CAPPADOCIA GROUP TOUR SOUTH 1 ,Explore South 1 Cappadocia Full Day Group Tour ,Discover the spectacular rock formations, magical fairy chimnies and cave churches of Turkey’s South Cappadocia region on this full-day sightseeing trip. Except Saturday and Sunday !!!! - A ) Advance Reservation Required.B ) Photocopy of your passport picture page is needed in advance for visit permits. Synagogue Visits In Istanbul.Jewish community have lived in the geographic area of Asia Minor for more than 2,400 years. The Ahrida Synagogue ,Located in Balat near the Golden Horn, built by Jews of Ohri (Macedonia) more than 550 years ago and recently renovated during the Quincentennial Celebrations in 1992, the Ahrida Synagogue is known foremost by its boat-shaped bimah. D ) The times are given by the Rabbinate & Times can change According to Them.,Synagogue Visits In Istanbul.
Jewish communities in Anatolia flourished and continued to prosper through the Turkish conquest. The Life of Ottoman Jews For 300 years following the expulsion, the prosperity and creativity of the Ottoman Jews rivalled that of the Golden Age of Spain. Ottoman diplomacy was often carried out by Jews. Joseph Nasi, appointed the Duke of Naxos, was the former Portuguese Marrano Joao Miques. Turkish Jews are legally represented, as they have been for many centuries, by the Hahambasi, the Chief Rabbi. A Community Calendar (Halila) is published by the Chief Rabbinate every year and distributed free of charge to all those who have paid their dues (Kisba) to the welfare bodies.
Social clubs containing libraries, cultural and sports facilities, discotheques give young people the chance to meet.
Drive to Taskinpasa which is a typical Cappadocian Village, there is a Medrese (theological school) and a antiquated mosque, both are built during the Seljuk period. First visit  Mustafapasa, also called as Sinasos, where Cappadocian Greeks had been living in Cappadocia since antiquity. Visit Mustafapasa, also called as Sinasos, where Cappadocian Greeks had been living in Cappadocia since antiquity. Afterward, Keslik Monastery built in volcanic tuff stone and used in Byzantine Era until end of Ottoman Empire.
In the later Middle Ages, Ashkenazi Jews migrating to the Byzantine Empire and Ottoman Empire supplemented the original Jewish population of Asia Minor.
In order to do this we need the passport copies of each guests, hotel adresses & ask our guests to fill our a special form that is given by the Rabbinate. E-mail.
Founded by Ashkenazim of Austrian origin in 1900, it is the last remaining synagogue among a total of three built by Ashkenazim. It can only be visited during weekday mornings.Etz Ahayim Synagogue ,Located in Ortakoy, near the European leg of the Bosphorus Bridge. When the Ottomans captured Bursa in 1326 and made it their capital, they found a Jewish community oppressed under Byzantine rule.
In fact, from the early 15th century on, the Ottomans actively encouraged Jewish immigration. Another Portuguese Marrano, Alvaro Mendes, was named Duke of Mytylene in return of his diplomatic services to the Sultan.Salamon ben Nathan Eskenazi arranged the first diplomatic ties with the British Empire. Indeed, Turkey could serve as a model to be emulated by any nation which finds refugees from any of the four corners of the world standing at its doors.In 1992, Turkish Jewry celebrated not only the anniversary of this gracious welcome, but also the remarkable spirit of tolerance and acceptance which has characterized the whole Jewish experience in Turkey. Walk through  Soganli Valley, for 3km, very atmospheric with several rock churches carved into the valley sides. The rock cones found on the sides of the valley were used as graves by the Romans, and later as churches by the Byzantine.  The frescoes in the churches date back to the 9th and 13th centuries.


Admire Keslik Monastery built in volcanic tuff stone and used in Byzantine Era until end of Ottoman Empire.Drive to Taskinpasa which is a typical Cappadocian Village, there is a Medrese (theological school) and a antiquated mosque, both are built during the Seljuk period.
Visits con be made during weekday mornings and for Shabbat services on Saturday mornings.The Neve Shalom Synagogue ,Built and opened in 1951 and the scene of a tragic terrorist attack in 1986, it is the largest synagogue in Istanbul where most of the religious ceremonies are held.
When the previous synagogue burned down in 1941 with only the marble Aron-ha-Kodesh remaining, the new synagogue was rebuilt on the location of the then midrash.
The Ashkenazi Synagogue ,Located near the Galata Tower, it is the only active Ashkenazi Synagogue open to visits and prayers. A letter sent by Rabbi Yitzhak Sarfati (from Edirne) to Jewish communities in Europe in the first part of the century"invited his co-religionists to leave the torments they were enduring in Christiandom and to seek safety and prosperity in Turkey". (3)When Mehmet II "the Conqueror" took Constantinople in 1453, he encountered an oppressed Romaniot (Byzantine) Jewish community which welcomed him with enthusiasm. In 1493, only one year after their expulsion from Spain, David & Samuel ibn Nahmias established the first Hebrew printing press in Istanbul. Fifty Lay Counsellors look after the secular affairs of the Community and an Executive Committee of fourteen runs the daily matters.
Both cities have homes for the aged (Moshav Zekinim) and several welfare associations to assist the poor, the sick, the needy children and orphans.
The events being planned - symposiums, conferences, concerts, exhibitions, films and books, restoration of ancient Synagogues etc - commemorated the longevity and prosperity of the Jewish community.
Visit the church of Cemil (Greek-orthodox church) built just before the 2nd World War. Finally, discover Kaymakli Underground City  to explore the hand-carved tunnels and caves of the ancient. Then visit the church of Cemil (Greek-orthodox church) built just before the 2nd World War. There are different rooms for all purposes like grain storage, stables for the animals, wine cellars, and all other needs of rural life.
Walk through Soganli Valley, for 3km, very atmospheric with several rock churches carved into the valley sides. There is a Medrese (theological school) and a antiquated mosque, both are built during the Seljuk period. Despite emigration during the 20th century, modern day Turkey continues a Jewish population.The present size of the Jewish Community is estimated at around 26,000 according to the Jewish Virtual Library.
The Neve Shalom is open to the public for morning visits during the weekdays and for Shabbat prayers every Saturday morning.
Sultan Orhan gave them permission to build the Etz ha-Hayyim (Tree of Life) synagogue which remained in service until nineteen forties.Early in the 14th century, when the Ottomans had established their capital at Edirne, Jews from Europe, including Karaites, migrated there.
In 1537 the Jews expelled from Apulia (Italy) after the city fell under Papal control, in 1542 those expelled from Bohemia by King Ferdinand found a safe haven in the Ottoman Empire.
In the early 19th century, Abraham de Camondo established a modern school, "La Escola", causing a serious conflict between conservative and secular rabbis which was only settled by the intervention of Sultan Abdulaziz in 1864. Representatives of Jewish foundations and institutions meet four times a year as a so-called ??think tank?? Some of them are very old, especially Ahrida Synagogue in the Balat area, which dates from middle15th century. As a whole, the celebration aimed to demonstrate the richness and security of life Jews have found in the Ottoman Empire and the Turkish Republic over seven centuries, and showed that indeed it is not impossible for people of different creeds to live together peacefully under one flag.,A History Predating 1492 The history of the Jews in Anatolia started many centuries before the migration of Sephardic Jews.
Then visit a restaurant for a delicious, local, otantic Anatolian lunch.Next, Soganli valley, which is divided into two, has been occupied since the Roman period. Visits con be made during weekday mornings and for Shabbat services on Saturday mornings.,The Neve Shalom Synagogue ,uilt and opened in 1951 and the scene of a tragic terrorist attack in 1986, it is the largest synagogue in Istanbul where most of the religiou,s ceremonies are held. The 15th and 16th century Haskoy and Kuzguncuk cemeteries in Istanbul are still in use today.,??The Museum of Turkish Jews??


The rock cones found on the sides of the valley were used as graves by the Romans, and later as churches by the Byzantine. The frescoes in the churches date back to the 9th and 13th centuries.
Rav Izak Haleva, is assisted by a religious Council made up of a Rosh Bet Din and three Hahamim.
The Neve Shalom is open to the public for morning visits during the weekdays and for Shabbat prayers every Saturday morning.The Ahrida Synagogue ,Located in Balat near the Golden Horn, built by Jews of Ohri (Macedonia) more than 550 years ago and recently renovated during the Quincentennial Celebrations in 1992, the Ahrida Synagogue is known foremost by its boat-shaped bimah.
The Neve Shalom is open to the public for morning visits during the weekdays and for Shabbat prayers every Saturday morning.,,The Ahrida Synagogue ,Located in Balat near the Golden Horn, built by Jews of Ohri (Macedonia) more than 550 years ago and recently renovated during the Quincentennial Celebrations in 1992, the Ahrida Synagogue is known foremost by its boat-shaped bimah. The Pope had no other alternative than to release them, the Ottoman Empire being the "Super Power" of those days. As a result, leadership of the community began to shift away from the religious figure to secular forces.,,World War I brought to an end the glory of the Ottoman Empire.
Then visit the church of Cemil (Greek-orthodox church) built just before the 2nd World War.,South Cappadocia Tour final stop is Kaymakli Underground City. Thirty-five Lay Counselors look after the secular affairs of the Community and an Executive Committee of fourteen, the president of which must be elected from among the Lay Counselors, runs the daily affairs.Except Saturday and Sunday !!!! - A ) Advance Reservation Required. It can only be visited during weekday mornings.,Etz Ahayim Synagogue ,Located in Ortakoy, near the European leg of the Bosphorus Bridge.
In 1926, on the eve of Turkey's adoption of the Swiss Civil Code, the Jewish Community renounced its minority status on personal rights.During the tragic days of World War II, Turkey managed to maintain its neutrality. Additionally, the Community maintains in Istanbul a school complex including elementary and secondary schools for around 700 students. As early as 1933 Ataturk invited numbers of prominent German Jewish professors to flee Nazi Germany and settle in Turkey. Turkish is the language of instruction, and Hebrew is taught 3 to 5 hours a week.,While younger Jews speak Turkish as their native language, the over-70-years-old generation is more at home speaking in French or Judeo-Spanish (Ladino). A bronze column found in Ankara confirms the rights the Emperor Augustus accorded the Jews of Asia Minor. Before and during the war years, these scholars contributed a great deal to the development of the Turkish university system. During World War II Turkey served as a safe passage for many Jews fleeing the horrors of the Nazism. Now one newspaper survives: SALOM (Shalom), a fourteen to sixteen pages weekly in Turkish with one page in Judeo-Spanish.
While the Jewish communities of Greece were wiped out almost completely by Hitler, the Turkish Jews remained secure. Mr. Salahattin Ulkumen, Consul General at Rhodes in 1943-1944, was recognized by the Yad Vashem as a Righteous Gentile "Hassid Umot ha'Olam" in June 1990. The vast majority live in Istanbul, with a community of about 2.500 in Izmir and other smaller groups located in Adana, Ankara, Antakya, Bursa, Canakkale, Kirklareli etc. There are about 100 Karaites, an independent group who does not accept the authority of the Chief Rabbi.



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