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A bacterial infection that is usually spread through sexual contact, gonorrhea affects the reproductive tissue in both men and women. While the number of people with gonorrhea has been dropping since 1975, more than 800,000 new cases of gonorrhea still occur every year in the United States.
This sexually transmitted bacteria is passed between partners during oral, anal, or genital sexual contact. While oral antibiotics such as penicillin and tetracycline used to be standard treatments for gonorrhea, some types of gonorrhea are now growing resistant to these drugs. If you have symptoms of gonorrhea, it is critical that you abstain from sexual activity until you are tested and cured. If you have gonorrhea, you may also be infected with chlamydia, which is often difficult to detect.
Since there are effective treatments currently available, the goals of treating gonorrhea are both to get rid of symptoms and to cure the infection. Treatment usually includes oral antibiotics and an injection of an antibiotic called ceftriaxone. Your treatment probably won't require a hospital stay — you'll be treated in your doctor's office (usually by a gynecologist or family practitioner) and go home the same day. While not an alternative to antibiotics, analgesics (acetaminophen or aspirin) can also be used to reduce fever or pain.
In the past, doctors used oral antibiotics as the solitary treatment for gonorrhea, an approach that cured infections quickly. In most cases, gonococcus bacteria disappear after antibiotic treatment, but symptoms may come back. If you are diagnosed with gonorrhea, inform all sexual partners who may have been exposed to the disease so they can also be tested, both now and after you are both treated. If you're infected with gonorrhea during your pregnancy, your baby may become infected with the bacteria as he or she passes through the birth canal.
Genital infections in infants and young children may be a result of sexual abuse by adults. Abstaining from sex, and adopting safer-sex practices, are the surest ways you can prevent gonorrhea infections. Another way to prevent gonorrhea is to understand the less common ways in which it can be spread. You should reduce the alcohol and caffeine you drink during treatment, because they can irritate the urethra, further complicating the symptoms and discomfort of gonorrhea. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that about 62 million people are infected with gonorrhea yearly. Mayo Clinic advises the most common symptoms for men are painful urination, puss like discharge from the penis and pain or swelling in a testicle. In the United States, the CDC have received reports of nearly 40,000 cases of gonorrhea in the first ten weeks of 2010.
Gonorrhea is treated by most state and local public health authorities in the United States as a reportable illness. A friend of mine who works for the largest STD dating == STDpal com == told me that the new subscribers have increased 30% over 2008. Charles SimminsRochester Infectious Disease ExaminerHaving been an EMT for 14 years and a blogger for 7, Charles Simmins has studied the diseases that threaten upstate New York and Rochester.
But what was once known as a fatal disease is now fully curable with antibiotics and proper medical treatment. Untreated, it can spread to the circulatory system and infect the heart, liver, joints, tendons, and other vital organs.
You can prevent gonorrhea by adopting safer-sex practices, such as regularly using latex condoms and refraining from oral and anal sex unless you're confident that your partner is not infected.

The bacteria thrive in the delicate, moist tissue found in the reproductive tract and genitals.
To overcome this, doctors now prescribe for most people both an oral antibiotic and a potent injectable antibiotic, such as Rocephin (ceftriaxone). If you are exposed to gonorrhea but don't have any symptoms, it is still vital that you get checked for the disease. When you are tested for gonorrhea, your doctor should also check for chlamydia and potentially treat you on the assumption you have it, too. Most new infections occur in people ages 18 to 30, but the disease may affect anyone who engages in sexual activity with an infected person.
You may also have other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), which may mean your treatment will be more complex. But a growing problem exists with this form of treatment: certain strains of gonorrhea are developing a resistance to these drugs, lowering their effectiveness.
If you have been exposed to gonorrhea but don't have any symptoms, you should still refrain from all sexual activity until you and your partner have been thoroughly checked for the disease.
However, recurrent cases of gonorrhea are usually the result of re-infection, not treatment failure. The characteristic signs and symptoms of gonorrhea may change or be absent in older people. Aside from cases where the bacterium is transmitted to a newborn through its mother's birth canal, the majority of cases are due to oral, anal, or vaginal sexual contact with an infected partner. Diagnosing gonorrhea is relatively simple: the doctor will take a sample of the discharge from the penis or cervix and either send it to a laboratory or observe it under a microscope to detect the bacteria. You should avoid these types of treatments if using them means that you are not seeking conventional medical care for the infection.
You should consistently use a latex barrier like a condom during intercourse, even if you also use other forms of birth control. If you continue to have sex, protect your partner from infection by using a latex barrier like a condom.
Besides, if you have an infected and treated partner, still you should start gonorrhea treatment. It is an infection by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae, which grows in warm, wet places in the human body. As with many other bacterial infections, the disease organisms have become increasingly resistant to the antibiotics used to treat the illness. In women, the most common symptoms are an increased vaginal discharge, painful urination, pelvic or abdominal pain and breakthrough bleeding between periods.
Symptoms include burning and itching during urination, and a thick, yellowish fluid from the penis or vagina. Mild discomfort in the urethra (which carries urine and semen through the penis) is followed in a few hours by mild to severe pain during urination and a flow of pus from the penis.
Gonorrhea symptoms may take a while to become noticeable, but during that time the disease can progress and you can spread it to others. Infants are at high risk of being born with a severe eye infection (gonococcal conjunctivitis) if the mother is infected. Also, if the gonorrhea has spread to other organs, treatment may include a regimen of intravenous antibiotics for three to 10 days.
Without proven treatment gonorrhea will get worse, and could lead to serious health complications. Avoid unprotected sex unless you know the full history and current state of your partner's sexual health.
Non-living, dry surfaces (such as bedding and clothing, eating utensils, and even toilet seats) can carry the bacteria for up to four hours from contact, though this is rare.

Until a follow-up culture study from the doctor shows the infection is cured, any sexual activity may spread gonorrhea. Testing in 2007 found 27% of the samples tested by the the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) to be resistant to one or more traditional antibiotic treatments. But since women are less likely to show immediate symptoms than men, a doctor should check sexual partners if either has any of the signs of gonorrhea.
The symptoms for women are usually mild, but they can become severe: pain during urination, frequent need to urinate, vaginal discharge, and fever. Because women often have no symptoms of a gonorrhea infection, it is especially important to know your sexual partner's history and to get checked if you see any signs of gonorrhea infection. No matter how severe the infection, anyone exposed to gonorrhea should have a follow-up culture study four to seven days after finishing treatment to make sure the medication got rid of the infection. Make every effort to avoid intimate contact with these types of surfaces if you suspect or are aware that they carry gonorrhea.
Those areas are normally the penis or vagina but can include the anus, eyes, throat and mouth.
Sometimes there are no symptoms — so if you have been exposed to gonorrhea but see no signs of it, it is still critical to get tested. Women may notice pelvic pain and tenderness during intercourse because of infections in the cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, urethra, and rectum. The cervix, urethra, or glands near the vaginal opening may be the source of pus discharged from the vagina. Men and women most often contract bacteria during sex and they do not realize that they are infected. Unfortunately a gonorrhea-infected mother infects the bacteria to her baby during childbirth. Epididymitis is an inflammation of the back region of the testicles which may end in infertility in female. 2- Female infertility: Women with untreated gonorrhea may spread into womb and fallopian tubes.
Bacterial growth in gonorrhea infection can have an effect on various parts of your body, but it most normally multiples in the genital region. It may cause female pelvic inflammatory disease in shot PID which may result in infertility.
Signs of gonorrhea infection on the genital area for male are: 1- Feeling of pain while urinating named as dysuria. 3- Risk of spreading of infection: The bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae which causes gonorrhea infection can spread throughout the blood circulation and infects other areas of your body such as your joints.
4- HIV and aids-related risks of opportunistic infections: People with infected and untreated gonorrhea are prone to opportunistic viruses of HIV and AIDS. Human ?mmunodeficiency viruses in short HIV acquired immune deficiency syndrome in short AIDS are both sexually transmitted diseases. Symptoms of gonorrhea infection on the genital region for female are: 1- Painful urination. Please take care: In order to prevent yourself from sexually transmitted infections you may use condom!

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