Duration of treatment for herpes encephalitis,oral herpes treatment 2014 download,treatment for bacterial and viral infections - For Begninners

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OverviewHerpes simplex, a common viral disease, is caused by two strains of the herpes simplex virus (HSV). The initial infection (primary stage) of oral herpes is generally asymptomatic and is acquired through person to person contact such as kissing.
The stages of genital herpes are very similar to oral herpes with an initial stage that manifests with few symptoms and is less contagious.
For both genital and oral herpes, the dormancy period involves the virus "resting" within the nervous tissue around the initially infected area.
Herpes is commonly diagnosed based upon the symptoms described above paired with frequent recurrence in the same area. Once diagnosed with herpes, managing the disease includes caring for sores during outbreaks as well as preventing their recurrence. Since genital and oral herpes are extremely common in the United States, with an estimate of 45 million people or one out of every five infected, there are many places to turn for support.
Viral infections or exacerbations are still the most difficult problem in medicine to date. While herpes virus type 1 (HSV-1) typically causes oral herpes, herpes virus type 2 (HSV-2) is usually spread through genital and oral secretions and causes most often genital herpes.
Most individuals in the US get infected with oral herpes by the age of 20; however, once infected, the herpes simplex virus remains in the sensory nerve cell bodies for life, in a latent state or active from time to time.
Genital herpes is an STD, it is more common in women than men and it is often asymptomatic. Evidence suggests that antivirals reduce viral shedding and make symptomatic episodes less severe. If you have new open sores and blisters on your genital area when you start taking these medications, then the treatment should last more than five days.
In case you have less than six recurrent outbreaks in a year, your doctor will prescribe a 5-day course of acyclovir, valacyclovir or famciclovir every time you feel the skin itching, tingling or burning at the site where the painful blisters will appear. In case you experience more than six recurrent outbreaks in a year or you have severe symptoms, your doctor will prescribe an antiviral, typically acyclovir, that you need to take every day for a longer period of time, in order to suppress the HSV-2 into latency. Although the risk of passing the herpes virus on to your partner is reduced, it is not completely prevented.
A weakened immune system that is typically associated with recurrent outbreaks of genital herpes may also be a sign of HIV. Although there are several older and newer available treatment options for herpes, the herpes simplex virus cannot be cured. Antivirals do however relieve discomfort and pain felt during the outbreak by healing the blisters. Natural remedies for the treatment of herpes include echinacea, the amino-acid L-lysine, vitamin C, zinc, aloe vera, eleuthero as well as bee products especially propolis ( which can also be applied topically to accelerate the healing of the sores).


Oral herpes, commonly referred to as mouth herpes, is a viral infection of the mouth and gums primarily by the Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) but may also be due to the genital variant (HSV-2). Oral herpes is also known commonly as cold sores and fever blisters but is different entity from oral canker sores although canker sores may sometimes be associated with HSV infection. This can occur at any time in life but tends to recur in young adults and presents as a mild cold sore. Other signs and symptoms are usually absent in a recurrence unless the person has a co-existing infection like the flu (seasonal influenza). Ask a Doctor Online Now!The pictures below were sourced from the Dermatology Atlas, courtesy of Samuel Freire da Silva, M.D. Ask a Doctor Online Now!Please note that any information or feedback on this website is not intended to replace a consultation with a health care professional and will not constitute a medical diagnosis. Long-term prophylaxis of cold sores is indicated when you get cold sores frequently, at a rate of about 6 or more times per year. I've never been to a doctor's office where everyone is so pleasant and the service is so quick! I did have to wait a little longer for the doctor to come in but the medical assistant was so polite and came in to offer me a magazine. Based on the site of infection, herpes is categorized into two main conditions – oral herpes and genital herpes.
Both types of herpes are highly contagious and in order to prevent getting infected, you should avoid intimate contact with a person already infected as well as touching items infected with the herpes virus ( dishes, towels, razor blades).
However, in case you have a weakened immune system, symptoms do occur, usually 2 days to 2 weeks after getting infected, they are quite severe and include fever, malaise, nausea and decreased appetite as well as swollen lymph nodes during the first outbreak. Treatment for genital herpes typically depends on whether you have a primary infection with the herpes virus ( you have genital herpes for the first time) or a recurrent infection ( genital herpes symptoms reappear after a period of latency).
Acyclovir and valaciclovir are available as generic medications and they are effective particularly in oral herpes, especially if they are taken before blisters start to develop.
The most side-effects of these antiviral medications include a general sick feeling, nausea, rash, tremor, headaches and fatigue. Genital herpes symptoms include small and painful blisters filled with clear fluid which appear on your genital areas. Episodes of recurrent genital HSV-2 infections gradually become less severe and less frequent after a period of two years following the first outbreak. Pregnant women who have an outbreak when they give birth may pass the herpes virus to their babies and in this case a C-section is recommended.
To minimize discomfort, it is also important to wear loose-fitting cotton underwear instead of nylon, to cleanse gently the affected areas with antiseptic soap and water and to take warm baths, which may also alleviate the pain.
These dietary supplements have no side-effects and can be taken for a longer period if you suffer from recurrent outbreaks.


The virus HSV-1 may be transmitted by droplet spread – direct contact with saliva or even respiratory droplets.
This is known as the incubation period and is the time during which the virus multiplies profusely.
The exact reason why the infection may recur is poorly understood but it appears to be associated with one or more of the following factors.
The potential side effects of daily oral medication must be considered with infrequent cold sores. Risk factors for recurrent infections include genital irritation, stress, injury and fatigue.
Prescribed antivirals should be typically taken 5 times a day, for a period of at lest five days.
If you are experiencing recurrent infections , it is also recommended to get tested for HIV.
Latex condoms are the only ones which can prevent a herpes infection from spreading during sexual contact. The infection of the mouth typically causes small fluid-filled blisters known as vesicles on the roof of the mouth (palate), inside of the cheeks (buccal muscosa), tongue, gums and even the lips (herpes labialis). These droplets must make contact with broken skin or the mucous membranes in order to infect a person. It may also occur on the skin around the mouth and extend to the nose and into the nasal cavity.
Most of the time HSV-1 causes mouth symptoms and in a minority of cases it may also be responsible for genital symptoms. This arises as the virus starts destroying cells at the site and causes intense localized inflammation. The opposite is true for HSV-2 – it causes genital symptoms in the majority of cases while only a few cases of HSV-2 infection will result in mouth symptoms. These small vesicles or sometimes the larger bullae may either burst resulting in ulcer or heal completely with no scarring. In some instances, samples of representative lesions are taken and tested for the presence of the HSV1 or HSV2 virus.
HSV-1 infection may be seen in all ages, including children, but when genital herpes is seen in children, sexual abuse needs to be a consideration.



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