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This cottage style architecture was created by adding a 2nd floor and garage to this small rambler. I love your colors and design of this house and have read most of the comments and answers you were so kind to give. Building a Concrete-block Wall - Building Masonry Walls - Patios, Walkways, Walls & Masonry. When you have to butter the ears of several blocks, set them all on end and butter them at the same time. To neatly remove excess mortar from the block, let it set up a little before scraping it off; removing soft mortar can produce smears that are hard to clean. When the mortar has dried, brush the wall with a stiff brush to remove dirt and fragments of mortar.
Step 1: To butter the ears (the flanges on the ends of a block) first set the block securely on one end. Step 2: Slice into the side of the mortar with the edge of the trowel to shape it into an inverted U.
At this point, you can continue to build up the lead on one corner, then the other, or build both of them at the same time. Build up the lead on one end of the footing by throwing mortar for the second course and starting this course with a half block. When the lead on one end is three or four courses high, build up the lead on the other end, using the same techniques. When you reach the center of the wall and have space for only one more block (the closure block), set that block in the space without mortar.
If you're building a long wall, local building codes may require you to strengthen it by constructing core-filled pilasters at intervals along its length.
The pilasters are made by interrupting the course of the wall with two perpendicular blocks set side by side, alternating with a full block every other course. Once you have completed the wall to its finished height, fill the pilaster cores with mortar mixed slightly wetter than joint mortar so it pours more easily. Continue building the leads by moving the mason's blocks up to the next course and properly aligning it.
Control joints allow sections of a wall to expand and contract and rise and fall without disturbing other sections.
From time to time, stop laying block and check the mortar by pressing your thumb into a joint. Some wall designs call for filling the cores of the top course with mortar (called core-filling). Scoop mortar from your mortar box into a bucket so you can carry it with you as you work across the wall. Smooth the mortar in each core with a small trowel, leveling it to the web of the block and taking care not to disturb the J-bolt. Line up the lumber with the J-bolts and mark the 2x so you can drill holes that correspond to the bolts.
Three simple projects to cross off of your to-do list -- just print these instructions and begin! We also include references to key documents on building codes and stair and railing safety. Fire stopping for stairs is required to slow the spread of building fires between floors and to assist in emergency exit. Sketch at left courtesy of Carson Dunlop Associates, illustrates where fireblocking must be installed.


Continue reading at STAIRS, RAILINGS, LANDINGS, RAMPS - INSPECTIONS, CODES or select a topic from the More Reading links or topic ARTICLE INDEX shown below. Try the search box below or CONTACT US by email if you cannot find the answer you need at InspectApedia. Questions & answers or comments about building code specifications for fire blocking at steps and stairways. OSHA estimates that there are 24,882 injuries and as many as 36 fatalities per year due to falls from stairways and ladders used in construction.
Our recommended books about building & mechanical systems design, inspection, problem diagnosis, and repair, and about indoor environment and IAQ testing, diagnosis, and cleanup are at the InspectAPedia Bookstore. The Illustrated Home illustrates construction details and building components, a reference for owners & inspectors. I was wondering, if in your professional opinion, you think liberty park, by Benjamin Moore, would look good, replacing the Copley gray? With 1st experience in dealing with color as I remodel our old double property I am overwhelmed with having to choose exterior colors for the property. You won't be able to complete the wall and strike the joints all at once unless the wall is very small. Take up a trowel-length of mortar from your mortarboard and butter the ears with a downward swiping motion of the trowel. Adjust the position of the block so it's level along the top of the course and from side to side -- tap the blocks into position with the end of the trowel handle.
Butter the ears of the second block in this course and continue laying the block three or four courses high. Grab the block by the sides of the webs and, looking down into the cores, push it into place, lining it up with the others.
In order for the pilasters to receive proper support, you must pour your footing to support them, inserting lengths of rebar into the footing where the cores of the pilaster will be.
You will also have to install rebar in the footing of a retaining wall and core-fill the wall for added strength. Throw mortar for the following course between the leads, butter the ears of each block and set them, working from the leads to the center and keeping the block a consistent distance from the mason's line.
Most backyard block walls won't need control joints; they are necessary for walls more than 60 feet long.
When the mortar will just dent enough to hold a slight thumbprint, it's ready for striking. If you're going to core-fill the top course (for J-bolts, for example) cut a length of metal lath to the width of the block and lay it on top of the next-to-last course. Drill the holes and counterbore them, but wait until the concrete has cured before attaching the board. If you're laying cap blocks, throw mortar on the top edges of the last course and lay the first cap block in the corner. But especially because stairs form a natural building fire spread pathway fire stopping is required by building codes to slow the spread of fire that might follow the under-side of a stairway from a lower floor to an upper one.
There you will notice that the under-side and sidewall of stairs passing through a garage were covered with fire-rated drywall on both the stair side and underside. Nearly half of these injuries are serious enough to require time off the job--11,570 lost workday injuries and 13,312 non-lost workday injuries occur annually due to falls from stairways and ladders used in construction.
The text is intended as a reference guide to help building owners operate and maintain their home effectively.
Don’t make the walls longer than the available logs and include the plans in the log cabin kit if you choose to use it.


I would use the timberline barkwood shingles, chocolate around eaves, and elephant husk, all by Benjamin Moore. If you plan to stucco the wall, simply scrape off excess mortar instead of striking the joints. Then press down on the mortar on the inside edge of the ear to keep it from falling off when you set the block. You can attach mason's blocks and line from one corner to the other to help keep them straight.
From time to time and after the mortar has set up slightly, trim away any excess with the trowel. Lay a mortar bed on the footing between the leads, and set the block, working from both sides to the center.
If there's not enough room, trim the block with a cold chisel or circular saw and a masonry blade. Poke the trowel up and down in the cores a couple of times to make sure the mortar is thoroughly distributed. Butter the ends of the remaining block and set them centered on the wall, tapping them level. The adhesion and friction forces of the confined biopolymer were monitored as a function of time, shearing distance, and driving velocity under a large range of compressive loads (pressures).
Study of frictional values of car tires involved in collisions on snow or ice covered roadways. Thanks for taking the time to answer questions for those of us who need help in choosing color schemes. Strike the horizontal joints first then the vertical joints to allow water to run freely down the wall. More importantly, they show that compliance with OSHA's requirements for the safe use of ladders and stairways could have prevented many of these injuries. Special Offer: For a 10% discount on any number of copies of the Home Reference Book purchased as a single order. You can also cut and bend reinforcement bar into a right angle, and push the reinforcement into the mortar.
Galow specializes in residential construction including both new homes and repairs, renovations, and additions.
Thanks to Alan Carson and Bob Dunlop, for permission for InspectAPedia to use text excerpts from The Home Reference Book & illustrations from The Illustrated Home.
Make some preparation for the site by removing the trees, rocks and underbrush and save any suitable trees for the construction.
Carson Dunlop Associates' provides extensive home inspection education and report writing material.
Special Offer: For a 5% discount on any number of copies of the Home Reference eBook purchased as a single order. Cut and shape the end of the logs and prepare the right amount of logs depend on your plans. Installing log cabin can be done by digging the post holes and install the logs to the holes. After that, you still need to set up the main floor beams and joists, make final preparation to create walls, set the loft supports, build the gables, frame out the roof, install other components and personalize the log cabin if necessary.



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