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admin 05.07.2014

Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the herpes simplex viruses type 1 (HSV-1) or type 2 (HSV-2).
You may become infected with herpes if your skin, vagina, penis, or mouth comes into contact with someone who already has herpes. You are most likely to get herpes if you touch the skin of someone who has herpes sores, blisters, or a rash. Many people with genital herpes never have sores, or they have very mild symptoms that go unnoticed or are mistaken for insect bites or another skin condition.
Genital symptoms include the appearance of small, painful blisters filled with clear or straw-colored fluid.
Some people have genital herpes attacks only once a year, while others have them so often the symptoms never seem to go away. Genital herpes can cause recurrent painful genital sores in many adults, and herpes infection can be severe in people with suppressed immune systems.
The diagnosis of genital herpes is based on an individual’s medical history, their signs and symptoms, and the results of tests.
Culture test — A culture test determines if herpes simplex virus is present in blisters or ulcers. Blood test — Blood tests are often used when a person believes he or she may have been exposed to the herpes virus in the past, but has no visible ulcers. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test — The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test is a very sensitive test for identifying the herpes virus in cells and secretions from the urinary and genital tracts. Depending on your needs, your doctor can give you drugs to take right after getting outbreak symptoms or drugs to take on a regular basis to try to stop outbreaks from happening.
In the initial stage, VZV has an incubation period of about 14 days, after which pustular lesions appear in waves for about five days.
VZV is one of the most infectious viruses known, so there is very little that can be done to prevent infection.
According to the Department of Health statistics, in 2014, there were 1,398 cases of genital warts in men, which was 2.5 times the number in women. Genital warts appear between two weeks to eight months after contact with an infected person.
For men, the most likely symptom is having small itchy or painless lumps appear on penis, scrotum or the anus. For women, the cauliflower-shaped lumps can appear around the vulva or inside the vagina where they are hard to notice. If you see wart-like bumps on your sexual organs, you need to be examined by a doctor who usually can tell whether you have genital warts just by looking.
You have to return to your doctor or clinic for regular follow up to check the progress and make necessary changes in your treatment.


The person(s) you have had sex with must also be checked for genital warts and seek treatment when indicated. Syphilis is an infection which comes in 3 stages and caused by bacteria known as treponema pallidum.
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease caused by bacterium called chlamydia trachomatis. Genital warts caused by some types of HPV (human papillomavirus) look like flesh-coloured or white smooth tiny bumps. Genital warts are easily mistaken for pearly penile papules which are tiny white or flesh-coloured bumps that circle the edge of the penis. However, the herpes virus can still be spread even when no sores or other symptoms are present. Regardless of severity of symptoms, genital herpes frequently causes psychological distress in people who know they are infected. It is important that women avoid contracting herpes during pregnancy because a newly acquired infection during late pregnancy poses a greater risk of transmission to the baby.
Herpes can make people more susceptible to HIV infection, and it can make HIV-infected individuals more infectious. But the antiviral drugs acyclovir, valacyclovir, and famciclovir can shorten outbreaks and make them less severe, or stop them from happening. It is important to distinguish genital herpes from other sexually transmitted diseases, particularly those that also produce genital ulcers, such as syphilis and chancroid. These tests can usually confirm infection and identify which virus (HSV-1 or HSV-2) is responsible. However, a herpes culture detects the virus in only about 50 percent of individuals with genital ulcers. A blood test can detect antibodies (proteins that are produced by the body in response to a foreign substance) to HSV type 1 and type 2. The PCR test is more sensitive than the culture test, but is not routinely used due to its higher cost. In fact, since chickenpox is, for some unknown reason, much more severe in adolescents and adults, before a vaccine was developed many families would intentionally expose their young children to an infected individual. However, condoms cannot provide complete protection if warts are on areas not covered by a condom. Condoms can reduce the risk of transmission of the wart virus, but parts of the body not covered may not be protected (e.g.
The chancre can appear as early as the 9th day after infection has happened or as late as 3 months. If a woman has active genital herpes at delivery, a cesarean delivery is usually performed.


Valacyclovir (brand name Valtrex) also can lower your risk of passing the infection to someone else.
The choice of testing will depend on your symptoms and whether you have any blisters or ulcers at the time you see your doctor. The culture is more likely to detect the virus when ulcers are new and open, as compared to when they are older and healing.
Having a positive test for these antibodies indicates that the person was infected with the virus at some time in the past, although it is usually not possible to know when or from whom the virus was transmitted.The results of antibody testing may be negative early on during the initial episode of infection since antibody formation takes a few weeks. The initial infection manifests itself as chickenpox (AKA varicella), and reactivation of the virus appears as shingles (AKA zoster). Now there is a very good vaccine, the varicella vaccine, which is given as part of the universal pediatric vaccination schedule. Ulcers are known to disappear without treatment, but dont be fooled that is the end of that.
When signs do occur, they typically appear as one or more blisters on or around the genitals or rectum. Therefore, it is important to see a healthcare provider within 48 hours of the first symptoms.
The antibody test remains positive for life.Blood tests may be helpful for couples if one person has a history of genital herpes and the other does not. It becomes latent in sensory ganglia cells until a time when the host become immunosuppressed for whatever reason. For hidden warts, the doctor may carry out an internal examination of the anus or vagina (in women).
The blisters break, leaving tender ulcers (sores) that may take two to four weeks to heal the first time they occur. The test is also more sensitive in individuals experiencing an initial episode of genital herpes than in individuals experiencing a recurrent episode. If the partner has not been infected, then it is important to discuss ways to prevent transmission. The virus then reactivates in a single ganglia and manifest as an isolated patch of lesions which may be very painful.
Typically, another outbreak can appear weeks or months after the first, but it almost always is less severe and shorter than the first outbreak. Postherpetic neuralgia (pain that may linger for several months in the area of the infection) is a very common complication of shingles.




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