foundation, the human rights groups, the writers who wrote books, the walking, living survivors who shared their experiences with the young. And if I may tap ourselves on the back, the journalists and other media workers (documentarists, filmmakers, theater denizens) who did their part to impart. But there had been little institutional or governmental assist to perpetuate the memory through education, not only of the heroes and martyrs, but also of a dark chapter that should never happen again. I dug up my files (digital and hard copy) of almost 30 years and, yes, sometime in 1987, the year after the Marcoses fled and Cory Aquino became president, there were efforts in the academe to incorporate human rights awareness in the curriculum.
I am trying to put together a list of books (now in the hundreds) on the dreadful martial law years.
The alternative title for this piece is “A vocabulary for cultural politics.” Certain italicized words provide a description of social phenomena that we experience but have no word to call them. A few days after Rodrigo Duterte called Mar Roxas bayot,  I witnessed a row between two bus passengers. When people hear the word “culture,” they often imagine highbrow art, ballet and Shakespeare. However, real transformation can only happen in the level of culture, not in electoral politics. Instead of compartmentalizing the political and the cultural, we better acknowledge how they influence each other.
Cyril Belvis is a doctoral candidate of the Philippine Studies program at the University of the Philippines Diliman. That education is indispensable for personal advancement and national progress is widely acknowledged.
Knowledge capital—also referred to as “suprastructure”—derives from science and technology and the arts and underpins a country’s capacity for innovation and creation. This, in essence, describes the theme of the University of the Philippines’ “Knowledge Festival—Utak at Puso,” held last April 17-19.
A dynamic education ecosystem entails solid quality education—basic, tertiary and postgraduate—which means sharply increased investment spending from both public and private sectors in all levels of the system. A “UP think paper” that served as a background piece for the Knowledge Festival notes: “Our level of technology remains low in quality and scale, and concentrated in low-productivity sectors. For UP to play its role as the national university and spread the work and its benefits, the UP paper envisions a hubs-and-spokes model of development anchored on regional centers of excellence in specific fields.
Millions of Filipinos from the toiling masses still suffer from poverty despite the 22-point labor and employment agenda that the Aquino administration promised to implement almost six years ago.
The recent bloody assault on the protesting “Kidapawan farmers,” who were in urgent need of food aid and were facing imminent starvation and death, is prima facie evidence of government’s continued neglect of poor and marginalized peasants and workers, and of its nonchalant regard of their pleas and cries.
In the face of the miserable and precarious plight of Filipino workers, we, the convenors of the Church People-Workers Solidarity (CWS), speak with compassionate courage to call on the Aquino administration and the candidates for key political positions in the May 2016 elections to give a new impetus to employment and include in their legislative agenda the promotion of the dignity of work and the protection of workers’ rights. May the God of our history, who is full of mercy and compassion, accompany our Filipino workers in their struggle for a just and humane society. Anyone who does not condemn Mayor Rodrigo Duterte’s beastly comment about the Australian missionary woman who was raped and murdered in a prison cell in Davao City in 1989 deserves no respect. In a YouTube clip, Duterte is shown relating the ordeal of the victim while she was visiting prisoners in that Davao prison cell as part of her humanitarian mission.
This bastard—excuse me for being brutally frank—has no right to occupy any position in government, let alone the office of the Philippine president.
The other glaring aspect of our narrow growth is in how Metro Manila and its surrounding provinces account for a dominant share, and a growing one at that, of our country’s gross domestic product (GDP).
Clearly, we must make a deliberate effort to decentralize and disperse economic activities more broadly and more equitably across the country’s regions. How well are the various regions contributing to our overall economic growth lately?  The good news is that all regions, save for one, have been positively contributing to the domestic economy’s growth, as reflected in the latest gross regional domestic product (GRDP) statistics, for 2014. One of the most visible trends we’ve seen in the past decade is the sprouting of big shopping malls all over the country. Last week I said, if the polls are to be believed, Rodrigo Duterte will be the next president of the Philippines. His speech at a recent briefing before the Makati Business Club and Management Association of the Philippines was worrying. Open markets will remain, and entry to the Trans-Pacific Partnership will be pursued in line with changes to the Constitution, one of which should remove the foreign investment restrictions, although land ownership will probably not be covered.
Computerization of bureaucratic processes will be promoted through a Department of Information and Communications Technology, in government and the private sector. Taxes will be reviewed and brought to levels competitive with those of other Asian countries. The Public-Private Partnership will be pursued along the same path on which it was started. With a Mindanaoan as president, the first-ever, there’ll inevitably be a focus on Mindanao. One thing sure: He won’t adapt this administration’s practice of violating or changing contracts to suit its mood of the day. On health, he has promised free services for all, as needed, and a greater shift to primary, outpatient health-care services to catch illnesses before they get worse and fully cover the huge costs of serious illnesses; he also vowed that government will promote a healthy lifestyle. On a new international airport, I’d expect a decision this year on where this will be; no more pussyfooting on the matter.
THEY SAY that the past is in the past, that we need to move on and focus on what lies ahead.
I’ve always been fascinated by the events that transpired during the 1986 “People Power Revolution.” I’m sure it was one of those moments in which everyone felt proud to be a Filipino. When I was younger, all I knew was that a bunch of people went to the streets to call for the ouster of a certain Ferdinand Marcos from the presidency, and that a woman named Corazon Aquino served as their leader and inspiration. My father also urged me to watch the documentary as he thought it would be good for me to be informed, and so I did. But what intrigued me most was the time Ninoy spent in Fort Magsaysay in Laur, Nueva Ecija. But maybe it is true: The martial law era is the “golden age” of salvaging, the “golden age” of the repression of our freedom to speak, the “golden age” of one family that lived in opulence while the rest of the nation battled poverty each day. Young people have been so dependent on social media; they do not know that not everything they read is entirely true. Bongbong Marcos always says that he is not his father, that he and his family have nothing to apologize for. And as voters flock to the polling stations on May 9, one almost-forgotten lesson needs to be revived.
Globe Business recently gathered select customers and golf aficionados at the lush fairways of Wack-Wack Golf and Country Club for the 2016 edition of GTour.  Now on its 15th year, the annual tournament is one of several sporting activities which Globe Business holds exclusively for its clients to show appreciation for their support through the years. This year, participants enjoyed a four-man scramble with sliding tee-box format, designed to foster teamwork between the players and establish a balance of power among various competing teams’ playing abilities. Globe Senior Advisor for Enterprise and IT-Enabled services group Mike Frausing extended his appreciation to all the golfers for making the tournament an astounding success. Globe Senior Advisor for Enterprise and IT-Enabled Services Group Mike Frausing (right) leads the ceremonial tee off together with Globe Business Vice President for Enterprise Sales Dion Asencio (left).


Casino junket operator Kim Wong yesterday turned over to the Anti-Money Laundering Council (AMLC) the fourth and final tranche of funds amounting to P250 million which was part of the $81-million stolen by hackers from the account of the central bank of Bangladesh with the US Federal Reserve.
The businessman told lawmakers that the funds were brought into the country—through an electronic bank transfer made to  Rizal Commercial Banking Corp. Wong stressed, however, that he didn’t know about the funds’ provenance and neither did he inquire about it. Along with several other parties, Wong is now the subject of a money-laundering complaint filed by the AMLC with the Department of Justice. Wong has so far turned over to AMLC for safekeeping—and eventual return to Bangladesh, once the courts clear it—$4.6 million as the first tranche, P38 million as the second tranche, P200 million as the third tranche and yesterday’s P250 million as the final tranche, all in cash. This supposedly represents the entire amount that Wong and his company, Eastern Hawaii Leisure Ltd., received from the $81 million in laundered funds that went through RCBC’s Jupiter branch in Makati City. The Department of Agriculture has asked Malacanang for P769 million in funds to shore up interventions for El Nino even as it prepares for a probable onset of La Nina later this year.
Palad said the amount was on top of a request for the Department of Budget and Management to replenish the DA’s P500-million quick response fund or QRF intended to bankroll  the agency’s disaster response efforts.
These funds, if we get them, will be used for the remainder of the El Nino as well as the subsequent typhoon season or even the onset of La Nina, which is expected to develop after the El Nino,” Palad said. According to the DA’s field operations services, the El Nino has claimed a total of P8.68 billion worth of crops and other farm products based on monitoring from Jan.
Of the amount, P1.67 billion was attributed to the infestation of pests like rats, which was encouraged by dry conditions in the fields. Last April, the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (Ocha) raised the alert on a possible onset of La Nina later this year while warning that the humanitarian impact of the ongoing El Nino would drag on even as the latter continued to wane. Citing forecast from the Bureau of Meteorology of Australia, the UN Ocha said the current El Nino was expected to persist until mid-2016, with a 50-percent chance that La Nina would follow. In areas where El Nino brings below average rainfall and increased temperatures, such as the Philippines, La Nina is often responsible for above-average rainfall and cooler temperatures. The builder currently has 18 estates spanning close to 9,000 hectares of property, all of which have multiple projects underway.
For its residential business, the firm posted revenues of P14.47 billion, up 17 percent, driven by bookings and project completions across all residential brands. Revenues from shopping centers reached P3.61 billion in the first quarter of 2016, 15 percent higher year-on-year. ALI also continued to expand its office development and leasing businesses as revenues from the sale of office spaces reached P1.19 billion, which was up 35 percent. Revenues from Hotels and Resorts reached P1.48 billion,  which was 2 percent lower due to the closure of the iconic InterContinental Manila.
This is so far the highest ROE registered by private domestic universal banks that had disclosed their first quarter financial results and whose ROEs ranged from 10 percent to 13 percent. From 2007 to the first quarter of this year, SECB ranked first in terms of ROE among private domestic universal banks in the country, except in 2013 when it made significant investment in branch expansion to grow its retail banking business. SECB’s first quarter profit was computed before the P36.9-billion capital investment by The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ Ltd. Our leader Benigno Simeon, aka BS, coming out of his shell in Malacanang recently, just could not stop himself from counting the blessings of the entire Filipino nation coming from him. Maybe he could not wait for others to praise the Aquino (Part II) administration for all its amazing and unsurpassable feats in the past six years. Thus, he just had to admire his performance by himself, and went on to rate himself as the most outstanding president of the republic in the past and in the future. Lately, as he journeyed across the land, apparently to campaign for his chosen candidates, he rattled off his miraculous deeds: highest economic growth rates, lowest unemployment rates and highest poverty alleviation rate. The business sector had shown in various studies that those claims were debatable, if not outright spurious. The economic growth rates, for instance, did not consider the smuggling woes in the past years, which according to Finance Secretary Cesar Purisima was so massive it had denied the state some P200 billion a year in revenue. As for poverty alleviation, our dearest leader, BS, did not say that his administration also spent some P400 billion for the CCT program, and studies showed that most of the CCT beneficiaries actually remained poor as ever. By and large, the main beef of the business community against this administration was that it did not seem to bother itself with pretending to try to address even just a bit the concern in business about the poor infrastructure in this country. The telecom industry, for instance, was up in arms recently against the tedious process of securing permits for cell sites, because it practically required more steps than the Eiffel Tower.
In other words, we needed more cell sites for faster–and hopefully clearer–signals for Internet connections, texts and calls. The business community has been throwing tantrums over the poor telecom service, what with the Philippines having the second slowest Internet connection in Asia, beating only Afghanistan.
At the same time, the Aquino (Part II) administration never hesitated to credit itself for the fantastic growth in the so-called BPO sector, the very same business that needed fast and clear Internet connections. The truth was that the “business process outsourcing” sector did not need any push from the government. The projections would likely happen even with awful economic management under any government that has neglected the infrastructure needs of the business community. Just imagine what the BPO sector would have accomplished with seamless Internet connections, if only we could come out of this crisis over the simplest of the technologies involved in mobile telephony, those freaking cell cites! On the surface, the fault seemed to lie on the telecom sector for the poor Internet service in the country, because it did not upgrade the systems to catch up with the new technology in Internet connectivity. Globe Telecom, for instance, had  already invested a fortune to upgrade its systems to the latest broadband technology called LTE. The problem was that the telecom sector did not have enough cell sites  to cope with the rising demand, with Smart and Globe combining for only 15,000 cell sites, giving the Philippines lowest rank in Asia.
Although the telcos wanted to expand their network to improve the service, they said they  had to go through monstrous hurdles called government permits. Telcos should also get a “mayor’s permit” for every cell site, with the fees varying depending on the rates prescribed by various local revenue codes. So instead of adding more to this page where no one can respond to my opinions click on the link and read my blog. Venice grew to become one of Europea€™s largest and most prosperous cities, largely as a result of its trade in luxury goods from the Far East. Milan became a major trade center for goods that were carried by land over the Alps into central Europe.
Arriving in China, the Polos were welcomed back by the Mongol troops of their old friend, the Khan.
Finally, after nearly two decades in the service of the Khan, the Polos were permitted by the Khan to return home, if they would agree to accompany a Yuan princess who had been promised in marriage to a Persian king (probably to create stronger trade ties between Persia and the Yuan Dynasty). They traveled through Indonesia to Sri Lanka and India and then to their destination in the Persian Gulf. They arrived during a time of warfare between Genoa and Venice and, probably because they were viewed as possible spies, were imprisoned in Venice.
In it he described such Chinese inventions as the magnetic compass, movable type printing, paper making, and the use of paper currency. Il Milione was translated into several European languages, including English (The Travels of Marco Polo).
China, India, and the African kingdoms regularly trades silk, slaves, spices, gold, silver, metalwares, and ivory. The Ottomans controlled all trade in the Eastern Mediterranean Ocean, North Africa (most countries in North Africa by this time had converted to Islam), and the Spice Islands (Indonesia had also converted from Hinduism to Islam). The growing demand for silk, cotton, gold, silver, ivory, textiles, spices, and gun powder became a major concern for European rulers. The Mongol Empire traded European slaves and guns to Venice for trade with Africa for gold, silver, and ivory. A new passion to a€?get there before the Muslims doa€? motivated exploration and discovery of new peoples.
The Chinese were poised technologically to sail around the tip of Africa and to sail westward in search of new trade centers.
Trading partnerships between Venice and the Ottomans established shipping lanes across the Adriatic Sea from Greece to Italy. The semi-autonomous Ottoman states of Algiers, Morocco, Tunis, and Tripoli made sea traffic through the Mediterranean a dangerous business for European shipping. They also raided the coastal areas of Spain, Southern France, and East Africa to seize slaves for the slave markets in the Middle East.
They colonized what became known as the Dutch East Indies (present-day Indonesia) in the mid-16th century and held that colony until 1948. In 1609 an English explorer, Henry Hudson, who was under the employment of the Dutch Republic, reached the harbor of present-day New York, and sailed up the river that now bears his name. Portugal was granted free access to all sea routes to Africa, India, and Asia east of that dividing line, and all previously unclaimed lands east of that line. But when the Portuguese realized the great advantage Spain gained through Alexandera€™s arrangement in potential land in the Americas, they petitioned for an adjustment to Alexandera€™s solution. Because the boundaries of Brazil were poorly defined, the Portuguese pushed for expanded borders without significant opposition from the Spanish.
Henry was the prime mover in developing trade between Portugal and other countries and continents. By 1452 the Portuguese had so successfully developed trade routes circumventing the Ottoman-controlled trade routes, that Portugal became the European trade center for gold and slaves.
They competed with the Dutch and the Portuguese for trade with the Orient, leading to their eventual colonization of India, and, in the 19th century, port cities in China. Raleigh also forced Phillip II to postpone launching the Armada by raiding the coast of Spain and destroying the seasoned wood that was necessary to construct the water kegs needed by the sailors of the Armada. In 1497 his ships landed in North America, the first Europeans to do so since the Vikings. Setting sail from Plymouth, England in December 1577 with six ships, Drake sailed to Brazil, then through the dangerous Magellan Straits at the southern tip of South America, up the coast to Panama, then reached as far, possibly, as California, or even Vancouver Island. He later was the first European to discover Lake Champlain, Lake Huron, and Lake Ontario, all components of the Great Lakes. Although best known as the year in which Columbus sailed to the New World, several other events also made 1492 A.D.
In fact, Columbus had to use the port of Palos instead of the larger port of Cadiz because Cadiz was flooded with ships carrying thousands of Jewish refugees fleeing to the Middle East, North Africa, Italy, and Greece. And with that voyage Columbus changed the world -- as the Europeans had known it --for all time.
It is perhaps no accident that some of the foremost explorers of the late 1400s and early 1500s were Italians, men who were exposed to the far-reaching cultural awakening that was the Renaissance. He listened eagerly to tales told by seafarers who had sailed the length and breadth of the Mediterranean Sea, bringing back rich cargoes for Genoa`s wealthy merchants. At the age of twenty-five, he had the most exciting time of his life when he sailed aboard a ship that sailed out onto the immense Atlantic Ocean. Columbus spent eight years in Lisbon, working as a mapmaker and receiving the greater part of his education. Most with whom he shared his ideas dismissed him as an idle dreamer, but Columbus was determined and ambitious in his quest. His journals expressed his belief that God had chosen him to carry the Gospel of Christ to the people of Asia.
The royal riches had been depleted by the military efforts to drive the Muslim Moors from Spain. The next day, October 12, 1492, Columbus was the first European to set foot on an island in the present-day Bahamas. He immediately referred to the islandsa€™ inhabitants as a€?Indians.a€? However, he also sent men inland on one larger island to look for the capitol city of a€?the Khana€? (the term used in Spain for the Chinese emperor).
We now know from DNA test results that the Siberian people who settled and today live in South America are distinct from the Siberian people who settled and live today in North America. The a€?Ba€? DNA is found today only in aboriginal people in Japan, Southeast Asia, Melanesia, and Polynesia.
A trawler in the North Atlantic pulled up a mastedon skeleton, and with it a stone spear head or cutting tool probably used to butcher the mastedon. Speculation is that they may have been related to the early Aborigines of Australia who traveled across the Pacific.
And archeologists have long wondered at the great similarities between the pyramids of Egypt and those constructed in Central and South America. His major contribution to Europea€™s knowledge of the New World were his very accurate maps, primarily of the eastern South American coast. A German mapmaker, Martin Waldseemuller, published Vespuccia€™s map of South America in 1507 and labeled it a€?Americaa€? in honor of Vespucci. Is he a hero or a villain, a Christian missionary or a slave trader, an explorer in search of souls or a merchant in search of financial profits?
Who is to say, they maintain, that the original inhabitants Columbus encountered were any less ignorant of a true God than he?
Columbus must be viewed, not through 20th century eyeglasses, but t as a man who lived in a 15th century culture.
In fact, on returning to Spain, the explorers, including Columbusa€™ crews and those that came after, carried back new diseases to Europe contracted in the Americas. His diaries and letters written both before and after his historic trips contain personal compassion for the natives he encountered and his zeal to seek their conversion to Christ. Such an agreement does not make him necessarily a despicable exploiter but a typical businessman.
Hea€™d had a€?very reda€? hair in his younger years, but since hea€™d passed age 40, it had turned prematurely white. He had sailed the Mediterranean and traveled to parts of Africa, to Ireland, and probably even to Iceland. Writer Robert Hughes expressed the conventional wisdom: a€?Sometime between 1478 and 1484, the full plan of self-aggrandizement and discovery took shape in his mind.
Whenever he faced a storm, a waterspout (tornado-like whirl of seawater), or rebellious crewmen, he made vows to God. In 1501 Columbus wrote, a€?I am only a most unworthy sinner, but ever since I have cried out for grace and mercy from the Lord, they have covered me completely. He died more than a decade before Martin Luther would post his 95 Theses protesting the abuse of indulgences. Not until last year was his most important religious writinga€”the Libro de las profecA­as, or Book of Propheciesa€”translated into English. Some scholars attribute his recurring encounters with a heavenly voice to mental instability, illness, or stress.
The voyage was immediately beset by calamities a broken rudder, leaks so bad they needed immediate repair, and threatened capture by the Portuguese. But on October 11, the shipa€™s log records, they began seeing signs of shore: seabirds, bits of green plants, stacks that looked they had been carved, a small plank.
Columbus and his captains went ashore in an armed launch and unfurled the royal banner and two flags.
As he wrote to Ferdinand and Isabella late in his life, a€?I spent six years here at your royal court, disputing the case with so many people of great authority, learned in all the arts. So he called the Taino-speaking peoples of the Arawak tribes a€?Indians.a€? The name, though flatly wrong, stuck. They had coarse black haira€”a€?almost like the tail of a horsea€?a€”with a€?handsome bodies and good facesa€? painted with black, red, or white paint. In the wee hours of Christmas morning, a sailor decided to catch some sleep and left the tiller in the hands of a boy. Yes, the ship was wrecked beyond repair, but now he had lumbera€”lots of ita€”for building the necessary fort.
On February 14th, Columbus gathered his crew on the heaving and rolling deck to pray and make vows. In his youth, he felt God had promised him that his name would be proclaimed throughout the world.
Ferdinand and Isabella, who had just united their kingdoms, soundly defeated the Moors, signaling the end of an Islamic presence in Europe. A new country, militantly united behind Christianity, had arisen and would dominate the world for a hundred years. Zion will come from Spain.a€? For hundreds of years, the holy sites of Jerusalem had been held captive by the infidel Muslims. Augustinea€™s teaching, Columbus knew that all history fell into seven agesa€”and he was in the sixth, the next to last. When he says sincerely,a€?Our Lord in his goodness guides me so that I may find this gold,a€? we cringe. Although Ferdinand and Isabella made military strikes into Muslim-held North Africa, they never mounted a grand crusade. He took three more voyages across the Atlantic, each lasting several years and filled with harrowing storms, crew rebellions, illnesses (at one point his eyes bled), and encounters with native Americans.
In May 1493, he asked Ferdinand and Isabella to set aside 1 percent of all gold taken from the islands to pay for establishing churches and sending monks.
Columbus became absolutely wealthy, a€?a millionaire by any standard.a€? But he had driven such a hard bargain with the crowna€”hereditary titles and a€?the tenth part of the wholea€? of gold he founda€”that the monarchs continually had to limit his power and wealth. I found myself in such a pass that in an attempt to escape death I took to the sea in a small caravel. Late in life, with the help of a friend, a monk, Columbus assembled excerpts from the Bible and medieval authors.
But he wasna€™t the first or last Christian to read his personal destiny into a Scripture verse. It was the Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan who in 1519 embarked on a trip which would be the first to sail across the Pacific Ocean--and all the way around the world. He and his crew made a great friendship with their early contacts on the islands and were persuaded to stay several months to recuperate and replenish their supplies of food and water.
Whether urged on by the now Christian chief or due to a threatened invasion, Magellan set sail for their island with 40 of his men.
They had completed their journey around the world, proving once and for all that the earth was a sphere and that trade with Asia was possible via a route across the Pacific. In 1539 De Soto returned to the New World, this time as leader of an expedition of nine ships, 620 men, 220 horses, and numerous priests, craftsmen, engineers, and farmers who came from Cuba and various sections of Spain.
Hearing of gold deposits in the north, in 1540 De Soto made his way north through Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Tennessee, seeking gold.
They distributed land to the peninsulares, who, in turn, were expected to protect the native Americans as parents would their children, and instruct them in the Christian faith. Because not born in Spain, they were refused access to leadership positions in the government, but because born to Spanish parents, had full access to education and business. They were at the bottom of the pecking order, and were especially mistreated by the creoles, mestizos, and mulattos. In many cases they were treated worse than animals, because they were replaceable while animals like horses were less so. What they had in mind was not more colonists from Spain, but, rather, the introduction of slave workers from Africa! The clergy were accused of attempting to create a Church-dominated kingdom with the clergy in charge of the kingdom. From the Americas corn, potatoes, yams, squash, beans, cocoa, peanuts, gold, and silver flowed to Europe.
The earlier supply of Islamic slaves from Spain and Christian slaves from Eastern Europe in the slave markets of Europe and the Middle East dried up after the fall of Constantinople in 1453 and the expulsion of the Moors from Spain in 1492. Up until this time slavery was identified with conquest and victory in war -- not ethnicity or skin color. Increasingly African slaves were identified as descendants of Ham, one of the sons of Noah. In England the Muscovy Company for trade with Russia and the East India Company for trade with India were created. The easy acquisition of silver and gold from Peru and Bolivia resulted in a major miscalculation that severely damaged the economic future of Spain.
What five groups of people from Europe gradually made their way along the coasts of Africa, Asia, and the New World? In the East Indies, now know as Indonesia, were spices, coffee, rubber and Portugal got there first.
If you were looking t the map in 1493 instead of 2008, who would you have thought got the better of the deal, Spain or Portugal?
Why did he go to his death with only a few soldiers and refuse the help of the friendly chiefs?
In fact, we are very grateful that no less than the Pope himself has written to Duterte and saying his own prayer,” Lavina said.
Russian defense minister Sergei Shoigu said Moscow would deploy three new military divisions along its borders to counter a buildup of NATO forces. At its previous summit in 2014, the alliance decided to reinforce its presence along the Russian border, angering Moscow. Piglas Pilipinas!” campaign against coal-fired power plants.  The campaign is part of the Break Free global movement of civil society groups against fossil fuels.
He however, got the lowest score among the 5 presidential candidates for energy transformation and democracy with 43 percent.
The Philippines has experienced some of these already, as it was considered as one of the countries most vulnerable to climate change.
They also serve as a source of air pollutants such as sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide, which can damage the lungs.
Now more than ever, we need leaders who are pro-people and pro-environment, not pro-coal and pro-climate change,” the archbishop said. The Philippines held this campaign as part of the Break Free From Fossil Fuels movement, which will be conducted in 14 other countries from May 4-May 15. Some 32 percent of 3,000 voting-age respondents said they would vote for Davao City Mayor Rodrigo Duterte if the elections were held during the survey period, up from 30 percent in the March 26-April 1 survey.
Grace Poe remained in second place, with a voter preference rating of 25 percent, down from 27.
Miriam Defensor Santiago, the same number recorded in each of the three previous Standard Polls (also known as the Laylo Report). Danilo de la Fuente, one of the plaintiffs in a 1986 class suit filed against the Marcoses, recounted how he was tortured while in jail.
The young voters admitted they weren’t educated about what really happened during the administration of Marcos.
Bongbong Marcos, son of the late dictator, is the leading vice presidential candidate, according to voter preference polls. Antonio Trillanes IV has leveled against him, presidential hopeful Mayor Rodrigo Duterte on Wednesday came up with his 11 passbooks but allowed the media to only take a peek at some of his bank transaction history. Quiboloy is the founder and leader of the Kingdom of Jesus Christ, The Name Above Every Name Inc. 3019, or the Anti-Graft and Corrupt Practices Act, government officers are prohibited from accepting gifts of significant value from a person other than a member of the public officer’s immediate family. Aquino, who is also the commander in chief of the armed forces,  called for unity among those who want to protect the country’s hard-fought democracy. Benigno Aquino Jr., was the leading opposition figure against the dictator Ferdinand Marcos. Grace Poe on Wednesday made public copies of her latest statement of assets, liabilities and net worth (SALN), and signed the “TRUTH covenant” two days after the Manila Archdiocese launched the initiative for candidates in the May 9 elections. Anton Pascual, Poe went to the radio network’s head office in Quezon City early Wednesday morning to sign the TRUTH (Truthful, Responsible, Upright, Transparent and Honest) covenant and apologized for failing to attend the covenant’s launch on Monday, saying she was in Tarlac.
The venomous threat was apparently a comeback for Cantiveros’ TV ad endorsing another candidate.
How can the prospect of rape and murder be so commonplace that netizens think nothing of hurling them as convenient vehicles to shut down public discourse? After all, fish rots from the head; so if the leader thinks it fine to bash the Pope for traffic woes, or joke about the rape-slaying of a missionary, or deliver vituperative remarks about other countries for reacting to his extreme comments, what can people expect of his followers?
These constitute crimes under the Revised Penal Code, Cybercrime Law and the Omnibus Election Code. Indeed, faced with the possibility of leading—and in fact, representing—the country’s 100 million Filipinos in the international community, such candidates should be more circumspect in their public pronouncements. But to give credit where credit is due, the leftist militants were the ones who had a sustained, protracted struggle against the Marcos dictatorship that, alas, was overtaken by the 1986 People Power uprising and military putsch (so-called Edsa I) that brought down the Marcos dictatorship.
Those who took the mainstream path of service—via academe, business, civil society, media, politics, church—became preoccupied with their particular concerns. Why is the story about the Marcos dictatorship not in the history books being used in schools? Year in and year out, during special dates, we at the Inquirer would come out with articles on the heroic struggles during those dark years to remind, remember, honor and be thankful for regained freedoms. Sure, there is the Presidential Commission on Good Government’s (PCGG) recovering some Marcos wealth. Not because of some psychogenic amnesia or selective forgetting of the pain, but simply because of neglect and complacency. Those who had witnessed and experienced human rights violations during the Marcos military dictatorship, those in the academe especially, wanted human rights to become a byword in early education.
You can help by sending me the image of the cover, author, description of the book, date of publication and publisher. Instead of insisting that Duterte couldn’t argue through facts, Roxas could have earned more admiration had he retorted through cultural politics. Cultural change is not a top-down job; it starts with ordinary people thinking extraordinarily. In our political discourse, culture is considered auxiliary to more “important” areas like economics, governance and social welfare. For example, the sorry transport system wastes employees’ productive hours, results in tardiness and creates animosity among bus passengers.
Rather than material gifts for our mothers, let’s include the femininity question in our checklist of picking leaders at the local and national levels. Good education that’s widely shared results in higher productivity and entrepreneurial skills and, hence, lower levels of poverty and inequality.
The concrete outcome is (or should be) the evolution of innovative and creative industries that require a dynamic and self-sustaining ecosystem comprising, at any one time, lower and higher levels of education and skills. The idea was to celebrate what UP has accomplished thus far and further energize faculty and staff to reach loftier heights, as well as lead, as the national university, the other educational institutions nationwide in making greater strides. To be fair to President Aquino’s administration, it has actually accorded education high priority. While the other four Asean founding members spend an average of 5-6 percent of their GDP on education, we make do with 3 percent of a smaller GDP and a larger student population! To catch up and move ahead faster, we need to raise our scientific and technological skills, which only better and more focused education can achieve. To the extent that these HEI (higher education institution) centers of excellence are located in leading regional growth centers, this model can well fit into the country’s regional development strategy to decongest the National Capital Region long plagued by diseconomies of agglomeration. Pernia, PhD, is professor emeritus of economics, University of the Philippines, and former lead economist, Asian Development Bank. The government continues to boast of the country’s economic prosperity, pointing to its consistent GDP growth in recent years. A large segment of the public does not have access to the limited goods and opportunities available.
This insensitive attitude of the government has made the hunger and poverty situation in the country even worse.
Until now, no substantial wage increase has been given our workers to at least lessen the gap between the minimum wage and the living wage.
Unfortunately, our Filipino workers remain at the seams of our society, their voice oft getting drowned out amid the politics of greed. Duterte said the victim was a very beautiful woman who looked like an American actress, and he lamented that he (Duterte) was not the first one to have sex with the victim. The fastest-growing industries driving our overall economic growth have consistently been finance (banks and insurance), real estate, retail trade (shopping malls) and business process outsourcing. In 2015, the National Capital Region, along with Central Luzon and Calabarzon, accounted for nearly two-thirds (63 percent) of our total GDP. In the 1990s, the Ramos government consciously moved to provide larger shares of the infrastructure budget to Mindanao and the Visayas, along with designating and investing in regional agroindustrial centers in every region of the country. The lone and understandable exception is the Eastern Visayas region, having been hard-hit by Supertyphoon “Yolanda,” which caused a 2.3-percent decline in the region’s output. This may be taken as a sign of growing purchasing power in the regions, propelled in large part by overseas remittances, to be sure, but also by rising domestic incomes.
As a resident of Los Banos, Laguna, I constantly remind myself to buy everything I need within the town whenever I can, rather than shop in Manila where I spend my working day. The most recent, desperate attempts in the past two weeks to discredit him are too late to make any impact.
SWS reported he is the choice of 33 percent of likely voters, with only 24 percent going for Grace Poe, 19 percent for Mar Roxas and 14 percent for Jejomar Binay.
He said little of what business wanted to know; instead he raised fears of a dictatorial leadership.
The changes—likely to include the shift to a federal and, maybe, parliamentary system—will be submitted for approval in a plebiscite probably to be held in the 2019 midterm elections. Expect a 25-percent corporate income tax for a start, and the lowering or even removal of the low-salaried employees’ income tax. The existing tax impositions will be reviewed, but I hope that whatever changes will be made won’t apply to those investing now or to those already operating—unless the new taxes turn out lower, which is a remote possibility. I’d like to see the premium payment scrapped, and instead go for the bidder who offers the lowest toll or fee.
That should bring agriculture (the island’s backbone) back into the national agenda as well.
A longer-term solution is needed, he said, and the focus must be on a far better public system. It showed our capability to unite and to conduct a revolution driven, not by tanks, guns and artillery, but by prayers, flowers and peace. But as I grew up, my curiosity increased tenfold and I found myself buried in the pages of my fifth-grade textbook, reading everything related to the martial law era.
All I knew back then was that he was a champion of the people and a very prolific speaker who voiced out his thoughts and opinions without fear. She told me of how radio and TV were all taken over by the government, and of the mysterious cases of people disappearing without a trace. I wasn’t watching a horror movie, but I covered my eyes with my hands and took a peek at the TV screen from time to time. I researched on the numerous cases of harassment that were committed during the Marcos regime, and on the activists who simply vanished and are still unheard from to this day.
The Internet is full of trolls that can easily fool unsuspecting netizens, especially the youth.
And with the surveys showing Bongbong Marcos ahead of his rivals, all I can do is shake my head. It is crucial that our voters be duly reminded of this, so the horrors of our past will no longer haunt our future.
Palad Wednesday told reporters the package was being requested from the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), which endorsed the request to the Office of the President. Of the total capital expenditure, more than half went to the completion of residential projects and commercial leasing projects. It was said that the sector would have grown “regardless of any economic condition” in the country.
However, the ships traveled back and forth between Europe ferrying the Crusaders to the Holy Land brought back to Europe many new and exciting products from Asia through the Middle East. Silk, porcelain, and metalware from China, spices and coffee from Indonesia and the Philippines, tea and spices from India, and a variety of rare new woods never seen before in Europe, were but some of the goods that excited Europe. It was also a description of the cultural practices, the languages, and religious practices of China. It fueled the interest and imagination of soon-to-be explorers, including John Cabot of England and Christopher Columbus, a native of Genoa who would sail to the New World under the sponsorship of the king and queen of Spain. European industries that produced textiles, wool, and German metalware needed to find new routes to their customers in Africa and Asia. Genoa dominated trade in the Black Sea and Western Mediterranean areas, but were increasingly harassed by the Ottomans.
Marco Polo described huge five-masted ships that regularly traded with Ceylon, India, the Philippines, and Indonesia. Because most of the raiders were from the Berber tribes of North Africa, the north coast of Africa was called the Barbary Coast and the Islamic raiders became known as the Barbary Pirates. Their raids were so frequent that parts of the coastal areas of southern Spain were abandoned by their original inhabitants. This enabled them to control the production and trade of three crucial spices: nutmeg, cloves, and mace, as well as controlling the exporting of precious woods from Indonesia. Spain had free access to all routes to the Americas, Asia, and India, and all previously unclaimed lands west of that line.
Thus, in June 1494 the line was re-negotiated westward to a new distance of 1,770 km (1,099.83 miles) through the Treaty of Tordesilla, so named for the Spanish town of Tordesilla where the treaty was signed. The company soon controlled the production and exportation of Indian cotton, indigo dye, saltpeter ( nitrate needed in the production of gunpowder), tea, and opium. In 1629 he persuaded Cardinal Richelieu, French regent who served the young king Louis XIII, to encourage French nobility to fund the new colony of Quebec.
In 1803, France also lost its land possessions west of the Mississippi River through a sale made by Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte to the American President Thomas Jefferson. Little by little the control of the Moors was eroding, beginning in the north of Spain where the Kingdom of Asturias was overthrown in 718 A.D. So, there was evident confusion on Columbusa€™ part about where his ships had actually landed. Original studies indicated that four distinct haplogroups migrated into North and Central America in waves across the Bering Sea bridge.
It has been found, for instance, in the ancient ancestors of the Basque people in northern Spain.
It closely resembles tools made by a migratory group whose remain have been found in Spain and Portugal.
The name stuck and the two continents have been known as the Americas from that point forward. He urged the king and queen of Spain to send priests to work with the people and to instruct them in the Christian faith. After all, he was the one who took the greatest of risks in making his initial trips across the Atlantic.
Inside, in the cool quiet, knelt CristA?bal ColA?n, captain general of three small ships anchored in the towna€™s inlet below. Their missiona€”the wild-eyed idea of their foreigner captaina€”was to sail west, away from all visible landmarks.
There, in the land of the Great Khan, houses were roofed with gold, streets paved with marble. He boasted later in life, a€?I have gone to every place that has heretofore been navigated.a€? He knew the Atlantic as well or better than anyone, and he probably knew more about how to read currents, winds, and surfaces of the sea than do sailors today.
He would win glory, riches, and a title of nobility by opening a trade route to the untapped wealth of the Orient. He saw them as the fulfillment of a divine plan for his lifea€”and for the soon-coming end of the world. I have found the most delightful comfort in making it my whole aim in life to enjoy his marvelous presence.a€? He constantly associated with reform minded Franciscans and spent perhaps five months at the white-walled monastery of Santa MarA­a de La Rabida. Others complain that Columbusa€™s biographers described him as more religious than he really was. A week after losing sight of the Canary Islands, the pilots discovered to their consternation that the compasses no longer worked right. This a€?astonished them,a€? and Columbus compared it to the miracles that accompanied Moses. Each was white with a central bright green cross flanked by a green F and Y for a€?Ferdinanda€? and a€?Isabella.a€? Columbus declared that these obviously inhabited lands now belonged to the Catholic sovereigns. In a sense, he would be like the legendary giant Christopher, who carried Christ on his back across a wide river. Waves broke over the ships, sails had to be lowered, and soon they were driven by the wind until they were wildly lost. They put chick-peas in a cap and had sailors draw to see which one picked the chick-pea with a cross cut into it.
And at age 25, he had survived a shipwreck and six-mile swima€”a sign, he told his son Ferdinand, that God had a plan for him. Columbus had used the port of PalA?s, in fact, because the larger CA?diz was flooded with thousands of fleeing Jewish refugees. The Crusadersa€™ Book of Secrets, written in the early fourteenth century, said it would take 210,000 gold florins to mount a crusade. They instructed him a€?to win over the peoples of the said islands and mainland by all ways and means to our Holy Catholic Faitha€? and sent 13 religious workers on his second voyage.
As a colonial governor, he ruled the farmers and settlers with such a heavy hand they rebelled. Columbus spent his last years in legal battles and worries that his estate would be whitled away. Then the Lord came to help, saying, a€?O man of little faith, be not afraid, I am with thee.a€™ And he scattered my enemies and showed me the way to fulfill my promises. The unfinished work, titled Book of Prophecies, uses Scriptures to show that God had ordained his voyages of discovery and that God would be doing further wonderful things for the church. Although their commander, Magellan, died in battle in the Philippines, a handful of survivors of Magellan`s well-planned voyage returned home in 1522 after three grueling years at sea.
The Christian chief pleaded with Magellan to accompany him with his warriors, but Magellan refused, stating that if God could raise one chief from the death bed, he could deliver Magellan and prove His power. The intention was to explore the west coast of Florida and the middle of the newly discovered continent. De Soto took male slaves from each area and forced them to carry cargo until they could continue no longer.
Frustrated with the results, the expedition headed south to meet two supply ships in the Gulf of Mexico, but they were attacked by the Mobila tribe (present-day Mobile, Alabama).
Those who did remain were introduced to European feudalism by means of the Spanish Encomienda System.
This caused Catholic missionaries to complain to the viceroys, the monarchy, and even to the Pope in Rome, requesting intervention to make life more humane for the native Americans. The viceroys and peninsulares dismissed the complaints brought by the clergy as coming from biased, self-seeking opponents.
Increasingly Spain depended on native American slaves to work the gold and silver mines and to serve on the sugar plantations. The Dutch East India Company funded and controlled shipping to the Spice Islands (Indonesia) and led to the colonization of Indonesia by the Dutch. Because of the new wealth Spain did not engage in new methods of production as did other nations in Europe, relying instead on its wealth to purchase the goods demanded by its people. In 2015, it ranked first in the Global Climate Risk Index of German Watch after it lost at least 6,000 lives and suffered from P30 billion worth of agricultural damages due to typhoon Yolanda (international codename Haiyan) in 2013.
I cannot accept that my father and our thousand other fellowmen would die in vain,” the President said in Filipino. By falling back on the law, Karunungan showed that lawlessness cannot be allowed to thrive even, and especially not, on social media. Never mind that mere words (as when Duterte rudely ordered the United States and Australia to shut up when they commented on his crude rape joke) could unnecessarily damage or complicate our relations with other countries. It shocks and worries those who suffered during Marcos Sr.’s 14-year dictatorial rule and those who continue to suffer the aftermath of those dark martial law years. They laid aside—conveniently or purposefully—the Marcos past while claiming their portion from the ruins and pushing forward their political plans.
Which reminds me of the Bible parable about those who were supposed to keep vigil with their lamps but were caught sleeping when the bridegroom came, except that in our case, there was no bridegroom to be expected but a bunch of despoilers to be prevented from regaining foothold. It is to be commended for belatedly showing to the public the enormity of what had been recovered (Imelda Marcos’ jewelry collection, among them). The quiet but ready-to-erupt temper among the put-upon passengers was broken by a heated word war between a woman and a middle-aged man. We have lost sight of its operative discrimination because even women have been socialized to perceive social relations through the eyes of men. Patriarchal culture encourages sexist, homophobic slurs to hurt someone you believe to have elbowed you. It’s a choice between our grandmothers, mothers, daughters and other women we love, and the use of femininity as a weapon of insult.


It’s practically gospel truth largely taken for granted as the discourse has moved on, especially in the more dynamic countries, to the pursuit of knowledge capital for still higher levels of development that’s inclusive and sustainable.
While the Philippines has made strides in this direction, much more needs to be done to be at par with our more progressive Asean neighbors. For instance, of education’s increased budget of P365 billion for 2015, P43.3 billion was given to state universities and colleges (SUCs)—an increase of nearly 14 percent over that for 2014. This readily explains why even our best universities lag behind their global and regional counterparts.
This calls for massive government investment in high-level knowledge capital—the so-called “suprastructure” of long-term economic growth.
The object of our educational system shouldn’t just be producing hordes of college graduates who can’t find good jobs, but also graduates in fields and with skills that the economy actually needs. Let’s hope that that doesn’t reflect any or all of the candidates’ lack of interest in this all-important subject for self-sustaining, inclusive development. Instead, Filipino workers are pushed deeper into the pit of misery—unemployment, slave labor, unjust wage, insecurity of jobs, unsafe working conditions, exploitation, harassment and commoditization. Let us strengthen our voice and stand up to the abuses and exploitation of workers, and put our trust in our collective power as a people to defend the rights gained by the struggles of the Filipino workers. Note how these economic activities, especially banking and real estate, are primary sources of wealth for the country’s top billionaires.
Fifteen years ago, this share was smaller (although unduly dominant even then) at 55 percent.
It is not clear if such affirmative action for our southern regions has been sustained since then. Agriculture, while a traditional mainstay in that region, grew by a relatively sluggish 2.4 percent. In other words, much more is happening in our economy than what we can see in Metro Manila.
We could all do much more to strengthen our local economies and raise their contribution to overall growth. This way I am helping strengthen the local economy, and avoid further concentrating income and wealth in the capital.
Pulse Asia’s last survey also points to Duterte as the winner (33 percent), followed by Roxas (22 percent), Poe (21 percent) and Binay (17 percent).
But from what I gathered in conversations with him and from his public statements, honest business need not worry; he isn’t going to interfere. The Aquino administration was consumed by its fascination with cash; longer term, wider benefit wasn’t in its equation. Finally, the sector on which the poorest depend will get some attention after languishing in the doldrums for so long.
He wants to restrict smoking as he did in Davao, but smoking (through sin taxes) provided close to P40 billion of the 2015 health budget. For Manila, principally, it should be trains, but putting such project in place will entail time beyond his term.
Certain characters were introduced to me: allies of the Marcos regime such as Prime Minister Cesar Virata and Armed Forces chief Fabian Ver, and those who broke their allegiance to the Marcoses, such as Juan Ponce Enrile and Fidel Ramos. I admired these qualities so much, and I was struck and deeply moved why such a great man was killed. He was treated inhumanely: During visits his family members weren’t even able to touch him because there was a screen between them.
I read about the opulent lifestyle that the Marcoses had back then, and it filled me with so much rage.
As I was browsing Facebook one day, I found one post saying that the Philippines was at its “golden age” during the Marcos regime. This is a huge cause for concern because the youth spend so much time in social media sites where wrong information can easily be ingrained in them.
We are glad that they allowed us to engage them in this friendly tournament as we strive to foster an overall sense of community and teamwork between our organizations. The hotel business, by contrast, was down due to the closure of the InterContinental Manila late last year. Due to the lower extraordinary trading gain, net income in the first quarter this year went down to P3 billion from P3.36 billion in the same quarter last year. BlogOn the Photos page you will see the pictures I took at this years Fantasy Fest in Key West. Genoa provided the sailors, ship captains, and the know-how for the later Portuguese and Spanish explorations.
Food that was spoiled or even rotten became palatable when the rich spices of the Orient were added.
They were four to five times larger than European ships and possessed a technology not known to Europeans. At other times they extorted large payments in order to allow merchant ships to pass through their waters.
He was especially interested in exploring the west coast of Africa, which became the key area for providing African slaves to Portugal -- now the key European slave market. Some believe it was in Nova Scotia, others in Newfoundland, and some believe it might have been in Maine. He then successfully sailed across the Pacific Ocean to the Indonesian islands, westward through the Indian Ocean to the tip of Africa, and then northward to England where he arrived in 1580. Later colonies were established at Plymouth (1620) by Pilgrim settlers, the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1629, and the Connecticut Colony in 1636. Because India had traditionally served as a middle man in trading Chinese products, especially porcelain and silk to Africa and Italy, the company gained control of that industry as well. Columbus seemed to them to be a means by which new wealth could be acquired from a new route to the Spice Islands as well as confiscation of the fabled gold deposits in the New World. They were offered one alternative to emigration, and that was conversion to the Christian faith. He and the crew immediately gave thanks to God for a safe arrival in a worship service and he planted both the royal banner of Spain and a wooden cross on the beach of the island he named a€?San Salvadora€? -- Holy Savior. Walter Neves, an anthropologist at the University of Sao Paulo, who made the initial discovery along with an Argentine colleague, Hector Pucciarelli. Not to mention Egyptian mummies and German skeletons that show strong amounts of nicotine in their remains, people who died long before the European voyagers of the 16th century began shipping tobacco from the New World to Europe. But we do know that from the traditional European perspective, the explorer who first a€?discovereda€? the New World in modern times was Christopher Columbus. However, towards the end of the 20th century other voices began to question and attack his motives and his treatment of the islandsa€™ original inhabitants. Did not Christ die for their salvation as well as for the Spanish, Portuguese, and Italians? With Columbus saying confession and hearing mass, were some ninety pilots, seamen, and crown appointed officials. They would leave behind Spain and Portugal, the a€?end of the world,a€? and head straight into the Mare Oceanum, the Ocean Sea. And most bizarre of all, we dona€™t knowa€”and will probably never knowa€”the spot where he came ashore. As he put it in 1500, a€?God made me the messenger of the new heaven and the new earth of which he spoke in the Apocalypse of St. He read from the Vulgate Bible and the church fathers but, typical for his era, mingled astrology, geography, and prophecy with his theology.
Some protest that Columbus was greedy and obsessively ambitious, so he couldna€™t have been truly religious, as if competing qualities cannot exist in one person.
Few took it as a sign of land, but when the crew gathered to sing Salve Regina (a€?Hail, Queena€?), Columbus instructed his men to keep careful lookout.
In spite of that it later came to pass as Jesus Christ our Savior had predicted and as he had previously announced through the mouths of His holy prophets.a€¦ I have already said that reason, mathematics, and maps of the world were of no use to me in the execution of the enterprise of the Indies. He also, a Christopher, a a€?Christ-bearer,a€? would carry Christ across the wide Ocean Sea to peoples who had never heard the Christian message. That sailor would go on a holy pilgrimage to a shrine of the Virgin Mary if they landed safely. That was a mere 155 years away, and much had to happen: all peoples of the world would convert to Christianity, the Holy Land would be rescued from the infidels, the Antichrist would come. If Columbus could find enough gold in the Indies especially if he could find the lost mines of Solomon, which were known to be in the Easta€”he could pay for a Holy Land crusade. Columbus wanted gold not only for himself, but also for a much larger reason: to pay for the medieval Christiana€™s dream, the retaking of the Holy Land.
In his will, Columbus instructed his son Diego to support from his trust four theology professors to live on Hispaniola and convert the Indians. Some have criticized Columbus for the a€?providential and messianic delusions that would come to grip him later in lifea€? and accused him of megalomania. Magellan spent several days with the man and prayed for him, asking God to heal him and to show the islanders His power. He then had them killed and took slaves from the other peoples through whose territories he passed. Rather than covering him and hiding the event, Ham told his brothers, who then went in to cover their father. The steady use of silver and gold by Spain greatly increased the amount available in Europe, drove the value of silver and gold down, and resulted in Spain becoming one of the least financially healthy nations in Europe. 21, 1983, led to anti-Marcos protests that ultimately toppled  the dictatorship that was marred by massive human rights violations and corruption in the country. Her move also underscores the importance of not passively accepting victimhood, nor surrendering to mob rule. This kind of behavior is unacceptable, and is a threat to our democracy and violates our basic rights,” she added. Just consider how an entire nation could be judged solely by the lack of civility of its leader. Loss of loved ones, properties, livelihood and the personal trauma of those who survived have not been erased by the decades that have passed. That, indeed, there exists the Marcoses’ ill-gotten wealth.  The compensation (P10 billion) comes mainly from a Marcos stash in Swiss banks that the Swiss government returned. But there is so much more out there, among them, the hundreds of artworks that are in the millions of dollars each.
Think of the early women’s rights activists in America, those female Quakers who organized the 1848 Seneca Falls Convention in a chapel.
Presidentiables and their supporters milked the issue until another Duterte mishap comes along.
Upward of P3 billion was made available for scholarships under SUCs and more than P2 billion for scholarships administered by the Commission on Higher Education. This human capital will create a knowledge-based economy driven not just by brawn but [also] brains, tapping into one of our richest but least developed resources.
The best of them should be sent abroad for advanced degrees, and then brought home with sufficient incentives and an environment conducive to research. Hardly anyone in the Top 15 Forbes list has substantial involvement in manufacturing, much less agriculture or agribusiness. Central Luzon was a close second with 9-percent growth, propelled by manufacturing growth of 19.1 percent, along with construction, banking and agriculture. Government agencies, for one, can consciously raise the share of the regions in their public investment budgets. If all of us who had the choice between shopping in local neighborhood stores and in urban centers consciously chose the former, we would help spread the economy’s growth more evenly across the Philippine countryside. Others played vital roles in the success of the revolution, like Jaime Cardinal Sin and June Keithley. I couldn’t bear that someone had to undergo something as harsh as that, especially if they didn’t do anything wrong.
How can you book expensive trips to various places, buy extravagant jewels and lots of pricey shoes, while the rest of the country went hungry?
From then on, I didn’t exactly turn into an Aquino loyalist, but I did become opposed to the Marcoses. And if the youth are to be the hope of this country, they need to be properly informed on the issues that the nation faced in the past and the lessons that it should have learned. And while his family reigned supreme in our land for decades, did he even care a little bit about the welfare of his countrymen who were being deprived of their rights due to his family’s wrongdoing?
Never again will the people be deprived of their freedom to voice out their thoughts and opinions. Key consumer loan portfolios composed of home and auto loans and credit card receivables rose by 62 percent.
The largest ships were over 400 feet long and 150 wide and were protected by a fleet of military vessels manned by over 20,000 soldiers.
A second exploratory journey in 1498 was ill-fated and probably returned to England by 1500.
Drake was the second European to successfully sail around the world, and achieved what Magellan did not -- he personally completed the entire trip (Magellan died in the Philippines).
The establishment of these colonies resulted in a great wave of English settlers arriving in North America during the decade 1630-1640. Quebec remained the only significant French land holding in North America, which was quickly engulfed by large numbers of English who founded and settled British Canada.
Thus, in seventy days Columbus completed an historic transatlantic voyage that eventually led to European settlement in what would later be called the New World. The term a€?Indiana€? was decried as a demeaning term, and Columbus was described as a slave trading, gold seeking, ego-maniac. Later that day they would row to their ships, ColA?n taking his place on the Santa MarA­a, a slow but sturdy flagship no longer than five canoes. But even if they reached the Indies, how would they get back, since currents and winds all seemed to go one way? At least once he appeared in public wearing a Franciscan habit and the ordera€™s distinctive cord.
Even when Columbus forcibly subjugated Hispaniola in 1495, he believed he was fulfilling a divine destiny for himself and for Aragon and Castile and for the holy church. Feverish and in deep despair, he wrote, a€?I dragged myself up the rigging to the height of the crowa€™s nest.a€¦ Still groaning, I lost consciousness. Fearing his men would tell the story of the Spanish losses to the Spanish ships, in 1541 he turned westward into Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Texas, then to the banks of the Mississippi River in present-day Mississippi where De Soto died if a high fever. Patriarchal women have internalized the social programming to think like men and to practice a value hierarchy where feminine traits play second fiddle to and women are judged through a man’s norm.
In 2010, the Philippines ranked 89th in the global Knowledge Economy Index, way behind Singapore, which placed 19th. Further, it recommends that in areas where we lack expertise, world-class professors and researchers should be enticed to teach here and work with their local counterparts, in a similar manner that Singapore was able to considerably shorten its learning curve. Little wonder that the tag “Imperial Manila” continues to resonate and raise emotions among our compatriots in the south. Banks can make a conscious push for more loans in the countryside rather than allow rural savings to be siphoned off to Manila-based enterprises.
I’ve always believed that people should always be able to do whatever they want, as long as it doesn’t negatively impact on society or on others.
25, during the commemoration of Edsa I, I made it a point to watch documentaries about those trying years. Then the fateful day came that he was assassinated at the airport, and the documentary was concluded. I was shocked that some people could still live normally even with tons of skeletons in their closets. Consumer loans as a percentage of total loans moved up to 11 percent in the first quarter from 7 percent a year ago.
Four priests eventually volunteered to travel to China but soon returned to Rome after experiencing culture-shock along the Silk Road. Drake was also a major participant in the active slave trade in which England was a main competitor with the Spanish and Portuguese in the lucrative slave trade which dealt with not only African slaves, but also slaves taken from the Caribbean Islands. This is considered to be the first Christian victory over the Islamic Moors in Spain, in the long struggle called the Reconquista. How could the Spanish Catholic determine who truly converted and who did so outwardly simply to avoid emigration? I heard a voice in pious accents saying, a€?O foolish man and slow to serve your God, the God of all! Church leaders began to identify this curse with skin color -- dark slaves taken from Africa. She was very interested in early explorers and told her children many of these stories over and over again. Hence, with rumors of vast supplies of gold and silver in the New World, and even the possibility of reaching the Spice Islands from the opposite direction taken by the Portuguese had great promise. These people questioned dominant culture, a world view prevalent in one’s society and unconsciously expressed through ways of thinking and doing things. Other businesses can explore branching out into the provinces more actively (there are vast untapped opportunities out there!). Inside your bedroom, for example, smoke as much as you want to; or you can indulge yourself with too much sugar (or, in my case, wine).
They lack the interest to read and to fully understand the information being given to them. The continents of North and South America were so large almost anyone could land there sailing from Europe. She remarked that he seemed to have grown old mindlessly, that he was probably gay: “Parang wala kang pinagkatandaan. And moneyed provincial residents can consciously invest in countryside-based enterprises rather than whisk off their capital to Metro Manila or, worse, overseas. I even find some who are vocal of their support for Bongbong Marcos in his run for the vice presidency, and who testify that the Aquino administration did nothing to improve the country. I could not believe the courage that she had on display.After I took her picture I told her how my father was currently battling cancer and as she saw the tears well up in my eyes she offered me a hug and some words of encouragement. But to find his way back again to his home port in Spain -- that was a demonstration of his advanced sailing skills. From the hour of your birth he has always had a special care of you.a€™ a€? The voice continued at length and closed with a€?Be not afraid, but of good courage.
He was nicknamed Henry the Navigator because when he became an influential prince, he spear headed the drive for Portugal to hit the seas and travel to Asia. Government’s only role should be to inform you of the consequences of your health-consuming habits. I was so moved I had to walk away to collect myself.I have no idea who this lady is or anything about herexcept that she is unbelievably brave. The Spanish take credit for naming the Philippine Islands for Philip II of Spain, but their competitor, Portugal, claimed that they named the islands for Philippa, the mother of Henry the Navigator. There were thousands of women in Key West and most of them were fully clothed because of their fear of exposing themselves. I have put her on my list of life's heroes.They say that beauty is in the eye of the beholder.
From now on when the greatest college football players of all time are being discussed his name will be brought up.
In my opinion people that make a big deal out of their religion are trying to convince themselves andreally don't believe. Tebow was ill but went ahead and played anyway, some people would say this proves how tough he is.
Tebow been thinking about the team and what was best for the team it never would have happened. Tebow should not have been in the game but he was becuaseheis trying topad his stats so he can win another Hiesman Trophy and the Gators can win another national championship.If something is good enough to be the best no one has to make it look better than it is.
Leaving your best players in a football game so the team can gain more yards and score more touchdowns might get more voters to notice you but it is short sighted. There is a reason some teamsalways stay on top and it is because they tkae the first team out during blow outs and give the second and third teams playing time. Tebow played when he was sick and stayed in the game after it was out of hand because he wanted personal recognition and his coach wants team recognition.If selfishness and greed are part of christianity is it really good enoughfor anyone to follow?This past week there has been a lot of attention brought to the civility of Americans. West's interuption of Ms Swift's acceptance speech and of course Representative Wilson's "You Lie" moment during Pres. Obama's speech.Or the three of these I would give a pass to Ms Williams as she was on a field of competiton and let her emotions get the better of her.
By her own admition she made a mistake and seems to be honestly remorseful.It is unclear if what Mr. If it was a stunt, well It was still in bad taste and if it was not a stunt then it was just plane rude.Certainly this man is entitled to his opinion and he should be allowed to voice that opinion. Wilson, I understand that politics are a nasty business but they do have rules of decorem that are to be strictly adhered to.
We all have to interact with one another and I think our world would be a better place if we all tried to remember the Golden Rule.
Let us all do unto others as we would have them do unto us.As so many people have had tough times recently I have been in a bit of a funk. One thing that keeps me going is remembering what someone told me years ago and that is that all things will pass. As we go through good times we should remember that this too shall pass and as we go through the tough times we must remember that good times are on the other side of these problems.I think that the good times are getting closer for me personally and for the country in general. His cancer treatments were making him very ill so the Doctors stopped the Chemo but conitued the full Radation regimen. I think they areoptimisticabout the coming surgery to remove all of the cancer.I do not understand these people that think our current healthcare system is just fine and does not need overhauled. Perhaps they can make it a little less broke.The cost of my parent's healthcare is a signifcant percentage of their retirement income and a few years back when I had to have my gall bladder removed my bills forced me into bankruptcy. Our current system does nothing but benefit big healthcare companies at the expense of the American population. I don't know what the answers are as a matter of fact I probably don't even know what the questions are.
I do know that we are the wealthiest nation the world has ever seen and for any member of our society to suffer because of the greed of others is simply unacceptable.
If a chain is only as strong as its weekest link isn't also a society only as healthy as its sickest citizen?The indivdual health of each Americanaffects us all.
The healthier each indivdual is the healthier our society is, isn't it?I have heard of cancer clusters before but I never thought I would be the cause of one.My father is just finishingfour weeks of chemo and radiationand getting ready for surgery to remove the rest of his tumor and thishas been very trying for him and the rest of us in the family as well. In about two weeks I havetostart a job for anothercouple and he has cancer.I cannot remember the last time I knew someone that was undergoing cancer treatments, now I know four. Obviously, I understand it is so much more difficult for them but it wears on me night and day.I like to help people and I like to make people feel good. I get to the end of the job and all of the sudden he has a problem, I'm insulted.This was a job that I sub-contracted from someone else andI guess there was a communication breakdown which caused the problem, so I guess I learned another lesson.
I am finished sub-contracting work from another painter.So last Friday I was on my way home from work and it was pouring down rain. I felt as though I was driving a little too fast so I slowed down to about 45 MPHbut it was not enough I hit a flooded out piece of road and started to hydroplane.
The vehicle went off the road and into the wet grass, the saturated ground sucked me in and I lost control of the wheel and then my truck flipped over.My first thought was, "this is gonna hurt". My second thought, as I hung there by my seatbelt,was, " how in the hell am I gonna get outta here".Someone knocked on my window to let me know that they called 911 and I told him I was OK and I never saw him again. I eventually figured out how to get out and as I emerged from my truck I saw the Sherriff's Deputy walk up to me.I was able to find my wallet and cell phone and as I sat in the back of the police cruiser I called my Dad.
I felt like such an ass putting this extra pressure on my Dad right now, he just doesn't need this. After being picked up and being taken back to my parent's house my Dad gave me some dry clothes and I went into the bathroom to put them on and it hit me for the first time, I could have died and I broke down in tears. It is a chance for him to make alittle money but more importantly it is a great opportunity for me to teach him to stay in school.
As hesets out on his vision quest his passions and prejudices will shape a life for him that only he can know if it is right. I only hope he doesnot disappoint himself.I went to a small little get together last night and I met some very nice people. Several things happened that made me think.One of the first things I noticed was the racial make-up and dispersement of the people. I did not make a count but there was about equal numbers of black and white people present and as usual the party split with two groups. One group was predominantly white and the other black.I had only met one person that was there so I cannot attest to the racial beliefs of the party goers but everyone seemed very polite and I sensed no racism of any sort. As a matter of fact everyone seemed to be very cordial to the people of opposite race.I do believe that most people simply feel more comfortable around people like themselves. We all grew up learning certain behaviors that are common to our race and different from others. When we have a choice most of us will go with the people with similiar cultural concepts.One thing I heard that I never thought of before, and now wonder why I did not was, "I do not judge people based on the color of their skin".
This past week it came to my attention that getting de-baptized has become popular in America.
If an adult decides to join a religion and wants to get baptized well more power to them, however, when baptism is forced upon infants or immature children I do not see the purpose. What does the child receiving the sacrament get but more importantly what do the adults get out of forcing their beliefs on someone that cannot make a conscious decision to join them.?The Universal Church of Freedom, Acceptance and Love will definitely be setting up a sacrament of de-baptizing for those that felt as though they were originally baptized against their will. I was in grade school when my parents decided to become members of The Lutheran Church I was baptized soon after.
I was to young to understand it and looking back I started questioning the christian religion even then.
I also remember not repeating everything that I was supposed to.On the other end of this is the thought that perhaps we should have a sacrament for those that now want to consciously join our religion. I have come to accept death as a condition of life and I understand that my father will die some day, hopefully not yet,so that is not the difficult part.My father is one of the toughest men I have ever known and I have never seen anything beat him.
Am I man enough to do what needs to be done and help the other members of my family get through this?
There are many things that I need my father to tell me so that we as a family will be prepared for life without him but how can I ask him now?
I do not want to be even the least bit negative in my thinking but our business and my mother's future depends upon me knowing these answers.
I do not know the percentages or the doctors prognosis for survival so my hopes are of only the best outcome.
Quite honestly I do not handle death very well so it would be best for me if I was the next member of my family to pass away, not that I have any plans for this.
My parents have given me so much and it has never been in doubt that I would be there for them but now that this time is coming can I step up and carry the load that my father has been carrying since his father died almost thirty years ago? If two consenting adults chose to have sex after exchanging money it does not affect anyone but those two people.People that are againstprostitution probably need to get laid.
If you have been paying attention to the news and recent events it should be clearthat our lawmakers are not even moral by their own standards.
The party of family values, the GOP, has been headlining the news with sex scandals on a regular basis. It might not be money, it might be dinner and a movie or it might be agreeing to do something around the house or it might be having to share emotions.
Besides you are not actually paying for the sex, you are actually paying for her to leave when the sex is over.Sex is sex it does not matter who does it our what agreements are made before doing it, it is sex. Sex is fun and sex is not damaging to anyone if it is done between two or more consenting adults. If more people did it less people would be so uptight about it.I hope the everyone had a great 4th of July. I am not usually the type to make a big deal about holidays but July 4th is all about FREEDOM.
Our founding fathers came together and and decided that they did not need to take it anymore.
If they were alive today they would probably be in prison.I am not suggesting that thesegreat men of yesterday should be held to the standards of today but if they could not change those attitudes they would be in big trouble. I cannot imagine what George Washington would say about being told to wear a seatbelt to protect himself or Thomas Jefferson being told he couldsexually harrasss his employees.We have some pretty good evidence that the founding fathers were pretty much drunk most of the time and probably smoked hemp as well. Yourmight not think that your vote will count but if you are not registered then you do not even have a voice.
You haveoptions other than Democrat and Republican, personally I am an Independent and I vote. I e-mail myrepresentatives eventhough I am sure they do not actually read the e-mail, I send, I know someone does and if I write enough and I am eloquent enough my voice will be heard and my feelings will be passed up the chain, yours will also.Ain't none of us getting out of this world alive. I never wish death upon anyone and would never rejoice at the death of another but I shall not lose a moments sleep ever this man's death. I do not know if he molested a child but I do know he did things that he should not have done. He did things that harmed children.I do not now nor will I ever understand fans that act as though they just lost a family member when acelebrity dies. Iremember being shocked when Elvis died and saddened when John Wayne died and when Dale Earnhardt died I was stunned but come on. How can the death of a person that I never knew be equated to this?One person that I mourned deeply that was not a family memeber was one of my college professors, a great man named Dr. I played football in college so we were there before school started and in the first couple of days all of the freshman sort of made fun of Dr. The upper classmen soon set us straight and made it known to us that this was a man to be honored. I was surprised when he wished me good morning and called me by my name, we had never been introduced. As I learned later this man memorized the names and photo's of every incoming freshman and that is how he knew my name.
This act touched my sole in a way that I never thought could happen and when I learned of Dr. Kenney's death I knew that this world would never be the same without him.As I write this I have tears streaming down my face as I remeber a man that so few people knew but he impacted this world more than all of the celebrities put together ever will. Being as I am a painter I work outside in all kinds of weather and I just cannot understand how others act in uncomfortable weather conditions.Yes it is hot and yes it is uncomfortable but some people act as though it is actually painful.
A couple of weeks ago when I went to my son's graduation I was one of the few men dressed appropriately in a sport jacket and tie. I saw people dressed in shorts and t-shirts that were sweating just as much as I was and looked just as uncomfortable as I was so what exactly was their point?In this record setting heat I have no air conditioner.
It is only a $15.00 part and should only take a couple minutes to change, I just don't care enough about it to do it. I think most Americans are really becoming pussies.I don't like the cold weather but heat I get used to.
I grew up in Ohio and I have shoveled snow in bitter cold with wind chills well below zero. Sure you can put on more layers of clothing but you can only put on so many pairs of socks and only one pair of gloves and your face is usually unprotected. My family and friends tell me that these women are destroying my life and I need to leave them but it is not them, it is me.They do not destroy my life, I do.
I will admit that my selection of women is not all that good but I cannot ever seem to make a relationship work.
I work too hard and flirt too much and I am too strong willed,my relationships suffer.I have become happy with who I am eventhough I cannot seem to find a person that wants to share my life for very long. From time to time I do get lonely but I do not mind being alone.This past week a small kitten showed up at my house. It does not want to be picked up but it is getting to be more comfortable with me, I can pet it when I feed it. My new cat is starting to trust me and this gives me hope.Some day I will get another chance. Somewhere there is a person that be will becomfortable with me and learn to trust me eventhough I am who I am.Last week my niece graduated from high school and this week my son will as well. I can recall that i had so much potential to make something of my life and make a difference in the world.I do not know if I will ever reach the potential I once had but I believe I am happy with my life.
As far as making a difference, with the number of people that visit this site and read my thoughts, I must be touching someone. As I have said so many times I am not trying to make anyone believe the things I believe, I just want people to honestly think about what they believe.For all of the young people graduating from high school and college around the country my best wishes go out to you all. He has been terrorized for years because he is one of few doctors in America that performs late term abortions.
The radical right finally got rid of him.Why do anti abortionists call themselves "pro life"? A person is not"pro life" when they are in favor of murder and killing as ways to solve problems.
Only a person of very limited intelligence is unable to find another way of solving problems other than resorting to violence.It is a dream of mine that no woman ever need to abort her fetus, but I understandthat some times it is needed and all women should be able to have that option. I do understand that a society does need these options that are"anti life" but we need to do our best to limit the usage of these methods.I went to Hulover Beach for Memorial Day and a little something happened that reminded me why I started this website. I was lying on the beach doing my crossword puzzle and minding my own business when all of a sudden some lady started yelling at me.Haulover's clothing optional section is clearly marked so if she was surprised that I was naked it was her own fault. She did have some small children with her so I can understand that she would not want these children to be playing close to naked people but all she had to do was move down the beach and the problem would have been solved. She insisted upon being belligerent and making a scene and calling us sick and perverts.I can handle being called a pervert by ignorant people but this kind of an attitude upsets me.
Had she not said anything and just moved down the beach tthe children would have thought nothing of it.
I guess there are a lot of people that think we should be ashamed of our bodies but these people have issues that they need to deal with.I am not as young as I once was and my once athletic figure is not as nice as it used to be but I am not ashamed of my body and neither should anyone else. Today too many drivers are under the immpression that they are the only ones that matter or the only ones on the road.
I will never understand why people drive in the left hand lane of the freeway when they will not even come within 10 mph of the speed limit. They just continue straight ahead like a moving pylon oblivious to the hazards they cause.Cell phones are one thing that can cause some really bad driving and I don't know why. I have a cell phone and I talk on it while I drive but I make sure that the driving is the most important part of my life at that momment. If a person can drive and talk to passengers in the vehicle than we should be able to talk to someone on the phone.I cannot understand why anyone would ever try to text while driving and yet I see this quite often. She had a bumper sticker that reminded people to not drink amd drive and she proceeded to drive off the side of the road and almost wrecked in front of me trying to get straightened out.
She turned down the same street I was turning on and she continued driving like a fool so I blew my horn at her. She used one finger to wave at me and then I noticed she also had a license plate that had "In God We Trust" on it. If you do not love your mother, I hope the two of you can resolve your differences.I am not a big fan of doing something nice for someone just because it is a holiday. If the people in your life do not know that you love them based upon the things you do all year long, one or two days a year won't make a difference.
I never make a big deal out of mothers day or birthdays or any other particular day, I try to show that I care every day.I have known people that make a big deal out of showing how much they love their families on special occassions. I am pretty damned sure the people close to me know that I love them but that won't stop me from doing those little things that prove it.
Was this minister more interested in his parishoners salvation or the amount of money collected in that plate?A few years later I was living in Alabama and I would go to church occasionally with my girlfriend and her mother. One dayI overheard a discussion about how the minister wanted my girlfriends mother to contribute more money to the church. This old widow lady lived on a very small social security income and I got more than just a little upset.I told her that she has given enough to the church through the years and now it is her turn to receive.
She made a comment about god providing and I brought up the fact that Ken provided her groceries the week before.
Within a few weeks I moved back to Ohio.Recently I was at my parents house and I noticed an envelope on the counter. It had the name of my parents church on it and it had a place to fill in an amount and a place for their name. If people want to give to a church that is fine but I believe it should be doneanonymously.What right does a church have to shame and intimidate people into donating money?
People will give what they can afford and what they feel is appropriate and anyone that needs to use strong arm tactics to force people to give more are no better than an extortionist.A few years back I was supposed to paint a house for a couple but about one week from the date they called me and told me that due to family problems they would have to cancel.
When I first met the Smiths Mrs.Smith was an attractive woman with a very friendly personallity. I soon realized that though this vibrant lady was going through a battle for her life she lost her hair but not her friendly personallity.From time to time as I face troubles in my own life I call on my memories of the Smiths and how they dealt with problems far worse than anything I might have been going through.
I was searching online for some information on a radio personality that I listen to and as Iread about this person I learned some things about another person on the same radio program.I have never metthis other person but on air she is a very bubbly person.
Her on air persona is that of an "airhead" but from exchanging e-mails with her I came to find out sheis much smarter than she acts on air. As a matter of fact the other members of the show often discuss how she is always happy and upbeat.Some people in this world get dealt badcards and decide to fold their hand, some people play the hand they are dealt and winthe game. I have found a new source of inspirationand another reason to keep playing the game of life.Last week I heard sports storyabout NBA great Isiah Thomas taking a job at a Florida University and donating his salary back to the school. Thomas is a very wealthy man and he is still being paid by the New York Knicks so it is not a monetary sacrifice butwith the amount of work requiredto be a college coach it is a lot of work to do for free.I heard Mr. Thomas make a statement that this is something he feels he needs to do because when he was young he took advantage of youthprogramsthat required charitable donations from others.
Thomas has gotten a lot of bad press the last couple of years but thislittle bit of good sure helps make up for a whole lot of bad.
It makes me wonder why more wealthy people cannot give more than just money as a form of charity. Thomas has a chance to touch lives and make a difference and he is asking nothing in return.Often times I have found myself in situations where I stop to help someone. I am not a mechanic but I can help people with flat tires, dead batteries and simple things. Most of the time when I am done helping out the person offers me payment and I always say thesame thing, "One day awhile back someone gave me a favor and today I am giving that favor to you.
The only thing Iask in return is that some day you give this favor to someone else that needs it."Wouldn't the World be a better place if people stopped thinking money is the most important thing? Wouldn't it be nice if people just helped out because it was the right thing to do and not because there was something in it for them? I don't do nice things for people fopr money and I don't do nice things because I am trying to buy my way into Heaven.
Greed is much like pornography in that it is hard to define but we all know it when we see it.
Of course we all have different visions, don't we?It seems to me our greed is destroying us, The cause of the world's financial meltdown is none other than greed. Greed of Wall Street, Greed of Banks, Greed of Speculators, Greed from our Politiciansand the list goes on. People at the helm once told the rest of us no, you cannot afford this but lately due to their own greed they started showing us how we could get it eventhough we cold not afford it.The collapse of the housing market was in a large part due to the Greed of Realators and Home Builders. For generations the industry stayed clear of Speculators because they knoew it would cause long term problems eventhough they would make short term profits.
Our Banking system has collapsed due toour elected officials taking money from banks toremove regulation from the finacial industry.
Thelarge banks were the largest owners of oil in America and then when the banks went broke what happened to the price of oil?
There is no way possible one man did this.This scam was so large there had to be many, many people involved. If investors had not been so driven by their desire to make money with no effort they would have asked questions and they would have seen the red flags.Desire to make money and have nice things is notGreed. Taking advantage of situations and people to achieve results that benefit a few while harming the masses is just wrong.



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