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At the Annual General Meeting, Monday, April , 2010 a slate of officers and directors will be elected to manage the affairs of the club for the coming year. A number of organizations and like-minded people are gathering to launch a new endeavor that will bring students of the Grey and Bruce area and parts of Wellington and Huron counties, together to learn, appreciate and celebrate our local forest heritage.
The Bruce Grey Forest Festival will involve many different local environmental groups and associations, ministries, stewardship councils, conservation authorities, local industry and volunteers from the community as well as the appropriate school boards. Only one other forest festival of this kind exists in Ontario - in October 2008, the Carolinian Forest Festival was held at Jaffa Environmental Education Centre and Springwater Conservation Area near St. The Bruce Grey Forest Festival will take place at Allan Park Management Unit October 19, 20 & 21, 2010. This old-fashioned event features plenty of pancakes and real maple syrup in addition to countless activities for the entire family.A  This year, the event will feature a unique and rare collection of insects from around the world (hosted by Orkin)!
Recently placed on the endangered species list Butternut trees are in great danger of becoming extinct. If you think you have Butternut trees on your property please consider attending this free workshop. Youa€™ll Learn About: The tree, the disease and how you can get involved with its recovery.
On the morning of September 26 a dozen SFN members set out in a light drizzle to explore the section of the Bruce Trail that passes through the upper portion of the proposed Malcolm Bluff Shores Nature Reserve north of Wiarton in the Bruce Peninsula. Eleven-year-old Luke in his bright red ball cap was the trailbreaker and leader most of the way. Dave, Jerry and Joan kept watch for birds which were rather scarce but they pointed out small groups of chickadees and kinglets gleaning insects from the shrubs and trees along the cliff edge. Clarke drew attention to some of the geological features, including terraces of the Amabel, Fossil Hill and Manitoulin formations, the beginnings of crevice caves and a dramatic unspoiled alvar area.
Photographers John, Gerard and Doug were busy documenting the outing in the soft autumn light. All of us, including Janice and Herb, enjoyed the exercise, fresh moist air, scenic views and natural richness of the property. We may plan a spring birding and wildflower outing along the logging road on the lower level of the nature reserve.
Since Kinghurst became a nature reserve and SFN became the stewards Ontario Nature and the SFN have faced a dilemma regarding what to about the cabin on the Harrison tract.
Various groups doing inventories, research or stewardship projects have used it as a as a shelter, a€?research stationa€? and storage area. Porcupines chewed through the fascia, soffit and a portion of the roof during the years of indecision. The first step was to replace the deteriorating asphalt shingles with excellent quality metal roofing. Jerry and I attended the North American Bluebird Convention at the Burlington Botanical Gardens Sept 8-11th There were 105 people registered from all areas of the U.S. On May 5th the Saugeen Field Naturalists had an evening wild flower walk through the southeast side of Kinghurst.
We have had a very early spring this year so the flowers we saw were different than you would normally see on an early May walk at Kinghurst. Here is our species list: Wild leek leaves were up and the Trout lily flowers were fading, Common blue violet, Wild strawberry, Marsh Marigolds, common blue eyed grass, Hairy Solomon Seal, white Trilliums False Solomon Seal, Canada Mayflower, Downy yellow violet, Bloodroot, Toothwort, Maidenhair Fern, Ginger, Long spurred Violet, Ostrich fern, Royal Fern, Sensitive Fern, Jack in the Pulpit, Large Flowered Bellwort, Harts tongue Fern, hooked Crowfoot, Showy Orchids in bud, Meadow Rue, Foam flower, Canada violet, Gooseberry, Squirrel corn, Glaucous Honeysuckle, Dwarf Canada Primrose, and White Baneberry.
On June 12, 2010 Joan and Walter Crowe led our group of 9 eager participants on a wildflower tour of Grey and Bruce Counties.
We headed for the Sauble Beach area just in time to meet up with one of our sister clubs (Stratford Field Naturalists) who led us to our first orchid of the day a€“ Hookera€™s Orchid (a a€?lifea€? orchid for many in the group).
All in all we came up with (at least the ones I could remember to record) 48 species of flower of which 9 were orchids. We also had several feeder watchers who called and sent their numbers in via email they were Louise, Barb Doerr, and the Kaufman brothers.
A special thank you to Charlene who prepared a great meal for everyone at the wrap up and tally at the end of the day. Two additional species were recorded as count week birds but will not appear on final totals. Fifteen years ago, Nancy Griffin, Educational coordinator for Saugeen Valley Conservation Authority (SVCA), had an idea to educate children about forests in a natural setting.
In the spring of 2009, 25 people from 15 organizations met as a committee to discuss the feasibility and structure of the project and composed a Project Business plan and a budget for $55,000.
On November 13, 2010 our club made our first outing (following in the footsteps of our Junior Naturalists) to the Wings of Paradise now known as the Cambridge Butterfly Conservatory.
We began our tour by listening to a presentation as part of the Butterflies and Blossoms Program.
The presentation was followed by a lovely lunch and then a personal guided tour of the facility. At the Annual General Meeting, Monday, April , 2010 a slate of officers and directors will be elected to manage the affairs of the club for the coming year.A  There will be two vacancies to be filled this year. Youa€™ll Learn About:A  The tree, the disease and how you can get involved with its recovery. Longtime member Clarke Birchard was the recipientA  of the SFN Conservation Award for 2010.A  Clarke was presented with a beautiful Scarlet Tanager image created by John Reaume in recognition of his many years of dedicated conservation efforts. On May 5th the Saugeen Field Naturalists had an eveningA  wild flower walk through the southeast side of Kinghurst.A  There were 10 people out to enjoy the evening. Here is our species list:A  Wild leek leaves were up and the Trout lily flowers were fading, Common blue violet, Wild strawberry, Marsh Marigolds, common blue eyed grass, Hairy Solomon Seal, white Trilliums False Solomon Seal,A  Canada Mayflower, Downy yellow violet, Bloodroot, Toothwort, Maidenhair Fern, Ginger, Long spurred Violet, Ostrich fern, Royal Fern, Sensitive Fern, Jack in the Pulpit, Large Flowered Bellwort, Harts tongue Fern, hooked Crowfoot, Showy Orchids in bud, Meadow Rue, Foam flower, Canada violet, Gooseberry, Squirrel corn, Glaucous Honeysuckle, Dwarf Canada Primrose, and White Baneberry. In the spring of 2009, 25 people from 15 organizations met as a committee to discuss the feasibility and structure of the project and composed a Project Business plan and a budget for $55,000.A  October 2010 would be the first of annual events to take place at Allan Park. Tinnitus ear ringing makes it difficult, sometimes impossible to get a full night’s sleep. There are many causes of tinnitus, but the most common is ear damage, from either loud noises or ototoxic medications.
If you have tinnitus, you’ll try almost anything to stop the constant ringing in the ears; have you ever considered weight loss as a tinnitus cure? To understand ourselves it is important to understand our ancestors, and a part of them, and their heritage, lives on in us today. To the world the American Indians seemed like a forgotten people when the English colonists first arrived and began to occupy their lands.
I want to give special thanks to my cousin, Mary Hilliard, for her assistance and encouragement in researching and preparing this book. Wherever possible I have tried to find at least two sources for the genealogical data, but this has not always been possible. I have also found Franklin Elewatum Bearce's history, Who Our Forefathers Really Were, A True Narrative of Our White and Indian Ancestors, to be very helpful. It is certainly possible that such a record may contain errors, but it is also very fortunate that we have access to this record as it presents firsthand knowledge of some of the individuals discussed in this book. 8 Newcomba€? Cpt.
Sometime before the colonial period, the Iroquoian tribes began moving from the southern plains eastward across the Mississippi River and then northeasterly between the Appalachians and the Ohio River Valley, into the Great Lakes region, then through New York and down the St. Though they were neighbors and had similar skin color, these two groups of Indians were as dissimilar as the French and the Germans in Europe. Federations, as well as the individual tribes, were fluid organizations to the extent that the sachem was supported as long as he had the strength to maintain his position. Belonging to a federation meant that an annual tribute had to be sent to support the great sachem and his household, warriors had to be sent if he called for a given number to go to war, and strictest obedience and fidelity was demanded. Some of these federations had as many as thirty member tribes supporting their Great Sachem, although many of these tribes would be counted by more than one sachem, as any tribe that was forced to pay tribute was considered as part of that Great Sachem's federation. Any member of the society who dishonored himself, in anyway, was no longer worthy of the respect of his people. When viewing the typical Indians of America, one would describe them as having a dark brown skin.
They wore relatively little clothing, especially in summer, although the women were usually somewhat more modest than the men.
The English resented the fact that the Indians wouldn't convert to Christianity as soon as the missionaries came among them. The various tribes of New England spoke basically the same language and could understand each other well.


There are many words used commonly in our language today that were learned from these New England Indians: Squaw, wigwam, wampum, pow-wow, moccasin, papoose, etc. Today there is little doubt that prior to Columbus's voyage, the Norsemen sailed to the coast of North America early in the eleventh century. We do not have a record of all of the European contact and influence on the Indians in the early years of exploration because the greatest exposure came from the early European fishermen and trappers who kept no records of their adventures, as opposed to the explorers. In 1524, Giovanni da Verrazano wrote the first known description of a continuous voyage up the eastern coast of North America. As the fur trade became increasingly more important to Europeans, they relied heavily on the Indians to do the trapping for them. Another problem with which the Indians had to contend was the White man's diseases for which they had no tolerance nor immunity.
In the spring of 1606, Gorges sent Assacumet and Manida, as guides on a ship with Captain Henry Chalons, to New England to search for a site for a settlement. In 1614, Captain John Smith, who had already been involved in the colony at James Town, Virginia, was again commissioned to take two ships to New England in search of gold, whales or anything else of value. Dermer wanted to trade with the local Indians of the Wampanoag Federation and asked Squanto if he would guide them and be their interpreter. Derner was given safe passage through Wampanoag land by Massasoit and soon returned to his ship. When the Pilgrims left England in the Mayflower, their stated intent was to establish a settlement on the mouth of the Hudson River, at the site of present day New York City. The Pilgrims returned to the Mayflower and, after many days of exploration, found a more suitable location. On March 16, 1621 the Pilgrims were surprised by a tall Indian who walked boldly into the plantation crying out, "Welcome!
The Pilgrims gestured for Massasoit to join them in their fort but, he in turn, gestured for them to come to him. When the amenities were ended, the English brought out a treaty they had prepared in advance, which specified that the Wampanoags would be allies to the English in the event of war with any other peoples and that they would not harm one-another; and that when any Indians came to visit the plantation they would leave their weapons behind.
After the ceremonies were ended, Governor Carver escorted Massasoit to the edge of the settlement and waited there for the safe return of Winslow. Part of Massasoit's willingness to make an alliance with the English must be credited to his weakened condition after suffering from the recent epidemics which left his followers at about half of the strength of his enemies, the Narragansetts. In June of 1621, about three months after the signing of the treaty, a young boy from the Colony was lost in the woods. When the English could not find the boy, Governor William Bradford, (who replaced John Carver, who died in April) sent to Massasoit for help in locating the boy.
That summer Governor Bradford sent Edward Winslow and Stephen Hopkins, with Squanto, to Pokanoket (Massasoit's own tribe, on the peninsula where Bristol, R.I. From this trip of Winslow's, we learn more about the daily life of the Indians in this area. Massasoit urged his guests to stay longer but they insisted they must return to Plymouth before the Sabbath. Less than a month following this visit, Massasoit sent Hobomock, a high ranking member of the Wampanoag Council, to Plymouth to act as his ambassador and to aid the Pilgrims in whatever way they needed. Hobomock and Squanto were surprised at what they heard, and quietly withdrew from the camp to Squanto's wigwam but were captured there before they could get to Plymouth.
Although the Narragansetts and Wampanoags were historical enemies and continually feuding over land, they did not usually put hostages of high rank to death.
Normally, treason was punishable by death and Massasoit would certainly have been justified in executing Corbitant for his part in the plot against him but, for some reason, Massasoit complete forgave him. Their first harvest was not a large one but the Pilgrims were.happy to have anything at all.
During the winter, a rivalry developed between Squanto and Hobomock, the two Indians who now lived continually at Plymouth. According to the treaty he had signed with Plymouth, they were to turn over to him any Indians guilty of offense. In June and July, three ships arrived at Plymouth with occupants who expected to be taken in and cared for. In the winter of 1622-23, Governor William Bradford made trips to the various Indian tribes around Cape Cod to buy food to keep the Pilgrims from starvation.
Next, Standish went to Cummaquid (Barnstable, MA.) where Iyanough was Sachem of the Mattachee Tribe. Thinking that Massasoit was dead, they went instead to Pocasset, where they sought Corbitant who, they were sure, would succeed Massasoit as the next Great Sachem. Winslow describes their arrival, where the Indians had gathered so closely that it took some effort to get through the crowd to the Great Sachem. Since the Pow-wow's medicine had not produced any results, Winslow asked permission to try to help the ailing Sachem. Their second Thanksgiving was combined with the wedding celebration of Governor Bradford and Alice Southworth.
Because of Massasoit's honored position, more was recorded of him than of other Indians of his time. Massasoit most likely became Sachem of the Pokanokets, and Great Sachem of the Wampanoags, between 1605-1615.
The second son of Massasoit was Pometacomet, (alias Pometacom, Metacom, Metacomet, Metacomo or Philip.) Philip was born in 1640, at least 16 years younger than Alexander.
The third son, Sunconewhew, was sent by his Father to learn the white man's ways and to attend school at Harvard.
When his two oldest sons were old enough to marry, Massasoit made the arrangements for them to marry the two daughters of the highly regarded Corbitant, Sachem of the Pocasset tribe. The tribes of Cape Cod, Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, as well as some of the Nipmuck tribes of central Massachusetts, looked to him for Military defense and leadership. Following the plagues of 1617, which reduced his nation so drastically and left his greatest enemy, the Narragansetts of Rhode Island, so unaffected, Massasoit was in a weakened position. In 1632, following a battle with the Narragansetts in which he regained the Island of Aquidneck, Massasoit changed his name to Ousamequin (Yellow feather) sometimes spelled Wassamegon, Oosamequen, Ussamequen.
In 1637, the English waged an unprovoked war of extermination against the Pequot Federation of Connecticut, which shocked both the Wampanoags and the Narragansetts so much that both Nations wanted to avoid hostilities with the feared English. After hearing of the death of his good friend, Edward Winslow in 1655, Massasoit realized that his generation was passing away. As Massasoit's health began to decline, he turned more and more of the responsibilities over to Alexander who was a very capable leader and who was already leading the warriors on expedition against some of their enemies. Massasoit was succeeded, as Great Sachem, by his son Alexander, assisted by his brother, Philip. The younger generation saw, in Alexander, a strong, new leader who could see the danger of catering to the English. Both Philip and Weetamoo were very vocal in their condemnation of the English and word of their accusations soon reached Plymouth. Together, Philip and Canonchet reasoned that it would take a great deal of preparation for such a war. This idea is based on the success and experience gained from the Grey Bruce Children's Water Festival; a similar idea but with our forest resources as the main focus for this new festival. We will be presenting curriculum based, hands-on, interactive and educational learning opportunities for grade 7 and 8 students from those schools to whom we traditionally provide programs (i.e. Such an undertaking will require planning and the gathering of resources; human, financial and material. The distant croaks of ravens were heard from time to time and a pileated woodpecker called loudly as it flew by. Some who walk 3 or 4 km for exercise a few times a week were amazed that it took us over 4 hours to hike the 5.3 km. Should it be demolished and removed, repaired and restored or just allowed to disintegrate on its own?
In the future it will be necessary to reduce the number of windows and replace those remaining and add new siding to the building. We had a dozen people turn up for the event and were fortunate to find 13 species in the few hours of trying. Further hiking in the area revealed a number of interesting plants and flowers including: Blue Bead Lily in fruit (aka Clintonia), Rattlesnake Fern, King Devil (aka Yellow Hawkweed), Mouse Ear Hawkweed, Goata€™s Beard (aka a€?Jack Go To Bed By Noona€? for the tendency of the flower to close by noon), Bush Honeysuckle, Bladder Campion, Birdsfoot Trefoil, Common Blackberry, False Solomona€™s Seal and our second orchid of the day a€“ Long Bracted Green Orchid (aka Frog Orchid) a€“ another a€?lifea€? orchid for many in the group. We found along the roadside ditches many beautiful species (that would rival many gardens) including: Kalma€™s Lobelia (aka Brook Lobelia), Pink Pyrola, Indian Paintbrush (aka Painted Cup), Wood Lily, Showy or Queen Ladya€™s Slipper, Royal Fern, Marsh Fern, Philadelphia Fleabane and Golden Ragwort.


Here we were happy to see many Indian Plantain, a threatened species, doing quite well this year. Here we saw Yarrow, Wormwood, Ox Eye Daisy, Yellow Sweet Clover, Heal All (aka Selfheal), Wild Columbine, Early Meadow Rue, Shrubby Cinquefoil (not yet in bloom), Bluets, Blue Flag, Common Blue Eyed Grass and the Slender Blue Eyed Grass. Joan and Walter were enthusiastic, knowledgeable and made wonderful leaders for this enjoyable outing. Mike and Helen Beaulieu, Bob Gray, Natalie Gray, Kevin Kuipers, Charlene McNaughton, James Turland, Simon Turland, Ralph Knowles, Lynn Stoltzfus, Gary Nafziger, Jakob Natziger, Dave and Jean Schaus, Peter Kloestra, Byron Monk, Angus and Kathleen Inksetter, Gayle Schaus, John Reaume, Murray Townsend, Judith King, Clarke Birchard, Dorothy Kings, Kim Sayers, Jerry Asling, Minerva Cook, Sandra Powell. Great Horned Owl and Northern Pintail (last observed in 1983) could not be located on the count day itself, not for a lack of searching. High school student volunteers would present the activity and adult volunteers would guide and instruct when needed and generally help to run the plans smoothly. Interested community people and club members are welcomed to become acquainted and volunteer for the second festival. The hike started at Inglis Falls where we went down to have a look at the falls from both sides of the river. Here we learned about creating a butterfly garden and each participant received a packet of seeds to get us thinking about next spring. We learned how to tell the difference between butterflies and moths (you need to look at their antennae) a€“ a beautiful display of Sunset Moths would rival any butterfly in their colours! A contractor advised that it would cost more for demolition and removal than to fix it up.A  So it was decided to start with the roof including soffits and fascias.
Everyone arrived right after aA  rain shower so everything smelled clean and sharper than normal. Where the most common symptom of tinnitus is constant ear ringing, pulsatile tinnitus produces more of a throbbing sound that reflects your heart rate.
Tinnitus is hearing condition that causes constant ear ringing and other disconcerting sounds that only the sufferer can hear.
Instead of limiting yourself to one therapy, doctors advise a swift and steady application of the best tinnitus treatments, prescribed all at once. Scientists who saw a link between intracranial hypertension and morbid obesity wondered if weight loss surgery might be the answer to finding the elusive cure for tinnitus…reduced ear ringing through weight loss. The Tinnitus DX blog is your landing base for all things related to tinnitus, hearing loss and the hearing-impaired. At first I was very skeptical of this record as it was a family tradition passed down for many generations. She was very fond of her Grandmother, Freelove, knew all about her and stated on several occasions that Freelove's Mother was Sarah Mauwee, daughter of Joseph Mauwee, Sachem of Choosetown, and not Tabitha Rubbards (Roberts).
Massasoit was the Sachem of this tribe, as well as being the Great Sachem over the entire Wampanoag Federation, which consisted of over 30 tribes in central and southeastern Massachusetts, Cape Cod, Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket. Welcome, Englishmen!" It was a cold and windy day, yet this Indian, who introduced himself as Samoset, Sachem of a tribe in Monhegan Island, Maine, wore only moccasins and a fringed loin skin.
Themes there included Forest Resources, Forest Ecosystems and Interactions, Climate Change, Biodiversity and Species at Risk, Stewardship and Conservation. We stopped numerous times at the lookouts along the escarpment to enjoy views over the forest below and the water and islands of Colpoys Bay, sometimes through mist and fog, and once in filtered sunlight. Some botanical highlights were the abundance and variety of mushrooms including one log covered in oyster mushrooms, a choice edible.
When the old shingles were removed it was discovered that almost all of the sheeting on the west side was rotted and needed replacement.
The survival of all of these species has been threatened and people are working on recovery programs for all of them. Closer to Red Bay we stopped once more and sharp-eyed Luke Reaume was the first to spot the European Common Twayblade a€“ another life orchid for many of us again! The fen had many other wonderful species including: Water Cress, Round Leaved Sundew, Linear Leaved Sundew, Horned Bladderwort, Common Buttercup, many Pitcher Plants, one sedge that was easy to identify a€“ the Bog Cotton was plentiful as was the Cow Vetch along the roadside. The day itself started off with winds blowing from the SW and a fine snow falling through the day, temperatures were comfortable with a high of a€“3. They searched for similar projects and found the Aylmer community planning to launch their Carolinian Forest Festival in October 2008. 160 high school students had volunteered to present at 31 activity stations, and over 160 adult volunteers functioned in a variety of tasks. Inglis falls is a cascade type of fall which means it hits rocks at several places in its fall.
Luke amazed the group as the only one able to tell the sex of a Monarch butterfly - that Junior Naturalist training is paying off! In addition they had captivating displays on a€?Atlasa€? the worlds largest Moth with a wingspan of 25-30 cm. Memorable butterflies included the Blue Morpho, Common Mormon, Golden Birdwing, Rice Paper, Owl Butterfly, Rumanzovia Swallowtails, Small Postman, Velvet Rose and Zebra Longwings.
As of yet, there is no tinnitus cure, but researchers are currently on a tinnitus treatment that would be nothing less than a miracle.
The results of overabundance weight include absence of vitality, loss of self esteem and confidence in your life.
She obtained her copy of Zerviah Newcomb's Chronical from Zerviah's original diary, in the hands of Josiah 3rd himself. This will be accomplished through over 25 different activity centres designed to allow students to connect and relate to their local natural environment while motivating behavioural changes and encouraging participants to become good local land stewards. The three day event was able to accommodate 30 classes but was overwhelmed when initial invitations revealed more than 90 interested classes. A.'s and other organizations has been organized to ensure access to as many funding opportunities as possible.
We encountered several stands of beech drops, a natural rock garden of northern holly ferns and many colonies of maidenhair spleenwort on rocks and in cracks and crevices and numerous others. Arrangements of Goliath Beetles, Longhorn Beetles, Rhinoceros Beetles, Scarab Beetles, Walking Stick, Leaf Insects and Owl Butterflies were but a few of the many dazzling displays. There were also a number of birds to distract us such as the many Zebra Finches, Ground Dove as well as Common and Painted Quail.
Evaluation and summaries indicate the Festival was well received and was successful in engaging participants' interest in conserving our forest resources. We saw Grass Pink, Yellow Ladya€™s Slipper, Bog Candles (aka Tall White Bog Orchid), Rose Pogonia (aka Snake Mouth) and another orchid new to the group a€“ Loesela€™s or Bog Twayblade! The one in Chesley was already in ita€™s10th year and had done well with high school students teaching grade school students. Nancy was gratified that her idea worked and established itself although she says that if it were not for the 300 plus volunteers, it would not have happened. Our second waterfall was Keefer Falls east of Owen Sound, it is a plunge type of water fall which does not hit rocks as the water falls. The one in Chesley was already in ita€™s10th year and had done well with high school students teaching grade school students.A  Nancy and Donna contacted various organizations of Bruce and Grey counties and came up with a list that might be sponsors and provide representation for an organizing committee. Bearce's Great-aunt, Mary Caroline, lived with Josiah III and Freelove Canfield Bearce for several years, listened to their ancestral stories, and made her own personal copy of Zerviah's diary supplement. Lawrence to what is now known as Lake Champlain where his party killed several Mohawks in a show of European strength and musketry.
It was the hope of the organizers of that festival that other Forest Festivals start up throughout the Province.
A pretty walk past a babbling brook and past several massive beech, hemlock, birch and maple trees.
Therefore have you ever wondered about some questions by yourself like this: Have you ever felt embarrassed about your small breast size? We ended the day at a restaurant in Owen Sound and promises of a repeat of the waterfall trip in the spring.
He further told them that Massasoit, the Great Sachem of the Wampanoags, was at Nemasket (a distance of about 15 miles) with many of his Counselors.



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