Alternative medicine in canada use and public attitudes,herpes genitalis lokale behandlung,herpes genitalis treatment acyclovir dose - PDF Review

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Of the 42% Canadians who use alternative medicine, 59% (25% of all Canadians) use chiropractic, more usage than any other alternative medicine. A representative cross section of 1,200 Canadians were polled by telephone August 22-24, 1997. In the past 12 months, how often have you, a doctor of chiropractic, taken an OTC medication for any reason? Populations throughout the world use traditional medicine to help meet their primary health care needs. In 2002, in an effort to meet the growing challenges in the area of traditional medicine, WHO developed a comprehensive working strategy for TM for 2002-2005. In May 2003, the 56th World Health Assembly adopted a resolution on TM, which urges Member States, in accordance with established national legislation and mechanisms, to adapt, adopt, and implement the WHO Traditional Medicines Strategy as a basis for national traditional medicine programmes or work plans. WHOa€™s mandate is to provide adequate support to countries to promote the safety, efficacy, quality, and sound use of traditional medicine and complementary and alternative medicine.
In the Western Pacific Region, for example, the WHO Regional Office organized a series of workshops to support countries in developing and formulating their national policy on TM, issued a document on the development of national policy on TM in 2000, and developed an action plan on TM in the Pacific Island States in 2001. Over the past four years, WHO has developed a series of technical guidelines to support countries in establishing the regulations for ensuring the safety, efficacy, and quality of TM therapies and products. In 1999, a WHO report on malaria in Africa revealed that over 60 % of sick children with fevers were treated with herbs at home and by traditional health practitioners - often the only form of treatment they received. In addition, in 2003 WHO developed guidelines on Good Agricultural and Collection Practices (GACP) for medicinal plants and initiated the development of guidelines on assessing the safety of herbal medicines, with particular reference to residues and contaminants. The quantity and quality of the safety and efficacy data on traditional medicine are far from sufficient to meet the criteria needed to support its use worldwide.
Although there has been a recent increase in the number of governments that regulate herbal medicines, national regulation and registration of herbal medicines vary from country to country.
However, a group of herbal products categorized other than as medicines, may also exist within the same country.
WHO recognizes that TM knowledge is the property of the communities and nations where that knowledge originated and should be fully respected.
In 2002, in response to increased awareness of intellectual property rights issues relating to TM, WHO held an inter-regional workshop on this in Bangkok, Thailand. In 2003, WHO developed guidelines on GACP for cultivated and wild medicinal plants (see also EO 2.2), which are designed, inter alia, to encourage and support the sustainable cultivation and collection of medicinal plants of good quality.
Many countries have started to take action on protection of traditional medicine through recording the use of their traditionally used medicinal plants.
One of the major challenges in the use of TM is the lack of measures to protect and preserve the TM knowledge and national resources necessary for its sustainable use.
In 2002, WHO published Volume 2 of the WHO monographs on selected medicinal plants, containing 30 monographs. Traditional medicines are increasingly used outside the confines of traditional culture and far beyond traditional geographical areas, without proper knowledge of their context and use. There is a widespread misconception that a€?naturala€™ means a€?safea€™ and many believe that remedies of natural origin carry no risk.
The WHO Essential Medicines and Health Products Information Portal was designed and is maintained by Human Info NGO. Complementary and alternative medicine is defined as any medical system, product or practice that is not thought of as a standard of care.
Complementary medicine usually refers to the use of these services and products in conjunction with mainstream medicine, whereas alternative medicine means using them instead of mainstream medicine.
Over 5 million Canadians have reported using some form of alternative or complementary health product in the past year.
These treatments are rooted in a different belief system than the one underlying mainstream medicine. Complementary and alternative medicine is based on tradition and belief, and doesn’t have a strong research tradition or infrastructure. In spite of the lack of high quality evidence about the benefits and harms of many of these treatments, and the fact that Canadians usually pay for them out of pocket, over 76% of Canadians have purchased natural health products such as vitamins and herbal products, and about 70% of Canadians use these products at least once weekly. The growing use of complementary and alternative medicine has led to a broader regulatory focus on these products and professionals.
Kirsten Smith, a Toronto-based naturopathic doctor sees regulation as an opportunity for naturopathic medicine to gain broader acceptance, saying that “it validates the profession.” However, Heather Boon, a researcher at the University of Toronto and one of the founding chairs of the Canadian Interdisciplinary Network for Complementary and Alternative Medicine Research is concerned about the impact of regulating these groups. Boon notes that “the big issue is that regulation is supposed to protect the public, and it is still not clear how the colleges, in regulating these groups, will do that.” Boon questions who will bear the costs of setting up expensive, bureaucratic infrastructure for regulation. In spite of the costs, and the lack of information about effectiveness, many Canadians have embraced complementary and alternative medicine, mostly using it in addition to mainstream therapies. Mainstream medicine, however, has been slower to accept many of these products and practitioners.
Bill Evans, a medical oncologist and president of the Juravinski Cancer Center in Hamilton says that some “patients are afraid to tell their doctors” about the natural health products they are using, or practitioners they are seeing, for fear that “their doctor won’t approve, and at the least will scold them, and at the worst, withhold treatment.” However, it is crucial for doctors to know what treatments patients are using, because there is evidence that some natural products and prescription drugs can interact. There are efforts to provide further guidance to doctors on how to have these conversations, and to learn about their patients’ use of complementary and alternative medicine. Many Ontarians use both the mainstream and complementary and alternative health care systems at the same time, despite the two systems’ different underlying philosophies and approaches to evidence. Ontarians avidly use the services of mainstream medicine and demand increasingly “high tech” tests and treatments. Despite their skepticism of some of the claims of mainstream medicine, patients are increasingly willing to use complementary and alternative medicines, many of which have little evidence to support their impact on health outcomes.
What is the most important reason for the growing use of complementary and alternative medicine?

Would have liked to see a more indepth discussion about the spectrum that is alternative medicine.
The obvious bias towards conventional medicine, coupled with the lack of useful information about CAM therapies resulted in an article that came off as judgmental and dismissive of all those engaging in unconventional care – both the practitioners and patients. Tara, please enlighten us as to what about CAM this article misrepresents through its supposed bias.
As a practitioner, one of my major concerns is that due to a lack of regulation, often there is no way to verify what is actually in a bottle with a certain label. Ritika is quite right that there is indeed significant variability in the potency of natural products.
Interestingly, for anyone who has wondered what the difference is between Cold FX, generic knock offs, and Wild American Ginseng (from which Cold FX and knock offs are made), it is precisely this issue of dosing. Yes it does come down to the fact that it is a billion dollar industry and it is demanded by the consumers!
Yes, after having voted in the poll system above, I do think that the main reason why so many patients continue to seek alternative medicine is because the holistic therapies, herbal remedies, acupuncture, etc have been around for centuries. Could you reference where you found the statistics on who uses CAM in Canada and how much they spend? To clarify as per my quote, Naturopathic Doctors are regulated, however we are currently in the process of transitioning to a different governing body (the RHPA) which would be an improvement for both the public and the profession. I am glad this article was published as it has generated some good discussion and many questions; namely blowing open the clear necessity to do a series of articles addressing these topics as they are the source of a lot of confusion for both the public and health care professionals, and frankly, it would be of great value to everyone to shed some light on the facts. What role do alternatives approaches to health care play in terms of the various chronic diseases that are either epidemic or rapidly becoming so?
I optimistic that this forum can address many of these topics with clarity, facts and lack of bias.
Imagine the outcry if this basic safety information was left off the labels of medications made by big pharma. This document is provided under the terms of a CreativeCommons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike license.
Chiropractic Research and Studies Chiropractic alternative medicine has been shown by scientific research to be safe, effective and saves time and money. Infants and Chiropractic Chiropractic alternative medicine has also been shown to help newborns and infants with health issues.
Headaches Chiropractic was found to be an effective treatment for people suffering from tension headaches in a 1995 clinical study. A poll of Canadian adults conducted by the Angus Reid Group reveals many interesting facts about users of "alternative medicine" in Canada.
It requests WHO to support Member States by providing internationally acceptable guidelines and technical standards, seeking evidence-based information, and facilitating information sharing.19 WHO Regional Committees in AFRO, EMRO, SEARO, and WPRO have each discussed TM at recent sessions.
As a result, there has been no parallel development of standards and methods, either national or international, for evaluating them. In addition, seven regional training workshops have been held in five WHO regions (covering 52 countries) to help strengthen national capacity in the regulation of herbal medicines.
However, the safety and efficacy of these antimalarial herbs have not been fully understood.
In 2003, WHO also supported China in the evaluation of research in integrated treatment for SARS cases. One of the reasons for the shortage of research data is the lack of financial incentives as most of these products are not covered by patents. Moreover, the regulatory status of a particular herbal product varies in different countries. However, in many parts of the world, knowledge of TM is often passed on orally from one generation to the next, and can easily be lost or incorrectly transferred. The African Region has also organized a meeting of regional experts to discuss guidelines for the protection of TM knowledge. For instance, in CA?te da€™Ivoire, the TM programme at the Ministry of Health carried out a survey involving traditional health practitioners in 7 of its 19 regions. Another is the potential discovery of active ingredients in TM that could be used in R&D and patented for use in Western medicine - leaving the country and community of origin without fair compensation and with no access to the outcome of the research.
Moreover, they are also used in different doses, extracted in different ways, and used for indications which are different from their traditional intended use. There are many complementary and alternative providers and products in Canada, including homeopaths, naturopathic doctors and traditional Chinese medicine practitioners who use products like herbs, homeopathic preparations, and vitamins. Complementary and alternative medicine is big business in Canada, and is estimated to cost about $2.35 billion per year. Mainstream medicine is scientifically based and focused on evidence, often using randomized controlled trials to demonstrate the benefits and harms of a treatment or procedure. However, the amount of research generating evidence about complementary and alternative medicine is growing. In 2004, Health Canada created the Natural Health Products Directorate, which has been tasked with regulating natural health products and is supposed to ensure that Canadians have access to safe and high quality products. In cancer, this is particularly problematic because herbs and vitamins have been found to interact with chemotherapy for about 25% of patients, who are using chemotheraphy in conjunction with herbs and vitamins. For example, the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario is undertaking public consultation to update their policy that outlines how doctors should assess and treat patients using complementary and alternative medicines. However, at the same time they are also skeptical about some of the claims of mainstream medicine.
Many patients, however, are unconcerned about the lack of scientific evidence, and instead focus on historical experience.

I do recall hearing of studies that found there to be surprising variability in what can actually be found within bottles with the same label. So, naturally (pun-intended) many patients strongly believe that there are some healing properties to these treatments. The Board of Directors of Drugless Therapy – Naturopathy (BDDT-N), appointed by the Lieutenant Governor in council, has been responsible for public protection in Ontario with respect to the practice of Naturopathic Medicine since 1925. And what is their scope of practice that they have the right to practice free from prejudice? The use of alternative and complementary medicine is no longer restricted to a few unusual individuals receiving therapies from .There is no scientific evidence to prove that Reiki can prevent, treat or cure cancer or any other disease.
It plays an important role in treating illnesses as well as improving the quality of life of those suffering from minor illness or from certain incurable diseases. The WHO Regional Committees for Africa, Eastern Mediterranean, South-East Asia, and Western Pacific adopted resolutions on TM in 2000, 2001, 2002 and 2003 respectively.
This is especially true of herbal medicines, the efficacy and quality of which can be influenced by numerous factors. Four WHO Regions (AFRO, AMRO, EMRO, and SEARO) developed regional minimum requirements for registration of herbal medicines based on WHO technical guidelines. In response, in 2000 WHO initiated a pilot project on the contribution of traditional medicine in combating malaria and has been supporting national clinical studies on antimalarial herbal medicines in three African countries.
Scientifically justified and accepted global research methodology for evaluating the efficacy and safety of traditional medicine is a major challenge. The appropriate use of TM requires the transfer of correct knowledge and practice, in order to ensure its safety and efficacy. As a result of this, a list has been drawn up of more than 1000 plants used by traditional health practitioners in these regions and the TM programme has developed national monographs on 300 of these medicinal plants. The European Commission recommends WHO monographs to its members as an authoritative reference on the quality, safety, and efficacy of medicinal plants. To compound the problem, contrary to their use in the traditional context, traditional medicines are now often used in combination with other medicines - a practice which has become a safety concern.
However, critics point out that many treatments in mainstream medicine have not been rigorously evaluated. For example, the National Institutes of Health, the primary government research funding agency in the United States, has a center focused on improving the amount and quality of evidence in complementary and alternative medicine.
Similarly, in Ontario, legislation was passed in 2007 to regulate practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine and acupuncture, naturopathic medicine and homeopathy.
The skepticism is partly driven by well-publicized examples of unexpected harms of treatments like Vioxx and hormone replacement therapy, as well as the continued burden of diseases like multiple sclerosis and some cancers, which have established treatments, none of which work for all patients, and many of which come with a myriad of undesirable side effects.
In order to practice Naturopathic Medicine in Ontario Naturopathic Doctors must be registered with the BDDT-N.
In some countries many of the things currently on our shelves are only available by prescription from a trained professional.
And that patients have the right to utilize different approaches to their care without discrimination, bad treatment or disrespect? We are a collection of volunteers and starting a new project in a community in the same niche.
But many healthcare professionals accept Reiki as a useful .Essiac is a herbal remedy originally from Canada. Of the 42% who use alternative medicine 55% (or 23% of all Canadians) have been using it for over five years. By posting your comment, you agree to allow MPA Media the right to republish your name and comment in additional MPA Media publications without any notification or payment. The regulation and registration of herbal medicines are the key measures to ensure their safety, quality, and efficacy. An additional challenge is the increasing popularity of herbal products categorized other than as medicines or foods. Today, over 12 other countries use WHO monographs for their regulation and registration of herbal medicines. If you couple those two points, it becomes clear that the widespread acceptance of CAM has more to do with the psychological impact it has on patients than anything else. The impact on the public and on the profession of transitioning to the RHPA has been thoroughly researched by a team of health care policy professionals.
There is no scientific evidence to show that Essiac can treat, prevent or cure cancer or any other serious illness .Alternative cancer treatments are alternative or complementary treatments for cancer that have not been approved by the government agencies responsible for the . There is an increased risk of medicine-related adverse events, due to lack of regulation, weaker quality control systems, and loose distribution channels (including mail order and Internet sales).
Elsewhere, the Iranian Government has also taken steps to protect its TM knowledge - in 1991 establishing the National Academy of Traditional Medicine in Iran and Islam and in 2002 recording 2500 flora among 8000 traditionally used medicinal plants in Iran. In addition, several countries, including Armenia, Benin, Mexico, Malaysia, South Africa and Viet Nam, have developed their own national monographs based on the WHO format. CAM treatments give more hope to patients, and as we have seen from the last US presidential election, hope is powerful – more powerful of a force than we consider it to be.
I do not discourage my patients from using CAM but I do try to ensure they approach such treatments with appropriate vigilance.

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