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GENI RSS - Global Energy Network Institute - The Global Energy Network Institute (GENI) focuses on the interconnection of electric power networks between nations and continents, with an emphasis on tapping abundant renewable energy resources. NAIVASHA, Kenya (AlertNet) – Kenya has inaugurated Africa’s biggest geothermal power project in a bid to meet its growing need for electricity and lower its consumption of nonrenewable energy. The 280 megawatt (MW) Olkaria Geothermal Project was commissioned by Kenya’s president, Mwai Kibaki, in July. India’s Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has issued a draft solar policy for Phase II of the country’s Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM), outlining its strategy to install 10GW by 2017 through mostly utility-scale projects. The US Department of Energy’s (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has released an updated 20-year version of its US National Solar Radiation Database.
US PV manufacturer SunPower has entered into a definitive joint venture agreement with three of its partners based in Mongolia and China. Orix Corporation, a financial services company based in Tokyo, Japan, has entered into a strategic partnership with Kyudenko Corporation to jointly launch a a€?mega-solara€? power generation business on the Japanese island of Kyushu.
Orix Corporation, a Japanese financial services group, has announced it will begin developing 81.6MW worth of a€?mega-solara€? PV plants at 17 sites across Japan.
From 2013, solar-powered litter bins offering wireless internet will be placed on the streets around the city of Aberdeen in Scotland.
Grid parity for residential and commercial consumers is within reach in many European countries, according to the PV Parity project consortium. The President of Costa Rica Laura Chinchilla has officially inaugurated a 1MW solar park in Miravalles which is said to be the country’s largest PV plant to date and the largest project of its kind in Central America. A slew of emerging markets for PV have been identified in a weighty new report from market research firm IHS, which has identified 20GW of PV projects across Asia Pacific, Latin America, Middle-East, Africa and "emerging Europe". US PV project developer SunEdison, Chint Solar, the Public Investment Corporation and the Kurisani Youth Development Trust have obtained US$314 million in long-term debt and equity financing for two large-scale solar projects in Limpopo province, South Africa. China’s CSP capacity could increase to 3GW by 2015, although more conservative estimates predict it will only grow to 1GW, according to a paper by the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
The installed cost of solar power systems in the US fell substantially last year and in the first half of this year, according the Department of Energya€™s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.
The National Solar Jobs Census 2012 published earlier this month revealed that solar companies are hiring faster than the general economy.
The first African initiative to generate hydrogen from water using renewable energy has been installed in Morocco. The global energy map is changing “in dramatic fashion”, the International Energy Agency (IEA) said today, as it launched the 2012 edition of its World Energy Outlook.
The US$12 billion should have been invested in harnessing renewable energy sites where a€?the wind blows the hardest or the sun shines the fiercesta€? such as in the deserts of Asia, the Americas and Africa, says Dr.
World Resources Institute identifies 1,200 coal plants in planning across 59 countries, with about three-quarters in China and India More than 1,000 coal-fired power plants are being planned worldwide, new research has revealed. Megalim Solar Power, a company established by BrightSource Energy and Alstom, has won the bid to build a 121MW solar thermal power plant in Israel. Four years ago, six months before the last presidential election, I expressed skepticism about whether the United States would adopt a cap-and-trade carbon reduction plan, even though both candidates Obama and McCain had explicitly favored such a system.
Tokelau has become the first territory able to meet all its electricity needs with solar power, officials say.
Laos plans to start building a dam on the Mekong River this week, a step that neighboring Cambodia and Vietnam fear could imperil fish and cripple rice fields. Italy has a total of 456,575 grid-connected PV plants currently in operation, benefitting from the country’s Conto Energia V incentive programme, according to figures published by Italian energy agency GSE. LONDON, Nov 5 (Reuters) - The world will have to cut the rate of carbon emissions by an unprecedented rate to 2050 to stop global temperatures from rising more than 2 degrees this century, a report released by PwC on Monday showed.
Iceland's famous for its breathtaking scenery, its geysers, its Blue Lagoon--and for sitting astride the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. According to RTT News, Gestamp and Zynergy’s joint venture (JV), Southern Solar, will complete the first 25MW of the project by March.
On July 30thA and 31stA the world's largest blackout -- The Great Indian Outage -- stretching from New Delhi to Kolkata occurred. The Serbian government and Luxembourg-based investor Securum Equity Partners have signed a binding framework agreement for a 1GW PV deal. US PV project developer Tenaska has installed the first PV module forA its 130MW Tenaska Imperial South solar project located at the company’s Imperial Solar Energy Center South facility near El Centro, California. The Development Bank of Southern Africa (DBSA) has approved loan facilities worth R9,668.50 billion (US$980 million) earmarked for 13 solar projects in South Africa.
The solar plant holds a 56MW installed capacity and is outfitted with nearly 700,000 thin-film PV panels from First Solar. US PV manufacturer SunPower Corporation has announced the completion of a 13.78MW solar power system at the US Naval Air Weapons Station China Lake (NAWS China Lake) in California. The surge in solar activities in Japan is continuing with Tokyo-based Marubeni Corporation announcing plans to create a a€?mega-solar power businessa€? by building an 81.5MW solar plant in Oita City, Japan. IKEA has allocated €1.5 billion to solar and wind projects up to 2015 in a bid to meet all its on-site energy demands from renewable sources by 2020.
Perhaps more than any other state, California has acted on the scientific consensus that global climate change is real and man-made. The Energy Department released a new report on August 14 highlighting strong growth in the U.S. It’s getting harder and harder to call wind power a niche source of electricity in the United States. Lockheed Martin secured a contract with the Office of Naval Research for the design and development of solid oxide fuel cell generator sets as an alternative to traditional battlefield power generation equipment. Through the NY-Sun Initiative — a programme which aims to co-ordinate a well-funded solar energy expansion plan — US$107 million will be injected into the NY-Sun Competitive PV Program to facilitate the development of large-scale PV systems throughout New York, US, Governor Andrew Cuomo has announced.
Energy minister of Punjab, India, Bikram Singh Majithia announced new financial incentives to be incorporated into a revised renewable energy policy for 2012. The government of the state of Gujarat in India has confirmed it is exploring the possibility of setting up a 1,000MW solar power project in conjunction with the International Finance Corporation (IFC). Through its Engineering and Support Centre, Huntsville, the US Army Corps of Engineers has issued a multiple-award task order contract (MATOC) RFP for US$7 billion in total contract capacity for the acquisition of locally generated, renewable and alternative energy through PPAs. When you see a lot of sixes coming up on a friend’s Monopoly dice, you might begin to harbor a suspicion that the dice are loaded. The global PV monitoring market is predicted to reach 23GW in 2012, according to the Global PV Monitoring 2012 report published by GTM Research. A partnership between the Interior and Defense departments will reopen 16 million acres of land to renewable energy development. According to a study by the Bureau of Resources and Energy Economics (BREE), PV, along with onshore wind, will be the cheapest sources of electricity in Australia by 2030.
The latest installation figures from the German Federal Network Agency show that the country’s mid-year subsidy change for rooftop installations has caused a surge in solar demand for the first half of 2012, with more than 4.3GW installed in a period of just six months. Public Service Electric and Gas (PSE&G), a US electric and gas company, has announced that it will submit a request to New Jersey Board of Public Utilities (BPU) for approval to invest up to US$883 million to expand its Solar 4 All and Solar Loan programmes in order to develop an additional 233MW of solar capacity. US retail giant Walmart is continuing to fulfill its promise to invest in renewable energy and has installed solar panels on the rooftop of its College Avenue store in San Diego to generate electricity. According to Hellenic Transmission System Operator SA (HTSO), Greece has installed an additional 97MW of grid-connected PV capacity in June 2012, bringing its total PV capacity to 724MW. China’s PV manufacturing base saw a major setback in the first and second quarters of 2012, with a severe slump in exports sparking the government to step in and further raise its PV installation target to 50GW, according to the latest quarterly report on China’s PV market from IMS Research.
Japan's largest single utility-scale solar power plant, using 290,000 multicrystalline solar modules supplied by Kyocera is expected to cost in the region of US$345 million or approximately ?27 billion when complet by autumn 2013. Perhaps not in the way Enerplan wished in a statement to France’s new president, Francois Hollande, but the country is pushing forwards with its plans for renewable energy generation.
Shaded parking array designed and developer, Envision Solar International, has announced that through a new partnership with Aconfort, it will be developing new business initiatives through the United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Spain.
The latest global PV inverter market report from IMS Research paints a mixed business environment for the sector that has more than 150 active suppliers.
SolarCity announced that it has partnered with Credit Suisse on a second round of investment. Credit Suisse, which just announced its US$200 million partnership with Solar City, has additionally advised that it has committed US$200 million to Sunrun. As California is in the midst of policy decisions that will determine its energy future, the GEA National Geothermal Summit will bring policy and industry leaders together in Sacramento Aug.
Endemic overcapacity and continued price declines within the polysilicon sector impeded Korean OCI Company’s previously announced plans for the construction of two plants in May.
Researchers have fashioned a new transparent solar cell that will not only permit windows at homes to generate power but also enable people to see outside.
Renewable energy will help in Afghanistan's energy scarcity problem according to a study by a researcher from Kansas State University. SolarCity has embarked on the second phase of Project SolarStrong, a billion dollar initiative to install solar panels on 120,000 units of privately managed U.S. A new web application collects cost and performance estimates for electric generation, advanced vehicles, and renewable fuel technologies and makes them available for utilities, policy makers, consumers, and academics. Greater amounts of renewable energy are continually being added to the power mix in the Western states, so ways to integrate those resources are paramount. New research by Columbia Engineering demonstrates remarkable optical nonlinear behavior of graphene that may lead to broad applications in optical interconnects and low-power photonic integrated circuits.
Chinese company Sky Solar will be a conduit to help form a strategic partnership for bilateral free trade between China and Chile. Some of the weather extremes bedeviling people around the world have become far more likely because of human-induced global warming, researchers reported on Tuesday. Ireland must invest even more in renewable technologies, expand grid integration and improve energy efficiency, the International Energy Agency says in a review of Irish energy policies, published today.
By 2050, more than 6 billion humans are expected to live in cities, according to the United Nations.
Fresh off the record-setting solar weekend in Germany, the country's transmission operators say plans are in the works for a huge transmission line buildout to accommodate growing wind power resources. SunEdison has sold a total of 98MW of European PV projects, the company has announced, closing three transactions last week. The US Senate’s recent vote to not extend the Department of Treasury's solar energy tax incentive has resulted in a creative alternative by underwriters from financial institutions like Bank of America to Credit Suisse and Citigroup. A new report from the International Energy Agency (IEA) has determined that over the next five years, in spite of economic uncertainty, global power generation from hydropower, solar, wind and other renewable resources will increase by over 40% to 6,400TWh. The Japanese Bank for International Cooporation (JBIC) has signed a general agreement with ICICI Bank (Bank of India) for an export credit line of up to US$30 million to fund a variety of renewable energy projects, it has been announced.
In 2011, California became the first US state to install more than 1GW of customer-generated solar energy, according to figures published by the California Public Utilities Commission. Japan has published its latest strategic energy plan, originally formulated in 2003 and reviewed every three years by conference bodies as well as various opinion polls. Spain-based Solarpack Corporacion Tecnologica was recently awarded a contract to supply energy to northern Chile's Collahuasi copper mine.
The Obama Administration today announced 36 new states, local governments, and school districts have joined President Obama's Better Buildings Challenge. 350 megawatt photovoltaic facility in Nevada will benefit Moapa Band of Paiute Indians, generate enough power for over 100,000 homes.
Lux Research’s Putting High-Concentration Photovoltaics into Focus report is expecting for high-concentrating PV (HCPV) to start making a bigger footprint in the solar industry. Chinese PV company Sky Solar is planning to invest in a 300MW PV project in Chile, according to a report by Reuters. Speaking at the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20), Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today announced that more than one hundred commitments and actions have been already mobilized in support of the UN’s global sustainable energy initiative. How much renewable energy can the United States accommodate over the coming decades is the subject of a new report published by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). When Masayoshi Son heard about the nuclear meltdowns in Fukushima last year, he had a mini meltdown of his own.
Japan approved on Monday incentives for renewable energy that could unleash billions of dollars in clean-energy investment and help the world's third-biggest economy shift away from a reliance on nuclear power after the Fukushima disaster. A new lithium ion battery technology may finally make the devices cheap enough and durable enough to turn electric cars from a niche product into a mass-market mode of transport.
Cuba looks forwards to adding a 16.5 percent renewable energy contribution to the country's energy output as a crucial factor for security, sustainability and sovereignty. Global investments in clean energy need to double by 2020 to avoid missing climate change targets, the International Energy Agency (IEA) said on Monday, calling on governments to spend more on technologies such as carbon storage and solar power.
Norwegian-based Scatec Solar and IFC InfraVentures have entered an agreement to develop a number of PV plants in West and Central Africa, the companies have announced. IBM and CUNY Ventures, a City University of New York (CUNY) Economic Development unit, have partnered under the Smart NY program in order to encourage the adoption of solar.
Having increased the allocation of solar projects to 350MW by 2016, in February this year, Karnataka Renewable Energy Development (KREDL) is in the process of seeking government approval for a solar park, following in the footsteps of states like Gujarat. Pakistan's slow economic growth and energy shortage could be coming to an end if proposals from Suntech to establish 100MW in the country are realized.
CNPV Solar Power executives were on hand, May 2, at Enel Green Power’s inauguration ceremony for its solar geothermal hybrid project in Stillwater, Nevada. Retail giant, Macy’s, has added a new solar array to the rooftop of its Edison, New Jersey distribution centre. An Energy Bag has been developed for undersea compressed air energy storage (CAES) of offshore wind, wave and tidal power. Bangladesh has evinced keen interest in importing power from Arunachal Pradesh, once the ongoing hydro electric projects in the state are commissioned. That's right - half of all of Germany was powered by electricity generated by solar plants. The Inter-American and Development Bank (IDB) and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) have entered a co-financing agreement worth US$600 million to invest in renewable private-sector projects in South America and the Caribbean. Nicaragua’s Ministry of Energy and Mines has started construction on a 1.38MW project in the west of the country.
The fast EV charger has been designed for fast charging in commercial and office areas, and can fully charges an electric car in 30-120 minutes.


Seoul: India has formally offered to provide Pakistan with 5,000 megawatt electricity to fulfill its energy requirements on an urgent basis regularly which could be transmitted through Punjab without much delay. Due to an aggressive FiT cut of between 20% for residential and 30%, for large-scale PV installations the German government will introduce the FiT cuts from March 9, 2012. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has, in collaboration with New Energy Technologies, produced its largest-area OPV module ever at 170cm2. The State Grid Corporation of China (SGCC), the country's largest power supplier, pledged Tuesday to launch projects in the country's most remote corners, offering another 2.07 million people access to electricity by the end of 2015. Over the past few years, Nicaragua's energy sector has become a State priority, and wheels have been set in motion to promote its development – as well as seek large-scale renewable energy projects.
An eminent UK engineer is suggesting building cloud-whitening towers in the Faroe Islands as a "technical fix" for warming across the Arctic. Former president Bill Clinton and NRG Energy’s president David Crane visited Haiti to examine the progress of the solar power installations built in partnership with the Solar Electric Light Fund (SELF).
Standing on the shores of the Mediterranean, anywhere from Tangiers to Istanbul, it’s not exactly difficult to imagine the region’s renewable potential. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has verified Alta Devices’ most recent and highest efficiency solar panel at 23.5%. There exists great wind energy potential that remains to be tapped in South Africa, experts said, reports Xinhua. Generation from wind turbines in the United States increased 27% in 2011 compared to 2010, continuing a trend of rapid growth. Japan this week marks the one year anniversary of the devastating earthquake and tsunami that has since forced it to re-evaluate its nuclear strategy.
A new report released today by the Institute for Energy and Environmental Research shows that Minnesota can meet 100% of its electricity needs with in-state wind and solar power, and (with ample energy efficiency investments) at a comparable cost to its existing electricity supply. Despite last year's bankruptcies of several solar manufacturers, including government-backed Solyndra, the U.S.
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Through the years of close co-operation with energy meter manufacturers, our latching relay engineers deeply understand the needs of those smart meter manufacturers.
The purpose of this page is to detail the Atom trapping and Cooling experiments being conducted at Manchester. The new apparatus which has been developed is aimed at providing a high density source of atoms for several different experiments in cold atoms. In these experiments, new types of collision processes are to be studied, including electron collisions from cold atoms, BEC's and from slow atomic beams. The Cold Atom Facility which has been developed in Manchester is a bright source of cold atoms, and is shown in Figure 1. Atoms emitted from the source can be laser collimated in the second stage of the experiment, which consists of a 6-way 200mm 316LN cross attached to the source chamber. Laser collimation can be accomplished either using an optical molasses, through a 2D MOT or by exploiting the transverse momentum transferred to the atomic beam as it traverses this region using angled mirrors.
Atoms from the collimated source that enter the Zeeman slower (figure 5) are longitudinally cooled and compressed in phase space using a blue detuned laser which passes along the axis of the Zeeman slower.
The design of the apparatus in Manchester allows atoms to be cooled, trapped and accumulated very rapidly from the source, which operates continuously. It has been demonstrated that the trap density reaches saturation (where no more atoms can be trapped due to radiation trapping and other restrictions) within 1 second.
The MOT1 chamber has been designed with numerous CF-70 ports to allow additional experiments to be connected to the chamber.
Since the ratio of accumulation time to trapping time is 400:1, the apparatus will be able to continuously load different cold atom experiments from the main source while maintaining the maximum trapping density which can be achieved in each of these experiments.
One of the goals in the design of this apparatus was to produce a well-collimated beam of atoms from the atomic beam source prior to laser collimation (see figure 1). There are several different types of atomic beam oven that can be used in these types of experiments, ranging from a simple crucible that directs atoms through a hypodermic needle (and hence produces a beam that is quite divergent) through capillary array sources (which are unsuitable for metal vapour targets as needed here), on through passively collimated sources as is used in Manchester for super-elastic scattering experiments from calcium and finally on to the most sophisticated (and most complex) sources which use a recirculating arrangement for collimation and recycling of the material under study. Recirculating oven sources have several advantages over other sources (if they are suitable). Firstly, since the source only produces atoms which enter the atomic beam, there is very little waste of material. As an example, the potassium source used in these cold atom experiments in Manchester has been operating for over 2 years without the need to refill the crucible. Secondly, the use of a condensation chamber surrounding the emitting nozzle means that vapour from the oven is re-condensed onto the inner walls of this chamber, to be fed back to the crucible. Figure 2 shows the recirculating oven that has been designed and commissioned in Manchester. The condensation chamber is held at a temperature ~340K so that the potassium on the walls is in a liquid form. Potassium vapour that is directed through the output aperture of the condensation chamber becomes the atomic beam which is used in the experiments. Close control of the recirculating oven temperature is achieved by using several constant current supplies which feed the tungsten heaters as shown in figure 2. Although not yet tested with Rb, it is fully expected that this atomic beam oven can be used with equal success using Rubidium (melting temperature 312K) as the chosen source. Rubidium will be used for the production of Bose Einstein Condensates (BEC's) and for other experiments in the near future. Details of this recirculating beam source are currently being written as a paper for submission to an appropriate journal.
Following laser collimation using an optical molasses (figure 1), the atomic beam enters the Zeeman slower.
The effective way to slow atoms down using lasers is to adopt the process of laser cooling where the spontaneous emission process is used as a mechanism to provide a dissipative force. An atom initially travelling with momentum pA = MAv is subjected to laser radiation directed in the opposite direction, where MA is the mass of the atom and v is the velocity of the atom. Since linear momentum must be conserved, absorption of a photon from the field means that the atom must slow down. Firstly it is possible for a second photon from the laser field to stimulate the atom to decay back to the ground state. Secondly, the atom may relax back to the ground state spontaneously (spontaneous emission process). IF the photon is emitted in the same direction as the incident photon, then the momentum of the atom will return back to it's initial value prior to the interaction pA = MAv, and so the atom velocity does not change. By repeating this process many thousands of times, the atoms will slow down until they are stopped. The process of compression of the velocity distribution occurs since atoms with different velocities will only come into resonance with the laser beam at certain times during the cycling process. The method adopted here changes the internal states of the atoms by application of a magnetic field, which perturbs the atomic transitions which are coupled together by the laser radiation field. Figure 4 shows the type of magnetic field that is required to ensure the atoms can be effectively slowed and cooled. Figure 5 and figure 1 shows Zeeman slower that has been designed for the experiments in Manchester. 3,500m of rectangular section aluminium wire is used to provide the field, wound onto the flight tube as 5 individual coils. These coils are operated by 5 x 20A constant current supplies whose current can be tailored so as to produce the required field profile along the flight tube. Four additional coils are located at the exit of the Zeeman slower which disrupt the field so as to release atoms into the MOT chamber. The Zeeman slower dissipates ~5,000W when operated at full current, and cooling of the slower is implemented by the external copper coils and by an internal water jacket next to the flight tube.
Six laser beams of appropriate polarization are directed at the centre of the coils (the trapping region) which act as an OPTICAL MOLASSES to the atoms which enter this region, as shown in Figure 7.
The laser interaction acts as the velocity dependent frictional force that slows the atoms down, in the same way as inside the Zeeman Slower. Since the molasses component is velocity dependent, as the atoms slow down they will gradually stop moving (within these approximations). The magnetic field from the anti-Helmholtz coils in combination with the laser beams ensures that the force acting on the atoms also has a restoring component that drives the atoms back to the centre of the trapping region (this force depends on the distance from the centre of the trap). Since the restoring component is distance dependent, atoms subjected to this component will perform simple Harmonic motion (within these approximations). This does not happen, as the atoms may still absorb and emit photons from the laser field, leading to a minimum velocity that is given by the recoil momentum of the atoms undergoing these absorption and emission processes (the quantum limit). For potassium atoms in the experiment in Manchester, the temperature of the atoms in the trap has been measured to be ~250 micro-Kelvin. The success of the apparatus in producing a bright rapidly accumulating source of cold atoms means that new experiments now become possible.
The first experiments to be attempted will scatter low energy electrons from the cold atoms either produced from the Zeeman slower, or inside the MOT. For these experiments, a pulsed electron gun has been constructed and installed in the AC-MOT chamber to produce a low energy electron beam of up to 10 microamps current at energies from 2eV to 100eV.
Electrons from this source are directed at the trapped or slow atoms, so that they are ionized by the electron collision as shown in figure 11. In this case, momentum of incident electron beam is known, as is momentum of cooled or trapped atoms.
By measuring the recoiling ions, it is then possible to measure differential cross sections for ionization of these cold targets over the complete scattering geometry as shown in Figure 12.
The graph shows the momentum which is transferred from the electron to the ionized potassium target as a function of the momentum of the neutral target, where both outgoing electrons are scattered symmetrically wrt the incident beam direction. By detecting one electron in coincidence with the ion momentum, it is possible to completely determine the cross section for all scattering geometries.
This technique is also used in COLTRIMS experiments which exploit supersonically prepared target atoms, however by using cold atoms the sensitivity of the technique is enhanced many times. Further, since the momentum of the initial target can be controlled by the Zeeman slower, it is possible to take sensitive measurements at different angles so as to ensure accuracy in the data. Other experiments being considered include super-elastic scattering of electrons from trapped atoms, study of interaction of electrons with BEC's, and interaction of fermions with ultra-cold ensembles.
Watch this space for new results and developments in these collision experiments, including details of the AC-MOT! The Cold Atom Facility developed in Manchester has potential to deliver a high density of cold atoms to different experiments so as to allow multiple experiments to be performed from the one source. This page describes the atom trapping and cooling experiments being conducted in Manchester. 3.3 As metals and other elements were discovered, scientists recognised that patterns in their physical and chemical properties could be used to organise the elements into a Periodic Table. Doing this enabled Mendeleyev to correctly predicted the properties of elements not yet discovered. Metals have good conductivity, non-metals have poor conductivity, metalloids have intermediate conductivity. Ionisation energy: First ionisation energy is the energy required to remove one electron from the neutral atom.
From this we can say - metals have high melting points, non-metals have low boiling points. Choose a property that shows clear trends - first ionisation energy, electronegativity, and atomic radius are ideal.
From this we can say - metals have high melting points, non-metals have low boiling points.A  Thata€™s because the stronger the forces between the atoms of an element, the higher the melting point. 30, 2012) — Developers of renewable energy and shale gas must overcome fundamental geological and environmental challenges if these promising energy sources are to reach their full potential, according to a trio of leading geoscientists. The Solar Foundation's review of the US solar workforce found that as of September 2012, the solar industry had grown to 119,016 workers under its definition of those "who spend at least 50% of their time supporting solar-related activities".
The completion of Africa’s first wind–hydrogen system is a collaboration between the Pure Energy® Centre in Scotland, Sahara Wind Inc, and Al Akhawayn University in Morocco. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has launched a new tool and redesigned DOE's Alternative Fuels Data Center Web site to help fleet managers, municipalities and consumers choose from a wide variety of alternative fuels and energy efficiency strategies for reducing petroleum use, vehicle emissions, and operating costs. This year, though neither President Obama or challenger Romney has uttered the words "climate change" during the campaign, my prediction is that the United States will soon adopt some kind of carbon plan, regardless of who wins. Among energy wonks, Iceland is also well known for using its abundant renewable energy, and especially for tapping the volcanic roots of the island in developing its geothermal resources.
It has been noted that Rohit Rahindernath, CEO and MD of Zynergy stated that the Southern Solar will buy 202 hectares in the Madurai and Ramnad districts, with the JV planning to sell the power generated by the plants directly to industrial consumers.
This blackout caused by northern power grid failure had put nearly 700 million people -- twice the population of the U.S.
Last year, wind turbines represented one-third of all new generation capacity built in the country, behind only natural gas.
Lockheed Martin's fuel cell technology will be integrated with solar panels, providing the military with the power needed to perform missions while using dramatically less fuel. Gujarat estimates that the project could cost around Rs 8 to 9 crore per MW, therefore, the 1,000MW project could cost anywhere between Rs 8,000 to 9,000 crore. Moreover, non-tracking PV is estimated to go on to become the cheapest power generation technology in Australia by 2050. This marks the company’s 100th solar installation in California and is in line with its aim to expand its solar portfolio to more than 75% of its stores in the state, approximately 130 stores, by the end of 2013. HTSO also revealed that the country’s PV systems generated 161.5 GWh of electricity in the same month. Tough competition in the global market place, vast oversupply and falling prices has put Chinese manufacturers’ balance sheets under huge pressure and China’s government has responded by more than doubling its long-term installation target from 20 to 50 GW by 2020. With project finance now in place, construction of the plant in Kagoshima City, on land owned by IHI Corporation, will start in September. Delphine Batho, the new minister for ecology, sustainable development and energy, announced the results of two tenders for solar plants.
Although having defended reasonably well against price declines, compared to the rest of the supply chain, the market research firm is forecasting inverter sector revenues to only increase by 3% in 2012, while shipments increased nearly 25%.


The investment will go towards building solar panel installations and will help offset the upfront cost of solar panels for SolarCity customers.
The investment will help support the purchase and installation of thousands of residential solar systems in the US. Nevertheless, its North-American arm, OCI Solar Power, has signed a landmark deal with CPS Energy in San Antonio, Texas, to develop more than 400MW of projects. The Transparent Cost Database (TCDB) app provides technology cost and performance estimates that can be used to benchmark company costs, model energy scenarios, and inform research and development decisions. With the placement of a sheet of graphene just one-carbon-atom-thick, the researchers transformed the originally passive device into an active one that generated microwave photonic signals and performed parametric wavelength conversion at telecommunication wavelengths. CEO Amy Zhang recently attended a banquet hosted by Chilean President Sebastian Pinera in the capital, Santiago, an event also attended by Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao and his entourage. Yet they ruled it out as a cause of last year’s devastating floods in Thailand, one of the most striking weather events of recent years.
Ports, which constitute more than half the world's largest cities, will face unique challenges as their populations swell. The projects include a 60MW PV plant in Karadzhalovo, Bulgaria, which was sold to a consortium of investors including the First Reserve Energy Infrastructure Fund, Saudi Arabian developer ACWA Power and Turkish private equity firm Crescent Capital.
The report, Medium-Term Renewable Energy Market Report 2012, finds that renewable electricity generation should expand by 1,840TWh between 2011 and 2017; nearly 60% more than the 1,160TWh growth found to have taken place between 2005 and 2011. The scheme is aimed at both bridge finance as well as long-term finance of solar projects and will be offered to companies already under PPAs. Other private Japanese institutions will also co-finance the loan, adding another US$50 million to the credit line, making the credit a total of US$80 million. The company has been responsible for the design and construction of the plant and has also supplied 13,000 thin-film PV modules for the installation. The report, California Solar Initiative (CSI) also demonstrates that 311MW were installed in the investor-owned utility territories last year. The latest revision includes a road map of energy-based economic growth and reformation of the energy infrastructure. According to a statement emailed to Bloomberg from Compania Minera Dona Ines de Collahuasi, the company will deliver 60,000MWh of energy a year from two solar plants, beginning in Q4 2013. These new commitments total nearly 300 million square feet in job-creating building energy upgrades, equivalent to more than 130 Empire State Buildings.
The research company’s new report expects for HCPV to have a 31% compound annual growth rate until 2017, growing to 697MW in five years.
Sky Solar, in collaboration with Chilean Sigdo Koppers and the Chinese Development Bank, has announced the signing of an agreement on Tuesday, under which Sky Solar is looking to invest US$900 million to construct the 300MW solar power park over three years. Waltham, Mass.-manufacturer A123 Systems has produced a cell that delivers 20 percent more power, works at temperatures as low as a€“30 degrees Celsius and as high as 60 degrees C, and should be just as easy as current batteries to manufacture.
IFC will be financing the projects while Scatec will be responsible for designing, developing, constructing and operating PV plants with a capacity of 10MW or more in different African countries. The program aims to develop the ability to analyse and understand key solar market indicators that make solar systems more cost competitive by using IBM's Intelligent Operation Centre (IOC) for Smarter Cities.
KREDL wishes to build the 1,000 hectare solar park at Mannur village in Bijapur, India, through a public-private partnership (PPP) model. Speaking at a meeting attended by Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gilani, Minister for Water and Power, Naveed Qamar, secretaries of the ministries of EAD, Water and Power, chairman NEPRA, CEO AEDB, Pakistan's ambassador to China and senior officials of relevant ministries, Dr Shi Zhengrong, chairman of Suntech, announced plans for the phased installation of plants with a generating capacity of 20MW each.
CNPV supplied its PV modules for the project, which has 33MW of geothermal capacity and 26MW of solar capacity.
Overall, the country’s reliance on foreign oil has fallen since 2005, with net imports of total consumption declining from 57% in 2008 to 45% in 2011 – claimed by the administration to be the lowest level since 1995. The solar farm, located 12km from the city of Diriamba, will be partly funded by the Japanese, with an investment of US$12 million.
It can also charge to set levels in a shorter period of time if a full charge is not necessary. Due to an aggressive FiT cut of between 20% for residential and 30% for large-scale PV installations, the German government will introduce the FiT cuts from March 9, 2012 to eliminate a rush of installations to beat the tariff change.
The companies’ engineers have worked together on developing New Energy’s SolarWindow technology that allows the generation of electricity on see-through glass windows.
21, 2012 – As part of the Obama Administration's "We Can't Wait" efforts to strengthen the economy, create jobs and support business growth, Administration officials announced three significant actions to expand the government's purchase of biobased products, promote regional rural job creation efforts, and develop a rural healthcare workforce, all of which build on the historic investments the Administration has made in rural America over the past three years. In doing so, it also unveiled a plan that could have big implications for renewable energy across the continent.
Industrial Spacetek (ISTEK) could be the ideal source of power relay for your smart meter business.
Modern power meter manufacturers are shifting their focus from traditional energy meters to smart meters.
The apparatus produces a bright, cold atom source which competes with the best in the world for speed of accumulation of cold atoms into a Magneto-Optical Trap (MOT), and for the lifetime of atoms that are subsequently cooled and trapped. These experiments will exploit the momentum transferred in the collision process to ascertain new information about the target interactions, and to study collisions with cold and ultra-cold targets for the first time.
The apparatus consists of a recirculating oven source, which produces a quasi-collimated beam of atoms into the laser collimation stage.
The cold atom facility that has been developed at Manchester, showing the various components of the apparatus and the laser beams which are used to cool and trap the atoms emitted from the source.
Large windows are attached to the cross to allow the collimating laser beams to enter this region.
In the present setup, optical molasses has been used to increase the collimation of the atomic beam prior to the Zeeman slower.
The aim of this design is to facilitate rapid trapping of the cold atoms, then transfer of these cold atoms to different experiments that are connected to the MOT1 chamber via these ports. In this way, experiments which have low cross sections (such as collisions experiments with electrons, neutrals or ions) will be possible in the near future.
By ensuring this criteria is met, the vacuum chambers are far less polluted by unwanted atoms that are emitted from the source. This means that the source can be operated for very long periods of time without the need to refill the crucible.
The physical size of the condensation crucible and the output aperture then defines the collimation of the atomic beam that exits and therefore becomes the emerging atomic beam. The crucible is loaded with potassium (melting temperature ~337K) and the temperature of different components of the source are closely controlled.
Surface tension ensures that the liquid potassium runs down the walls of the condensation chamber and is gravity fed back to the crucible (which operates at a temperature of ~650K). The temperature of the condensation chamber is accurately controlled by passing a heated high temperature silicon oil through a sealed chamber within the walls of the chamber as shown. Since atoms emerging from the oven have a wide range of different velocities (as dictated by the Maxwell Boltzmann distribution), it is necessary to slow these atoms down so that they can be captured by the MOT.
The laser frequency (wavelength) is set to be resonant with the atomic transition so that there is a high probability of absorption of a photon from the laser field by the atom, which is then promoted to an excited state.
In this case (stimulated emission process) the photon from the atom emerges in the same direction as the photon in the laser field. In this case, the atom has no 'memory' of how it was excited, and so does not know the direction of the incident photon.
By ensuring that either the laser frequency or the atomic transition frequency is time (or space) dependent, compression can occur.
One method that is used is to 'chirp' the slowing laser beam (figure 1) so that as the atoms slow down they remain in resonance with the laser beam. As the atoms slow down, the magnetic field is then adjusted so that the atoms remain in resonance with the laser beam (or they will Doppler shift out of resonance). A set of 'disruption coils' are used at the exit of the slower to ensure atoms can escape into the MOT chamber. Picture of the Zeeman slower shown with the cooling coils surrounding the current carrying coils. Inside this chamber is a twin set of coils setup to produce zero field at the centre of the coils (anti-Helmholtz configuration), as shown in figure 6. Movie of the atoms being trapped in the MOT from the Zeeman slower (first successful trapping with an accumulation time ~1sec, and aA  lifetime ~10 seconds).
Collisional ionization of atoms from the Zeeman slower or within the MOT trap, showing the setup of the experiment which detects the recoiling ions from the interaction. The collision for ionization of cold atoms from Zeeman slower and those trapped in the MOT.
The incident energy is 30eV, and the curves show the effect of the ionization process on the final ion momenta (velocity and angle) as a function of the scattering angle. These experiments may be far ranging, depending on the apparatus that is connected to the source. Suggest properties of some of the 4 elements you are not familiar with by using the patterns in the periods and groups.
Submit your table and graph showing how the property changes across a period and down a group. According to the 2011 Wind Technologies Market Report, the United States remained one of the world’s largest and fastest growing wind markets in 2011. To help ensure reliable energy supplies for the nation’s military bases, while protecting the environment and saving taxpayer money. But as demand increases in the world's warmer regions, global energy consumption for air conditioning is expected to continue to rise dramatically and could have a major impact on climate change. Each round included an investment of US$100 million from Credit Suisse, for a total of US$200 million. The plant was connected to the grid in March 2012 and had been funded by an IFC €155 million debt financing agreement. The SEIA predicts solar installations could increase by 75%, exceeding the 3,200MW goal for 2012.
With this new finance scheme, Waaree can provide financial support for companies investing in PV in India and for the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM). The CSI program has received a budget of US$2.4 billion and is aiming to reach 1,940MW of solar capacity by the end of 2016. The strategy is to ensure growth and encourage multi-faceted international trade by taking into account the social cost and price differences between nuclear, thermal and renewable energy generation. Among the first countries in which Scatec and IFC are planning to develop solar power plants are Benin, Cameroon, Togo, Niger and Burkina Faso.
Initiated and owned by Enel Green Power, the project is said to be the world’s first and only geothermal hybrid project.
Enfinity owns the solar plant and under a 20-year PPA, will sell the electricity produced to Macy’s at a fixed rate. According to Nicaraguan newspaper El Nuavo Diario, the PV installation will become the largest in Central America. Today's announcements are the latest in a series of executive actions the Obama Administration is taking to strengthen the economy and move the country forward because we can't wait for Congress to act.
This is because smart meters become more and more important in the big plan of smart grids and smart cities. These anti-tampering energy meter relays can operate properly in very strong magnetic fields from 300mt up (e.g. We often assemble CTs  according to customer's requirements for accurate current measurement.
Initial collimation of the atomic beam is achieved in the recirculating oven source through the use of small apertures as is shown in figure 2.
In this way, atoms accumulated in MOT1 can be transferred to several different experiments where they can be recaptured for further study, or experiments can be directly conducted on the trapped atoms in MOT1. Since no atoms are emitted apart from those in the atomic beam, contamination of the vacuum chamber is virtually eliminated.
In this way, atoms are emitted from the nozzle into the condensation chamber, where they are re-condensed onto the walls of this chamber. In this way, the complex temperature conditions which are essential for correct operation of this source can be maintained.
Further, it is important to also compress the velocity distribution of these atoms so that they have a much narrower distribution at the exit of the slowing tube. In this case, the momentum of the atom will return back to its original value pA, and there is NO slowing of the atom by the laser beam.
A grid failure of this magnitude has thrown light on the massive demand for power in a country and its struggle to generate much-needed power supply.
In a few states, such as South Dakota, Minnesota and Iowa, wind provides more than 10 percent of all electricity. ACWA subsidiary NOMAC and SunEdison will operate and maintain the plant under a joint vernture agreement. The only negative could be that developers may have to offer higher interest rates than more established asset-backed bonds in order to attract investors. Kornilakis MEPE, a Greek logistics company, had the system installed on its 68,000mA? warehouse roof.
Co-developed by SunConnect, the project received longer-term financing through PSE&G’s SREC-based solar loan program. Germany is pretty much singlehandedly proving that solar can be a major, reliable source of power - even in countries that aren't all that sunny.
The Terra SC uses the widely available 3-phase 32A input, eliminating the need for a costly grid connection upgrade. In the first experiments using this Facility, potassium atoms have been cooled and trapped. Once the atoms enter MOT1, they experience frictional force due to the laser interaction and a restoring force due to the magnetic field, so that they rapidly cool to a temperature ~250 micro-Kelvin around the centre of the trap.



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