Hey Mark.I have a set of plans that I bought from Iain late last year that I may or may not be using. Mark Giegel wrote: Is there any appreciable difference is sailing ability between the two ?Yes. Hi James and Allison,We all like the same thing, so Ia€™d consider this a discussion amoung friends, and I stand to be corrected and this is academic, but I hope worthy of thought.I'm not talking about what people build now or just recently, but back then centuries ago.
Hi Mark,The planks were produced by splitting green oak to generate quarter sawn stock for planking. Duckflat have just had their Autumn Build School and one of the hulls built in 9 days was a Tirrik. The money raised will go towards the next spectacular Candles on the Cobb event, to be staged in August 2015, which in turn raises thousands of pounds for local and national charities. More than 120 golfers braved the weather at Lyme Regis Golf Club to take part in the fundraising tournament, with overall winner Mark Colley taking home the Candles on the Cobb Charity Golf Trophy. Candles on the Cobb Committee member Les Herbet said: “We would like to thank Lyme Regis Golf Club for all their help and support, which helped make it a great day despite the wet weather! Thanks go to the following sponsors: British Solar Rewnewables, Neil Cornelius, Amaretto Sport Fishing, beach House Cafe, Voylos, By The Bay, Coastal Gardens, Creative Solutions, Fowlers Plant Hire Services, Gary Stevenson Mobile Marine, Lyme Regis Gig Club, Harbour Inn, Harcombe House, Hawkins Building Cotractor, Haye Farm Holidays, Identity Workwear Ltd, J Larcombe Architectural Consultant, Lee Caddy Property Maintenance, Les Bound Electrical Services, Lyme Regis Boat School, Lyme Regis Power Boat Club, Penny Black Cafe, Frank Quick Plumbing Services, Rob Perry Marine, Rousdon car Centre, Sicor International Ltd, Slipway, SPL Design, Sugar Constrcution, Talbot Arms, The Alcove, The Beauty Room (Beaminster), The Royal Standard, Total Plumbing (Axminster), Travis Perkins, Volunteer Inn, Westco Electricals.
PICTURE: THANKS TO SPONSORS - Candles on the Cobb Committee members with Marcus Dixon of main sponsor British Solar Renewables and golf club staff.
Back in 2007 Gavin Atkin, of In The Boatshed, wrote about an old very rare working craft called the Fleet Trow that worked the shallow waters at the back of Chesil Bank. Well the good news is that the local Lyme Regis Boat Building School have not only built a new epoxy plywood version but they have kindly released the offsets for others to build if they wish. I have listed her here as this type of shallow flat bottomed working craft although rare here in the UK is much more widely seen over in the US.
Student Lodge 3 houses two residential students and provides a shared kitchen-dining-living space. Student design-make team: Carlos Chen, Stephanie Cramer, Sarina da Costa Gomez, Joseph Dacoronias-Marina, Elizabeth Lawrence. The cladding consists of western red cedar from Hooke Park that has been sawn through-and-through and then cut into planks. The bedrooms and bathroom are finished; the reclaimed glazing for the social space is being installed.
Summer builders Camino (Spain) and Federico (Italy) insulate the floor and walls of bedroom 2. June and James measuring the diagonal dimensions of wall 12 before installing it over the deck beams. Design & Make student putting up wall 12 with the assistance of Summer Build volunteers. The second group of volunteers are at Hooke Park helping in the waterproofing, insulation, services and timber framing of Student Lodge 3. Waleed, Myrto, and Steve working in the production and assembly of the window’s spruce frames. Joseph and Liz showing Dominika and Mandy the process of fabricating spruce frames for the bedroom windows. Stephanie working with James, site supervisor, on the installation of one of the headers connecting both ends of Wall WC-02.
Wall #1 being installed over the deck after its prefabrication stage was completed in the Big Shed. Design & Make students coordinating the transport and assembly of the main deck beams over the foundation piles. Design & Make students coordinating the transport and assembly of the main deck beams over the foundation piles. I'm a bit of a Luddite with computers so I can't seem to post any of the images I have, but there are several on the Norse boat building sites. The pictures of the Ness Yoles, built very recently, show that that builder built his a€?Ness Yolea€™ with 6 strakes. I was looking at building traditional, and looking for timber sources, before starting Shearwater. We also wish to thank everyone including members and visitors who took part in this charity golf day. To get WoodenBoat delivered to your door or computer, mobile device of choice, etc, click WB Subscriptions. This student designed-and-built timber-framed building uses recycled local materials, salvaged, and up-cycled objects. The offset waney-edges are placed between the planks at 90 degrees to expose the original tree section profile – which is seen most dramatically near sunset when long shadows are cast across the walls. After thinking 'out of the box' a source of salvage or reclaimed timber that I considered, was to make use of railway sleepers. It has been developed through a series of full-scale prototype mock-ups to tailor the design to the site and anticipated occupation.

Broadley the argument I wish to make is that these boats would originally had fewer strakes.I think it depends on time. Apparently there were ads in the Irish papers for norse boat timber and part hulls as late as the early 19th century.
The railway industries use a lot of the good timbers like Jarrah and Greenheart under the tracks. I conventionally think that 'traditional' boats have many strakes since the 'traditional' dinghies that sail on the South Coast of the UK were built in the 1950s-60s typically post war - used lots of strakes cut from the narrow planks of wood available, but here's the interesting paradox: Ian's double enders are 'descended' from the Shetland boats - the Sixern, Fourern and Eela's that were shipped over from Norway (no trees on Shetland).
I've read somewhere, can't find the reference at the minute, that the Gokstad Faering with three planks has a very low coefficient of drag, in that it has very low wave making.
These boats were built by very skilled craftsman who could build the boats from wide planks to a perfected shape in 3 or 4 strakes.
If we consider a€?living memorya€™ for inclusion in a boat book or photograph perhaps we are talking fifty years back. It also said that as you load up the faering, the drag hardly changed, they could go as fast. So while many may consider traditional to be dinghies with lots of smaller strakes, 'traditional' for the Oughtred double enders really is the 4 strake examples like the Tirrik. I think the Norse builders had figured this by trial an error and new more strakes were an inefficiency. These timbers may look a bit rough on the outside but inside the timber can be pretty good. Personal preference always plays a part - I have several of his plans for the newer multistrake designs (Arctic Tern and Caledonia Yawl) but I was really struck by how simple and elegant the Tirrik was with actually fewer strakes. Plus, the boatbuilders were migratory, going to the fisherman or farmers barn to build the boat in their space when they got the call. They come in nice baulk sized timbers, but you'd need a good saw to cut them and have to to take care, as they relieve the internal stresses.As an example take a look at this UK site, they had Azobe, Jarrah and Greenheart sleepers and baulks.
They had to be really clever, as this mean't they couldn't carry around a building jig as we build as a straight reference, and instead built to a reference of a straight line above the boat i.e. Either it was built to a Norse design in Ireland or it was built in Norway and shipped, no one knows for sure.Some of the Nordland boats were also traditionally built with more strakes, even some smaller ones, there are more photos scattered around that site, but most the smaller boats are 4 strake. The Scandinavian builders perfected the design of the faering etc then it hardly changed for centuries - they could have had as many strakes as they pleased, but settled on 3 or 4 for overall performance and building for good reason. Sticks of a set length could be used to triangulate where the plank edges had to be to get the shape and hold them out, together with an angle board that they put inside the strake to give it the correct deadrise. A response to different styles or availability of timber, they don't say.My boat is out of Doug fir, salvage timber. In the end - build the one that fits your building space and its a labour of love so build the one you find most attractive. Decide what your needs are by deciding where your going to launch and then where you are actually going to sail to, and back. The decked in areas will probably be Fir, Jarrah is a lot heavier than oak so I don't want to use too much of that. The best boat is the one that take you there and back on that journey safely and enjoyably. The smallest boat that meets your needs will be the one that gets used the most especially if your singlehanding.
The Norwegians looking at expanding their territory, also throwing out some of its own outcasts, were looking over the horizon at pastures new. The Shetland Islands were useful to them, as they were on the direct route to Iceland, from where they got to GreenLand, then the North East Coast of North America. There are narrower and beamer versions of many of his designs - he will send you the plans that best suit you if you talk to him. This route was important to them, temperatures were warmer then, and with an Easterly wind could reach across the Atlantic via the Northern Route above the low pressure systems. If your in New York, I believe he's at the Woodenboat 'campus' this summer not so far from you.For 'pre-reading' on clinker plywood the books I've used the most are Ian's Clinker Plywood Boatbuilding, Tom Hills book and Greg Rowsell's Building Small Craft. As such the Shetland was a stop off point, for provisioning, raiding the Scottish Coast, resting or to waiting for good weather inbound or outbound from Norway. Shetland was Norwegian not British from 936.At this time, as now, there would have been loads of big fish in these cold nutrient rich North Atlantic waters. Scotland aserted its authority once it saw the value of the potential fish catch in 1611, when they became what we now would consider part of the UK.The Norwegians were well ahead in inshore boat design, having perfected it for their own use in Norway.
There were no trees on the Shetlands so they had no wood of their own, at no point did they develop these boats: they were purchased complete or as parts, as a tool to fish with, from Norway and shipped to the Shetlands. As such the boats were Norwegian boats, just used in Shetland, and so would have been Norwegian in design and build. I'm not anti GRP or anything, but I don't see how it can actually be done in any other material.
Also a unique selling point and opportunity in todays market perhaps, for such a craft, owner or builder.Build a Tirrik.

Read a few books to understand it in your head, then clear the garage, find good timber and have it delivered.
These four oared boats were used close inshore for transport or to catch bait for the Sixern crews to take further offshore to catch the bigger fish. So that your not surprised, they are sail and oar boats, to allow them to row the waterline beam is fairly narrow.
This means they do tip a bit if pressed as they dont have loads of beam or firm bilges to stand up to excessive sail, so the compromise to have a boat that can row when you need it, is that you have to reef these boats when the wind picks up.
The used fewer strakes because it was quicker to build and required fewer fastenings, saving time and money and leak points.
Many seem to put a bit of ballast in the bilge also to stiffen them up and get them down to their designed waterline: clinker plywood boats can be built very light. Metals would have been harder to come by for fastening or they used trenails: so the fewer the better. This means they'll be going in very slight winds when others need to pull out the outboard.
A master Norwegian builder had learn't how to build the perfected shape in 3 strakes knew the board width, grain orientation, soaking, steaming, hollowing, axing etc method needed to build in three strakes. He would have looked down on a novice who hadn't mastered it and took 6-7 strakes to plank the same shape. Building in fewer strakes would have been a mark of quality of master craftsman who knew the secrets.
I'm saying this as to get sail and oar, means compromising some inate stability to clomp around to have that rowing performance. You may or may not be a rower, but its nice to know you won't absolutely need an outboard unless its very tidal where you are. These old Norwegian master craftsman would look at us cutting up a wide board into narrow strakes and scratch their head or laugh. The 3 strake Gokstad Faering's prismatic coefficient of wave making resistance is supposed to be perfect. They had realised more stakes weren't needed: they had perfected it in 3 sometimes 4 strakes.
There's alot to be said for getting rid of an outboard if you can, so the rowing aspect, even if its just 50 yards to and from a busy dock, has day to day advantages for pleasure of use, not just for rowing raid type events or when its windless. More was an inefficiency.Back then they were living right next to the trees in Norway, so once cut they could split them and have the wide boards needed for wide planking. This can still be done today, but you have to get to the tree before its sawed into narrow planks for construction or furniture uses. Getting wide boards is now difficult, especially if you live on a barren treeless island, so the a€?moderna€™ builders on Shetland, as transport brought them closer to Scotland, built a few boats with more narrower planks.
Shipping wide boards to them would be difficult and costly.So my argument is that the boats that were sent to Shetland were Norwegian boats.
Norways custom to when Inshore craft of Norway was printed in 1979 shows that right up to then smaller and medium sized Norwegian boats were 3 or 4 straked.When we see a Shetland type boat built traditionally planked up in 6 strakes, this is not how they would have been for many centuries on Shetland. The only reason to have a boat like this on Shetland would be the conservation of wood by re-using old planks from bigger boats a€“ cannabilised if you like a€“ to build a smaller one, which was known to happen.
The traditional boats as sent from Norway originally, would not have had 6 strakes, the Norwegians generally didna€™t do this.As I said earlier, narrow planks are for making a very shapely hull or making a boat from only narrow boards available. A a€?moderna€™ boatbuilder can take a Nowegian shape and plank it up in more strakes if he wishes and it will look very nice, and of late with narrow planks available thata€™s how they may have done it, but what Ia€™m saying is, originally the boats sent and used on Shetland were Norwegian, and would not have had 6 strakes. These were tools not playthings, if it was quicker and cheaper and just as good in 3-4 strakes then thata€™s how they built them. With all that time and wood, the Norwegians would have used 6 strakes if it was worth it but they largely didna€™t. The Shetlanders werena€™t pioneers they just used what the Norwegians sent them for 900 years, found it worked and used it. Upto 1830 they were importing boats from Bergen, apparently exactly as they were in Norway.
So at the most Shetland has been developing its boats, from Norwegian ones for about 100 years: 10% of the time Shetlanders have been using these boats.
Rather than buy from Norway, I should think they just bought planks from Scotland and built them themselves -they must have looked at enough over the precedding 900 years, just upping the strakes as they found narrower planks easier and cheaper to get and transport to them.An argument would be that the Norwegians were using 6 strakes originally, and have more recently gone to 3-4 strakes. And recent history on Shetland may have been that they built multistrake, but looking back further, the evidence is that the boats used on Shetland for 90% of the time would have had fewer strakes, 3 or 4, like the Tirrik and Ness Yawl.I think its great. I should read less and build more!Allison, the Boat Building College at Lyme Regis has a website.

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