DAILY TOURS EPHESUS BY PLANE ,A Daytrip to Ephesus ,This is a daytrip to Ephesus from Istanbul by plane returning back on the same day.
History Of Ephesus,According to tradition, Efes (Ephesus), one of the most important cities of antiquity, was founded by Androclos, although it has been established that the Lelegians and Carians inhabited the place earlier. The Vedius Gymnasium was located to the north end of the city, right next to the Byzantine era city ramparts. The cave of the Seven Sleepers is reached through the asphalt road which goes through the east of the Vedius Gymnasium. The town of Selcuk is dominated by a Byzantine citadel overlooking the Basilica of St.John (presently under restoration). The Efes Archaeological Museum in Selcuk has been enlarged and diplays now the impressive works of art recovered from and around Efes.
Neolithic age,The area surrounding Ephesus was already inhabited during the Neolithic Age (about 6000 BCE), as was revealed by the excavations at the nearby hoyuk (artificial mounds known as tells) of Arvalya and Cukurici.Bronze age,Excavations in recent years have unearthed settlements from the early Bronze Age at the Ayasuluk Hill. Ephesus was founded as an Attic-Ionian colony in the 10th century BCE on the Ayasuluk Hill, three kilometers from the center of antique Ephesus (as attested by excavations at the Seljuk castle during the 1990s). The Greek goddess Artemis and the great Anatolian goddess Kybele were identified together as Artemis of Ephesus. Archaic period,About 650 BCE, Ephesus was attacked by the Cimmerians, who razed the city, including the temple of Artemis. Ephesus has intrigued archaeologists because for the Archaic Period there is no definite location for the settlement. During the Peloponnesian War, Ephesus was first allied to Athens but sided in a later phase, called the Decelean War, or the Ionian War, with Sparta, which also had received the support of the Persians. In 356 BCE the temple of Artemis was burned down, according to legend, by a lunatic called Herostratus. When Alexander the Great defeated the Persian forces at the Battle of Granicus in 334 BCE, the Greek cities of Asia Minor were liberated. As the river Cayster silted up the harbor, the resulting marshes caused malaria and many deaths among the inhabitants. Ephesus revolted after the treacherous death of Agathocles, giving the Syrian king Seleucus I Nicator an opportunity for removing and killing Lysimachus, his last rival, at the Battle of Corupedium in 281 BCE. When the Seleucid king Antiochus III the Great tried to regain the Greek cities of Asia Minor, he came in conflict with Rome. When Augustus became emperor in 27 BCE, he made Ephesus instead of Pergamum the capital of proconsular Asia, which covered western Asia Minor. The city was famed for the Temple of Artemis (Diana), who had her chief shrine there, the Library of Celsus, and its theatre, which was capable of holding 25,000 spectators. Ephesus remained the most important city of the Byzantine Empire in Asia after Constantinople in the 5th and 6th centuries.
The importance of the city as a commercial center declined as the harbor was slowly silted up by the river (today, KA?A§A?k Menderes) despite repeated dredging during the city's history. Sackings by the Arabs first in the year 654-655 by caliph Muawiyah I, and later in 700 and 716 hastened the decline further. The town knew again a short period of flourishing during the 14th century under these new Seljuk rulers.
Anatolia was associated with John one of the chief apostles, and the Gospel of John might have been written in Ephesus, c 90-100. Two decades later, the church at Ephesus there was still important enough to be addressed by a letter written by Bishop Ignatius of Antioch to the Ephesians in the early 2nd century AD, that begins with, "Ignatius, who is also called Theophorus, to the Church which is at Ephesus, in Asia, deservedly most happy, being blessed in the greatness and fullness of God the Father, and predestinated before the beginning of time, that it should be always for an enduring and unchangeable glory" (Letter to the Ephesians). The house of the Virgin Mary, about 7 km (4 mi) from SelA§uk, is believed to have been the last home of Mary, mother of Jesus.
The Church of Mary close to the harbor of Ephesus was the setting for the Third Ecumenical Council in 431, which resulted in the condemnation of Nestorius. The Library of Celsus, the faA§ade of which has been carefully reconstructed from all original pieces, was built ca. The Temple of Artemis, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, is represented only by one inconspicuous column, revealed during an archaeological excavation by the British Museum in the 1870s.
The Odeon was a small roofed theate constructed by Vedius Antonius and his wife around 150 CE. The Temple of Hadrian dates from the 2nd century but underwent repairs in the 4th century and has been reerected from the surviving architectural fragments.
At an estimated 44,000 seating capacity, the Theater is believed to be the largest outdoor theater in the ancient world. The history of archaeological research in Ephesus stretches back to 1863, when British architect John Turtle Wood, sponsored by the British Museum, began to search for the Artemision. Known to the west as Whirling Dervishes, the Mevlevi Order was founded by Mevlana Rumi in the 13th century. Felt Making Workshop in Istanbul,elt is a non-woven cloth that is produced by matting, condensing and pressing woollen fibres. The present size of the Jewish Community is estimated at around 26,000 according to the Jewish Virtual Library. Les Arts Turcs Photo Safari Tour,istanbul,turkey,estambul,photo safari tour,Istanbul is an enchanting city of ancient beauty and modern charm . Let the experts and artists of Les Arts Turcs take you on a tour of this diverse city, specially tailored for the photographer or videographer. Unlike the tsunami resulting from underwater earthquakes or landslides, and gaining a greater height in shallow water, the emergence of "killer waves" is not associated with catastrophic geophysical events. These waves can occur at low winds and a relatively weak disturbance, which leads to the idea that the phenomenon of "killer waves" is related to the changes in the characteristics of the waves and their transformation prirasprostranenii in the ocean. For a long time wandering waves were considered fantasy, because they did not fit into any of the mathematical model and the behavior of the waves (from the point of view of classical oceanography, waves higher than 20.7 meters to exist in Earth's oceans can not). Morning, February 7, 1933 on the USS "Ramapo", which was bound from Manila to San Diego, collapsed wave height of 34 meters. In April 1966, in the middle of the Atlantic transatlantic cruise ship Michelangelo was subjected to shock waves white, two passengers was washed into the sea, 50 were wounded. Since the principles of shipbuilding has changed, handling, stability and strength of the ships have grown considerably. However, stories about the killer waves were more and more, and only recently began to be taken seriously.
In 1840, during his expedition French explorer Dumont d'Urville (1792-1842) saw a huge 35-meter wave, as reported at the meeting, and the French Geographical Society.
The rapid development of navigation and sailing in the next century and a half has provided ample evidence of the existence of unusual giant waves, similar to that observed Urville - killer waves. According to eyewitnesses who miraculously survived such waves occur suddenly, last only a few seconds, and often carry a death.
During the largest search in the history of navigation was found only a few wrecks so shabby boat, which hung on the waves of an ocean.
In conclusion, marine vessels cause unusual phenomenon was called the bad weather, but no word on what it was for the phenomenon. Giant solitary wave height of 20-30 (and sometimes more) meters, resulting in the ocean and having the uncharacteristic behavior of the waves. These "killer waves" dangerous to ships and offshore structures: design of the vessel, who met with a wave, probably not withstand the enormous pressure of the rushing water on it, and the ship will sink in a matter of minutes.
In the Age of Discovery, when many ships set sail, did not return back to the port taverns went for a walk the incredible stories of the mysterious natural phenomenon. The course of the vessel was slackening to the smallest, it was heard on the steering wheel and well "recoup" the surge.
Seriously the study of freak waves took only once in the same 1980, the same year he captured the daredevil freak waves during its attack on the oil tanker Esso Langbedoc. Now scientists have evidence (and for this was soon followed by others), they had to revise their views and, despite the impossibility of mathematical modeling of such waves to acknowledge their existence. While skeptics still was enough, however, the experts were grim statistics: According to their estimates from 1968 to 1994, killer waves destroyed some 200 ships, among them - 22 huge supertanker (and very hard to kill a supertanker) sank more than 600 people. It was also revealed that the killer waves have nothing to do with the tsunami, which appear as a result of seismic events and gaining maximum height only at the coast, or to the ordinary waves, which are generated by a powerful storm. November 10, 1975 freighter Edmund Fitzerald, transporting goods for the steel industry fell on Lake Superior in a terrible storm.
Killer waves have been the subject of attention for a number of international organizations dealing with the safety of ships and offshore structures, such as the International Association of Classification Societies. According to the observations of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of the USA (NOAA), killer waves are dissipated and does not dissipate. February 14, 1982 a wave height of about 27.5 meters forced a window control center at the Ocean Ranger. In 2000, the EU initiated the launch of international research project on the killer waves called MaxWave («Maximum wave").
The conclusion that the killer waves occur in the ocean is much more common than previously thought, which came the European Space Agency (ESA) and confirmed by independent measurements of waves in the South Atlantic, can radically change the approach to the safety standards of construction and operation of offshore oil platforms and tankers. Nature is full of pictures, and they are to be found in what appears to the uninitiated the most unlikely places.
ON A SUNNY JUNE MORNING in 1903, Lily White ventured beyond the comfort of her new houseboat, the Raysark, anchored in a snug harbor on the Columbia River near Lyle, Washington.1 With stray hairs blowing about her face, she sped away in a small gasoline-powered launch for the ten-mile crossing to The Dalles, on the Oregon side of the river, in search of a boat mechanic. Refitting the pipe joints this time with greater difficulty in the dark, and replacing the needle valve, I tried to start the engine.
WHILE THE FAMILY STORIES of Lily White and Sarah Ladd have little in common, their lives intertwined in a friendship that lasted throughout their adult years. WHEN THE FIFTH ANNUAL Oregon Camera Club exhibit opened on October 30, 1899, at the club's rooms on the second floor of the Oregonian building, three hundred photographs a€” arranged alphabetically and lit by electric lights a€” hung on a background of green burlap, surrounded by wood ferns, draperies, and banners of the stars and stripes. Art, love of the beautiful, ambitions to excel has raised the standard of the Camera Club's work high among amateurs.
Included in Ladd's six displayed prints were A Japanese Phantasy, Silent the Phantom Wood by Waters Deep, a bucolic forest scene, and Youth and Old Age, an image portraying a butterfly amid the opened seedpods of an aging plant. TOWARD THE END of the nineteenth century, photographic salons, where a rigorous jurying process approved only the most artistic work, appeared in Europe and the United States. IN THE SPRING OF 1903, White's custom-built houseboat, the Raysark, was towed up the Columbia River rapids by the steamer Regulator, and White and her friends were now free to explore the bays and inlets of the upper river. White and Ladd intended to photograph their surroundings and develop and print the results in the Raysark's darkroom. BEGINNING IN JANUARY 1905, as entrepreneurs focused on promoting Oregon and the Lewis and Clark Exposition in Portland, Ladd's and White's photographs of the Columbia River Gorge began appearing in the Pacific Monthly, a magazine owned and published by Ladd's husband Charles. Ladd's images included a cloud-shrouded Mount Hood and photographs titled Celilo Falls, Morning Mists, St.
It was a romantic, visual tour to entice people to experience the basalt ledges and peaks of the Gorge and the serenity of the river. FEW ARTISTIC PHOTOGRAPHERS of this era were able to devote themselves fulltime to making photographs. Sarah Ladd, A Fish Wheel is Shown at the right Extending from an Island near the Middle of the river. SARAH LADD WAS FIFTY-EIGHT years old when her husband died on March 20, 1920, at age sixty-three.
I wish to thank Terry Toedtemeier for introducing me to the work of Lily White and Sarah Ladd and also Wayne Travillion, Lily White's grandnephew, for his generosity in providing information about White's family background. Content in the History Cooperative database is intended for personal, noncommercial use only. Michael Heath-Caldwell M.Arch - HMS IllustriousFeb - March - April 1948 Diary  This is a secret document during Hostilities.
The following images show dimensions and placement for an Elco 80' PT boat bridge and chart house, in particular for an early 103 class. NOTE: The Detail Specifications are based on Specifications for Motor Torpedo Boats PT 103 to 138 design No. Detail Specifications For Building Motor Torpedo Boats, March 1944, provides the builders specifications for PT 565-624. Superstructure shall be of simple form, all straight sided and plumb, except the raked and angled forward end of radio house and bridge shelter.
The trunk above crew's dayroom shall be built with framed-up plywood side and ends, and top only being removable, to permit unshipping fuel tanks. Top shall be molded plastic or fabricated plywood, covered with aeroplane fabric, doped on, and is provided with means of securely bolting to sides and making watertight transverse joints. The radio and chart house shall be constructed in general the same as the after trunk, but shall have permanently fixed top.
House tops shall have heat insulation of Onazote or equal to within about 8 inches of house sides. A wind deflecting airfoil shall be installed over and slightly forward of the steering station.
Watertight doors shall be fabricated of aluminum and plywood, with rubber gaskets and specially designed hinges and quick-operating dogs, located as per plan.
All ports shall be of special type with improved drain pans and scuppers, except in crew's dayroom and chart house sides which shall be fitted with hinged metal ports with integral black-out shutters and equipped with wire mesh insect screens satisfactory to the Supervisor of Shipbuilding. Black-out shutters shall be provided throughout boat, including screens for fixed and hinged windows and ventilators.
The flooring in the chart house shall be mechanically portable, also a section of the chart house roof, approximately 30 by 54 inches for removal of the potable water tank described above. Chapter 1 takes place between February and September 1933, and introduces young Woody Hazelbaker as a junior member of a Wall Street law firm in trouble thanks to the Depression. When Woody Hazelbaker got there at the end of the 1920s, he thought it grand, even after the breadlines that followed the Stock Market Crash in October a€?29: New York was Americaa€™s greatest and most bustling city, its port the gateway to the world. Owney Madden was no scientific genius like Professor Moriarty, but he handled things the same way. In Chapter 2, during the autumn of 1933, Woodya€™s deepening involvement with Owney Madden jars his cultural preconceptions loose when he visits the flagship of Maddena€™s nightclubs, the Cotton Club in Harlem. Club DeLuxe opened in 1920 at 142nd and Lenox Avenue, but Owney Madden bought it three years later and turned it into the Cotton Club, offering not only booze but the best jazz to be had, launching meteoric careers for Fletcher Henderson, Duke Ellington, Cab Calloway, and others. Bleecka€™s had opened as a speakeasy in the mid a€™20s, and though ruled with an iron hand by its irascible owner Jack Bleeck, it was instantly and permanently adopted by the newspapera€™s editors and reporters. Bleecka€™s saloon was a few paces from the Herald Tribunea€™s back door, a stonea€™s throw from Seventh Avenue.
Nevertheless Walker and Beebe become important resources about New York social life for Woody, their perspectives stretching from the 1920s into the a€™40s.
Prohibition ends December 5th, 1933, just about when Harvard Club librarian Earle Walbridge a€” later a€?The Sussex Vampire,a€? BSI, and at his death in 1962 the only man whoa€™d attended every BSI dinner back to its a€?first formal meetinga€? in June a€™34 a€” takes Woody to Christ Cellaa€™s speakeasy on East 45th Street, where he meets Christopher Morley and some of his friends just as the nascent Baker Street Irregulars are about to burst out into the open. In Chapter 3, over the winter, Woody is incurably bitten by the Sherlock Holmes bug, but his work for Owney Madden is not done. New York Police Commissioner Grover Whalen estimated in 1929 that there were 32,000 illegal speakeasies in the city. It will take all of $5.00 to pay for a dinner for two at Christ Cellaa€™s little hideaway restaurant in the basement of a brownstone front at 144 East Forty-fifth Street, just a block from Grand Central Palace.
Cella, sleek, brown-eyed and chunky, is a born innkeeper, though he gives mural painting as his profession. But in the early 1930s it was a speakeasy, where around a table in the kitchen Chris Morley and his Three-Hour Lunch Club friends met to drink, laugh and talk, gestating The Baker Street Irregulars.
He sat back and sipped the drink that Chris brought him, watching the room through half-closed eyes. The crew Woody met that day were about to bring the BSI out into the open, once Repeal took effect. In Chapter 4, stretching from spring to autumn, 1934, a chance meeting with Lucius Beebe at Bleecka€™s propels Woody into a more cosmopolitan circle at the Plaza Hotela€™s Mena€™s Bar. It still exists a€” known now as the Oak Room: a€?by far the hotela€™s most significantly historic space, virtually unchanged since the day the Plaza opened for business, Oct. It was then known as the Mena€™s Bar, an all-male enclave said to be the favorite room of the hotela€™s architect, Henry J.
For the next 70 years, it was patronized by some of the most celebrated folk of the 20th century.
Alsop was younger than me, short and pudgy with a pale face and dark-rimmed glasses beneath thin brown hair. When the National Organization for Women decided to challenge the men-only policies at restaurants and clubs, it chose the Oak Room, which refused to serve women at lunch on weekdays, as a test case, knowing the kind of upscale publicity it would lend to the cause. The Mena€™s Bar Oak Room is sadly the only venue this chapter that still exists (with a close escape a few years ago when the Plazaa€™s barbarian redeveloper intended to gut it). If Ia€™d seen the place empty I might have wondered what the fuss was about, but it was busy when we arrived. Shake well with ice cubes and dash of orange bitters, twist of lemon peel and just a touch of sugar. Owner John Perona and maA®tre da€™ Frank Carino made El Morocco, once a speakeasy, the place to go and be seen for all manner of celebrities, including Broadway and Hollywood stars. People kept stopping by to speak to Beebe, hoping to find themselves in his column the next day. I must have snickered, because he went on reprovingly: a€?Believe it or not, fortunes and careers are made by sitting at the right table. Beebe basked, and started to reply, when suddenly behind me a silvery voice spoke out of the blue.
In Chapter 5, December 1934 through the next several months, Woody attends the first Baker Street Irregulars dinner at Christ Cellaa€™s and solidifies his position in Chris Morleya€™s BSI. Suddenly, with an explosive burst so nobody would miss his entrance, Alexander Woollcott arrived. Chapter 6 stretches from the spring of 1935 to New Yeara€™s Eve in 1936, more than a year and a half of political turbulence in America, and in Woodya€™s life as well.
Woody attends the a€™36 annual dinner at Christ Cellaa€™s a€” neither he nor anyone else there realizing that it will be the last for four years. In the early 1930s the New Schoola€™s snazzy new Greenwich Village building, with an informal left-wing faculty and ties to outfits like the John Reed Clubs, was just the place for a Wall Street lawyer to validate his anti-Wall Street feelings, as long as he could duck.
Chris Morley looked down the table at me, elbows propped up on it and chin resting on tented hands.
After taking Diana to see After the Thin Man on New Yeara€™s Eve, he finds himself finally, truly, completely alone with Diana a€” and this time all escape cut off.
And Diana snatched the paper from me, dropped it on top of the others, and pushed the entire stack off onto the floor. The consolation of BSI seems to be denied: there is no Annual Dinner in 1937 (nor will be in 1938 either).
Pratt stood only 5'3", had thin receding red hair, and wore round-rimmed eyeglasses with tinted lenses. In 1937 even Irregulars have foreign dangers on their minds, and not just those convening at the Mena€™s Bar Sundays for martinis and chicken soup. The British Empire may no longer be able to regard itself, as it reasonably could until 1914, as the leading power of the world; since we let opportunity slip through our fingers in the early twenties, it may be doubted if the world has had any leading power, which may be one of the things that is the matter with it. When the crisis that ended with the abdication of Edward VIII had been quickly and smoothly settled the English indulged in a good deal of excusable self-congratulation. Americans are not particularly proud of their countrya€™s isolation from world politics, but do not see what else can be done about it at the moment.
People who try to describe the Czechoslovak Republic in its nineteenth year seem driven to metaphor.
Diana has her own response: use her family money to fund groups opposed to Nazi aggression.
Everyone did after Benny Goodman took the Paramount Theater by storm, people clamoring for tickets nearly rioting in Sixth Avenue. The first time I heard them do a€?Moonglowa€? it was three in the morning, Diana and me listening to the sweet haunting music through a dreamlike haze of smoke and alcohol.
Bleecka€™s had opened as a speakeasy in the mid a€™20s, and thoughA  ruled with an iron hand by its irascible owner Jack Bleeck, it was instantly and permanently adopted by the newspapera€™s editors and reporters. A A A  Cella, sleek, brown-eyed and chunky, is a born innkeeper, though he gives mural painting as his profession.
A A A  He sat back and sipped the drink that Chris brought him, watching the room through half-closed eyes. After lunch you will visit The House of Virgin Mary, where it is believed she spent her last days. The oval shaped stadium was built during the time of Emperor Neron and located to the south of the Vedius Gymnasium. In 1954 a burial ground from the Mycenaean era (1500-1400 BCE) with ceramic pots was discovered close to the ruins of the basilica of St. The mythical founder of the city was a prince of Athens named Androklos, who had to leave his country after the death of his father, King Kadros.
There are numerous sites to suggest the movement of a settlement between the Bronze Age and the Roman period, but the silting up of the natural harbors as well as the movement of the Kayster River meant that the location never remained the same.
But when taxes continued to be raised under Cambyses II and Darius, the Ephesians participated in the Ionian Revolt against Persian rule in the Battle of Ephesus (498 BCE), an event which instigated the Greco-Persian wars. The inhabitants of Ephesus at once set about restoring the temple and even planned a larger and grander one than the original. The pro-Persian tyrant Syrpax and his family were stoned to death, and Alexander was greeted warmly when he entered Ephesus in triumph. The people of Ephesus were forced to move to a new settlement two kilometers further on, when the king flooded the old city by blocking the sewers. After the murder of king Antiochus II Theos and his Egyptian wife, pharaoh Ptolemy III invaded the Seleucid Empire and the Egyptian fleet swept the coast of Asia Minor.
After a series of battles, he was defeated by Scipio Asiaticus at the Battle of Magnesia in 190 BCE. This open-air theater was used initially for drama, but during later Roman times gladiatorial combats were also held on its stage, with the first archaeological evidence of a gladiator graveyard found in May 2007. The Byzantines resumed control in 1100 and changed the name of the town to Hagios Theologos. They added important architectural works such as the A°sa Bey Mosque, caravansaries and Turkish bathhouses (hamam). The Central Asian warlord Tamerlane defeated the Ottomans in Anatolia in 1402, and the Ottoman sultan Bayezid I died in captivity. From AD 52-54, Paul lived in Ephesus, working with the congregation and apparently organizing missionary activity into the hinterlands.
Ephesus was one of the seven cities addressed in Revelation (2:1a€“7), indicating that the church at Ephesus was still strong. The church at Ephesus had given their support for Ignatius, who was taken to Rome for execution.
A Second Council of Ephesus was held in 449, but its controversial acts were never approved by the Catholics.
John, was built in the 6th century CE, under emperor Justinian I over the supposed site of the apostle's tomb. Some fragments of the frieze (which are insufficient to suggest the form of the original) and other small finds were removed a€“ some to London and some to the Archaeological Museum, Istanbul. The reliefs in the upper sections are casts, the originals being now exhibited in the SelA§uk Archaeological Museum. The story of the Seven Sleepers, who are considered saints by Catholics, Orthodox Christians and Muslims, tells that they were persecuted because of their belief in God and that they slept in a cave near Ephesus for centuries. In 1869 he discovered the pavement of the temple, but since further expected discoveries were not made the excavations stopped in 1874. Explore Old Istanbul, from the ancient tradition of the Turkish bath to the mystic Whirling Dervishes, from the Egyptian Spice Market to the trade secrets of the Silk Road linking Europe with China.
Calligraphy Lesson in Istanbul,Ottoman - Turkish Calligraphy, also known as Arabic calligraphy, is the art of writing, and by extension, of bookmaking.
While some types of felt are very soft, some are tough enough to form construction materials. We will transfer to your hotel MINA Hotel ,3 Days Hotel and Tour Reservation in Istanbul,Discover Istanbul with us. The vast majority live in Istanbul, with a community of about 2,500 in A°zmir and other smaller groups located in the rest of Turkey.
We can show you the photogenic side of Istanbul - the mesmerizing blur of dervishes in their whirling dance, the dazzle of the wares of the bazaar, the delicate beauty of long-forgotten gems of classical architecture hidden in the maze of city streets, the serene faces of old men relaxing in the smoke-filled haze of a teahouse, birds-eye views of Istanbula€™s scenic panoramas. Cabin boy, christened by the storm, and battered sailors told of a terrible and unknown force, which appears on the high seas out of nowhere and destroys the ship in an instant. Wave struck «Queen Mary» in the side, a little more and the ship could literally roll bottom up.
British Navy cruiser "Birmingham" falls into a deep hole, and then his nose falls giant wave. His ship is cracked in the middle: it seemed that someone had taken a huge butcher's ax and cut it to the ship right in the middle. 40 crew members and 10 passengers were saved, and Captain Carlson was on a ship and sent telegrams. Being in the middle of the ocean, "Munich" suddenly sent a distress signal, and fifteen seconds later the signal was lost.
They occur not only during stormy weather, but also in light winds and relatively small waves. But an even greater number of smaller vessels (trawlers, pleasure yachts) at a meeting with the killer waves just disappear without a trace, not even having time to send a distress signal.
By nightfall, the ship unforeseen problems: a storm knocked out the radar and damaged the ship itself. Technical rules and safety standards developed by these organizations are, as a rule, a recommendation to the relevant national institutions. Before it goes trough several meters - the "hole in the sea." The wave height is usually specified as the distance between the highest point of the ridge down to the lowest point of the basin.
Water flooded the control panel and all computer systems, ballast tanks, a stabilized platform, out of order, and it capsized. Study of their properties will make adjustments to projects under construction sea liners, which is necessary due to the ever increasing tanker accidents and thus caused ecological disaster. Let the honest student then choose some district with which he is in sympathy, and let him go there quietly and spend a few months, or even weeks if he cannot spare months, and let him day and night study the effects of nature, and try to produce one picture of his own, which shall show an honest attempt to probe the mysteries of nature and art, one picture which shall show the author has something to say and knows how to say it, as perhaps no other living person could say it; that is something to have accomplished. All day the mechanics cut, turned, and fitted, making many trips to and from the workshop, until without rest or food they finished the repairs just as the sun was sinking from view.
Through their work, the Raysark became legendary, providing the two women and their friends congenial summer memories and a source of their most enduring photographs. Profiting from civic expansion projects, real estate, farming, and the burgeoning river transportation business, the Ladds became wealthy Portland bankers.
The movement nurtured amateur photographers who created artistic images purely for personal pleasure as opposed to commercial photographers who mass-produced studio portraits for profit. Judd of Pendleton donated a trophy a€” a large three-handled silver loving cup with gold lining a€” to be awarded each year for best general exhibit by an individual amateur photographer. The twenty-eight-page exhibition catalogue highlighted the club's studio in the tower of the Oregonian Building, furnished with an enlarging camera, a lantern slide-reducing camera, a stereopticon, and developing rooms. In early 1901, San Francisco opened its first photographic salon at the Mark Hopkins Institute of Art with nearly five hundred photographs, including numerous works by Sarah Ladd and Lily White's A Soul Looked In and Rest. Stieglitz could single-handedly influence a photographer's future by accepting or rejecting his or her work in exhibitions, by publishing it in Camera Notesa€” the journal of the Camera Club of New York, which he edited a€” or by returning it with his deflating comments about work being technically perfect but pictorially deficient.
White confessed to creating that setting by damming a stream and letting part of it run wild in Fulton Park, an area between Portland and the Ladd estate. Camera Craft judged Ladd's Eyes of the Earth to be the best of her five carbon prints and reproduced it with their review. Included were Ladd's A Decorative Panel, three flower studies presented as carbon prints on celluloid.37 In May 1902, the Camera Club of New York hung Ladd's work, and in July Stieglitz added Sarah Ladd to his list of photographers invited to represent the United States in the Turin International Exhibition at the Exposition of Decorative Arts in Turin, Italy. The events connected photographers from across the United States and Europe, especially when their work was reviewed and published in journals and exhibition catalogues.
Each active member contributed one print a month to a portfolio that traveled to cities where the club had members. In its regional announcement, Camera Craft emphasized the inclusion of the Secession's western members a€” Anne Brigman from California and Sarah Ladd, Lily White, and Myra Wiggins from Oregon.48 Considering the distance from New York City and the relative isolation of western states from the New York City photographic hub, the accomplishments of these women are notable.
The Columbia River became her home for creating pictures at any time of day, with rock formations, clouds, water, trees, and light creating the soft moodiness that was indicative of the photographic style of the time.
The periodical, with a circulation of six thousand by 1900 and distributed throughout the Pacific Northwest, published western fiction, humor, travelogues, literary installments, and articles about economic progress and development in the Pacific Northwest and California. Like so many photographers of flowers, Ladd created images that reflect the view that all art originates in nature and defies the complicated technical requirements to leave an impression of natural simplicity.
While these photos possessed the atmospheric content that asked viewers to contemplate the natural world a€” a popular theme of the era a€” they were reproduced to attract leisure-class tourists and potential new residents to the region.
Sarah Ladd's social obligations often required her attention, and those appearances increased when her husband Charles became involved with the 1905 Lewis and Clark Exposition, which provided an opportunity to glorify Portland's business and society and served as the culmination of personal ambitions for many of the city's elite.


About a dozen subscribers to The Nautilus have discontinued the magazine on becoming Christian Scientists. On June 9, 1908, while living in Oswego and already a member of the First Church of Christ, Scientist, in Portland, she joined The Mother Church, The First Church of Christ, Scientist, in Boston.67 A year later, she was living with Sarah and Charles Ladd at Cedarhurst and working as a Christian Science practitioner at 616 Beck Building.
Accustomed to moving on her own path, she set in motion a new course, and in July 1921 she was elected a member of the Christian Science Society in McMinnville.
Ladd was noted for her beauty and during her married life in Portland won more than local recognition because of her interest in flowers and gardening, an interest she maintained throughout her life.
White fit the archetype of the strong independent western female, while Ladd had been part of Portland's high society. I am also grateful to the staff of the Oregon Historical Society Research Library for their assistance.
Lily White probably taught photography to Fred and Oscar Kiser who, in 1903, created the Kiser Photographic Company, specializing in scenic photography.
Catalogue, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition (Portland: Oregon Camera Club, October 29a€“November 3, 1900). Constitution, Oregon Camera Club [1895], Research Library, Oregon Historical Society, Portland [hereafter OHS Research Library].
In 1899, the Oregon Industrial Exposition featured a photography exhibition judged by Ida Rae Myrick, W.
Minutes of the Oregon Camera Club, December 15, 1894a€“June 10, 1902, 57 OHS Research Library [hereafter OCC Minutes]. I maintain that many photographs attributed to Lily White were actually made by Sarah Ladd. Judith Huenneke, The Mary Baker Library, e-mail correspondence with the author, July 2, 2004. David Nartonis, Assistant for Administration, The First Church of Christ, Scientist, Boston, Massachusetts, letter to the author, June 13, 1988. You may not reproduce, publish, distribute, transmit, participate in the transfer or sale of, modify, create derivative works from, display, or in any way exploit the History Cooperative database in whole or in part without the written permission of the copyright holder. These dimensional images represent a best effort on my part, please confirm dimensions given here for yourself if errors cannot be tolerated.
Please note that this manual is a later version than the 103 class, read coverage notes below the title. 80-N-3 (dated 2 January 1942) and addenda thereto (dated 22 February 1943), as prepared by Electric Boat Company, Elco Naval Division, Bayonne, N. Horizontal bearers and keel posts to be 4 inches molded, with 3 inch diagonal braces on alternate frames in crew's quarters as per plan. Aperture for sighting radar scope to be provided to starboard of the throttle location, as approved.
Screens shall be of solid plywood type, sliding in runners for windows, and under engine room vents, to be combined with spray shields, fitted with drains to deck.
Radio and chart house.-Shall be located forward of the bridge and reached therefrom by a door with fixed window and clamping dog handle bolted on inside.
He gets a chance (and despite trepidations, takes it) to hang on by undertaking work for a clandestine client, the kind his firm would never accept in good times: bootlegger Owney Madden, and his No. What I knew about them came from Walter Winchell in the Mirror and movies like Little Caesar. Owney Madden was in the bootlegging business and everything else that went with it, including his chief aide and enforcer Big Frenchy DeMange.
Black entertainers performing for strictly white audiences reflects the eraa€™s racial segregation, but the Cluba€™s showcasing of brilliant talent helps make jazz a national treasure. Beside the entrance was a tarnished brass plaque saying a€?Artists and Writersa€? a€” the admission policy? It finally comes to an end a year after it started, with Madden retiring from the rackets in New York and departing for a new life elsewhere. Lexington Avenue could still be followed south to 45th Street; and on 45th Street Chris Cellini should still be entertaining his friends unless a tidal wave had removed him catastrophically from the trade he loved . The kitchen was the supplement to the one small dining room that the place boasteda€”it was the sanctum sanctorum, a rendezvous that was more like a club than anything else, where those who were privileged to enter found a boisterous hospitality undreamed of in the starched expensive restaurants, where the diners are merely so many intruders, to be fed at a price and bowed stiffly out again. The flash of jest and repartee, the crescendo of discussion and the ring of laughter, came to his ears like the echo of an unforgettable song. On the far side, back to the wall, was a burly man with a broad hearty face, thick brown hair, and lively eyes full of mischief. 1, 1907,a€? wrote the Times five years ago (a€?What Would Eloise Say?a€? by Curtis Gathje, Jan.
One day in February 1969, Betty Friedan and several other women swept past the Oak Rooma€™s maA®tre da€™ and sat down at a table. The Biltmore Hotel is gone, turned into office space despite protected-landmark status at the time.
I froze, then scuttled out sideways like a crab, and turned to face the most stunning girl Ia€™d ever seen. At Decembera€™s BSI dinner, he observes a Worlda€™s Champ and a Fabulous Monster, both of whom he will meet again, but more importantly he makes a new friend for life in Basil Davenport. Everybody knew his face from magazines and high piping voice from the radio a€” and some people hated both.
Woollcott and Morley might be rival bookmen, but Chris didna€™t look half as annoyed as Bob.
One of his dislikes was Alexander Woollcott, whose presence at the December 7, 1934, annual dinner Leavitt always insisted was uninvited, unwanted, and obnoxious. Woody can use one: his regained professional calm is jolted the self-possessed young heiress he met at El Morocco has daddy switch his legal work to Woody. The still young phenomenon of radio carries not only FDRa€™s reassuring Fireside Chats into American homes, but also the demagoguery of former Louisiana Governor, now Senator, Huey a€?Kingfisha€? Long, and the maverick priest Father Charles Coughlin.
Not only cana€™t he get started with Diana, he doesna€™t even seem to have her attention when theya€™re together a€” and is silly enough to look for answers in the movies, as if life were one big screwball comedy.
For some it was Shirley Temple, for others Nelson Eddy and Jeanette MacDonald, for more than you could count Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers.
Diana is beautiful and wealthy, but comes with a father-in-law whose politics Woody can barely abide.
But Woody and some others, instead of shrugging, organize occasional Irregular three-hour lunches of their own.
But into those sessions now is injected an isolationist note even Anglophiles like Elmer and Woody cana€™t ignore, from Chris Morleya€™s brother Felix, a€?the Second Garrideb,a€? editor of the Washington Post sharply critical of FDR and his policies. Elmer Davis gives up fiction to write serious foreign policy articles for Harpera€™s Magazine, about the dangers in store for an indifferent and unprepared America. Not only had they disposed of a troublesome situation with less fuss than almost any other nation would have made over ita€”the reaction abroad, they told one another, had demonstrated that all men of good will realized that the stability of England was vitally essential to the stability of a somewhat unsteady world. You still meet Europeans who ask you why America does not come into the League and help to do something about world peace; but most of them, after recent collapses of the system of collective security, know why, and only wish that they could do as we do.
President BenA?s, in his radio broadcast last Christmas Eve, said that a€?Czechoslovakia stands like a lighthouse high on a cliff with the waves crashing around ita€”a democracy that has the mission to keep the flag of peace, freedom, and toleration flying in Central Europe.a€? The propaganda German radio stations and newspapers have been pouring out for months sees the country as a a€?sally port of Bolshevism,a€? And K. Then you will visit the world famous ancient Greco-Roman City of Ephesus, the most well preserved example in the world.
The Gate of Mazaeus and Mithridates has been restored and is the most beautiful entrance to the Agora. According to legend, he founded Ephesus on the place where the oracle of Delphi became reality ("A fish and a boar will show you the way"). Pausanius mentions that the temple was built by Ephesus, son of the river god Caystrus before the arrival of the Ionians.
After the Persians defeated Croesus the Ionians offered to make peace, but Cyrus insisted that they surrender and become part of the empire.
In 479 BCE, the Ionians, together with Athens and Sparta, were able to oust the Persians from Anatolia. When Alexander saw that the temple of Artemis was not yet finished, he proposed to finance it and have his name inscribed on the front. As a result, Ephesus came under the rule of the Attalid king of Pergamon Eumenes II (197-133 BCE).
It became the seat of the governor, growing into a metropolis and a major center of commerce. The population of Ephesus also had several major bath complexes, built at various points while the city was under Roman rule. In 406 John Chrysostom, archbishop of Constantinople, ordered the destruction of the Temple of Artemis.[20] Emperor Flavius Arcadius raised the level of the street between the theatre and the harbour. The loss of its harbor caused Ephesus to lose its access to the Aegean Sea, which was important for trade. Ayasoluk became an important harbour, from whence the navy organised raids to the surrounding regions.
He became embroiled in a dispute with artisans, whose livelihood depended on selling the statuettes of Artemis in the Temple of Artemis (Acts 19:23a€“41). It came to be called the Robber Council of Ephesus or Robber Synod of Latrocinium by its opponents.
The ruins that are visible give some idea of the city's original splendor, and the names associated with the ruins are evocative of its former life. Designed with an exaggerated entrance a€” so as to enhance its perceived size, speculate many historians a€” the building faces east so that the reading rooms could make best use of the morning light. A number of figures are depicted in the reliefs, including the emperor Theodosius I with his wife and eldest son. In 1895 German archaeologist Otto Benndorf, financed by a 10,000 guilder donation made by Austrian Karl Mautner Ritter von Markhof, resumed excavations.
Each of these intimate half-day and full-day tours will immerse you in a unique aspect of Turkish history and culture.Get expert help choosing the best hotels for yor needs and budget for your stay in A°stanbul and Turkey, Fethiye, Antalya, Marmaris, Bodrum, A°zmir, Gaziantep, Canakkale, Cappadocia, Black Sea, Gallipoli, Ephesus, East Turkey. Turkish Music Lesson in Istanbu,The last august 2004 I stayed in Istanbul, during a holiday trip. Sephardic Jews make up approximately 96% of Turkey's Jewish population, while the rest are primarily Ashkenazic. With your own private guide, you will know where to go, when to go, how to get there and exactly how to get the most out of your visit a€“ from behind the lens. Calligraphy is especially revered among Islamic arts since it was the primary means for the preservation of the Qur'an.Ottoman Turkish calligraphy is associated with geometric Islamic art on the walls and ceilings of mosques as well as on the page. A single wave-killer, appears out of nowhere and disappear into nowhere before her time to fix. Cruise ship «Queen Elizabeth» falls into a deep ravine, and undergoes two consecutive powerful surge that cause serious damage to the bridge - at the height of twenty meters above the waterline.
As recorded by the commander, the ship deck, located at a height of eighteen meters above sea level, is filled with water up to their knees. British tugs tried to take the injured vessel for more than 600 kilometers in English Falmouth, but when left to the coast 60 km, Flying Enterprise sank.
The pride of the German merchant fleet, the supertanker "Munich" was going at full speed through the storm in the Atlantic. Suddenly, at 13 h 01 min fore some down, and suddenly the very stem at an angle of 10-15 degrees to the course of the vessel was seen a single wave crest, which rose by nearly 5 m above the tank (tank defended bulwark of the water level by 11 meters ). Severe damage from the giant waves receives floating drilling rig "Veslefrikk B", owned by Statoil. In going to New York cruise liner "Queen Elizabeth 2" falls into a hurricane and takes on the nose of the shock wave height twenty-nine meters.
Floating production platform "Shihellion" BP Amoco subject to an impact giant wave that carries her dead tank superstructure at the height of eighteen meters above water level. Adopting a distress signal from the yacht within 600 miles of the port of Cork Irish, British cruise liner "Oriana" is hit high waves twenty-one meter. Passengers of cruise liner "Bremen" and "Star of Caledonia" then told the court allegedly got into the cavity between the giant waves. Cruise ship Norwegian Dawn, a huge 300-meter long ship with 2500 passengers on board was going to New York to the Bahamas.
On the first day of the new year was precipitated platform 10-meter waves, and this was not unusual. Only the first three weeks of the satellites have recorded a dozen killer waves height of about 30 meters! Haver, height killer waves can exceed 10-20% threshold specified by the statistics of the wave, which is included in the construction of oil platforms. Remember that your photograph is a rough index of your mind; it is a sort of rough confession on paper.
She must make her own landing and arrive on the high deck of the wharf as best she could and under fire from a regiment of critical eyes. Early amateur photographers such as White and Ladd, who had leisure time and economic freedom, undertook their work not for money, but for creative adventure.
Ayer a€” a Portland bookseller, stationer, and printer a€” and lived in her grandfather's home at 348 Fourth Street. Amateurs often printed their work on paper coated with light-sensitive platinum rather than ordinary silver coatings, and making carbon prints became popular with Camera Club enthusiasts in Portland.
A photographer had to win the competition three times in order to keep the Judd Cup and have his or her name inscribed on it. Beach, general manager of the Interchange, each camera club must prepare 50 to 125 slides, each 3A? inches by 4 inches. Her Bridge of Hope, taken from her houseboat near Castle Rock that summer, recorded a rainbow, which was considered an unusual achievement for a photographer.32 White also exhibited several photographs of Native Americans, including A Shadow of the Past, which depicted a mother and her baby. After each member wrote comments about the prints, they were sent to the next city until eventually they returned to the owners. White and Ladd remained Photo-Secession members at least through 1905.49 Overall, the camera club structure and amateur movement created a symbiotic relationship, in this case a vertical one, scaled by Lily White and Sarah Ladd.
Steamers from Portland conveyed guests to and from her boat, which was often anchored near Lyle, Washington, a busy shipping port for wheat and sheep eighty-two miles east of Portland. While White's darkroom-equipped houseboat was probably unique to Portland and the Columbia River Gorge, it was not an original idea. With this latest technology, the two friends could wait for the clouds to form, the water to calm, and reflections to appear. Telegraph poles peer below the looming cliff of White's Upper Cape Horn, Near Celilo Falls of the Columbia. Photographs in the Pacific Monthly appeared with the descriptive titles or local literary connections that were commonly used by photographers but were also likely to appeal to tourists. When making flower photographs, there were aesthetic considerations of composition and lighting along with the formal qualities connected to the photographers' intentions, from the desire to portray botanical specimens to romantic associations, emotions, or beauty. Ladd and White had become successful, benefiting from the prestige associated with their work and maintaining their economic independence by making artistic photographs for commercial projects. The Ladds attended a banquet to honor the arrival of Vice President Charles Fairbanks, for example, and joined a thousand people at an opening reception of the American Inn, which Charles Ladd built on the fairgrounds.63 The festive activities offered quite a contrast to Sarah Ladd's life on the river.
Elizabeth Struble Towne, born in Portland in 1865 (one year before White), was a follower of Quimby's and the publisher of the Nautilus, an influential periodical associated with New Thought.
On June 2, 1911, Ladd joined White as a member of the Mother Church of the First Church of Christ Scientist in Boston.69 In July, she and nine other women organized the Carlton Civic Improvement Association.
Together, they joined the local Christian Science Church, where they remained members until their deaths. Each had a photographic and aesthetic vision that gave them the same status as the men who photographed the Columbia River at the same time, and both adopted a religion that allowed them to take prominent roles that were not permissible in traditional religions. The Kiser brothers grew up on the Columbia River opposite Beacon Rock, near Dodson, Oregon, where White would sometimes stop.
The lectures were available after the club renewed its membership with the American Lantern Slide interchange in 1901. The slides most preferred by the Interchange board of managers were cloudy landscapes, figures studies, and genre subjects. According to Penrose Annuals from this time period, Photoloid was introduced as a print material that would give a "true carbon [look] unattended with the great labor and care that the latter requires. Given that Bell's intention was to organize the Salon Club as a challenge to Alfred Stieglitz and his Photo-Secession, it is interesting to note the inclusion of Sarah Ladd and the initial listing of Myra Wiggins, both Photo-Secession members.
Twenty-two-year-old Oscar Kiser disappeared on Saturday, November 4, 1905, from the Charles Ladd boathouse at Riverdale, where he worked as the caretaker. Ladd left $3,000 to the Christian Science Society of McMinnville for the maintenance of their grounds and set aside $1,500 for a drinking fountain in Carlton in memory of her husband.
From 1930, Lily White lived on Scenic Drive between Martin Way and Carmel Point with Mabel Spicker. Images are for non-commercial personal use only, please obtain permission for any other use. J., with the minimum modifications made by the Bureau of Ships to make the hull specifications applicable to PT 565-624 Class. Flooring, except in tank compartment and chart house, shall be balsa-core aluminum covered panels having all edges sealed against moisture. The deck level shall extend inside the chart house on the sides and forward, to form a continuous working table surrounding the floor space. Member of Hudson Dusters gang, convicted twice of safecracking with 13 arrests total, including one for murder.
And as winter approaches Woody makes a third discovery that will change his life for good, this time at the Harvard Club library: Vincent Starretta€™s brand-new and magically evocative book, The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes.
Ellingtona€™s a€?Cotton Club Stompa€? captured the beat and drive as well as the venue and era. Astora€™s Horse (1935) are available today; The Night Club Era especially evokes the New York popular culture in which the BSI gestated and was being born in the early a€™Thirties. Woody has weathered the Depressiona€™s worst year and learned a lot a€” but the ending of his clandestine association with Owney and Frenchy DeMange leaves him feeling blue. One was opened in a brownstone at 144 East 45th Street in 1926 by an Italian immigrant named Christopher Cella, whose boyhood friend Mike Fischetti was on the NYPDa€™s a€?Italian Squad,a€? one of the toughest cops in town.
Although there were no familiar faces seated round the big communal table, the Saint felt the reawakening of an old happiness as he stepped into the brightly lighted room, with the smell of tobacco and wine and steaming vegetables and the clatter of plates and pans. It was the same as it had always beena€”the same humorous camaraderie presided over and kept vigorously alive by Chrisa€™s own unchanging geniality. Its German Renaissance design features walls of sable-dyed English oak, frescoes of Bavarian castles, faux wine casks carved into the woodwork and a grape-laden chandelier topped by a barmaid hoisting a stein.
Cohan, the Broadway hyphenate, a composer-playwright-actor-producer-theater owner, and the only person ever awarded a Congressional Medal of Honor for a song, the rousing World War I anthem, a€?Over There.a€? Cohan made the Oak Room his pre-theater headquarters, his preferred table being a booth in its northwest corner.
There was an air of privilege about him even in the way he held his drink and his cigarette.
The waitersa€™ response was to remove the table, leaving the women sitting awkwardly in a circle. Banquettes along the walls, and backs and seats of chairs, were in the blue zebra print identifying El Morocco in newspaper pictures. At a podium outside the arch, the maA®tre da€™ greeted us and led us inside, where Beebe was perched on a stool watching a bartender perform with a cocktail shaker.
On his favor and discretion hang feuds, romances, careers, ambitions, the very foundations of the most bitterly jealous and competitive social hierarchy of our generation. She looked at me with indignation, rubbing the top of one gold-sandaled foot against the back of her other ankle.
His acquaintance with Elmer Davis moves beyond the BSI into other realms, and Woody comes to understand what Morley had told him: they do all have Sherlock Holmes in common, but the BSI is primarily about friendship. But a September 9, 1938, letter from Elmer Davis to Vincent Starrett gives a different impression: an older friend of Morleya€™s than Leavitt, Davis took up merrily with Woollcott that night.
While Elmer Davis worries about a native despot poised for the a€™36 elections, Woodya€™s worries are closer to home.
For me, it was one romantic comedy of William Powella€™s after another until my mind turned to mush.
Yet Ambrose Converse is also his most important client now, as if Jimmy Stewart had gone to work for old buzzard Potter in Ita€™s a Wonderful Life. The big stories were the Prince of Walesa€™ abdication, Italy invading Ethiopia, and FDRa€™s new term.
Four columns were marching on the city with a a€?fifth columna€? inside it waiting to strike like a snake. To Basil Davenport, Peter Greig, Earle Walbridge, and Dave Randall are added two more, one a kinsprit already, the other someone who will become important to Woody as the world drifts closer to war. Wiry and muscular, with a neatly clipped mustache, he resembled a wary bird whoa€™d bite off any finger poked in his direction.
I believe that every democratic nation in Europe today would get out of Europe and stay out if it could; out of the neighborhood of Germany . But for them both, 1937 is their newlywed year a€” out on the town, taking in the movies, seeking out the coolest jive joints with the hottest jazz, and going dancing with the Age of Swing in full blast. One night I overheard a callow youth say something to his girl about a€?shaming the old folks off the floor,a€? and realized in dismay that he meant me. He said he could play drunk because he practiced drunk, and he sure could play, but we were watching self-destruction right before our eyes. We went on that way into 1938, celebrating our first anniversary without even a BSI dinner to break the mood. One of the most interesting buildings in Ephesus, the Serapis Temple, is located right to the west of the Agora. This was the period of the Mycenaean Expansion when the Achaioi (as they were called by Homer) settled in Ahhiyawa during the 14th and 13th centuries BCE.
Androklos drove away most of the native Carian and Lelegian inhabitants of the city and united his people with the remainder. The city prospered again, producing a number of important historical figures, such as the iambic poet Callinus and the satirist Hipponax, the philosopher Heraclitus, the great painter Parrhasius and later the grammarian Zenodotos and physicians Soranus and Rufus.,About 560 BCE Ephesus was conquered by the Lydians under king Croesus. In 478 BCE, the Ionian cities entered with Athens and Sparta into the Delian League against the Persians. But the inhabitants of Ephesus demurred, claiming that it was not fitting for one god to build a temple to another. After Lysimachus had destroyed the nearby cities of Lebedos and Colophon in 292 BCE, he relocated their inhabitants to the new city. When his grandson Attalus III died without male children of his own, he left his kingdom to the Roman Republic.
In 88 BCE Ephesus welcomed Archelaus, a general of Mithridates the Great, king of Pontus, when he conquered western Anatolia. The city had one of the most advanced aqueduct systems in the ancient world, with multiple aqueducts of various sizes to supply different areas of the city, including 4 major aqueducts. Crusaders passing through were surprised that there was only a small village, called Ayasalouk, where they had expected a bustling city with a large seaport. After a period of unrest, the region was again incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1425.
He wrote between 53 and 57 AD the letter 1 Corinthians from Ephesus (possibly from the "Paul tower" close to the harbour, where he was imprisoned for a short time). The upper part of the theater was decorated with red granite pillars in the Corinthian style. In all those areas in Turkey you can find different variations of tour programmes from walking tour to Full package tours according to our all budget guests. 4 Days Hotel and Tour Reservation in Istanbul,There is no another city which has 2 contients in the world so are you ready to see this fabulous city ??, Vip Transfer & Rent A Car Service in Istanbul,Expertise in the automotive field, the innovative concept of quality-oriented car rental and chauffeur driven hire service as soon as possible..
This is a fatal test for even the most modern ships: the surface on which falls the giant wave may be under pressure up to 100 tonnes per square meter (and most modern vessels can withstand only up to 15 tons). Captain Henry Carlson sent a telegram that his freighter Flying Enterprise collapsed force, which he defined as a big wave. Carlson was a clever man, and ordered to pull the rope to winches on either side of the crack. 275-meter equipped with stabilizers handsome pitching to wealthy passengers without spilling a drop martini. A survey vessel of almost 300 meters destroyed the giant wave that broke through the main cargo door and flooded the hold.
Chief Officer Philip Lezhur stood on the bridge, where the wave is much higher than the rest came out of nowhere and began to approach the ship. According to one member of the crew, a few minutes before the impact, he saw a wall of water. Horizon out of sight, and for a time went along the wall of water that rose just above the upper decks. Suddenly the ship lurched sharply, and in the next moment, a huge wave crashed on its side, knocking the windows of cabins and washing overboard everything in its path.
Even more emphatically expressed authoritative British expert in the field of shipbuilding D.
When a woman will step into the world of action and do a few vigorous things for herself, she may do all the resta€”ahem! And here it was, during the time which followed, that I learned the real meaning of stillness.
In Portland, privileged men and women chartered riverboats for moonlight excursions on the Willamette and Columbia rivers and enjoyed the new sport of golf a€” and they documented their leisure activities by taking photographs. Her mother, Nancy Hoffman White, had crossed the plains from Illinois at age eleven with her parents and twelve brothers and sisters. Ladd's son, Charles Elliot, graduated from Amherst College in 1881 and brought his bride Sarah L. Lily White taught Oregon Camera Club members the latest photography and darkroom techniques, using ready-to-expose, emulsion-coated glass plate negatives and platinum paper for image-making.
Favored for its permanence and ability to produce colored prints at a time when color photography was rare, carbon printing involved exposing a negative against pigmented tissue sensitized with potassium bichromate. To select the winner, the club chose three judges a€” a professional photographer, an artist, and an amateur who was not a club member a€” to evaluate each personal grouping of photographs (at least six but not more than ten pictures mounted, with framing optional).
Individual slides had to be as technically perfect as possible, without areas too dense or too clear, matted and labeled, and without too much soot. Stieglitz's pronouncements signaled a new era, but Ladd and White's adventures on the river had already begun. White had supervised the boat's construction, and the Raysark was built to accommodate her personal needs. They might move closer to or farther away from Castle Rock (now Beacon Rock) or stand on a sandy beach. In a change from her typical landscapes, White also captured the work of fish seining on the Columbia with her photographs of horses and men grappling with the nets spread by boats.57 The exhilaration of the two women's work and the pleasures of life on the river, away from the pace of city life, contributed to a series of photographs that many believe is unmatched by other photographers. There were also many decisions to make concerning plate development, paper selection, and mounting techniques. Their first project involved working with the city council to purchase trash cans for the streets.70 Unlike White, Ladd continued to exhibit her photographs despite the changes in her life.
Living near the ocean in a creative, invigorating community of writers and artists would have supported and nurtured their interests, but their life together was not to last long. Their work as artists influenced the Oregon Camera Club, which depended on photographers whose photographs reflected their lifestyle, the artistic genre of their era, and the landscapes they cherished.
Photoloid consists of a colloid emulsion placed upon a cellulose base, from which combination the name evolved.
The same author then discussed the formation of a Western Division of the Salon Club, a group organized by photographer Curtis Bell. In 1904, Charles Ladd bought it from Jay Cooke, a railroad financier, and then sold it to Henry J.
Holman, a lawyer and amateur rose grower, suggested that every Portland home should plant roses the following spring so the plants would have three years' growth by the time the Lewis and Clark Centennial opened. A bronze medallion of Charles Ladd, Chinese vases, and Greek glass bowls were left to the Portland Art Museum. For the green and rather innocent Woody, Madden, DeMange, and the work prove quite an education. Then decades later, in Francis Ford Coppolaa€™s 1984 movie The Cotton Club, its life and times were recreated superbly, with Bob Hoskins and Fred Gwynne playing Owney Madden and Frenchy DeMange.
A chorus line of nearly naked colored girls ran out onto the stage and went into a routine never seen south of Central Park. Its big room, mahogany, brass and mirrors with a forty-foot bar, served as clubhouse for Trib reporters and editors. Tables are covered with clean white cotton cloths and the waiters wear long white linen aprons that flap about their ankles. It took him back at one leap to the ambrosial nights of drinking and endless argument, when all philosophies had been probed and all the worlda€™s problems settled, that he had known in that homely place. Why were there not more places like that in the world, he began to wondera€”places where a host was more than a shop-keeper, and men threw off their cares and talked and laughed openly together, without fear or suspicion, expanding cleanly and fruitfully in the glow of wine and fellowship?


It drove me across town to East 39th, the wet streets dark and nearly deserted at that hour.
Offering a fine view of all comings and goings, it became known as the Cohan Corner, where the great man was courted by theatrical types looking for work. A man at a nearby booth offered breadsticks, which were declined, and the group decamped to form a picket line in front of the hotel. But the movie Woody saw there that night has lasted: The Thin Man, starring William Powell and Myrna Loy. Ita€™s comical that the Nobel Committee gives its Peace Prize to do-gooders like Jane Addams. Ia€™d struggled through it in high school; they talked about Horace as if he were a mutual friend.
So Woody dwells uncomfortably in a higher social and economic stratum of an increasingly disturbing world, as he takes stock of it when they return from their honeymoon. Fierce debate had started over his court-packing scheme, to circumvent the Supreme Courta€™s a€?nine old mena€? striking down one New Deal program after another. Frank of the Czechoslovak parliament, a German belonging to the half-Hitlerized Sudetendeutsche Partei, has said that the state must be a€?either a bridge between Germany and the southeast or a barricade against Germany.a€? . But when I walked into a jive joint with Diana, nobody took me for a rootietoot, let alone a lawyer. He had an about-town column in the Herald Tribune called a€?This New York.a€? It wasna€™t Woody Hazelbakera€™s New York. Set on the hillside above the street are the restored Terraced Houses, containing interesting, often well preserved frescoes from the 2nd century A.D. These were constructed near the quay in order to receive with hospitality dignitaries who arrived from the sea. Scholars believe that Ephesus was founded on the settlement of Apasa (or Abasa), a Bronze Age-city noted in 14th-century BCE Hittite sources as in the land of Ahhiyawa.Dark age,Site of the Temple of Artemis in the town of SelA§uk, near Ephesus. He was a successful warrior, and as king he was able to join the twelve cities of Ionia together into the Ionian League. He treated the inhabitants with respect, despite ruling harshly, and even became the main contributor to the reconstruction of the temple of Artemis His signature has been found on the base of one of the columns of the temple (now on display in the British Museum). Ephesus did not contribute ships but gave financial support by offering the treasure of Apollo to the goddess Athena, protectress of Athens. After Alexander's death in 323 BCE, Ephesus in 290 BCE came under the rule of one of Alexander's generals, Lysimachus. This led to the Asiatic Vespers, the slaughter of 80,000 Roman citizens in Asia Minor, or any person who spoke with a Latin accent. Ephesus has been estimated to be in the range of 400,000 to 500,000 inhabitants in the year 100, making it the largest city in Roman Asia and of the day.
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When the crack was 2 cm in diameter, they have filled it with concrete and built on it breakwater.
The men were told that the ship as it went down smoothly, gliding over the waves, and "zarylos" in the vertical section of its front. The ship was very lucky he escaped with only minor damage to the hull, eroded over the side property so injured passengers. The Coast Guard could not say exactly what caused the sinking of the vessel, but scientists from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Studies registered killer waves in the Great Lakes. But the Ocean Ranger in those days was very large and most modern drilling rigs, for which the 12-meter waves were just a little excited.
When you hit a wave laser, mounted on a platform, recorded accurate readings of this monster. Clearly, this is the average temperature in the hospital, but it's certainly better than nothing. Camera clubs across the country were giving amateur photographers the opportunity to socialize, obtain darkroom assistance, share ideas and information, and go on organized outings on bicycles, trains, or river steamers.
Despite the death of Nancy's father on the Snake River, the family arrived in Oregon in 1852.
Several moonlight scenes bring forth the latent beauties of pale lights and dark backgrounds. On another day, they might hike inland for a view of Upper Cape Horn, near Celilo Falls, catch the rays of sun reaching through the clouds after a storm, or capture the early morning mists. The Panamaa€“Pacific International Exposition opened in San Francisco in 1915, and Ladd exhibited fourteen photographs in the Art Room of the Oregon Building. White's Camera Club demonstrations encouraged countless photographers to progress in style and technique. The emulsion is a fairly rapid one to be developed in approximately the usual way like developing paper. During the following days, the Oregonian and Oregon Daily Journal reported he had fled the city, been shanghaied, met foul play, and been murdered. Twenty-three practitioners are listed in the city 1909 directory, fifteen of whom worked in the Beck Building. But his agents are numerous and splendidly organized.a€? Same with Madden, and I discovered a separate and different world beneath the surface. Formed alliance with Tammany Hall chieftain Jimmy Hines, went into bootlegging including many speakeasies and night clubs. Kidnapped and held for ransom by a€?Mad Doga€? Coll in 1931 (an unwise career move on the lattera€™s part).
It was nearly empty at eleven in the morning, but even busy I couldna€™t have missed Walker halfway down the bar, next to an arresting sight: another man dressed, at that hour of the day, in white tie and tails.
I carried the briefcases when we got there, and Owneya€™s driver lugged the rest up to my apartment. After his death in 1942, a bronze plaque was installed to commemorate his tenure; it still hangs there today. As the evening wore on and more and more people arrived, additional tables and chairs were brought out and placed on the dance floor until it almost disappeared. When I finally got a word in edgewise and asked what the hell, Basil shrugged off a€?two perfectly useless degreesa€? in classics from Yale and Oxford. Bradford, another Thin Man imitation, had come out while Diana was in Europe, but when she got back I took her to My Man Godfrey at Radio City. Enlarging the Court had peoplea€™s backs up, while others felt the Court was so pre-Depression in make-up, it might as well be the Dark Ages. It was the New York of El Morocco by night, people with plenty of money despite the Depression, Broadway openings instead of bank closings, charity scavenger hunts instead of breadlines, uninterrupted self-indulgence instead of the dole. Paul gave sermons in the Grand Theatre, seating 25,000 - the most spectacular monument of Efes. The Church of the Holy Virgin Mary was constructed in the 2nd and 3rd centuries, and it played an important role in the early expansion of Christianity; this church symbolized one of seven Churches of the Apocalypse. Croesus made the populations of the different settlements around Ephesus regroup (synoikismos) in the vicinity of the Temple of Artemis, enlarging the city. Sufism Speech with Dervish EROL,Known to the west as Whirling Dervishes, the Mevlevi Order was founded by Mevlana Rumi in the 13th century. As decorative as it was communicative, Diwani was distinguished by the complexity of the line within the letter and the close juxtaposition of the letters within the word. It provides complete examination antiophthalmic cistron package that completely contains the plans and directions that I assist that progress any graphic symbol of the boat would like to build. However, Carlson chose to keep silent about the fact that his ship was the victim of two killer waves. When shabby "Michelangelo" entered the port of New York, two passengers and one crew member were dead and twelve wounded, and the bow turned into a pile of crumpled steel.
This photo was the first documentary evidence of the existence of giant waves that are able to cover even a huge tanker.
During the last session the captain, "Fitzgerald" reported that they have everything in order, they can cope on their own. And Uaytfishpoynt where found Edmund Fitzerald, is where the wave could well be the killer. In Portland, White and Ladd dedicated themselves to the Oregon Camera Club and the nascent photographic movement in the city.
They were easily transported and could be exposed and developed whenever it was convenient rather than on location, as wet-plate negatives required. Prints could result in tints of yellow, green, red, or violet by varying the toning or amount of light and carbon tissue paper used.18 Experimentation with photographic printing techniques and materials was indicative of the true craftsmanship of amateur photographers who thought of themselves as artists.
That year, 28 slides by 12 members of the Oregon Camera Club were accepted by the board of managers. For scale, they sometimes added a human figure or their houseboat as a reminder of their location and how they lived. The two friends' boundless physical and creative energy shaped an image of the Pacific Northwest seen by thousands of people. His body was found December 25, 1905, in the Willamette River downriver from the Ladd boathouse. The forward table space shall be reserved for navigation, and navigational equipment, also bookshelf, chart space, and transverse drawers which extend forward to the front of the house itself, having a tray top just under the forward house windows which shall be of fixed type. Owney Madden grew up in the part of New York called Hella€™s Kitchen, and had been in the rackets since he was a kid, starting with one of its Irish gangs, The Gophers. He held a drink in one hand, a cigar in the other, and on the surface of the bar rested a silk top hat.
I hung up my hat and coat, opened the briefcase Owney had given me and gazed at the money again, then stashed it in the back of my closet. Then as I started thinking of him as a pudgy intellectual, he said something to Gene Tunney across the table about their boxing a few rounds at the Yale Club before coming to Cellaa€™s. He and drummer Gene Krupa were from his band, but the others were colored musicians, cool Teddy Wilson on piano and excited Lionel Hampton on vibes, the first mixed group wea€™d seen. The ruins remaining are of the city established by Lyssimachos, one of the generals of Alexander the Great in the 3rd century B.C. The Theatre beautifully restored and now serves as a setting for the artistic and folkloric shows of the international Efes Festival, held every year in spring. Officially sanctioned by the Vatican, it is now popular site of pilgrimage, visited by Christians and Muslims from all over the world.
He died in a battle against the Carians when he came to the aid of Priene, another city of the Ionian League.[10] Androklos and his dog are depicted on the Hadrian temple frieze, dating from the second century. In later times, Pliny the Elder mentioned having seen at Ephesus a representation of the goddess Diana by Timarata, the daughter of a painter. But when they saw how badly the people of Chios had been treated by Zenobius, a general of Mithridates, they refused entry to his army.
The Order wrote of tolerance, forgiveness, and enlightenment.Istanbul Day Tours, Istanbul city tours, Sultanahmet Tours, Walkig Tours in istanbul, Art Tours in istanbul, walking tours in istanbul, group tours in istanbul, private tours in istanbul, hire a guide in istanbul, off the paths tour in istanbul, excursions in istanbul, ottoman tour, byzantine tour in istanbul, classical sightseeing tours in istanbul Swimming Tour in Istanbul,Kilyos is a small Black Sea village which is surrounded by green forests.
The ship remained afloat, but 28 hours after the ship struck another killer wave height of 20 meters and all the radio antenna mast broke.
That the existence of freak waves has long been denied by scientists, in part is because the captain did not want to recognize that the ocean they conquered. The team reported that they struck with incredible force only wave height greater than 25 meters. The top of the tower on the right side was at an altitude of 25 meters above the water, so the wave height compared to it was defined as 30.5 meters. For example, analysis of radar data Goma oil platform in the North Sea showed that for 12 years in the available field of view there were 466 killer waves. Both women understood the power of photography to record their own ways of seeing a landscape. Portraits were never better and afford new studies that would appeal to the eye of an artist.
While Ladd's photographs received more attention than those of Lily White, both locally through the Pacific Monthly and on the East Coast, it was White's sense of adventure and the opportunities she created on the Raysark that set the tone for their posterity. Maud Ainsworth was awarded first prize of ten dollars in the Architecture and Interiors Division for Melrose Abbey.
White and sister of Milton White), Lily White may have thought of Maud Ainsworth as her cousin. In an interesting twist, White is listed on the April 1910 United States census twice a€” once boarding with the Ladds in Portland and working as a Christian Science physician and again living in her family residence on Fourth Street working as an artist with a studio. The port side shall be reserved for all radio and detecting equipment, including a chair against the after bulkhead for the operator.
He had to eat; and in all the world there are no steaks like the steaks Chris Cellini broils over an open fire with his own hands.
Author: History of the New York Times, 1921, Times Have Changed, 1923, Ia€™ll Show You the Town, 1924, Friends of Mr. I loosened my tie, poured myself a stiff drink, and sat down beside a window a€” sat there a long time, the untasted drink in my hand, listening to it rain.
Anyone whoa€™d box Gene Tunney for funa€” I gave up, and went and got another drink myself.
Powell was a stockbroker down on his luck, plucked out of a hobo jungle to butler for the nuttiest family on Fifth Avenue. Later, Greek historians such as Pausanias, Strabo and the poet Kallinos, and the historian Herodotos reassigned the city's mythological foundation to Ephos, queen of the Amazons. Zenobius was invited into the city to visit Philopoemen (the father of Monima, the favorite wife of Mithridates) and the overseer of Ephesus.
The village is just a forty five minutes drive from Istanbul.Turkish Music Lesson in Istanbul,The last august 2004 I stayed in Istanbul, during a holiday trip. I leave you do cover the pros and cons of this my bunce is holder plans vitamin A colored dual-port generator windfall resource with 518 sauce included holder with goggle box DVD and a. Possible that the impact of the two freak waves ship simply by faults in half, and it sank in a few minutes. Only in 1995, in a blow to another oil rig received the first reliable evidence of the power of such a wave. Since the nature of damage to equipment compatible with the specified height of the wave, the scientific world has recognized the existence of freak waves, as well as the fact that the story is about their size - not a fairy tale hapless sailors. Obsolete same theory of wave formation showed that in this region the appearance of killer waves could happen once in ten thousand years! During those years, they also cultivated opportunities for personal promotion that intersected with Portland's rise in regional and national status. Sarah established a formal garden there with imported plants, a bowling green, a tennis court, a barn, stables, and a caretaker's home.
The Expo, which was open for four weeks, featured music, art, trapeze artists, bands, cakewalks, a photography show, and military, mining, and agricultural, displays. The floor space just forward of the entrance door shall be cut out and hinged as hatch cover, so that the ladder on the bulkhead may extend below the floor and provide a descent to the main floor level below, between the officer's mess and the officer's lavatory partition. Staff New York Herald Tribune since 1929; writer, syndicated column a€?This New Yorka€? since 1933. 1919; professional boxer, 1919-1928, World Heavyweight Champ, 1926-28, a€?Fighter of the Year,a€? 1928, retired undefeated that year. The Times called Lombarda€™s Irene a€?a one-track mind with grass growing over its rails,a€? but that was a damn sight better than her mean sister Cornelia.
The Arcadian Way was the long main road, paved with marble and lined with columns on both sides, that stretched from the Grand Theatre to the old port, now totally silted.
But then it became clear that it was not their fault: because no skills will help when dealing with a monster wave.
She filled her home with mahogany furniture, china and silver serving pieces, and imported statues and vases of bronze and porcelain. The remaining space under the chart room floor, being of low headroom, shall contain the 200-gallon water tank on the forward bulkhead, and the two carbon dioxide tanks for the fire extinguishing system on the after bulkhead.
Member Confrerie des Chevaliers du Tastevin, Wine & Food Society of America, Republican.
On this road was the Four Evangelists Monument - four columns upon which stood statues of the four evangelists.
Once numbered amongst the Seven Wonders of the ancient world, it was constructed entirely of marble. Cruikshank examined the minutes of the membership meetings in 1902a€“1922 and the early membership list. Devonshire.After and introduction to our “nurse” in the morning we were dismissed to look for our future divisional officers.
When the Seljuks and later Ottomans claimed the control of the city, it had already lost its commercial and political significance. The marvelous Hellenistic Fountain stood just across the Theater and next to the eastern end of the Arcadian Way.
The marble road which was connecting the Temple of Artemis to the State Agora through the Magnesia Gate was considered to be the holy road of the city. Yoga Lesson in Istanbul,Yoga is a group of ancient spiritual practices originating in India. An open arch to starboard shall provide entry to the main passage fore and aft in the boat. Founded, with Cleon Throckmorton, Hoboken Theatrical Co., 1928, producing revivals of a€?After Dark,a€? a€?The Black Crook,a€? etc. Today, a visit to Ephesus is one of the highlights of any visit to Turkey.Visits to the ruins of Efes usually begin in the eastern part of the city through the Magnesia Gate, around the important Upper Agora or also known as the State Agora.
When Mithridates was defeated in the First Mithridatic War by the Roman consul Lucius Cornelius Sulla, Ephesus came back under Roman rule in 86 BCE.
Jewish community have lived in the geographic area of Asia Minor for more than 2,400 years.
Guggenheim Fellow, League of Nations, Geneva, 1928-29, dir., Geneva office, League of Nations Assoc. Sulla imposed a huge indemnity, along with five years of back taxes, which left Asian cities heavily in debt for a long time to come. In the later Middle Ages, Ashkenazi Jews migrating to the Byzantine Empire and Ottoman Empire supplemented the original Jewish population of Asia Minor. At the end of the 15th century, a large number of Sephardic Jews fleeing persecution in Spain and Portugal settled in Asia Minor on the invitation of the Ottoman Empire. Consisting of a circular brush made of wire and coir turned by an electric motor, the machine is operated by a pair of handles very much the same as an auto-scythe and cleans the deck up very quickly compared with the usual elbow grease methods in general use. Despite emigration during the 20th century, modern day Turkey continues a Jewish population. The Commander (Air) says its just another of the new-fangled gadgets which are tried out in the ship; he doesn’t think its much good. Besides that he told us about trials in general and how the wardroom has to put up with these hordes of ?800 a year spivs who seem indispensable to aircraft trials if they are only screw turners.Lieutenant Wall paid the gunroom a visit in the evening.
Of course most people agree that something should be done and that this is one way of doing it, perhaps the best way. We had a talk on the Air Department of the ship and its organisation by the Commander (Air). Very soon he started talking solely about the trials themselves and what our future programme may include providing nothing very unusual happens before we have had our repairs completed.I had the afternoon watch with Lieutenant Grayson. Someone thought he was trying to wrangle more hands to bring the ships company up to a more workable minimum.If the officers heads (?) were not on the dock there would have been very little to do indeed.
As it was these officers streamed back during the ‘dogs.’ I found it was very monotonous saying “Carry on” or words to that effect when about fifty petty officers went ashore at ten minutes to four just as the last notes of (carry on [correction – secure]) and coops(?) had died away. At both watches for exercises the bugler made a very queer call which was apparently due to his instrument being blocked up, according to him. The Quartermaster spent about a half hour explaining to us how the doctors discovered that his right kidney was not working and that he had a stone there which suddenly stopped growing.
Most of the Wardroom was in the rounds party as it was a mess decks inspection and the route was not definitely fixed before hand.Read a very interesting story in Saturday Evening news called “This is my Sa” by Clarence Budlington Kelland. All other American serials seemed rather dull, anyway I never seemed to be able to read them through without skipping large and boring pages.The Government today announces that the prices of coal, electricity and gas will be pegged, as all other commodities, in order to check, or to attempt to check, the ever spiralling cost of living. Hagannah announces that its forces will in future resist arrest by British forces, following an incident in which four Jews were killed after being set free in an Arab stronghold form an army lorry, and killed a few minutes later by armed Arabs. The congregation in the Chapel this morning was very small indeed, consisting entirely of officers. It is not at all surprising that clergy these days are very dispirited.Part of the dockyard power supply to the ship was cut off this evening and half the ship put in darkness.
A lead coming aboard over the Starboard side onto the Lower Gallery deck overheated causing the rubber insulation to melt.
That mucked up my fire main chasing programme, however I had decided that the only way to make a plan was to draw a large seals layout of each deck first, then put in the main and branches later. Spent at least two hours searching for pipes at the expense of a layer of oil and filth all over my hands and on my reefer.Reached the HMS Boxer by jeep just before tea. After tea we walked round the ship and paid a visit to the bridge where we were struck by its size and openness. There we also noticed that the evening was very cold, so we decided unanimously to walk back to Illustrious and muster all our warm clothing.There are three Sub-Lieutenants onboard. To get the stern out we went ahead on a back spring then, when clear astern and round to Port. As soon as we were clear of the harbour we started directing planes from Ford and Lea-on-Solent. It had been decided that a ship,which could direct large numbers of planes onto shore targets and enemy planes, should be built for fighting in the Pacific. This specialised ship, a floating Fighter and Bomber Direction Unit, was to be used within about ten miles of Japanese islands to direct planes from aircraft carriers which would be about 70 miles off shore in order to be less accessible to land based planes. Boxer was passing through the Mediterranean when Japan capitulated, on her way to the Pacific. The weather became rowdier still as we steamed up to the Needles to enter the West Solent and anchor off Yarmouth. Nigeria is to be sent to the Falkland Islands where the Argentinos and Chileans are busy setting up a military base in the Falkland Island Dependencies. Possibly it is Peron’s idea to direct his countrymen’s thoughts from internal affairs to something more dramatic. Nigeria will alter the situation when she arrives mainly because she is so heavily outnumbered and also because the distances over which the other ships would have to be send, are so great. The Argentine papers have been very insolent about the whole thing, the trouble is that they know or are pretty certain that we shall not be able to do anything decisive. We are all very glad we went back to the HMS Illustrious on Monday evening to take some more sweaters, scarves, gloves etc.
Today we were directing Barracudas and an Anson, which every now and again come in on a torpedo or bombing run at us.
As we entered the Solent past Nab Tower we passed the black funnelled Dutch liner Wilhelm Huys.When being lowered, shortly after we had anchored, the Starboard Motor Cutter was nearly wrecked. The sea was very rough, there being a high short swell, and when the boat was nearly lowered to the water, instead of slipping it was pitched up on a creast of a wave and flung down again onto the falls. Started to snow in the morning and the wind, as usual, was Easterly and even colder than before. The ship apparently handles very well.A jeep was supposed to be at the jetty to bring us back at 1630. Ministers are accused left, right and centre of making self-contradictory statements about the various nationalised parts of our economy.
The Sunday Chronicle has a long article on the Falkland Islands incident headed “The Lions Tail,” with the Lion in rather an awkward position at present. Illustrious .Spent the whole day going in and out of compartments on the Main Deck looking for the fire main pipes. A rumour was started that the British had caused the outrage, and the Jewish crowds became very hostile to our men helping in the rescue work so that after a short time all British police and troops were withdrawn. In the Dogs it was returned alongside by a tug after going aground and getting stuck just off the pontoon at dead low tide.An escort was sent off to London [correction – to catch] by 1920 train to collect two deserters picked up by the Naval Section of Scotland Yard. The leave for the ship’s Company is from 19th March – 12th April for the watches in succession.
At Commanders requestmen(?) this morning six men were granted afternoon leave to watch the Navy-Civil Services football match. Sheffield has been ordered to Belize from Cartagena, Columbia where she was on her spring cruise.
Devonshire was ordered away because of reports that British Honduras was about to be invaded. Just before lunch an airman rating was brought up before the Officer of the Watch on a charge of disobeying his superior officer, namely by refusing to sweep out his mess when ordered to by his leading hand. Illustrious - Lectures on Divisional Matters and another lecture on Operation of Carriers were given by Lieutenant Commander Hamer and Lieutenant Turnbull. The latter’s lecture was mainly about carrier warfare in the Pacific and of course the accent was on flying, as Lieutenant Turnbull is a pilot.In the evening Few, Lemon and myself went ashore mainly to have our hair cut.
The first barber’s shop was shut, and later when we came back after walking along the Southsea front we passed another shop which had also closed. Today we had a more interesting time than usual.After Stand Easy a party of officers from all the services came onboard for an outing in their Photographic Interpretation course. Illustrious was docked.Owing to the mist and cloud at the time of sunset we were able to see sunspots on the face of the sun through our telescopes. Illustrious - Lieutenant Commander Hamer gave us a very interesting lecture on the Middle East. He explained the reason why it was so important to England and the Empire was because it was on our main East-West sea route, besides being a road between North and South. Jews will probably pour into Palestine, the Jewish part of which would soon be overpopulated, and then the immigrants would have no other course to take than to attempt to beat back the arabs by force of arms. The Arabs have the advantage in desert warfare, as they know their country and have all the Moslem countries from which they can expect to receive modern arms and volunteers, to help in the cause. The Jews may have a well trained and organised army but all their arms are supplied from abroad. The help that is given by the American Government depends on the political parties in power and whether elections are in the offing, in which case the candidates in the Government in power will pander to the Jewish electorate. At present, however, the Americans can either please the Jews and endanger their oil pipe lines across Arabia, or dissatisfy their Jewish electorate but safeguard their oil, or, as they are doing now, make vague and noncommittal statements about their policy which generally annoys all the parties concerned.Trouble in our colonies has now spread to the Gold Coast where riots have broken out in Accra. There, a native party, demanding self government for the colony, has incited ex-servicemen to agitate for better living conditions.
After a short visit at Salisbury I caught the Bath train which took me to my home town, Warminster. After waiting at the station for a car a little while the mist started to come down reducing visibility to about two yards. Eventually I reached home after a hair raising drive, mostly on the pavement at the right side of the road. Saturday 6th March 1948Warminster - Another very fine day with clear sky and hot sun. Both sides seem to be organising themselves for the time when British forces leave the country, in the mean time the position of our soldiers and police in Palestine becomes more insecure every day. Sunday 7th March 1948Warminster – The King and Queen and Princess Margaret are to visit Australia and New Zealand in 1949.
The Navy is not as strong as it should be, and the Government has not exaggerated its state. Illustrious - School in the morning and Organisation, a lecture by the Commander in the afternoon. After a second long walk, it seemed very long carrying a heavy grip, we arrived at Hornet.Before Stand-Easy we were shown round the establishment, Gun Boat Yard, the two German E-boats there and several captured enemy craft, including one with a hydrophane attachment and an Italian explosive motorboat. 2012, a Long boat, called Dog boats by the officers on them.As we went past the forts outside the harbour in the Solent we saw an E-boat leave the harbour behind us.
We were developing full speed, but very soon we were overtaken by the other boat which, we were informed afterwards, was only developing ? power.



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