Following their successful efforts to push through federal legislation forcing desegregation as the result of the Civil Rights movement, Jewish activists in the 1960's began turning their attention toward encouraging American and European youths to break away from traditional standards of moral decency by encouraging them to embrace more liberal attitudes in regard to casual sex, recreational drug use, and alternative lifestyles that revolved around promiscuity, communal living, nudism, exploring mysticism, the occult, acceptance of homosexuality, transgenderism and group-sex, along with organizing political protests against the war on Communism being fought in Vietnam and government prohibition of recreational drugs such as marijuana and LSD.
On the afternoon and evening of January 14, 1967, some 30,000 hippies converged on San Francisco's Golden Gate Park, to attend the Human Be-In, a counterculture rally promoted on the cover of the fifth issue of the San Francisco Oracle as "a gathering of the tribes." The Human Be-In served as the catalyst for what became known as "The Summer of Love," which brought the 1960s hippie counterculture to national attention, emphasizing leftist ideals of liberal political and social values, personal activism, feminist and minority empowerment, decentralization of government authority, communal living, ecological awareness, and achieving higher consciousness through the use of psychedelic drugs. In 1905, while on an out-of-state buying trip for his Oshkosh, Wisconsin, clothing store, Carl Laemmle, a Jewish immigrant from Laupheim, Germany, was struck by the popularity of nickelodeons while visiting Chicago. Paramount Pictures, America's oldest existing film studio, traces its beginnings back to the 1912 founding of the Famous Players Film Company. After working as a silent movie projectionist, 17 year old Sam Warner, the son of Polish Jewish immigrants who settled in Youngstown, Ohio,  became convinced of the new medium's potential as a profitable enterprise and in 1903 he and his brother Albert Warner purchased a used Model B Edison Kinetoscope projector for $1,000 from a projectionist who was "down on his luck," and began to hold showings of Thomas Edison's motion picture The Great Train Robbery at traveling carnivals throughout Ohio and Pennsylvania.
Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation was established on May 31, 1935, as the result of the merger of Fox Film Corporation, founded by Jewish American theater chain pioneer William Fox (Fuchs) in 1915, and Twentieth Century Pictures, founded in 1933 by Darryl F. Columbia Pictures, founded in 1919 as Cohn-Brandt-Cohn Film Sales by Jewish brothers Jack and Harry Cohn and Joe Brandt, released its first feature film in August 1922.
Kolla garna upp forlagets (Adventures Unlimited Press) hemsida, dar det kan finnas mer information. The counterculture movement was precipitated by a number of factors that came about as a direct result of Jews playing  leading roles in their professions which would have a lasting impact on society for decades to come. On the political front, Jewish activists such as Abbie Hoffman and Jerry Rubin, with help from Allen Ginsberg, formed the controversial Youth International Party who referred to themselves as"Yippies."When the state of California announced that the use or possession of LSD would soon be made illegal Allen Cohen, a Jewish poet and icon of the 1960s counterculture movement, turned his efforts toward organizing a protest rally against the criminalization of the drug. Speakers at the rally included Jewish psychologist Richard Alpert (soon to be more widely known as 'Ram Dass') along with his his close friend and associate Timothy Leary, who set the tone that afternoon with his famous phrase "Turn On, Tune In, Drop Out." Other notable Jewish counter-culture icons included Allen Ginsberg, who chanted mantras, Gary Snyder, Lenore Kandel, Jerry Rubin.
Its founder, Adolph Zukor, a Jewish immigrant from Hungary, had been an early investor in nickelodeons and saw that movies appealed mainly to working-class immigrants. They were soon joined by their brother Harry, who sold his bicycle shop in 1905 and used the money to purchase a vacant building in New Castle, Pennsylvania, which became The Cascade, their first theater.
He had bought Metro Pictures Corporation (founded in 1916) and Goldwyn Pictures (founded in 1917) to provide a steady supply of films for his large theater chain, Loew's Theatres. Cobb (Leo Jacob) Scott Cohen Mindy Cohn Joan Collins Katie Couric Peter Coyote (Rachmil Pinchus Ben Mosha Cohon) Billy Crystal Jamie Lee Curtis Tony Curtis (Bernard Schwartz) Rodney Dangerfield (Jacob Cohen) Larry David Sammy Davis Jr.
While working with Ron and Jay Thelin, the Jewish owners of The Psychedelic Shop located on Haight Street in San Francisco, Allen Cohen helped to publish the first issue of The San Francisco Oracle on September 9, 1966, as an underground newspaper that would serve as the primary vehicle in promoting the upcoming rally protesting California's prohibition of LSD.
Within weeks of returning from his Chicago trip, Laemmle decided to sell his dry goods business and bought the first of several nickelodeons. With two Jewish brothers, Daniel and Charles Frohman, as his partners Zukor planned to offer feature-length films that would appeal to the middle class by featuring the leading theatrical players of the time (leading to the slogan "Famous Players in Famous Plays"). In 1909 Edison's Motion Picture Patents Company sued Warner Brothers for violating their copyright to the motion picture machine and forced them to close their theater.
However, these purchases created a need for someone to oversee his new Hollywood operations, since his longtime assistant and fellow Jew, Nicholas Schenck, was needed in New York to oversee the theaters. In its early years a minor player in Hollywood, Columbia began to grow in the late 1920s, spurred by a successful association with director Frank Capra. This extraordinary investigation exposes the secret section of the State Department that began, starting in 1948 and unbeknownst to Congress and the public until recently, to hire members of the puppet wartime government of Byelorussia—a region of the Soviet Union occupied by Nazi Germany. Since the new law banning LSD was to go into effect on October 6, 1966, Allen Cohen and others helping to organize the protest publicized the event by relating the date of the drug's prohibition to the "number of the Beast" (666) from the Book of Revelation in Christian scripture.
For Laemmle and other such entrepreneurs, the creation in 1908 of the Edison-backed Motion Picture Trust meant that exhibitors were expected to pay fees for Trust-produced films they showed. By mid-1913, Famous Players had completed five films, and Zukor was on his way to success.

Following a reorganization, partner Brandt was bought out, and Harry Cohn took over as president.
Rifkin) Joan Rivers (Joan Molinsky) Doris Roberts (Doris Mae Meltzer) Tanya Roberts (Victoria Leigh Blum) Edward G.
A former Justice Department investigator uncovered this stunning story in the files of several government agencies, and it is now available with a chapter previously banned from release by authorities and a foreword and afterword with recently declassified materials.
Known as the "Love Pageant Rally" it was held on the 'panhandle' of Golden Gate Park, the narrow section that projects into San Francisco's Haight-Ashbury district. Based on Edison's patent for the electric motor used in cameras and projectors, along with other patents, the Trust collected fees on all aspects of movie production and exhibition, and attempted to enforce their rights over distribution.
They fled Edison's private detectives for Los Angeles where lax laws enabled them to operate in violation of Edison Trust without fear of prosecution. In an effort to improve its image, the Cohn brothers renamed the company Columbia Pictures Corporation in 1924.
Robinson (Emanuel Goldenberg) Alan Rosenberg Lilian Roth (Lillian Rutstein) Paul Rudd Katie Sagal Bob Saget Adam Sandler Ben Savage Fred Savage Rebecca Schaeffer Richard Schiff Rob Schneider David Schwimmer Kyra Sedgwick George Segal Steven Seagal Peter Sellers (Richard Henry Sellers) Jerry Seinfeld Rod Serling (Rodman Edward Serling) Jane Seymour (Joyce Penelope Wilhelmina Frankenberg) Garry Shandling William Shatner Wallace Shawn Harry Shearer Ally Sheedy Dinah Shore (Frances Rose Shore) Pauly Shore Gene Simmons Richard Simmons Ron Silver Jonathan Silverman Phil Silvers (Philip Silver) Helen Slater Joey Slotnick Wendie Jo Sperber Brent Spiner Susan Strasberg Jerry Stiller (Gerald Isaac Stiller) Harold J.
The 'Haight', a neighborhood of run-down Victorian houses, had become the center of San Francisco's counterculture.
Soon, Laemmle and other Jewish nickelodeon owners decided to avoid paying Edison by producing their own pictures.
Over the course of the next decade, the Warners became increasingly involved in the movie business, progressing from owners of a chain of theaters, to executives in film distribution, to partners in the production of motion pictures.
Because of his decade-long success as a Jewish film producer, Mayer was made a vice-president of Loew's and head of studio operations in California, with Jews  Harry Rapf and Irving Thalberg as heads of production. Lang and Kornfeld noticed the ad, and the four men got together developing the idea of an outdoor music and arts festival. In June 1909, Laemmle started the Yankee Film Company with Jewish brothers Abe Stern and Julius Stern as his partners. In 1918 they opened their first film production studio on Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood, California, and after producing a number of successful films Warner Brothers Pictures officially incorporated in 1923 with Albert as treasurer and Jack and Sam as heads of production.
For decades MGM was listed on movie title cards as "Controlled by Loew's, Inc." Though Loew's Metro was the dominant partner, the new studio inherited Goldwyn's studios in Culver City, California, the former Goldwyn mascot Leo the Lion (which replaced Metro's parrot symbol), and the Goldwyn corporate motto Ars Gratia Artis ("Art for Art's Sake"). He would run Columbia for the next 34 years, the second-longest tenure of any studio chief, behind only Warner Bros.' Jack Warner. That company quickly evolved into the Independent Moving Pictures Company, with studios in Fort Lee, New Jersey, where many early films in America's first motion picture industry were produced in the early 20th century. Also inherited from Goldwyn was a runaway production, Ben–Hur, which had been filming in Rome for months at great cost. Laemmle broke with Edison's custom of refusing to give billing and screen credits to performers. Columbia's product line consisted mostly of moderately budgeted features and short subjects including comedies, sports films, various serials, and cartoons. By naming the movie stars, he attracted many of the leading players of the time, contributing to the creation of the star system. Though Ben–Hur was the most costly film made up to its time, it became MGM's first great public-relations triumph, establishing an image for the company that persisted for years.
Using political connections, Mayer called on the Justice Department's anti-trust unit to block the merger. In 1910, he promoted Florence Lawrence, formerly known as "The Biograph Girl," and actor King Baggot, in what may be the first instance of a studio using stars in its marketing.On April 30, 1912, in New York Carl Laemmle, Mark Dintenfass, Charles O.

Also in 1925, with the success of both The Big Parade and Ben–Hur, MGM surpassed Universal Studios as the largest studio in Hollywood, a distinction it would maintain for over 30 years. Fortunately for Mayer, Fox was badly injured in a car crash in the summer of 1929, and by the time he recovered he had lost most of his fortune in the fall 1929 stock market crash, putting an end to the Loew's merger. Warner Brothers was among the first Hollywood motion picture studios to realize that movies not only had the ability to generate vast wealth by entertaining audiences, but it also had the power to influence them and served as a vehicle for political and social reform.
Over-extended and close to bankruptcy, Fox was stripped of his empire and ended up in jail.
Cochrane, and Jules Brulatour founded the Universal Film Manufacturing Company, with Laemmle as its president. Hodkinson and actor, director, producer Hobart Bosworth had started production of a series of Jack London movies.
Warner Brothers was able to use this ability to shape the American public's opinion and bolster support for Franklin D.
Paramount was the first successful nation-wide distributor; until this time, films were sold on a state-wide or regional basis. Roosevelt in his campaign for the presidency as well as for his New Deal, and became a key proponent for American intervention in Europe during Hitler's rise to power, producing a number of anti-Nazi films vilifying Germany prior to World War II. A bank-mandated reorganization propped the company up for a time, but it was clear a merger was the only way Fox Film could survive.
The new Universal studio was a vertically integrated company, with movie production, distribution and exhibition venues all linked in the same corporate entity, the central element of the Studio system era. Under the new president Sidney Kent, the new owners began negotiating with the upstart but powerful independent Twentieth Century Pictures in the early spring of 1935. Following the trend of other Jewish film makers of locating their production studios in California to evade legal prosecution on behalf of the Edison Trust for non-payment of royalties on Edison copyrighted film equipment, the company located its film studios in the Hollywood area by the en of 1912.
Also while Famous Players and Lasky were privately owned Paramount was a corporation so the other two companies were merged into Paramount.
On March 14, 1915, Laemmle opened the world's largest motion picture production facility, Universal City Studios, on a 230-acre converted farm just over the Cahuenga Pass from Hollywood. Soon the ambitious Zukor, unused to taking a secondary role, began courting Hodkinson and Lasky. Studio management became the third facet of Universal's operations, with the studio incorporated as a distinct subsidiary organization.
In 1916, Zukor maneuvered a three-way merger of his Famous Players, the Lasky Company, and Paramount.
The new company, Famous Players-Lasky Corporation, grew quickly, with Lasky and his partners Goldfish and DeMille running the production side, Hiram Abrams in charge of distribution, and Zukor making great plans. With only the exhibitor-owned First National as a rival, Famous Players-Lasky and its "Paramount Pictures" soon dominated the business. However, it sought an audience mostly in small towns, producing mostly inexpensive melodramas, westerns and serials.Laemmle entrusted most of the production policy decisions to Irving Thalberg.

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