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With the advancement of medical science over the last few decades, one would think that we would be abe to explain the reasons for each individual's hearing loss, unfortunately this is not the case.
Conductive Hearing Loss occurs when there is a problem in the outer ear or the middle ear, such as ear wax, fluid behind the eardrum, or middle ear infection. If you would like to know what your child or adult loved one is experiencing with their hearing loss, the first step is to understand more about their hearing loss.
The audiogram below contains drawings depicting typical sounds and where they fall on the audiogram.  Jet planes, for instance, are loud, high decibel, high frequency, sounds while wind rustling leaves is a much lower decibel sound. Show your friends and family what sounds you have difficulty distinguishing between and hearing on the below audiogram with the speech banana.  This can help them learn to say certain sounds a little louder, or speak into your better hearing ear or to speak directly in front of you so that you can help determine what they are saying. This site is not designed to and does not provide medical advice, professional diagnosis, opinion, treatment or services to you or to any other individual.
Find a doctor at The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center or Johns Hopkins Community Physicians.
Everything from genes and noise exposure to medications, head injuries and infections can play a role in hearing loss. Although nearly 27 million Americans age 50 and older have hearing loss, only one in seven uses a hearing aid. There is a breaking-in period as you—and your central auditory system and brain—adjust to life with hearing aids. At present, very few states require health insurers to cover the cost of hearing aids for people of all ages. Dementia (di-men-sha): A loss of brain function that can be caused by a variety of disorders affecting the brain.
Cochlear (koe-klee-er) implant: A device implanted into the inner ear to stimulate the auditory (hearing) nerve.
Learning to handle your emotions and those of a loved one with dementia can be anything but straightforward.
An occasional memory slip is normal, but how can you tell if it may be something more serious? Sign up now for our free monthly e-newsletter and get our exclusive Guide for Caregivers as an added bonus.
Hearing is measured by a professional with an audiometer that sends tones to each ear through earphones.
It is a good idea to have a complete hearing evaluation even if you don’t suspect a hearing problem. The onset of hearing loss is often a gradual process, so people are sometimes not aware that their hearing is deteriorating.
They are also designed to make soft sounds audible, and loud sounds comfortable, as they are your personal amplification system.


Symptoms that result from hair cell damage include loss of loudness, loss of clarity, particularly in background noise, and tinnitus. If we identify that your hearing loss is conductive in nature, we will refer you to one of the ENT's (Ear, Nose & Throat) Specialists that are located close to you. If you have answered yes to any of these questions, you would benefit from contacting a hearing healthcare professional for a full assessment of your hearing status.
Almost half are under the age of 65 and 54% of the population over the age of 65 suffer from hearing loss. Many times this type of hearing loss may be corrected by medical or surgical treatments.Symptoms of Hearing Loss.
A child may be able to hear certain low frequency sounds such as [m] but not hear higher frequency sounds such as [s] and [sh] even with the use of hearing aids.  Missing those sounds may change their understanding of what is being said. Through this site and linkages to other sites, we provide general information for educational purposes only. Trouble detecting soft or high-pitched sounds is often the first sign that stereocilia —the delicate hair cells that convert sound waves into electrical signals within the ear—have been damaged.
But recent research from Johns Hopkins reveals that it also is linked with walking problems, falls and even dementia. Moderate loss tripled risk, and people with a severe hearing impairment were five times more likely to develop dementia.
If you think your hearing has diminished, it’s worth making an appointment with an audiologist for a hearing check, Lin says. But during that time, communication with loved ones becomes more difficult, and isolation and health risks increase. Plenty of people with a hearing impairment sit silently rather than joining in conversations and activities, because they fear that hearing problems will make them seem helpless or less than competent.
Today’s hearing aids and cochlear implants are smaller (and less conspicuous) than ever before. That’s why most doctors and hearing centers include a trial period, so you can be sure the type you’ve chosen—whether it’s a miniature behind-the-ear model or one that fits into your ear—is right for you.
People who are socially isolated have little day-to-day contact with others, have few fulfilling relationships and lack a sense of belonging.
Symptoms include forgetfulness, impaired thinking and judgment, personality changes, agitation and loss of emotional control.
It’s used to help restore sound perception in children and adults with profound hearing loss. Hearing loss often affects the high pitch sounds first, so loudness is often normal, but clarity is impaired.
The inner ear is made up of rows of hair cells (see to the left) which provide clarity and sharpness to sounds, particularly in background noise.


Hearing loss is the third most common medical condition in our adult population, following only high blood pressure and arthritis. With this type of hearing loss the hair cells in the inner ear (Cochlea) have become damaged or less effective.
If you recognize any of the following symptoms of hearing loss, please contact one of our offices or your personal physician to have your hearing professionally evaluated. The information provided in this site, or through linkages to other sites, is not a substitute for medical or professional care, and you should not use the information in place of a visit, call consultation or the advice of your physician or other healthcare provider. Soft sounds include phone conversations or background noise in settings such as restaurants.
The truth: Connecting with others can help your brain stay younger and keep you involved with life. Even celebrities (like former president Bill Clinton and football Hall of Famer Mike Singletary) are wearing them proudly. At an average price of $1,675 per ear for equipment, fittings and evaluations, hearing aids can take a bite out of your budget.
Social isolation can increase the risk for poor eating, smoking, alcohol use, lack of exercise, depression, dementia, poor sleep and heart disease.
Alzheimer’s disease, Huntington’s disease and inadequate blood flow to the brain can all cause dementia. When hearing loss occurs the thresholds fall into the shaded areas, meaning sounds must be increased in level for you to hear them. On average, once a person determines that they have a hearing loss, they wait over seven years before seeking assistance.The impact of a hearing loss can be far reaching and involve many aspects of one's life. If you anticipate regular exposure to high-level noise, for example if you are an avid recreational shooter, you may wish to obtain more frequent tests until you can assure that your hearing is stable.
Hearing impaired individuals may have difficulty localizing sounds, understanding speech in busy environments, and participating in everyday normal conversations. Unusual changes would alert you and your hearing specialist (audiologist or otolaryngologist) to look for noise-related (inadequate or improperly fitted protection) or medical causes before it’s too late.
This can lead to social isolation, confusion, frustration, tension, anger, stress and depression. Other symptoms that may accompany hearing loss include ringing tinnitus, dizziness or balance disturbances. Recent studies also indicate that untreated hearing loss negatively affects one's overall health, quality of life and happiness.Causes of Adult Hearing Loss.



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