Herpes simplex virus type 1 natural remedies uk,holistic therapist denver,symptoms and pics of genital herpes - Review

admin 14.07.2014

O'er ladies ' lips, who straight on kisses dream,Which oft the angry Mab with blisters plagues,Because their breaths with sweetmeats tainted are.Act 1. Scene IVReferenced in Shakespeare's 'Romeo and Juliet', herpes simplex virus (HSV) is one of humankind's most common infections.There are two types of herpes simplex virus. Type 1 herpes (HSV-1) is carried by around 80 per cent of the population and is the culprit behind recurrent cold sores.
Most people pick it up in the first few years of life, usually in the form of a loving kiss from a parent or sibling.HSV-2 affects around 12 per cent of the population (including many individuals who are also infected with HSV-1). It is more often associated with genital herpes, although either virus can cause a similar disease at both anatomical sites.Genital herpes is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections, and the prevalence is increasing. Furthermore, a large percentage of infected people only have mild symptoms that are not recognised as being due to HSV.Once a person is infected with herpes, they carry the virus for life. A clever strategy enables the virus to escape the immune system by hiding inside nerve cells. In the majority of people who have had an obvious primary infection, the virus periodically 'reawakens' producing painful, infectious blisters on the affected part of the body.SymptomsBefore the blisters appear, most people notice a mild tingling sensation on the skin.
Instead, most first cases of herpes affecting the face appear as a sore throat, a sore mouth (which can occasionally ulcerate), swollen neck glands, and a temperature.The classic signs of initial infection in the genital region are a painful, red, ulcerating crop of lesions that can spread over a wide area and may involve the perineum and anus. Genital infection can also be associated with temporary numbness in the affected area, swollen glands in the groin, difficulty passing urine, and a temperature. Only 20 per cent of infected people, however, will experience these classic symptoms, with a much larger percentage having very mild symptoms (that may not be recognised as herpes), and a further 20 per cent (approximately) having no symptoms at all.After the initial infection, HSV lies dormant in the body.
As a general rule, recurrences tend to occur most often during the year following infection and then tail off.In rare cases the herpes simplex viruses can also cause more serious infections.


But in the case of suspected genital herpes, HSV affecting the eyes, or more severe skin outbreaks, it can be useful to confirm the diagnosis by laboratory tests.Traditionally, tests involved taking a swab from an active lesion, growing the virus in the laboratory, and using colour-coded antibodies to pinpoint whether HSV-1 or HSV-2 is the culprit. This approach is particularly useful in the diagnosis of HSV meningitis or encephalitis caused by herpes infection.
In these instances a sample of cerebrospinal fluid, the watery substance that bathes the brain and spinal cord, is collected by lumbar puncture for analysis.Doctors also sometimes take a blood sample, particularly in people with a history of possible herpes infection but no active lesions, to look for herpes antibodies. This can confirm whether a patient has been infected with herpes previously, and which type of virus they are carrying. It is only performed for limited, specific indications, however, as a positive result does not indicate that the symptoms present are due to HSV.TreatmentThere are currently no treatments capable of removing herpes virus DNA from the nerve cells that carry it. Ideally, you should take them within 72 hours of the start of the episode and continue for five to ten days.In general, oral medications (those taken by mouth) are extremely well tolerated, have few side effects and are an effective treatment for genital herpes if started within 72 hours of the onset of symptoms. Topical medications (those applied to the skin) have not been shown to be effective in treating genital herpes, so are not recommended.Lesions that do not respond to medication are occasionally due to drug-resistant forms of herpes.
Under these circumstances, you should see your doctor as you may need to switch to another class of antiviral drugs, and to collect samples of the virus for drug susceptibility testing.
It's more likely though, if this is the case, that herpes is not the correct diagnosis, so it's important to return to your doctor for review.For those people with infrequent herpes reactivations, they can control their condition effectively by using oral antiviral medications, for example aciclovir, whenever they experience a recurrence.
When used in this way, known as episodic therapy, antivirals have been shown to reduce the duration of symptoms by one to two days as well as the severity of the outbreak.People with more frequent recurrences (six or more per year) often benefit from 'suppressive therapy'. This involves taking antiviral medications every day to prevent the virus from reactivating. Again, aciclovir, valaciclovir, and famciclovir have all been shown to be effective at preventing recurrences, but you have to balance this course of action against the inconvenience and costs of taking regular medication.Most doctors advise stopping suppressive therapy after a year to reassess the activity of the disease and see whether ongoing suppressive treatment is required.


Resistance to anti-viral medications only happens very rarely in people with normal immune systems who are taking anti-viral medications long-term.If you have been diagnosed with one sexually transmissible infection, it's also important to exclude other infections. All women who develop new genital herpes during pregnancy need to report this to their obstetrician, to discuss whether treatment is indicated, and they may also need referral to a sexual health clinic for specialist advice. These antibodies will be passed to the developing baby before it is born, greatly reducing the risk of transmission. However, it is recommended that women in this situation seek guidance from their obstetrician regarding the mode of delivery.
Often the virus attacks the cornea, which can lead to corneal scarring, opacity, and blindness. Patients usually complain of a severe headache, neck stiffness, nausea, fever, and a dislike of bright lights. There are very few warning signs, but people with encephalitis tend to become confused and drowsy. Without prompt treatment with intravenous antivirals (usually aciclovir) the condition is often fatal. Even when treated rapidly, it often causes long-term neurological problems including memory loss and epilepsy.Scientists are currently trying to identify the chemical signals responsible for reactivating the inactive virus and producing recurrent disease.



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