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For the last 17 years, I've traveled to over 40 countries, and every continent, as an audiologist conducting presentations and training on audiology and hearing instruments for a major manufacturer.
Over the past few years, I have seen a few patients for rehabilitative treatment that felt their recent surgery had caused their hearing loss or greatly contributed to the progression of their impairment.  While hearing loss from anesthesia seems to be a rare complication and may be more common for some operative procedures than others, basically what happens is that patients who heard well as they were wheeled into the surgical suite wake up with sudden hearing loss or tinnitus in one or both ears.
Most audiologists that have seen these sudden hearing loss patients find them a challenge as it is difficult to for them to work through the grieving process for their lost hearing.
Singh, Sinha and Madan (2012) comment that peri-operative hearing impairment is a poorly reported and distressing morbidity related to anesthesia.
In their classic discussion of peri-operative hearing loss, Sprung et al (2003) found that the hearing losses can be conductive (CHL) or sensorineural (SNHL), unilateral or bilateral, transient or permanent, and have been reported following virtually every type of anesthetic procedure. In the opinion of these authors, hearing impairment following cardiopulmonary bypass is often permanent and probably due to subsequent vascular supply issues in the organ of Corti.
Ultimately, when these peri-operative hearing losses do not reverse themselves the patient will find themselves in the office of an otolaryngologist for treatment of a sudden hearing loss. Hain (2012) defines sudden hearing loss (SHL) as greater than 30 dB hearing reduction, over at least three contiguous frequencies, occurring over a period of 72 hours or less. Sprigg (2012) indicates that only about 10 to 15 percent of people with SSHL of all types ever know what actually caused their hearing loss. They suggestion that this risk be discussed in the preoperative period with patients who are at high risk for perioperative hearing loss may be good medical–legal advice. While listening to music can be soothing to the nerves, exposure to loud music can have detrimental effects on hearing.
With the advent iPods and music players, exposure to loud music has become very common and is especially preferred by teenagers. The loudness of normal conversation is at 60 decibels and the sounds between 60 and 80 decibels are loud noises.
Extremely loud sounds affect the ears by damaging the hair cells of the cochlea in the inner ear.
Noise induced hearing loss can occur due to sudden one time exposure to a very loud sound or by continuous exposure to extreme decibels for a longer duration.
The eardrum is a thin membrane found inside the ear, which detects sound vibrations and helps transmit them to the brain. Perforation of the eardrum (tympanic membrane) creates an opening on the thin membrane separating the ear canal from your middle ear.
A sudden, very loud noise such as an explosion that occurs near you can produce shock waves that tear your eardrum. Barotrauma, which is caused by a sudden change in air pressure that leads to sharp pressure differences between the outer and the middle ear. Grommets, or tiny tubes inserted through the eardrum to drain mucus or pus, may fall off creating tiny perforations in the eardrum. Protect your ears from too much pressure by not blowing your nose, which can make the perforation worse. If a tear in the eardrum does not heal by itself, surgical treatment may be needed to close the large perforation. Meniere’s disease is a type of hearing disorder in which the person experiences ringing sound in the ears and a feeling of fullness in the ears. Meniere’s disease is characterized with episodes of ringing in ears, spinning feeling and fluctuating hearing loss. There can be recurring attacks vertigo (spinning sensation) which may last for few minutes to hours and in some cases it can lead to nausea and vomiting sensation. This disease can cause permanent hearing loss and sudden episodes of spinning and falls which may cause accidental injury.

Your doctor will collect complete medical history and conduct physical exam of the ears using lighted instrument. As such there is no remedy for Meniere’s disease but treatments can be given only for managing the symptoms. People with Meniere’s disease should be aware of the attacks and sit down during such episodes. I've learned that audiologists the world over, while a diverse group, share the same goals and objectives for our patients. It could occur following virtually any type of anesthetic technique. In their 2012 report the authors found 52 reported cases following general anesthesia in literature. Some patients report hearing loss that is noticed instantaneously in the morning, while others report rapid development over a period of hours or days. In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page.
So, if your children are fond of loud music, here is something you need to know and help them maintain their hobby as well as their health.
Loudness beyond 85 decibels can affect hearing and exposure to such noises for a long time can even cause permanent hearing loss.
In case of temporary exposure to the sound, the cochlea can recover however repeated and continuous listening to very loud sounds can cause permanent damage.
Noisy recreational activities, especially listening to music players set at loud volumes can damage the ears.
We run network of high quality 50+ high niche websites with millions of regular visitors, Please connect with us. It also plays an important role in protecting the inner ear from bacteria and other foreign objects. It may occur due to physical trauma, an ear infection, and negative pressure caused by diving underwater or flying in an airplane. Infection is often associated with pus or ear discharge that runs from the middle to the outer ear. Usually, this type of injury is severe and can lead to significant hearing loss and tinnitus (ringing in the ear).
Therefore, you need to visit your doctor if you have any of the above signs of perforated eardrum, or experience any discomfort or pain within your ear. However, a doctor may decide to prescribe antibiotics if there is risk of infection in the middle ear while your eardrum is healing.
Avoid flying when you have a cold, and use earplugs when flying to prevent recurrence of perforated eardrum. Pressure in ear may be caused by various factors and is often accompanied by other symptoms.
It was first reported by Prosper Meniere, a French physician and hence the disorder is given his name. Meniere’s disease can cause hearing loss after each episode and for some it can cause permanent loss of hearing.
Frequency and intensity of symptoms like vertigo and tinnitus can be reduced with medications. It is dangerous to drive vehicle for them and they should take enough rest after such attacks.
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They further reported that the incidence of hearing loss after spinal anesthesia is more common, possibly as high as 50%.
The severity of the hearing loss varies from one patient to another and only one ear is usually affected. While, the use of personal music systems is still studied, it is accepted that exposure to loud noise or music to extreme decibels can be dangerous.
A perforated eardrum (or perforated ear drum) occurs when this membrane is torn or damaged, leading to reduced hearing and possible ear infection. A perforated eardrum can cause temporary loss of hearing, pain, and sometimes ear discharge.
Wear a shower cap or use Vaseline on cotton balls inside your ears while bathing to ensure dryness of your ear.
The doctor will apply a chemical to the perforated edges to stimulate tissue growth and a patch to cover the hole.
The most common procedure is tympanoplasty, where the surgeon places a graft of your own tissue on the hole of the eardrum. Although there are some simple home remedies to relieve ear pressure, complications may arise if it is not treated properly. Tinnitus (loud ringing noise in the ear) and buzzing or whistling sound is common symptom of this disease.
Frequent attacks of vertigo and tinnitus can cause death of hair cells of the inner ear over years leading to deafness.
Prescription drugs include Lorazepam, Meclizine in suitable dosage and Phenergan to manage vomiting sensation. A portion of bone is removed from that area and a small tube is placed into the sac so that excess of fluid secretion from the inner ear gets collected here. Stories of travel, clinical practice, research, training diversity and other topics are of particular interest.
The true incidence, however, is unknown, owing both to lack of reporting and subclinical presentation, which often goes unnoticed unless audiometry is performed. Symptoms of a burst eardrum must not be ignored and medical attention must be sought to protect your hearing and ear health. Always treat ear infections immediately to avoid getting eardrum perforation or other issues.
Some factors like allergies, frequent migraine episodes, genetic predisposition and abnormal immune response can cause Meniere’s disease.
Further testing includes VNG (videonystagmography) test, rotary chair testing, video head impulse test and posturography according to the symptoms of the affected person. These include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which help reduce your pain and inflammation. The hearing capacity of the person can get affected due to repeated episodes of spinning and ringing in the ears. Gentamicin injection is suggested by some doctors in the middle ear to facilitate balancing function of the ears.

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