In World War 2, Germany had a significant advantage in several fields of weapons technology. It had a history of military innovation, and in the decades before World War 2 its science and technology leadership in many fields was at its peak. Since 1933, when Adolf Hitler became dictator of Germany, with a firm and declared intention to go to war, Germany was making a maximum national effort to re-prepare to a major war. At those same pre-war years, the western technology leaders were led by nationwide post-WWI pacifism which preferred to ignore the rapidly rising threat, and their defense budgets were miserably low. Stalin's Russia was also preparing to war, but had a bigger gap to close, and Stalin's centralist terror regime almost eliminated free innovation. So there's no wonder that in 1933-1939 Germany achieved a significant advantage in military technology over its future enemies, an advantage it partially lost during the war. When the war began, the over-confident Hitler ordered to slow down German weapons development projects which were not expected to become operational within an 18 months time frame. But towards the end of the war, outnumbered and facing defeat, Germany did the opposite, and desparately invested in highly advanced new weapons development, with impressive results, but mostly at the expense of greatly needed mass production of available mature weapons, and too late to save Germany from defeat.
Arado 234 - the world's first jet bomber, the Arado 234 was a highly advanced single-seat bomber with automatic pilot, eject seat, pilot-aimed rear guns, and with its two jet engines and streamlined shape it was too fast to intercept. Messerschmitt 163 - the world's first rocket-powered fighter, the Messerschmitt 163 was an incredibly fast AND highly agile short range point defense bomber interceptor, like a manned and reusable anti aircraft missile. Once the incoming bombers formation appeared, it could take off, climb at them at an incredible rate, close in at 600mph, a speed that made the heavy bombers and their escort fighters almost sitting ducks in comparison, attack, then disengage, run out of rocket fuel, dive down unpowered but still too fast for any other fighter to chase, and then easily glide back to landing at base.
In the hands of a capable pilot it was a formidable weapon, even if short ranged, and indeed one German ace once shot down three B-17 bombers one after the other in one sortie with it. Heinkel 162 - a jet fighter designed to be mass-produced by minimally trained workers, using available non-strategic materials, and to be flown by minimally trained pilots. Just 69 days after being given the contract, Heinkel successfully flew the new jet fighter, and production started. Dornier 335 - the world's first fighter with eject seat, the Dornier 335 was a fast and powerful bomber interceptor which could fly and climb faster than its opponents, the American P-51 Mustang escort fighters.
Helicopters - the world's first operational military helicopters were the Flettner 282, a small maritime reconnaissance helicopter used mostly in the Mediterranean, and the Focke Achgelis 223, a utility helicopter.
Production numbers were low due to the destruction of the factories by Allied air bombardment.
Like a modern 'bunker buster' bomb, the big radio-controlled Fritz-X was built to penetrate the thickest armor. A manned version for suicide attack was developed and became operational, but never used for attack.
Schrage Musik - upward firing guns installed in night fighters and automatically triggered by a photoelectric sensor when flying under the target bomber's night shadow.


This was a very efficient weapon which enabled swift and lethal surprise attacks from below. Sondergerate - downward firing recoilless anti-tank guns installed in ground attack aircraft and triggered automatically by a photoelectric sensor when the attacking aircraft passed over the target tank.
Type 21 submarine - the world's first submarine built to stay submerged during its entire patrol, not just during combat as earlier submarines did.
It had a battery-powered range of over 300 miles between battery recharges, which did not require surfacing, just raising a schnorkel to water level. It was the first submarine with advanced SONAR capable of targeting enemy ships while submerged without having to use the periscope. It had a secondary electric motor especially for silent combat running, fast torpedo reload mechanism, air conditioning, and more. Type 21 was a highly advanced attack submarine that was much harder to detect by anti-submarine aircraft and vessels. Electric-powered torpedoes - the world's first electric powered torpedoes were used by the German submarines.
This stealth technology was decades ahead of its time, based on the same science principles used in the RADAR-absorbing coating of modern stealth aircraft. Unlike chemical weapons like Mustard Gas which injure and kill by burning skin and tissue, Nerve Agents, like the venom of Cobra snakes and scorpions, quickly causes a total and excruciating muscle paralysis that kills by paralising the muscles invloved in breathing. The Allies knew nothing of this horrible secret German weapon, or the fact that the German artillery was already equipped with it, until after the war's end. Before and during World War 2, Germany built many large production plants, solely for wartime purposes, as the produced fuel was much more expensive than petroleum based fuels.
The synthetic fuel, produced from coal, was critically important to Germany during the entire war to overcome its dependence on imported petroleum.
Radio Navigation - Since the beginning of World War 2, German night bombers could efficiently navigate to their targets using systems of fixed radio transmitters, and receivers installed in the bombers. The above list of German weapons does not include many other innovative weapons development projects which did not become operational before World War 2 ended, but which greatly influenced the post-war East-West arms race. It also does not include many other advanced German weapons which did participate in World War 2, but to which The Allies had equivalent weapons.
But who are those girls, proudly representing Estonia on the international stage? Let’s follow their progress through New York, London, Milan and Paris and pick the hottest Estonian names in the fashion industry. At the top of our list of girls who made the cut is Elisabeth Erm, who shot to the front of the pack after walking for Calvin Klein in New York in February 2013, and has since gone on to success in Europe.
Fashion saves the best for last – the fabulous Estonian top-model Carmen Kass is closing our internationally most-known Estonian models ranking. The German military industry, already a leader in many fields, was given enormous budgets and other national resources, in a major national effort to equip the German military with the most advanced weapons possible.


Unlike typical twin-engine aircraft with one propeller on each wing, the Dornier 335 had one propeller in the nose and one propeller in the tail. The rocket-powered V-2 delivered a 2150lb warhead to a range of 200 miles, and since it reached the target from above at a speed of 2500mph, there was no early warning, and it was launched from mobile launchers, which were hard to detect before and after launch. A very small attack submarine (250 tons) with a crew of just 14, it was optimized for attack and survival in coastal and shallow waters, and in addition to the advanced features of Type 21, it was also capable of incredibly fast crash dive, in less than 10 seconds.
They did not leave a trail of bubbles in the water, and therefore did not reveal the direction to the attacking submarine, greatly improving its chance of avoiding a counter attack. It made surfaced German submarines invisible to night detection by airborne Infra-Red searchlights.
Assault rifles (like the modern M-16 and AK-47) are an optimized compromise between the rifle and the sub-machine gun, combining the advantages of both to a superior weapon. As some may know, Estonia is the top nation per capita for the number of international fashion models. She continued particularly strongly this September, turning up at Balenciaga, Chanel, Dior, Givenchy and Miu Miu events, among others. “Polished, poised and versatile,” are the words spoken about in the fashion industry. However, opening and closing at Prada in Milan made her the most talked-about newcomer of 2009. 9, 1943, two Fritz-X bombs dropped from a German bomber hit the Italian 45,000 ton battleship Roma so hard that it exploded.
This 20-year-old girl from Tartu is not only the most-wanted name for the past two seasons, but she’s looking gorgeous, sophisticated and professional as well, which is quite a bonus for a beginner. Opening the Prada show is regarded as one of the most coveted positions in modelling, although some of the openers faded as quickly as they rose to the fashion Olympus. She started out  on the catwalk during spring 2007 at the Christopher Kane and Marni shows that were followed by a slow but a steady run of editorials in 2008 for V and the Italian Vogue.
The Hs-293 was a radio-controlled missile with a 500kg warhead, guided by the launching bomber's bombardier. Luckily that did not happen to Katlin – after her first flashing runways she used her chance and since then this ethereal and edgy Estonian model is one of 50 most-wanted models of the last few seasons.
In the subsequent years, she scored advertising contracts with Gucci and Michael Kors for 2011, all while maintaining a strong presence on catwalks and in magazines. While she’s just 23 years old, she has a number four ranking in Top 50 models and number 17 ranking in income.



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