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Currently the Mayor of London, he previously served as the Member of Parliament for Henley-on-Thames and as editor of The Spectator magazine.
Johnson was educated at the European School of Brussels, Ashdown House School, Eton College and Balliol College, Oxford, where he read Literae Humaniores. On his father's side Johnson is a great-grandson of Ali Kemal Bey, a liberal Turkish journalist and the interior minister in the government of Damat Ferid Pasha, Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire, who was murdered during the Turkish War of Independence.[5] During World War I, Boris's grandfather and great aunt were recognised as British subjects and took their grandmother's maiden name of Johnson. Try as I might, I could not look at an overhead projection of a growth profit matrix, and stay conscious. He wrote an autobiographical account of his experience of the 2001 election campaign Friends, Voters, Countrymen: Jottings on the Stump. Johnson is a popular historian and his first documentary series, The Dream of Rome, comparing the Roman Empire and the modern-day European Union, was broadcast in 2006. After being elected mayor, he announced that he would be resuming his weekly column for The Daily Telegraph. After having been defeated in Clwyd South in the 1997 general election, Johnson was elected MP for Henley, succeeding Michael Heseltine, in the 2001 General Election. He was appointed Shadow Minister for Higher Education on 9 December 2005 by new Conservative Leader David Cameron, and resigned as editor of The Spectator soon afterwards. A report in The Times[22] stated that Cameron regarded the possible affair as a private matter, and that Johnson would not lose his job over it.
The Conservative Party hired Australian election strategist Lynton Crosby to run Johnson's campaign. Johnson pledged to introduce new Routemaster-derived buses to replace the city's fleet of articulated buses if elected Mayor. I believe Londoners should have a greater say on how their city is run, more information on how decisions are made and details on how City Hall money is spent.
Ken Livingstone presides over a budget of more than ?10billion and demands ?311 per year from the average taxpaying household in London.
Under my Mayoralty I am certain that London will be judged as a civilised place; a city that cares for and acknowledges its older citizens. The Mayor’s biggest area of responsibility is transport, and I intend to put the commuter first by introducing policies that will first and foremost make journeys faster and more reliable.
An ambulance whizzes past with sirens blasting full force, the sound bouncing off every solid surface, making its way directly to the eardrums.
According to the American Tinnitus Association, 50 million people in the United States experience tinnitus; out of those 50 million, 16 million have symptoms severe enough to require medical attention, and many of them struggle to the point that their normal daily functions are affected.
To prevent tinnitus, there are some changes that can be made without a professional medical advisor’s help.
Tinnitus symptoms can vary from person to person; what may be a faint buzzing sound for one individual may be a crippling experience for the next. By having someone else voice their view on what you may be missing, we can help pinpoint where we can help the most.
Due to each patient’s individual needs, we need to take time to truly understand their situation before making any recommendations. It may sound too simple — if you want to get a better night’s sleep you have to pay attention to the food you eat before you go to bed. There have been numerous reports that show both adults and children have difficulty learning or paying attention when they did not get a good night’s sleep the night before. In Minneapolis one school system changed their school schedule to begin an hour later so students can get more sleep. Amazingly, too much sleep be just as big a problem (a sign of depression) as too little sleep.
Hummus and pita – a perfect mix of both protein (from the chickpeas) and carbohydrates. Bananas – contain tryptophan, melatonin, seratonin, and magnesium, which can act as a muscle relaxant. Chamomile — A warm cup of this will relax you, and is safe, and again the warm beverage will give you a soothing feeling. Make sure you turn off all things that will block your ability to get a restful sleep, Turn off the television, radio and lights.
Studies have found that older adults are better at functioning with less sleep than younger people.
The annual SLEEP meeting brings over 6,000 leading researchers from all over the world in the field of sleep medicine for three days to present and discuss new findings and medical developments related to sleep and sleep disorders. Lead researcher, Sean Drummond, PhD, believes the reason older adults performed better was because only healthy people were included from the older age group. Previous findings, from this study and many others, have shown that sleep deprivation produces impaired performances in memory, cognitive functions and attention across a variety of different tests. You may think you are getting enough sleep, but according to the National Institute of Health, 50-70 million Americans are experiencing some form of sleep disorder that could significantly diminish their health and safety, slow their reflexes and disrupt their ability to focus. Just as our bodies are not able to continue without rest, your brain has to do the same thing.
The good news is, however, that you can actually catch up on your sleep and reinvigorate with a few days of good sleep with no distractions and interruptions. New research, published in Frontiers in Neuroscience, explains how scientists were able to map out how different parts of the brain to react to different sleep patters – waking, sleeping, during periods of sleep deprivation. The study found a distinguished and unusual set of genes associated with sleep deprivation, including those related to stress response, irritability, how to remember anything, concentration and coordination. Since many diseases can have their core in poor sleeping habits, this research can help in the ability of neuroscientists to track brain activity and help them to treat inadequate sleep and overcoming their effects, including the ability to improve your memory. This condition is called “Sleep Deprivation,”? and can be acute (occasional or short-term) or chronic.
Chronic, long lasting or recurrent sleep deprivation can result in irritability, daytime sleepiness, fatigue, brain fog, weight loss and gain, lack of coordination, and causes loss of memory and brain function.
New research, from two different studies, were recently published that leads scientists to believe the problem is ingrained in our DNA (genes). They tracked the activity of over 200 genes in seven areas of the brain while the subjects were sleeping, waking and in a state of sleep deprivation. According to the study, “Sleep deficits have also been linked to the development of diabetes, depression, obesity and cardiovascular disease. The other study, published in the March 12, 2007 edition of Science Daily was developed by Antoine Viola, Derk-Jan Dijk, and their colleagues at the University of Surrey’s Sleep Research Center. They noted the PERIOD3 gene has long and short tags that, when compared show distinct differences between people we classify as “night owls”? and “day larks.”? These gene clusters, once they are able to identify and separate, will allow them to find a treatment for the disorder.


For approximately 30 million people in the United States, tinnitus is a distracting condition that negatively affects their ability to have a normal life.
Tinnitus is where you hear sounds within your head, even though there are no external sounds to correspond.
According to four of these finalists, before they underwent the WU program they were being constantly annoyed from the disease, and most had reached a state of exhaustion and near-collapse due to lack of adequate sleep. Three of the four patients interviewed also described an improvement in listening and language stills, in their attention, and in memory and cognitive abilities after the training. If the results from this study could help those suffering with tinnitus, most common among the aging, through retraining the brain in order ignore the noise, even if there is no way as of yet to eliminate it. This is Ron White, two-time USA Memory Champion , memory training expert, and memory keynote speaker. Did you know that losing just two hours of sleep a night can lead to a “sleep debt”? that could wreck havoc on your immune system and your ability to learn, memorize and function mentally? The good news is, you can actually catch up and reinvigorate with a few days of good sleep, which includes no distractions and interruptions. Lack of sleep doesn’t just make you tired the next day, it has a bad effect on your memory and your ability to function, and can bring on a whole lot of other physical problems if left to go too long. A five-year study at University College London Medical School (and published in May 1 issue of the journal Sleep ) tracked the sleeping pattern of a group of 5,431 participants (1,459 women and 3,972 men), most between the ages of 35-55. On average, those in the study who slept between 7-8 hours a night scored better on cognitive tests. Avoid foods or drinks that contain caffeine, as well as any medicine that has a stimulant, prior to bedtime. According to the authors, good quality and adequate sleep is imperative to human functioning and well-being.
A good night’s sleep has always been an important part of my memory training program, and this article shows that I have not been wrong.
Memorise.org is the World's Leading Memory Trainer committed to improving your ability to remember and recall information.
In reference to his cosmopolitan ancestry, Johnson has described himself as a "one-man melting pot" — with a combination of Muslims, Jews and Christians comprising his great-grandparentage.[6] His father's maternal grandmother, Marie Louise de Pfeffel, was a descendant of Prince Paul of Wurttemberg through his relationship with a German actress.
They have two sons—Milo Arthur (born 1995) and Theodore Apollo (born 1999)—and two daughters—Lara Lettice (born 1993) and Cassia Peaches (born 1997).[13] Boris Johnson and his family currently live in Holloway, North London. In 1999 he became editor of The Spectator, where he stayed until December 2005 upon being appointed Shadow Minister for Higher Education.
He is also author of three collections of journalism, Johnson's Column, Lend Me Your Ears and Have I Got Views For You.
On 2 April 2006 it was alleged in the News of the World that Johnson had had another extramarital affair, this time with Times Higher Education Supplement journalist Anna Fazackerley. Yet Londoners have little confidence in the Mayor spending their money with care and prudence. It was here that David Cameron and all his supporters gathered to congratulate him on becoming Mayor of London.
No matter how hard you try to block the sound, a penetrating, high-pitched noise rings loudly in your ears, and you have no way to control or stop it. It is a symptom that something is wrong in the auditory system — for example, a buildup of earwax, a sign of hearing loss, or a side effect of medication, among other possibilities. For those with severe, debilitating symptoms, there are treatments that can be performed by a professional, such as the fitting of hearing aids, cochlear implants, drug therapy, sound therapy, and more.
If you work in a loud environment, you should purchase earplugs — they will block the sound waves from reaching your inner ear. If you feel your tinnitus is affecting your ability to lead a normal and comfortable life, seek the advice of your audiologist to see if there is something they can do or suggest in helping you live a happier and quieter life. Most of us already know that sleep problems can lead to memory and learning problems, so you want to get a good night’s sleep every night in order for your memory to be working on all cylinders. They have found that students are not missing as much school and come to school more alert and ready to learn. Van Dongen, “They have slower reaction time, weakened memory, and other thinking impairments.”? The good news is, he adds, you can actually catch up and re-energize with a few days of good sleep, which includes no distractions and interruptions. Other sleep disorders include: sleep apnea (where you stop breathing several times a night), poor quality of sleep (when there are lights and sounds that make good sleep impossible — like a television).
Eat a light snack full of carbohydrates and trypotophan, which can boost the serotonin levels in the brain, says nutritionist Kelly Aronica. Even in sleep you can still see light through your eyelids, and these distractions can get into your head and disrupt your sleep patterns. Sleep allows our brains to catch up with the activities of the day and sort out what is necessary to remember and what is going to be thrown out.
In a presentation at the 23rd Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies, in 2009, researchers found that older adults were able to retain better memory and cognitive functioning during periods of sleep deprivation than younger adults. They exchange ideas and studies in a hope to understanding of the process of sleep, and in order to aid the diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders such as insomnia, narcolepsy and sleep apnea.
The performance of older and younger adults was compared on three distinct cognitive tasks before and after 36 hours of sleep deprivation – cognitive performance (including working memory), verbal processing and retrieval of memory, and attention span. He thinks there may have been a selection bias in choosing the older participants, while younger adults were not chosen based on health. These problems could result in more accidents, additional medical problems, more use of medications, problems with memory, and lack of coordination and reaction time. They were able to chart the behavior of over 200 genes activity in seven separate areas of the brain by identifying which genes were turned of, or turned on, and where they were in the brain.
These symptoms were found to be most common among health care workers, military personnel and people who worked long hours and swing shifts. We know then that the next day our brains are a little fuzzy, our mood is snappy, we have trouble concentrating, and creating an overall bad day.
It can be caused by being too wound up, too much daytime napping, stress, a poor diet, depression or any number of reasons. Prisoners of war have recounted how they were not allowed to sleep in order for their captures to be able to control their behavior. Although the majority of cases are acute and easily explainable, for those with chronic lack of sleep the consequences can be catastrophic.
The scientists found that being deprived of sleep impacted the neurons in the frontal brain regions that related to higher cognitive reasoning, emotions, and memory functions. They found that a “genetic difference in a so-called “clock gene”? called PERIOD3, makes some people particularly sensitive to the effects of sleep deprivation.”? They added that individuals respond differently to sleep deprivation, but they firmly believe there are biological reasons for the difference.


For about 4 million of them the condition is so severe that it makes it difficult to get a good night’s sleep, and has a big effect on their ability to learn and remember — and it feel’s like they are going crazy! It can be in both ears, or just one, or simply within the head itself, and is usually described as a ringing, buzzing or high-pitched whining. Sufferers who had both severe and mild bouts of the disease told of substantially less frequent bouts after undergoing the training. Those changes are important for the researchers to note because their studies of the brain of these patients showed clear and documented evident of tinnitus-induced brain changes that were translated into accelerated cognitive loss. Missing out on the recommend eight hours of nightly sleep for two weeks — something millions of Americans are guilty of, equals a total sleep deprivation of two full nights, according to a new study. Those who started out with 6-8 hours a night and then lessened their sleep time were more at risk for cardiovascular problems and a shortened lifespan.
Sleep deprivation and lack of sleep has an adverse effect on our performance, reaction times, attention or concentration, and make us more accident-prone.
You will find great videos to improve your memory and tools to help you practice putting it to use! Through Prince Paul, Johnson is a descendant of King George II, and through George's great-great-great grandfather King James I a descendant of all of the previous British royal houses. His comic first novel Seventy-Two Virgins was published in 2004,[16] and his next book will be The New British Revolution, though he has put publication on hold until after the London Mayoral election.[17] He was nominated in 2004 for a British Academy Television Award, and has attracted several unofficial fan clubs and sites.
In 2004 he was appointed to the front bench as Shadow Minister for the Arts in a small reshuffle resulting from the resignation of the Shadow Home Affairs Spokesman, Nick Hawkins.
Some people develop tinnitus for no obvious reason, and most of the time it’s not a sign of a serious problem. Be sure to use actual earplugs; cotton balls or toilet paper will not offer much protection. According to The National Institutes of Health, there could be anywhere from 50 – 70 million Americans experiencing some form of sleep disorder. As a memory keynote speaker he travels the world to speak before large groups or small company seminars, demonstrating his memory skills and teaching others how to improve their memory, and how important a good memory is in all phases of your life. Results from the study found older adults were more resilient to total sleep deprivation (TSD) than their younger counterparts The younger adults showed significant decline in all three areas while that of the older adults did not change to any significant degree.
This is the amount recommended by experts for optimal memory, learning, and our ability to focus and perform cognitive functions.
They came to the conclusion that sleep deprivation affects the frontal lobe a the area of the brain thought to control our higher cognitive reasoning, emotions, memorizing and retention of memory. They found that there were unique genes that were associated with stress and the body’s response to it — through memory loss, lack of coordination and anger management, concentration and coordination.
It can be intermittent, or continuous, and in some people the intensity of the noise can be changed by shoulder, head, jaw, tongue or eye movement.
They call their program the “Brain Fitness Program”? and after documenting degree of tinnitus and neurological differences between normal individuals and patients with mild to severe tinnitus, 20 patients were sent to the “brain gym”?. All of the final subjects said they were better able to control their tinnitus by being able to put it out of their minds at will and able to get a good night’s sleep for the first time in ages. It may be necessary to go to retraining periodically, but that’s a small price to pay to make such major changes in the quality of their life. This is not an old wive’s tale, warm milk contains tryptophan, which is a natural sleep aid, and sipping a warm beverage also has a soothing effect. Containing both protein and carbohydrates, yogurt is a light mix that will fill you up without making you feel stuffed, and it has wonderful disease preventative properties. Too much or too little sleep has an adverse affect on the brain, and can reduce cognitive function from four to seven years.
Those who lengthened a shorter sleep time to get their 7-8 hours saw an increase in cognitive skills and memory improvement. In addition, the amount of time spent in quality sleep has been found to be associated with a wide range of quality of life measures, such as social skills, mental and physical health, and a shortened life span. In 1995 a recording of a telephone conversation was made public revealing a plot by a friend to physically assault a News of the World journalist. It can manifest in the form of a long, high-pitched, buzzing, roaring, or pulsing noise and often occurs when there are no external sounds present. They can also fall out or leave cotton or tissue residue behind in your ears, leading to further buildup.
This could cause more accidents, more trips to the doctor for sleep medication, memory lapses and slower reaction times that could “significantly diminish”? health, safety and alertness. Sleep deprivation also does damage to our working memory and cognitive performance, making it hard to do your job well or pay attention in class. Sleep deprivation is also linked to the development of depression, obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Out of these subjects, 16 stayed with the program long enough to complete it, and 13 of these found “substantial”? relief for their tinnitus. A warm bowl of cereal with milk has the same effect of warm milk, plus the nuts are brain food to help memory improvement. Too much sleep time is usually an indication of depression, and that should be addressed as well.
The levels of sounds in the ear can vary; some instances may be faint enough to ignore, while at other times it can be temporarily deafening. Turning down the volume on your headphones and speakers will also help prevent tinnitus, since high sound volumes are directly linked to tinnitus. Van Dongen, PhD researcher and assistant professor of sleep and chronobiology at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, The most worrisome part of this is these people don’t realize how sleep-deprived they really are. Memory, concentration, the ability to complete a job or study, and the ability to make good decisions are all affected by this condition. Piccirillo says he did not believe that the tinnitus level had been consistently altered by the Brain Fitness Program training, but what changed was the frequency in which it became conscious enough to disturb the individuals. The results of deprivation are more medications, memory lapses, slower reaction times, accidents, and more trips to the doctor. It is well known that smoking cigarettes and drinking caffeine and alcohol can worsen symptoms, while frequent exercise may actually prevent tinnitus because it improves blood flow to the ear.
He said that, after training is was easier for the patients to ignore their tinnitus, putting it into the category of “meaningless noise”? and simply a distraction.



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