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These are the things to remember when you build a retaining wall to prevent erosion in hilly areas.
Building a Interlocking-block Retaining Wall - Building Masonry Walls - Patios, Walkways, Walls & Masonry. Interlocking-block walls don't require a footing, but some styles require you to set the first course in a trench to hold the bottom of the wall in place. Starting a foot beyond the top edge of the slope, spread landscape fabric down and over the trench. After the third course of block, backfill the area between the wall and the slope with gravel, just about even with the second course. If your wall is designed with corners, the corner blocks must overlap at the joints to tie the two legs together.
As you build the wall, backfill gravel behind it at least every other course, covering the pipe and bringing the level of gravel up just below the top of the last course you laid.
Using the same techniques and starting every other row with a partial block, continue building the wall and backfilling it with gravel.
Shovel about 2 inches of the topsoil you removed (not the subsoil at the base of the slope) on top of the landscape fabric. The capstones made for block of this or a similar shape cover the V-shaped gaps between blocks in the lower courses. If you're not building a patio or other structure below the wall, spread and tamp the topsoil you removed from the excavation. Making these dreams come true is simpler than you thought -- print these instructions to begin!
From storing items, beds or coffee tables to window boxes, shoe cabinets or comfortable rockers, a wooden pallet is anything but waste timber. If you are passionate about reducing the amount of trees being cut down, then you will understand our call to recycle and reuse old pallets instead of  manufacturing new products. Also, if you are interested in recycling pallets, you will enjoy reading 25 Ways Of How To Use Pallets In Your Garden and DIY Green Living Wall Projects For Your Home. Painted in white, the pallets were transformed in a very stylish board where the TV set was fixed. Add some glass on the surface and fix 4 wheels … the table becomes a more functional piece. Even if it looks heavy for a children, you can take it into consideration when you have a low budget.
Instead, I'm going to start at the beginning and describe each of the carpentry techniques used to build a pitched roof on a house, shed or other structure in detail before moving onto the much more complicated stuff.
The rafter is cut so it sits down onto the wall plate, which is in turn fixed down onto the inside skin of a cavity wall. The ceiling joists span from wall plate to wall plate and are sometimes bolted to the rafters to help stop the ridge dropping and the roof rafters spreading. The overhanging ends of the rafters are cut specially so that the fascia and soffits can be fixed to them.
There are other components like pinch binders, purlins and props that are added to strengthen the roof but I'll cover those on the gable roof page later.
You may remember using trigonometry in school, I didn't enjoy it then and I still don't now! However, when building a roof it is important to understand that to work out most rafter lengths you need a 90A° right angle triangle.
By knowing the span of the roof, and the pitch (the pitch is the angle at which the rafters rise) we can work out the length of the rafters. The wall plates that the rafters sit on and are fixed to need to be perfectly square and level.


To check for square measure diagonally from corner to corner (they should be identical) or you can use the 3 4 5 method to make sure your wall plates have perfect 90A° corners. To level the wall plates I find the straightest joist, lay it from one wall plate to the other and put an 1800mm spirit level on it. Once your wall plates are square and level you're ready to calculate the common rafter lengths. Once you have determined the location and design of your raised patio, stake out the location and use a string line or paint to mark out the area. Compact the base trench as well as the entire patio base area, making a minimum of 2 passes with a walk behind plate compactor.
Like any other Allan Block retaining wall, your raised patio needs to have proper drainage. In addition to managing the water the drain pipe, you will need to manage the water flow around the house foundation (if you are building against a house). To begin building the retaining wall that will make up your raised patio, start by preparing the base. Starting at the lowest elevation, place the blocks on the base material near the front of the trench. Then backfill the entire area behind the blocks and compact in lifts of 8 in (200 mm) or less.
From the second course and above, use a plate compactor to compact directly on top of the blocks as well as the rest of your patio area.
Once the walls of your raised patio have reached the proper height it is time to place in your patio flooring. Keep in mind, a slope in the patio surface is needed to allow water and runoff to drain away from the house foundation. Now your beautiful raised patio can be finished off with with the AB Courtyard Collection by incorporating seating walls or even a pergola.
You also have the advantage of additional privacy, fresh, clean air, beautiful surroundings and of course, no flooding, ever.
And to make sure that water drains faster, make sure that you reinforce your retaining wall with materials that let water pass through such as sand or Geogrid. Some such blocks are made with flanges that slip over the rear edge of the preceding course; others rely on a system of pins. Cut the slope back 12 to 15 inches from the rear of the trench to leave room for gravel backfill and a drainpipe -- a must for retaining walls. If you're using solid block, score the line you want to cut with a brick set and small sledgehammer. Start every other course with a half or partial block so the joints are offset by at least 3 inches or the amount specified by the manufacturer's instructions. Cut half blocks and alternate them with full blocks as shown, following the manufacturer's instructions. When you're one or two courses below finished height, fold the landscape fabric over the gravel and tuck it behind the block. Prepare the next-to-last course by applying a bead of construction adhesive on the surface of each block. Fill in around the base of the wall and level the soil as far forward from the base as the landscape allows.
Since lots of companies are dependent on fiber from wood recycling, why not to try to gain all the benefits for your home? If you share our enthusiasm, a collection of 35 creative ways to reuse and recycle wooden pallets waits to be discovered below! The boards were painted and the space left between them shelters various flowers and plants.


I'll use lots of detailed illustrations too so you should be able to understand it all even if you've no roofing experience whatsoever. Forming a strong triangle is important in lots of types of roof design because it gives the roof it's strength. Although important to roofing, to know how to build a roof luckily you don't need to master trignometry. Importantly, we halve the full span to arrive at the distance each rafter will span on either side of the roof.
To be square they must be parallel - the same distant apart at each end of the roof, and everywhere in between.
The span is the measurement from the outside of one wall plate to the outside of the opposite wall plate. Compaction of these areas are very important as they make up the foundation of both your wall and raised patio.
Choose a flooring option like concrete, pavers, brick or natural stones to fit the design and style of your landscape. See the retaining wall installation guide to determine if your wall will require additional reinforcement. With both types, you don't have to practice throwing mortar or setting block, but you will get an attractive addition to your landscape. Perfect for a lounge area in the balcony or a lovely corner in the garden, wooden pallets can be combined, remodeled and fixed up in practical desks, chairs, bookcases, tables and beds.
If you already know a bit about how to build a roof you can skip down through the easy stuff and find the roof carpentry info you need. Building a raised patio is easy and can add more usable living space and lasting value to your landscape.
Then excavate the area by removing all the surface vegetation and organic materials from the area. Check with your local building officials or with the material manufacturer on recommended installation of this waterproofing material. Keep in mind irregularities in the base course become larger as the wall stacks up, causing your patio to be uneven. Compact the entire area behind the blocks making a minimum of two passes with a walk behind plate compactor. Depending on your choice of pavement, the final course of your wall may be backfilled differently. This will provide the balance and comfort for patio users, while still allowing for proper drainage. Due to the natural phenomenon called gravity, soil in this area become loose and erode easily. When you build a retaining wall, you’ll also have an interesting hardscape that will be the envy of your neighbors and guests.
There's a search toolbar and links in the right column to help you find some of the areas covered as well.
You can use thatretaining wall to hold flowers and plants, or even attach seats for a nice place to chat with your friends.
Buy half blocks and smaller blocks to fit where you need them, or cut them with a masonry blade.
If you need less than a full block at the end of the wall, lay smaller blocks or trim full blocks to fit.



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