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Learn about Sinus infection (sinusitis), causes, signs & symptoms, diagnosis and treatment methods.
Sinuses are the hollow air-filled cavities that are present in pairs of four in the human skull. A gush of pain or pressure around the inner corner of the eyes or down one side of the nose. In the event of coughing, straining or lying on the back the pain and pressure symptoms worsens. The patient experiences pain around the cheekbone, either under the eye or around it and also pain around the upper teeth. The pain and pressure symptoms get worse when the head is upright and is bending in a forward direction while the pain is milder when the patient reclines.
Pain and pressure symptoms are worse when reclining and are better when the head is held upright.
Severe headache characterized by pain at the posterior and the top portion of the head running across the forehead and also behind the eye. Since acute sinusitis are caused by Cold viruses, they don’t require any treatment in most cases. Antibiotics, Antifungal medications or Immunotherapy can be used under proper medical care from your doctor for treatment of Sinus Infection. If you manage this site and have a question about why the site is not available, please contact us directly. Most people, at some point of time have suffered from the pain and discomfort of a sinus infection, but know very little about its causes and treatment.  The article explores about major symptoms of sinus and natural ways to soothe your sinuses.
The sinuses are air spaces located behind in your forehead, cheekbones, and behind the bridge of your nose.
Sinus pain or pressure:  You can feel pain or pressure in the area of your eyes or forehead or in the very top of your head. Blocked nasal or sinus passages:  It occurs especially at night and due to blockage   people sleep with their mouth open because they cannot breathe through nose when lie down? Steam your sinus cavities:  Take a hot shower, breathe in the warm, moist air or take steam by holding your face over a streaming sink, or simply breathing in the stream from a cup of hot water.
Rinse instead of spray: Over the counter sinus sprays provide temporary relief, but if you use them for too long, they can worsen your sinus problems. I was amazed to read this article because after reading this article I became an open mind. Traditional sinus surgery removes diseased or obstructive sinus tissue resulting in improved natural sinus drainage. Traditional sinus surgery involves the precise removal of diseased sinus tissue with improvement in the natural drainage channels by the creation of a pathway for infected material to drain from the sinus cavities. Sign up to stay informed with the latest womens health updates on MedicineNet delivered to your inbox FREE!
You can treat nasal stuffiness by using a humidifier or a portable vaporizer; breathe warm moist air through your nose as you use the humidifier. Nasal discharge may vary in sinus infections and it may be described from whitish, yellowish to greenish in color and it may also be described as thin or thick.
Increasing your fluid intake is the best treatment for fever and to dilute thick mucus secretions. There are more that you may experience like losing your sense of smell and even losing your sense of taste. Here are some ways to tell the difference between these conditions, according to the American Academy of Otolaryngology. They are present around the nasal passage and they provide insulation to the skull along with giving a lighter feel to the skull and allowing the voice to resonate within it. Each sinus has an opening that allows mucous to drain – this drainage is essential to keep your sinuses working well and helps you stay healthy.  When a sinus becomes inflamed, usually as a result of an allergic reaction, a tumor, or an infection, the inflammation will prevent the outflow of mucus and cause a pain similar to that of a headache. 2009 sinus headache can be associated with sleep disorders.  Not getting enough sleep can make your sinus problems more painful and longer lasting, but too much sleep can have the same effect.
This will help you to dilute mucous secretions and then promote drainage.  As per Mayoclinic, avoid beverages that contain caffeine or alcohol, as they can be dehydrating and worsen the swelling of lining of the sinuses and nose.
For an extra boost, consider adding pine oil, eucalyptus oil, or menthol to the water.  This will help ease pain and help in draining the mucus.
You can use a specially designed squeeze bottle (Sinus Rinse, others), bulb syringe or neti pot to rinse your nasal passages.  You can even make at home.
To try it, apply a few seconds of direct pressure to the inner edges of your eyebrows, the sides of your nose, and the bones below and around your eyes.
Hope these simple and easy tips help you to get control over sinus problem.  If such home remedies fail and your infection gets worse, you should consult with your doctor before it causes lasting damage.

Charles "Pat" Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals. Post-operative care is as important as the sinus surgery.Balloon sinuplasty or sinus ostial dilation surgery is a newer method to address sinus disease. In most situations, the surgeon will employ endoscopic techniques which allow better and more precise visualization without the need for external incisions. Watch this slideshow to see how a combination of medication, preventing allergens, and allergy relief products can reduce allergy symptoms and help you feel better. It is less common than acute sinusitis but appears to be getting more common in all age groups. These will come in handy when you or a member of the family is suffering from acute sinus infections. You may add oil or lemon extract to your vaporizer which could also help relieve the stuffiness.
Nasal discharges are common in sinus infections since the upper respiratory system secretes mucous to coat the lining of the nose and sinuses. However, when secretions are thick and are too much, it is necessary to use other effective methods.
When mucous stay long in the lungs, this becomes a great haven for bacteria to grow; when this happens, an infection develops and will cause fever and other flu-like symptoms. These happen when the sinus infection worsens and the olfactory system becomes affected as well.
Webb has integrated the specialized experience, training, and equipment necessary to diagnose and treat, in the least-invasive way possible, your sinus-related problems.
Acute sinusitis, on the other hand, lasts for less than eight weeks or occurs for more than three times per year. Try sleeping with your head elevated, it will help your sinuses drain at night and hence reduce congestion.
As a result, there is less swelling, bleeding, and discomfort, and a faster recovery from sinus surgery.Sinus surgery, unlike other types of surgery where a diseased part or organ is removed, involves the re-routing of existing sinus pathways in addition to removal of diseased tissue. It is here for patient information only - not to make patients overly concerned - but to make them aware and more knowledgeable concerning potential aspects of sinus surgery. Stuffiness is the result of the inflammation of the delicate lining of the sinuses and stuffiness will eventually lead to a feeling of pressure on the nasal area as well as minor headaches. If you don’t have a nebulizer take a long hot shower to reduce the stuffiness, this will also help reduce nasal pressure and headaches as well. Mucous has to be removed since it may lead to infection when secretions stay longer in the lung cavity. Using a vaporizer will help loosen the mucous so you may cough, sneeze or blow it from your nose.
Your sense of taste and smell will eventually return after you recover from nasal congestion and nasal stuffiness. We employ comprehensive, up-front diagnosis, the latest and safest techniques, and clear communication, every step of the way.What are the sinuses?Paranasal sinuses are air filled pockets located in the head. Frontal sinuses located in the forehead, Maxillary sinuses situated behind the cheek bones, Ethmoid sinuses placed between the eyes and Sphenoid sinuses that are behind the eyes.
Sinusitis is usually caused by external agents adhering the lining of the nasal passage and these external agents include allergens, pollutants, viruses, bacteria and fungi. It cannot be emphasized more strongly that post-operative care is as equally important as the surgery itself. Surgery to improve the drainage of the sinus is an option if other treatments fail, and usually works well. There are four pairs of sinuses:• Maxillary sinuses• Frontal sinuses• Ethmoid sinuses• Sphenoid sinusesHow do healthy sinuses work?When you breathe in air, mucus in the sinuses humidifies the air and collects bacteria and pollutants. He is a Clinical Professor (retired) in the Division of Emergency Medicine, UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, and has been the Chief of Emergency Medicine at UT Medical Branch and at UTHSCSA with over 250 publications.
One of the most common causes of failure of this procedure is poor post-operative care and follow-up. When there is an infection, your doctor will immediately start you with an antibiotic treatment. Tiny hairs lining the sinuses move the mucus (with pollutants) out of the sinus, into your throat. In the event of disruption in these defenses the bacteria tend to enter any of these sinuses and stick to the lining cells causing an infection. Patients have the right, should they choose, to have autologous (using their own stored blood) or designated donor blood prepared in advance in case an emergency transfusion is necessary. Saline sprays will loosen mucous and will also prevent the lining of the nasal passages to dry out.

This infection in the form of inflammation formed at the sinuses and the nasal passage is known as sinus infection or sinusitis. The following instructions are designed to help patients recover from sinus surgery as easily as possible and to prevent complications. It is very important that patients read these instructions or those provided by their surgeon and follow them carefully.The following information is provided to help individuals prepare for sinus surgery and to help them understand more clearly the associated beliefs, risks, and complications of sinus surgery. However, people are encouraged to ask their doctor any questions to help them better understand the procedure.Picture of the anatomy of the sinusesPicture of the detail of the sinusesWhat are the risks and complications of sinus surgery? Many cases of acute sinusitis last a week or so but it is not unusual for it to last 2-3 weeks (that is, longer than most colds). Sinusitis is said to be acute if it lasts from 4-30 days and subacute if it lasts from 4-12 weeks. A mild bout of acute sinusitis is common and many people will have some degree of sinusitis with a cold. Chronic sinusitis means that a sinusitis becomes persistent and lasts for longer than 12 weeks. This can cause a bacterial sinus infection which can make the infection worse, last longer and may cause more damage or changes to the lining of the sinus. Acute sinusitis may be more likely to progress into chronic sinusitis as there is an underlying problem. The allergy may cause swelling of the tissues on the inside lining of the nose and block the sinus drainage channels.
See separate leaflets called 'Hay Fever' and 'Rhinitis (Persistent)' which discuss allergic rhinitis in more detail. Fungal infections are rare causes of sinusitis and occur most commonly in people with a poor immune system. In many cases, it is more of a feeling of facial fullness or mild discomfort rather than pain.
For a diagnosis of chronic sinusitis, symptoms must have been present for longer than 12 weeks. Other symptoms that sometimes occur include: headache, bad breath, toothache, cough, a feeling of pressure or fullness in the ears and tiredness. In children, symptoms may include irritability, snoring, mouth breathing, feeding difficulty and nasal speech.
You should also practise good dental hygiene if you are prone to chronic sinusitis, as it can be caused by a dental infection.
Scuba divers with nasal or sinus problems should be aware of the possible serious consequences of sinus barotrauma (damage to your sinuses resulting from pressure differences when diving). Recurrent barotrauma to sinuses can cause knock-on complications, such as serious infection and damage to nerves in the face and eye. If you have had chronic sinusitis and wish to dive, you should seek advice from your doctor.
Flying in an aeroplane may cause an increase in pain if there is blockage of the sinus drainage channel. This is because, with the change in air pressure in an aeroplane, the pressure does not equalise between the sinus and outside, due to the blockage. He or she can then remove any tissues that are blocking the drainage of the affected sinus.
This can improve sinus drainage and ventilation and help to restore normal function to the sinus. This operation is minimally invasive (causes little damage) and usually has a high success rate in relieving symptoms of chronic sinusitis. A more recently developed operation is called balloon catheter dilation of paranasal sinus ostia. This involves a surgeon pushing a small balloon through a flexible tube in the nostril, into the blocked sinus. Following this procedure there is a good chance that the sinus drainage channel is widened and the sinus can drain properly.
Rarely, a sinus infection may spread to nearby areas, such as around an eye, into adjoining bones, into the blood, or into the brain. Swelling or redness of an eyelid or cheek in a child with sinusitis should be reported to a doctor urgently.

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