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Known commonly as “ringing of the ears,” tinnitus is a condition in which a person hears a sound without the stimulus from an external source. Tinnitus is a frustrating and life-altering condition, especially for people who experience chronic tinnitus. Since tinnitus often accompanies hearing loss, managing tinnitus with a hearing aid is the best solution to reduce or mask the sounds.
Zounds now offers the Arenz, a small yet powerful hearing aid system that offers outstanding sound quality and tinnitus management. Author Info AdminZounds Hearing of Chattanooga believes that high end hearing technology should be available an at affordable price. If you are suffering from Tinnitus, then you must read this review of Tinnitus Miracle by Thomas Coleman. Well, first things first, you need to take a look at the medicinal, or pharmaceutical options. However, there is a third option that many people only resort to when all other tinnitus treatment options have been thoroughly exhausted.
My story is one of having a really bad subjective tinnitus – in other words… no surgery could help me. When the credit card bill finally came and I had to make a decision whether to return the rest of the package or pay for it in full – the decision was a no-brainer. Do you find yourself losing all hope when it comes to that odd ear ringing that you think only you suffer from?
You probably feel depressed more often than not and even mentally fatigued from all the concentrating you need to do just to keep up with a normal conversation because of that constant ringing in ears that makes tinnitus so annoying. What I can tell you is that there is no known ear ringing cure (a condition that causes ear ringing) – it’s something that you will have to battle your entire life.
This is however, quite a costly way to find a tinnitus treatment that is suited to you, as doctors fees are expensive enough without the medications they prescribe and procedures they will attempt.
Do not make the same mistake I did and try out all the expensive tinnitus treatment methods before going the natural route. If you have problems with ringing in ears all the time and have been looking for a natural ringing in ears treatment for a long time, then you can stop looking right now. What exactly are these new possibilities that are so much better than modern medicinal tinnitus treatment methods?
When I did finally try Tinnitus Control, a homeopathic tinnitus treatment, I wasn’t expecting much. The second week was a definite improvement but there was still some ear ringing going on – but the tinnitus treatment was going strong so I went for another week.
I have tried various forms of tinnitus treatment, and most of the ringing in the ears treatment offer little to no improvement to the ringing in ears that I had. Now, there are certain surgical procedures that can be attempted, but before doing anything drastic, I really wanted to try any natural cures that could be found.
Well, I’m delighted that I tried it because the ringing in ears subsided after only 3 weeks of constant usage. I truly believe that you should try Tinnitus Control, if for no other reason than it gives you an alternative to modern tinnitus treatment.
It’s something that can only be controlled, and never cured which is a daunting thought if you have been driven mad by ringing in the ears for any amount of time. Well, if you are going to try and control tinnitus, then there is only one way to go – homeopathy. Sure, you could try and go to the doctor, but the problem is that not every tinnitus treatment will work on every person in the same way. Now the homeopathic tinnitus treatment will definitely lower the ear ringing that you experience but the only question is by how much. The thing that grates me about doctors is that they will usually say that homeopathy is not as reliable as their methods – but modern methods of controlling ear ringing are not guaranteed either – they are even more varied than the homeopathic treatments for ear ringing. Healing is possible only if such diseases are examined very carefully and if the actual causes are taken into account during treatment on an individual and person-oriented basis. Therefore it is no surprise that a recently acclaimed treatment model remains to be challenged in public.
NOW THEN: Whoever wants to heal tinnitus must first accept the fact that tinnitus itself does not exist in a vacuum without causal relationships. One model for understanding diseases within a specific context is traditional Chinese medicine (TCM).
In my opinion (which is based upon practical experience), tinnitus can be retraced to this one source in at least 60 % of all cases.
Traditional Chinese medicine offers the following explanation: Apart from reproductive capacities and regeneration, kidneys and their meridians govern the regulation of body fluids, the functioning of joints (hips and knees), hair growth, and functioning of the ears and brain.
For example, tinnitus may also be caused by kidney weaknesses that have developed within an organism resulting from other diseases, or from stress, wrong nutrition and the abuse of alcohol and medical drugs.
For instance, if kidneys suffer from a lack of warmth (which can actually be felt in this area!), then this condition signifies a lack of yang energy. A thorough medical history of the patient plus a clinical examination are necessary in order to recognise such patterns involving tinnitus. Iris diagnostics is one such procedure of analysing the eye in order to recognise diseases. Iris diagnostics goes back to the Hungarian physician von Peczely who presented his discovery to the public in 1881. Basically, any functional disturbance can be appropriately treated within its own specific context. All pains (and all functional pains in particular) can be influenced, alleviated and often completely dissipated by treatment via the ear.
Ear acupuncture is especially suited for use in emergency medical procedures due to its quick and precise access to biochemical interactions in the body. Here it is very important to understand the principle that chronic illness is represented in the ear in the form of lineally organised points.
My practical work with treatment lines has reconfirmed that indeed, when virulent, all points occurring on such lines can be assigned to a specific disease.
When recalling different areas of the ear plus the organs or organ-systems represented there, the innately profound meaning of this concept can be recognised. Since the points found for reflexes or organ disturbances are always situated along a treatment line that runs from zero to the helix across the ear, a certain state of illness is always represented on each of the three germ layers, and all layers are affected by any given treatment.
To illustrate this, I would like to describe two cases of tinnitus and their treatment via the ear.
The patient is 56 years old, a gaunt, highly sensitive woman who has been suffering for years from roaring ear noises accompanied by light deafness. Her medical history reveals that she also has joint problems (clicking) and urine retention despite the urge to pass water. A completely different problem is presented in the case of a younger woman who is 34 years old. Significant relaxation of the psychological situation occurred already after the first treatment and it stabilised after only a few treatments. I would like to emphasise that the symptoms exhibited in both cases also indicated the pathway to treatment. How to cite this article Mahmoudian S, Shahmiri E, Rouzbahani M, Jafari Z, Keyhani MR, Rahimi F, Mahmoudian G, et al. Tinnitus is a debilitating condition that is widespread yet difficult to successfully diagnose and treat. Regarding to McFadden (1982), Tinnitus is the "conscious experience of a sound that originates in an involuntary manner in the head of its owner or may appear to him to be so"1.
Some underlying causes were defined for tinnitus, including otological diseases, tumors, ototoxicity, acoustic trauma, noise-induced and psychological disturbances. Since almost the majority of tinnitus questionnaires for assessing individual's reaction to tinnitus are in English language and there is still no standardized and valid questionnaire in Persian, the provision of a Persian version of these questionnaires according to the culture of Iranian society is inevitable. The first aim of the current study was to investigate the linguistic validity of the Persian Version of the THI as a measure of tinnitus-related reactions in three dimensions 95 International Tinnitus Journal, Vol.
The present study consists of translation and standardization of the original version of THI [25] into Persian version (Linguistic validation) then the reliability of the Persian version of THI has been identified.
In the first step according to the IQOLA protocol26, THI questionnaire was translated by two native speakers of Persian, bilingual in English and Persian, separately translated the original instrument into Farsi (Persian) language (translator 1 and 2).
At the second step of linguistic validation, we used two other translators (5 and 6) with high level of proficiency in Persian and English languages. Before the THI-P can be administered to assess the effects of tinnitus, its test-retest stability must be determined.
The degree of hearing loss is defined as the severity of the hearing loss measured by audiometry. Patients were asked to complete the THI-P questionnaire as part of the initial assessment at the tinnitus center. All analyses were performed using statistical package for social science (SPSS) version 16. Student t-test was used to test for differences between THI scores and its subscales and gender, hearing impairments and tinnitus laterality. From the 25 items of THI-US version translated to Persian version of THI, thirteen items (52%) including 2, 3, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 15, 16, 20, 21 and 22 as an easy translation, six items (24%) including 6, 12, 14, 17, 18 and 19 as a relatively easy translation and finally other six items including 4, 5, 13, 23, 24 and 25 as a difficult translation were evaluated by translators.
The tinnitus characteristics of the 112 subjects attending the tinnitus center to consult about tinnitus management have been summarized in Table 1. The frequency distribution of tinnitus subjects who answered the various items in the THI-P questionnaire has been outlined in Table 3.
The correlation of age and total THI-P score was calculated by Pearson's product and for calculating the effect of sex and total THI-P score we applied independent student t-test.
Pearson product-moment correlations were calculated between the first and second administrations of the THI-P among the tinnitus subjects to assess the strength of the relationship between tests and retest (Figure 2).
We assessed the percentages of "Yes", "Sometimes" and "No" answers and then we calculated the reproducibility (internal consistency reliability) of items in THI-P using the Cronbach's-alpha coefficient. In recent years, the need to assess and consider the consequences of diseases as well as distressing symptoms has been specifically considered in all special facilities of medical and rehabilitation.
Hence, as a first step, standardization and validation of appropriate tools such as psychometric questionnaires are very important in order to evaluate disease or monitor treatment outcomes.
One of our ultimate goals for validating the Persian version of THI and for conducting current study was to develop a standard self-report tinnitus instrument, appropriate to the Persian's culture so that it could be administered as a criterion measure in clinical and research approaches available to clinicians and other researchers who are involved in different aspects of tinnitus subjects.
It is widely agreed that in addition to desirable translation to validate an assessment tool, we should also use the terms adapted for socio-cultural setting of the population which will serve. The translation quality was assessed by translator 3 and 4 using a VAS criterion (from desirable up to absolute undesirable score). In order to determine the divergent or discriminate validity of THI-P, we used the effects of three factors including hearing impairment, gender and age of the tinnitus subjects on the questionnaire scores.
Regarding to other studies, in order to identify validity of THI questionnaires (German, Brazilian, Danish versions), authors administered the correlation between items in translated THI with the other standardized questionnaires (convergent validity structure)33. The most important specifications of one assessing instrument are always including repeatability, consistency and validity of obtained scores. The other part of consistency was related to the correlation between test-retest which was evaluated by Pearson correlation coefficient. In this study, with omitting any of the THI-P items, the acquired score of Cronbach's alpha coefficient as calculated by the total score of Cronbach's alpha coefficient was very close (r = 0.943). In conclusion, this study demonstrated that the Persian version of THI (THI-P) is a valid and reproducible tool to assess the psychological complaints of tinnitus sufferers. We find that THI-P in structural and practical point of view is compatible with the original English version of THI. In this era, the determination of both objective and subjective effects of clinical intervention is critical, because clinicians using outcome measures could make decision about patient's status and the effective treatment. The sound varies depending on the person; it may appear as a rush of air, a clicking, cracking, pop, whistling, or in some rare cases, music. Additionally, 60% of veterans returning from combat zones report cases of tinnitus, as well as hearing loss.
Objective tinnitus is rare, comprising of less than 1% of tinnitus cases; with this type, both the person experiencing tinnitus and a person sitting nearby can hear the sounds.
Age-related hearing loss and noise-induced hearing loss both cause damage to inner ear hair cells.
In these cases, damage to inner ear hair cells may cause them to send phantom signals to the brain to be registered as sound. There is no definitive cure for tinnitus, although treating related medical issues and addressing hearing loss often alleviate the symptoms of tinnitus.
The discreet Arenz is equipped with 16 to 32 channels that are fully programmable for wearers to fine-tune their hearing preferences, capturing a full spectrum of sound and providing clear sound. With 57 ground-breaking patents in technology currently, Zounds Hearing aid systems are able to be used by those with mild to severe hearing loss.
If you have a persistent ringing or buzzing inside your ears you will find there's good possibility that it is tinnitus. This is when there is actually a sound coming from the ear (inner ear muscles spams) and there is precious little that medicines, pharmaceutical or otherwise can help here. I tried all sort of drug combinations, but if it did help, then the side effects were too severe or if there were no side effects the ringing in the ears would become too loud. Now I’m generally highly skeptical of free trial offers – but since I was desperate enough I went with it. Well I want to tell you one thing – it’s not going to last forever and it will not drive you insane. I honestly hope you found this post before you’ve gotten any of these side effects of tinnitus and are just in the beginning phases of tinnitus – my personal congratulations on your initiative!
There is a simpler way and that is to rule out any natural tinnitus treatment methods before going to the doctor.
Which is funny, because whenever I heard about homeopathy, it was always fluff and never sounded like anything good could come of it.
What you need to do is start reading, because those problems that you’ve been having with ear ringing are simply going to disappear. I had practically given up hope of leading a normal life from all the ear ringing that I was subject to.
Well, all that I can say is that by the end of the third week, I was nearly back to normal again and I still use Tinnitus Control regularly as tinnitus is unfortunately an incurable syndrome. Stop thinking about how nice it would be to stop that ear ringing that is getting you down each day.
The noise levels at my previous work were very loud and I developed early onset noise induced hearing loss. I literally tried all that modern medicine had to offer as I have a great medicare plan but it was no use to me whatsoever. It’s a sad reality that all people who suffer from constant ringing in the ears have to face.
Its cheaper as well, and you might as well try the cheapest option since there is no universal cure – that’s not even mentioning the lack of side effects that you get with homeopathy. If you are one of the many people who has been suffering from ear ringing for a long time, just imagine what life would have been like without the internet – the only advice you could get is from someone that had a vested interest in your wallet.


The funny thing is – that it has been proven that you cannot be driven mad by tinnitus but that ear ringing does instill paranoia of being driven mad. It’s not because a homeopathic tinnitus treatment is better than a modern medicinal one, but simply because it is far cheaper and better to use over a long period of time due to the issue of side effect with modern pharmaceutical drugs.
Which for a tinnitus treatment that costs about 3-5 times as much as the homeopathic version, is not simply not good enough. My ringing in the ears didn’t go away until sometime in the third week of use, though I have heard of people with much quicker results (and of course those who had to wait slightly longer). At least I know that homeopathy is going to get rid of the ear ringing eventually – which is more than I can say for some of the products that doctors have recommended to me in the past for my tinnitus problem. I recommend Tinnitus Control because it is the best solution with regards to price and long term use available today. The sounds that drive patients nuts have been described by one patient as: growling, droning or roaring, ringing (similar to that of bells), pulsating, throbbing. Some people become ill following sudden deafness, others become ill due to de-compensated renal metabolism, while a third group may experience blocked cervical vertebrae.
Undoubtedly, these diseases cannot be considered as disturbances of the auditory system alone. The actual problem then is simply that healing is difficult without knowing which factors are causing the disease. I am aware that translating Asiatic understanding of illness into our ways of thinking is not an easy task.
Accordingly, the results are lumbago, cold and painful knees, dizziness, hypo-thyroidism and tinnitus (among other things). Naturally, differential diagnosis also includes the use of other empirical examinations to assist in establishing a sound opinion. Peczely originally taught (as is still being taught today) that certain symptoms within the iris could be associated with certain organic disorders.
However, potential inherent in the ear for providing clues to the aetiology of diseases is often underestimated or even ignored. NOGIER has therefore recommended this therapy for treatment of all complaints relating to the central nervous system such as anxiety conditions, agoraphobia, obsession, concentration deficiency, dizziness, stammering, etc. Various withdrawal programmes designed to manage alcohol abuse, other drug or medicinal drug abuse, smoking, and food craving, for example, enable therapists to confront individual situations of addicted patients.
NOGIER had emphasised in his early publications that pertinent causal connections of a given disease were also visible within the energy lines of the ear in addition to the several respective organ or organ system points.
This is the basis for the far-reaching therapeutic implications that exist in ear acupuncture.
Virulent points are sought and treated along the treatment line that is indicated for the respective diseases and their corresponding points.
During the day it is comprised of a whizzing sound connected with a feeling as though the ears were blocked. Virulent points here are stomach, an endogenous regulation point in the curve of the ant-helix, shoulder and nervous regulation points of shoulder and stomach. The ear noises still occurred but only sporadically after the second treatment and then stopped completely.
Persian language version of the "Tinnitus Handicap Inventory": translation, standardization, validity and reliability. This symptom is a debilitating condition that is widespread yet difficult to successfully diagnose and treat. For some patients with tinnitus this sensation does not interfere with their daily activities and for others it is disabling and restricts their work, sleep, and social activities10,11. Numerous studies using various open-ended or self-report structured questionnaires have been conducted.
For this reason we perform according to the International Quality of Life Assessment protocol (IQOLA) approved by WHO in 1991.
Craig Newman, author of the original questionnaire of THI, has permitted us to develop and use the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory in Persian Language Version. They were asked, if needed, to mention a list of possible translations for some words, sentences and phrases. On the other hand, the words and items on the level of reading ability of 14 years old or less were noticed for linguistic validation of THI-P. All subjects gave written informed consent in accord with the declaration of Helsinki before examinations. So, in retest after one week from filling the first THI-P, the questionnaire was filled again by the same patients. Descriptive statistics, including frequency distributions, means and standard deviation were computed for each item of THI-P.
Multiple linear regression analysis was used to study the effect of gender, hearing loss and the tinnitus laterality on the overall THI score as well as the functional, emotional and catastrophic subscales.
In this study, the research method and the role of subjects were explained clearly and completely. The translation clarity exception in one item (item 17) which was evaluated as relatively desirable, in the other 24 items (96%) of THI-P was evaluated as desirable. Most of tinnitus subjects (72.7%) perceived one type of tinnitus sound, while others complained of sensation of more than one type of sound on different occasions.
Scatter plots illustration the relationship between the THI-P score and the age in all subscales.
As shown in Figure 2, the scatter plot indicates the correlation between the first (test) and second (retest) administration of the THI-P and their subscales on tinnitus subjects.
Scatter plots illustration the correlation between the first (test) and second (retest) administration of the THI-P and their subscales. Researches in many different countries around the world in this area indicate the global emphasis on the importance of these assessments. This symptom is as a common problem which can affect several aspects of patients' life including: going to sleep, understanding speech, depression, irritation, concentration and worse on awakening. To acquire this expressed goal, it was necessary to translate and standardize the original version of THI and then to evaluate the test-retest reliability of the THI-P.
The measure of difficulty of Persian translation of THI was evaluated by translator 1 and 2 using a visual analogue scale from easy up to difficult (VAS; 100 mm total length).
The measure of this criterion administers three measures including clarity scores, common language and identifies conceptual equivalence. Both convergent and discriminate validity methods were used for identifying validity of original English version of THI19. In current research the reliability of THI-P was evaluated from two 102 International Tinnitus Journal, Vol. We obtained 0.96 in Persian THI version, consistent with significant correlation in retest. The findings showed that none of the items of the Persian version of the questionnaire need to be removed.
Also, THI-P could be administered as a standard measuring instrument for patients and clinicians all over Iran. Henceforth, THI-P could be used for both clinical and research purposes by different professionals like audiologists, otolaryngologists, psychiatrists and could be also used for monitoring, treatment and rehabilitative effects on the life's quality of tinnitus sufferers. ENT and Head & Neck Research Center, Hazrat Rasoul Akram Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran. Department of Audiology, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS). Department of Biometry, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS). For some, the sound lasts for just five minutes, while others experience chronic tinnitus, which means the phantom sounds of tinnitus accompany them all day.
Problems with the ear bone and earwax blockage in the ear canal may lead to hearing loss, as well as certain classes of drugs which damage inner ear hair cells. The Arenz provides up to 90% noise cancellation, while Shock Sound Suppression and Dynamic Feedback Cancellation provide wearers with a natural, comfortable listening experience. Zounds Hearing of Chattanooga is located at 1511 Gunbarrel Road, Suite 107, Chattanooga, TN 37421. Even though thousands of people suffer from this affliction, almost no improvement has been made about the fix for this affliction, until recently.
What we can do, however, is bring it under our control once and for all and make sure that we are not being driven insane by a constant ringing in the ears. Well, when you’re desperate, and modern medicine isn’t helping… where do you go?
There is no way I’m ever going off this tinnitus treatment (at least not until a proper cure is found).
Human beings are far too resilient to be driven insane by some silly ear ringing all that quickly. Modern medicine has found a variety of ways to contain and control this condition through a wide variety of different tinnitus treatment methods. Now I only say this because I did it the other way around and it was only after having spent thousands of dollars on various way to get rid of the ear ringing that I was suffering from that I tried out natural methods. Well, I’m happy that I was wrong as it has helped me to lead a pretty normal life since I started using it. It might not be what the doctor ordered, but then again, the doctors are all after money – aren’t they? You doctor tells you that “everybody reacts differently” to treatment and Tinnitus ear ringing isn’t curable anyway. Yes, it got so bad that I couldn’t get to sleep without a heavy dose of medication – I was slowly being driven crazy by the constant ringing in the ears. However, my life has improved in leaps and bounds and is exactly how it was before I had any ringing in my ears.
Get a natural, homeopathic tinnitus treatment such as Tinnitus Control and start living your life properly again. It’s called Tinnitus Control, and is available on a free trial offer if you are skeptical – and don’t worry, I was skeptical too! Just remember that the free trial is available for 4 weeks, and in less time than that I got results that were miles better than any modern tinnitus treatment I had tried. Use Tinnitus Control and stop the constant ringing in the ears that has been plaguing you forever! If it doesn’t work after 5 weeks, then you can always try more expensive methods that a doctor will recommend, but starting out like that? This procedure involves long-term treatment for which insurance companies spend a lot of money. However, when it comes to tinnitus, such insights are invaluable resources that go even beyond the subject of the ear. Formerly, iris diagnostics was a customary ingredient in the toolbox of all medical doctors until about the beginning of the 19th century.
Based upon the topography of the eye, phenomena associated with the constitution of the iris plus the symptoms, structures and pigmentations included in eye diagnostics all serve to open the possibility of discovering causes of a particular disease and its probable course, and to recognise its disposition. Thus, disturbances are represented in the ear and such signs can be perceived (that is: touched, seen, measured).
The balancing and relaxing effect of ear acupuncture is also welcomed in geriatrics and the treatment of older persons.
It means that a whole segment reveals itself as a disease complex for both diagnosis and treatment. She is full of defences and is threatened by everything around her; everything is overwhelming. They have merely been utilised in an exemplary fashion to illustrate how to arrive at decisions for treatment strategies. Objectives: The aim of current study was to compose and validate a Persian version of the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI-P).
The prevalence of chronic tinnitus in the general population is estimated between 5-15% and causes to develop serious psychosocial complications in 1% to 3%1. It is reported that tinnitus can be severe enough to cause significant discomfort in one's daily life12.
Finding the effects of tinnitus on the quality of life and assessing the individual's reaction to tinnitus are very important. The aim of IQOLA is to translate and provide health questionnaires with high validity and reliability for using in different countries by their formal language26. This version is both simple to administer and interpret and also a powerful psychometric tool. After that, each of the expert translators were asked about the difficulties of the translations and they were attributed a score according to the 100 point visual analogue scale (VAS).
Afterward, the pooled back translation was compared and formed by translators and then an agreement was obtained for one English version of THI questionnaire for finding the coherency with original version. Therefore the formulated initial Persian version of the instrument was attended by 24 (10 female and 14 male) high school students in Tehran. The Cronbach's Coefficient Alpha test (where values>0.70 indicate a satisfactory internal consistency) was used to test for the evaluating internal stability of the THI-P29, and Pearson correlation coefficient was calculated between the total score of the THI-P and the scores of its subscales, age and pure tone average (PTA). The common language score of THI-P was assessed as desirable in all 25 items (100%) and also the conceptual equivalence for three items (4, 10, 16) undesirable response (12%), for two items (23 and 14) in a relatively desirable level (8%), and the other items were desirable response (80%). The type of sound reported by most tinnitus subjects was subjectively described as high-pitch tone, matched by external stimuli (described by 52.3% of subjects). Table 2 summarized the mean air conduction thresholds across frequencies of 500-4000 Hz for left and right ears.
As shown in Figure 1, the total score of THI-P and its subscales were not correlated with the age of tinnitus subjects.
Total score of the THI-P and its associated subscales are very close to corresponding values in the original THI-US (Table 6). In Iran, in order to converge and coordinate with the ongoing research at the international level concerning the evaluation of consequences of diseases, impairments, handicaps, treatments and rehabilitation, we should create a new movement. Sense of the various problems among the subject sufferer from tinnitus and understanding the impact of tinnitus on their quality of life are of the uttermost importance.
Translation of the original questionnaire of THI in Persian language in overall was easy due to its simple sentences, whereas, the translators in six items acknowledged difficult translation (items of 4, 5, 13, 23, 24 and 25).
The translation clarity in 24 items of THI-P was evaluated desirable and only one item (item 17) evaluated as relatively desirable.
Majority of epidemiological tinnitus studies have reported a positive relationship between tinnitus and hearing loss4,34-35.
This valid tool allows us to quantify how much tinnitus impacts the life's quality of these individuals. Functional brain abnormalities localized in 55 chronic tinnitus patients: fusion of SPECT coincidence imaging and MRI. Prevalence of tinnitus and hearing thresholds of a non-noise-exposed population with and without tinnitus. Assessment of psychopathological aspects and psychiatric comorbidities in patients affected by tinnitus.
Psychologic profile of tinnitus patients using the SCL-90-R and tinnitus handicap inventory.


Psychological profile and somatic complaints between help-seeking and non-help-seeking tinnitus subjects. Tinnitus reaction questionnaire: psychometric properties of a measure of distress associated with tinnitus. Developmental and Psychometric Adequacy of the Screening Version of the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory.
Psychometric Adequacy of the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) for Evaluating Treatment Outcome. Tinnitus with normal hearing sensitivity: extended high-frequency audiometry and auditory nerve brain-stem-evoked responses.
Validity of the Italian adaptation of the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory; focus on quality of life and psychological distress in tinnitus-sufferers. Brazilian Portuguese Language version of the "Tinnitus Handicap Inventory": Validity and Reproducibility. Impact of tinnitus as measured by the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory among tinnitus sufferers in Singapore.
Most importantly for hearing aid wearers who suffer from tinnitus, the Arenz offers Tinnitus WaveForm Technology, a sound therapy program that provides soothing, all-day relief for the symptoms of tinnitus.
Subjective tinnitus is the most difficult ear ringing to get rid of though and the possible pharmaceutical drug combination available are literally endless. My life had gone from one huge depression, with fatigue being one of the main highlights of my day to something that I cannot explain. However, as any doctor will be able to tell you, not everyone will react the same way to each treatment, and it could be quite a while before you find the one that suits you most and that has the best effect on you as an individual.
Well, it not being curable doesn’t mean that we have to suffer through it – on the contrary – but only if you open your mind to new possibilities. Hearing so much differing information about homeopathy can lead you to discarding it as a pseudo-science and, initially, I made the same mistake. So after the first week of using Tinnitus Control, I found a slight decrease in the ringing in ears that I had but nothing spectacular, but I had another three weeks worth and was determined to use it all.
Don’t be like me and wait until you have exhausted all other opportunities before trying – trust me on this one. The ringing in the ears that I heard all the time was extremely difficult to block out mentally, and I could hardly concentrate.
Now as I have already said, I have tried all the modern medicinal cures and none of them worked. The only reason I resorted to a homeopathic tinnitus treatment is because I had exhausted all other avenues of getting rid of the ringing in ears that had plagued me for so long.
I was overjoyed and ordered more – it was great to be able to hear nothing as opposed to that confounded ringing in the ears that kept me awake half the night. It’s thanks to the internet that various forms of tinnitus treatment are readily available to all and sundry and it really shows that many people actually suffer from this despicable condition. External origins such as traumas that have caused irreversible damage to the auditory system represent only minor problems to the therapist when investigating causal factors. Furthermore, warts are present especially on the hands and in the face, which are hard, indented, and tend to burst open. In addition the inner ear points, Shen Men (blockages of the small pelvis), right hip and points on the line of sounds are treated. Materials and Methods: The linguistic validation of the original version of THI into Persian version (THI-P) included translation, back translation and data gathering. Epidemiological studies indicated that in developed countries such as Germany about 1.5 million people, in the United States about 10 million out of 40 million tinnitus sufferers and a similar ratio in the United Kingdom have been reported that were seriously affected by tinnitus2-4. Tinnitus symptoms have been linked to various psychological and psychosomatic disorders13-15.
One of the most important methods in the assessment of the severity of tinnitus and its effects on the lifestyle of a patient is the use of psychometrical evaluations.
Finally, we formulated the initial Persian version of the instrument with proper and satisfactory translation.
The final version of THI-P was administered in all tinnitus subjects who were managed in our center between September 2009 and May 2010. The score of "Yes", "No" and "Occasionally" were 4, 0 and 2, respectively in three subscales: emotional, functional and catastrophic.
All personal information in the questionnaire were confidential and only used in this research. The other descriptions of tinnitus included cricket, sizzling, hissing, humming and other sounds.
Tinnitus is a subjective idiopathic symptom in which it is not detected by blood examination and CT scan or like this. In this regard, translator 1 and 2 were asked to provide a list of possible alternative translations for the replacement in relatively difficult and difficult items of THI-P.
The prevalence of tinnitus among normal hearing subjects has been reported between 7%-10%36-37. The Hearing Health Foundation estimates that 90% of tinnitus cases occur with an underlying hearing loss.
While they claim you may start to notice an improvement within a week, the program itself boasts for stopping tinnitus within two months.
It has been absolutely terrible for me these last eight years, at least it was terrible before I finally managed to bring my ringing in ears problem under firm control. This can be really harmful to your general health and it will mean taking a lot of time finding the right combination for you. Not only did I get my free package, but the tinnitus treatment worked within three weeks – which meant without having paid a cent, I had gotten rid of a problem that had been plaguing me for over eight years.
I kept going back to the doctor for a wide variety of different modern methods to be tested on my ears without giving the natural route a fair chance.
You have probably tried various ways to get rid of the ringing in the ears that plagues your every waking moment – so much so that you can hardly get to sleep because of the ear ringing that you suffer from. However, major causal relationships within the body’s system can result in sudden deafness and such interactions are not always easy to understand.
It is shown that 48% to 60% of patients with chronic or disabling tinnitus have major depressive disorder (MDD)16. Such self-report questionnaires include the Tinnitus Questionnaire (TQ)18, Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI)19, Tinnitus Severity Scale (TSS)20, Tinnitus Handicap Questionnaire (THQ)21, Subjective Tinnitus Severity Scale22 and Tinnitus Reaction Questionnaire (TRQ)23.
The THI is a 25-item self-report instrument which is divided into three subscales including functional, emotional and catastrophic reactions to tinnitus. On the basis of these two translations and their VAS scores to each THI items, we formed the pooled version that was then reviewed by presence of translators for considering suggested replacing words and difficulty in translation.
This questionnaire was used as an initial instrument for gathering data from tinnitus subjects at next steps. Each single item was read loudly and the participants were asked to follow the items on the given sheet. Age, gender, medical history and tinnitus characteristics were recorded as baseline information.
In total, more than 92% of tinnitus subjects who attended the current study revealed high pitch tinnitus, matched by external stimuli (>3000 Hz).
Independent Student t-tests did not demonstrate statistically difference between total THI-P score and those with or without hearing impairment, neither did those with unilateral or bilateral tinnitus (Table 4). The main problem with tinnitus is its subjective nature so that evaluation of this complaint always depends upon patient's words. These alternative items were reviewed again by translator 3 and 4 in order to optimize quality of translation and finally revised for appropriate items. In conceptual equivalence of the translation, three items had undesirable response (4, 10 and 16) and two items had relatively desirable response. This short article will take a closer look at Tinnitus Miracle. Tinnitus is definitely not really a disease, rather, a signal indicating how the auditory method is not functioning well.
It took a lot of work, and it cost a lot of money but I was finally able to sort out my ear ringing problem once and (hopefully) for all. I was just about to give up hope of ever finding a way to control the ear ringing when a colleague at work told me about a homeopathic remedy that had helped his wife. That is why tinnitus treatment varies so much from person to person. So how to stop ringing in the ears? In addition, tinnitus is a common symptom of the auditory system disorders that is usually associated with sensoryneural hearing loss6,7. Asplund reported that among subjects with tinnitus poor sleep and frequent waking were more common in men and women17.
In this regard the client was questioned in order to find out which activity or performance of the patient is affected by tinnitus. Analysis of the THI items suggested that this self-report instrument had excellent internal consistency reliability and adequate convergent and constructive validity28.
It is worth to mention that in this step, for differentiation of the level of difficulty in translation, average scores less than 25 were considered as easy, more than 30 as difficult and between 25 and 30 as relatively easy.
Thus, items with undesirable translation were revised by translator 5 and 6 and revised by suggested replacing proper words, sentences and phrases.
As reported in several studies for the original version (US), Italian, Turkish, Danish, Portuguese and Singapore translations of THI19,28,38-41, the Persian version of THI was not significantly different in the handicap scores between those with normal hearing and those with hearing impairment with regard to the degree of handicap severity. Eventually it became clear that internal consistency was high and the response of every item to the response of total items was matched. Although several speculations exist, origins of these annoying noises as well as the concrete mechanism causing tinnitus aren't yet determined. They can worsen when listening to music, or on the contrary, they may even tend to improve. All participants complained of chronic unilateral or bilateral subjective idiopathic tinnitus lasting for at least 6 months before consulting about their tinnitus.
An epidemiological study in Italy based on a tinnitus questionnaire demonstrated that the prevalence of tinnitus was 8% in normal hearing subjects while this amount rose up to 30.5% in the presence of auditory dysfunctions8. This agreed version of Persian THI translation was given to the two other translators who were expert to Persian philology (translator 3 and 4). Finally, the results of the present investigation suggest that the THI-P was simple and clear, without losing its equivalence towards cultural issues.
All values of item-total correlation coefficient are greater than 0.3 which also indicated high internal consistency in THI-P except item 19.
It is a psychological result which has not been recognized yet. First, allow us to remind ourselves what are the symptoms of tinnitus.
Results: There was no significant difference between gender, age, hearing impairment and total score and subscales of THI-P. Therefore, the valid psychometrical evaluations such as THI can be administered as a robust instrument to objectify tinnitus distress, but additional measures might be needed in order to catch the dimensions of tinnitus-related problems. Inoverall the translation quality of THI-P was evaluated as desirable from both aspects of a careful translation and adapted to the socio-cultural setting.
Tinnitus symptoms are more often than not called "hissing, whooshing, booming, ringing, ticking, clicking, knocking", and so on and so on. It is a form of alternative medicine that uses various oils to cure common ailments that doctors might use heavy drugs for – but it has its uses in tinnitus treatment as well.
Pearson product-moment correlations revealed adequate test-retest reliability for the THI-P (r = 0.96). Also the valid questionnaires are valuable in the evaluation of results from before to after special treatment and its effect on the individual's quality of life.
Especially in the evenings she has bladder cramps and generally a slight burning in the urethra. Therefore, the symptom of tinnitus has forced clinicians to attempt to establish protocols for accuracy of tinnitus diagnosis and treatment9. The Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI)25 has gained widespread acceptance as a self-report measure of tinnitus around the world. Therefore, these translators (3 and 4) for each question determined 3 scores on the basis of 100 point criteria. Therefore, the Persian translation of THI was not affected by hearing impairment, gender and age factors. But one thing is usual: the sounds will drive you crazy, interrupting the sleep, in your work performance, your relationships, as well as your general day-to-day activities. In this VAS, zero point means absolutely improper quality and 100 means absolutely proper and satisfactory quality. After that, the subsequent processing was attended by audiologists from department and research center of otolaryngology of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS).
That's why buzzing ears many people around the world are seeking ways to stop tinnitus fast. Streptomycin was soon discovered to be only one medicine which caused tinnitus. Criteria for decision making in improper quality of each translation items was the average score less than 90 (determined by translators 3 and 4). Tension pains in the left shoulder blade and pains in the thoracic spine become aggravated when walking for a longer periods of time. Accordingly, in this step, Persian version of the THI was obtained, which regarding to all translators 1 to 4, had satisfactory quality. It includes the majority of the aminoglycoside category of antibiotics, quininem loop diuretics, platinum-based chemotherapy drugs, and salicylates that are common homely medicines for treating slight fevers or headache, and some more medicines. This in turn causes the partial decrease of hearing and ringing noise inside ear. Tinnitus treatment therapy is usually a scary and costly process and possesses no guarantees of fixing the issue. Individuals suffering from this irritating situation have tried Tinnitus therapy prompt in their mind like dangerous surgeries, medication with negative effects, exhausting audio therapies, and expensive psychiatric treatments. While a small % of sufferers managing this have reported some reduction readily available therapies a genuine treatment was never ever inside attain, till now. The Tinnitus miracle is often a program which has discovered ways to cure and stop Tinnitus once and for all when a person has had to cope with this unlucky discomfort than this is the best information you've heard. A medical researcher, health marketing consultant, and former sufferer of Tinnitus called Thomas Coleman has sacrificed 14 numerous years of his life with medical research to build up this impressive 5 step program to rid Tinnitus from his along with your life forever.
These include ear infections, foreign bodies or wax in the ear, injury to the ear caused by loud noises or a diseased condition called Menierea€™s disease. When heard from both ears the sound is described to come from the a€?middle or the heada€?. This is done to assess the disease process in the brain An MRI scan of the brain also shows in detail the disease process, tumor or aneurysm that may be causing the tinnitus An angiography is a blood vessel study that looks for aneurysms or blood vessel abnormalities. This is a computerized test that looks at the nerve pathways that connects the brain with the ear. Some hearing aids and devices help patients with tinnitus with making a constant humming noise in the background called white noise. Relaxation techniques and avoidance of drugs that cause tinnitus like aspirin, loop diuretics etc.



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