Biofeedback tries to teach you to control automatic body functions such as heart rate, muscle tension, breathing, perspiration, skin temperature, blood pressure and even brain waves. During biofeedback training, sensors attached to your body detect changes in your pulse, skin temperature, muscle tone, brain-wave pattern or some other physiological function.
Although biofeedback has been used to treat a variety of health problems, there is little scientific evidence that it works for most of them.
If your doctor refers you to a therapist for biofeedback, the therapist will contact the doctor to discuss your medical history and your current health problems before you begin therapy. If your doctor has not referred you to a biofeedback therapist, but you want to try biofeedback, call your doctor first to discuss the situation.
Biofeedback requires motivation, time, effort, practice and honest communication with your therapist. Once you finish your biofeedback sessions, you can return to your therapist's office whenever you feel you need to. If your doctor refers you to a biofeedback therapist, but the sessions don't help relieve your symptoms, call your doctor to discuss the situation.
Disclaimer: This content should not be considered complete and should not be used in place of a call or visit to a health professional. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records.
The cosmic currents that surround our earth correspond in colour and rate of vibration to each of the colours in the aura of men and all living creatures.
Once you know the sequence of your own colour-coded brain map and the colours of your thoughts,  you can better understand the repeating positive or negative colour programs that you may have.
Since a colour’s vibration stimulates different endocrine glands in our body, which in turn triggers that gland to secrete various hormones, we can easily use colour to influence our thoughts and moods in a positive proactive way.
Understanding what colour attitudes we use can assist us in breaking bad habits and deep seated emotions. To visually see how our thoughts are coloured, below is an aura map of a person on the positive side (picture on the left) versus the same person thinking a negative thought within one minute of his initial baseline reading.
EEG neurofeedback is a non-invasive brain training method with the purpose of changing the electrical activity (EEG) of the brain and bring it closer to normal. Neurofeedback therapy is safe and has emerged as a non-pharmacological treatment option for the management of a variety of neuropsychiatric conditions.
There is now good scientific evidence from both controlled research and clinical studies as well as long-term follow-up that EEG neurofeedback can be an effective treatment for seizure disorders and attention deficit disorder when compared to both common drug treatments and placebo, and that treatment affects are long-lasting. Treatment with EEG neurofeedback is based on the theory that once individuals understand their brain activity and learn to manipulate their own brain waves, they will be able to continue to do so, long after the therapy has ended. During a neurofeedback session (whether in the clinic or at home), the patient sits in front of a computer monitor with small, non-invasive electrodes attached with a little paste to the scalp through the hair to measure brain wave activity.
Currently, there are well over 2000 practitioners in the United States and Canada offering some form of EEG neurofeedback or other form of neurotherapy treatment for one or more of the above listed disorders and tens of thousands of children and adults have been treated over the last 35-40 years. Frank Duffy, MD, Neurologist, Head of the Neuroimaging Department and of Neuroimaging Research at Boston Children’s Hospital, and Harvard Medical School Professor, conducted an independent review of the literature on neurofeedback for Clinical Electroencephalography (2000). A recent special issue of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America was devoted to emerging interventions that affect brain function. Hemoencephalography (HEG) is cortical circulatory biofeedback using refracted light tuned to oxygenated hemoglobin, emitted into the skull and detected at the scalp using a photoelectric cell.
Near Infrared Hemoencephalography (nirHEG) is a type of brain imaging technology that indirectly measures neuronal activity of the brain. This means that as the local oxygenation of the blood under the light source and sensor increases in response to neural activation, the signal from the HEG device changes. In nirHEG neurofeedback, the trainee tries to increase the signal from the HEG sensor, which is equivalent to activating the cortical region of the brain under the sensor. Whereas EEG neurofeedback appears to effect neurogenesis and neural connectivity; HEG neurofeedback appears to affect angiogenesis and increases the density of the capillary bed that brings oxygen to the area of the cortex being trained. One thing that links these three disorders is the possibility of dysregulation of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of the brain— the area just above your eyes and behind the forehead. The PFC also plays an important role in emotions and motivation; helping us to keep to a long-term plan by somehow holding in mind the good feelings connected with achieving that goal. Numerous brain scanning studies have shown that activation in the PFC is not optimal in the brains of persons who are depressed or have attention-deficit disorder. To date, clinical reports of nirHEG neurofeedback have most commonly focused on training the prefrontal cortex of the brain. Finally, although the underlying neuropathology of migraine remains unknown, there have been a number of clinical reports describing successful HEG treatment of a few hundred migraine patients to date. Research on the HEG device and its use in neurofeedback is still quite limited but has been going on at the University of California in Los Angeles and the Biofeedback Research Institute of Los Angeles by Drs.
Subjects in studies of HEG neurofeedback have not reported any significant or long lasting adverse effects. HEG neurofeedback sessions are typically 30-45 minutes in length and consist of some number of 10-15 minute training trials with a short rest between each trial.

Information contained on this website is intended for educational and informational purposes only and does not constitute medical advice or diagnosis. By learning to control these functions, you may be able to improve your medical condition, relieve chronic pain, reduce stress, or improve your physical or mental performance (sometimes called peak performance training). These changes trigger a signal a sound, a flashing light, and a change in pattern on a video screen that tells you that the physiological change has occurred. This will give you an opportunity to hear your doctor's thoughts about biofeedback as a treatment for your specific health problem.
Your therapist will discuss your symptoms and expectations, medical history, current medications and any other treatment you tried before biofeedback.
At the end of each session, your therapist will review your progress and outline a practice schedule for you to follow at home. There are no state laws that regulate the training of biofeedback therapists, but many therapists voluntarily obtain a certificate from the Biofeedback Certification Institute of America (BCIA) as proof of their education, experience and professionalism. Depending on your specific type of health problem, your doctor may suggest an alternative form of treatment or reconsider your original diagnosis. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Each type of thought has its own pulse wave, which in reality is a colour vibration or more specifically a wavelength of colour! In the colour language positive thoughts are vibrant and negative thoughts are tainted with darkness. We even have many phrases that illustrate a “colour” connection such as melancholy BLUE, RED with anger, tickled PINK, GREEN with envy, YELLOW bellied coward, etc.
A positive attitude will attract good things into our life and negative thoughts will attract mental, emotional, physical and spiritual problems. The Biopulsar-Reflexograph® technology was used to clearly show how our thoughts are colour vibrations and that these thought vibrations communicate to other cells within our body. With the proper feedback of moment-to-moment brain wave activity it is possible to learn to alter and control brain electrical activity or brain wave patterns to a significant degree.
There is also growing scientific and clinical evidence supporting the effectiveness of EEG neurofeedback in the treatment of the following conditions: drug addictions, alcoholism, anxiety disorders, PTSD, chronic pain, depression, insomnia, specific learning disabilities, and migraine. Some studies have followed patients for as long as 10 years after being treated with EEG neurofeedback and have shown no significant loss of treatment gains.
This direct evidence of neuroplastic changes following brainwave training adds greatly to our confidence in EEG neurofeedback as a safe and painless and relatively natural method of modulating brain function.
Red light at 660 nm is used as the probe, with changes in the returning refracted light representing changes in cortical circulation. Herschel Toomin found that there was a very good correlation between his device and fMRI systems, which also relies on changes in blood oxygenation to measure brain metabolism. Areas of the brain that are more active require more oxygenated blood and this demand for more energy is met by localized increases in blood flow. The PFC is a particularly important part of the brain that is most highly evolved in humans and plays a central role in purposeful behavior—making decisions, formulating and carrying out plans and intentions, and maintaining attention and concentration in the face of competing stimuli. As well, the PFC has the ability to inhibit other structures in the brain connected to emotions, allowing you for example to override a fear of water and drowning to learn how to swim. Optimizing PFC activity may help increase focused attention and concentration, strengthen control over emotions and impulses, enhance the sense of purpose and self-possession, and increase flexible responding to the demands of a given situation.
To a large extent this is because nirHEG does not work very well over parts of the scalp that are covered in hair and, where EEG neurofeedback signals from electrodes placed on the forehead are easily contaminated by electrical noise caused by eye blinks and movement, such small muscle movements do not affect the reliability of the nirHEG signal.
It is thought that nirHEG biofeedback over the PFC may strengthen inhibitory control over some part of the brain stem thought to generate migraines.
The most commonly reported side-effect is transient mild headache or fatigue following treatment sessions and lasting no longer than a day or two following. While many patients will experience a positive response within the first couple of sessions, successful and longer-lasting reduction of clinical symptoms, especially in chronic conditions, will commonly require 10-20 sessions of training. Nothing on this site is intended nor should be taken as a substitute for the advice provided by your physician or other qualified healthcare professional.
The application of physical therapy has revolutionized the treatment of pelvic floor disorders providing relief to many long-suffering women.
Gradually, with the help of your biofeedback therapist, you can learn to alter the signal by taking conscious control of your body's automatic body functions.
Multiple studies show that biofeedback may be effective for certain types of urinary incontinence, diabetic fecal incontinence and anal pain related to excessive muscle contractions and constipation caused by problems with the muscles in the anus. It also will help to give your doctor a more complete picture of the treatments you are using. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) suggests that you check your therapist's credentials, experience and certification.
Your therapist will discuss the results you hope to achieve and the results you can expect. Your aura is a direct reflection of you, which in essence is how you think and feel as well as your health.

Biofeedback of muscle tension (electromyogram or EMG) has been successfully used to treat chronic muscle pain, TMJ, and tension headache. There are also increasing numbers of clinical reports suggesting that EEG neurofeedback may be useful in ameliorating some of the symptoms and dysfunctions associated with such conditions as brain injury, autistic spectrum disorders, chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, and senile dementia.
The monitor displays the EEG information in some form that offers feedback on how the EEG is changing from moment-to-moment.
Campbell serves on the staff of the Department of Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston and in the Department of Pediatrics of the Harvard Medical School. The volume editors provided an overview and clinical perspective on all the approaches presented. Neurotherapy and Neurofeedback: Brain-Based Treatment for Psychological and Behavioral Problems.
Neurofeedback intervention in fibromyalgia syndrome: A randomized, controlled, rater-blind clinical trial.
EEG biofeedback as a treatment for substance use disorders: Review, rating of efficacy, and recommendations for further research. The light passes through the semi-translucent scalp, skull and brain tissue and is reflected back by blood in the tissue. It coordinates the brain resources needed to carry out our intentions and evaluate our actions in terms of their success or failure in meeting objectives. The PFC is especially relevant to social emotions because our ability to imagine what other people might be thinking and feeling depends on the PFC.
Among the symptoms of poor executive functioning in the PFC are inattention, poor planning or judgment, slow reaction time, lack of social awareness, and poor impulse and emotional control.
Additionally, other researchers have studied this technology for the treatment of a number of different brain disorders.
Intentional Increase of Cerebral Blood Oxygenation Using Hemoencephalography (HEG): An Efficient Brain Exercise Program. Such unpleasant side-effects appear to be the result of working too hard or too long in a training session. It is usually best to begin training with anywhere from 2-4 sessions per week for the first few weeks and then reduce the frequency of sessions as symptom improvement is solidified. You should not use the information on this website for self-diagnosing orself- treating any health problem or disease, or self-prescribing any medication or other treatment. Treatments such as behavioral therapy, computerized biofeedback, vaginal cones, tissue massage and trigger point release, TENS and electrical stimulation are used by our physical therapist to treat these and other pelvic floor problems. For example, for muscle biofeedback, you may have sensors attached to muscles on your head, neck and jaw.
Sterman discovered that increasing the amount of 14 Hz activity as recorded from over the sensorimotor cortex of the brain had the effect of inhibiting seizure activity. In many training situations, this feedback involves some sort of video game or movie that responds to changes in the EEG. The ratio of red to infrared light scattered back to the HEG sensor is used as a measure of localized blood perfusion and oxygenation. The trainee quickly gains greater control over the flow of blood and the density of oxygenation at the chosen scalp site. Paper presented at the 14th Annual Conference of the International Society for Neuronal Regulation, Atlanta, Georgia.
It is generally best not to do more than 20-40 minutes of training per day and to have a night of sleep between training sessions. Red blood that carries oxygenated hemoglobin will absorb more of the red light than bluer oxygen depleted blood. As you learn to control your body's functions, some of which are unconscious, the biofeedback equipment will signal your progress with a tone, flashing light or change in pattern on a video screen.
Joel Lubar in the late 1970s discovered that many persons with attention deficit disorder show too much brain wave activity in the 6-8 Hz range (NOTE: Hz = Hertz = cycles per second or frequency) from the frontal lobes of the brain and EEG neurofeedback could be used to train a shift in brain wave activity to the higher frequencies associated with more focused attention. To be able to watch the video, the patient's brain must learn to increasingly produce the desired type of brain waves.
On the other hand, whether the blood under the sensor is carrying oxygen or not has no effect on the reflection of the infared light. Training in the left hemisphere of the brain is enhanced by cognitive challenges; whereas training in the right hemisphere is enhanced by spatial activities.
Introduction to Quantitative EEG and Neurofeedback: Advanced Theory and Applications, 2nd Edition. Through the 1980s and 1990s, numerous well-designed controlled scientific studies have demonstrated the efficacy of EEG neurofeedback in the treatment of both seizure disorders and attention deficit disorder.
Training in the back of the head over the occipital lobes (visual cortex) is a form of relaxation and is enhanced by visualization exercises.

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