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Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in women in this country, claiming the lives of over half a million women each year.
Female diabetics have a threeto sevenfold increase in heart disease risk, compared with a twoto threefold elevation in risk in men with diabetes.
Common symptoms suggesting acute MI are chest pain, along with shortness of breath, nausea, and diaphoresis. There are also conflicting data with respect to treatment strategies for women diagnosed with acute MI. While some authors have suggested that the gender gap for mortality is due to underutilization of proven strategies such as acute coronary intervention, more recent data have shown no difference in rates of cardiac catheterization and intervention after diagnosis.
However, procedural complications and mortality rates are significantly higher in women, according to data from 1985 to 1986 National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute Coronary Angioplasty Registry. Mortality for women may be higher after thrombolytic therapy due to intracranial bleeding, a relatively more frequent event in female patients. Lifestyle change, regular exercise, weight loss, and quitting cigarette smoking are very important in preventing heart attacks.
Finally, no benefit for primary or secondary prevention has been demonstrated for HRT in postmenopausal women. In women with known heart disease, taking hormones after menopause does not protect against heart attack or stroke, and increases the risk of dangerous blood clots and gallbladder disease. While cholesterol plaque accounts for the vast majority of heart attacks in women, there are a few rare etiologies that may cause CHD in pregnant women. Rare causes of MI in young women, such as pregnancy or oral contraceptive, must not be ignored. Disease caused by thinning of the coronary arteries (blood vessels which supply the heart), due to the growth of the artherosclerotic plaque on the inside, consisting essentially of cholesterol and calcium, which restricts the circulation of blood, leading, in extreme cases, to a total blockage. If you have two or more risk factors, make an appointment with one of our specialists or, if you like, ask your doctor to perform an EBT test as a form of prevention. Atherosclerosis, sometimes called "hardening of the arteries," occurs when cholesterol, calcium, and other substances build up in the inner lining of the arteries, forming a material called plaque. Heart disease (also called as cardiovascular disease) is a class of disease that involves the heart or blood vessels (arteries, capillaries and veins). Cardiovascular disease refers to any disease that affects the cardiovascular system, principally cardiac disease, vascular diseases of the brain and kidney, and peripheral arterial disease.
Additionally, with aging come a number of physiological and morphological changes that alter cardiovascular function and lead to subsequently increased risk of cardiovascular disease, even in healthy asymptomatic individuals. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of deaths worldwide, though since the 1970s, cardiovascular mortality rates have declined in many high-income countries.
At the same time, cardiovascular deaths and disease have increased at a fast rate in low- and middle-income countries. Some people are not much concerned about heart disease because they think it can be cured with surgery. What’s more, the condition of your blood vessels will steadily worsen unless you make changes in your daily habits and control your risk factors. Ample supply of oxygen and other nutrients and eating an alkaline diet is the key to a healthy heart. Copyright © 2016 Cause of Heart Disease - Heart Disease-The Real Cause, The True Solution. Heart disease is more lethal to Americans than any other health condition (including cancer), and it has been for years.

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is often defined as a narrowing of the blood vessels that supply blood and oxygen to the heart itself. In addition to poor diet, a number of other things increase risk for CAD, inclusive of high cholesterol, high blood pressure, smoking, second-hand smoke, diabetes, a family history of heart disease and growing older.
It is important to know the signs and symptoms of heart disease, and to know what to do about it. The arteries become occluded due to the progressive buildup of plaque (cholesterol and blood particles such as platelets) inside artery walls.
Female patients are more likely than men to have a history of hypertension, diabetes, angina, and congestive heart failure. There is evidence for a relative estrogen deficiency in female smokers, as documented by earlier onset of menopause, higher rates of osteoporosis, and lower endometrial cancer risk. The deadly interplay between diabetes and other risk factors in women is particularly important; diabetics have more unfavorable lipid profiles, with higher LDL, triglycerides, and lower HDL levels.
Other agents shown to be of benefit in a female as well as male population include beta-blockers, cholesterollowering medication, clopidogrel (potent clot inhibitor at the level of the platelet), and angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. Women continue to show higher death rates, higher transfusion rates, and higher rates of vascular complications after percutaneous intervention. An aspirin a day has been proven to be of benefit in patients with risk factors for coronary artery disease and in those with coronary artery disease. Furthermore, longterm HRT also does not appear to prevent cardiovascular events in healthy women. Acute MI during pregnancy occurs at a rate of 1 in 10,000 pregnancies, with slightly less than half the cases being caused by cholesterol plaque.
Diagnosis of MI in a female requires heightened suspicion because of the often nonspecific nature of the presenting complaint. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
Although cardiovascular disease usually affects older adults, the antecedents of cardiovascular disease, notably atherosclerosis, begin in early life, making primary prevention efforts necessary from childhood. This narrowing occurs because many people eat foods that clog arteries, specifically those high in cholesterol or fat.
Over time, often decades, the small particles in drinking water build up in the pipes and the water at the faucet doesna€™t flow very fast.
Obviously growing older and family history is unpreventable, but there are many things that can be done to help prevent these risk factors from affecting you.
In fact, cardiovascular disease death rates for women have outstripped rates for men every year since 1984, with continued widening of the gap each year. This plaque can then rupture and erode, compromising blood flow to the heart muscle and resulting in acute MI.
The majority of infarcts, which occur in middle-aged women, can be attributed to tobacco use.
While the majority of women presenting with acute MI do complain of chest pain, other more nonspecific complaints such as upper abdominal pain, dyspnea, fatigue, and nausea occur more frequently in female than in male patients. Acute treatment of MI includes thrombolytic agents (these agents dissolve the clot) as well as primary angioplasty (trying to open the diseased artery immediately in the cardiac catheterization laboratory). Some authors have related the gender difference in outcomes after both angioplasty and coronary artery bypass surgery to smaller vessel size in women, greater age of female patients, greater number of comorbid conditions, and generally poorer functional status. Basic research suggests that younger, nondiseased vascular tissue may be more likely to respond to the effects of HRT, and future clinical studies may address this.

Clinicians should strive toward aggressive, early treatment of MI in women just as in men, with accepted strategies including thrombolytic therapy and primary angioplasty or stent implantation. If atherosclerosis affects the brain arteries (carotid or cerebral arteries), a stroke can occur. There is therefore increased emphasis on preventing atherosclerosis by modifying risk factors, such as healthy eating, exercise, and avoidance of smoking.
Most hear or read a short blurb about heart disease and immediately their eyes gloss over or their ears close, most except the 1,255,000 Americans who had a heart attack in 2010. Our bodies break down the food and these smaller particles are circulated through our blood stream.
Plaque erosion has been more commonly found in women younger than 50 years, and is highly associated with cigarette smoking. One possible explanation for this excess risk is that diabetes may impair estrogen binding in the vasculature. HRT is very effective in the amelioration of menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes and vaginal dryness; current knowledge favors short-term, targeted use of HRT only for women with troubling menopausal symptoms who do not have contraindications to their use. Possible mechanisms include the presence of a relative hypercoagulable (tendency to clot easily) state during pregnancy, with decreased availability of factors which dissolve blood clots. Primary percutaneous revascularization may be especially efficacious as an initial treatment strategy in females because of the increased risk of hemorrhagic stroke associated with thrombolytic therapy in women. The data is clear: a lot of people die of heart disease, specifically coronary artery disease every year a€“ AND ita€™s largely preventable. These particles usually travel through the blood without a problem, but occasionally they start sticking to the walls of the blood vessels and cause them to narrow and become less flexible.
In contrast, plaque rupture has been found to be more common in older women, and is associated with significantly higher total cholesterol levels than in patients dying with plaque erosion.
The presence of diabetes as a risk factor greatly magnifies the adverse effects of other factors such as cigarette smoking, elevated cholesterol levels, and hypertension. Increased vascular reactivity during pregnancy may also be a factor, with a greater propensity toward vascular spasm and constriction. Secondary prevention after MI should include proven medical therapy such as aspirin, beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, and lipid-lowering therapy with statins; HRT no longer has a meaningful role to play. It is true that procedures such as angioplasty and bypass surgery can help blood and oxygen flow more easily to the heart.
Less flexible arteries react more poorly to increased demand on the heart to pump more blood during exercise, and the whole system becomes less efficient.
These differences may be especially grave in younger women; mortality rates after acute MI are twice as high in women less than 50 when compared to men in the same age group. Along with plaque rupture and erosion, vascular spasm is more common in women than in men, and can result in heart attacks and chest pain. This ominous complication of pregnancy is thought to occur because of hormonally mediated biochemical and vascular changes occurring in arterial walls during pregnancy. These same factors may also play a role in rare cases of acute MI that have occurred in young women taking oral contraceptives.

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