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How can you help a child with Auditory Processing Disorder?When your child receives the diagnosis of auditory processing disorder (APD), it is probably a relief.
Same Journey Different Paths, Stories of Auditory Processing DisorderThis is the Kindle edition of the same book in case you prefer it electronically. Accommodations in SchoolMost often APD symptoms are first noticed in school.Making changes in the classroom can have a huge positive effect on a child with APD.
Helping the APD Child Learn to ReadSome say APD is a form of Dyslexia, so reading is often difficult for kids with APD.How my son learned to readReading was one of those gargantuan tasks that we really struggled to find a solution for our son.
Getting Accommodations into a 504 or IEPOne of the greatest challenges for children with Auditory Processing Disorder is the fact that it is difficult to diagnose.
Using an FM System to help in classrooms.A frequency modulation (FM) system can be used in a classroom to help filter out background noise and bring the teachers' more clearly to a student.
Accommodations in Social SituationsThese accommodations are similar to what you might do to help a hearing impaired child.1. Social Stories for Auditory Processing DisorderUnderstanding social interaction is a huge challenge for kids with APD.We do not realize how much information we take in through incidental hearing. Sign Language Books & Videos - Our son loved using all these videos and books to learn sign language.Signing Time!
Fun Sign Language Classes!These classes are held online so you don't have to travel!Signing Families has great online classes and Skype classes to help you learn sign language.
Online Communities for APD Support - There are many communities where you can find support and information.(Central) Auditory Processing DisorderThis Facebook group is very active with nearly 900 members. Since we are learning more about sensory issues and how almost 75% of children diagnosed with autism have Sensory Processing Disorder as well, it is highly likely that your child with autism is showing signs of sensory sensitivities.  How do you know if a child is demonstrating an aggressive act out of pure aggression? He did end up with arms flailing and going into fight or flight several times in the beginning, but as soon as a safety plan was in place, language was limited and expectations were placed upon him, he began to do better.  There is still work to be done with a child like this, but there is a team of OT, SLP, Developmental Pediatrician and psychologist who are working to make sure he gets the safest best treatment possible.
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Children with special needs can have a variety of issues with social relatedness, such as recognizing facial cues, regulating emotions and performing social reciprocation. Every parent I have met that has a child with APD has often gone through a long journey to figure out why their child struggles in school. For example, if a person has difficulty hearing when competing noise is present, requiring a quiet environment when working is a way to accommodate this challenge.Accommodations can be made at home, in the classroom or in the workplace. This handout not only explains the disorder, but I customize it to explain the exact areas they will see my son's symptoms express and what they can do to help him cope. The competing noise and echoing environment of a classroom can make the easiest of instructions a huge struggle for a child who cannot comprehend what is being said. Most audiologist won't diagnose before the age of 7, and many school districts refuse assessment unless just cause can be shown. Reduce Background NoiseIf you are trying to have a conversation with your child, quiet is the best way to do this. Teach the child clarification techniquesA child with APD never knows when he hasn't heard something right. A child with APD does not having a hearing issue, but their understanding and comprehension of what they hear is clearly impaired.More often than not a child with APD will have social challenges. Our own son used sign language from early on, and for all of us it was a lifesaver to communicate when noise levels were high. I plan to add the following topics to this lens.CAPD and Dyslexia - what's the relationship?CAPD vs.
I'm adding it to my homeschooling lens since I'm pretty convinced my son has this ~ it explains so much and he has naturally combated many of his difficulties by doing some of the suggestions here.
Sometimes medications can help take the edge off their aggressive behaviors so you can actually teach them boundaries and how to successfully communicate, but other times medications can make it worse.  I think every child is different and under the care of a specialized doctor who can manage the medications but understand autism and SPD together is the best for that child.
We work with students to support them in the learning process, provide study and organizational skills, help them learn strategies for coping and compensating, and take advantage of the strengths they have. For example, children with Asperger’s disorder often have difficulty with recognizing social cues. After the relief settles, then the bigger question looms - how does one cope with Auditory Processing Disorder?I am writing this lense from a parent's perspective. You can download the APD Accommodation Handout here and edit it with your own child's information. It was heartbreaking to watch because he loved books, but the concept of sounding out words completely alluded him.At the start of 3rd grade my son read at a Kindergarten level. Even if you go get a private assessment, but law the school does not have to accept the conclusion of an outside assessor. There are some studies that show benefits, but not enough to convince experts that the systems are of benefit [see Frequency modulation (FM) system in auditory processing disorder: an evidence-based practice? If you are unable to have quiet environment, then understand that the child may not be able to hear what you have said.
My own son had big social obstacles in his old school where the children were not kind and patient when he clearly did not comprehend game rules on the playground.
Now 8, he continues to use sign language every so often.So I guess the short answer is, chances are sign language will help your child communicate.
Their classes are unique because a component of them happens live, over Skype, so you can actually practice signing and get feedback on how well you are doing.Classes are taught by Louise Sattler, is a Nationally Certified School Psychologist with specializations in linguistics and multi-cultural education. About 30% of the members are teenagers or adults learning to cope with CAPD.Language Delay NetworkCreated by a Mom in Australia, this website brings a wealth of information about diagnosis and help for CAPD and other language issues. I look forward to reading about the connection btw APD and dyslexia because I just found out my son has both. Or because they are being bombarded by sensory information that their body doesn’t know how to process? More subtly, however, a child with an auditory processing deficit may have trouble keeping up with the pace of a conversation with several people simultaneously. My son was in special education classes for 3 years, then mainstreamed into typical Kindergarten. The other 12 stories are by parents who went through quite a journey trying to figure out why their child with struggling.
So the parents have to create a convincing case.How can I get school support for my child?In order to get support, your school either has to be willing to classify your child under the "specific learning disability" category, or your child has to qualify for some other service.


The children would even use his disability against him, saying he lied about what he heard, or that he never remembers so he remembered an event wrong. She often has other moms write stories about their experiences, which sheds a lot of insight into other ways of heYahoo Group for APD SupportThis is a Yahoo group run by an audiologist who assesses for APD.
Children with special needs often have social challenges that frequently lead to social anxiety and withdrawal.
Together all the stories give a lot of information about early signs, diagnosis, therapies and living with APD. There was a lot of static, and it often stopped functioning, and in the end we decided it was causing additional distractions rather than helping him hear better.
This is particular true in situations like parties, shopping malls or places where there are multiple noises occurring at once.
While there is a wealth of information here, know that it is colored by the opinions of this particular audiologist.
I was the one who figured it out, but it took a year of intense persistence on my part to get the school to help. Preferential seatingSeating your child in the front of the class is where he will have good visual reception of the area where most teaching is done. I wasn't okay with that answer, so I put on my research hat to find something on my own.I recognized that my son was a very strong visual learner, so I went to Google and began to look for a visual reading program. It is very helpful to read social stories to children with APD so they can learn social information that they are missing in live social situations.What are Social Stories?A social story is just a simple story that explains some rule about being social.
I personally no longer participate in the board because some of theTeens with APDA place for teenagers to come together and get support and find strategies for managing APD. The school ignored my requests for assessments and basically told me I didn't know what I was talking about.By the time he was diagnosed, I knew so much about the disorder I knew more than anybody on his IEP team. What I found was Easyread, an online reading program that uses a child's visual strength to teach how to read phonetically.When my son started Easyread he was reading at a Kindergarten level. Sometimes the child could have a wireless earpiece similar to a cell phone hands-free earpiece.
Role play various clarification techniques, especially after your child has had a bumpy social experience.2. Originally developed for autistic children, they have become a fabulous way to help all children learn proper social behavior.
The following information comes from my own experience plus information I have read about from the experience of others.What is Auditory Processing Disorder?If you are looking for more information about what Auditory Processing Disorder is, please see my lens Information and Support for Central Auditory Processing Disorder.
Don't shout information or request across the room, and definitely don't shout them from another room. It's important to talk to your child and explain to him the reason he seems to not get what his friends are saying. From her work a whole variety of books and tools have been made to help develop social skills in children.Social stories can also be used to teach your child how to behave in certain situations. Again, if your child doesn't do what you ask, remember there is a good change he did not understand what you said.3. With my son children at his old school were very unkind about his mishearing things, and they called him stupid and excluded him from games. For example, if he has trouble lining up at the door when it is lunchtime, a social story about how being out of line distracts others and prolongs the process could help you child understand what he should be doing in that situation.
It was like a lightbulb went off and he finally understood all the phonics we had been trying to teach for years. In an IEP the child's disabilities are more than just learning disabilities, and the child requires greater assistance in or out of the classroom. They have been shown to help all children, even if they don't have APD.How would an FM system help my child?Many children do benefit from the systems, but you will not know if your child will be helped unless you try.
It's important to help your child understand that they are their choices, and they clearly don't know how to be unkind when somebody is a bit different. We were so happy about his success!!What reading program will help your child?Reading problems are common for children with APD.
For example, speech issues would be a physical disability that effects classwork but also general interaction. Encourage your child to talk about these events so he can express the emotions and learn new ways to handle these challenges.3. Even mild noises such as the hum of a fan or the sounds of a quiet crowd may be enough to create a poor listening and learning environment for the child. It would qualify under an IEP, not a 504.A 504 recommendation is generally for students who have a learning disability that is not so pervasive. I could not find any research studies that substantiate this, but there are anecdotal case studies that show measurable improvement. Role play social situations before and after they happenRole playing is an excellent way to help your child learn appropriate social behavior but in a quiet environment. We tried several, but only Easyread helped our son become an accomplished reader.Children respond differently to each type of reading program, so you should investigate what will work for your child. I believe he may have learned to read lips a bit, and so he uses that when looking at my face. Busy school yards bring a lot of auditory input and can be overwhelming and confusing for the child.
Consider your distanceWhen and APD child is spoken to from a great distance (more than 5 feet), he will definitely be challenged to comprehend what is said. The accommodations in a 504 sort of level the playing field so they are not hampered by their learning disability. Note that looking at lips instead of the face is a symptom of autism, which is probably why my son was sometimes considered to be autistic.4.
It's hard enough to learn social skills, but with an overwhelmed auditory system it's nearly impossible for an APD child to learn even the basics.
So if a child has dyslexia, they may receive extra time on a test to make up for their slower reading pace. A 504 could also include mental or physical disabilities such as bipolar disorder or cancer. Make the child responsible for understandingAsk your child to repeat back what you said so you can confirm he understood you correctly. Teach your child other ways to perceive what is going onThis is going to be more beneficial for older children, but we began using this techniques when our son was 5. Consider the acousticsIf the room has tiled floor and unfinished walls, there is a high probability a lot of echo occurs in the room.
So often we just assume the child got it, and you would be surprised how often he mishears things.6. Also, tone of voice, loudness of voice can also be good indicators of how the person is feeling. While this may not give the specifics of a conversation, it will help with sensing the general mood of the conversation.


Decorating the walls with student art or other items that absorb sound will also help a lot.
Our son used to jump into play with kids who were fighting because he thought they were wrestling and having fun. The Classroom Acoustics Coalition provides important information on problems caused by bad acoustics in classrooms. If there are noisy siblings, keep them in other areas of the house, or arrange for them to participate in activities outside the house.
Thankfully he was never hurt, but we knew we needed to teach him ways to figure out what was going on.5. Most importantly, your child may need to do homework in several small 5-10 minutes sessions because the energy required to focus is intense.
Praise your child when you see him getting it rightAlways take the opportunity to reinforce positive behavior. Give your child leeway and don't expect them to sit for 30-60 minutes if they are really struggling with it.7.
Whenever you see your child with appropriate social interactions, point it out and offer positive words to reinforce the accomplishment.6.
Think before criticizingWhen your child does not respond, or the response is not what you wanted, please remember that it's highly likely your child did not hear you correctly.
Prompt your child when social opportunity arisesFind ways to help your child through social situations that your child may usually avoid.
Before getting angry and punishing, remember this, and try to clarify instructions before jumping to conclusions.8.
This is very important when introducing a new idea, changing subjects, or giving directions. Simplify requestsBreak multi-step directions into one or two parts before continuing on to the next piece. Children with APD need time to take in and process what is said, and often exhibit short-term memory issues. Slow down speechToo much information too quickly is challenging for a APD child to comprehend. A child with APD will struggle to process was you said 10 seconds ago and isn't always able to continue listening and taken in more information.
This helps the child move through the social situation with you as a coach to encourage appropriate behavior.7. Speak one idea at a time, and pause so he can take it in and assimilate it, then move onto the next idea. Point out positive examples of good social skillsThere are many times you will see great examples that can help your child learn. It does not have to be super slow, just pace your words, with a few seconds between ideas to help him take it in better.7.
Consider sensory issuesMany children with APD have additional sensory issues that complicate that cause them to get overstimulated. Make the child responsible for understandingEncourage him to repeat back what he has heard to make certain he understands.
Take the time to point out to your child what you see and how it is an example of good social skills.
Don't embarrass him by having him prove it in front of the class, do it in a sidebar one-on-one. This is an area where the aide can assist to make certain he understands the directions he is meant to follow.8. Think before criticizingIf the child does not respond, or his response is inappropriate, consider that he has not understood what you have said. While we live in a small house, we made a point of making a space that was his so he could retreat to it whenever he felt overwhelmed.10. The end of the day will be the hardestAfter a full day of focused processing your child is going to be very tired. Ask him to repeat back what he thought he heard before assuming he is doing something "wrong".9. Simplify directionsBreak multi-step directions into one or two parts before continuing on to the next piece. Don't expect your child to be able to do homework late, and be accommodating if he would rather just spend some time alone or doing quiet activities.11.
Create a signal for important informationAll children have some degree of challenges when it comes to paying attention and listening. An effective tool is to have some sort of signal that indicates to the child that you have to talk to him about something important. Provide additional written or visual material.Simple words and visual cues that give him an idea of directions will help him keep up.
For example, perhaps you have to go over the morning schedule because something about it has changed. Rephrase what you are sayingSometimes the combination of sounds in a sentence are difficult to process for an APD child. Many kids with APD have impaired short-term memory, so 10 or 20 minutes after hearing instructions, he may need them repeated.11.
Seat him next to helpful studentsChildren with APD generally enjoy independence, but often they are more open to help from peers than the teacher.
For Example, if the child does not understand when you say, "Please brush your teeth and wash up so you can get ready for bed." then try rephrasing it. When he was sat next to students who talked out of turn a lot, or themselves had attention issues, John's performance was definitely affected.12. Use your toothbrush and clean your hands and face." Simple rephrasing may eliminate specific phonic sounds the child has greater difficult with. Consider an FM systemAnd FM system is a broadcast-type device that assists in filtering out background noise and delivering clearer spoken speech to the student. Consider sensory issuesMany children with APD have additional sensory issues that complicate their ability to focus in class. Say things in a different waySometimes the combination of sounds in a sentence are difficult to process for an APD child. For Example, if the child does not understand when you say, "Take out your math workbook and turn to page 22." then try rephrasing it. Look at page 22." Simple rephrasing may eliminate specific phonic sounds the child has greater difficult with.



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