French rococo coffee tables,online project plan creation,wood for diy shelves storage,big sky barn doors uk - 2016 Feature

The absolute monarch King Louis XIV died in 1715 and although he had been ruling France with unchallenged autocracy, as a micromanaging control freak for several decades, he also left behind France as the predominant superpower in Europe, an economic and military powerhouse.
Being a superpower, culturally France had an international status similar to USA in recent times. In the early 1700s, New France (Nouvelle-France) was a very large part of French North America. Eventually, France was involved in a brutal war, the Seven Years’ War, that ended in a humiliating defeat and in its aftermath, Louis XV finalized the Treaty of Paris (1763), signing over to other governments almost all French North American territories and in the process, they lost Canada, French Louisiana, and also most of India. Meanwhile, in the separate and secretive Treaty of Fontainebleau (signed in 1762, revealed in 1764), Louis XV ceded Louisiana to Spain. On the home front, France had the highest population of any country in Europe, more than 20 million people at the beginning of the 18th century. Taxes frustratingly kept rising through the mid 1700s, an issue considered among the principal reasons in bringing about the French Revolution. France moved fast on the path towards financial decline and it was accelerated with another decadent period during the reign of the following King Louis XVI and his wife Marie Antoinette, a decadent era for the French upper class that came to a close when the merciless blade of the proverbial guillotine came down in the revolution, ending the lives of many aristocrats, besides King Louis XVI and his wife. Madame de Pompadour met Louis XV at a masked ball celebrating a wedding in 1745, then she became his latest royal mistress.
Tucked away in a corner of Versailles was a high-class private bordello, called Le Parc aux Cerfs (“stag park” or “deer park”), that was full of young available women just to serve the King’s carnal desires. The empowered mistress took unprecedented authority by meddling into France’s foreign policy and advised on taking disastrous decisions. She became so powerful that she removed from office those who she disliked or those who criticized her actions. Louis XIV’s great legacy is forever associated with French predominance, while Louis XV’s name, for most people, is mainly associated with furniture. The prophetic quote “Apres nous, le deluge” – “After us, the deluge (the flood)” – was attributed to King Louis XV and sometimes Madame Pompadour. After the death of Louis XIV (1715) and with a new king, Louis XV, there was a new zeitgeist and a fresh taste of art. People’s relationship with extreme fashion has not changed, but in our modern time-starved society you do not have as much time available, as was the case for French aristocrats in the 1700s. Rococo art is associated with Louis XV and Madame de Pompadour, as they became purveyors of style. Rococo art did not reflect the political and economic reality of the times, even though you could read it between the lines, as explained above. Rococo art was far from political, as it never carried any serious message; heck, it doesn’t even have a message.
When you view Rococo paintings and judge the wealthy by their arrogant, lush and indulgent lifestyles in their own age of decadence, be sure to also see the innocence of happy parents and children and the grace of elegant lovers.
In Rococo art, some culture critics saw very early “disturbing” signs of women’s sexuality spiralling out of control, particularly among some rebellious women in the aristocracy. During an era where France was the epitome of flamboyance, and when everything was elaborate from furniture to hairstyles, those paintings captured the ideal embodiment of the Rococo spirit where the upper classes were preoccupied with their own amusement and luxuries while the common folk lived in misery and the nation kept on losing territories in places like Europe and North America. Rococo art reflecting lack of depth and its portrayal of an upper class pursuing personal amusement was in itself a reaction against the formality of the Baroque style. Critics called Rococo art modish as a fad that emerged then disappeared, they condemned the art style for being frivolous and tasteless.
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Rococo art extensively feature shell-shaped curves and wave-like motifs, particularly in its sumptuous furniture design and interior decor. In modern USA, it included French Louisiana (La Louisiane francaise), which was an extensive colony that included Alabama, Mississippi as well as Louisiana.
The treaty’s cession of Quebec meant permanently losing all of Canada, and other territories around the globe, to the old adversary, Britain. Population was rapidly increasing every year due to diminishing epidemics and lower than ever mortality rates.
The monarch collected unbearable and oppressive taxes from the common folk while reluctant to tax the noble families. France was sliding into poverty while the monarchy was engaged in extremely excessive spending and the aristocrats were content with the absolutist rule that favoured them.
Three decades after the Rococo period receded, the French Revolution shook France and shattered its class system. Acting as a behind-the-scenes politician, her advice resulted in political failures, first of which was the ill-fated alliance that led to France’s defeat in the Seven Years’ War (1756-1763). Even the elegant and charming Louis XV furniture (aka Rococo furniture), was not directly impacted by him. The deluge premonition became true and there was no aversion of the impending political, financial and social collapse. The French had been setting the trends, and while Baroque art originated in Rome, Rococo art originated in France in the 1720s, then spread across Europe where they was a fascination with French art and culture. Just like critics of cheesy bubblegum pop music feel nostalgic towards older music, most probably, Rococo art critics reminisced about the good old days of great art, such as the Baroque art of Louis XIV’s era or Renaissance art. Bear in mind that women’s slightly erotic portrayal was probably exacerbated by male painters catering to the pleasure of male aristocracy, hence women were depicted as lust objects, tempting sirens and libidinous goddesses. The Rococo movement illustrates all of the problems in France as they edged closer towards a historic revolution. Some critics went as far to label it licentious art and hence the backlash grew against it. Import charges previously quoted are subject to change if you increase you maximum bid amount. Economically thriving, even the French peasant class had more privileges than peasants in other European countries, a case in point: forty percent of the farmland was owned by them. It’s not surprising, since Louis XIV turned France into a beacon of art, fashion and culture. Having lost New France in 1763’s treaty, the French had no territories in North America except a group of tiny islands (Saint Pierre and Miquelon) off the eastern coast of Canada that they still control today.
Probably, this arrangement wouldn’t have made his predecessor Louis XIV royally joyful, in whose honour Louisiana was named, in 1682.
Aristocracy as an elite social class, an exclusive club you had to be born into, was prevalent in most of Europe, but aristocrats of France, in particular, were reputed to be the snobs of the snobs, they offensively asserted their superiority over the common people. It became the great European revolution of the 18th century that shaped our modern political world.
She engaged in a physical relationship with him for 5 years but during those few years, she developed full domination over the king, and although their relationship turned platonic, from 1750 till she died in 1764, they were still very close.


The Seven Year’s War involved many nations, making it one of the largest pre-20th century worldwide wars, considered by many historians, and also by Winston Churchill, as the first world war. Despite the political disasters and her fatal influence on French diplomacy, she maintained the fun and entertainment in the monarchy and around the palace with planned events like royal parties and theatrical plays. It was just a style that emerged during his reign producing some of the most sought-after furniture styles of all time.
Chaos engulfed the country only 15 years after Louis XV’s death in the French revolution against the monarchy and aristocracy. The French set the standards for what’s en vogue and in a total monopoly made France the centre of fashion in the 18th century.
Even if today’s women are not comfortable, they can easily pretend to be comfortable in their own styles of choice.
It was an art movement that was not preoccupied with the working class, and you are not likely to find them represented in Rococo paintings. Ironically, the frivolity of the Rococo style is symptomatic of the indifference of the royalty and aristocracy who were largely silent as their nation slid downwards.
Instead here is what you’ll find in Rococo paintings: outdoor scenes, picnics and pastoral settings, graceful lovers and game-playing, naughty behaviour with a sense of humour, a sensuous mood and veiled eroticism. That art style never came back to life and the artists who were well-known Rococo painters couldn’t make it in post-Revolutionary France, as Rococo was forever a symbol of decadence. Baroque art depicted heroism, martyrs and biblical stories, but Rococo painters showed lovey-dovey themes and aristocracy at play.
While some churches were built in and decorated in the Rococo style, generally the religious element was nonexistent in Rococo paintings.
With strong criticism from intellectuals like Voltaire, around 1760s, the movement started to decline in France and slowly throughout Europe. If you reside in an EU member state besides UK, import VAT on this purchase is not recoverable.
He favoured concentrating his reinforcements on battling the British army in Germany and India.
Ceding French territories to the British cemented Britain’s rise as a great superpower in the following century and similarly other cessions aided the emergence of Prussia (the former kingdom of Germany) as a major power. Besides losing territories like those in Canada and Louisiana, which highlighted his weak diplomacy, also his extravagant spending brought the country near bankruptcy, with huge sums of money spent on wars and unnecessary extravaganza.
Their hard daily lives included dancing, hunting, drinking, gambling and a whole lot of gossip. The French Revolution heralded a new era, with no monarchy, no aristocracy and it closed the final chapter of the ancient regime (ancien regime) that lasted more than a thousand years. If you so decide on this career, in exchange for keeping the rich man sensually satisfied at all times in an exclusive relationship on your part, your living expenses and accommodation will all be provided. Morals aside, can you imagine the taxpayers’ cost of maintaining a whole brothel encapsulated in a lavish mansion just for the King’s personal use and enjoyment?! Through the territorial gains following that war, Britain became the leading colonial power. But it went out of control in this very fashion-conscious society where they braved discomfort and sometimes pain pursuing absurdly flamboyant fashion.
The royal mistress’s well-known patronage of Rococo art made her synonymous with that art style. It’s also ironic that while the French political dominance was vanishing before their eyes, their dominance became confined mostly in the sphere of art and culture.
You’ll find graceful lovers in amorous encounters and provocative poses, but you won’t find much that’s thought-provoking or intellectually stimulating.
Larger-than-life religious or political themes were replaced with light-hearted themes revolving around fun, lovers and naughty behaviour.
Just like America introduced to the rest of the world Italian pizza, Japanese sushi, Cuban salsa dancing and Chinese kung fu martial art, France, as a cultural superpower, imported little known ideas then exported them to the rest of Europe during the 18th century. While Louis XV didn’t find Canada important enough, the British were increasing their military might to take over the French territories. His failed policy in Europe and elsewhere cost France her political clout in international affairs.
However much of the Feudalist legacy lived on through the social structure of three classes (estates).
The king was aware of the crises brewing in his nation and the growing anti-monarchy sentiment but his terrible reputation hastened the decline of the prestige of the monarchy and inflamed the opposition. It caused a major cultural shift, not only in visual art but also in fashion and hairstyles. In spite of her non-noble birth, she arrived at the top rank in the palace next to the married King, much to the chagrin of other jealous mistresses. The weak monarch let his mistress take control over him and she subsequently and indirectly reigned over the whole kingdom.
It is rather interesting to note the unintentional role of a French mistress in securing Britain’s path on becoming a superpower.
Her sponsorship of art made Louis XV’s name associated with French art around the world, and France retained her predominance in art and culture. French aristocrats did not work, men and women equally took part in the absurd fashion of the time that reflected their shallowness.
Her commissioning of numerous portraits of herself harkens back to Louis XIV’s patronage of the preceding art period decades earlier, Baroque art.
Although, Rococo art has never been characterized as revolutionary or great art, some of the criticism was aimed at the subject matter and how it disregarded the domestic and international circumstances, be it the fiscal fiascos and the suffering of the peasants, or the overseas political failures. House owners, as always, competed in decorating their houses, and that included commissioning paintings representing themselves flaunting their wealth, for example, garments are painted in a manner to emphasize their affluence. You won’t find paintings that will challenge you, only those that are meant to delight you, beautiful people surrounded by beautiful scenery. You can visualize the revolutionary peasants in the violent riots of the French Revolution ransacking castles and chateaux, destroying any decorative items they come across including, and especially, Rococo furniture and paintings. Baroque used dark colours, Rococo used soft and bright colours in a very optimistic “life is beautiful” ambiance. He earned the reputation of being lazy, indecisive and selfish, a ladies’ man who abandoned himself to pleasure and debauchery.
His interests were not in politics, he enjoyed hunting, feasting, watching concerts and theatrical performances, attending opulent balls in regal costumes and above all his utmost passion was women. Louis XV was having as many problems as sexual partners, and rumours of his lecherous behaviour were spreading. It is remarkable that the self-empowered mistress gained such significant political and cultural influence. Yes, because you still see painful fashion every day when you walk the streets of any major city.
At the French Revolution, Madame de Pompadour was seen as an icon of Rococo frivolity and a symbol of the degenerate culture, spending money that’s not hers, the taxpayers’ money on her ravenous shopping appetite for clothes, furniture, and art.


Leading their luxurious lives, they wouldn’t let those “minor” issues ruin the general mood.
Hence, the pre-revolutionary art of Rococo, with its shallow subject matter, offers a unique glimpse at life of the French upper class. Often described as frivolous because it served no purpose beyond pleasing the eyes and its main raison d’etre (“reason for existence”) was only decoration. Similarly, they started the necktie (la cravat) craze, after they saw it adorning the Croatian solider uniform. Just like many of today’s politicians who ignore the suffering of the working class, till they rise up against the government, he was more interested in his own pleasures than running the affairs of his nation. If anyone out there is sceptical about the benefits of the revolution, they should remember that at least it eradicated all traces of French men in wigs and four-inch high-heeled shoes, studded with glittery buckles. For any French king, it had been a centuries-old tradition to have a bunch of mistresses, it was one way to show their potency and virility, proving their manhood by the number of mistresses they kept.
He spent his time between mistresses and courtesans (exclusive upper class prostitutes for the nobility).
Louis XV became a historical character best recognized by his dalliance with mistresses, among whom is Madame de Pompadour and Madame du Barry.
Similarly to Louis XIV of the Baroque period who had commissioned many portraits of himself and embraced French art and fashion, she took a similar role and commissioned several portraits by one of her favourite Rococo artists, Francois Boucher.
Consumption of luxury was booming and the nobility sought status symbols in their ludicrous and laughable styles.
For those living in opulence and luxury, plenty of time and money could be spent, so they’d stay “a la mode”. However, it’s unfair to single out only Madame de Pompadour, because all of the privileged elite, those portrayed in Rococo paintings, led lives mainly funded by the backbreaking taxes collected from downtrodden peasants. That was the ugly reality you never see in the beautiful Rococo paintings, the tragic dark side behind the light-hearted leisurely outings. Wrath against the aristocracy boiled under the surface and by the time the party was over (i.e. Because trouble had been brewing, these are the last decades of the grand life for French aristocracy. Even the size of paintings went through a drastic change, Baroque paintings with propaganda aims (for the Church or the State) had to be large and easily visible from afar, but Rococo paintings were much smaller in order to make them ideal for decoration.
The apathy of the unpopular King caused a series of political and economic failures, and none of the misfortunes moved him as France was losing her global position. But Louis XV did not just keep old traditions, he was a notorious womanizer which was an obsession that occupied most of his time and left him too busy for his political responsibilities. The French were in need of a monarch who could be a victorious warmonger but all they got was a chronic whoremonger. The public was aware that the King had been failing to take his responsibilities seriously and that Madame de Pompadour was taking charge of the government affairs. Like a Hollywood actress’ final say over her portrayal on a magazine cover, she had total control of how artists depicted her. Despite all the efforts of critics and caricaturists of the Rococo era, ridiculous fashions prevailed. Women would happily dedicate many hours every day to their appearance, some went as far as changing their dresses four or five times a day.
Rococo, mainly for interior decor, became a fad with the French aristocracy and the market expanded for paintings featuring pastoral fairylands and courtship scenes. Purely decorative Rococo art is the reason why it did not earn much respect from art scholars. The clergy themselves raised taxes on the land they owned and they led more than comfortable lifestyles, most of whom were originally from noble families (particularly the high clergy like Bishops and those in abbots), another distressing fact of life for the common folk. A combination of wrong decisions, bad luck, difficult crises and mismanagement ruined his reputation during his lifetime as well as his legacy forever.
Historically, Louis XV is not remembered by any achievements but by his many mistresses, one of whom is Madame de Pompadour. He led a profligate, unrestrained life with extravagant spending, while the nation is close to bankruptcy. Madame de Pompadour was widely blamed for her intervention that resulted in diplomatic disasters and major colonial losses, nevertheless, it is the failed politician, Louis XV himself, who deserves most of the blame.
Occasionally, the commissioned artist would start anew her portrait if she was not pleased by her half-painted image.
Rococo art had an aristocratic artistic taste, hence it was embraced by citizens of other countries who had been imitating French aristocrats. There is no question that Rococo is a true art, nevertheless it’s ostensible that it’s a style created to be mere eye candy, to simply please the spectators.
His reign is widely considered a failure, in addition to the financial problems at home and failed policies abroad, he damaged the reputation of the French monarchy beyond repair and ultimately instigated the anger of the people, that eventually led to the French revolution. She poses in her portraits not as a ferocious femme fatale but as an accomplished woman with great experience and undeniable importance. The growing upper middle-class (the rich of non-noble ancestry known as the bourgeoisie) also started imitating the French aristocracy (noble by birth) in fashion and lifestyle, whose appeal and influence was equivalent to today’s celebrities. Some added to their elaborate hairstyles pearls, feathers and even tiny model ships and some wore horse-hair wigs.
In the department of fashion, like everything else, being competitive is only human nature, even if it meant taking on a comical look, that’s why French women’s skirts kept on getting wider.
Meanwhile, they could tax peasants in addition to collecting rent from those of them who lived on their farmland. Panniers caused inconvenience for most women in public places, so much so that armless chairs had to be around for those women in giant bell-shaped dresses. The nobility had exclusive rights to hunting and fishing that others, such as the peasants, were never granted.
They had many other special privileges passed down over the centuries that made them very unpopular people in France.
While just under 3% of the French were clergy and nobility, the commoners represented 97% of the population.
90% of whom were peasants who lived at or below subsistence levels, earning only enough to feed their families. Even though they were not serfs as they were in the Feudalist age, as a matter of fact up to 40% of the land was owned by them, they were still burdened by many types of taxes. In spite of bread being the main staple of the French diet, they couldn’t even own bread ovens which belonged only to members of the noble class. If you don’t belong to the aristocracy or clergy, you lived in very harsh conditions.



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