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Meningitis is defined as the inflammation of the protective layers covering the brain and spinal cord. Categories of people who are at an increased risk of getting the disease are children under the age of five, teenagers and college students living in dormitories, people who are older than 55, people living in crowded places like camps and hostels, people with certain chronic illnesses such as chronic heart, renal or lung disease, diabetes, cancer, and immune deficient syndromes.
The symptoms may appear in a few hours or after several days, but they usually develop within 3 to 7 days.
Physical disabilities are more common and severe in case of bacterial meningitis as compared to viral meningitis. Although patients suffering from meningitis show good recovery, the recovery rate is slow in the case of viral meningitis. People who are in close contact with meningitis patients are advised to take antibiotics against disease-causing organisms as a prophylaxis. Meningococcal disease is a serious bacterial infection caused by the Neisseria meningitides bacterium.
Find health and lifestyle advices & Get answers!Share real-life experiences with more than 250,000 community members! Infectious meningitis is caused by a variety of organisms like bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. It is usually caused by some drugs, certain diseases (systemic lupus erythematosus, Sarcoidosis), and some types of cancers.
The most common or typical symptoms that occur in adults and children over the age of two years is a classical triad of high grade fever with chills, severe headache, and neck stiffness.
It is very important to start the treatment for meningitis as early as possible after the diagnosis of the disease.

Bacterial meningitis — the most severe type — can have a good chance of recovery if treated effectively and immediately. Maintaining good healthy habits and avoiding contact with high risk persons may also prevent the disease.
The inflammation is usually the result of infection of the fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. Such people include people who have not been vaccinated, who have a genetic tendency to inherit the disease, and who are travelling to areas where meningitis is common. On the other hand, Meningococcal disease is defined as an infection caused by a bacterium called Neisseria Meningitides.
The sooner the treatment is started, lesser are the chances of complications and mortality.
During this period, many emotional and behavioral changes are commonly seen among patients.
These pathogens include Meningococcus type A and C, Pneumococcus and Haemophilus Influenzae type b (Hib). Awareness of the signs and symptoms of the disease is extremely important as is helps in the prevention of the disease. Besides these symptoms, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, mental confusion, increased sensitivity to light (photophobia), and drowsiness are also seen. If the person is immunized according to the guidelines given by world health organization (WHO) and also gets vaccinated against these organisms, he can be protected against the disease. The most common organisms that cause meningitis are viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites.

Meningococcal disease can cause other illnesses like pneumonia, pericarditis, myocarditis, pharyngitis, and conjunctivitis. Headaches, tiredness, weakness, depression, and mood changes are the most common after-effects of meningitis. Bacterial meningitis is the most dangerous form of meningitis and is usually considered a medical emergency. High grade fever with cold extremities, irritability & moaning, poor feeding or refusal to feed are the symptoms seen in the newborns and infants. When Meningococcus enters the cerebrospinal fluid, it causes the inflammation of meninges which is known as meningococcal meningitis.
Besides that, some uncommon and rare symptoms include lethargy, difficulty in learning, lack of concentration, memory lapse, and balance problems. Viral meningitis is more common but it usually leads to a complete recovery and the mortality rate is very low. Symptomatic treatment is given in the cases where symptoms are causing trouble for the patients. In this type of meningitis patients may suffer some permanent damage which can cause disabilities.
Other rare disabilities include muscular spasms, paralysis, stiffness of joints, and fits and seizures.

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