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Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is defined as the cessation of airflow during sleep preventing air from entering the lungs caused by an obstruction.
Snoring is caused by a narrowing of your airway, either from poor sleep posture or abnormalities of the soft tissues in your throat.
A blocked ear can be quite an upsetting experience as an imbalance in the pressure of the ear. The ear plays a vital role to maintain the balance and equilibrium of an individual so it is important to lookout when it comes to the ears.
To unblock ears, swallowing and yawning are the practical ways that release the pressure in your ears and restore your hearing ability. If the blockage of ear is caused due to accumulation of water, the best remedy is to let gravity to do its work.
In case there is a lot of ear wax accumulation in your ear, oil can be used to soften the ear wax. If an insect is accidentally lodged inside your ears, put 1 or 2 drops of oil inside your ear. If you have difficulty to carry out above mentioned remedies, you can seek for medical help, or an ENT specialist.
The EarPopper helped my family the past 3 years as well as others in the travel industry to eliminate ear pain, pressure and hearing loss associated with flying.
We have compiled the following information to help you and your loved ones understand the importance of otolaryngology services in all of our lives and provide you with some answers to your ears, nose, and throat related questions. The most common causes of sinus inflammation (sinusitis) are irritants, allergens, and the common cold. While most cases of sinusitis will resolve with rest and at-home treatment, you should make an appointment with one of our ear, nose, and throat doctors if you’ve been sick for three or more days, have a fever with your symptoms, or have a history of frequent sinus infections. Stuffy NoseA stuffy nose isn’t usually cause for alarm, but sometimes it can indicate an underlying illness. Sinusitis TreatmentsWhether you’re suffering from an acute sinus infection or chronic sinusitis, our certified head and neck doctors can help you find relief.
Lost Sense of SmellA loss of smell that persists for more than a few weeks may indicate a chronic infection, a structural problem, or even a nasal tumor.
EmpowHER Founder & Chairman Michelle King Robson shares her own personal health story and explains why women need to advocate for their own health and wellness! This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. Halitosis represents a crippling social issue which is not yet accompanied with any permanent measures. Ears, nose and throat (ENT) region itself accounts for approximately 10% of the oral causes with 3% contribution coming from the tonsil region. The keymost factors in relation to oronasal halitosis comprises infection in the pharyngeal region by either virus or a bacteria, swelling in the pharynges, sinusitis, postnasal drip, ozena, tonsil crypts or presence of any foreign particle in the nasal or sinusal cavity.
In cases where tonsils are the main culprit, clinical assessment requires insights into the details of the tonsil regarding its size, structure including coatings, invaginations etc and also existence of tonsilloliths (stones in the tonsil). Alternative ENT cause responsible for halitosis is acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, also known as Plaut-Vincent angina, the causative organisms being Fusobacterium Plaut-Vincenti and Borrelia Vincenti.
In cases where oral hygiene is incapable of improving the bad breath, tonsillectomy (removal of tonsils) is usually recommended.
Referral should be made to the ENT specialist or pulmonologist in the cases where halitosis arises as a result of ENT causes.
Acute infective sinusitis can be taken care of by the appropriate antimicrobials including broad spectrum penicillin and cephalosporin and medical broadening of the ostiain case of recurrences. Metronidazole is usually recommended for inflammation of the tonsils for temporary control. In general terms otitis externa (commonly called  swimmers ear) is an inflammation of the skin of the auditory canal. In order to understand otitis externa, understanding the anatomy and physiology of the external auditory canal is important. The external auditory canal is comprised of cartilaginous and bony segments.  The skin covering the external cartilaginous component is thick, hair bearing and produces cerumen (wax), with cerumen acting as both a waterproofing  as well as an antibacterial and antifungal agent. Note the severe swelling causing occlusion of the external auditory canal, with only a minimal degree of discharge seen.
Fungi are responsible for approximately 10% of cases with Aspergillus species the most prominent.
Post treatment fungal colonisation and chronic fungal otitis externa are not uncommon entities. Correct diagnosis: especially in children there is a often a difficulty in determining whether a presentation of otalgia is the result of otitis externa or of the more common acute otitis media, especially if this is associated with a tympanic membrane perforation.
Ear toilet: the commonest cause of treatment failure is inability to apply topical therapy.


Severe swelling of the canal: Oral antibiotics and a short course oral steroids can allow initial resolution of swelling then allowing topical therapy to be more effective. Referral for microscopic toilet: this allows effective removal of debris and purulent discharge.
Insertion of a wick: a self expanding wick inserted into a narrowed canal allows delivery of topical therapy with continuous exposure to the antimicrobial agent. Malignant otitis externa (skull base osteomyelitis): essentially isolated to the immunocompromised. Water precautions: for those prone to recurrent infections the use of cotton wool with Vaseline in the bath and shower, and fitted ear plugs for swimming. Simple intermittent use of olive oil drops can be very useful for minimising wax buildup, dryness and itching. Ear, Nose, & Throat TherapyWhy is this area so important?The ear, nose and throat are interconnected. These periods of 'stopping breathing' only become clinically significant if the cessation lasts for more than 10 seconds each time and occur more than 5 times every hour. In case of blocked ears, person will be able to notice the pressure and the difference while yawning, swallowing, and either sneezing or coughing. It is secreted within the canals of the ear and protects the ear from dust, insects, and water. Place two drops of warm olive oil in ear and lie down with the blocked ear facing the roof. It will help to kill the insect and also help to drain out the foreign object from the ear.
Drink plenty of water a day as it could also treat the cold and prevent your ears from getting blocked.
It would minimize the symptoms of common cold and thereby lowers the secretion of mucus to the nasal cavity and Eustachian tube. As a blocked ear could indicate a build-up of inner ear pressure or fluid, or even a viral disease, doctor or a specialist perform an accurate diagnosis and recommend appropriate medication for this condition. If the Eustachian Tube is unable to open and regulate pressure in the middle ear, a blocked ear feeling can result. Our goal is to provide you with the best possible ears, nose, throat, and hearing services based upon your individual needs. Any one of these can attack our sinus membranes, causing them to swell and trap mucus in the sinus cavity. If you have a fever or nasal discharge that doesn’t improve within three days, please contact any of our locations to schedule an appointment. This Ears, Nose & Throat Treatments page on EmpowHER Women's Health works best with javascript enabled in your browser. However, many dental treatments and mouth rinses are available which provide only temporary relief.
All these conditions enhance bad breath by the bacterial degradation of the tissues that ultimately leads to the production of volatile sulphur compounds (VSC). The most important ENT cause for halitosis is acute tonsillitis (inflammation of the tonsils) brought about predominantly by Group A ?-hemolytic streptococcus (bacterial cause) or by influenza, adenovirus and respiratory syncytial virus (viral cause). Presence of stones in the tonsils results in 10-fold rise in the level of VSC mainly by the action of Selenomonas, Prevotella, Eubacterium and Fusobacterium etc.
Postnasal drip arising due to mucus accumulation at the back of the nose and throat, presence of foreign bodies in the nasal cavity, cleft palate, and atrophic rhinitis (chronic inflammation of nose) all contribute to the production of oral malodor. However, in cases of acute sinusitis arising due to dental causes including periapical tooth infections (mainly in second molar), infection has to be treated first and extraction of the tooth or endodontic treatment is usually recommended.
Presently, CO2 laser has been used in the cryptolysis method in case of chronic caseous tonsillitis which maintains the parenchyma structure of the tonsils and also reduces caseous retention.
This is usually a primary infection, but can occur as the result of discharge from the middle ear. Whilst most OE is generalised less commonly a furuncle can form in association with a hair follicle. Without access to a suction device and a microscope, the use of a cotton wool ball fashioned into a spear can allow removal of a degree of discharge from the ear canal.
The important components of this therapy are the acidity and anti-inflammatory components as well their the anti-microbial activity. The use of topical steroids and resolution of the infection are critical but systemic use of NSAIDs and paractemol is also important. The fact that pseudomonas represents the commonest bacterial cause of OE does represent problems in selecting an appropriate agent, given that oral ciprofloxacin is problematic in the paediatric setting.
It also allows exclusion of the presence of a foreign body (always a consideration in children). This is usually removed at 48-72 hours.Another option for difficult cases is the instillation of anti-microbial, anti-fungal and anti-inflammatory ointments to fill the canal under direct microscopic guidance.


When retained water is suspected, the intermittent use of a alcohol based drop such as Swimmers ear drops is useful. Atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis (including that to components of topical therapy) , psoriasis amongst others should always be considered.
For the effective treatment of blocked ear, it is necessary to figure out the cause responsible for the blockage of ear.
Cold or allergies cause clogging or swelling of these openings, leading to sinus infection. To carry out this, you have to require a basin full of hot water and a towel to cover your head in order to inhale steam. Medical attention is specially required in case of yeast infection as it can damage the eardrum and could cause permanent ear damage. As the negative pressure builds, fluid may be pulled into the middle ear cavity putting more pressure on the ear drum. If these things do not work, ask a medical care provider about the clinically proven device called the EarPopper. Perhaps, the most distressing is the sense of detachment created by increased difficulty of communication that is often experienced in one's closest personal relationships. Halitosis is very common in the patients suffering from the diseases related to ENT origin. The malodor arising as result of bacterial sinusitis is contributed by Fusobacterium spp., Porphyromonas spp.
Bacterial pharyngitis caused mainly by group A streptococci is usually counteracted by the chlorhexidine sprays. Chronic sinusitis is caused by a variety of factors and its management takes into consideration the underlying phenomenon. Ozena (an atrophic rhinitis marked by a thick mucos discharge, mucosal crusting, and a strong odor) is treated by fluoroquiolone against gram negative bacteria. If you are confident that the tympanic membrane is intact, sofradex is the first line therapy. Topical steroids are often indicated and the use of hypoallergenic skin and hair products recommended. The signs and symptoms of ears blocked include feeling of an ear pain, fractional loss of hearing and sometimes person might feel clicks in the ear.
As this is a common occurrence, several causes are accountable for blocked ears and few of them require a doctor’s attention. Because of cold or allergies, sinus get inflamed very much that results in the closing of the Eustachain tube, the canal which joins the ear, nose and throat. In normal condition, this canal is closed but when the balancing of the overall pressure is necessary, it opens. After 5 minutes, get up and all the ear wax will drop out of the ear along with the olive oil.
Penicillin plays a pivotal role in the prevention of rheumatic fever and aids in the control of oral malodor. It can be controlled by vasoconstrictors, surgical amputation of the inflamed mucosa and polyps. Ideally therefore microscopic toilet with a suction aspirator is required, and this may be needed every couple of days. A ciprofloxacin based drop should be used when a tympanic membrane perforation is a possibility. The mucus and the bacteria get entry to this canal and cause severe ear blocks while suffering from cold. To pop clogged ear open, you can apply heated cloth pads over the ear as an alternative way.
While traveling in an airplane, chewing on a gum is also helpful to release pressure in ears especially. It is suitable for adults and children of all ages.This ancient natural and gentle therapy has been used by many civilizations. Treatments may also have the benefit of making you sleep better, and improve your immune system.
Regular use of a saline nasal wash can soothe, moisturize, and help keep the nose, sinuses and ears clear, clean and healthy.



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