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admin 10.03.2015

There are two different strains of herpes simplex viruses: herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2).
Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) is usually associated with infections of the lips, mouth, and face.
Herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) is sexually transmitted and is usually associated with genital ulcers or sores.
Unprotected sex with an infected individual or coming into direct contact with body fluids (eg.
Swabs should be taken from the lesions and the virus should be able to be isolated to confirm a diagnosis of HSV.
The oral or genital lesions usually heal on their own in 7 to 10 days unless an individual has an underlying condition that weakens the immune system, in which case the infection may be more severe and last longer.
Once infected, the virus stays in the body for the rest of a person’s life and recurrences of active infection may occur.
Saltwater bathing or sitting in a warm bath may helf the patient to pass urine more comfortly.
Infection during pregnancy may spread to the neonate either transplacentally or via the birth canal (especially if it is primary HSV). For more information on different types of sexually transmitted infections, prevention of STIs, treatments and effects on fertility, see Sexually transmitted infections (STIs). About myVMCVirtual Medical Centre is Australia’s leading source for trustworthy medical information written by health professionals based on Australian guidelines.
Please be aware that we do not give advice on your individual medical condition, if you want advice please see your treating physician. Licence fees: A licence fee will be charged for any media (low or high resolution) used in your project.
While we’ve tried to be as inclusive as possible, this section is not the be all and end all on a topic that has many different components. But the tough news is that when it comes to preventing pregnancy, even the combination of birth control and condoms won’t give you 100% protection. Because you are putting your body on the line for someone else, consider talking to your partner about birth control and condoms before you start messing around. If you become sexually active, you’re exposing yourself to a whole new range of possible medical conditions.
Planned Parenthood offers confidential services to teens regardless of age or income, including GYN exams, all kinds of contraceptives, family planning counseling, emergency birth control, pregnancy testing, prenatal care, abortions, and STD and HIV testing.
Effectiveness: Of 100 women whose male partners use condoms when they have sex, about 15 will become pregnant during the first year of typical use. Being careful is worth it: Only 2 in every 100 women will become pregnant if condoms are used perfectly. Because condoms help protect against HIV and other infections as well as against pregnancy, anyone who is having vaginal (penis in vagina) or anal (penis in anus) sex should use them. Because it can break or slip off if not used correctly, the condom is more effective as birth control when used with a spermicide, which is a sperm-killing foam, film, cream, insert or jelly.
Since condoms are small and lightweight, it’s easy to carry them with you at all times. Cost: You can pick up free condoms at a number of clinics and at organizations around the city. The female condom collects semen before, during and after ejaculation, keeping sperm from entering the vagina and protecting against pregnancy. Effectiveness: With typical use, 21 out of every 100 women using female condoms will get pregnant in a year. Pros: The female condom helps prevent many STDs (including HIV and AIDS), and can be used for both anal and vaginal sex.
Like condoms, the diaphragm and the cervical cap help prevent pregnancy by blocking sperm from entering the uterus. The Pill, the Patch, the Ring, Depo-Provera and Implanon are all forms of birth control that work by releasing hormones that prevent your body from producing eggs. Because EC is not 100% effective, see your doctor if you don't get your next expected period after taking it.
The cost of emergency contraception varies a great deal, depending on where you go and what services you need.
It’s important to weigh all of your options, examine your values about each option and talk to people you trust. Check out this 16-minute video by Scenarios USA about young lovers struggling to make the right decision.
Crisis Pregnancy Centers are anti-abortion centers staffed by people who try to persuade pregnant women to keep their babies. At a CPC, you might be shown a graphic video of abortion or be handed religious information.
All pregnant women, including teenagers, have the right to choose what is best for them, including ending the pregnancy with a surgical or medical abortion. In New York State, it is legal to perform a surgical abortion up to the 24th week of pregnancy. You may want to take someone with you to the clinic for support and so you don’t have to travel home by yourself after the procedure.
Serious problems from an abortion are rare, but a woman should get medical care right away if she has heavy bleeding, severe cramping, pain, fever, or unusual vaginal discharge. It is important to see your provider for a check-up two or three weeks after a surgical abortion. Some women choose medical abortion instead of surgical abortion because it seems more natural (like a miscarriage). When done within this time period, medical abortion is 95% to 98% effective in ending pregnancy. The doctor will give you a medication that causes the lining of the uterus to start to break down.
A few days later, the doctor will give you another medication, which causes the uterus to contract and empty. It usually it takes from three days to one week to end the pregnancy, but for some women it may take up to four weeks. Side effects include mild-to-severe cramping, abdominal pain, nausea and vaginal bleeding.
Remember to call your health care provider if you have any problems or concerns during this process.
To find an abortion provider in your area, call The National Abortion Federation Hotline, at 1-800-772-9100.
The National Abortion Federation offers information on abortion and listings of abortion providers by state. Whether you want to raise the child or choose adoption, it is important to do all you can to make sure your pregnancy is as healthy as possible for the baby and for you. Putting your child up for adoption is another alternative for pregnant teens who feel that they aren’t ready to be parents.
Open adoption is when the birth parent(s) are allowed contact with the child and adoptive parents before and after placement. In semi-open adoption, birth parent(s) are involved with the adoption agency in choosing a placement for the child. If you are considering adoption, you should talk to a licensed adoption agency or adoption attorney to learn more about your options. During your first prenatal visit, the doctor will ask you lots of questions, including the date of your last period. The doctor will explain the types of physical and emotional changes you can expect during pregnancy. During visits, your doctor will check your weight, blood pressure, and urine, and will measure your abdomen to keep track of the baby’s growth.
Avoid strenuous activity (like playing basketball) but stay active by walking or swimming. There are classes you can take at most hospitals that can help prepare you for the birth and taking care of your baby. Taking a vitamin with folic acid and other nutrients is very important and will help make your baby healthier. Drinking, smoking cigarettes, or using drugs while pregnant all put your baby at risk for birth defects, mental problems, prematurity (when babies are born earlier than 37 weeks), miscarriage, and other medical problems. If you’re still in foster care, your agency is required to help you find prenatal care. This New York City hotline provides information about the many government programs that can help you and your baby stay healthy both during pregnancy and after delivery.
If you’re a first-time mom-to-be, you may be able to receive free, in-home care and support from a nurse or health worker. This program offers free home visits by a Family Support Worker once a week while the mother is pregnant and for the first six months after the baby is born.
Mothers may participate in the program until their children turn 5 or are enrolled in Head Start. The Nurse-Family Partnership helps teach first-time moms how to care for their babies and advocate for themselves. Community health workers visit pregnant women in their homes at least once a month from pregnancy through the baby’s first year. LYFE is a NYC Department of Education program that allows young mothers to continue their high school education or GED program. This program matches pregnant and parenting young women with mentors who can identify community services, parenting classes, and fun activities, and help prepare for childbirth.
The STRIVE Fatherhood program targets fathers who need help with parenting skills and navigating the child support system.
Provides emergency childcare for stressed out parents for up to 72 hours without ACS involvement. The last thing you want to do when you’re having sex is get a disease, or give one to your partner. STDs are primarily spread through sexual contact such as vaginal sex (penis to vagina), anal sex (penis to anus) or oral sex (penis, vagina, or anus to mouth).
Herpes and HIV (the virus that causes AIDS) have no cure—they stay in your body for life. SYMPTOMS: The only way to know whether you are infected is to get tested regularly for HIV.


HOW YOU CATCH HIV: HIV lives in the blood, semen (cum) or vaginal fluid of an infected person.
Nationwide, at least 45 million people ages 12 and older, or one out of five people, have had genital HSV infection. HOW TO PREVENT HPV: A new vaccine can now protect females from the four types of HPV that cause most cervical cancers and genital warts. SYMPTOMS: Symptoms are more common in women and usually appear within five to 28 days of exposure. HOW YOU CATCH TRICHOMONIASIS: The parasite is spread through penis-to-vagina intercourse or vulva-to-vulva contact with an infected partner. WHAT IT IS: Chlamydia is a bacterial infection that can lead to serious reproductive problems for women.
HOW TO TREAT CHLAMYDIA: It can easily be cured with antibiotics, which can clear up the infection in about 7-10 days. If left untreated, chlamydia can cause severe health consequences for women, including pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). WHAT IT IS: A bacterial infection that enters the body through mucous membranes in the vagina, urethra, cervix, anus, and mouth.
HOW TO PREVENT GONORRHEA: Using a condom during sex helps reduce the risk, but again, it is not 100% effective.
HOW TO TREAT GONORRHEA: Antibiotics can get rid of it, but a growing number of gonorrhea cases are resistant to the antibiotic that has been used to treat it. You should get tested for gonorrhea and chlamydia at the same time, since they often occur together, and neither shows symptoms.
WHAT IT IS: Syphilis is a disease caused by a bacteria that enters the body through the mucous membranes or cuts in the skin.
Six times more men than women have syphilis, partly due to its prevalence among men who have sex with men.
HOW YOU CATCH SYPHILIS: Syphilis is spread by contact with the sores or through genital-to-genital, genital-to-oral, or genital-to-anal contact. For information on STD testing, including what to expect and a list of clinics providing free and confidential tests, click here. Sexual abuse is when someone forces or manipulates you into sexual behavior for their own gratification. Sexual abuse is more likely to occur if there is drug or alcohol abuse or mental illness in the family. Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome can occur, including flashbacks to the abuse, hyper vigilance [often expecting something bad to happen], nervousness, anxiety. Adolescents who have been abused might be suicidal or use alcohol and drugs to numb their feelings. And there are often issues of control and power, because abuse is about an adult taking inappropriate power over the child.
The result: Swabs were 95 less likely to test positive for HSV-2 when a person was taking acyclovir. There has been 1 incident in which the condom has slipped but I don’t believe that this occurred during any prolonged friction as it happened as he was withdrawing. Genital herpes, including its interactions with HIV and other STDs, was especially prominent. It is the most common herpes simplex virus among the general population and is usually acquired in childhood. In addition to oral and genital lesions, the virus can also lead to complications such as meningoencephalitis (infection of the lining of the brain and the brain itself) or cause infection of the eye – in particular the conjunctiva and cornea. Most genital herpes is due to HSV type 2 although genital contact with oral lesions caused by HSV-1 can also produce genital infection. If the lesions are still moist, aciclovir, famciclovir and valaciclovir can be useful (but useless if the lesions are crusting).
If HSV encephalitis is suspected, patients may need to be admitted to hospital and administered with aciclovir intravenously. However, psychological morbidity is common and recurrence imposes strain on relationships and patients need considerable support. Condoms may not provide an effective barrier as lesions may occur outside the areas covered. Close-up of blisters on the tongue of a 52 year old woman suffering from a herpes simplex infection. There are articles and interviews with health care professionals about sex, healthy bodies and body image. But if you do decide to have sex, protect yourself and your body by knowing how to get and use condoms. We’ve also explained how various female contraceptives work, such as the pill, the patch, and the diaphragm. The condom and the female condom are the only birth control methods that protect against STDs.
Typical use rates take into account that most people won’t use condoms correctly every time. Putting the condom on may feel awkward or uncomfortable at first, since it must be used right at the time of intercourse.
One ring is inserted deep into the vagina and the other ring stays open outside the vagina. However, it is most effective if taken within 72 hours (three days) after having unprotected sex. Even if taken within three days, 1 or 2 women out of 100 will still get pregnant after using EC. Whether the pregnancy was planned or not, it’s common to feel a range of emotions, such as fear, anger, happiness, guilt, confusion, excitement and sadness. If you are looking for a medical clinic, make sure that it is licensed by the NYC health department before you go.
She should wait at least a week before using tampons, douching, or having sexual intercourse.
At this visit the doctor will make sure the abortion is complete and there are no complications. Caring for your baby needs to start before it is born, even if you do not plan on raising the baby.
Because the child is adopted, the birth parent's (or parents') rights are legally terminated. The birth parent(s) are also allowed to exchange letters and photos of themselves with the child. During the matching process only basic information, such as medical records and anonymous background information about the birth parent(s), is exchanged. Most babies are born between 37 and 40 weeks after conception (when the sperm fertilizes the egg). He or she will also teach you to how to recognize the signs of possible problems during pregnancy (called complications). Once the baby’s heartbeat can be heard with a special device (at about 10-12 weeks), the doctor will listen for it at each visit.
But remember that your doctor is there to help you stay healthy during pregnancy and have a healthy baby. Even if you are suffering from morning sickness, try to eat regularly, and stay away from junk food.
Being active during pregnancy will help you with the delivery of the baby, and some studies now show that getting moderate exercise during pregnancy can improve your baby's brain function after he or she is born. The Family Support Worker will help mothers become more comfortable with good early childhood practices, such as understanding the baby’s needs and using play to teach the baby about the world.
Each participant is assigned a nurse, who visits the mother while she’s pregnant and keeps working with her until the baby is 2 years old.
Fathers participate in Strive’s Core Employment Training while taking part in weekly peer support groups on topics like relationship building and communication skills. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are very serious, but you can take steps to protect yourself and your partner.
There are about 19 million new STD infections each year, almost half of them among people ages 15 to 24.
If you are having sex, you are at risk of getting an STD, regardless of whether you are having sex with women, men, or both. If you are sexually active, using a barrier method like a condom every time you have sex--including oral sex--will reduce your risk. This vaccine is especially important to get, because it protects you against the strain of HPV that causes cervical cancer in women and girls.
Even if you've had protected sex, you should still get tested, since no method is 100% effective. Here are the specifics on each STD, including how it affects your body, symptoms and treatment.
Someone can look and feel healthy but can still be infected; it can take years for symptoms to show up.
There are two kinds: Type 1 (oral herpes, cold sores on the mouth) or Type 2 (genital herpes). Usually people are only contagious while they’re having an outbreak, but an outbreak can begin before you notice it.
It is especially important for women to get tested for herpes when they know they're pregnant, and to avoid unprotected sex during pregnancy. Doctors are working on a herpes vaccine, and there are antiviral drugs to reduce the number and intensity of outbreaks. There are more than 40 HPV types that can infect the genital areas, including the penis, vulva (area outside the vagina), and anus, and the linings of the vagina, cervix and rectum. At least half of sexually active men and women get a genital HPV infection at some point in their lives. But certain types of HPV can cause genital warts in men and women one to six months after they catch it. They can appear on the vulva, in or around the vagina or anus, on the cervix, and on the penis, scrotum, groin, or thigh. Women can catch the disease from infected men or women, but men usually contract it only from infected women.
Women who do get symptoms may have abnormal vaginal discharge, painful urination, fever, nausea, or pain during sex.


If you find out you have it, your partner should get tested and treated as well, so you don’t get re-infected. If left untreated, gonorrhea in men can cause epididymitis, a painful infection in the tissue around the testicles that can lead to infertility.
Symptoms include a rash all over the body or on the palms and bottoms of feet, and bad flu-like symptoms like fever and nausea as well as joint swelling and hair loss. At this point, the infection has spread throughout your body and can cause brain damage, heart disease, paralysis, and even death. Like many other STDs, it can help spread HIV, because the HIV virus can easily enter the sores during unprotected sex. If someone who is older or more powerful than you gets you to engage in sexual activity, it is abuse, even if you don’t say no and even if it feels good. A foster parent, therapist, friend, teacher, or other adult can give you emotional support and make sure you receive the medical and psychological care you need.
The perpetrator [the one doing the abuse] might have told him that no one will believe him. Studies have shown that usually those kids have someone in their life who they really think is there for them.
I think that all children should have the opportunity to talk about what happened to them in a supportive environment. HSV-1 often causes lesions inside the mouth such as cold sores (fever blisters) and is transmitted by contact with infected saliva. Patients with frequent recurrences may be given long-term suppressive aciclovir therapy (400mg twice daily) or 500mg valaciclovir daily for 6-12 months to reduce the frequency of attacks. This is a common viral infection characterised by the appearance of small fluid-filled blisters.
There are lots of great sexuality websites for teens that cover everything we’ve talked about and more. We’re hoping that these facts will help you make informed decisions about your sex life.
Using condoms correctly includes putting one on before you start rubbing up against each other naked (because semen can leak out of the penis before a man cums). If you’re performing oral sex on a woman (mouth to vagina) use a dental dam, a square piece of latex that lies over the vagina. You can buy them at any drugstore without a prescription, and many clinics and some high schools make them available for free.
To find a health care provider near you who can prescribe EC, and for more information, click here or call 1-888-NOT-2-LATE. But unlike a licensed clinic like Planned Parenthood, most do not provide medical services. The procedure is performed in a specialized clinic or doctor’s office, and you can go home the same day. Fewer than 1% of women have complications from abortions done in the first trimester of pregnancy (the first 14 weeks). If you choose adoption, ACS will not have custody of the child and he or she will not be put into the system.
The adoptive parents can control when visitation or any kind of contact between the birth parent and the child occurs. This information is disclosed to the adoptive parents to give them an idea of the child’s background. He or she will also teach you about what to eat, what not to eat, and anything that could harm your baby, like alcohol, cigarettes and many drugs, both illegal and over-the- counter.
Your doctor will probably also send you for some other tests during the pregnancy, such as an ultrasound, to make sure that everything is OK with your baby.
Talk to your doctor about how much weight you should gain and what kinds of healthy foods to eat. The worker also provides support to the mother in finding good health care and reaching job and educational goals. Space is limited and women must enroll or be enrolled in a Department of Education program to be eligible. A recent study estimated that 1 in every 4 teen girls has been infected with at least one of the four most common STDs (chlamydia, genital herpes, HPV and trichomoniasis). These drugs help control the outbreak of the virus, but they have a lot of side effects that can impact your quality of life, such as causing chronic diarrhea. Other HPV types can cause cervical cancer and other less common cancers, such as cancers of the vulva, vagina, anus and penis. Warts may appear within weeks or months after sexual contact with an infected person—or they may not appear at all.
Most men with trichomoniasis do not have signs or symptoms; however, some men may temporarily have an irritation inside the penis, mild discharge, or slight burning after urination or ejaculation. Men may have discharge from the penis, burning or itching in the urethra, or pain or swelling in the testicles. Up to 40 percent of females with untreated chlamydia infections develop PID, and 20 percent of those may become infertile. Like chlamydia, untreated gonorrhea in women can lead to Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, which can cause infertility or make it difficult to get pregnant. Usually they have some sense of power over the situation, and usually their day-to-day lives haven’t changed too much after the abuse.
Taking aciclovir will help suppress herpes and will also reduce your chance of passing on the virus to a partner by 50.
These risks of spreading herpes are lessened by a large degree if you’re taking daily suppressive therapy (Valtrex, Acyclovir, etc.
It is contagious and usually spread by direct contact with the blisters or the fluid they contain. It also means being careful about how you put the condom on and take it off (see this diagram for a demonstration). It may tear or come off during intercourse, especially if it’s not put on correctly (see directions below). However, the goal in open adoption is that the child have some contact with birth parent(s). You should also know what to expect when you give birth and how to care for your baby once it’s born.
Typical complications include anemia (usually caused by an iron deficiency), high blood pressure, and delivering a baby earlier than usual (called premature delivery).
When HIV weakens the immune system to a certain level, then the person has AIDS, a disease in which the body can no longer fight off infections. The types of HPV that cause genital warts are not the same as the types that can cause cancer.
No matter what you did or how you felt, you are not responsible for the abuse you experienced.
If a parent is not able to be around, is working a lot, or has emotional problems, the child is more vulnerable and is more likely to be abused. Some children who’ve been abused are blindly trusting, which can make them vulnerable to more abuse.
These herpes transmission rates should be encouraging for couples who wish to have a healthy sex life without passing the virus from one partner to the uninfected partner. Primary acquisition during the third trimester or at term with high levels of viral shedding usually leads to delivery by caesarean section.
They can stop an egg and sperm from meeting, or stop the fertilized egg from attaching to the uterus where a pregnancy would begin. Adopted infants go to people who want to raise a child of their own, but either cannot or choose not to have a child biologically. To find the one nearest you, call the Targeted Citywide Initiative at 646-672-2865, or ask your foster care agency to refer you. For more information, including what to expect and a list of clinics providing free and confidential tests, click here.
What does best science suggest the probability of me becoming infected would be per year, if there were, say, 50-60 varginal exposures per year without using condoms (I’m just expecting your best sense on this) ? AND taking suppressive therapy lessens (by anywhere from 50-80, depending on what study you read) the risk that’s still there with condoms and avoiding sex during an outbreak. For women with previous infection, the risk of baby acquiring HSV from the birth canal is low.
HSV1 is usually associated with infections of the lips, mouth and face whereas HSV2 is linked with infections of the genitals. They might wear layers and layers of clothing, trying to protect their body and not let people see it. When partners wore condoms during intimate contact WHILE the infected partner took Valtrex every day, then only a single uninfected partner developed genital herpes. While Acyclovir has, and continues to, provide relief to countless numbers of HSV sufferers, a newer drug has developed to improve the overall treatment process. Usually only women with genital lesions at the onset of labour deliver by caesarean section. As the data prove, the results suggest that the chance of the uninfected partner becoming infected is reduced from 8 incidences per 220 couples that nearly always wore condoms but NO Valtrex (about a 4 chance overall) to 1 incidence in 223 couples that nearly always wore condoms and Valtrex WAS taken daily (about a 0. When taken in a low dosage twice daily, Valacyclovir has a 44 likelihood of aborting lesions before they fully develop, though the chance of this happening is closely related to the quickness with which treatment is started. So, if the infected partner takes DAILY Valtrex AND the couple nearly always uses condoms, as well as avoiding intimate contact if any symptoms are present, the risk of contracting genital herpes during an eight month period goes from about four chances in a hundred all the way down to 4 chances in a thousand. Finally, since I have HSV1 already, what could you say about the risks to me of giving her oral sex? Persons infected with HSV can spread the virus outside of a detected outbreak, creating the risk of transmission even when no symptoms are present; suppressive regimens of Valacyclovir work to decrease asymptomatic shedding. 3) Suppressive Therapy: In studies, Acyclovir and Valtrex (a derivative of AcyclovirZovirax) taken dailyhave beenshown to greatly reduce the risk of transmission to a non-infected partner. Everyone is different and it’s impossible to give you any sort of exact chances of getting herpes from a partner.



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