In 1992, countries committed themselves, under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), to fighting unprecedented shifts and changes in the world’s climate. If a project practices emission-reduction and is registered under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), it can earn CERs (Certified Emission Reductions) which can then be sold to offset emissions produced in other parts of the world. In accordance with UNFCCC rules, Uganda hosts a Designated National Authority (DNA) to approve CDM projects.
GIZ, on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB), therefore works in Uganda to strengthen the country’s involvement in CDM projects. This intervention is part of the Promotion of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Programme and allows for formation of synergies between climate change mitigation, and energy issues. Mitigation can be as complex as a plan for a new city or as simple as an improvement to a cook stove design. To support the Ugandan government and private sector to further participate in carbon market mechanisms such as CDM and promote sustainable and green development paths. The GIZ project works to ensure representation of developing countries such as Uganda in the carbon market, with the goal of enabling them to develop sustainable development strategies and enhance technology cooperation.
Priority is placed on utilisation and further development of programmatic approaches for larger-scale emission reduction activities. Cooperation with national institutions to develop innovative and effective mitigation strategies. Support in development of standardised baselines as a stepping stone for further Programmes of Activities (PoA).
Technical support for project identification and development through cooperation with established private sector organizations. Cooperation with financial institutions in order to create linkages to existing financing schemes. The GIZ project in Uganda supported Carbon Foundation for East Africa in the development of a transnational umbrella programme.
Nonrenewable energy is energy that comes from the ground and is not replaced Pobblems of non-renewable energy. While we are just beginning to understand the ramifications of climate change in our national marine sanctuaries, it is also important that we realize the impact of our own everyday actions on the special marine places we are trying to protect and what each of us can do to help. Every site is undertaking greening efforts in some way (please see the table and examples below). Portugal is highly dependent on transforming imported fossil fuels to meet its energy needs, as it does not have any non-renewable resources worth using. Figure 3 shows the current status of total energy consumption per sector following recent structural changes in the economy. Since 2005 there has been a decoupling of GDP (real GDP at 2000 levels) growth from total energy consumption.


The share of renewable energy sources is increasing as is the variety of options available, with wind power experiencing significant development recently. In 2007, the share of renewable electricity (around 35 %) was more or less the same as in 1998 and was mainly derived from coal and gas thermoelectric plants. Due to its geographical location on the periphery of the European Union, Portugal is highly dependent on road freight transportation. Demand for freight transportation has been growing faster than real GDP, as in passenger transport demand. Total GHG emissions in Portugal, excluding land use, land-use change and forestry, have increased by around 2 % per year since 1990. Private car ownership, and consequently transport sector emissions, increased significantly during the 1990s. This briefing is part of the EEA's report The European Environment - State and Outlook 2015.
The country assessments are the sole responsibility of the EEA member and cooperating countries supported by the EEA through guidance, translation and editing.
We use cookies to record some preference settings and to analyse how visitors use our web site. Under the Kyoto Protocol, these countries agreed to limit or reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
The Climate Change Department within the Ministry of Water and Environment serves as secretariat of the DNA.
Adoption of new, efficient technologies and renewable energies like solar, or changing to energy efficient management practices, can contribute to reducing and preventing harmful emissions. This is especially in sectors where high transaction costs limit potential to mitigate climate change. As a routine part of our stewardship mission, we are doing what we can in our own offices, visitor centers, vehicles, and vessels.
Every site recycles, and nearly every site uses energy efficient lighting; over half the sites utilize an alternative energy source, have energy efficient windows on their facilities, have building envelopes that help maintain climate control, allow teleworking, provide support facilities for employees to bike, and recycle their graywater. As the economy becomes more service-based the energy consumption share in industry is decreasing, however, consumption in the transport and service sectors has increased against the 1990 levels. Total energy intensity is now 3 % below 1990 levels, at 185 toe per EUR million, but still above the EU-15 level. Hydropower has an important share but is dependent on the regularity of the hydrological production index, which in Portugal has been below the 1997 base values for several years. This implies that the growing electricity demand is being supplied by more renewable energy, thus maintaining the same levels. In Portugal, modal share has steadily grown in favour of private vehicle ownership, while public road and rail transport shares have decreased.


Although the introduction of new automobile technologies and taxes had helped to reduce acidic and ozone precursor substances, Portugal still has to decouple total energy consumption in this sector from GHG emissions. The EEA is an official agency of the EU, tasked with providing information on Europe's environment. With new market-based mechanisms introduced, emission reductions have been certified and traded between projects and countries since. Uganda has currently adopted a national climate change policy, but still faces numerous barriers in the fight against climate change.
Several projects can therefore work together under one joint umbrella and thus reduce financial and managerial burdens that arise in the registration process. Several of these structures have received Department of Energy awards and high ratings from the U.S.
Forty percent or more of the sites have conducted energy audits, provide public transportation subsidies, and offer or facilitate carpooling. Natural gas and electricity are gaining some ground but the energy mix is likely to hold over the next few years. Given that the country has faced several years of drought recently, renewable sources other than hydropower have also gained some ground.
This is due to real estate development and increasing urban sprawl which, in turn, has stimulated the acquisition of private vehicles.
This has not only led to increased emission reduction activities at national and regional scale, but also incentivised private sector participation.
These include difficulty in up-scaling projects to larger sectoral and national approaches that strengthen a sustainable, green development path for the country.
The development of standardized baselines further prompts this idea by providing open source data to any project interested in participating in CDM. Consequently there has been intensive private sector involvement towards climate change mitigation.
Other major 2 Feb 2007 … The problems being faced these days due to extensive use of non-renewable Do we have a problem(s) in distinguishing non-renewable and renewable A nonrenewable energy source is a natural energy source in limited supply.
These facilities contain exhibits to demonstrate energy and water saving practices to the public and local communities.
The technical support and capacity building that was provided to Carbon Foundation for East Africa further generated local CDM expertise, and resulted in development of new CDM activities and emergence of new project developers.



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