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Middle East cleantech & environment news covering regional clean technology news, Jewish and Muslim eco-faith issues, eco-design, organic food, architecture, nature, science and health. Another worrying news, which these days is hardly announced from the governmental media, is that Tehrana€™s air pollution has a constant share of the deaths of the city. The study showed the significant relationship between the amount of NO2 and HC in the air and the number of deaths caused by heart diseases. Previously another research done by Shahid Beheshti University in Tehran had showed that the number of people who go to hospital because of breathing difficulties related to the air pollution were two times more in the cold months than the rest of the year. Through the last decade, the image of Tehran is always remembered by the residents with smog and inversion, particularly in autumns. As car users and drivers, the first step we can have is to reduce accident fatalities by having in mind some primary safety hints.
The main cause of the fire is not known, but the hot dried weather has caused a vast area catch fire rapidly. According to Conservation Unit of Iranian Forests, Range & Watershed Management Organization, the aforementioned provinces are in critical condition this year. Due to the scattering of the mountains in impassable mountains of the region firefighting needs helicopters and special air fire fighting facilities, which are not available much in the western parts. During the past few years the Iranian environmental activists have been worried about the great volume of trash which is polluting the environment of around the cities and also far away mountains.
It has been two decades since the first experiences of cleaning the mountains took place by some Iranian mountaineers and environmental activists.
The method that the group uses is to talk face to face to the hikers who are careless about keeping the mountains clean. Talk to the local residents of the region about the importance of preservation of natural environment. Contact city councils, environmental preservation offices, and natural resources offices and encourage them to arrange similar programs.
Contact radio and television channels and websites and inform about the Earth Day and the mountain cleaning programs.
Collect information about the urbanization, road and dam construction, and mining projects and their environmental impacts and give the result of your observations to the authorities. It seems that this method of facing the problem can lead to better participation in people who are going to have a pleasant weekend in the nature. Seemingly, it is possible to clean up the mountains by active participation of people in environmental NGOs not only in Iran, but also in the whole Middle East, like the events in Yemen and Lebanon. There are religious ceremonies and traditions in Zoroastrian culture that are well-known and popular in Iranian contemporary life like Nowruz. The religion that Zarathustra introduced does not recommend burying the corpse of the dead. 1.1 Students learn to identify the role of enzymes in metabolism, describe their chemical composition and use a simple model to describe their specificity on substrates. Most people would know that some animals (like frogs, snakes and lizards) are a€?cold-bloodeda€? and that when the weather is cold, these animals are less active than when ita€™s warm. Each enzyme has a unique shape - it is this shape that means it will make just one reaction go. Enzymes are not usually used up in chemical reactions - they can be used over and over, so they can be present in tiny amounts. Enzymes are difficult to study in high school but there is one in saliva that we can study.
Explain why our bodies need to make large amounts of digestive enzymes (like pepsin) but only tiny amounts of other enzymes (like hexokinase, which is present in every cell and catalyses the breakdown of glucose to glucose 6-phosphate). This experiment is important to addressing the skills outcome H11 (a€?A student justifies the appropriateness of a particular investigation plana€?).
I hope you have a picture of many chemical reactions occurring in your own body right now, each one occurring because of the presence of tiny amounts of enzymes.
So, it is important that the temperature and acidity in your body has to be kept at the right level. Maybe you can think of some changes that occur in your body when the temperature gets too low! The first step to prevent your death is for your body to recognise the change in your body temperature.
I have only considered what happens when there is a danger of you over-heating but there are many aspects of your body that have to be kept constant - for example, oxygen, sugar and water levels in the blood. Nerve impulses travel very quickly, and travel from one small part of the body to another small part. Hormones travel relatively slowly in blood, from an endocrine gland to a number of target organs. An example might be the hormone adrenalin, travelling from the adrenal glands above the kidneys to skin (constricting blood vessels), the pacemaker in the brain (increasing heart rate), the liver (increasing the level of glucose in the blood) and many other organs. At the Mid-Atlantic ridge, a€?black smokersa€? raise the temperature of the ocean above 100oC without the water boiling (because of the very high pressure).
There are other organisms that thrive in temperatures close to the freezing point of water. The temperatures at which organisms are found and the range over which they can survive is because of the enzymes in their bodies. A Grylloblattid - (Grylloblatta bifratrilecta) an insect related to crickets and cockroaches that lives in snow. Leta€™s make our ectotherm the impressive but relatively harmless (if left alone) Red-bellied Black Snake (Pseudechis porphyriacus). Comparing our ectoderm (Black Snake) and endoderm (Wombat) it is clear that both have behaviours and bodies that help them to survive extremes. Your textbook does not give any examples of plants responding to temperature change - only adaptations to temperature extremes -so Eucalypts have drooping leaves which helps them to avoid overheating when the Sun is high; deciduous trees drop their leaves which helps them to avoid frost damage. Responses of plants to temperature change are not common but there has been great interest from horticulturalists over several hundreds of years in the ability of Rhododendron spp to curl their leaves in response to temperature change. Most people would know that some animals (like frogs, snakes and lizards) are a€?cold-bloodeda€? and that when the weather is cold, these animals are less active than when ita€™s warm.A  Why is this?
Enzymes are not usually used up in chemical reactions - they can be used over and over, so they can be present in tiny amounts.A  But most importantly, they only work under special conditions - a narrow temperature range and a narrow pH (acidity) range. That usually doesna€™t happen because things happen in your body to cool your body.A  You sweat, surface veins open up so that blood flows closer to the cooling air, and you breathe more often releasing warm our from your lungs. This is a practical investigation involving second-hand research.A  Before you start it, you should read these notes. I have only considered what happens when there is a danger of you over-heating but there are many aspects of your body that have to be kept constant - for example, oxygen, sugar and water levels in the blood.A  For each, there are receptors that detect the changes and a control centre (usually in the brain) that counteracts the change. Nerve impulses travel very quickly, and travel from one small part of the body to another small part.A  An example might be from a fingertip to a very small part of the brain when we touch something.
There are other organisms that thrive in temperatures close to the freezing point of water.A  For example, there are bacteria-like cells that grow on snow turning it red (to produce a€?watermelon snowa€?). On the other hand, individual organisms can generally survive in a fairly narrow range.A  For example, tropical fish die in cold water, yet antarctic fish would die in tropical waters. Choose an ectothermic animal species, an endothermic animal species and a plant species.A  Dona€™t forget the advice about second-hand research, especially to acknowledge your sources.
Your textbook does not give any examples of plants responding to temperature change - only adaptations to temperature extremes -so Eucalypts have drooping leaves which helps them to avoid overheating when the Sun is high;A  deciduous trees drop their leaves which helps them to avoid frost damage. London UK, 25 May 2016: New independent research from Towards Maturity, supported by Kallidus, reveals that the retail sector may be wedded to formal learning and has yet to explore the benefits of social and informal learning despite its growing commitment to investing in learning technologies and building its internal learning team.
What can today's learning leaders teach us about using evidence to support performance and capability?
Louise Pasterfield from Sponge UK explores Towards Maturity data to uncover practical ideas that could inspire change in your organisation.Induction matters. Mindset, behaviour, values and the ability to reflect, change and grow are all valuable characteristics - but are they being nurtured?
It is certainly a national disaster, which needs national unity as a prerequisite of any governmental action and strategy. In 2006, Hossein Mohammadi, an associate professor of University of Tehran discussed the relationship of the air pollution of Tehran and the deaths during the recent years. This significance is higher in the November, December, and January when the low temperature, high pressure, and high number of inversion days and low-height inversions are combined with the pollutions. It is hard to imagine that the governmental strategies are able to change this situation at least during the next years.
Hassan Emami Razavi, the Deputy Minister of Health said that the traffic accident fatality of Iran is 5 times more than the world average.


Many accidents, which usually have a lot of fatalities, happen in old roads that have been built decades ago with low road engineering standards.
After about one day, some news agencies published news about burn of 500 hectares of the forest.
This is the last one of the series of forest fires that has started since the first days of this hot summer.
The sparse and scattered forests of west of Iran are threatened more than the rainforests of the north. The northern forests experience fire each year too, like the fire that destroyed 130 hectares of forest near Sari in north of Iran in 2009. Ilam province, which is one of the smallest provinces of Iran, embraces a total area of 2 million hectares, from which 640000 hectares are oak and other sparse forests. Along with fast urbanization and population growth in Iran, the number of people who visit the natural environment around the cities have been much more than before.
Abbas Mohammadi is one of the mountain cleaning activists who is the head of a group called Mountain Watch related to the Alpine Club of Iran.
Maybe this is a good way of promoting the level of participation of people in cleaning the natural environment around the cities in long term. Identify the people who are responsible for destruction of the environment to the responsible organizations. They will be careful about keeping clean their entertainment environment and not to litter on the one hand, and on the other hand they will be informed and aware of the importance of the environment and sustainable development generally. Instead the corpse is washed and put in a special tower to be exposed to the sun and the birds of prey. However, because it can maintain its body temperature within a narrow range, wombats can remain active over a much wider temperature range. However, they provide a great opportunity for constructive reflection.Everyone loves winning awards. Kirsty GreanyWhile it's easy to slip on the rose-tinted glasses when looking at the challenges of business 20 years ago, it's fair to say that the landscape has significantly shifted in the last couple of decades.
The result of this pollution is affecting not only human beings, but also the entire ecosystem. Also the weak significance of relationship of the amount of SO2 and CO in the air with the number of deaths of heart diseases was indicated. These kinds of roads are usually located in points far away from the main metropolitan areas or provincial centers. The western forests are located on the Zagros Mountains in west of Iran in provinces like Ilam, Kordestan, Kermanshah, and Khuzestan, which are all near the Iran-Iraq border. However, in 2010 a wave of hot temperatures in the Middle East, India and Europe has made the warmer forests of Zagros more vulnerable. The mountains of north of Tehran, like Touchal and Darband, and also along the inter city roads are the places that usually many residents of Tehran spend their time during the weekends. According to his interviews with the press, one of the aims of groups like the Mountain Watch is to lead the visiting people and the mount hikers to have more environment-friendly culture. Other ceremonies like Mehregan festival are drawing the attention of Iranians more during the recent years.
Organisations with effective induction are more likely to retain their new recruits for longer. Organisations are becoming more team-based, with flatter and less hierarchical structures that see five generations working together - often dotted across different locations, using technology to connect and work. The process also enables learning professionals to reflect on five key issues that impact on designing and delivering a modernised learning strategy. We hope that our contribution will help shape an environment where real-world research informs organisational improvement. Although your ideas may be compelling, it's not easy to execute a plan without support, co-operation and collaboration from peers, stakeholders and business leaders. An example is the birds, especially black crows that flee the environment of Tehran because of harsh air pollution. The accidents that are related to human factor can include the accidents that are caused by human mistake in driving or passing the street, etc., or social and cultural aspects like obeying the driving regulations. Of course this can not be an influential cause, if the regulations are obeyed by the same young people. Similarly just 7 out of 37 types of cars which are produced in Iran have air bag and ABS brake. In addition, the farther mounts like Sabalan mount in East-Azarbaijan Province and Damavand and Alam Kooh, the first and second highest mounts of Iran in Alborz mountain in north Tehran, have not remained naturally clean. As he says some times some members of the group are tired of picking up the trash from the ground and put them in a bag in mountain cleaning events because the unaware hikers litter more rapidly. However, there are points in the old religious culture ancient Persia, which today many Iranians are not informed of.
Entering awards can be a daunting and time-consuming process - an additional task on top of everyday work. They get new employees up to speed quicker and help them reach their performance goals earlier.In its 2014 report about on onboarding, Aberdeen Group found that 68% of companies had no formal process in place. This environmental bad news was announced by Mohammad Bagher Sadough, the head of Citya€™s Environment Agency last year. Although statistically some improvements can be seen, but there is a long way to solve this multi-variable problem. But Mohammadi believes that these attempts have had good results up to now and the similar groups will be more successful by informing people more. It provides L&D teams with the perfect chance to step back and think about what has led to current organisational successes, before sharing those stories and successes.There is nothing more satisfying at work than thinking over your recent activities and realising that there is a lot to be proud of!
We'll be digging into Towards Maturity's data to see what it tell us about changes in onboarding practice, as well as picking out some practical ideas that could inspire change in your own organisation.
They not only need to meet fundamental business targets, but must be dynamic problem solvers who know how to roll with (constant) change.Leadership and management skills really matter - and this includes mindsets, behaviours, values and the ability to reflect, change and grow.
Top performing L&D teams are 3-5 times more likely to be delivering improved productivity and agility today and have much to teach us. I have had the pleasure of working with them and their customers for a number of years and have seen first hand their commitment to identifying and sharing great practices that really work. Last year, the media focused on the issue and announced that car accident fatality of Iran is 25 times more than Japan and 2 times more than Turkey, which has similar cultural conditions to Iran. Only 13% of retailers are investing in blended learning while the average across all sectors is double that figure (26%), with top learning companies nearly three times more likely to be using blends than retail companies (35%). Seek, support and develop leaders right and you'll have more engaged, productive, and profitable businesses. It provides contemporary measures that focus on performance improvement and great tactics that help L&D teams become more responsive to the changing needs of business.
This research highlights the fact that L&D teams must develop new mind-sets and skills, quickly.
This may be due to a lack of required skills and knowledge, as the research indicates over half lack the confidence in incorporating new media in learning design and only 4% believe their L&D teams have the skills for facilitating collaboration.
Benchmarking can help you get started on your way to winning and help you clarify what's been successful - here are 6 perfectly valid reasons to use it.How benchmarking can helpWe are not promising that benchmarking will definitely lead to trophies in the cabinet. So it's no wonder that companies spent nearly $31 billion on leadership programs last year.
It leverages the data of its in-depth Benchmark Study, the largest learning technology benchmark in Europe.
That is why in June 2010, Alireza Zamani, a Parliament member, asked for making the back seat belt use compulsory to reduce the fatality. What is more 71% do not believe that their own staff lack skills to manage their own learning. Secondly, the scale of the work ahead, as 95% of respondents want to improve induction with only 39% meeting that goal. Also, just 23% agree that their L&D teams have the skills to use technology for business advantage.
These are tried and tested approaches that we've used in partnership with our clients to produce effective and award-winning learning interventions that deliver impactful change.1.
With such a big gap between aspiration and performance, the induction challenge seems daunting but there is evidence that learning innovation is turning the tide. Here are six compelling reasons why benchmarking can help turn the possibility of being an award winner into a reality:1. The Towards Maturity benchmarking process gets organisations, and L&D in particular, thinking on the right track.


Incredibly, ‘Top Deckers' are 50 times more likely than the lowest performers to improve talent strategies to keep their best people.
These aren't the only source of future leaders, of course, as many other potentials are already in-house, out there to be recruited or returning to work after having children. However, the world of work is changing and organisations are increasingly looking for more modern approaches to learning that support the fast-moving world of work and the needs of an increasingly digital workforce.
It’s a great place to start, if you want to establish a strong foundation for change.
Work with the subject matter expert or the business customer to identify the main objective of the programme. Our research with employees in this sector shows that staff are more able to learn for themselves than L&D give them credit for. Using real life ideas can help inspire new approaches that will make a difference in your own situation. The vast majority we talked with were frustrated by the lack of transfer back to the job after managers had participated in training. This will not only help you design the programme, but will also help you measure its effectiveness.
It's very easy in today's busy world to not make time for reflection, yet reflection is critical to success. Inspiration by example We've identified four techniques used by organisations in their induction programmes that relate to the tactics of the top performing organisations highlight in the Towards Maturity Industry Benchmark Report.
The purpose of the Show is to inform and inspire L&D professionals to improve not just their personal performance but that of their organisation.
They are three times more likely to use benchmarking as a performance improvement tool - benchmarking against the tactics that improve performance.
By benchmarking you enable yourself to reflect, take stock and focus on the activities that really make a difference.2. While every organisation is different, examples of good practice and innovation in other companies can offer inspiration for change. First, it seems there's a lack of measures put in place for management and leadership training. By reflecting on and analysing organisational performance, activities and practices, L&D can identify organisational strengths and areas of high performance.
Secondly, it seems that the learning strategy many apply to management and leadership training is often out of sync with the audience's needs. The leading sports retailer has been providing online onboarding since 2013 with more than 25,000 employees, across the 19 countries going through the programme. Data from Towards Maturity reveals that 83% of new starters like to learn at their own pace, with 44% using their own mobile to learn.With this in mind, Sports Direct used the Adapt multi-device responsive elearning framework for its online content. Receive your Personalised Benchmark report analysing current performance and tailored action plans valued at £300 - free until 15 July. Just as importantly, benchmarking identifies weaknesses and those areas of low performance. It means employees can access the elearning on a smartphone or tablet, giving them maximum flexibility.
You can read more about Sports Direct's approach to induction in Inside Learning Technologies & Skills magazine.
Only 39% offer mobile content, and 30% have no plans to implement social media for leadership development.
Towards Maturity data reveals that 87% of Top Deck organisations agree that top managers are involved in promoting learning, compared with an average of 37%.UK infrastructure company, Story Contracting features a video message from the company owner and Chief Executive, Fred Story in its new online induction. It's no wonder then, that there is a lack of transfer from learning to doing, if the learning doesn't fit in with everyday lives and habits in the first place and isn't focused on supporting performance there and then. The not for profit organisation champions better work and working lives and has been setting the benchmark for excellence in people and organisation development for more than 100 years. Pinpointing strengths and weaknesses enables L&D and business leaders to really hone in on performance. This isn't to say there aren't some great examples of modern, blended, performance-focused leadership development - there are some cited in Towards Maturity's paper. What can we learn from these?How leadership solutions can #makeithappenIt's time to close the gaps and deliver the type of learning solutions that will engage and really help leaders.
Benchmarking does what it says: it provides organisations with a benchmark to measure themselves against others. New staff and partners joining Specsavers are able to earn a virtual coin by completing the company's new induction course.
To really help them, we need to offer easy to find performance support that is genuinely useful and relevant to leaders and managers' points of need. You can use it to see how you are performing on various aspects of organisational practice compared to others.
The business then makes a real cash donation to the charity chosen by employees in proportion to the number of virtual coins earned.You can read more about the Specsavers' approach here. Since 2003, over 4,500 organisations and 23,000 learners have contributed to Towards Maturity's leading benchmarks. For example, have you properly embraced mobile learning and are reaping the kinds of benefits that some organisations are enjoying? But we also need to help develop those deeper skills and behaviours in ways that fit with leader's (crazy) lifestyles. What are the top performing companies in the Towards Maturity benchmark doing in terms of mobile learning? An average of 48% of Benchmark respondents reported that elearning not being tailored sufficiently was a barrier to success. As a baseline, that means moving away from solely ‘event' based learning - three-day workshops or long online courses - and embracing more resource or micro-learning approaches that provide short challenges and tasks as nuggets that help build skills and insights over time. It can be really useful to know what characteristics top performing companies have in common and what is driving their success.5. United Biscuits (UB), the company behind household names such as McVitie's, Jaffa Cakes and Penguin, wanted to make sure its induction programme was relevant to both new starters and any existing employees who might access the training. We would say that providing simulations, interactive videos and meaningful games can make smart use of a leaders' precious time, and build the competence and confidence leadership roles require - so ROI for L&D too. UB used video of real employees talking about their jobs to add relevance and authenticity to the content.You can read more about the experience at United Biscuits in HR Grapevine magazine. This report gives clear, insightful indicators about your strategy's current strengths and how that compares to your peers. Supporting or providing social spaces for informal learning and sharing is key too - the how will depend on who your audience is and how they currently work together.Measurement comes into play here as you have managers, teams, and peers providing tailored feedback about performance and application. The aim is to help L&D professionals focus on one area of action that will help them deliver impact. But leadership and management development is often holistic, and ongoing - like a journey rather than a series of interventions. And, if improving induction is your focus, there are more ideas in Sponge UK's Rough Guide to Induction. To track what tools, learning, and performance support is used by an individual is a bit of a red-herring - especially if you're genuinely offering it up to help them in anyway that works for them.
Louise PasterfieldManaging Director, Sponge UK Louise has more than 20 years' experience in learning and design and is passionate about making elearning absorbing so staff can apply what they have learned immediately into the workplace.Her interest is in how best to harness technology so people can learn, grow and make a difference to their organisations. There has to be some bigger, business goals to be measured, alongside the individuals' performance or growth targets, and it might take a little while for the data to come in for these. In terms of those millennials as future leaders - don't leave it too late before you start developing them.
In Deloitte's report on this generation, Not only is this generation notoriously flighty and ready to up and leave within two years, but 70% of those ready to jump ship cite lack of leadership training as the reason why. Just think about how that Personalised Benchmark Report will help you deliver better results.Unsure if you are ready?Benchmarking will help you make up your mind if you should enter an award this year or wait until next year when you have had a chance to build further on current successes. So to attract and retain talent, and build leaders of tomorrow, open up those digital, multi-device resources -  simulations, diagnostics, videos, podcasts, tools and more to anyone who's interested.



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