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Clarity: A diamond’s clarity refers to the degree to which a diamond is free of blemishes and inclusions, which include feathers, crystals, bubbles and carbon spots.
Cut: The cut is the human contribution to a diamond, and has a great effect on the other 3 C’s. Value is Key – Be sure that you understand what exactly you are purchasing and that you trust your jeweler.
When buying a diamond, one of the most important factors you should consider is its cut grade. As the term suggests, symmetry refers to how symmetrical the facets of each diamond are in relation to each other (i.e. Other factors that determine a diamond’s cut grade include girdle width and culet size, which also affect a diamond’s brilliance and overall appearance.
Colorless diamonds in the D, E, and F color range are the most expensive of all.  Diamonds in the G to J range are still near colorless but there is about a 10% price difference in each color grade.
The GIA uses 11 categories for a diamond’s clarity these include: flawless (FL),  internally flawless(IF), very very slightly included (VVS1, VVS2), Very Slightly Included (VS1, VS2), Slightly Included (SI1, SI2), and Included (I1, I2, I3). Brilliant cuts are more forgiving of inclusions because their facets are positioned in such a way as to maximize brilliance whereas other fancy cuts like the emerald cut and asscher cut (which are step cuts) are less forgiving of inclusions. Of all the qualities of a diamond, the carat weight is probably one of the most important for most people. It is worth noting, however, that carat refers to a diamond’s weight and not necessarily its size. All the characteristics mentioned above determine how valuable a diamond is and are therefore, dependent of each other. Swiss jewelry company Shawish unveiled a model of the world's first all-diamond ring at the 2012 Baselworld watch and jewelry show, which closed on March 15. However, diamonds do in fact come in many colors, and the term used to describe them is fancy color. Both inclusions and blemishes lower the clarity grade and hence decrease the value of the diamond, however they normally have very little effect on a diamonds’ beauty or durability.
Most diamonds sold in jewelry stores and online stores come with a diamond grading report that illustrates its qualities and specifications. While there are other factors that can affect a diamond’s physical appearance and value, the four Cs of a diamond are the most important characteristics.


A diamond with an excellent polish will not show any defects even under 10x magnification whereas a diamond with poor polish will show defects even without magnification. Diamonds in the I and J color range have the most demand in the market because they are readily available and offer great value for money. Inclusions can affect a diamond’s physical appearance, as it can interfere with the passage of light in the diamond, which in turn can affect the amount of light reflected back to the surface. While no two diamonds are virtually the same, these parameters help jewelers and consumers determine the price and value of a diamond. The design actually debuted in Spring 2011, and after reading initial news coverage many pondered the concept: An all-diamond, diamond ring? It will take approximately 9 months to make the ring using laser technology created specifically for the ring's design.
For those who are on an information overload regarding all of the technical concepts of diamonds, we’d like to make it easy for you. The color of a diamond is measured on an alphabetical scale, starting with the letter D and going up from there. Many men get hung up on the specs and may even be tempted to buy a perfect yet small stone – a big mistake. Larger, higher-grade diamonds typically come with a grading report from a reputable third party institute like the Gemological Institute of America (GIA), EGL, AGS, and others.
As such, gemologists worldwide use these four parameters to determine the grade of most diamonds.
Diamond cut is graded from excellent (provides maximized brilliance, reflects the most light back to the surface) to poor (most light escapes at the bottom or the sides of the diamond, providing little to no brilliance).
In a well-cut diamond, each facet is strategically placed so that the most amount of life is reflected out of the crown for the observer to enjoy. This means that two diamonds of the same carat weight may not necessarily have the same physical size when viewed from the top. Read on as we discuss the “4 C’s” of a diamond and important things to consider when purchasing. Typically, round brilliant diamonds are top sellers, as this cut allows the most light reflection throughout the diamond and the most sparkle for the viewer.
When grading a diamond, gemologists consider several factors including the position, size, and quantity of these inclusions under 10x magnification.


Its cut proportions determine the actual size of the diamond; carat weight merely refers to how heavy the diamond is. They also present an unnecessary expense to the buyer, as small inclusions do not usually distract from the beauty of a diamond. Other popular cuts include princess and emerald, as well as Euro Cut and Mine Cut in vintage stones.
Inclusions that are located in the girdle or under the bezel of a diamond is ideal because they are not visible and barely affects a diamond’s brilliance. The length x width ratio of a diamond also determines how big it will appear once set in a ring.
On the other hand, diamonds that are highly flawed, with inclusions visible to the naked eye, would not make a great choice for an engagement ring, but may be perfect for a pendant or diamond earrings. So, now that you’re somewhat familiar with the four C’s of diamond buying, you’re ready to start looking.
The fancy colors come in after that, with colors ranging from yellow to blue and pink and even black.
A smaller diamond can be as beautiful as the largest in the store; that’s where the other C’s play their part.
The amount of color you see in a diamond largely depends on its size, how it is cut, and whether or not it is mounted. What we tend to find most often is that men are too concerned with the technical factors of a diamond, while women are just looking for “the one.” Yes, the four C’s are important. The color of the metal in a mounting can either mask or enhance the color of a diamond; for this reason, we tend to see white metals such as white gold and platinum show off a diamond the best, while yellow gold tends to provide a yellowish cast even if the diamond is near colorless. However, this does not mean that everything needs to be absolutely perfect according to the grading standards.



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