Business strategies for sustainable development definition,best editing software for fashion photography,catch video converter 1 free,kernel video sharing v1.5.0 free download - 2016 Feature

The greatest challenge facing the world today is the need to achieve sustainable development--development that will bring economic and social progress to all without harming the future of our planet.
In September, the United Nations hosted an important summit on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) where the international community embraced a global 2030 Agenda to alleviate poverty, expand health and education, and preserve our planet for future generations. To help meet its ambitious goals, the Agenda calls upon the international community to "increase access to information and communications technology and strive to provide universal and affordable access to the Internet in least developed countries (LDCs) by 2020." Of course the Internet is not "the answer" to the challenges of poverty, inequality and environmental degradation. At present, between 40% and 45% of the world's people use the Internet at least occasionally, but the figure is much lower--less than 10%--in the LDCs. Access is, of course, necessary as a first step, and it requires investment in infrastructure, led by the private sector.
In addition to access, creation of relevant local online content in developing countries is an important driver for the adoption and growth of the Internet.
Research by the Internet Society and others has shown that there are powerful links between the development of local content, affordable access and the development of the Internet ecosystem in developing countries.
Lastly, cooperation between stakeholders will be crucial in formulating strategies and programs that bring together development priorities and the full potential of the Internet. Fifty years later, in 1950, the leading ten cities had doubled in size, and Shanghai, Buenos Aires, and Calcutta had joined the list. The oldest surviving corporations, Stora Enso in Sweden and the Sumitomo Group in Japan, are about 700 and 400 years old, respectively. I suspect that one cause of their durability is that cities are the most constantly changing of organizations.
The reversal of opinion about fast-growing citiesa€”from bad news to good newsa€”began with The Challenge of Slums, a 2003 UN-HABITAT report.
In 2007 the United Nations Population Fund gave that yeara€™s report the upbeat title Unleashing the Potential of Urban Growth. If cities are concentrators of efficiency and innovation, an article about the scaling paper in Conservation magazine surmised, then, a€?the secret to creating a more environmentally sustainable society is making our cities bigger. In Peter Ackroyda€™s London: The Biography (2000), he quotes William Blakea€”a€?Without Contraries is no progressiona€?a€”and ventures that Blake came to that view from his immersion in London.
The common theory of the origin of cities states that they resulted from the invention of agriculture: Surplus food freed people to become specialists. Agriculture, it appears, was an early invention by the dwellers of walled towns to allow their settlements to keep growing, as in Geoffrey Westa€™s formulation. A study in Panama showed what happened when people abandoned slash-and-burn agriculture to move to town: a€?With people gone, secondary forest has regenerated. Though the squatters join forces for what the UN researchers describe as a€?cultural movements and levels of solidarity unknown in leafy suburbs,a€? they are seldom politically active beyond defending their own community interests. A depiction of contemporary slum reality even more vivid than Neuwirtha€™s is an autobiographical novel by an escaped Australian prisoner who went into hiding in Mumbaia€™s slums, joined its organized crime world, and fell in love with the city.
Social cohesiveness is the crucial factor differentiating a€?slums of hopea€? from a€?slums of despair.a€? This is where CBOs (community-based organizations) and the NGOs (national and global nongovernmental organizations) shine. For the first time in her life she had got rid of her husband, her in-laws, her village and their burdens.
Shimu prefers living in Dhaka because a€?it is safer, and here I can earn a living, live and think my own way,a€? she says. The magic ingredient of squatter cities is that they are improved steadily and gradually, increment by increment, by the people living there. According to urban researchers, squatters are now the predominant builders of cities in the world.
A reporter from the Economist who visited Mumbai wrote that a€?Dharavi, which is allegedly Asiaa€™s biggest slum, is vibrantly and triumphantly alive. The screen-printer who provides laundry bags to hotels, the charcoal burner who wheels his cycle up to the copper smelter and delivers sacks of charcoala€¦ , the home-based crA?che to which the managing director delivers her child each morning, the informal builder who adds a security wall around the home of the government minister, all indicate the complex networks of linkages between informal and formal.


In many cities, the roughest slums are pressed right up against the most affluent neighborhoods. This book was finished before the full effects of the world financial crisis of 2009 could be studied. Corporations are right to pay attention to what is now referred to as the BOPa€”bottom of the pyramid. It doesna€™t matter whether you give people title deeds or secure tenure, people simply need to know they wona€™t be evicted. For the first time in her life she had got rid of her husband, her in-laws, her village and their burdens.A  A few months after she arrived, Shimu, now able to support her children, mustered the courage to return to her town and file for divorce. That bond back to the village appears to be universal.A  The Challenge of Slums observes that a€?Kenyan urban folk who have lived in downtown Nairobi all of their lives, if asked where they come from, will say from Nyeri or Kiambu or Eldoret, even if they have never been to these places.
Margaret Burgess was born and bred in Ayrshire and has lived in the Cunninghame South constituency for 40 years. Philip joined Homes for Scotland in April 2012, assuming direct responsibility for managing the Executive Team, delivering business strategy and meeting the wide-ranging needs of member companies. With a career spanning over 25 years, Philip is well placed to deal with the significant challenges facing the home building industry as it strives to recover from the economic downturn. In addition to addressing these and the myriad of other issues impacting the industry, Philip has a strong customer focus having most recently been involved in the development of specialist research and feedback tools to provide builders with vital buyer insight through his own consultancy.
Susan Torrance is Chief Executive of the Highland Housing Alliance the company which project managed the build of the Expo in Inverness in 2010. Previously she has worked for Tullochs heading up their affordable housing division, been Managing Director of Albyn Housing Society Ltd and in the late 80’s, worked for the Housing Corporation in London. Dr Mohammed Salah-Eldin Imbabi, BSc (Honours), MSc, PhD is a scientist, professional engineer and innovator in the diverse fields of civil engineering, low energy building engineering, energy efficiency and renewable energy. Ian Williams is Chairman of Campbell Dallas LLP, head of renewables, a member of the firm’s tax consultancy group and corporate finance group. Steven Tolson is a chartered surveyor specialising in property development, regeneration and valuation.
His specific interest lies in the value, benefit and delivery of good urban design and sustainable places.
Elizabeth Leighton is a Senior Policy Officer with WWF Scotland, responsible for WWF’s work on climate change and energy efficiency.
This week in Brazil at the 10th Internet Governance Forum meeting, the Internet Society is calling on the global Internet community to act now to unlock the Internet's full potential as the defining force in shaping the world for the next generation and beyond. But it offers new ways of sharing and analyzing information--new tools for delivering on the SDGs. Access to broadband is far less extensive in developing countries, and especially in LDCs, than it is in developed countries, while the cost of access is much higher.
Users need content that meets local needs, and is available in languages that are used within communities. Governments, Internet businesses, and development stakeholders should work together to stimulate the emergence of local Internet ecosystems that offer people new ways of accessing the information and services they need.
Lack of literacy, like lack of familiarity with global languages, means that the benefits of the Internet are more available to the better-off and better-educated.
Internet users need to feel confident that the information they access is reliable and that their use of the Internet will not be used to harm them.
Countries that are highly urbanized have higher incomes, more stable economies, stronger institutions. She was previously employed as the manager of East Ayrshire Citizens Advice Bureau, she is also an elected board member of the national charity, Citizens Advice Scotland.
These include driving higher loan to value ratio lending back into the mortgage mainstream for those who can sustainably afford such products, gaining public and political understanding on and support for alternative and more effective and cost-efficient ways of achieving low carbon targets, and ensuring that local authorities deliver an effective land supply.


Prior to this he enjoyed ten years as UK Marketing Director with a major national home builder.
The company currently undertakes landbanking and housebuilding for the intermediate market, and has delivered some of the first National Housing Trust homes in Scotland.
She has been a supporter of Homes for Scotland and a strong voice for house building in Scotland since its foundation. Major sponsors of Dr Imbabi’s research include the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), Scottish Executive and the Carbon Trust. He is a Director of Ogilvie Group Developments and RICS Scotland, a visiting lecturer at a number of Scottish Universities and a chapter author of Urban Design in the Real Estate Development Process. As a former senior BBC correspondent he understands the importance of balance and neutrality.
Not just access, but affordable and reliable access to sufficient bandwidth to meet their needs.
The digital divide is not just between countries, but also within countries--people who live in rural areas are less likely to have access, or be able to afford it, than those in urban areas. One important way in which that can be done is by establishing Internet Exchange Points (IXPs), which allow the exchange of Internet traffic within each country--cutting costs and improving quality of service. Relevant content can include government services and commercial content, as well as content generated by family, friends, neighbors, and other users that preserves and helps share local, oral traditions. If the Internet is to benefit all and to reduce inequality, two things are crucial: more needs to be done to build people's skills, and more needs to be done to offer devices and platforms that are accessible to those with fewer skills. Internet stakeholders need to work together to build that confidence, for example, by supporting the development of trusted information platforms and securing users' personal data.
The Internet has great potential to support achievement of the SDGs and improve the quality of people's lives. Prahalada€™s The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid: Eradicating Poverty Through Profits (2005).
Her personal interests include walking in the countryside and reading.Margaret is a member of the Standards, Procedures and Public Appointments Committee and the Welfare Reform Committee. She helped establish the Existing Homes Alliance Scotland in 2010, a coalition of consumer, anti-poverty, social housing, industry and environment groups calling for action to make Scotland’s homes fit for the 21st century. John Morrison is the owner of Morrison Media Strategies a leading PR, Public Affairs and Media Training company. These digital divides need to be overcome if we are to maximize the Internet's value for development.
She is also a member of the following Cross-Party Groups: Credit Unions, Diabetes, Housing, Volunteering and the Voluntary Sector. Dr Imbabi is the author of more than 80 peer-reviewed scientific papers and sits on the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment, published by Elsevier. She recently completed a Churchill Memorial Trust Travelling Fellowship to the US where she visited award winning home energy efficiency programmes in the United States. The Internet Society and the Internet community are committed to working with development stakeholders to fulfill that potential. Previously Elizabeth managed Scotland’s Global Footprint Project, which worked with local authorities to measure and reduce the carbon impact of their policies and programmes. She also managed the Wild Rivers Project, which helped prepare stakeholders for the implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive, and represented WWF UK on the WWF Arctic Programme. Prior to joining WWF, Elizabeth worked for the US Foreign Service, with postings in Moscow, Sofia, London and Edinburgh, along with a stint in Alaska developing the Arctic Council.



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