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Although there are two main forms of vertigo, Central Vertigo and Peripheral Vertigo, the latter, Peripheral Vertigo, is by far the most severe form of the condition.  The disorder is caused by an imbalance in the delicate inner ear, which controls the body’s balance and there are four main forms of this troubling condition.
This then causes a sensation of disorientation within the central nervous system which causes the feeling of dizziness within the afflicted person. Other causes of BPPV include post-viral infection, chronic middle ear disease, head injury, and spontaneous degeneration of the labyrinth. This form of the condition causes dizziness along with a sensation of perpetual motion even when the sufferer is standing or sitting still.
This disorder occurs because of an inflamed labyrinth, a delicate structure in the inner ear, which, when damaged has the potential to seriously affect both hearing and balance.  The condition can be caused from either a bacterial infection, or a viral infection such as a cold or the flu, that latter of which is more common.
Like BPPV the symptoms of Labyrinthitis pass within a few weeks in most cases but of course, sufferers of this uncomfortable condition will want to learn how to best manage and treat their symptoms.
Bed rest –  Research has shown plenty of bed rest enables the body’s immune system to repair itself more effectively, and regular and adequate rest will undoubtedly help sufferers to cope better with their Labyrinthitis.
Vestibular Rehabilitation Treatment (VRT) – This treatment works by attempting to rewire the brain into coping more effectively with the altered signals that it receives from the vestibular system as a result of Labyrinthitis.
Drinking plenty of water – Ensuring the body receives enough fluids will prevent sufferers from becoming dehydrated which can lead to a worsening of symptoms. Lying still – During an onset of Labyrinthitis, it is best to lie as still as possible until the most severe symptoms pass.   Research has shown that lying on one side is the most beneficial position for easing symptoms.
Also sufferers should avoid bright lights, smoking, chocolate, and alcohol, as these can all trigger an attack.
Also called Vestibular Neuritis, this form of the condition comes on suddenly and is typically triggered by an infection that has spread to the vestibular nerve, which affects balance. A virus such as the herpes simplex virus can trigger an attack, and, as a result of this, the most effective treatment would be to medicate the virus with drugs that target the underlying condition.   If herpes is the cause for example, then the drug prescribed would be Acyclovir, a drug typically used to treat herpes simplex.
Common symptoms of Vestibular Neuronitis include, unsteadiness when walking or standing, earache, vomiting, and nausea, and the condition typically follows a viral infection such as a cold.  The good news is that attacks are typically a one-time occurrence, with up to 95% of successfully treated patients never suffering a recurring bout of the condition. Vestibular rehabilitation exercises have been proven to be effective in the treatment of the symptoms of this condition with the sufferer referred to a Vestibular Rehabilitation therapist who will evaluate the severity of the disorder.  After this evaluation, a full treatment plan will be drawn up that will consists of specialized balance exercises that are designed to correct and strengthen balance. This form of Peripheral vertigo is a vestibular disorder that is caused by high inner ear fluid levels which causes a swelling in the delicate labyrinth of the inner ear.  An attack can last from between 20 minutes to several hours with the average being between two and four hours. There are a number of ways that this form of vertigo can be treated, depending on the severity and depth of symptoms experienced. Sufferers of Menieres disease are also frequently prescribed a medication called betahistine, which helps by reducing pressure caused by fluid levels in the inner ear, relieving the uncomfortable symptoms of the condition. If you suspect a diagnosis of Peripheral Vertigo then the first thing to do is visit a qualified medical practitioner to confirm diagnosis.  If you have already been diagnosed, following the advice in this guide will help you to best manage your individual form of the condition. Peripheral Vertigo is not typically treated with conventional medications, but, if your form of the condition is particularly severe, your doctor may prescribe a short course of prescription drugs, such as benzodiazepine or anti-emetics to suppress nausea and vomiting.
Always make sure to see your doctor if you experience a worsening of symptoms or experience additional symptoms such as mental confusion or weakness or numbness in a part of your body as this could indicate a more serious medical condition. Labyrinthitis – The inner ear coordinates balance with the eyes and joints of the body.
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) – This is one of the most common causes of vertigo. Inner Ear Infection – Adults can experience inner ear infections which may contribute to problems with balance. Anxiety or Panic Attacks – These may occur in stressful conditions with the feeling of dizziness, faintness, rapid heartbeat, tightness in the throat and a sense of impending catastrophe or doom.
Medication – A common side effect of various medications may be loss of balance and vertigo.
Acoustic Neuroma – This is a benign slow growing tumor in the ear that adversely affects balance and hearing. There are other less common causes such as dehydration and hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) that can contribute to dizziness. The doctors at Coon Rapids Chiropractic Office have experience in co-management of biomechanical balance and vertigo problems. The most common cause of vertigo is the problem inside your ear known as benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.

Vertigo it is not a serious illness that can make you die but it is very disturbing your activity. MechanismsThe air pressure in the tympanic cavity­ — air-filled space in the middle ear — must be equalized with the pressure of the surrounding environment.
The ability to hear and understand is an essential part to our everyday activities and overall quality of life. Regardless of age, we all depend upon our hearing and the ability to communicate every day.
The outer ear includes the visible portion of the ear, called the auricle or pinna, and the ear canal. Improved Understanding – Binaural Hearing (hearing with both ears) helps you sort out and understand individual voices. Locating Sound Source – Our brain locates a sound source by measuring the tiny differences in duration and intensity of sound arriving in each ear. Labyrinthitis is usually triggered by an inner ear infection and because of this it can occur alongside other symptoms such as fever, nausea, and earache. Steering clear of stressful situations and cutting out intrusive noises is also highly recommended.
In addition, feeling dizziness or losing your balance when bending over to pick something up or misstepping or tripping when going up or down stairs indicates your balance is not intact. Vertigo may result when changing position suddenly, turning your neck suddenly while driving, looking upwards, rolling over in bed or quickly getting out of bed.
Immediate attention by a medical professional or your primary care physician should be obtained.
Monitoring the elderly’s use of hypertensive medications is necessary to prevent them from an overdose. However, as you will have noted in this article there are multiple causes of dizziness and balance problems. Moreover, you can fall from dangerous place such as lift or street if the dizziness attacks you and it can endanger you especially for elders. The Eustachian tube connects the throat with the tympanic cavity and provides passage for gas when pressure equalization is needed. Unfortunately, many individuals take their hearing for granted until they can no longer communicate with their friends and family.
At home, communicating with your family, watching and listening to your favorite television programs, talking on the telephone, listening to music, having a conversation in a busy restaurant, or simply hearing the sounds of a coffee maker or microwave oven, even when visiting your doctors or other healthcare professionals. Individuals with hearing loss wait on average more than 7 years to begin the process of improved hearing. The pinna is made of cartilage and skin and is formed in the shape of a funnel in order to help gather sound from the environment. The hearing organ, called the cochlea, is filled with thousands of sensory hair cells that send neural impulses via the auditory nerve to the part of the brain responsible for understanding. Because we have two ears, we are more effectively able to process sound and understand speech.
You can still tie a knot, using your body as a support, but it is not as effective as having both of your hands to perform this function.
Our “built-in signal processor” in the brain blends signals from both ears into a more natural single sound “picture” as nature intended.
These differences are then translated by the brain allowing us to instantaneously recognize a sound’s exact location.
With good hearing in both ears you respond more confidently, and you don’t need to always worry about turning your “good ear” towards sounds. It results in vertigoPersistent feeling of tilting, swaying, whirling or spinning motion of oneself or of the surrounding world when nothing is moving.Learn More and hearing dysfunction.
Vertigo (dizziness) is the feeling you get when you have the sensation as if you or the room are spinning. Dizziness and balance problems are common reasons for the aging population to consult a doctor.
Very small calcium particles are displaced in the ear and affect the balance sensors creating the dizziness.

This may result in a significant drop in blood pressure causing balance and dizziness problems. No matter how mild or significant your hearing loss, it interferes with your ability to fully appreciate sounds and experiences. Once you learn more about hearing and take positive action to do something about your hearing loss, you will realize what you may have been missing. What is most important, however, is the ability to hear speech- to understand and communicate. This helps in determining the direction of the source of the sound and directing sound down into the ear canal. Within the middle ear cavity there are three small bones – malleus (hammer), incus (anvil) and stapes (stirrup).
Without such equality, our brain presents us with incomplete information, resulting in difficulty understanding speech. Visiting your health care professional can help determine if your balance issues are biomechanical from the joints of the spine or lower extremities, inner ear, neurological or cardiovascular in nature. Various maneuvers, such as swallowing or yawning, can facilitate the process.An obstruction in the Eustachian tube can lead to an inability to achieve equalization particularly during a descent when the pressure changes fast. These three small bones move back and forth, transferring sound waves into the fluid-filled cavities of the inner ear. The doctor may give you antibiotics or other medicines to cure the vertigo but you can also need to do surgery to repair the imbalance in your ear.
If the pressure in the tympanic cavity is lower than the pressure of the surrounding tissue, this imbalance results in a relative vacuum in the middle ear space. Because the middle is filled with air – the air pressure must be equalized to the environmental air pressure by the Eustachian tube, which connects the middle ear with the back of the throat and nose.
It causes tissue to swell, the eardrum to bulge inward, leakage of fluid and bleeding of ruptured vessels.
Migraine headaches have also been linked to this condition.ManagementTreatment focuses on symptom management. At a certain point an active attempt to equalize will be futile, and a forceful Valsalva maneuver may actually injure the inner ear. Diuretics are sometimes used to help regulate the excess volume of endolymph (fluid contained in the inner ear) that is associated with Meniere's disease.An ENT physician consultation is recommended as surgical procedures may help achieve relief.
Learn More include the common cold, allergies or inflammation — conditions that can cause swelling and may block the Eustachian tubes. Poor equalization techniques or too rapid descent may also contribute to development of MEBT.ManifestationsDivers who cannot equalize middle-ear pressure during descent will first feel discomfort in their ears (clogged ears, stuffed ears) that may progress to severe pain.
Further descent only intensifies the ear pain, which is soon followed by serous fluid buildup and bleeding in the middle ear. If you are at risk of experiencing disabling symptoms such as vertigo, disorientation, nausea or vomiting, you should not dive; should these symptoms occur underwater, they may lead to panic, choking and even drowning. With further descent, the eardrum may rupture, providing pain relief; this rupture may cause vertigo, hearing lossThe partial or complete loss of hearing from normal baseline. In addition, these symptoms may be confused with dive-related injuries such as inner-ear barotrauma or inner-ear decompression sickness.Further ReadingMore Questions?
This will reduce the swelling of nasal mucosa and Eustachian tube mucosa, which may help to open the Eustachian tube and drain the fluid from the middle ear. If vertigoPersistent feeling of tilting, swaying, whirling or spinning motion of oneself or of the surrounding world when nothing is moving.Learn More and dizziness are present, which may be a symptom of inner-ear barotrauma, you should seek an urgent evaluation. If unable to equalize after a few attempts, safely end the dive to avoid significant injury that may prevent you from diving the rest of the week.Further ReadingMore Questions?

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