A Private Full service garden Villa with all the extras inclusive for a price that you can afford.
Even if you do not choose to book with us , we will show you on our website how you can save 10 to 30 percent on your Hotel and Resort Bill well in advance from the comfort of your own home before you even step onto your plane.This FREE industry report is yours to keep and to use for planning and budgeting your next holiday vacation.
When planning to visit any exotic tropical island destination around the world like Phuket or even Ko Samui island in Thailand every traveller searching on the internet will notice something about the method of scheduled tier pricing or referred to as seasonal rates.
Often the Low season price rate is about half of the High season price rate, with the Peak Season rate really just that, its peaking very high.
After some thinking and consideration we decided at the Garden Villa Phuket to keep things much more simple for you , and not to operate this way with multiple Tier Pricing and to do just the opposite of what the others are doing.
This is what we think at the Garden Villa Phuket will make a true hospitality experience for you our special guest, and effectively set the bar higher for the hospitality industry to follow if they can do it or want to do it. The GARDEN VILLA PHUKET Welcomes You for a Private Holiday Retreat for the discerning traveler that is looking for the following 4 key offers.
The Garden Villa Phuket Price per Day for the Villa rental is only 700 Thai Baht or only just US $22.68 per day!
This offer is good for 7 nights and more for one or two people with the following exceptional offers for you. This private one bedroom and rest room interior , includes exterior covered garden outdoor living space including a Teakwood Sala Thai pavilion, Teak and granite Thai fully stocked kitchen,Dining area and living room area.A generous private exterior of 280 square meters of a Private living Tropical Thai Garden experience. Our garden is a living Butterfly Sanctuary with out the use of a physical enclosure .We are told by the expert staff working at Phuket,s Butterfly Garden and Insect World company located near Phuket Town that our private estate garden is the first of its kind in Thailand and maybe all of Asia? These beautiful winged creatures of nature decided to take residence in our garden after one year of painstakingly selecting all the correct flowering plants and trees to encourage them to stay and not fly away.
It is not uncommon that you can see a different butterfly every 5 to 10 minutes everyday with your stay with us.In addition many beautiful exotic song birds have taken up residence at the Garden Villa Phuket or are just passing through for a rest as well ,so your hand phone alarm clock is totally unnecessary in the mornings. Your charming private garden Villa is a studio bedroom with a beautifully appointed tropical style bali sink and shower room. The following is our service options for you to enjoy with our compliments to you as our special guest. This once per week offer includes your free transportation of our Car Rental Service for the whole day excluding the cost of petrol.
And for the none swimmers or people that just want to enjoy any one of Phukets 22 beautiful beaches we have you covered here as well . Yes Barry for many years back in the 70,s and 80,s and 90s worked on famous TV Cartoons for many Production Houses around the world including Hanna-Barbara Studios in Hollywood California now owned by Warner Bros.
Just select ,copy and paste the link in your browser and click enter to see all of Barry's past film credits. The recipe book will include all of Barry,s original culinary creations that take only 10 minutes to make for the busy person. The Rest Room Description: This semi -tropical bali rest room has a sink bowl and private shower area with hot and cold filtered running water. We supply fresh towels with the most natural non toxic body care spa products for our quests. Includes herbal soaps, shampoos , tooth paste, creams for shaving, accentual oils,a dry skin detox brush used for brushing your skin ,and yes your own personal mini trampoline for rebounding. This villa provides very generous living space for fine covered outdoor living to take advantage of your tropical Thai garden through rain or sunshine.
The Garden Thai Kitchen is fully stocked with everything that you need for your culinary delight including the following .Your refrigerator is two times the size of most hotel mini bar refrigerators.
The Kitchen is beautifully designed in solid teak wood with granite tops providing lots of storage and space that includes a mini oven,toaster, glass blender,coffee maker,tea pot and kettle,cutting boards,induction cooker,2 burner gas stove top filtered hot and cold water sink, steamer, lots of cutlery and fine dish ware, napkins,towels,soaps,with a wooden bread box containing complimentary organic herbal teas and organic ground coffee.Also includes a fresh organic herb garden for making salads and recipes of your choice. The Garden Thai Dining area is good for 2 people with fine teak furniture overlooking your garden. The Garden Thai Living Room is located off to the side that sits 4 people with glass and teak wood coffee table. The Chang Mai Garden Sala Thai pavilion sits 6 people comfortably that provides a 365 degree view of this tropical Thai Garden living space.
This will be Phuket's first Private Living Butterfly Garden with out using a physical enclosure. The butterflies are free to fly away for ever if they want to, but instead these beautiful winged insects choose to stay in your garden to pollinate and to feed on the nectar of the many flowers. Your private garden with your personal Sala Thai pavilion is 200 meters long by 17 meters wide for your viewing pleasure. Phuket is Thailanda€™s largest island located in the south on the west side facing the blue green Andaman Sea that boasts at least 22 beaches known and a few that are yet to be enjoyed by our guests off the beaten path that mainstream tourism has not yet discovered. Unfortunately the island is lacking in real public transportation and the other option is the services of unmetered taxis but many tourists take the option of renting motor bikes to have total control over their transportation needs. First the Pros: Renting a motor bike depending on the year and quality of the vehicle can be from 150 to 300 Thai Baht per day.
The Cons: First the bike has no insurance coverage so you will be responsible for all damages to the bike and to other people and their vehicles if there is an accident even if it is not your fault in some cases.
You can be stopped and given a fine by the Phuket police if you are caught not wearing a helmet and not caring a Motor Bike License. It is not fun riding in the rain and the road conditions can sometimes be hazardous and other peoples driving habits can make things difficult for you with out language translation .
We rent to you a late model 2 door Automatic Toyota Vigo Truck in excellent condition with first class full insurance that covers you and your passengers for full collision .
Barry Gourmet and Raw and with Ams Thai touch has created delicious and nutritious breakfast cuisine offers that can not be found anywhere on Phuket Island at this price what so ever with the highest quality of whole food products and recipes. We use garden fresh organic ingredients as much as possible with out compromise what so ever. You can expect generous portions of international fusion breakfast cuisine that can only be described in the following words. We support our Thai Organic Farmer and the Royal Project of Thailand plus we grow many of the fruits and Thai herbs fresh in our garden for your culinary delight.Only the best and freshest of ingredients. Well I love to prepare meals every day in my garden kitchen and I get so much joy out of sharing my gourmet cuisine ideas to my Flickr readers online that I wanted to have the same experience with you in person. Only 1,500 Thai Baht per day if you wish to take advantage of all 3 offers at any time for the Villa, Car, and Gourmet Breakfast deal. We understand that many tourists that visit phuket want their swimming pool at any cost and shared pools are second choice and private pools are first choice with a higher price tag attached to the offer of course. I know that if I displaced this beautiful garden with a pool laced with chemicals then my organic butterfly garden would have been lost forever and nothing would be the same anymore.
Just so that you know this is the reason why there is not a swimming pool just outside your villa door to jump into. But we do offer a very large Club House Salt Water Swimming Pool for adults measured 40 meters long by 8 meters wide. And to get there its just a wonderful 5 minutes walk through beautifully landscaped park land areas far away from any tourist crowd. Fitness and Weight Lifting room with tred mills ,nautilus and free weights.I use this facility. Separate women and mens wet and dry sauna rooms with lockers and showers.I use the sauna and showers on occasion for Detox. We can arrange the resident 100 Thai Baht per person admission,good for the whole day for using all the facilities mentioned above.
In addition the Club House has a restaurant with free room service delivery for any orders per room over 100 Thai Baht.
The Santi Spirit of Thai Wellness Massage Therapy is located at the club house with good services ,relaxation and reasonable rates that I still use today. Introduction to the Santi Thai Spirit of Wellness Therapy:Santi is the only licensed Traditional Thai Herbal Medicine Therapy service on Phuket Island. Kung Fu classes at the Wing Chun Martial Arts Academy may spark some interest for this Chinese martial art experience held at the Club House at Land & House Park?
For only 2,500 Thai Baht per month you can have Yoga instruction classes 2 times per day monday through friday with one class on Saturday. Over 30 years ago I was clinically obese with a grocery list of serious weight related disease conditions that eventually incapacitated me into a forced lengthy hospital stay of 3 weeks. Standing 5 foot 4 at almost 220 pounds I turned my life around by doing a lot of research and implemented my findings to eventually lose my excess body weight down to half and to finally be able to say good by to my obesity forever. In addition to many of the fine beaches close to this area near the southern end of Phuket Island is just minutes away for the traveler. Culturally many famous Thai Temples are located here and 3 of the biggest temples are just walking distance from the Garden Villa Phuket. Chalong has the modern Villa Supermarket store with many other traditional Thai food markets in the area. Entertainment sections of bars, and restaurants,are with in easy short driving distances from the Garden Villa Phuket. Yacht sailing and motor Boats, Speed boats, and Long Tail Thai boat rentals for exploring the near by islands again are just 5 minutes away driving. With in walking distance from your Garden Villa you can enjoy hiking trails through parks and into the Chalong hills rubber tree plantations where much of the rubber tapping is done. The Garden Villa Phuket is located in an upscale residential community called Land and House Park that is centrally located near the southern end tip of Phuket Island very close to many of the major beaches. The Garden Villa is noted for its generous outdoor covered living areas to take advantage of your Thai Tropical Garden views.
The shared covered exterior community common garden living room area pavilion is 20 square meters .
The Garden Villa Phuket has just received the green light for serious room expantion plus new facilities and still you will have plenty of garden space to enjoy.
This is a one time offer with a 20 percent discount on the later bookings indefinetlely with us.
Traditionaly when a hotel or villa does this kind of constrution they will raise the price later for the room for their return on investment right.
If you come back to this page in the next day then you can read the offer and more details of your holiday experience at the Garden Villa Phuket in Thailand . An original & complete London Times from the date you select Comes in a gift presentation box together with: Personalised Certificate of Authenticity. These wedding bears from Gund feature a beautiful bride dressed in white with a veil and a happy groom ready to take the plunge!
This cross pendant is a simple, elegant and tastefull piece of jewellery which will add to anyones collection. For bold jewellery lovers everywhere - this incredible handcrafted titanium and silver brooch is a wonderful eliptical form and looks very sleek with a shard of titanium. If you want to keep your jewellery somewhere really special youll be delighted with this hand-made Thai silk jewellery box with padded lid lined interior and circular embroidered detail. The essential guide to cracking The Da Vinci Code, this beautifully illustrated Top Trumps pack features 30 of the characters, objects and institutions from the film.
The Animal Bubble, another awesome sports watch from your favourite UK based action sports company. Transform any bedroom or playroom with these fantastic self adhesive and removeable vinyl stickers. Of course the hospitality industry will not like it ,but as a traveler myself we feel that you have a right to know about their business practices , so the savings for you, plus your friends and your family can be quite substantial. WE WILL GIVE OUR VALUED GUEST THE ABSALUTE BEST DEAL POSSIBLE FOR VALUE AND SERVICES FOR A REASONABLE RETURN ON OUR INVESTMENT.WE WILL DO OUR BEST TO OFFER FLEXIBLE RATES AND SERVICE OPTIONS AVAILABLE FOR YOUR CONSIDERATION AND PLANNING OF YOUR VACATION WITH THE GARDEN VILLA PHUKET. We have decided to keep our rates affordable and fixed 365 days a year for you with a reasonable return for us .100 % of all service prices will be disclosed on our website for your convenience and this will effectively help build your trust with us ,and also take out the guess work for your service options as well. With us you have the opportunity to experience the whole island of Phuket with her 22 beaches and surrounding provinces and not just 1 or 2 beaches from your expensive hotel room.
Did you know that an adult butterfly has a short life span of only living 14 to 15 days thats all?So it is no easy feat to see them so often. This is our Thanks to you for choosing us for your holiday or residential stay with us.We think that even the little things count and are included in our offer. Includes helmets , water bottles, cloves , mountain bike sports shirts and pants and accessories to make your biking experience the most enjoyable and comfortable ever. You can still take advantage of our once per week offer to just have the car for the day to explore Phuket island at your leisure.
Many travelers can appreciate a private mature exotic Thai tropical garden space for their personal pleasure and experience. This includes a complimentary Thai lunch at one of our favorite restaurants serving delicious Thai Cuisine. There is a 5,000 Thai Baht deductible that is your responsibility to pay incase there is any damage to the vehicle. For example you can take the option of renting your motor bike and renting our car when needed such as rainy bad weather or night time traveling or whenever it is convenient for you? Thai ,Macrobiotic, Mediterranean , Vegan Raw, Whole Plant Based Cuisine with organic free range ,grass fed land meats and wild fresh fish same day or pacific wild red salmon with fresh duck and hen eggs free range. Really the 300 Thai Baht just covers the purchase of the quality whole foods and special ingredients for each meal. And then some tourist never use the pool for different reasons like the chemical chlorine and buffers that some people are sensitive too . In the past some of our guests where more interested in going to the beaches and less at the Club House so we kept the prices separate. My Thai wife of more than 15 years offers her business management skills and friendly hospitality to all our guests. She is supportive and her kindness and generosity goes a long way with people that have the opportunity to share time with Am.Am is a great cook in the traditional Thai way that gives me lots of inspiration and ideas for presenting the Earth Cuisine Recipes to my followers. By car with 13 beach destinations including beach head view points it is one of Phukets most beautiful and scenic locations to be staying at. The interior is a studio bedroom that is primarily used for sleeping with an en-suite restroom.
Copies of all the working plans will be disclosed and emailed to the early birds that have booked before construction starts. If you book and stay with us before the 2nd phase grand opening that will make the villa 2 times bigger with a spa type infared sauna to enjoy.
Click here to view Send a Greeting - written on the Certificate - type your message (max 20 words) after inputting recipients name and occasion in the box below NOTE Sunday Papers incur A?20 surcharge. We now stock Cadbury Dairy Milk refill packs containing 8 packs of 20 miniature chocolates.


Representing the Pupanunu tribe are Tak and Lok who will face great adversity in the form of Jujus, wild animals and some menacing new tribes. It has a sturdy steel frame and an aluminium quick release on the seat making it easy to adjust to your ideal height. RRP A?50 Travel in style with this hard shell vanity case by Samonsite American Tourister. 47 stickers create six large scenes throughout the room (some illustrated here), including all those favourite bits of machinery and tells the story of how concrete is made, from when the rock is dug out of the ground through to the concrete being delivered at the building site.
Wouldn't it be nice for you to save 10 to 30% on your next hotel bill almost every time you travel?
OUR LOW COMPETITIVE RATES ARE FIXED for 365 DAYS A YEAR .The following paragraph will explain why it is better for the traveler to have a low fixed rate all year round and what the benefits are to the quest and why it is good for us as well.
Your garden will delight your senses of smelling the flowers, touching the leaves ,seeing the butterflya€™s, tasting the fruits and herbs ,and hearing the song birds. We wanted to make this garden even more special for you by including various colorful exotics of plant life and flowers that would attract many Thai Butterflies to take residence in this special place. I love sharing a great food experience with you ,and to just get the feed back from you will be a great thing in itself.
Gerald helped me to rebalance my body when I was coming out of my 1 and a half month Detox and Parasite cleanse . His fee was surprisingly affordable at only 1,000 Thai Baht and I am grateful for his expert advice and traditional chinese herbal remedy treatment. With excellent value and affordable rates that I still use today I cannot say enough about Phukets little Yoga Secret for the Best Value and Services anywhere. I will share all my life experience with you in regards to my weight loss and elimination of all degenerative diseases that effect me. She speaks 2 fluent Thai language dialects ,fluent English and yes even a bit of Mandarin Chinese from the 3 years that I was Supervising Theatrical and TV Cartoon Animation Productions in Shanghai China. When construction starts I will close the doors and the resort will reopen for the 2nd grand opening. The price will not change it will be the same price that you are paying for your first visit with us.
We think that this is a wonderful incentive for our guests to enjoy and thus this special offer is given to you for early bookings. One of the first priorities of the work was a complete examination of all previous exploration and excavation in the precinct, particularly that of Margaret Benson carried out in 1895-7.
Tracks comprise: Twinkle Twinkle Little Star, Sing A Song Of Sixpence, Little Bo Peep, Bobby Shafto, Jack And Jill, Ride A Cock Horse, Humpty Dumpty, Ring A Ring A Roses, Oranges And Lemons, Girls And Boys, Hot Cross Buns, Pop Goes The Weasel, Polly Put The Kettle On, Three Blind Mice, The Wheels On The Bus, Hickory Dickory Dock, Tom Tom The Pipers Son, London Bridge Is Falling Down, Little Boy Blue, The Grand Old Duke Of York, Old King Cole, The Mulberry Bush, Hey Diddle Diddle. Comfortable booster safety seat that raises child to correct position providing window interest and stimulation. Success will come and poorly written notes, messages, letters and application forms will fade into the distant past!
We can point you to at least 7 incredible and beautiful natural off and on road Mountain Bike routes just minutes from the Garden Villa Phuket.
We give the Butterfly Garden and Insect World of Phuket our appreciation and thanks for their advice and support to make this garden to become a reality. And then some tourists just want all that open ocean to swim in and the pool is never used at all,but the pool price is still tacked onto their hotel room rate regardless .So they are paying for a service offered that is never used. After 15 days of traditional herbal remedies all my respiratory and related symptoms just disappeared and I recovered well. For one class it would cost 400 Thai Baht for the 1 and a half hour per person ,that is standard price on the island. When it comes down to food science ,life style and nutrition for getting slim, I have the answers for you. The bride bear holds a bouquet of white roses and wears a white veil and tiara of white roses. The rescue kilt includes a Handwriting Activity Workbook, over 300 structured exercises, handwriting pad with guidelines, recommended handwriting pen.
But forever I will always be learning new things myself about how the body works and how food , life style and thoughts can affect the whole body. A thirty year old semi-invalid of a distinguished English family, she had the rare good luck to ask for the concession to a site that seemed unimportant and a site that no one else wanted.
The Gift box has a personalised silver plaque which is engraved with any message of up to 75 characters.
Players will have to use all their skills to win this race against the toughest competitors and receive the grandest reward ever given by the Great Jujus!
It was assumed that even an woman amateur with no experience could do little harm at the nearly destroyed Temple of Mut, in a remote location south of the Amun precinct at Karnak.
A beautifully illustrated story book is included which shows how concrete is made - where it comes from, the kind of machinery involved, how the machines work and what jobs they are used for, and the many ways in which concrete can be used. She worked there for only three seasons from 1895 to 1897 and she published The Temple of Mut in Asher in 1899 2 with Janet Gourlay, who joined her in the second season. In the introduction to that publication of her work she emphasized that it was the first time any woman had been given permission by the Egyptian Department of Antiquities to excavate; she was well aware that it was something of an accomplishment.
We were frankly warned that we should make no discoveries; indeed if any had been anticipated, it was unlikely that the clearance would have been entrusted to inexperienced direction.
3 A Margaret Benson was born June 16, 1865, one of the six children of Edward White Benson.
He was first an assistant master at Rugby, then the first headmaster of the newly founded Wellington College.He rose in the service of the church as Chancellor of the diocese of Lincoln, Bishop of Truro and, finally, Archbishop of Canterbury. My main goal is them on the hovercraft, because there is not enough place for the panels on the hovercraft. Benson was a learned man with a wide knowledge of history and a serious concern for the education of the young. He was also something of a poet and one of his hymns is still included in the American Episcopal Hymnal. Arthur Christopher, the eldest, was first a master at Eton and then at Magdalen College, Cambridge. Remote Control 2-Channel Flying Saucer 3-Channel Blimpsor Navigate a Remote–Control Flying Wired Remote Control! A noted author and poet with an enormous literary output, he published over fifty books, most of an inspirational nature, but he was also the author of monographs on D. He helped to edit the correspondence of Queen Victoria for publication, contributed poetry to The Yellow Book, and wrote the words to the anthem "Land of Hope and Glory". Most important to the study of the excavator of the Mut Temple, he was the author of The Life and Letters of Maggie Benson, 4 a sympathetic biography which helps to shed some light on her short archaeological career. He also wrote several reminiscences of his family in which he included his sister and described his involvement in her excavations. He helped to supervise part of the work and he prepared the plan of the temple which was used in her eventual publication. His younger brother, Robert Hugh Benson, took Holy Orders in the Church of England, later converted to Roman Catholicism and was ordained a priest in that rite. He also achieved some fame as a novelist and poet and rose to the position of Papal Chamberlain. Her publication of the excavation is cited in every reference to theTemple of Mut in the Egyptological literature, but she is known to history as a name in a footnote and little else.A Margaret Benson was born at Wellington College during her father's tenure as headmaster. Each career advancement for him meant a move for the family so her childhood was spent in a series of official residences until she went to Oxford in 1883.
She was eighteen when she was enrolled at Lady Margaret Hall, a women's college founded only four years before.
One of her tutors commented to his sister that he was sorry Margaret had not been able to read for "Greats" in the normal way.
5 When she took a first in the Women's Honours School of Philosophy, he said, "No one will realize how brilliantly she has done." 6 Since her work was not compared to that of her male contemporaries, it would have escaped noticed.
In her studies she concentrated on political economy and moral sciences but she was also active in many aspects of the college. She participated in dramatics, debating and sports but her outstanding talent was for drawing and painting in watercolor.
Her skill was so superior he thought she should be appointed drawing mistress if she remained at Lady Margaret Hall for any length of time. She began a work titled "The Venture of Rational Faith" which occupied her thoughts for many years. From the titles alone they suggest a young woman who was deeply concerned with problems of society and the spirit and this preoccupation with the spiritual was to be one of her concerns throughout the rest of her life. In some of her letters from Egypt it is clear that she was attempting to understand something of the spiritual life of the ancient Egyptians, not a surprising interest for the daughter of a churchman like Edward White Benson.
A In 1885, at the age of twenty, Margaret was taken ill with scarlet fever while at Zermatt in Switzerland. By the time she was twenty-five she had developed the symptoms of rheumatism and the beginnings of arthritis. She made her first voyage to Egypt in 1894 because the warm climate was considered to be beneficial for those who suffered from her ailments.
Wintering in Egypt was highly recommended at the time for a wide range of illnesses ranging from simple asthma to "mental strain." Lord Carnarvon, Howard Carter's sponsor in the search for the tomb of Tutankhamun, was one of the many who went to Egypt for reasons of health.
After Cairo and Giza she went on by stages as far as Aswan and the island temples of Philae.
She commented on the "wonderful calm" of the Great Sphinx, the physical beauty of the Nubians, the color of the stone at Philae, the descent of the cataract by boat, which she said was "not at all dangerous". By the end of January she was established in Luxor with a program of visits to the monuments set out. I don't feel as if I should have really had an idea of Egypt at all if I hadn't stayed here -- the Bas-reliefs of kings in chariots are only now beginning to look individual instead of made on a pattern, and the immensity of the whole thing is beginning to dawn -- and the colours, oh my goodness! The ancient language and script she found fascinating but she was not as interested in reading classical Arabic. Her interest was maintained by the variety of animal and bird life for at home in England she had been surrounded by domestic animals and had always been keen on keeping pets. By the time her first stay ended in March, 1894, she had already resolved to return in the fall. When Margaret returned to Egypt in November she had already conceived the idea of excavating a site and thus applied to the Egyptian authorities. Edouard Naville, the Swiss Egyptologist who was working at the Temple of Hatshepsut at Dier el Bahri for the Egypt Exploration Fund, wrote to Henri de Morgan, Director of the Department of Antiquities, on her behalf. From her letters of the time, it is clear that this was one of the most exciting moments of Margaret Benson's life because she was allowed to embark on what she considered a great adventure.
A Margaret's physical condition at the beginning of the excavation was of great concern to the family. A Margaret Benson had no particular training to qualify or prepare her for the job but what she lacked in experience she more than made up for with her "enthusiastic personality" and her intellectual curiosity.
In the preface to The Temple of Mut in Asher she said that she had no intention of publishing the work because she had been warned that there was little to find. In the introduction to The Temple of Mut in Asher acknowledgments were made and gratitude was offered to a number of people who aided in the work in various ways.
The professional Egyptologists and archaeologists included Naville, Petrie, de Morgan, Brugsch, Borchardt, Daressy, Hogarth and especially Percy Newberry who translated the inscriptions on all of the statues found.
Lea), 10 a Colonel Esdaile, 11 and Margaret's brother, Fred, helped in the supervision of the work in one or more seasons. A It is usually assumed that Margaret Benson and Janet Gourlay worked only as amateurs, with little direction and totally inexperienced help.
It is clear from the publication that Naville helped to set up the excavation and helped to plan the work. Hogarth 12 gave advice in the direction of the digging and Newberry was singled out for his advice, suggestions and correction as well as "unwearied kindness." Margaret's brother, Fred, helped his inexperienced sister by supervising some of the work as well as making a measured plan of the temple which is reproduced in the publication. Benson) was qualified to help because he had intended to pursue archaeology as a career, studied Classical Languages and archaeology at Cambridge, and was awarded a scholarship at King's College on the basis of his work. He organized a small excavation at Chester to search for Roman legionary tomb stones built into the town wall and the results of his efforts were noticed favorably by Theodore Mommsen, the great nineteenth century classicist, and by Mr. Benson went on to excavate at Megalopolis in Greece for the British School at Athens and published the result of his work in the Journal of Hellenic Studies.
His first love was Greece and its antiquities and it is probable that concern for his sister's health was a more important reason for him joining the excavation than an interest in the antiquities of Egypt. 13A It is interesting to speculate as to why a Victorian woman was drawn to the Temple of Mut. The precinct of the goddess who was the consort of Amun, titled "Lady of Heaven", and "Mistress of all the Gods", is a compelling site and was certainly in need of further exploration in Margaret's time. Its isolation and the arrangement with the Temple of Mut enclosed on three sides by its own sacred lake made it seem even more romantic.
14 When she began the excavation three days was considered enough time to "do" the monuments of Luxor and Margaret said that few people could be expected to spend even a half hour at in the Precinct of Mut.
A On her first visit to Egypt in 1894 she had gone to see the temple because she had heard about the granite statues with cats' heads (the lion-headed images of Sakhmet).
The donkey-boys knew how to find the temple but it was not considered a "usual excursion" and after her early visits to the site she said that "The temple itself was much destroyed, and the broken walls so far buried, that one could not trace the plan of more than the outer court and a few small chambers".
15 The Precinct of the Goddess Mut is an extensive field of ruins about twenty-two acres in size, of which Margaret had chosen to excavate only the central structure. Connected to the southernmost pylons of the larger Amun Temple of Karnak by an avenue of sphinxes, the Mut precinct contains three major temples and a number of smaller structures in various stages of dilapidation. She noted some of these details in her initial description of the site, but in three short seasons she was only able to work inside the Mut Temple proper and she cleared little of its exterior. Serious study of the temple complex was started at least as early as the expedition of Napoleon at the end of the eighteenth century when artists and engineers attached to the military corps measured the ruins and made drawings of some of the statues. During the first quarter of the nineteenth century, the great age of the treasure hunters in Egypt, Giovanni Belzoni carried away many of the lion-headed statues and pieces of sculpture to European museums. Champollion, the decipherer of hieroglyphs, and Karl Lepsius, the pioneer German Egyptologist, both visited the precinct, copied inscriptions and made maps of the remains.16 August Mariette had excavated there and believed that he had exhausted the site. Most of the travelers and scholars who had visited the precinct or carried out work there left some notes or sketches of what they saw and these were useful as references for the new excavation. Since some of the early sources on the site are quoted in her publication, Margaret was obviously aware of their existence.
17A On her return to Egypt at the end of November, 1894, she stopped at Mena House hotel at Giza and for a short time at Helwan, south of Cairo.


Helwan was known for its sulphur springs and from about 1880 it had become a popular health resort, particularly suited for the treatment of the sorts of maladies from which Margaret suffered. People at every turn asked if she remembered them and her donkey-boy almost wept to see her. A "On January 1st, 1895, we began the excavation" -- with a crew composed of four men, sixteen boys (to carry away the earth), an overseer, a night guardian and a water carrier. The largest the work gang would be in the three seasons of excavation was sixteen or seventeen men and eighty boys, still a sizable number. Before the work started Naville came to "interview our overseer and show us how to determine the course of the work". A A good part of Margaret's time was occupied with learning how to supervise the workmen and the basket boys. Since her spoken Arabic was almost nonexistent, she had to use a donkey-boy as a translator.
It would have been helpful if she had had the opportunity to work on an excavation conducted by a professional and profit from the experience but she was eager to learn and had generally good advice at her disposal so she proceeded in an orderly manner and began to clear the temple. On the second of January she wrote to her mother: "I don't think much will be found of little things, only walls, bases of pillars, and possibly Cat-statues. I shall feel rather like --'Massa in the shade would lay While we poor niggers toiled all day' -- for I am to have a responsible overseer, and my chief duty apparently will be paying. 18A She is described as riding out from the Luxor Hotel on donkey-back with bags of piaster pieces jingling for the Saturday payday. She had been warned to pay each man and boy personally rather than through the overseer to reduce the chances of wages disappearing into the hands of intermediaries. The workmen believed that she was at least a princess and they wanted to know if her father lived in the same village as the Queen of England. When they sang their impromptu work songs (as Egyptian workmen still do) they called Margaret the "Princess" and her brother Fred the "Khedive". A PART II: THE EXCAVATIONSA The clearance was begun in the northern, outer, court of the temple where Mariette had certainly worked. Earth was banked to the north side of the court, against the back of the ruined first pylon but on the south it had been dug out even below the level of the pavement. Mariette's map is inaccurate in a number of respects suggesting that he was not able to expose enough of the main walls. At the first (northern) gate it was necessary for Margaret Benson to clear ten or twelve feet of earth to reach the paving stones at the bottom. In the process they found what were described as fallen roofing blocks, a lion-headed statue lying across and blocking the way, and also a small sandstone head of a hippopotamus. In the clearance of the court the bases of four pairs of columns were found, not five as on Mariette's map. After working around the west half of the first court and disengaging eight Sakhmet statues in the process, they came on their first important find.
Near the west wall of the court, was discovered a block statue of a man named Amenemhet, a royal scribe of the time of Amenhotep II. The statue is now in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo 19 but Margaret was given a cast of it to take home to England. When it was discovered she wrote to her father: A My Dearest Papa, We have had such a splendid find at the Temple of Mut that I must write to tell you about it.
We were just going out there on Monday, when we met one of our boys who works there running to tell us that they had found a statue. When we got there they were washing it, and it proved to be a black granite figure about two feet high, knees up to its chin, hands crossed on them, one hand holding a lotus. 20A The government had appointed an overseer who spent his time watching the excavation for just such finds.
He reported it to a sub-inspector who immediately took the block statue away to a store house and locked it up. He said it was hard that Margaret should not have "la jouissance de la statue que vous avez trouve" and she was allowed to take it to the hotel where she could enjoy it until the end of the season when it would become the property of the museum. The statue had been found on the pavement level, apparently in situ, suggesting to the excavator that this was good evidence for an earlier dating for the temple than was generally believed at the time. The presence of a statue on the floor of a temple does not necessarily date the temple, but many contemporary Egyptologists might have come to the same conclusion.
One visitor to the site recalled that a party of American tourists were perplexed when Margaret was pointed out to them as the director of the dig.
At that moment she and a friend were sitting on the ground quarreling about who could build the best sand castle. This was probably not the picture of an "important" English Egyptologist that the Americans had expected. A As work was continued in the first court other broken statues of Sakhmet were found as well as two seated sandstone baboons of the time of Ramesses III.
21 The baboons went to the museum in Cairo, a fragment of a limestone stela was eventually consigned to a store house in Luxor and the upper part of a female figure was left in the precinct where it was recently rediscovered.
The small objects found in the season of 1895 included a few coins, a terra cotta of a reclining "princess", some beads, Roman pots and broken bits of bronze. Time was spent repositioning Sakhmet statues which appeared to be out of place based on what was perceived as a pattern for their arrangement. Even if they were correct they could not be sure that they were reconstructing the original ancient placement of the statues in the temple or some modification of the original design. In the spirit of neatness and attempting to leave the precinct in good order, they also repaired some of the statues with the aid of an Italian plasterer, hired especially for that purpose. A Margaret was often bed ridden by her illnesses and she was subject to fits of depression as well but she and her brother Fred would while away the evenings playing impromptu parlor games.
For a fancy dress ball at the Luxor Hotel she appeared costumed as the goddess Mut, wearing a vulture headdress which Naville praised for its ingenuity. The resources in the souk of Luxor for fancy dress were nonexistent but Margaret was resourceful enough to find material with which to fabricate a costume based, as she said, on "Old Egyptian pictures." A The results of the first season would have been gratifying for any excavator.
In a short five weeks the "English Lady" had begun to clear the temple and to note the errors on the older plans available to her.
She had started a program of reconstruction with the idea of preserving some of the statues of Sakhmet littering the site. She had found one statue of great importance and the torso of another which did not seem so significant to her. Her original intention of digging in a picturesque place where she had been told there was nothing much to be found was beginning to produce unexpected results.A The Benson party arrived in Egypt for the second season early in January of 1896. After a trip down to, they reached Luxor Aswan around the twenty-sixth and the work began on the thirtieth. That day Margaret was introduced to Janet Gourlay who had come to assist with the excavation. The beginning of the long relationship between "Maggie" Benson and "Nettie" Gourlay was not signaled with any particular importance. By May of the same year she was to write (also to her mother): "I like her more and more -- I haven't liked anyone so well in years". Miss Benson and Miss Gourlay seemed to work together very well and to share similar reactions and feelings. They were to remain close friends for much of Margaret's life, visiting and travelling together often. Their correspondence reflects a deep mutual sympathy and Janet was apparently much on Margaret's mind because she often mentioned her friend in writing to others.
After her relationship with Margaret Benson she faded into obscurity and even her family has been difficult to trace, although a sister was located a few years ago.
A For the second season in 1896 the work staff was a little larger, with eight to twelve men, twenty-four to thirty-six boys, a rais (overseer), guardians and the necessary water carrier.
With the first court considered cleared in the previous season, work was begun at the gate way between the first and second courts. An investigation was made of the ruined wall between these two courts and the conclusion was drawn that it was "a composite structure" suggesting that part of the wall was of a later date than the rest. The wall east of the gate opening is of stone and clearly of at least two building periods while the west side has a mud brick core faced on the south with stone.
Margaret thought the west half of the wall to be completely destroyed because it was of mud brick which had never been replaced by stone.
She found the remains of "more than one row of hollow pots" which she thought had been used as "air bricks" in some later rebuilding.
Originally built of mud brick, like many of the structures in the Precinct of Mut, the south face of both halves of the wall was sheathed with stone one course thick no later than the Ramesside Period. During the Ptolemaic Period the core of the east half of the mud brick wall was replaced with stone but the Ramesside sheathing was retained. Here the untrained excavator was beginning to understand some of the problems of clearing a temple structure in Egypt.
Mariette's plan of the second chamber probably seemed accurate after a superficial examination so a complete clearing seemed unnecessary. Other fragments were found and the original height of the seated statue was estimated between fourteen and sixteen feet high.
The following year de Morgan, the Director General of the Department of Antiquities, ordered the head sent to the museum in Cairo The finding of the large lion head is mentioned in a letter from Margaret to her mother dated February 9, 1896, 22.
In the same letter she also mentions the discovery of a statue of Ramesses II on the day before the letter was written. 23.Her published letters often give exact or close dates of discoveries whereas her later publication in the Temple of Mut in Asher was an attempt at a narrative of the work in some order of progression through the temple and dates are often lacking.
About the same time that the giant lion head was found some effort was made to raise a large cornerstone block but a crowbar was bent and a rope was broken. The end result of the activity is not explained at that point and the location of the corner not given but it can probably be identified with the southeast cornerstone of the Mut Temple mentioned later in a description of the search for foundation deposits. A Somewhere near the central axis of the second court, but just inside the gateway, they came on the upper half of a royal statue with nemes headdress and the remains of a false beard.
There had been inscriptions on the shoulder and back pillar but these had been methodically erased. The lower half was found a little later and it was possible to reconstruct an over life-sized, nearly complete, seated statue of a king. The excavators published it as "possibly" Tutankhamun, an identification not accepted today, and it is still to be seen, sitting to the east of the gateway, facing into the second court.24 A large statue of Sakhmet was also found, not as large as the colossal head, but larger than the other figures still in the precinct and in most Egyptian collections.
It was also reconstructed and left in place, on the west side of the doorway where it is one of the most recognizable landmarks in the temple. In the clearance of the second court a feature described as a thin wall built out from the north wall was found in the northeast corner. It was later interpreted by the nineteenth century excavators as part of the arrangement for a raised cloister and it was not until recent excavation that it was identified as the lower part of the wall of a small chapel, built against the north wall of the court. The process of determining any sequence of the levels in the second court was complicated by the fact that it had been worked over by earlier treasure hunters and archaeologists. In some cases statues were found below the original floor level, leading to the assumption that some pieces had fallen, broken the pavement, and sunk into the floor of their own weight. It is more probable that the stone floors had been dug out and undermined in the search for antiquities. A An attempt was made to put the area in order for future visitors as the excavation progressed. This included the reconstruction of some of the statues as found and the moving of others in a general attempt to neaten the appearance of the temple. Other finds made in the second court included inscribed blocks too large to move or reused in parts of walls still standing. The statue identified as Ramesses II, mentioned in Margaret's letter of February 9, was found on the southwest side of the court, near the center.
It was a seated figure in pink granite, rather large in size, but when it was completely uncovered it was found to be broken through the middle with the lower half in an advanced state of disintegration. The upper part was in relatively good condition except for the left shoulder and arm and it was eventually awarded to the excavators. A Mention was also made of several small finds from the second court including a head of a god in black stone and part of the vulture headdress from a statue of a goddess or a queen. The recent ongoing excavations carried out by the Brooklyn Museum have revealed a female head with traces of a vulture headdress as well as a number of fragments of legs and feet which suggest that the head of the god found by Margaret Benson was from a pair statue representing Amun and Mut. Another important discovery she made on the south side of the court was a series of sandstone relief blocks representing the arrival at Thebes of Nitocris, daughter of Psamtik I, as God's Wife of Amun.25A At some time during the season Margaret was made aware of the possibility that foundation deposits might still be in place.
These dedicatory deposits were put down at the time of the founding of a structure or at a time of a major rebuilding, and they are often found under the cornerstones, the thresholds or under major walls, usually in the center. They contain a number of small objects including containers for food offerings, model tools and model bricks or plaques inscribed with the name of the ruler. The importance of finding such a deposit in the Temple of Mut was obvious to Margaret because it would prove to everyone's satisfaction who had built the temple, or at least who had made additions to it. A They first looked for foundation deposits in the middle of the gateway between the first and second courts. At the same time another part of the crew was clearing the innermost rooms in the south part of the temple. Under the central of the three chambers they discovered a subterranean crypt with an entrance so small that it had to be excavated by "a small boy with a trowel". This chamber has been re-cleared in recent years and proved to be a small rectangular room with traces of an erased one-line text around the four walls. In antiquity the access seems to have been hidden by a paving stone which had to be lifted each time the room was entered.
A The search for foundation deposits continued in the southeast corner of the temple (probably the place where the crowbar was bent and the rope broken). Again no deposit was found but in digging around the cornerstone, below the original ground level, they began to find statues and fragments of statues.
As the earth continued to yield more and more pieces of sculpture, Legrain arrived from the Amun Temple, where he was supervising the excavation, and announced his intention to take everything away to the storehouse.
Aside from the pleasure of the find, it was important to have the objects at hand for study, comparison and the copying of inscriptions.




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