This timeline was created for the Museum of The San Fernando ValIey and pulls from resources like Calisphere, the Library of Congress, CSUN, personal blogs and a diverse set of publications. Special thanks to Tiffany Do for her research and interest in creating the timeline, and Hillary Jenks and Alexis Moreno for their help in writing the entries. 50,000 a€“ 15,000 BC People of northeast Asia follow herds of caribou, bison & mammoth and migrate across the present day Bering Strait. 1542 Juan Cabrillo claims Southern California territory for the Spanish kingdom, beginning over three and half centuries of occupation.
1822A  Spanish rule in California becomes Mexican rule with the rise of the Republic of Mexico and the country's successful War for Independence from Spain.
1833 The Mexican government secularizes the missions, making them public property and allows for land to be distributed to Indian neophytes and Mexican soldiers as payment for service in the military.
1843 Manuel Micheltorena, governor of southern California, decrees the restoration of southern missions to church control.
1846 Governor Pio Pico sells most of the San Fernando Valley land to Eulogio de Celis before the Mexican War. 1846 - 1848 The Mexican American War results in California becoming part of the United States, along with more than half of former Mexican land. 1847 Agreement of peace (Cahuenga Capitulation) between Fremont and Pico gives Americans control of California in the war.
1849 The gold rush in Northern California draws people, and the Valley is cow country full of ranchos that feed them. 1850 California joins the United States; Los Angeles County (which includes the San Fernando Valley) initially comprises 4,340 square miles and the first United States Census measures its population at 3,530.
1851 Alexander Bell and David Alexander become the first American landowners in the Valley after Vicente de Osa sells Rancho Providencia.
1854 Rancho Ex-Mission de San Fernando falls into hands of Andres Pico who becomes known for his hospitality and entertainment. 1855 A new road allows lines of stages, trains of wagons and pack mules to travel to Kern River gold fields.
1860 Geronimo Lopez’s adobe home becomes known as the Lopez Station for housing the stagehouse for the Valley. 1880 San Fernando Farm Homestead Association officially distributes property to stockholders. 1887 A real estate boom partitions up the Valley, beginning with the Lankershim Ranch Land and Water Company, which buys land from the Los Angeles Farm and Milling Company. 1897 Squatters of the Land Settlers league attempt to squat in the San Fernando Valley under the belief that it is public land for settlement.
1907 Los Angeles approves a 23 million dollar bond issue for aqueduct construction from Owens Valley.
In 1915, the city of Los Angeles annexes the San Fernando ValleyA  - a crucial development as this enables the Valley to gain access to the water coming from Owens Valley from the Los Angeles Aqueduct (completed two years earlier under the direction of William Mulholland). 1916 Due to the influx of water provided by the LA Aqueduct, Valley residents begin growing oranges. 1918 The Valley reports record crops including 55,000,000 pounds of beans, and a variety of fruits and vegetables including apricots, citrus, peaches, potatoes, and sugar beets.
1926 The town of Sherman Oaks and the street Sherman Way bear legacy to pioneer of the San Fernando Valley General Moses Hazeltine Sherman. 1931 Residents protest changing the name of Cahuenga to Highland because of the uniqueness of the name Cahuenga.
1941- May 29 Disney Studio animators strike Disney due to Walt Disney's inconsistent monetary rewards for better workers. 1941 When the United States joins World War II, the Valley changes from a place of agriculture to manufacturing as part of the war effort and defense institutions like Lockheed. 1941 Old Trapper’s Lodge Motel with giant trapper sculptures is built as an attraction. 1945 Despite the wartime ban against strikes, set designers from the Conference of Studio Unions strike against Warner Brothers film studio for 30 weeks. 1956 The San Fernando Valley Campus of the Los Angeles State College of Applied Arts and Sciences (CSUN) opens.
1959 Valley leaders and parents protest the increase in mailed pornography in the community. 1966 A coalition of property owning and tax paying associations come together to create a mass group to protest hikes on property taxes. Between 1967 and 1971 there are six massive demonstrations at San Fernando Valley State College (now known as California State University Northridge) against the lack of representation or curricula related to ethnic studies and the war in Vietnam. 1971 The Sylmar Tunnel Disaster strikes when Lockheed Shipbuilding and Construction Company tunnels to bring water from the Feather River to the Los Angeles basin.
1979A  Valley residents march against Rocketdyne’s Canoga Park facility on the anniversary of Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings to protest the dangerous activities of operations involving nuclear energy. 1991 Motorist Rodney King is pulled over on Foothill Boulevard in Lake View Terrace where 15 LAPD officers in patrol cars converged on him.
1992 The Rodney King trial takes place in Simi Valley with a jury of ten whites, one Latino, and one Asian.
1994 a€“ 57 people lose their lives in the wake of the 6.7 magnitude Northridge Earthquake. 1996 Unrest occurs at California State University Northridge when Ku Klux Klan leader David Duke speaks on campus. As human populations grew and migrated cultures began to interact with one another adding new ideas and new stories from those encounters. Growth drove all aspects of cultural development, including technology and soon written language developed. Once a story is written and prei??served it transcends the historical context of the culture that produced it and is reshaped to produce new stories.


Thus begins the story of a man who travels to the underworld, spurns the offer of a Goddess and learns that what he wanted to discover, how to live forever, wasna€™t really that valuable. The Aeneid is an epic poem,written in twelve volumes, composed by Virgil between 30 and 19 BCE. Cortes, like Hesoid, Ovid and other writers of myth controlled the mytha€™s meaning by transcribing it.
In this case the cultures of Europe, specifically the Spanish, were looking for justification in conquering a new land by exploiting and slaughtering its people in the name of their God and country. This exchange and the subsequent elevation of the myth of Quetzalcoatl to become the truth is a perfect example of a culturea€™s historical context shaping myth.
The true significance however, lies in the importance of controlling the narrative of history.
Osiris is another example of a mythical character whose story was shaped by the historical context of the culture.
They move south along ice-fee corridors into the North American continent to what is now California.
With him are two Franciscan padres, Junipero Serra and Juan Crespi, who record the expedition and found the first mission. Of the missions’ eight million acres originally designated as the property of converted Native Americans, 500 land grants are created for influential families.
Though the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo formally ends the war, it becomes an issue of contention when existing Californio rights are not honored as promised, and the Treaty is breached.
The treaty takes place at the house of Don Feliz (Campo de Cahuenga) near the Cahuenga Pass. His adobe house eventually becomes state historical monument: Los Encinos State Historical Park.
This pamphlet extolls the benefits of living in Southern California in order to be healed of many diseases like tuberculosis. Los Angeles Farm and Milling Company, the successor to the Homestead Association, promotes wheat and flour-milling industry. Going back to Native American terms, the word Cahuenga reflects the Native American origins of the San Fernando Valley.
Phyllis O’Kray from the crash of a jet plane, Valley residents picket Lockheed Aircraft Corporation in Van Nuys to abolish the use of the San Fernando Valley for jet flying.
This will be the third institution of higher education founded in the Valley; in 1947 Pierce College is founded and in 1949 Valley College opens. Murrow televises the Sodium Reactor Experiment from the Santa Susana Research Facility on his program as it powered Moorpark. Although safety inspector Wally Zavattero discovers hazardous conditions and orders precautions taken, they are ignored, leading to an explosion that killed 17 people. Protesting for equality, the senior citizens gather at the Van Nuys-Sherman Oaks Recreation Center to band together.
A local resident videotapes the beating, which becomes a national discussion on police brutality. With twenty billion dollars in damage, it is one of the costliest natural disasters in United States history. If the 300 square mile area that is the Valley were a single city, it would be the 5th largest in the nation. In order to better understand a moment in time, it is necessary to consider those things which surround that moment and give it meaning. Eventually, families turned into tribes that became villages the beginning of the process of humans evolving into larger and larger political and social groups. The storytellers gave way to the writers who recorded and shaped the stories within the context of their moment in time. As reported by Arthur Cotterell and Rachel Storm, Gilgamesh is believed to be based upon a real person.
The story that began as that of a King, over time was shaped by historical context, allowing Gilgamesh to reach mythical status.
Osiris had many roles in the Egyptian pantheon of Gods he was part of the Egyptian fertility myth, died and was reborn in connection with the annual rise of the Nile and consequent rebirth of Egypt.
The myth is shaped in this translation by Virgil who was commissioned by the first Roman Emperor, Augustus, in the year 26 BCE to create a myth for the Roman Empire.
As Ross Frank explains in the Codex Cortes, a€?The reduction of Cortes' action into formal literary structures and conventions accompanies his act of transcribing experience into text, and in doing so seeks to control its meaning.a€? (p. In this case the historical context was provided by Spain for a mythical character produced by natives in America.
In order to better understand a moment in time, it is necessary to consider those things which surround thatA  moment and give it meaning. Eventually, families turned into tribes that became villages the beginning of the process of humans evolving into larger and larger political and social groups.A  Meanwhile, stories followed as troubadours moved from group to group spreading unity to the growing population and shaping myths to meet the changing needs of the cultures they entertained.
As reported by Arthur Cotterell and Rachel Storm, Gilgamesh is believed to be based upon a real person.A  He was probably a Sumerian King from Uruk in Babylon living about 2700 BCE.
This myth was shaped by Hernan Cortes in 1519.A  In his Second Letter from Mexico, he wrote of the Aztec god in such a way that succeeding priests, explorers and social critics continued to shape and change the story to one which today is accepted as justification for the conquest of Mexico. The Sacred Expedition is a religious & military project of missionization and colonization on behalf of Spain. Using Native American workers to not only construct the mission but also work it, the mission quickly becomes one of the most prosperous in California, producing abundant harvests and goods.
Unknown to his readers, Nordhoff is paid by the Southern Pacific Railroad to praise the curative nature of the region’s climate.
The dam is approximately 200 feet high in San Francisquito Canyon, about 5 miles northeast of what is now Magic Mountain. Photographs at right by Dorothea Lange of the San Fernando Valley in 1936, care of the Library of Congress.


Producers pelt metal nuts and bolts from the roof and police hose workers and throw tear gas.
In July the Sodium Reactor Experiment suffers a partial meltdown; its estimated release is 240 times that of 3 Mile Island. Until now, there has been no one museum or institution to document, preserve, and celebrate the full scope of the collective history, culture, and arts of such an important place until the 2005 incorporation of The Museum of the San Fernando Valley. The Hornets are re-branding their team next year and will become the New Orleans Pelicans sending the Hornets NBA franchise brand name into retirement.
There are many myths viewed through the lens of political, social, and economic settings of a specific culture. Text preserved the oral tradition, so that many generations have had an opportunity to interpret the world through the stories they recorded.
He projected the desires of the Sumerian culture for many generations explaining love, death and other important ideas that could not be explained any other way at that time. Once a myth is transferred into the written word, it is available to anyone who can read it. 187).A  Frank further explains that the belief that the Emperor Montezuma was waiting for conquest because of the Quetzalcoatl legend has been widely accepted by historians.
The mix of agrarian and industrial life at this early stage in the Valley’s history sets a precedent for the future economy of the Valley as a pastoral region with some areas of industry.
But the taking of this water destroys the environment and the economy of the Owens Valley, once a beautiful valley known for its migrating birds and diverse, self-sustaining ecosystems. The dam fails upon its first full filling on March 12, killing 450 people in the San Francisquito and Santa Clara River valleys. Throughout history the mythic products of a specific culture are used produce myths to suit the needs of another culture. Gilgamesh, Osiris, Aeneid, and Quetzalcoatl are some of the many stories reaching us from the past shaped by historical context. This is because a€?a reader can give any matter within the text significance of its own and in the process interpret it in a manner relevant to the present.a€? (p.
Hingle-USA TODAY Sports When the New Orleans Hornets decided to change their nickname to the Pelicans, the excitement instantly began to build that the Hornets nickname could make it’s way back to Charlotte. This on-going process of cultural and mythic development uses shared stories to create unity and explain those things which have no rational explanation. Aeneas becomes Aeneid and another mythic figure is shaped by the historical context of both the Greek and Roman worlds, passed down to us in the written word, it continues to shape and be shaped today.
188)A  This is the importance of this myth in understanding how historical context shapes myth. Senator Maclay goes to the County Recorder in Los Angeles and creates the City of San Fernando (township) through a map of development plans. This bloody event leads to the passage of the 1947 Taft Hartley Act, which severely restricts workers’ abilities to strike and the power of unions. Additional fuel-element handling accidents occurred during the recovery process that resulted in radiological releases to the environment and surrounding communities. Richard Hooker on the Washington State University website tells that the earliestA  stories of Gilgamesh were written in the Sumerian language, Akkadian, using cuneiform script on twelve clay tablets by Shin-Equi-Unninni, who is one of the earliest known writer of a mythic story. The writer of history controls the narrative, giving others who read his text the opportunity to make their own meanings and further shape the myth to meet the needs of the culture. According to Will Brinson of CBS Sports, the Charlotte Bobcats have begun the process to change the nickname back to the Hornets.
Like our ancestors, we too create stories to explain things that are not easily understood. Not only is myth shaped the historical context of the culture that produces the myth, it continues to be shaped by the historical context of the cultures that reproduce the myths to serve their needs. Myths develop from a human need to understand how things work and are shaped by the way things are.
It was also preserved in Hurrian and Hittite languages giving those cultures access to the myth in order to shape it for their cultures.A  The tablets were recovered from the library of Ashubanipal, king of Assyria from 669-633 BCE in the ruins of Nineveh.
If and when the name change comes through, it will be welcomed all around the league. Bobcats chairman and owner Michael Jordan has said the team has had inner discussions about changing the name back to the Hornets, but it would take some time. Upon hearing the verdict, hundreds of Los Angelenos begin a protest that turns into a a€?livea€? televised six-day riot where 53 people die and the total cost of damages equals $1,000,000,000.
The mix of agrarian and industrial life at this early stage in the Valleya€™s history sets a precedent for the future economy of the Valley as a pastoral region with some areas of industry. Unknown to his readers, Nordhoff is paid by the Southern Pacific Railroad to praise the curative nature of the regiona€™s climate.
Many singers record Jenkinsa€™ song including Bing Crosby (whose version hits #1 on Billboard Magazinea€™s chart in 1944) and the King Sisters; the publicity helps build a population explosion. The Westerns a€?Bells of San Fernandoa€? and the Western a€?San Fernando Valleya€? are released. Phyllis Oa€™Kray from the crash of a jet plane, Valley residents picket Lockheed Aircraft Corporation in Van Nuys to abolish the use of the San Fernando Valley for jet flying. Welcome to a Timeline of the San Fernando Valley This timeline was created for the Museum of the San Fernando ValIey and pulls from resources like Calisphere, the Library of Congress, CSUN, personal blogs and a diverse set of publications. Until now, there has been no one museum or institution to document, preserve, and celebrate the full scope of the collective history, culture, and arts of such an important place until the 2005 incorporation of The Museum of the San Fernando Valley.This timeline was created for the Museum of The San Fernando ValIey and pulls from resources like Calisphere, the Library of Congress, CSUN, personal blogs and a diverse set of publications.



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