A 2009 study found Transcendental Meditation helped alleviate stress in college students, while another found it helped reduce blood pressure, anxiety, depression and anger.” “Perhaps its greatest benefit is that it’s relatively quick to learn and easy to master.
Transcendental Meditation is a Hindu-based movement that finds popularity in the United States.
Transcendental Meditation: The Roots of HinduismIn order to understand Transcendental Meditation and other extensions of Hindu philosophy, it's important to investigate the foundation of Hinduism itself. Transcendental Meditation: The Diversity of HinduismTranscendental Meditation is just one example of the wide variety of Hindu worship, integrating diverse symbols, offerings, fasting, and dance.
Transcendental Meditation: An Endless Life CycleHinduism rejects the biblical account of divine Creation and instead accept forms of pantheism.
Over the past 50 years, hundreds of scientific research studies on the wide-ranging effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique have been published in more than 160 scholarly research journals. Starting in the earliest days of teaching the Transcendental Meditation technique, Maharishi Mahesh Yogi challenged scientists to conduct research on TM’s effects on the mind and body.
With each year the research has used progressively more sophisticated research designs and explored in more detail the mechanisms by which the Transcendental Meditation technique generates its unique effects.
EEG research studies reprinted in Volume 7 of Collected Papers include a series of studies by Dr. For example, a longitudinal study using the most rigorous research design found a reduction in diastolic blood pressure among hypertensive patients over a one year period, as well as decreased use of blood pressure medication, in contrast to those taking a health education class. Another study found reduced atherosclerosis of the carotid artery after nine months of practice of Transcendental Meditation, in comparison to controls. A follow-up study of elderly patients with hypertension who learned the Transcendental Meditation technique showed a significant reduction in mortality rate—a 23% decrease in mortality overall and a 30% decrease in cardiovascular mortality, in comparison to control groups. Studies reprinted in this latest volume of Collected Papers demonstrate holistic development of intellectual abilities and higher levels of personality integration among those who learn the Transcendental Meditation technique, even though this development usually does not occur after adolescence. For example, three studies of secondary students in Taiwan found that those who learned the Transcendental Meditation technique, in comparison to control students who practiced other procedures, showed improvement in a broad range of mental abilities, including improved creativity, improved practical intelligence, increased mental efficiency, and increased abstract intelligence. A 10-year longitudinal study found that university students regularly practicing the Transcendental Meditation technique displayed a dramatic increase in self-development to high levels of personality integration, in contrast to control groups of students from three universities.
The Transcendental Meditation technique is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical diagnosis or treatment. Effects of the Transcendental Meditation program on stress reduction, health, and employee development: A prospective study in two occupational settings.
Other offshoots of Hinduism increasing in attention due to the New Age philosophy are the Vendata Society, Self-realization Fellowship, Theosophy, Ecknakar, and the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (Hare Krishna). On a daily basis, most Hindus worship an image of their chosen deity, with chants (mantras), flowers, and incense. Hindus believe that only Brahman exists, and all else is illusion (maya), including all creation.
In order to make this research easily accessible to everyone, a series of volumes collecting these research studies started to be published beginning in the 1970s. This development is clear in the research studies reprinted in Volume 7 of Collected Papers. Fred Travis and his collaborators, which confirm and extend the previous findings on the effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique. Travis found that with long-term practice of Transcendental Meditation the EEG characteristics of Transcendental Consciousness become stable during daily life.
Robert Schneider and his associates reprinted in Volume 7 of Collected Papers provide deep insight into the benefits of the Transcendental Meditation technique for cardiovascular health. Of the students practicing the Transcendental Meditation technique, 38% of the group scored at a very high level of self-development, in contrast to only 1% of the control groups. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider regarding any medical condition. Western "sects" based on Hindu concepts have also grown in recent years, including Christian Science, the United Church of Christ, and the Unity School of Christianity. Worship, whether in a home or temple, is primarily individualistic rather than congregational.


According to Hinduism, there is no start or finish of creation, only continuing successions of life and death. For example, studies confirmed the finding that EEG coherence—orderliness of brain functioning—is higher during Transcendental Meditation compared to eyes close rest. This stabilization of Transcendental Consciousness is the hallmark of the fifth state of consciousness, Cosmic Consciousness. Hinduism is a massive and eccentric group of divisions founded on more than 2000 years of diverse philosophical and religious writings.
The seventh volume of Collected Papers is now being printed, with 81 research papers published from 1996 to 2005. His pioneering research confirmed that during Transcendental Meditation practice individuals experience a fourth major state of consciousness, a unique state of restful alertness, physiologically distinct from the states of waking, dreaming, and sleeping. EEG coherence is also higher during experiences of Transcendental Consciousness than during other experiences in Transcendental Meditation.
The first, "popular Hinduism" is articulated by worshipping gods, making offerings, ritualistic practices, and prayers. Repeated lives or reincarnations (samsara) are required before the soul can be liberated (moksha) from the body. This initial research, which was first published in the journal Science in 1970 and later in Scientific American in 1972, stimulated an avalanche of scientific studies in the subsequent years documenting the holistic and profound effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique for mind, body, behavior, and society. Adherents of Hinduism differ in belief systems, with no dominant doctrine or overarching truth. The second, "philosophical Hinduism" is comprised of a multifaceted system of meditation, yoga practices, and the study of early philosophical writings.
An individual's present life is determined by his efforts in previous lives (the law of karma), and the physical body is ultimately an illusion (maya). Due largely to this research, the study of consciousness became a topic of increasing interest to researchers around the world.
Hinduism has its background in ancient paganism, in which nature, animals, and humanity are represented by various gods and goddesses. Traditional Hindu movements include the Ramkrishna Mission and Vedanta Societies, Sri Aurobindo Society, Satya Sai Baba Movement, Self Realization Fellowship, and International Sivananda Yoga Society. Bodies are usually cremated, and the soul goes to an intermediate state of punishment or reward before rebirth into another body. Although Hindus believe in many gods, they believe in Brahman as the one definitive, impersonal, spiritual actuality over all existence. Reincarnations are experienced until karma has been removed and the individual soul is reabsorbed into Brahman. Of these, approximately 780 million live in India, 20 million in Bangladesh, 20 million in Indonesia, 20 million in Nepal, 3 million in Sri Lanka, 2 million in Pakistan and 1.5 million in the United States. Freedom from infinite being and final self-realization of the truth (moksha) is the goal of existence. Yoga and meditation (especially raja-yoga) taught by a religious teacher (guru) is one way to attain moksha.
The other paths for moksha are the way of works (karma marga), the way of knowledge (jnana marga), and the way of love and devotion (bhakti marga).
Hinduism's fundamental goal is to escape the cycle of reincarnation, and thereby to erase the illusion of personal existence - eventually becoming one with Brahman. The effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique and progressive muscle relaxation on EEG coherence, stress reactivity, and mental health in black adults.
The transcendental meditation technique, adrenocortical activity, and implications for stress. Therapeutiche Wirkungen der Transzendentalen Meditation auf drogenkonsumenten (Therapeutic effects of Transcendental Meditation on drug use). Transcendental Meditation, mindfulness, and longevity: An experimental study with the elderly. Effectiveness of Transcendental Meditation on functional capacity and quality of life of African Americans with congestive heart failure: a randomized control study.


Effects of the Transcendental Meditation Program on carotid atherosclerosis in hypertensive African Americans, Stroke 31: 568-573, 2000. Effects of randomized controlled trial of Transcendental Meditation on components of the metabolic syndrome in subjects with coronary heart disease. Effects of Transcendental Meditation compared to other methods of relaxation and meditation in reducing risk factors, morbidity and mortality.
Cardiovascular disease prevention and health promotion with the Transcendental Meditation program and Maharishi Consciousness-Based Health Care. Review of controlled clinical research on the Transcendental Meditation program and cardiovascular disease: Risk factors, morbidity, and mortality. Psychosocial stress and cardiovascular disease, Part 2: Effectiveness of the Transcendental Meditation program in treatment and prevention.
Cost-Effective Hypertension Management: Comparison of Drug Therapies with an Alternative Program. Electrophysiologic characteristics of respiratory suspension periods occurring during the practice of the Transcendental Meditation program. Reduced age-related declines of P300 latency in elderly practicing Transcendental Meditation. Patterns of EEG coherence, power, and contingent negative variation characterize the integration of transcendental and waking states. Modification of the paired H reflex through the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program.
Medial prefrontal cortex and anterior cingulated cortex in the generation of alpha activity induced by Transcendental Meditation: A magnetoencephalographic study. Transcendental Meditation and improved performance on intelligence-related measures: A longitudinal study. Vedic Science based education and nonverbal intelligence: A preliminary longitudinal study in Cambodia.
Increased intelligence and reduced neuroticism through the Transcendental Meditation program. Transcendental Meditation and developmental advancement: Mediating abilities and conservation performance.
School effectiveness: Achievement gains at the Maharishi School of the Age of Enlightenment. Transcendental consciousness: a fourth state of consciousness beyond sleep, dreaming, and waking. Transcendental Meditation and postconventional self-development: A 10-year longitudinal study.
Field independence of students at Maharishi School of the Age of Enlightenment and a Montessori school. Impact of Transcendental Meditation on mortality in older African Americans—eight year follow-up.
The Transcendental Meditation program: reducing the risk of heart disease and mortality and improving quality of life in African Americans. Treating and preventing alcohol, nicotine, and drug abuse through Transcendental Meditation: A review and statistical meta-analysis.
The use of the Transcendental Meditation programme in the prevention of drug abuse and in the treatment of drug-addicted persons. Transcendental Meditation as an epidemiological approach to drug and alcohol abuse: Theory, research, and financial impact evaluation. More than 380 peer-reviewed research studies on the TM technique have been published in over 160 scientific journals.



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