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Please use the contact form below for all general questions, enquiries, suggestions and anything else you want to let us know about! Canine herpesvirus (CHV) is a widespread viral infection, similar to the herpes virus found in other mammals such as ourselves. The virus lies dormant in the nerve cells of an infected dog for the majority of its life, causing little, if any issues; however, the virus can be reactivated from time-to-time.
An infected adult dog is unlikely to suffer as a result of canine herpesvirus infection, however, they may experience respiratory distress when first infected and reactivation may lead to the onset of sores or the return of respiratory problems. Compared to human herpesviruses, little has been established about canine herpes virus, despite its extremely high prevalence rate in both males and females.
A dog becomes infected when they come in to contact with bodily fluids of a dog that is shedding the virus. Once infected, a dog will usually suffer from mild respiratory distress, similar to a typical cold. The primary site of infection is the reproductive tract, as a result, the disease can be sexually transmitted, but as mentioned earlier, the virus can also be spread by discharge from the eyes and nose.
Whilst the virus has typically mild consequences in an adult dog, the same cannot be said for puppies. Puppies can become infected either during whelping as they leave the birthing canal or through being in close contact with the mother when she is shedding the virus.
There is currently only one available vaccine for canine herpesvirus, which is only available in Europe. There are strong indications that canine herpesvirus causes mortality in newborn pups, especially if female is infected during late pregnancy. The mother may appear well before pregnancy, but the stress caused by oestrus (heat), pregnancy or lactation can be enough to reactivate the latent virus. The clinical effects of viral reactivation have not yet been fully clarified, however, reproductive disturbances and lower pup weights have been suggested.

There is usually little that can be done to save infected newborn puppies during a mother’s first pregnancy, however, subsequent pregnancies are unlikely to be as badly affected, as the mother will produce sufficient antibodies to protect her pups. Investigation of the canine herpesvirus is not as widespread as investigation of the human herpesvirus for example, however, research does continue to be performed.
The bitches were monitored during their pregnancies to see if canine herpesvirus caused any reproductive disturbances.
Although further study is still needed, particularly as the group size was small in this study, the conclusion was that; good management during pregnancy did not result in canine herpesvirus related disturbances.
Canine Herpesvirus During Pregnancy and Non-Pregnant Luteal Phase, B Stro?m Holst et al. Reprod Dom Anim 47 (Suppl. Currently developing PetSci HealthTrak, the fast and easy way to monitor your pet's weight and calorie intake. She came into season today, someone said she should have a vaccine administered now and then another 7 days before the puppies are born. However my vet has said that the first vaccine should be administered 7-10 days after Mating and then again 7 days before whelping. Can you assure me that the first is to be done before mating whilst still in season or after the bitch has been mated. Canine herpesvirus has an extremely high prevalence (particularly in Europe), with rough estimates putting the total number of infected dogs anywhere between 40-90%! Canine herpesvirus becomes a much bigger problem during pregnancy, as a connection between the virus and major reproductive disturbances has been identified.
Examples include; pregnancy, lactation, immunosuppressant therapy or environmental stress such as moving house. When the virus becomes reactivated, it may be possible to detect raised sores around the genitalia.
Pups that survive go on to become latently infected or may even develop neurological diseases at a later date.

The vaccine, Eurican Herpes 205, contains tiny amounts of viral protein, which is enough to stimulate the mother’s immune system in to producing antibodies.
The second injection ensures that antibodies are transferred to the newborn pups via colostrum.
Reactivation can cause shedding of the virus, which is usually responsible for infection of newborn puppies. Other investigations of the virus show an apparent association between reactivation and reproduction hormone concentrations. A recent study looked at a small group of 12 dogs, all of which had canine herpesvirus antibodies (suggesting infection, and also highlighting the high prevalence rate). Even though an increase of canine herpesvirus antibodies was detected in a couple of the study participants (indicating reactivation of a latent infection), no reproductive disturbances as a result of canine herpesvirus were found. HealthTrak offers a simple way to track your pet's progress, helping them achieve a healthy weight and a long, happy life. See the guide below for the previous top 100.Top 100 Pet Blogs of 2013 – An infographic from the team at Coupon Audit of the 100 best pet blogs of 2013.
Canine herpesvirus is not airborne and cannot survive for long in the open environment, meaning close contact is required to become infected.
Lesions have also be known to occur within the body, but these cannot be detected from the outside and require a necropsy. When I'm not writing, learning, discussing, or reading about animals, you know it's the weekend! Canine herpesvirus causes a latent infection of certain nerve cells and will remain dormant in those cells until reactivated.

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