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Solar energy systems such as Photovoltaic (PV) panels, concentrated solar power (CSP) systems, Concentrated PV systems (CPV) or Solar Thermal technologies are systems utilized to exploit solar energy and convert it to a usable energy form. In review of the global energy practices we see a proliferated pattern of different national energy strategies, environmental political will, energy-legislation and national policies on the structure of each nation’s energy mix. To reinforce our efforts in meeting with these objectives we have devised mechanisms to assist us in the modern economical and political environment – e.g. Yet, we see that, in energy consumption, oil is still the ‘king’ (also natural gas and coal). So, is there any potential in renewable energy sources to justify the shift in our energy mix? The annual global energy consumption, for 2009, was estimated at 16 TW-yrs (or 140,160,000,000 KW-hrs) illustrated by the orange sphere on the left-most side. The spheres on the right hand side represent the total estimated amount of energy potential of discrete planetary energy sources (fossil fuels – Natural gas, petroleum, Coal and nuclear from Uranium) – as the finite known potential of fossil fuel and nuclear energy resources.
The spheres in the middle represent the energy potential of renewable energy sources per year – annual potential of renewable energy sources. It is important to understand that the spheres representing  fossil fuels show the total estimated energy amount of the earth while the spheres representing renewable energy potential show only annual amounts of energy - i.e.
It is thus equally important to understand that solar energy is the energy that will power future generations in both before and after depletion of our limited fossil sources. Dino green is a Mechanical Engineer and a qualified accredited expert in certification of energy performance of buildings.
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InternationalInternational energy information, including overviews, rankings, data, and analyses. Uranium purchased earlier in the nuclear fuel cycle, such as the purchase of uranium concentrate, must be converted to natural uranium hexafluoride and enriched before reactor fuel can be fabricated.
Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao urged the country to obtain a complete understanding of how important nuclear safety is at an executive meeting of the State Council on March 16. Although nuclear power only accounts for 2 percent of the country’s total annual power generation, China is regarding nuclear power development as one of the essential means for energy generation. Currently China has six nuclear plants with a total of 13 nuclear reactor units in operation. In addition, there are still 27 nuclear reactor units under construction and the government plans to complete most of them by 2015. The Chinese public has been concerned over the safety of the country’s nuclear stations, especially after two radiation leaks at Guangdong’s Daya Bay nuclear power station last year.
Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh asked for an urgent safety review on the country’s 20 nuclear power plants this week. As an emerging economy still faced with a limited supply of energy, India is seeing nuclear power emerge as the fourth largest source of the country’s electricity, following thermal, hydroelectric and renewable sources.


With another five plants under construction, India hopes to see its nuclear power output reach 64,000MWe by 2032. While China and India show more caution on the potential risks of nuclear power expansion, several eastern European countries chose to play down the nuclear crisis in Japan in order to maintain their plans for rapid nuclear power expansion. Russia, whose nuclear power contributes 16 percent to its total power generation every year, is looking to double its nuclear power generation by 2020, in order to reduce natural gas consumption. Poland, the country that is considering its own nuclear power projects, is not likely to give up their plans either, according to the country’s Prime Minister Donald Tusk.
While nuclear power is playing an increasingly important role in global energy supply by providing 6 percent of the world’s energy and 13 percent to 14 percent of the world’s electricity, many anti-nuclear opponents still argue that nuclear power poses too many threats to people and the environment. After the radiation leakage in Japan, the application of renewables such as wind energy and hydropower as alternatives to nuclear power has turned into a popular topic in people’s discussions.
In the light of recent epidemic disasters in Japan, it is high time to realize the black holes of so called nuclear power for the nation. Dezan Shira & Associates provide a range of services for companies looking to undertake foreign direct investment into Asia, These include corporate establishment, accounting, tax, payroll, audit and due diligence. Despite stagnant economic growth globally, primary energy consumption surged in 2013, with growth for nuclear power and renewables in power generation expanding at above-average rates, BP said in its recently released Statistical Review of World Energy 2014. Globally, coal consumption grew 3% in 2013—below the 10-year average of 3.9%—but coal is still the fastest-growing fossil fuel, the report suggested. Natural gas consumption also grew in 2013, although below the historical average, with consumption lax in every region except North America.
POWERnews is a weekly e-newsletter that keeps you informed about the latest developments in the electric power industry. Learn how to make the best use of drones and robots at the Drone Workshop at ELECTRIC POWER 2016! Has our April cover story on using drones and robots for power plant O&M left you wanting to learn more?
Asia Pacific consumption has grown by 62% in 13 years and is the global driver of increasing consumption. Note China's big increase in consumption sinec 2001 and it's slowdown in 1997 after the Asian financial crisis - China is the global "driver". Similarly, Wind turbines exploit the energy potential of wind turning it into a usable form of energy (electricity); other energy systems exploit the potential of other renewable energy sources (geothermal, biomass, hydro, tidal) providing an alternative source of energy. Our efforts, as mankind, to combat environmental challenges, include amongst others, setting objectives in reducing our emissions of harmful gases, such as CO2, reducing global warming and green house effects, replacing fossil fuels with renewable energy sources, increasing our energy efficiency – in consuming less for the same amount of output – and abiding to meet these targets in a timely schedule for long term sustainability. We know that Renewable Energy Sources – RES have indeed technical issues limiting their application, but we even hear that renewable energy sources cannot really be a solution as they cannot sustain the load of global energy consumption.
We see that total energy (in Terawatt-years [TW-yr]) for Natural gas is estimated at 215 TW-yrs, for petroleum at 240, for Uranium between 90 and 300 and for coal at 900, together totaling to approximately 1655 TW-yrs.
We can see that wind, OTEC, biomass, Hydro, Geothermal and tidal energy amount to a sum of just 98 TW-hrs while the solar energy potential for a year is estimated at an amazing amount of 23,000 TW-hrs (shown by large yellow sphere).
Of course we see various applications of all forms of renewable energy technologies given various parameters such as climatic conditions, morphological-terrestrial conditions and energy dynamics across the globe. If uranium is purchased after the enrichment process, the only step remaining is the fabrication into nuclear fuel. 21 – Debates on the use of nuclear power as a form of alternative energy rose in emerging Asian countries last week as the nuclear crisis after Japan’s catastrophic earthquake and tsunami stood out as a prominent threat to the public health.
The meeting decided to conduct an immediate safety review on operating nuclear reactors and nuclear plants under construction across the whole nation.
The country has named 13 locations across its major coastal cities for prior nuclear power station expansion. The government claims that it has taken earthquake risks into consideration when handpicking locations for nuclear plants. Up through 2010, India has established 20 nuclear reactors in six nuclear power plants generating a total of 4,780 MWe.
Lust last week, Russia signed a new agreement with Belarus to finance and build the country’s first nuclear power plant, which is worth US$6 billion.


Most of those people are concerned over the risks brought by earthquakes and nuclear waste. As a result, stocks in China’s clean energy sector showed strong signs of growth late last week – a small positive sign in the dismal post-quake market. And while electricity generation fell for the third year in a row in member countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), it surged 4.8% in non-OECD countries.
Globally, wind energy (up 20.7%) again accounted for more than half of renewable power generation growth, and solar power generation grew even more rapidly (33%). Attendees will learn how drones can help power professionals assess safety conditions at plant sites, inspect equipment deep inside hard to reach areas, evaluate temperature distribution through aerial thermal imaging cameras, and more. This is expected to increase further as popultion increases and countries become industrialised - particularly India, China and Far Eastern countries.
There has been a huge increase in Nuclear power consumption from 1970 to 1990, but environmental concerns stifled the growth in the 1990s. Also notice that Russia has decreased after heavy industry closed after the collapse of the Soviet Union in late 1980s.
Renewable energy is alternative energy that can be ‘consumed’ in place of energy that would be sourced from finite resources (fossils or nuclear).
In effect, for the past decades we have been witnessing tremendous development of the renewable energy sector, the green energy and clean power market that are actually transforming our whole industrial and economic environment – manufacturing industry, construction industry, adoption of environmental concepts – green buildings, conservation of energy in construction, usage and our lifestyle in general.
Some argue that promotion of renewable sources aims at economic motives in renewable technologies and their related industrial and political interests (e.g.
At the 2009 level, fossil fuels alone can last for about 100 more years; considering global demographical and economical expansion trend, global energy demand is estimated to increase by 30% or more by year 2040, making fossil fuels duration last a lot shorter! It also announced that China will suspend all approvals of new nuclear power projects before the authorities go through the national safety review thoroughly. Even though China recorded the “weakest absolute growth since 2008,” that country still accounted for 67% of coal’s global growth, with India accounting for 21%.
If global GDP averages 3%, energy consumption would normally increase by 60% of the GDP number - approximately 2% in this example. The dip in 2004 was cuase by Japanese nuclear plant being shut down due to maintenance concerns - these have since been bought back online. France's production has also expanded significantly - they are now the second biggest producers in the world. Europe has declined - driven by stable Western European consumption along with the decline of eastern European and Russia heavy industry.
The USA has grown slightly, but less than trend GDP growth of some 3% per annum - this suggest conservation and less reliance of energy intensive industry.
During 2012, a total of 52 million pounds of uranium hexafluoride (UF6) was delivered to enrichers in China, France, Germany, Netherlands, Russia, United Kingdom, and the United States. India's consumption has doubled in the last ten year - and is expected to keep growing like China at high rates for the foreseeable future. Of course there are many issues to be resolved regarding penetration of renewable energy sources into the energy mix such as intermittency of renewable input sources, their fluctuation and unpredictability that sets them unreliable thus limits their usage in power generation. Similarly by comparing solar energy vs biomass or hydro energy we realize the amazing scale of solar power. However, new technological developments in energy storage, thermal energy storage (TES) and solar energy systems, is promising a bright future for RES.
This direct comparison shows that solar energy is orders of magnitude larger than any of the other energy sources combined together. It is thus evident that ‘technical issues’ will eventually be resolved – what remains unanswered (to some!) is whether renewables are indeed ‘enough’ to get us forward. In fact, we could say that if humanity would power 100% of its consumption only from solar energy, assuming 100% absorption of solar radiation, it would only require 88 minutes of solar radiation to cover for humanity’s total energy consumption for a year!



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