You were looking for a creative name for your new kitty, inspiration hit after watching Twilight for the hundredth time and you named your fuzzy little friend Bella… Apparently you were not the only one!
If you are looking for fish types or the names of fish types, this is unfortunately not what you are looking for. We know that our readers are among the most curious of the web, and this is the reason why we gathered 34 unusual maps that will help you understand the world around you. For example do you know which country has the female population with the largest breasts, which sport is the most popular in each country or that there are only 22 countries that Britain has never tried to invade?
Jerusalem, by virtue of the number and diversity of people who have held it sacred, may be considered the most holy city in the world. The earliest traces of human settlement in the Jerusalem area are from the late Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age (3000 BC). The date of the Arc's disappearance and its subsequent whereabouts - long a mystery to archaeologists, historians and biblical scholars - have recently been discussed by the British researcher Graham Hancock. Writing in his book Lost Secrets of the Sacred Ark, author Laurence Gardner disagrees with Hancock's assertions, and states that the Axumite Ark "Called a manbara tabot, is actually a casket which contains a venerated altar slab known as a tabot. Other sources researched by Laurence Gardner indicate that the Arc of the Covenant had been hidden beneath Solomon's Temple at the time of King Josiah (597 BC) so as not to be seized by Nebuchadnezzar and the Babylonians. Over the next five centuries Jerusalem was captured by Alexander the Great, controlled by Hellenistic, Egyptian, and Seleucid empires as well as experiencing occasional periods of Jewish freedom. The conversion to Christianity of the Byzantine Emperor Constantine (306-337) and the pilgrimage of his mother, Empress Helena, to Jerusalem in 326 inaugurated one of the city's most peaceful and prosperous epochs.
Foremost among these Christian shrines was the Church of the Holy Sepulchre which marked the site of the Resurrection and which soon became the supremely sacred place in all of Christendom.
Following a brief period of Persian rule, Jerusalem was captured in 638, six years after the death of Muhammad, by the Muslim Caliph Umar. Yet there was another reason for the Muslim veneration of this particular site, one more important than the political expediency of usurping another religion's holy place. At this hallowed site, known in Arabic as Haram al Sharif, the 9th Caliph, Abd al-Malik, built the great Dome of the Rock between 687 and 691.
The Dome of the Rock, while certainly one of the world's great architectural masterpieces, is often incorrectly understood to be an Islamic creation. The holy rock of Sakhrah in Jerusalem was for a few years the primary sacred site of Islam. The Muslims in power before and during the Dome's construction period had tolerated Christianity and Judaism, allowing pilgrims of both religions to freely visit the Holy City. The entire area of the Old City of Jerusalem has been charged since antiquity with the powerful energy of holiness, devotion and spiritual love. Besides the sites discussed above, the following places are also much visited by pilgrims in the Holy City. In both the Biblical and rabbinic texts dealing with the period of the Second Temple, pilgrimage to Jerusalem is presented as a commandment incumbent on all Israelite men. The Holy of Holies is the most sacred place in the sanctuary, and later the Temple, which only the priest was permitted to enter. In the Temple of Jerusalem, constructed in the 10th century BCE by King Solomon, the outermost area was the vestibule (ulam). The Arc of the Covenant and two Cherubim (winged celestial beings) were housed in this innermost room (I Kings 6:19, 23-28). Only on the Day of Atonement, when he was required to atone for the sins of the entire nation, did the High Priest enter the Holy of Holies. Media captionTim Allman reports on the hacking allegations surrounding private photos of several celebrities, including actress Jennifer Lawrence.
The FBI is looking into allegations that intimate pictures of celebrities have been stolen and posted online.About 20 personalities, including the US actress Jennifer Lawrence, have had images of themselves leaked over the Internet. A spokeswoman for the actress said the internet posts were "a flagrant violation of privacy".
Donald Trump says if elected US president he would be willing to meet North Korea's leader face-to-face to discuss its nuclear programme. Loads of fun unique pet names categorized for easy browsing, along with some great tips and advice for naming your pet.
However if you want to find some fun fish names – as in creative fun names to give your swimming friends, this is the place for you! Republic Ecuador Guatemala Haiti Honduras Mexico Nicaragua Paraguay Peru United States Venezuela AsiaAfghanistan Bali Burma Cambodia China India Indonesia Japan Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Laos Mongolia Nepal Pakistan Philippines South Korea Sri Lanka Taiwan Thailand Tibet Turkmenistan Uzbekistan Vietnam EuropeAndorra Armenia Austria Belgium Bosnia Bulgaria Croatia Czech Rep. To the Jewish people it is Ir Ha-Kodesh (the Holy City), the Biblical Zion, the City of David, the site of Solomon's Temple, and the eternal capital of the Israelite nation. Excavations have shown that a town existed on the south side of Mount Moriah, also called Temple Mount. King David had planned to build the Temple at the exact place where he had experienced a revelatory vision of angels ascending a golden ladder into the sky.
In his richly detailed book, The Sign and the Seal, Hancock presents evidence that the Arc was removed by Jewish priests from Solomon's temple during the rule of the apostate King Manasseh (687-642 BC).
The reality is that, although the Axum chest might be of some particular cultural significance in the region, there are manbara tabotat (plural of tabot) in churches across the breadth of Ethiopia.
In his Mishneh Torah of 1180, the Spanish philosopher Moses Maimondes told that Solomon had constructed a special hiding place for the Arc in tunnels deep beneath the temple. In 64 BC, the Roman general Pompey captured Jerusalem, ushering in several centuries of Roman rule.
According to Christian legends, Empress Helena discovered the relics of the 'True Cross of the Crucifixion' at the place of the Resurrection upon Mt. Finished in 335 AD, the great basilica was apparently built upon the foundations of an earlier Roman shrine dedicated to the goddess Aphrodite.
Soon after his occupation of the city, Umar cleansed the Temple Mount, built a small mosque and dedicated the site to Muslim worship.
A certain passage in the Koran links the Prophet Muhammad with Jerusalem and the Temple Mount. Besides its association with the `Night Journey' of Muhammad, Jerusalem was also chosen as the site of this first great work of Islamic architecture for political reasons.
When Muhammad had fled to Medina (the second sacred city of Islam) he told his followers to make Jerusalem the kiblah, as was the Jewish tradition. This era of peaceful coexistence ended in 969 however, when control of the city passed to the Fatimid caliphs of Egypt (a radical and somewhat intolerant Shiite sect) who systematically destroyed all synagogues and churches. Over more than three millennia the control of the city's primary sacred places has shifted frequently between the religions of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. For the Jews, the most venerable locations are Mt Zion, the traditional site of King David's tomb, and the Western Wall, where stands the only remaining part of the original temple of King Solomon.


He prepared for this moment by separating from his family a week in advance and remaining inside the Temple.
Such aliyah le-regal pilgrimages took place in both biblical and Second Temple times and were a significant feature of national cultural life. 16:16) are Passover (seven days in the Land of Israel beginning on 15 Nisan), Shavu'ot (one day in Israel, 6 Sivan), and Sukkot (eight days including Shemini Atseret, beginning on 15 Tishri).
Among Jews in Muslim lands, the hillula generally commemorates the death of a sage, whose soul is regarded as having been reunited with its Creator. Outside Israel, one of the largest hillulot is the Lag ba-Omer celebration in the courtyard of the El-Ghriba synagogue in Djerba, Tunisia.
It is understood some of the images were obtained from services such as Apple iCloud that back up content from devices on to the internet.Apple says it is investigating whether iCloud accounts have been hacked. Just for fun, we also included some great pet jokes and some helpful tips for choosing the right kind of pet for your family. Finland France Georgia Germany Greece Ireland Italy Latvia Lithuania Malta Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Russia Scotland Slovenia Switzerland Spain U.K. To Christians it is where the young Jesus impressed the sages at the Jewish Temple, where he spent the last days of his ministry, and where the Last Supper, the Crucifixion and the Resurrection took place. The name of this town was Urusalim, a word probably of Semitic origin that apparently means 'Foundation of Shalem' or 'Foundation of God'.
An ancient Semitic tradition stated that the bare rock atop the mount was held in the mouth of the serpent Tahum, and that this place was the intersection of the underworld and the upper world. This site, the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite was originally sacred to the harvest deity known as Tammuz (another name for the deity Adonis). The Arc was then hidden for two hundred years in a Jewish temple on the Egyptian sacred island of Elephantine in the Nile. The prophet Jeremiah, son of Hilkiah who became the High Priest of Jerusalem, was the captain of Hilkiah's Temple Guard. During this period Herod the Great (ruled 37-4 BC) rebuilt and enlarged the Second Temple and created the famous Western Wall (also called the Wailing Wall) as part of the supporting structure for the enlarged Temple Mount.
It was during this splendid era of church construction that the tradition of Christian pilgrimages to Jerusalem began. The most imposing structure the Muslims found in Jerusalem was the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. For a brief period between 680 and 692 Mecca had become the capital of a rival caliphate established by Abd Allah ibn Zubayr who controlled most of Arabia and Iraq. Following a quarrel with the Jews in Medina, Muhammad received a revelation from Allah (Sura 2:45) that directed him to reorient the direction of the kiblah from Jerusalem to Mecca, where it has since remained. In 1071 the Seljuk Turks defeated the Byzantines, displaced the Egyptians as masters of the Holy Land, and closed the long established pilgrimage routes.
It must be understood however, that the energy or presence of the sacred is not monopolized by any of these faiths but rather gives rise to each of them. Devout Christian pilgrims will visit the fourteen stations of the Via Dolorosa, or 'Way of Sorrows'. Behind it, in the rear of the Temple building, was the Holy of Holies (devir), which measured 20 by 20 by 20 cubits. Subsequent reconstruction of the building and precincts, half a century later, by those who returned from exile in Babylonia, followed the plan and measurements of Solomon's Temple. He purified himself physically and spiritually and reviewed all the laws pertaining to his service. During the Second Temple period, pilgrims came from the Diaspora as well as from Erets Israel.
The classic instance of the hillula is that marking the traditional anniversary of the death of Rabbi Simon Bar Yohai on Lag ba-Omer, which is celebrated at his putative burial place and that of his son Eleazar in Meron, in northern Israel. Hamadan in Persia is the site of the traditional graves of Esther and Mordecai of the Purim narrative, and the Jews of Babylonia revered the grave of Ezra located at Shatt-el-Arab, near the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates.
Ms Lawrence, who stars in The Hunger Games films, has requested an investigation after a hacker apparently obtained photographs, with graphic content, from the mobile phones of numerous celebrities. Also greatly venerated by the Muslims, it is where the prophet Muhammad ascended to heaven. On the frontier of Benjamin and Judah, the town was inhabited by a mixed population known as Jebusites. It was also considered to be the site where Abraham had built an altar on which he prepared to sacrifice his son Isaac. Next it was taken to Ethiopia, to the island of Tana Kirkos in Lake Tana, where it remained for over 800 years until being brought to the city of Axum, capital of the Axumite kingdom. Prior to Nebuchadnezzar's invasion, Hilkiah instructed Jeremiah to have his men secrete the Arc of the Covenant, along with other sacred treasures, in the vaults beneath the Temple. In 6AD the Romans turned the governance of Jerusalem over to a series of administrators known as procurators, the fifth of whom, Pontius Pilate, ordered the execution of Jesus. Scholars however, believe this so-called 'finding' of the relics to be a story fabricated for political reasons by Constantine and his mother, and that the cross relics were most probably manufactured, as were so many other relics during early and medieval Christian times.
Nearby the Arab conquerors undertook to build a more spectacular edifice, the Dome of the Rock, not only to proclaim the supremacy of Islam, but also to ensure that the new followers of Islam would not be tempted by Christianity. According to tradition, Muhammad's mystic night journey was in the company of the Archangel Gabriel, and they rode on a winged steed called El Burak (meaning `lightning'), which according to Islamic Hadith tradition was a winged, horse-like creature that was "smaller than a mule, but larger than a donkey." Stopping briefly at Mt. Following the retreat of the Umayyad army from its siege of Mecca the construction of the Dome was undertaken in order to discourage pilgrimages to Mecca. The prohibition of Christian pilgrimage by these less tolerant Muslim rulers angered Western Europe and became a contributing cause of the Crusades, a series of invasions that culminated in the capture of Jerusalem in 1099.
And this sacred presence, besides knowing no limitations of dogma, philosophy or politics, has the wonderful quality of accumulating, or increasing in intensity, over time. Walking this route, the holiest Christian thoroughfare in the world, the pilgrim symbolically relives the events of Jesus' passion. Although the festivals were originally tied the agricultural cycle, by the time of the editorial present of the text, they were also given historical associations. On the Day of Atonement, as part of a day of fasting, offering sacrifices, and confession of sins, the High Priest entered the Holy of Holies.
Passover is the "festival of spring," in which a measure of the new barley crop (the Omer) is brought, and it also celebrates the Exodus from Egypt.
Crowds as large as 100,000 people attend the festivities and large bon fires are lit and burn throughout the night.
While highly charged with intense religious devotion and visited by countless pilgrims and sages, Jerusalem has also been ravaged by thirty centuries of warfare and strife. About 1000 BC, Urusalim was captured by David, founder of the joint kingdom of Israel and Judah, and became the Jewish kingdom's capital.


At this same site, the patriarch Jacob gathered stone from the altar upon which his father Isaac was to be sacrificed, and using this stone as a pillow spent the night sleeping upon the rock.
When that kingdom was converted to Christianity after 331 AD, the Arc of the Covenant was placed in a church of St. More than 1700 years later a group of nine Frenchmen known as the original Knights Templars spent the years from 1118 to 1127 excavating beneath the El-Aqsa mosque on the site of the old Temple of Jerusalem. During the next two centuries the Jews twice revolted against their Roman oppressors, the city of Jerusalem suffered greatly and the Second Temple was demolished in 70 AD. Whatever the case, Helena's pilgrimage and Constantine's royal support made possible the building of many Christian shrines in the city. The Christian glorification of Jerusalem was carried on until 614 AD when the Persians invaded the city, massacred the inhabitants, and destroyed many of the churches and monasteries. The site chosen was the very same rock where previously had stood the Jupiter temple of the Romans and before that, the two temples of the Jews. Sinai and Bethlehem, they finally alighted at Temple Mount in Jerusalem, and there encountered Abraham, Moses, Jesus and other prophets, whom Muhammad led in prayers.
Often incorrectly called the Mosque of Umar, the Dome of the Rock, known in Arabic as Qubbat As-Sakhrah, is not a mosque for public worship but rather a mashhad, a shrine for pilgrims. The Christian Kingdom lasted almost 90 years, during which time the Dome of the Rock was converted to a Christian shrine and named Templum Domini (meaning Temple of the Lord), the Church of the Holy Sepulchre was rebuilt, and hospices and monasteries were founded.
Additionally, there are the shrine of the Ascension on the summit of the Mount of Olives, the garden of Gethsemane, and Mt. He placed two hand fulls of incense on a pan of burning coals, and as the smoke filled the chamber, the Divine Presence was revealed and the nation of Israel forgiven its sins.
Shavu'ot is the "harvest festival" celebrating the end of the barley harvest and the beginning of the wheat harvest, as well as the giving of the Torah at Mount Sinai. Another hillula is that of Meir Ba'al Ha-nes, on 14 Iyyar (Pesah Sheni; Second Passover) in Tiberias. It is a place of beauty and divinity, mystery and paradox; a sacred site which no modern spiritual seeker should fail to experience. In the earlier wandering years of the Israelites, their most sacred object, the Ark of the Covenant, was periodically moved about among several sanctuaries, but following David's capture of Urusalim, the Ark was moved to that city around 955 BC. Upon waking from a stunning visionary dream, Jacob anointed the stone pillow with oil he had received from heaven and the stone then sank deep into the earth, to become the foundation stone of the great temple that would later be built by Solomon. Soon after the Temple 's construction, Nebuchadrezzar II of Babylon forced the Jews into exile, removed their temple treasures in 604 BC and 597 BC, and finally completely destroyed the temple in 586 BC. They retrieved, in addition to a vast wealth of gold bullion and hidden treasures, the true Arc of the Covenant. In the year 135 AD, the Roman Emperor Hadrian began construction of a new city, called Aelia Capitolina, upon the ruins of old Jerusalem. Gabriel then escorted Muhammad to the pinnacle of the rock, which the Arabs call as-Sakhra, where a ladder of golden light materialized. The city was recaptured by the Muslims again in 1187, was ruled by the Mamlukes from the 13th to 15th centuries (except for the brief periods of Christian control in 1229-1239 and 1240-1244) and the Turks until the 19th century. Moriah was first a Jebusite place of worship, then the site of the Jewish Temples, next the sanctuary of the Roman god Jupiter, later capped by the Muslim's Dome of the Rock, next taken over by the Christians, and still later a Muslim shrine again.
Now, sacrifice was impossible and mourning was a significant part of the stay in Jerusalem. Sukkot is "the festival of the ingathering" of crops, and it also commemorates the 40 years the Israelites wandered in the desert. In recent years the grave of Israel Abu-Hatsira ("Babi Sali") in Netivot has become the site of a pilgrimage by the Jews of North African origin on the anniversary of his death, on 3 Shevat. The Ark was a portable shrine containing the two stone Tablets of the Law that the prophet Moses had received upon Mt. While the existence and exact location of this Arc are not currently known, the Templars soon became one of the most powerful religious and political institutions in medieval Europe.
Upon the site of the destroyed Jewish temple, Hadrian built a temple to the god Jove (the Greek Jupiter), but this temple was itself demolished by the Byzantines after the empire became Christian. On this glittering shaft, Muhammad ascended through the seven heavens into the presence of Allah, from whom he received instructions for himself and his followers. Designed by Byzantine architects engaged by the Caliph, the Dome of the Rock was the greatest monumental building in early Islamic history and remains today one of the most sublime examples of artistic genius that humanity has ever produced (the Great Mosque of Damascus, being a true mosque, is the earliest surviving monumental mosque). The Jews, who had been barred by the Christian crusaders, returned from the 13th century onward, by the middle of the 19th century nearly half the city's population was Jewish, and in 1980 Jerusalem was officially made the capital of Israel.
This same continuity of sacred use also occurred at the site of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre which, prior to its Christian use, was the location of a temple of Aphrodite.
In the Dome of the Rock, beneath the ancient sacred stone, is a cave-like crypt known as Bir el- Arweh, the Well of Souls. Pilgrims, upon seeing the site of the destroyed Temple, would tear their garments and recite, "Our holy Temple, our pride, where our fathers praised You, has been consumed by fire and all that was dear to us ruined." Throughout the ages, pilgrimage to Jerusalem in one form or another, never ceased entirely, although Jewish access to holy places was subject to various restrictions and harassment at different times. Other pilgrimage sites include the Cave of Machpelah, a large Herodian structure located at Hebron, believed to house the burial cave of Abraham (Gen.
Following his divine meeting, Muhammad was flown back to Mecca by Gabriel and the winged horse, arriving there before dawn.
The dome is 20 meters high, 10 meters in diameter, and its supporting structure, made of lead, was originally covered in pure gold (the real gold was removed over the centuries and the dome is now made of anodized aluminum).
We may thus speak about these two sites, and the many other pilgrimage destinations in Jerusalem, as containers of the accumulated spirit of holiness.
Here, according to ancient folklore (not Islamic), the voices of the dead may sometimes be heard along with the sounds of the rivers of paradise. All three celebrations were thus associated to the events surrounding the acceptance of the covenant by Israel, and thus its birth as a nation apart. Since the halakhah (the branch of rabbinic literature which deals with the religious obligations of members of the Jewish faith) did not permit entry to the actual Temple site, the section known today as the Western Wall, north of the western retaining wall of the Temple Mount constructed during the time of Herod, eventually became the focus of pilgrimage and worship in Jerusalem (the term Wailing Wall was given by non-Jews to the Western Wall when they saw how the Jews who came there wept). This temple however, did not enshrine the Ark of the Covenant as that sacred object had disappeared sometime before the plundering by Nebuchadrezzar. The sacred foundation stone is encircled by sixteen arches that formerly came from different churches in Jerusalem, which were destroyed during the Persian occupation of the city in 614 AD. That spiritual energy has been enriched over thirty centuries, like fine wine in a wooden cask, and it radiates today throughout the city of Old Jerusalem with a magnificent power.
Mythologically and ritually the three festivals should be seen as yearly restating and reaccepting the covenantal relationship with God.



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