Dai Ailian (1916-2006), the Trinidad-born Chinese ballerina who devoted her life to Chinese dance and was dubbed the "mother of Chinese dance", was remembered at Beijing's Tianqiao Theater last week with a gala staged by the National Ballet of China and the Beijing Dance Academy. Dancers from the National Ballet of China perform Giselle, adapted by Dai Ailian, which was staged at Beijing's Tianqiao Theater last week to commemorate Dai.
Feng, who was trained by Dai, was speaking at a memorial forum held at the Great Hall of the People on Thursday. According to Feng, Dai then brought in a number of top international dancers, such as Nureyev and Margot Fonteyn, to teach in China and tried her best to promote Chinese dancers to the world.
Feng Shuangbai, chairman of the Chinese Dancers' Association, says she always impressed people with her sweet smile and narrowed eyes. Dai, who died in 2006 at the age of 90, was born into a rich business family, which later fell on hard times because of her father's gambling habit. She learned ballet at 7, and at 14, her mother sent her to London to receive ballet training from Anton Dolin, Dame Marie Rambert, Rudolf Laban and Mary Wigman. After Japan launched its aggression against China in 1937, Dai took part in benefit performances organized by the China Campaign Committee in London to raise funds for the Hong Kong-based China Defence League, headed by Soong Ching Ling, the wife of Sun Yat-sen.
With the help of Soong, Dai arrived in Hong Kong in 1940 and soon fell in love with noted painter Ye Qianyu (1907-95).
Feng Shuangbai says that Dai's works, such as The Lotus, Flying Apsaras and Longing for Home, reflected her pioneering dance ideas, which combined her ballet and modern dance training in the West with her roots in Chinese culture. Dai often traveled around China to seek inspiration by learning the dances of ethnic groups. When Feng served as the director of the Dance Research Institute of the China Arts Academy, he invited Dai, who was then 85 years old, to give a lecture. Feng recalls that during the lecture she said that Chinese dance schools focused too much on training techniques while ignoring the importance of a dancer's emotions. Before she died, Dai also spoke to Feng about her hopes for China's dancers and the nation's future when it came to dance. Now one of China's key economic hubs, the city, which was countryside more than 30 years ago, is often seen as lacking in rich history as it is seen as an immigrants' city. So, when the 12th China International Cultural Industries Fair was held there from May 12 to 16, it was a pleasant surprise to see its intangible cultural heritage on show. The woman, who hails from Ji'an, in Jiangxi province - but now lives in Shenzhen - learned to make paper cutouts in her teens. Chinese paper cutouts were recognized by UNESCO as an Intangible Cultural Heritage in 2010, and there are many sub-genres in the country. Speaking of her work, she says: "You have to use creativity and a sense of modern design to preserve traditions, even with materials used," referring to a portrayal of Marilyn Monroe in her studio, which was cut from layers of xuanzhi, a rice paper typically used for calligraphy and Chinese paintings. Revealing how she keeps this intangible cultural heritage alive even as others struggle, she says her recipe is simple: What is produced need to be put in supermarkets rather than in museums. Describing her creations, where she explores multiple ways to use paper cutouts in daily life, like indoor decorations, she says: "The items carry the spirit of Chinese paper cutouts, and represent Chinese philosophy and aspirations. He, who has 200 apprentices working for her, says new ideas have kept coming through the years. For example, she now uses specially processed paper, which can be used to transfer designs to porcelain pieces.
When the paper cutouts are burned at high temperatures, the designs get transferred onto the ceramic piece. Meanwhile, given Shen-zhen's metropolitan character, it should come as no surprise that fading traditional crafts are being resurrected using modern industrial methods. Narrating his story, Liu Quanhui, a fifth-generation porcelain maker from Chao-zhou, in Guangdong province, who likes to call himself "an entrepreneur", says: "When I first went to Saudi Arabia for an expo in 1993, I found that Chinese porcelain, which was once considered the best in the world, was far behind our counterparts from Japan and Europe. So, as most porcelain-making in China at that time, which was represented by Jingdezhen, in Jiangxi province, focused on state-of-the-art techniques to draw patterns on porcelain pieces, Liu took another path. Justifying why he feels modern production methods are needed, he says: "When I visited Japan, I found artisans there very proud of their work, unlike Chinese studios, where things are often done in a very disorderly fashion. Nevertheless, despite his success, some professionals, who attended a training program held by the Beijing-based International Training Center for Intangible Cultural Heritage in the Asia-Pacific region under the auspices of UNESCO at the industry fair, were concerned about introducing modern manufacturing practices to improve traditional crafts. One of those who expressed reservations was Wang Chenyang, deputy director of the intangible cultural heritage department under the Ministry of Culture. Despite such views, He and Liu have followed their instincts to modernize while preserving the heritage. As He wants her paper cutouts to be accessed by more people, her company has opened DIY workshops for the public to experience them. The global cruise company Carnival Corporation & plc, expects to jointly launch a domestically owned cruise brand in the Chinese market, in cooperation with Chinese corporations.
During President Xi Jinping's visit to Britain in October, the Carnival group signed a joint-venture agreement with China State Shipbuilding Corporation and China Investment Corporation.
China National Tourism Administration data shows 120 million Chinese traveled overseas in 2015. He says the new brand will be differentiated from others: With so many outbound tourists, there is the opportunity to have various brands that resonate. Zheng Weihang, executive vice-president of the China Cruise and Yacht Industry Association, says it's a win-win situation because they all bring their own expertise and experiences to the table. According to him, the domestic cruise industry is developing quickly, and more private and State-owned corporations will join in.
The top reasons for Chinese to cruise included entertainment on board, relaxing on a ship instead of going to a crowded scenic spot, no need for train or flight transfers, and good itineraries. Repeated terror attacks in Istanbul, Ankara and other Turkish cities amid a deteriorating security situation, coupled with poor relations with Russia, have brought down the number of foreign travelers and revenues to an extent that is being felt by all in the industry.
Turkey's tourism professionals say that it is possible to meet the 1 million Chinese target as the country's unique cultural tourism, which combines the modern with the ancient, appeals to Chinese visitors.
Gurcun also says that TURSAB, or the association of Turkey's travel agencies, is determined to provide all the support needed to tourism agencies to attract more Chinese visitors in the short term.
Turkey's Mediterranean resort of Antalya, a big draw for Russians, saw their arrivals fall by 90 percent in the first three months of this year.
Moscow imposed punitive measures, including a travel ban on Ankara, soon after Turkey shot down a Russian warplane in November last year, a move that has had a major impact as Russians used to constitute Turkey's second largest source of tourists after Germany. The bombings that have hit Turkey this year and claimed more than 80 lives, among them 12 German tourists in Istanbul, have also hit tourism.
In the worst-case scenario, the loss could be as high as $12 billion, according to the projections. Turkey has managed to achieve a steady increase in the number of Chinese arrivals by means of campaigns and promotions over the years.
However, at the start of this year Turkey received only 500 Chinese tourists during the traditional Chinese Lunar New Year period in February, a time when families opt to travel abroad. Despite the early setback, Turkish tourism professionals are optimistic about attracting 1 million Chinese by the end of the year. Some Turkish hotels and tourist sites have even modified their decor to appeal to Chinese visitors, while others have amended their menus to suit Chinese tastes. In other changes, ATU Duty Free, a travel retail company, has recently partnered with UnionPay, a payment system popular with the Chinese, who are listed among the top five nationalities with highest spending rates per capita at Istanbul's Ataturk Airport.
The deal offers a 10 percent discount to Chinese tourists this year in airport stores at Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir airports. Meanwhile, both Gurcun and Ibis want the Turkish government to formulate a policy to boost cultural interactions between Turkey and China. For instance, they want the Turkish authorities to make popular Turkish cultural products like TV shows and soap operas available in China as has been done in the Middle East and Argentina.
Istanbul and its Ottoman palaces are now among the major attractions for Arabs who watch the Turkish soap opera The Magnificent Century, which is based on the love life of Ottoman sultan Suleiman I. Also, after the soap opera was aired in Argentina, the number of Argentines traveling to Istanbul, the capital of the then Ottoman Empire, skyrocketed to 100,000 from a meager 5,000 earlier.
To many people's surprise, a book on anthropology by an Israeli historian captivated Chinese readers, as it did audiences all over the world. Yuval Noah Harari, a 40-year-old history professor with Hebrew University of Jerusalem, might be the first writer ever to present an author's show in China on his global best-seller Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind. Yuval Noah Harari shares with Chinese readers his insight into human evolution during his book tour in Beijing. When he faced an audience of about 2,700 in Beijing Expo Theater in late April, Harari was like a rock star. Shu Ting, editor from the China Citic Press and the show's organizer, says Harari's ideas of putting our everyday life back into macro-history, and that Homo sapiens, our far ancestors, differed from other animals with the ability to tell and believe in fictional reality, have influenced and inspired many in China, including business leaders, scientists and young people. Harari himself is a wonderful storyteller, too - from WeChat to his book's stories from ancient Chinese history. He is one of the rare and smart writers who would change seven to eight examples and offer a customized academic book to a different market.
What impresses Gao most is Harari's crossover on many different subjects and realms of knowledge. Harari set out to write a history book for general readers but was turned down by five publishers in Israel. The book dwells on human history over 2 million years, covering three key revolutions (cognitive, agricultural and scientific) and one phase of human unification. Finally published in Hebrew in 2011, and in English in 2014, it won China's Wenjin Book Award from the National Library for best book of that year.
To cover 2 million years in no more than 500 pages, Harari engages and connects ideas from biology, archaeology, politics, economy, genetics and AI studies. He also devotes one chapter to the subject of happiness, arguing that we're not happier than our ancestors, as we're filled with more desires. He says historians seldom look at people's inner desire for happiness, especially viewing from the long run of history. But with experience and a secure professional position, he began to be bolder and try to look at the bigger questions. Shu says Harari shows readers an exciting path, adding that Chinese audiences are willing to pay for getting new knowledge via authors' shows. Born in 1976 in a Jewish family to an engineer father and secretary mother, Harari received his PhD from the University of Oxford in 2002 at age 26. I'm not a pessimist and I'm trying to be realistic about the condition of the world and what we're to face. To date, this is the first government in Chinese history to solve the biggest problem of famine, which is a wonderful development. But there are also problematic developments, like climate change and new technology that may get out of control, like Artificial Intelligence.
I'm afraid there is not enough attention given to these issues by government and the public.
Another positive development in China is that it's thinking in global terms instead of local terms. In an e-mail reply to China Daily, the 60-year-old scientist says he loves the Chinese classics Dream of the Red Chamber and Journey to the West.
Heading the quantum gravity research group at the Centre de Physique Theorique of Aix-Marseille University in Provence, Rovelli is now the author of Seven Brief Lessons on Physics. The volume actually contains only six lessons on physics themes, including Albert Einstein's general relativity, quantum mechanics, the structure of the cosmos, elementary particles, grains of space, and black-hole thermodynamics.
The last chapter returns to human beings: How humans understand the world as an impossibly minor player that "will not last long" on Earth, because "We belong to a short-lived genus of species.
In graceful language, Rovelli concisely explains the greatest revolution in physics in the 20th century, depicting not only the reach and beauty of science but also "reveal (ing) to us just how vast is the extent of which is still not known", as he writes in the book. Inspired by his girlfriend, two years ago Rovelli started writing short articles about quantum, gravity, and his research on quantum gravity for Il Sole 24 Ore, an Italian financial newspaper. For instance, the work of Copernicus in the 16th century is very technical and complicated, but his discovery can be stated simply: 'The Earth turns on itself and around the sun'," Rovelli says. He starts the first chapter, the proposition of general relativity, from Albert Einstein's "loafing aimlessly", pointing out the value of wasting time for young talents. In explaining the complicated genius theory, Rovelli connects his personal experience as an undergraduate in Calabria, Italy. Reading a rodent-gnawed textbook, he says, "every so often I would raise my eyes from the book and look at the glittering sea: It seemed to me that I was actually seeing the curvature of space and time imagined by Einstein". Rovelli compares the uplifting epiphany moment to the appreciation of artistic works: Mozart's Requiem, Homer's Odyssey, the Sistine Chapel and King Lear. Li Min, astrophysicist and secretary-in-general with Jiangsu Astronomy Association, shares that view. Besides beguiling important scientific discoveries, Rovelli also presents the perseverant attempts of the most brilliant minds in the 20th century to cross the ocean of the unknown to see a "simpler, deeper order" of the cosmos, to solve the problem that made Einstein's head hurt.
A Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) blue-and-white stem cup that once belonged to a British pharmacist will go under the hammer in Hong Kong on May 31. The cup exemplifies the classical style and buttery luminosity of the porcelain made during the reign of Emperor Xuande, who introduced the mass production of blue-and-white porcelain not only for daily use in his royal court but also for trade and exchange with the rest of the world.
Rosy Crehan, deputy vice-chancellor of Staffordshire University, with the stem cup that will be auctioned to finance a new museum. The cup features two five-clawed dragons chasing a flaming ball among the clouds and above turbulent waves. The cup is to be sold at a joint auction by Lyon & Turnbull, a 190-year-old auction house based in Scotland, and Freeman's, an auction house established in 1805 in Philadelphia, in the United States. The cup used to be part of the collection of Ernest Thornhill, a London-based pharmacist and collector of Asian ceramics, according to a news release of the sale. The release says that during the Blitz (1940-41) in World War II, Thornhill entrusted his collection - some 276 Asian antiques - to the then North Staffordshire Technical College which later became Staffordshire University. He donated the collection, the stem cup included, to the school in 1944 out of gratitude and also for academic studies. Rosy Crehan, deputy vice-chancellor of Staffordshire University, says in the release that if the cup is sold, the proceeds will go toward the construction of a new museum in the campus where the rest of Thornhill's collection will be housed. The upcoming auction will also include dozens of Chinese antiques, such as porcelain vases and bowls, jade articles, Ming-style furniture and other works of art. The sale marks the maiden entry of the two auction houses into the Asian market with an attempt to reach more collectors.
It will further diversify the art market in Hong Kong, a hub of both international auctioneers, such as Sotheby's and Christie's, and annual events like Art Basel and International Antiques Fair. Although the sales of Lyon & Turnbull and Freeman's have been attracting Chinese buyers for years, it was in 2015 when they sponsored Asia Week Hong Kong activities that they felt the need to extend their presence in the growing Asian market, according to Richard Cervantes, department head for Asian arts at Freeman's and its vice-president.

The two auctioneers, who have allied to explore the European market, decided to launch a joint venture in Hong Kong, which is a "logical step to better serve collectors" and expand the network in the area, Lee Young, Lyon & Turnbull's international director and head of its Asian art department, tells China Daily via email. The works of art to be sold have been in the hands of collectors from the US and Britain for generations. Cervantes says they believe these items will appeal to buyers in Asia, especially the Chinese who are repatriating cultural goods back home. Cervantes also recommends a private collection of Chinese huanghuali (a type of tropical hardwood known for its golden color) furniture at the inaugural Hong Kong sale. With many Western collections of quality Chinese works of art appearing in salerooms over the past three decades, market sources say that auctions in Hong Kong, London and New York are facing a dwindling supply of fresh Chinese antiques. Cervantes says that in the long-term, Chinese works of art will become harder to "discover" among private American and European sources.
Besides, they are offering more Western art and antique objects for decorative purposes to mainland buyers. The 68-year-old has more than 100 works of his calligraphy, ink paintings and seals of stone and clay on display at Taiyuan Art Museum through May 30.
The show attracted hundreds of visitors and some well-known Chinese artists on Sunday when it was opened to the public. Typically, a Chinese painting also has a poem or a sentence on it to give viewers a sense of the painter's feelings when he was working on it. So, it was common for a painter to invite a calligrapher to write sentences or poems on his painting, and to put his name on the work using a seal made by another artist or craftsman. Hu Kangmei, an artist known for his calligraphy, says Wang blends his calligraphy technique into ink paintings and seal-cutting. Wang set up the department of calligraphy in 2010 at the Central Academy of Fine Arts, a college that has produced many well-known artists. But before the department was set up, many artists believed that calligraphy was not an art form that matched Chinese painting to merit a separate department in art colleges. Wang gained fame early in the 1980s for his seals, an art form in China dating back 3,700 years.
His current show has stone seals as well as clay seals - a new material in which he grew interested a few years ago.
When he was 12, he went to see a show of Qi Baishi (1864-1957) and Xu Beihong (1895-1953), which inspired him to learn seal-cutting, an art form that master Qi was good at.
Later, he joined the Central Academy of Fine Arts and studied under Li Keran (1907-89), a modern art master who was good at ink paintings of figures and landscapes.
But he says a calligrapher and an ink painter must learn to enjoy loneliness to perfect his art. The artist has donated some of his works to the Taiyuan Art Museum as his father was born in Taiyuan.
The sales took in $141.4 million against a pre-sale estimate of $134 million to $197 million for the 51 lots on offer. Christie's officials declared themselves pleased with the result, saying they had tailored the sale to the tastes of the current market and that bidding from across the globe, particularly Asia, helped drive bidding. After years of soaring prices, both Christie's and rival Sotheby's assembled markedly smaller sales this season, with no works carrying estimates much beyond $40 million. Emblematic of the results' mixed signals vis-a-vis a seemingly flagging market was Frida Kahlo's Dos Desnudos en el Bosque, which set a record for both Kahlo and any Latin American artist when it fetched $8 million. Similarly, the top-priced lots, Monet's Le bassin aux nymphaes and Modigliani's La Jeune femme a la rose each barely made their low estimate.
Strong prices were achieved by George Braque's Mandoline a la partition and Barbara Hepworth's Sculpture with Color, which soared to nearly four times its estimate, fetching $5.4 million. Officials at both Christie's and Sotheby's say the New York results, which were far stronger for both houses for contemporary and post-war art, will be looked at closely as they assemble their upcoming London sales next month.
Frida Kahlo's Dos Desnudos en el Bosque fetches $8 million during Christie's impressionist and modern art spring sale in New York. China's largest hotpot restaurant chain recently announced it would update its main menu every three months starting from June, reflecting the fact that diners now have a much shorter attention span about new dishes, even though they are devoted to classics. Haidilaou Hotpot - whose restaurants are hits for their service and delicious Sichuan-style hotpots - organized a grand tasting event for hundreds of loyal customers earlier this month.
Among the offerings at the tasting event are cow marrow, boar belly, boar leg, peanut sprout, asparagus and venison that are unusual in a hotpot restaurant.
Vegetarian options include some of my favorites on the new menu - surprises such as black corn, arrowhead tubers, and so-called "purple cabbage" (a hybrid of Chinese cabbage and red kraut), and vegetarian "baodu", or beef triple, a classic meat dish in Sichuan-style hotpot, this version made from beans. There are also innovative desserts, including mushroom-shaped steamed buns, walnut-shaped steamed buns, and taro porridge. All the dishes were created to achieve a balance between taste and nutrition, the company says, because customers have become increasingly aware of food safety and nutrition. Haidilao has established its own supply chain with strict quality controls, from supplier selection, ingredient-quality checking, cold-chain transportation and storage, and storage management. All ingredients for the new dishes are organic, so the vegetables are free of pesticides and fertilizers, an executive with the company's research and development department told me. It was difficult to decide which one was my favorite, except that it wasn't the walnut-shaped steamed buns stuffed with walnut, which were too sweet for me.
The vegetables, including peanut sprouts, pea seedlings, asparagus and black corn, all had distinctive aromas and flavors. Except the pea seedlings, other vegetables are not only rare in a hotpot kitchen but boast great nutritional value - rich in vitamins, dietary fibers, and vegetable protein. Among the meat dishes, I just could not stop having more of the cow marrow, yu yang xian (mutton and fish meat pressed together), boar belly, boar leg and goose intestine. The cow marrow had a very tender and meaty texture when briefly boiled in the spicy hotpot soup, and tasted extraordinarily flavorful when eaten with dried chili powder. The yu yang xian, literally "fish, mutton, umami", is a mixture of raw catfish meat and cooked mutton, and tasted very "umani" and chewy. Goose intestines are a classic hotpot dish in Sichuan province, but are less common in Beijing than duck intestines.
Among the desserts, my favorite was fried shredded taro, which was beautifully presented and very delicious.
The restaurant chain has also launched a program to allow customers with membership of its branches to order personalized hotpot soups with their favorite flavors. To chef Jamie Oliver, an omelet can be a perfectly balanced nutritious meal that can even appeal to kids.
While his healthy-eating crusade has been focused on home cooking, it promotes a way of thinking that makes consumers smarter about what they eat in restaurants, too. Oliver, whose restaurant network has grown to more than three dozen eateries worldwide, including two Jamie's Italian outlets in Hong Kong, is staging an array of events this weekend, including "schools cooking our recipes, ambassadors hosting cooking classes and pop-ups featuring our recipes".
At 5 pm China time on Friday (10 am in the UK), Oliver will kick-start a relay of live videos on his own Facebook page with cooking, advice, debate and fun. Oliver famously began a formal campaign to ban unhealthy food in British schools and to get children eating nutritious food instead. His efforts made the subject of school dinners a political issue in Britain and changed the types of food served in schools. An American fan of Oliver's, Lindsey Shifley, became concerned when her daughter Abbie lost interest in school.
Lindsey Shifley credits Oliver for her change in approach, and now acts as an ambassador for his eat-smart campaign.
Problems like Abbie had are preventable, says Oliver, who hopes on Friday's events will excite viewers around the world to make healthy choices about the food they eat. Delafon hosted master classes for bartenders on the spirit's use, including an event at Caravan, where owner Badr Benjelloun crafted the Chartreuse-goji drink, and also combined the French spirit with oolong tea from Taiwan. The recipe for Chartreuse itself, a herby green alcohol, is such a closely guarded secret that only two of the monks know precisely how to make it. It's hard to know how the monks would feel about the addition of goji berries to their herbal brew. Wines from the nation of Georgia will take center stage on May 28 in Nanchang, Jiangxi province, when the Georgian Wine Abbey is dedicated there.
As a longtime Shiraz fan, I'm excited that Vinexpo Hong Kong will host "Shiraz Day" events on May 26, including numerous tastings, food and wine pairings, a conference, a master class and a "best in show" contest. Shiraz is named after the ancient Persian city of Shiraz, once renowned for producing the finest wine in the Middle East, organizers say.
Meanwhile, Italy is in the spotlight as this year's "country of honor" at the May 24-26 expo, showcasing its great diversity of wines and spirits. Prestigious Italian wineries exhibiting at the show will include Biondi Santi, Chianti Classico, Antinori and Masi Agricola. The Atmosphere bar atop the China World Summit hotel in Beijing will welcome its first guest bartender in 2016 with award-winning "Tiki Master" Daniele Dalla Pola from May 24 to 28.
In 2007, the Japanese ceramic artist Kyosuke Hayashi brought his reproduction of rare chinaware to Beijing for an exhibition. The rare piece Hayashi reproduced is jian zhan, which literally means tea bowls fired in kilns. Japanese artist Kyosuke Hayashi's passion for jian zhan pottery has set him on a journey of exploration to create a new type of chinaware. China's ceramic experts commended Hayashi's reproduction for achieving a similar scale of beauty to the jian zhan ware the Song masters achieved.
Born in 1962 in Toki, central Japan's Gifu prefecture - one of the country's major ceramic producers - Hayashi has won many awards for his pottery and ceramic works in Japan.
When observers gaze long enough at the surface, it appears to resemble an expanse of stars drifting across the heavens on a summer's night.
Oil spots occur when there is an excess of iron oxide, which is allowed to cool slowly and form radiant spots on the surface.
In the 13th century, jian zhan ware was introduced to Japan by its Buddhist monks returning from their studies in China. Japan's Ashikaga shoguns (1336-1573), both warriors and avid tea practitioners, promoted the use of the Chinese-made tea bowls in chado, or the Japanese tea ceremony.
The Song Dynasty came to an abrupt end in the wake of the Mongol nomads, and with it, powdered tea gave way to tea leaves. Three of them are designated as National Treasures of Japan, kept in the Seikado Bunko Art Museum in Tokyo, the Fujita Art Museum in Osaka and the Ryuukouin Subtemple of the Daitokuji Temple in Kyoto.
Up to the 1990s, it was widely believed that the techniques and quality of the Song Dynasty could not be replicated. To learn more about the tradition and techniques of Song ceramic artisans, Hayashi traveled to Fujian to look for relics of yohen tenmoku before their glaze was changed by kiln firing. Scientists have discovered that items of jian zhan or yohen tenmoku contain a unique and incredibly difficult-to-produce crystalline formation known as epsilon-phase iron oxide. Coincidentally, the jian zhan pieces with the highest count of this formation are also some of the most coveted for their beautiful silvery appearance. It is believed that there was no way to control the finished product in the massive wood-burning kilns in the Song Dynasty. Now the biggest challenge for him is the weather, as different conditions can influence the flow of smoke coming out of the kiln and, as a result, the bowls. Jian zhan or yohen tenmoku bowls are still considered among the most perfectly realized objects devoted to the beauty and culture of tea. His passion for the pottery set him on a journey of exploration that continues to this day. Zhang Yun, deputy director of the Hanyang Mausoleum Museum in Xi'an, capital of Shaanxi province, says that the tea, recently recognized as a Guinness World Record for being the world's oldest, will be exhibited at the museum starting on Wednesday. He says the tea was mixed with grains when it was first discovered in 2005 at the Hanyang Mausoleum. However, it was not until 2015 that archaeologists from the Shaanxi Provincial Archaeological Research Institute were able to ascertain the fossilized plant remains were tea. It was the first evidence of tea consumed by a Han Dynasty (202 BC-AD 220) emperor, he says, adding that the findings are of great importance to research on the history of Chinese tea culture.
Rowan Simons, verification officer from the Guinness World Record company, conferred the certificate on May 6 to recognize the discovery as the world's oldest tea. He says it has long been known that China is the home of tea, and the world record gives us a deeper understanding of China.
Ancient Chinese liked to be buried with their favorite things so they could enjoy them in the next world. Other items found at Emperor Jing's burial site include pottery figurines, an army of ceramic animals and several chariots as well as animal remains, including cows, sheep, dogs, pigs, deer, rabbits and birds. Small amounts of tea, unearthed at the graveyard of Emperor Jing (188-141 BC), will be shown at the Hanyang Mausoleum Museum in Xi'an. She will use the opportunity to introduce her dynamic range of songs, from lyrical ballads to high intensity, energetic pieces. Joined by some of Canada's award-winning jazz musicians, including Kevin Turcotte on trumpet, Kelly Jefferson on saxophone and clarinet, Michael Occhipinti on guitar, George Koller on bass, and Biali's husband, Ben Wittman, on drums, Biali will perform at the National Center for the Performing Arts in Beijing on Saturday.
Canadian musician Laila Biali will make her China debut on Saturday, as part of the ongoing Meet in Beijing arts festival.
A household name in her hometown of North Vancouver, British Columbia, Biali is now based in New York with her husband and her son. She also has recorded and performed with pop icon Sting - an experience she recalls as "wonderful and life-changing". Music has always been a great part of her life: Her mother often played church hymns on the piano when she was growing up.
She wrote her first song at the age of 12, which was a "spooky Halloween piano composition" called The Spells. She now draws inspiration from the music she has been listening to over the years - her favorite classical composers plus a host of artists from genres as diverse as pop, rock, gospel and world music. She's released six albums so far, including Tracing Light, which received a Juno (Canada's version of the Grammys) nomination in 2011 for best vocal jazz album of the year. Biali considers each new album as an exciting chance to see "how the music connects with people. Biali and her jazz ensemble show will be part of the ongoing Meet in Beijing arts festival, the capital's oldest arts event, organized by China Arts and Entertainment Group, which was founded in 1957. During the past three weeks, famed Canadian artists have performed in Beijing, including the Ottawa Bach Choir, the Ensemble Caprice Baroque Orchestra and a troupe from Vancouver's renowned dance school, the Goh Ballet Academy. Those performances were recommended and coordinated by the Canadian Fund for International Understanding Through Culture.

Her shows are sold out and fans, especially young people, love her performances of the traditional art form, which is facing a decline today.
On May 24, Zhang will present a Peking Opera classic, The Legend of the White Snake, at Chang'an Grand Theater in Beijing, to mark the end of the monthlong Meet in Beijing arts festival for the year, one of the capital's biggest cultural events. The Legend of the White Snake is about a love affair between a female snake named Bai Suzhen, who turns into a beautiful woman, and a man called Xu Xian. The Cheng school, founded by famed Peking Opera master Cheng Yanqiu (1904-58), is known for its sorrowful and graceful singing, especially when portraying vulnerable and constrained female roles. In 2000, Zhang performed the role of Bai for the first time when she was working with the China National Peking Opera Company. Then, in 2007, she was the first Peking Opera performer to hold a solo concert at the Great Hall of the People.
A highlight of her upcoming show is that Zhang will perform with four actors from different generations of Peking Opera performers, who play the role of Xu Xian. According to Ye, The Legend of the White Snake marks a significant milestone in the development of Peking Opera.
In 1951, shortly after the founding of New China, famed playwright Tian Han (1898-1968), who used to write librettos for traditional Chinese operas, adapted the classic piece into a contemporary Peking Opera work. Since then, The Legend of the White Snake has brought joy to generations of Peking Opera fans.
Ye also says his father, Peking Opera veteran Ye Shenglan (1914-78), performed the role of Xu in The Legend of the White Snake in Paris in 1955.
In the audience then were prominent French actor Gerard Philipe and film icon Charlie Chaplin.
Speaking of his upcoming role, Ye Shaolan says: "I rarely perform these days because I am over 70. Zhang caused a sensation then by performing The Legend of the White Snake and another famous Peking Opera piece, The Jewelry Pouch, at the Lincoln Center in New York. Her US debut was even compared by the media to a performance by Mei Lanfang (1894-1961), who appeared in New York in 1930. The group also organized the Meet in Beijing arts festival, besides Zhang's performance in the US. Faced with this praise, Zhang Huoding, a woman of few words, replies with a shy smile, saying: "I guess the reason why my shows are popular is that I rarely perform in public now. She was transferred there in 2008 from the China National Peking Opera Company because she wanted to withdraw from stage and focus on teaching. Given her influence and popularity, the National Academy of Chinese Theater Arts launched an art heritage center named after her in November. As for her future plans, Zhang says: "I want to maintain a balance between teaching and performing as we have many talented young actors. Sons of the award-winning sarod maestro Amjad Ali Khan, Amaan, 38, and Ayaan, 36, are seventh-generation players of the instrument, the name of which is said to have been derived from a Persian word associated with music. DescriptionA Tumblr from an urban adventurer named Matilda, who's here for exquisite food, 90s throwbacks, photography, running, cycling, style and that dope art. She wanted them to fall in love with Chinese culture and stay here to teach Chinese dancers," says Feng. Pending market research will determine where that joint venture will be positioned in the marketplace, according to Arnold W. The company's global parent, Carnival, is eyeing the growing Chinese market for a joint venture of a domestically owned cruise brand in China. According to the China Cruise and Yacht Industry Association, more than 1.11 million Chinese travelers took a cruise overseas in 2015, an increase of 50 percent over 2014.
Plenty of Chinese outbound travelers haven't yet chosen to cruise, and they will love it eventually," he says. Special features aimed at Chinese travelers could include public space for group tai chi, private settings for table games such as mahjong, and opportunities for luxury shopping. It's vital to make sure Chinese guests are on the right ship and that staff members communicate effectively with the guests throughout the trip. One of the wonderful differences about partnering with Chinese companies is that they truly take a long-term view," Donald says. He suggests Asian countries cooperate with each other to promote their cruises together in Western countries.
About 51 percent liked an itinerary of four to seven days and 32 percent chose eight to 14 days. That's an attractive long-term demographic for cruise operators compared with Western travelers, who are more likely to be retirement age.
Besides the vast ocean view, we have plenty of time to communicate with each other," says Zhang Lei, 42, an office worker from Sanya, Hainan province.
The staff organized interactive programs such as group bodybuilding and lessons in how to cook Vietnamese dishes. The Turkish tourism sector is eager to host Chinese tourists and aims to attract over 1 million Chinese this year. It is home to many civilizations - Seljuk, Hittite, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman," says Ibis.
The audience listened attentively through almost four hours to the very end, some of them reluctant to leave. I didn't expect and am much impressed by the young in the audience," Harari tells China Daily. To really understand, you need to look at it from many angles at the same time and use multiple measurements," says Harari.
But his ideas have resonated with the Chinese readers' need for "chicken soup" and soul exploration. The biggest question in politics and economics in 21st century is what to do with all those masses of "useless" people. Besides, he also reads a lot of essays on anthropology, studies of the brain, philosophy and so on. He says that like artists and writers, the most brilliant talent of a scientist lies not in his or her strong logic, but in intuition and imagination. Scientific thought is fed by the capacity to see things differently than they have previously been seen, Rovelli writes.
Its interior bears a six-character mark which says "Produced during the Xuande period of Ming". And his solo show in Taiyuan, in Shanxi province, offers a glimpse into the world of the versatile artist's understanding of traditional Chinese art. Wang is one such master with a unique style," says Fan Di'an, head of the Central Academy of Fine Arts. The Monet water lilies sold for $27 million while the Modigliani portrait made $12.8 million.
Haidilao will offer new dishes, and plans to update its offerings often, Liu Zhihua finds at a tasting.
On the plate, they were all very fresh and crunchy, except for the arrowhead tubers, which were soft and had a hint of sweetness. The belly meat was more tender than the leg meat, while skin on the leg meat maintained its firm texture, even after being boiled in the soup for a few minutes. When boiled a few seconds (Haidilao suggests eight to 15 seconds), goose intestines will be crunchy; if boiled longer, they get chewy. The new choices are designed for people who want a change, since the soup is the most important ingredient in a hotpot restaurant - the foundation for the flavors of a hotpot. That basic egg dish, however, is at the heart of what celebrity chef Jamie Oliver calls Food Revolution Day, which he's hosting globally on Friday.
His efforts to bring radical change to the school meals system, chronicled in the series Jamie's School Dinners, challenged the junk-food culture by showing schools they could serve healthy, cost-efficient meals that kids enjoyed eating.
A similar campaign in the US was much less successful, and he has expressed dismay at how newly affluent youth in China and India have embraced Western-style fast food, and the well-documented rise in obesity and diabetes in both countries.
It contains their beloved spirit, but untraditionally it shares the space with a goji-berry infused white spirit from Ningxia Hui autonomous region, a big splash of a splendid calvados, and some bitters to counter the sweetness of the other additions. When I was a kid in America, I was enchanted by the idea that Colonel Sanders' recipe for Kentucky Fried Chicken required 11 herbs and spices - and nobody knew how to duplicate it. In medieval times, when disease and pestilence lurked around every corner and folks were lucky to live into their 40s, long life was a potent promise indeed. Maybe these old fellows are freer spirits than I imagine: With 130 different plants in the pot already, could a few goji berries really hurt? The new Georgian wine promotion complex will feature a wine museum, wine-tasting room, wine shop, warehouse, wineries exposition, and a display vineyard of Georgian grapes. A morning conference explores the question, "Can Shiraz become the next trend in Asia?", and lectures will provide updates on the variety and the modern-day boom in popularity of the grape. But the modern-day red wine known as Shiraz is not related to the city's legendary Shiraz varietal, which was white. The Chinese mainland and Hong Kong are importing increasing volumes of Italian wine, with 2.63 million 9-liter cases exported to the region last year, making Italy the fifth biggest wine supplier to the mainland and sixth biggest to Hong Kong. The best labels of traditional Italian liquors also will be on hand, ranging from vermouth and gin and more.
A sophisticated connoisseur of exotic drinks, Daniele achieved the title of "world champion" with his masterpiece cocktail called Elisir D'Amore during the 42nd Below Cocktail World Cup - New Zealand in 2011. His Chinese counterparts greatly admired the replica but were also a little bit embarrassed as no one in the country could re-create it. The craft originated in Southeast China's Fujian province during the Song Dynasty (960-1279).
His creations are now in the collections of the Palace Museum in Beijing and the British Museum in London. Within each star is a navy blue color of glistening mother-of-pearl - a shiny substance that forms the inside of certain mollusk shells. They would grind compressed tea into a fine powder with a stone mill, and then whisk it into froth in bowls. The bowls had deep blacks and reds with flecks of gold - the perfect contrast to the white and green of the tea, making the tea seem even more pure. Since then, yohen tenmoku tea bowls have held a revered position in the history and development of chado. The only four remaining complete examples of the chinaware fired in the Song Dynasty exist in Japan. The fourth is in the Miho Museum outside of Kyoto, and the piece's existence was not widely known until fairly recently.
Because the adjustment of the fire in the kilns was left to chance when the bowls were made, their final appearance was impossible to predict. The site was the graveyard of Emperor Jing (188-141 BC), father of Emperor Wu, whose reign ushered in one of the most prosperous periods in Chinese history. Experts with the Chinese Academy of Sciences used new microfossil plant analysis techniques to examine the samples. They met for the first time at Sting's estate in Tuscany, Italy, in 2009 before Biali performed on a companion DVD to Sting's If on a Winter's Night album. I ended up staying the length of the whole program and getting a degree in jazz performance," recalls Biali, who moved to Toronto to attend Humber College on scholarships at 19. The 45-year-old is one of a few Peking Opera performers who can get the attention usually reserved for a pop star. The woman is strong, crazy for love and brave," says Zhang, who was born in Baicheng city in Northeast China's Jilin province. Upon graduation three years later, she focused on the Cheng school - one of the four major Peking Opera styles that emerged in the early 20th century - under accomplished performer Zhao Rongchen (1916-96).
This performance brought her great acclaim and made her a representative figure of the school. But I am excited to perform with Zhang Huoding because she works hard and contributes to the development of Peking Opera.
Now, we have Zhang Huoding, who is doing the same thing, giving Western audiences a glimpse of our treasured art," he says, referring to Zhang's successful debut performances in the United States in September. In January, she and eight family members, including her mother, took a three-day cruise to Vietnam. Previously 10 percent of mortality was caused by human violence; today it is less than 1 percent.
And it's the duty of historians and philosophers to understand present-day technology, think about them in broader terms, and warn people of their risks. If we're to judge, the question is not whether something is natural, but its impact on happiness and misery of living beings. It was the first time that Haidilao has held such a customer tasting party since it opened its first branch in Mianyang, in Sichuan province, in 1994. Each country - Australia, India, the US, Kenya, Canada, Tanzania, Germany, Netherlands, Nigeria and Brazil - will host its own event with famous culinary faces and celebrities throughout the day. Dom Benoit and Brother Jean-Jacques, the two Carthusian monks who know the Chartreuse formula and are never allowed to travel together (except into the distillery), must macerate about 130 herbs, roots, leaves, vegetation extracts and flowers steeped in alcohol for the infusions that end up bottled as neon green liqueur.
Today the spirit's fans include Britain's queen mother, Jon Bon Jovi and Quentin Tarentino, who brandishes a bottle of the green stuff in his film Death Proof, and says chartreuse is "a liqueur so good they named a color after it".
The Caucasus nation has one of the world's oldest wine traditions, dating to ancient times. But a monk, who considers Bai evil and jails her in a tower, gets in the way of the couple's happy life. For starters, how do you pull off a “live cinema” version of a film like Shawshank? He pleads innocent but gets on with doing his time until he discovers evidence which could set him free.
Still, if you’re brave enough, want to play along and oddly fancy the kicks, this could be the ticket. His initial years locked up are pretty harrowing to say the least – and inside the world of Future Cinema, we get a taste of this prison life that at times is almost too authentic for entertainment.
And since participants are invited to be inmates in this theatrical production, would there reeaaaaaally be any fun in that?

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