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The parents or future parents interested in the types of congenital defects should know that these are also known as birth defects and they represent functional or structural abnormalities that are present at birth.
Birth defects of the brain and the nervous system include autism, Prader-Will syndrome, Fragile X syndrome and Down syndrome. In case you are interested in the congenital defects kinds you may know about hypothyroidism and phenylketonuria. When it comes to the different types of congenital defects you may be thinking about Rett syndrome, X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy, lysosomal disorder, and muscular dystrophy. The sad truth about the majority of the types of birth defects is that their majority doesn’t have any treatment options, such as Down syndrome. The parents should be aware of the possibility of their child having different types of congenital defects, but they shouldn’t think too much about them because the information will only scare them.
Causes of Congenital Heart DefectThere are not many reasons known that lead to this kind of defect. Three major classes of developmental defects are indicated: defects in atrial septation, in ventricular or atrioventricular septation, and in the great vessels. Birthmark BasicsBirthmarks gain attention when there's a media blitz about someone with a visible mark, such as New Orleans Saints quarterback Drew Brees. The effects of these defects include language and speech difficulties, behavioral disorders, problems with movement and convulsions. These disorders involve the reactions and the processes that the body has in order to get rid of the waste products and other harmful chemicals.
They include cleft palate, cleft lip, heart defects (such as missing or misshaped valves) or abnormal limbs (for instance club foot).
There are some methods to make the symptoms manageable, but it is impossible to make the problems disappear.
The good news is that the defects of this kind are relatively rare and there aren’t as many children affected as you may think.
We run network of high quality 50+ high niche websites with millions of regular visitors, Please connect with us. Hole in the heart or septum defectsThe septum is the wall in the heart that separates the two chambers.
Atrial septal defects (ASD)This is a hole in the septum that separates the upper two chambers of heart called atria. Ventricular septal defects (VSD)This is a hole in the septum that separates the lower two chambers of the heart called the ventricles. Physical examinationThis is a physical exam using a stethoscope to look for signs of heart murmurs, rapid breathing and shortness of breath. Electrocardiogram (ECG)This is a record of the heart’s electrical activity to capture the pulse and rhythm rate of heart. Catheter procedureThis is a much safer and quicker way to operate on the defects than surgery.
Surgery When the catheter procedure is not successful, the patient needs to under go an open heart surgery. Aside from publishing a bevy of life improvement guides, Dr Prem runs a network of 50 niche websites that attracts millions of readers across the globe.

The types of congenital heart disease that occur within each class are indicated, with the associated mutated genes listed.
News reports suggest that he was born with this birthmark on his right cheek, which doctors checked early on and found to be harmless. Prose, Leonard Kristal; Copyright 2888, 1998, 1990, 1975, by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is possible that the baby isn’t entirely blind or deaf, but there is some degree of vision or hearing loss. The best thing that you could do is to talk to your health care provider about the case of your child. Congenital heart defect is a problem with the heart’s structure which then obstructs blood flow to the heart.
This allows the oxygen rich blood from left atrium to flow to right atrium instead of left ventricle.
This allows the oxygen rich blood from left ventricle to flow to the right ventricle instead to the aorta (artery which takes away oxygenated blood away from the heart) and to other body parts.
Valves control the blood flow from atria to ventricles and from ventricles to aorta and pulmonary artery. In this procedure, a catheter is inserted into an artery or vein by puncturing a needle in the skin. Thus far, Dr Prem has traveled to more than 40 countries, addressed numerous international conferences and offered his expert training and consultancy services to more than 150 international organizations.
Genes for which mutations result in discrete congenital heart diseases are indicated in black; genes that are mutated in congenital heart diseases that are part of a wider syndrome (also involving defects that are not associated with congenital heart disease) are indicated in blue. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health.
It can be of various types – ranging from mild with no symptoms to a severe defect with complex symptoms which requires special treatment from birth. People having a genetic or chromosomal abnormality like Down’s syndrome are likely to have heart defects.
This causes the left side of the heart to work very hard and it increases the blood pressure in the right side of the heart and the lungs. This is the preferred procedure for many simple defects like ASD and pulmonary valve stenosis. He also owns and leads a web services and technology business, supervised and managed by his eminent team. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. Congenital heart defect cannot be prevented but diagnosis can help in early treatment and care. Birthmarks may be caused by extra pigment-producing cells in the skin or by blood vessels that do not grow normally. Some scientists have linked smoking during pregnancy with congenital heart defects in babies especially septum defects.

Abnormal flow of blood through heart can lead to certain sound referred to as heart murmurs. Right ventricular hypertrophy where muscles of the right ventricles become stiff as it has to work very hard.
All birthmarks should be checked by a doctor.Seen here is former Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev, who has a port wine stain on his forehead. Salmon PatchesSalmon patches are nests of blood vessels that appear as small, pink, flat marks on the skin. Regurgitation: This is because the valve fails to close and the blood flows back to the same chamber. Salmon patches can appear on the back of the neck ("stork bite"), between the eyes ("angel's kiss"), or on the forehead, nose, upper lip, or eyelids. Port Wine StainsA port wine stain begins as a flat, pinkish-red mark at birth and gradually becomes darker and reddish-purple with age. Port wine stains are caused by dilated blood capillaries and occur in about three out of every 1,000 babies. Frequently found on the buttocks or lower back, they're typically blue, but can also be bluish gray, bluish black, or brown.
Cafe-Au-Lait SpotsCafe-au-lait spots are smooth and oval and range in color from light to medium brown, which is how they got their name, "coffee with milk" in French. Cafe-au-lait spots may get bigger and darker with age, but are generally not considered a problem. However, having several spots larger than a quarter is linked with neurofibromatosis and the rare McCune-Albright syndrome. Strawberry hemangiomas occur on the surface of the skin, usually on the face, scalp, back, or chest.
These occur in 2 of every 100 babies born.Strawberry hemangiomas usually develop a few weeks after birth. No treatment is required, but when they develop near the eye or mouth, or in a location that can bleed or become infected, they may need to be treated or removed. Cavernous HemangiomasPresent at birth, deeper cavernous hemangiomas are just under the skin and appear as a bluish spongy mass of tissue filled with blood. Although present at birth, they may not become apparent until later in childhood or adulthood.
Treatment -- often sclerotherapy or surgery -- may be necessary for pain or impaired function. These moles can grow anywhere on the body and vary in size from less than an inch to over 8 inches. But congenital nevi, especially large ones, have an increased risk of developing into melanoma, the deadliest type of skin cancer.

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