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The rise in energy costs has caused many to wonder as to what will happen in the near future to prices of energy.
You and a group of experts are looking into the possibility of creating better homes at affordable costs. This resource will provide with a green building education kit to further teach this lesson. This sample investigation will provide many specifics to look for when grading different projects on green building. This sample investigation can serve as a means to get students to transfer their learning outside of the classroom. This teacher resource provides many recycling lesson plans that can be incorporated in this PBL lesson. This teacher resource provides many ideas as to what other schools across the nation are doing in regards to energy conservation. This resource provides interactive quizzes and other activities to see how green is your school. This website resource will give you an article that talks about affordable, energy star houses. This will provide you with reasons to build green for your presentation at the end of your project. Book References: The following book references will provide many things to look for when developing your designs. Academic Journal Articles: The following journal articles provide an extensive details about building codes, building initiatives, designing, and updates with regards to energy conservation. Now that you are familiar with investigating different homes that can be build in a new subdivision that would be both economical and energy efficient, you will write everything you know about Conserving Energy, Home Manufacturing Costs, and Business. Below is a rubric that will make the expectations clearer and will provide a developmental road map for you. You list things you know, don’t know, or wonder about Conserving Energy, Home Manufacturing Costs, and Business. You think through the situation even more and examine your understanding to be accurate, and the possible implications regarding Conserving Energy, Home Manufacturing Costs, and Business.
You analyze your prior knowledge to see if it makes sense regarding Conserving Energy and Home Manufacturing Costs.
You describe your understanding to be accurate or not based on your prior knowledge about Home Manufacturing Costs.
You support your ideas with the best explanations and reasons you currently have about Conserving Energy, Home Manufacturing Costs, and Business. You give some reasons for why you think what you think about Conserving Energy and Home Manufacturing Costs. Below is a rubric that will make the expectations clearer and will provide a developmental road map for you and your team.
A rich list of questions with contributions from each participating team member regarding what can be done to about Conserving Energy, Home Manufacturing Costs, and Business. Each participating member contributes a variety of questions about Conserving Energy and Home Manufacturing Costs. Multiple perspectives are weighed as members begin to answer questions regarding what can be done to prepare for about Conserving Energy, Home Manufacturing Costs, and Business. Different perspectives emerge as most members begin to answer most team questions about Conserving Energy and Home Manufacturing Costs. More than one perspective is apparent as some members begin to answer some team about Home Manufacturing Costs.
Individual perspectives remain separate since individual members answer only their own questions about Conserving Energy. Answers are partially supported and the kind of evidence needed to support them is described about Conserving Energy, Home Manufacturing Costs, and Business. Answers are partially supported with evidence from experience, prior research or reading about Conserving Energy and Home Manufacturing Costs. A thorough investigation is planned and described with individual roles, types of resources and expected about Conserving Energy, Home Manufacturing Costs, and Business. An investigation that builds on itself with ways for team members to share as they do research, not just at the end about Conserving Energy and Home Manufacturing Costs.
The questions are divided up to be answered by different group members about Conserving Energy. A problem statement is discussed in terms of how it addresses about Conserving Energy and Home Manufacturing Costs. A problem statement is accepted and an explanation is given about Home Manufacturing Costs.
A problem statement is suggested and accepted without considering other options about Conserving Energy.
Tip: To turn text into a link, highlight the text, then click on a page or file from the list above. ENERGY EFFICIENT HOMESAPS Home Inspection Service check the insulation, windows, attic and many other areas to make sure that you have the facts on where you are loosing heat. Buildings account for more than 70% of all electricity usage and almost 36% of all greenhouse gas emissions in the United States. A typical whole-home energy retrofit, including a comprehensive energy audit, may include improvements to the home envelope (air sealing, installing attic insulation, repairing ducts), upgrade of the heating and cooling system, and installation of a high efficiency gas water heater. Daily hot showers and baths make the bathroom one of the most expensive areas of energy use in the home. Smart meters, which provide near real-time information about gas and electricity consumption, will be offered to more than 26 million households across England, Scotland and Wales as part of the national rollout. More than three million smart meters have already been installed, and many people, such as Jen Hughes from Stockport, are using them to become more mindful about energy.
A quick shower consumes only a quarter to a third as much power as a bath, and a low-flow shower head will reduce power (and water) consumption still further. If possible, it’s worth considering replacing electric water heaters with gas-fired heaters. The electric type are less than 25 per cent energy efficient due to losses during electricity generation and transmission, whereas the gas type are over 85 per cent efficient.
The rollout of smart meters is the single largest change to our national energy infrastructure in a generation. Eight in 10 say they have taken at least one step to reduce their energy use since having a smart meter installed. The shortage in non-renewal energy has caused the price for energy costs to sky rocket in the recent years. You have been given the role of head supervisor for a Home Manufacturing Company that got together with a group of head consultants from the Environmental Protection Agency.
In one or two sentences, you should be able to describe what it is that your group is trying to solve, produce, respond to, or find out. Since each level of the rubric is qualitative, you will recognize if your work is a level 1 or can look to a level 2 to see the next best thing to improve it.

Since each level of the rubric is qualitative, you and your team will recognize if your work is a level 1 or can look to a level 2 to see the next best thing to improve it.
An Earth systems approach to the themes of Earth in space and time, solid Earth, and fluid Earth defined the selection and development of the concepts described in this paragraph.
The geosphere is a collection of complex, interacting, dynamic subsystems linking Earth's interior to its surface.
ESS has three strands used throughout each of the three themes: systems, energy, and relevance.
A system is a collection of interacting physical, chemical, and biological processes that involves the flow of matter and energy on different temporal and spatial scales.
The uneven distribution of Earth's internal and external thermal energy is the driving force for complex, dynamic, and continuous interactions and cycles in Earth's subsystems.
Techniques for working with spatial figures and their properties are essential in understanding underlying relationships. While savings are difficult to generalize, all properties will experience monetary and energy savings by taking a whole-building approach to energy efficiency. In total, approximately $958,500 have been spent, receiving $178,489 in rebates and other incentives, and achieving annual energy cost savings around $748,000. Your job will consist of investigating different homes that can be built in a new subdivison that would be both affordable and energy efficient. Don't be tempted to start thinking about potential solutions or to start looking for information. Just use the information given and write the facts that you already know about Conserving Energy . The problem statement may have to be revised as new information is discovered and brought to bear on the situation. Students should be able to distinguish between scientific decision-making methods and ethical and social decisions that involve the application of scientific information. All systems have basic properties that can be described in terms of space, time, energy, and matter. Advances in technologies continue to further our understanding of the origin, evolution, and properties of Earth and planetary systems within a chronological framework.
The geosphere is composed of materials that move between subsystems at various rates driven by the uneven distribution of thermal energy. These subsystems interact with the biosphere and geosphere resulting in complex biogeochemical and geochemical cycles. Earth's system is composed of interdependent and interacting subsystems of the geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, cryosphere, and biosphere within a larger planetary and stellar system. These interactions are responsible for the movement of matter within and between the subsystems resulting in, for example, plate motions and ocean-atmosphere circulation. Students use a variety of representations (concrete, pictorial, numerical, symbolic, graphical, and verbal), tools, and technology (including, but not limited to, calculators with graphing capabilities, data collection devices, and computers) to solve meaningful problems by representing and transforming figures and analyzing relationships. As they do mathematics, students continually use problem-solving, language and communication, connections within and outside mathematics, and reasoning (justification and proof).
Designing and building an energy-efficient home that conforms to the many considerations faced by home builders can be a challenge. A 50,000 square foot office building that reduces energy demand through no-cost and low-cost measures can reduce operating costs by more than 30 percent and save on average $40,000.3 Flex Your Power provides some helpful case study examples of cost and savings of commercial energy efficiency upgrades. These so called energy saving light bulbs are said by the companies that are environmentally-friendly.
The idea is to design homes that cost less to build and that will conserve the most energy. Change and constancy occur in systems as patterns and can be observed, measured, and modeled. The origin and distribution of resources that sustain life on Earth are the result of interactions among Earth's subsystems over billions of years.
These dynamic processes are responsible for the origin and distribution of resources as well as geologic hazards that impact society. The global ocean is the thermal energy reservoir for surface processes and, through interactions with the atmosphere, influences climate.
Change and constancy occur in Earth's system and can be observed, measured as patterns and cycles, and described or presented in models used to predict how Earth's system changes over time. Students also use multiple representations, technology, applications and modeling, and numerical fluency in problem solving contexts.
However, any house style can be made to require relatively minimal amounts of energy to heat and cool, and be comfortable and healthy.
In the case study of Adobe Towers, approximately $958,500 has been spent on energy efficiency, energy conservation, and water use efficiency measures.
The cost to maintain a home that is not energy efficient almost doubles when compared to homes that are energy efficient.
You will look at the costs for different types of materials such as roofing, wall materials, insulation, windows, and appliances as you look to "build" these homes.
It's easier now to get your architect and builder to use improved designs and construction methods.
Environmental Protection Agency has a protocol and advises to follow some steps if such a bulb breaks. You will compile these designs with details as to what each material costs and how much energy will be conserve using that type of material. Students should analyze a system in terms of its components and how these components relate to each other, to the whole, and to the external environment. Some designs are more expensive to build than others, but none of them need to be extremely expensive to construct. If the bulb brakes inside (indoor), these lights discharge 20 times more than the tolerable mercury into the air, as indicated by a study directed by analysts from the Fraunhofer Wilhelm Klauditz Institute for German’s Federal Environment Agency. Recent technological improvements in building elements and construction techniques, and heating, ventilation, and cooling systems, allow most modern energy saving ideas to be seamlessly integrated into any type of house design without sacrificing comfort, health, or aesthetics.
Energy Efficient Light Bulbs Can Cause: Cluster headaches Dizziness Birth defects Miscarriages Migraines Seizures Fatigue Anxiety Inability to concentrate Energy Efficient Bulbs Cause Anxiety, Migraines, and Even Cancer. The following is a discussion of the major elements of energy-efficient home design and construction systems. They include: Optimum Value Engineering (OVE) This is a method of using wood only where it does the most work, thus reducing costly wood use and saving space for insulation. However, workmanship must be of the highest order since there is very little room for construction errors.
Structural Insulated Panels (SIP) These are generally plywood or oriented strand board (OSB) sheets laminated to a core of foam board.
Insulating Concrete Forms (ICF) These often consist of two layers of extruded foam board (one inside the house and one outside the house) that act as the form for a steel reinforced concrete center. Such buildings are also very strong and easily exceed code requirements for tornado or hurricane prone areas.
InsulationAn energy-efficient house has much higher insulation R-values than required by most local building codes.

For example, a typical house in New York State might have haphazardly installed R-11 fiberglass insulation in the exterior walls and R-19 in the ceiling, and the floors and foundation walls may not be insulated. A similar, but well-designed and constructed house's insulation levels would be in the range of R-20 to R-30 in the walls (including the foundation) and R-50 and R-70 in the ceilings. Carefully applied fiberglass batt or roll, wet-spray cellulose, or foam insulations will fill wall cavities completely. How to design and install them depends a great deal on the climate and what method of construction is chosen. No matter where you are building, water vapor condensation is a major threat to the structure of a house. In cold climates, pressure differences can drive warm, moist indoor air into exterior walls and attics. As the humid outdoor air enters the walls to find cooler wall cavities it condenses into liquid water. This is the main reason why some of the old buildings in the South that have been retrofitted with air conditioners now have mold and rotten wood problems. Regardless of your climate, it is important to minimize water vapor migration by using a carefully designed thermal envelope and sound construction practices. Any water vapor that does manage to get into the walls or attics must be allowed to get out again. Some construction methods and climates lend themselves to allowing the vapor to flow towards the outdoors. Others are better suited to letting it flow towards the interior so that the house ventilation system can deal with it. The Airtight Drywall Approach and the Simple CS system are other methods to control air and water vapor movement in a residential building.
Foundations and SlabsFoundation walls and slabs should be at least as well insulated as the living space walls. Un-Insulated foundations have a negative impact on home energy use and comfort, especially if the family uses the lower parts of the house as a living space. Also, appliances that supply heat as a by-product, such as domestic hot water heaters, washers, dryers, and freezers, are often located in basements. By carefully insulating the foundation walls and floor of the basement, these appliances can assist in the heating of the house.
Since even modern windows insulate less than a wall, in general an energy-efficient home in heating dominated climates should have few windows on the north, east, and west exposures.
A rule-of-thumb is that window area should not exceed 8-9% of the floor area, unless your designer is experienced in passive solar techniques.
If this is the case, then increasing window area on the southern side of the house to about 12% of the floor area is recommended. In cooling dominated climates, its important to select east, west, and south facing windows with low solar heat gain coefficients (these block solar heat gain).
A properly designed roof overhang for south-facing windows is important to avoid overheating in the summer in most areas of the continental United States.
At the very least, Energy Star rated windows or their equivalents, should be specified according to the Energy Star regional climatic guidelines.
In general, the best sealing windows are awning and casement styles since these often close tighter than sliding types. Air-SealingA well-constructed thermal envelope requires that insulating and sealing be precise and thorough. Good air-sealing alone may reduce utility costs by as much as 50% when compared to other houses of the same type and age. Rules-of-thumb system sizing is often inaccurate, resulting in over sizing and wasteful operation.Controlled VentilationSince an energy-efficient home is tightly sealed, it's also important and fairly simple to deliberately ventilate the building in a controlled way.
Controlled, mechanical ventilation of the building reduces air moisture infiltration and thus the health risks from indoor air pollutants, promotes a more comfortable atmosphere, and reduces the likelihood of structural damage from excessive moisture accumulation. Since devices such as furnaces, water heaters, clothes dryers, and bathroom and kitchen exhaust fans exhaust air from the house, it's easier to depressurize a tight house if all else is ignored. Heat recovery ventilators (HRV) or energy recovery ventilators (ERV) are growing in use for controlled ventilation in tight homes. These devices salvage about 80% of the energy from the stale exhaust air and then deliver that energy to the fresh entering air by way of a heat exchanger inside the device. They are generally attached to the central forced air system, but they may have their own duct system.
They are, however, more expensive to operate and possibly more uncomfortable to use since they have no energy recovery features to pre-condition the incoming air.
Uncomfortable incoming air can be a serious problem if the house is in a northern climate, and they can create moisture problems in humid climates. This sort of ventilation strategy is recommended only for very mild to low humidity climates.
Common choices for auxiliary heating include radiant in-floor heating from a standard gas-fired water heater, a small boiler, furnace, or electric heat pump. They feel more comfortable since the additional insulation keeps the interior wall temperatures more stable.
They may cost more and take longer to build than a conventional home, especially if your builder and the contractors are not familiar with them. Even though their structure may differ only slightly from conventional homes, your builder and the contractors may be unwilling to deviate from what they've always done before. Before beginning a home-building project, carefully evaluate the site and its climate to determine the optimum design and orientation.
You may want to take the time to learn how to use some of the energy related software programs that are available to assist you. Prepare a design that accommodates appropriate insulation levels, moisture dynamics, and aesthetics. Decisions regarding appropriate windows, doors, and heating, cooling and ventilating appliances are central to an efficient design.
Also evaluate the cost, ease of construction, the builder's limitations, and building code compliance. Some schemes are simple to construct, while others can be extremely complex and thus expensive.
An increasing number of builders are participating in the federal government's Building America and Energy Star Homes programs, which promote energy-efficient houses. Many builders participate so that they can differentiate themselves from their competitors. Construction costs can vary significantly depending on the materials, construction techniques, contractor profit margin, experience, and the type of heating, cooling and ventilation system chosen.
However, the biggest benefits from designing and building an energy-efficient home are its superior comfort level and lower operating costs.

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