Ikea��s global marketing strategy 2011,free video tutorial software download,music video production companies in memphis - Plans On 2016

08.10.2015
If retailers are to succeed in an overseas market, they must not only master the traditional skills of market segment cultural and economic traditions of the host country.
Ikea Svenska AB, founded in 1943 is the world's largest furniture retailer which specializes in stylish but inexpensive Scandinavian designed furniture. Ikea's mission is to offer a wide range of home furnishing items of good design and function, excellent quality and durability, at prices so low that the majority of people can afford to buy them (IKEA 1994). Ikea's success is based on the relatively simple idea of keeping the cost between manufacturers and customers down. Effective marketing through catalogues usually attracts the customer at first, what keeps customers coming back is good service. Ikea places great emphasis on Porters three generic strategies to improve its competitiveness in the international market place. In order to maintain cost leadership in the market, internal production efficiencies must be greater than that of competitors. In the case of Ikea, a standardized product strategy does not mean complete cultural insensitivity. Michael Porter argues that an organization can enhance its competitive positioning by performing key internal activities in the value chain at a lower cost and better than its competitors (Bartol et al, 1993: 211).
Ikea has modified the value chain approach by integrating the customer in the process and introducing a two-way value system between customers, suppliers, and Ikea's headquarters (refer appendix 3).
Ikea's role in the value chain is to mobilize suppliers and customer to help them further add value to the system. In order to furnish the customer with good quality products at a low cost, the firm must be able to find suppliers that can deliver high quality items at low cost per unit. Michael Porter identifies three long-term strategies on which an organization can build its core-competencies (Bartol et al, 1993: 213). A cost leadership strategy involves placing great emphasis on efficiency in all organizational activities in order to reduce the overall costs of products delivered to customers. The focus strategy outlined by Michael Porter is a mix of the two earlier discussed generic strategies.
As indicated in Ikea's mission statement, the company is in business to produce high quality products at a low cost.
Directly linked to its mission statement, Ikea has built its cost leadership position on these steps.
Ikea's strategy clearly demonstrates that the perception that cost leadership equals poor quality in products and services is incorrect.
From this discussion, it is possible to conclude that Ikea effectively aligns its cost leadership platform, with focus on the needs of its target market segment. Ikea, establishes subsidiaries in stable markets which are identical to the Scandinavian market.
The present organizational structure can be defined as highly functional with a global market strategy. As Ikea continues to expand overseas, the significance of centralized strategic direction will increase.
With all these challenges emerging, it will be very difficult to maintain a global organizational structure. With reference to Ikea's long-term relationship and control over its suppliers in exchange for quality assurance, technology transfers and economies of scale factors may trigger potential suppliers to integrate forward and produce competitive products for Ikea's local competitors. Ikea is a very successful multinational corporation, which indicates that earlier discussed focused generic, or long-term strategy of cost leadership and product differentiation has served it well. In particular, Ikea's insensitivity to individual market needs represents another obstacle to increasing market share. A new organizational structure will be necessary as a result of moving the organization from a global towards a transnational perspective. The changes proposed in the organizational structure will have possible impacts on the corporate culture, which is presently built on the Ikea Spirit.
Together with innovative changes in the value chain, where consumers become Pro-sumers and suppliers are turned into consumers, the concept of marketing high quality products at low cost through a focused generic strategy, intended for the globally emerging middle-class has served Ikea well. In a statement from Ikea headquarters, the company stressed its political and religious independence and has “no wish to be involved in political or religious campaigns”. Lufsig, the toy wolf being part of an Ikea charity initiative, stirred considerable attention in Hong Kong over the week for its profane translation phrase associated with female genitalia.
Chief executive Leung Chun-ying, who has been at the heart of this political scandal after a protestor threw Lufsig at a rally over the weekend, was pictured with the stuffed toy on his blog, but parody images have already started to appear on Facebook.
As the Italian carmaker gears up to flex its muscle across the city, Swire Motors Group hands three auto brands to independent age.. Citi is over 200 years old, an established global financial landmark with a great history but the rules of the game are changing!
ERR took two golds for Best Simulation or Virtual Environment and Best E-learning Project - Private Sector, as well as a collection of silver and bronze trophies for Team of the Year and Best Blended Learning.
Healthcare professionals at the front line are often unsure of their role in improving quality and how to influence change. The Worldmark Academy is a global eLearning initiative, bringing learning and development to employees in Europe, Asia and the Americas. IKEA is a privately held company of Swedish origin that designs and sells ready-to-assemble furniture, appliances and home accessories. Develop a youth platform for our organization, including name, identity, marketing strategy and communication.
It has 128 fully-owned stores in 26 countries, visited by over 108 million people yearly, and worldwide sales of about $5.4 billion in 1994 (IKEA 1994). The company targets the customer who is looking for value and is willing to do a little bit of work serving themselves, transporting the items home and assembling the furniture for a better price. According to Ingvar Kamprad, the founder of Ikea; "To design a desk which may cost $1,000 is easy for a furniture designer, but to design a functional and good desk which shall cost $50 can only be done by the very best. Ikea believes that a strong in-stock position in which the most popular style and design trends are correctly anticipated is crucial to keep satisfied customers. In one example, Ikea, which has been importing the "streamlined and contemporary Scandinavian style" to the United States since 1985, found at least one opportunity to export an American style to Europe, as Europeans are picking up on some American furnishing concepts. The headquarters provides carefully selected suppliers with technical assistance, leased equipment and the necessary skills needed to produce high quality items. Differentiation, as indicated in the modification of the value-chain, also focuses on this particular segment. As a general rule, the firm never enters a new potential market by opening a retail outlet.
The expansion group is active in this field as well, as it provides the same pre-opening activities as in opening firm-owned subsidiaries. With logistics complications and long lead times, Ikea is forced to maintain high control levels over its suppliers (Magrath, 1990: 38). It is highly questionable whether the current centralized design and research development department is able to understand global customer needs and satisfy all of them better than the local competition. Whereas the global organization is designed as to increase production efficiencies using global economies of scale and scope concepts, the transnational organization combines efficiency, local responsiveness and organizational learning (Beamish et al, 1994: 161).
Centralized control and product standardization are two necessary components of the firm's long-term strategy. This year?s news in the soft toys range is inspired by the European fairy tale tradition and the wolf Lufsig is one of those new soft toys.
In exploring how the organisation needed to change, innovate and grow, it was clear that the bank faced the need to change its mindset, ethical decision-making and culture. In this case study, we explore how they did it and what we can learn from them.ERR (Engineering Real Results) are market leaders in vocational education, training over 6,000 students each year in a variety of trade skills.
We have been keeping track of performance and staff engagement throughout the project and have been delighted with the results. Today, over 40,000 aid workers from 190 countries have accessed the DisasterReady.org learning portal to enhance their preparedness for whatever assignment comes next. Quality improvement is now becoming part of the training and on-going assessment for healthcare professionals.
That is the challenge for the NHS Leadership Academy and its Head of Professional Development, Chris Lake.
Faced with rapid growth on three continents, Worldmark needed to improve individual performance and identify future leaders.
But the very system it had in place to deliver such excellence for customer enquiries was leading to delays, falling efficiency and frustrated customers and staff. We can help you compare the outputs of your modernised learning strategy with your peers but perhaps more importantly the benchmark helps you compare your tactics for achieving those outcomes against the top performers.The Towards Maturity Index is the lead indicator at the heart of the Towards Maturity Benchmark Process.
In recent years, trust in the conduct of the major UK public service broadcasters has been eroded by some well-publicised lapses. It provides new recruits with technical training needed for an engineering career across multiple disciplines including maritime, mechanical, aeronautical communication and information systems. To others, it's just the day after Halloween -- a day they forget was once merely All Hallows Eve. In order to respond to this new demand, Ikea now market "American style" furnishings for the European market. Split your life into10-minute units and sacrifice as few as possible to futurities" (Mclvor, Laurance, 1994: 38).
This long-term supplier relationship does not only produce superior products, but also add internal value to the suppliers (Normann et al, 1993: 72). For instance, if the supplier responsible for the screws component to a table cannot deliver on time, the supplier of the table-top has to adapt its production to the new scenario. In addition, the company has facilitated its international expansion through owned subsidiaries and franchises. They are known for providing high quality training, leading to nationally recognised qualifications. This means that increasingly doctors, nurses and other healthcare professionals worldwide will be required to engage with activities and projects that improve healthcare quality and safety which in turn make a real difference to patients. This included office-based staff as well as hospital-based functions encompassing cleaners, caterers, porters, maintenance, engineers and surveyors.
An urgent solution was needed.The existing knowledge portal called Evolution, introduced in 2012, was designed to provide answers in real time, but it was proving difficult to use and had a limited search function.
Trust is critical for Channel 4, because its relationship with viewers directly affects advertising sales revenues.
The team are also embracing how they can maximise the use of technology and new T&D approaches to facilitate learning in a challenging context.
Their services help the abused, the most vulnerable, the forgotten and the neglected children across the UK. Some spend All Hallows recovering from the revelry of the night before, and some are still on the streets in the wee hours of the holy day.
IKEA asked TrendsActive to inform them on trends regarding parents and children for a global innovation project. Ikea also keeps costs down by packing items compactly in flat standardized embalages and stacking as much as possible to reduce storage space during and after distribution in the logistics process (Economist, 1994: 101). Without Ikea's centralized logistics system, this example could lead to severe store shortages, leading to losses in sales. Workers also have to evidence their understanding of how information security is managed within their job roles, to meet Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) requirements. However, there are massive gaps and inconsistencies in standards, training, activity levels and outcomes.
Hesketh’s role included setting up training, management development, commercial training and appraisals across this new organisation.However, with 3,200 staff from 161 NHS organisations, where do you start?
Worldmark International has grown rapidly from a single site UK organisation into a global one with 12 manufacturing sites and six Design Centres.
The information on the site was written by the process team so the language was technical and difficult for front-line staff to relay to customers. Chief Executive David Abraham made awareness and adherence to the Channel 4 Code of Conduct a key priority for all colleagues. Quick tipsIt is higly beneficial for senior members of the training & development dept' to have an active service delivery role. The academy builds blended learning skills, alongside how to consult, build relationships and have challenging conversations. The organisation employs 30,000 people across 40 countries worldwide, and sells toys in more than 150 countries.
Our Case of the Week examines once such alleged citizen on the streets and the unfortunate lesson she learned about differing standards of legal review in a California appellate decision handed down last week.Let's Make a DealAngelique Bongiovanni found herself in the legal system in 2009, charged with possession of methamphetamine in two separate cases. TrendsActive gave a sixty minute lecture on modern parenting and the generation of tomorrow. According to Ikea's logistics manager, "there are a lot of Just-In-Time concepts built into how we're trying to do business" (Chandler, 1993: 12). Secondary activities, on the other hand, are identified as support processes to primary activities.
Ikea has concentrated its international expansion in Europe and in North America mainly through company-owned subsidiaries.
Today, Ikea limits itself to knowledge and values developed in Scandinavia rather than attempt to understand and incorporate international thoughts and dimensions. Analysis by the Royal Academy of Engineering suggests Britain will need more than a million new engineers and technicians by 2020 – which will require double the current number of annual engineering graduates and apprentices.
Many managers are primarily concerned with efficiencies, providing value and reducing costs. Indeed, every enquiry into the NHS, both its failings and its successes, highlights some aspect of leadership.
As a result, customer service representatives (CSR’s) struggled to understand the technical explanations which led to delays and unresolved customer queries.
We have to have the critical capabilities in place to run, transform and drive the company forward. The L&D team also have dedicated research arm, so they can continually scan the horizon for new developments. Their focus has shifted from learning delivery to increased use of learning technologies and embedded performance support. In a deal that would come back to haunt her on the day after Halloween, she made a plea bargain in one of the cases.
Franchising, on the other hand, has been extensively utilized in expanding to other areas of the world (refer appendix 4).
The role of the subsidiaries is not to influence parent company strategies, but rather follow instruction provided from Sweden. Without them, any chance of riding on the coat-tails of an infrastructure-led economic revival appears to be wishful thinking. Clinicians and other healthcare professionals have very little knowledge or expertise in this field which makes quality improvement a complex challenge for healthcare internationally. On top of that, the NHS is under massive pressure to deliver more with less, in ways not previously part of its DNA. The aim of the academy was clear: to retain staff, improve performance in the workplace, change behaviour linked to company values, identify future leaders and provide a consistent approach to management development. This resulted in customers getting frustrated, staff having to make unnecessary call-backs and customers receiving inconsistent information.
Our employees have to be confident, engaged and knowledgeable whilst delivering the personal touch to our customers as the retail landscape evolves and shopping habits change through the latest digital developments. Mattel has created regional centres of excellence for organisation development designed to build OD and L&D capability, facilitate connections and drive change across the international business. The specific idea was to marry informal and formal learning with great learning conversations for social learning.
To facilitate shopping, Ikea provides catalogs, tape measures, shopping lists and pencils for writing notes and measurements. But they needed to get the dynamics right - not just to create a top-down push but a pull to bring about an employee-owned and manager-supported learning culture. It is about relationships between the relief organisations and between these organisations and local operatives. Frontline staff, such as hospital porters or catering managers, and even patients themselves can often have the biggest impact on quality improvement, but have seldom been influential before this innovative approach from the BMJ. The Worldmark Academy has now made rapid inroads in to aligning learning to the needs of employees and to the corporate values and key goals. High levels of calls to the technical support line in 2012 highlighted that a new approach to improving employee’s ongoing product knowledge on the job was desperately needed. The team are focusing on outcomes and impact, not inputs, and are celebrating success as they go. Increasing the number of qualified individuals in the field is tougher than it looks.Many individuals are looking to retrain for the construction industry. The most junior Edward Jenner programme, aimed at those beginning their leadership journey, is free to all users. Ohmae explores this concept in his strategic three C's triangle consisting of the Corporation, Customers and Competitors.
They are often working full time, or have family commitments and needed a training programme that was flexible and accessible. They were eager to create the best possible learning experience for their people and it was this enthusiasm that made them great to work with.
The learning solutionTo address this issue, the BMJ developed a flexible and comprehensive programme to support those undertaking healthcare quality improvement projects – often for the first time. This means that IT teams can quickly spot trends and the issues that people need support with. 1, 2009, Wendy Diaz lived with her husband and three children in a Los Angeles neighborhood with a gang problem. By finding an appropriate partner, Ikea can further expand into other market segments in which the competitor has established itself well.
The centralized Research and development department would have form internal strategic networks with these subsidiaries and, in a collaborative manner, develop products which are adopted to match country level needs. Traditionally, when supporting the implementation of a new initiative the team would have pushed content to staff but this campaign encouraged everyday learning through a series of micro actions embedded into their work.


Project teams are helped to select a project, guided through the process, and encouraged to complete and write up their project.
This article was first published in Training Journal.Registered users can download the case study for free by clicking on the link in the related downloads below.
Today, they tend to turn to Google, YouTube or contact their peers for quick answers rather than plough through detailed instruction manuals. We’re looking at not building these massive, great tanker ships, but building little assets, mini-ships, that we can deploy really quickly and that you can put together in a different format.
Not only from the leaders, the general managers and the functional leads, but also from the existing generalists. Perhaps not unlike Chauncey and Wadsworth fighting over tee times, the proper procedure for shaking martinis, or the best way to train a polo pony, Ms. Learners were taken through real life scenarios provided by staff and asked to make choices, they explored a virtual office to discover the possible dangers and they even had a go at cracking a password!
The need for rapid, on the ground innovation is always a potential stress point in the face of organisational hierarchies. Learning, mentoring and opportunities for collaboration and publication are all combined in the BMJ programme, with over 200 projects completed to date in hospitals and healthcare centres up and down the country, raising the quality of patient care and hospital practice. Like other charities we have been impacted by the recession and by a reduction in government spending. Develop a culture that embraces to be adaptable, a willingness to aquire & learn new skills and continually develop, through formal training or attending conferences, will resource your ability to adapt to changes. For the humanitarian organisation, each environment in which they work is about developing people for growth (their own and locals) but at the same time development for redundancy in that situation. The BMJ Quality Improvement Reports journal aims to publish a high volume of quality improvement reports to help healthcare professionals document and share innovations and excellence in care.
As of today, 2,500 aspirant leaders, managers and clinicians use this programme to bolster their leadership skills.
In addition the very nature of our core business of conducting research has seen massive changes due to technology. Diaz ventured outside at approximately 1:00 in the morning of All Hallows to look for a friend parking on the street. It was critical to shift to new learning principles, principles, and pivot our role as Learning professionals. This ensured that people knew that it was coming, and explained why the eLearning and the audit were important to CRI. An email campaign, together with banners on the CRI intranet, helped to push these messages.
The DisasterReady.org portal has not only provided an opportunity for speed and scale but also for assurance of quality through the use of accreditation, badges and the other tools available through technology.
An estimate and quote applicationThe resultsResearch with individuals after they completed the programme showed that 98% of the students who achieved their qualification using this method secured employment within 6 weeks of qualifying. Delivering and supporting learning that is applied consistently at the territory level to busy professionals is essential for our continued success. Staff commented in feedback that they really liked the way the course felt like it was targeted at them.
Increasingly those communities are becoming self-sustaining communities of practice supporting workers in the difficult field conditions of tented communities and relief camps. They appreciated the pictures of CRI posters and branded mugs in the eLearning scenes and said they could recognise real life scenarios from experience. Volunteers, often from outside the direct humanitarian field, provide material to fill gaps in the provision. The communication language is currently mostly English but materials are now also becoming available in French and Arabic. A steady campaign before the course was even created, with visual teasers, helped to raise awareness of why the learning was important – not just for the organisation but for all staff and service users. Bongiovanni approached her and called her an [expletive deleted] snitcher, adding, "You been [expletive deleted] snitching.""You and your family are coming down," Ms. Bongiovanni stated allegedly, as she is said to have added for emphasis, "You [expletive deleted] rata," and "[expletive deleted] all biccicletas."To assist our readers in appreciating the full flavor of Ms. Disaster response needs workers who have technical and soft skills, are emotionally well prepared and responsive to situations they find. Again, designed and delivered in partnership with the KPMG-led consortium and the NHS Leadership Academy, the programme has unique elements designed to ensure its powerful development is landed and integrated across the health and care. Bongiovanni's supposed soliloquy, we should note that each deleted expletive is a version of the same slang word referring to an act of sexual intimacy. It is important that workers have the means to share, seek advice and support one another regardless of their affiliations. In addition to four face-to-face highly experiential residentials and seven challenging learning set meetings, there’s also a state of the art virtual campus. In addition, "rata" can refer to a Soviet fighter plane from the 1930s, plants from the Metrosideros genus in New Zealand, or rat in Spanish. Traditionally this has been a challenge, but for example using webinar speakers from a range of client organisations, making the content available to everyone, is breaking down those barriers and encouraging collaboration and sharing. Performance on the programme is peer-assessed by other participants – and it is real: there is an 8% failure rate! Chris Lake believes a major element to the success of the programmes lays in the decision to co-create with expert partners, including National Voices. 500 pieces of material used voluntarily by 40,000 workers in over 190 countries suggests that in stressful, deadline driven situations people are finding the portal to provide real help. The rigorous procurement process prioritised culture and values as well as capability and cost, considered essential for achieving the quality needed to address NHS challenges.
Bongiovanni, California's Second District Court of Appeal noted biccicletas was also a term Columbus Street gang members used as a sign of disrespect (or "dissing" in gangspeak) when addressing the upstanding citizens of the Vincent Town gang.Ms. The ultimate test is whether the increased leadership skills and the organisational and cultural shifts they are bringing about in relief work are being felt by the ultimate customer – the victim of the disaster. Diaz reported the incident to police the same day and gave law enforcement a description of the woman who threatened her. The initiative is characterised by simple technology to enable its accessibility, ensuring its reliability when needed.
Engagement is an emerging key need, harnessing the technology power of gamification, badges, excellent visuals and the other features it brings.Where next?
A programme participant cannot pass the course without delivering measured service improvement – and it has to be written up.
For most programmes this is posted globally online (on the publicly available NHSX site) to enable others to learn from it.
Ultimately the vision is to move into enhancing the self-preparedness of potential victims. If that weren't enough, police said she also admitted she was a member.Winning 10-2?However, nifty tattoos notwithstanding, Ms.
In the light of the recent terrible events in Nepal, the American Red Cross interest in this in relation to California is of note! This case study has been independently investigated and developed by Towards Maturity. Then again, it was Halloween, and with her friend in that pumpkin costume, she probably got a lot of candy.
Diaz's testimony and police testimony citing various Columbus Street gang activities including murder, assaults, car theft, and narcotics distribution, the jury deadlocked, and it's vote was 10-2 in favor of acquitting Ms.
The court declared a mistrial and thus granted prosecutors' motion to dismiss the charges pursuant to California Penal Code section 1385.So, it was time for Ms. She claimed the whole thing was a case of mistaken identity, and she argued the jury's 10-2 vote in her favor showed she hadn't done anything wrong.Most members of the jury may have believed her, but the judge wasn't buying it. Bongiovanni to the slammer for a probation violation, the opinions of those 10 jurors didn't matter.You see, California probation violation determinations differ from a criminal trial in that the fact-finder in a probation violation hearing is the judge -- not a jury. In addition, where in a criminal trial, the legal standard is proof beyond a reasonable doubt, in a probation violation hearing, the standard is only a preponderance of the evidence. In other words, there can be a fair amount of doubt as to whether you did it, but if the judge weighs the evidence, and there's more evidence indicating guilt rather than innocence, you lose.In Ms.
Bongiovanni's case, the judge noted the cops testified at trial that she was a member of the Columbus Street gang, a Columbus Street member was arrested in connection with the break-in at the Diaz home, and that Ms.
In the minds of 10 of 12 jurors, that wasn't enough to prove anything beyond a reasonable doubt. However, under the preponderance of the evidence standard, that's all the judge needed.In upholding the trial court's decision that Ms Bongiovanni violated her probation, California's Second District Court of Appeal wrote, "Appellant's argument that a jury vote of of 10-2 for acquittal supports her credibility is not persuasive because the fact finder in the probation violation hearing was the trial judge, not the jury. Because probation revocation differs substantially from criminal prosecution and the facts supporting the revocation need only be proved by a preponderance of the evidence, we find substantial evidence to support the trial court's finding that the appellant violated her probation."So, Ms. The moral of this week's Case of the Week: if you're on probation and walking around with a giant pumpkin on All Hallows, study legal standards of review before you go calling someone an [expletive deleted] Soviet fighter plane.
Known as Dave the Dwarf to his legions of little listeners and big fans on Tampa's 93.3 FLZ radio, Mr. Patrick's Day festival, bar mitzvah, or Millard Fillmore Inauguration Day celebration, and Dave would let you engage in the time-honored tradition of dwarf tossing.That's right, you could put little Dave in a harness and toss him to your heart's content.
Among the concerned populace was a public interest organization known as Little People of America, Inc. 28, 2001), that his due process rights were violated because the law failed to properly define those covered by the law, making the law unconstitutionally vague. He argued also that the law violated his equal protection rights because the law treated him differently than others.
Nowhere did the law ban dwarf tossing specifically.Dave the Dwarf argued dwarf tossing was good for his welfare because he made money doing it.
While the regulators may have been out at the beach listening to Jimmy Buffet tunes and drinking margaritas, Dave the Dwarf could have been spending his days flying through the warm Florida breezes.So why is Florida State Rep.
Sara Lee, the makers of Ball Park Franks, and Kraft, the friendly folks bringing you the venerable Oscar Mayer wiener, both claim the other has disparaged its products in violation of federal and state law.Seriously though, we all read Upton Sinclair's The Jungle in school. Thus, everyone thinks hot dogs are comprised of animal parts swept up off the factory floor anyway. Sara Lee claimed non-beef ingredients comprised approximately 20 percent of an Oscar Meyer wiener. Its O-S-C-A-R, and These days, its Ball Park and Hebrew National who are wishing they were an Oscar Mayer wiener. It looks like a rolling phallic sex toy designed to appeal to the prurient interest in violation of the U.S. California.Sara Lee argued that, by making these allegedly false claims in interstate commerce, Kraft violated section 43(a)(1)(B) of the Lanham Act. Section 43(a)(1)(B) prohibits false or misleading advertising or marketing that damages another's product.
Kraft argued the 100 percent beef was accurate because, although Oscar Mayer contained additives, beef was the only meat in Oscar Mayer.
In addition, Kraft argued Sara Lee mislead consumers with taste tests by professional chefs proclaiming that Ball Park was America's best franks.All jokes aside, the Wiener War in Sara Lee Corp.
From going to the slammer for failing to pay taxes on reality winnings to shooting sweet, innocent puppies with arrows, reality TV contestants have often been models of bad behavior. Our Case of the Week examines what happens when a reality show insinuates falsely that a woman tried to smuggle drugs into a jail via her vaginal cavity.Family DayMarlorita Battle was minding her own business visiting her husband, an inmate at the Riverbend Maximum Security Institution in Nashville, Tenn. Battle began what might have been a pleasant visit with her husband and small child, the A&E cameras moved in, and agent Fisher said, "We've identified the female subject and inmate," as a mugshot of Ms.
Battle visited the restroom, causing Agent Fisher to use his supposedly excellent cop skills to determine a crime was in progress.
Not unlike the Keystone Kops, Agent Fisher and his bumbling band of merrymen swung into action."Hold on now, she's going to the bathroom," Agent Fisher says, adding, "Typically, these women hide stuff up their vaginal cavity [sic] and then go to the restroom to take it out. Now we are starting to get to the nitty gritty."The camera then shows the doors to the bathroom, triggering more amazingly astute analysis from Agent Fisherthis time its about the size of Ms. Battle, allegedly carrying something in her hand, proceeded to kiss her husband, A&E provided a crashing cymbal sound to enhance the reality TV drama, and Agent Fisher exclaimed, "Some [expletive deleted] just happened. Battle's husband from the dry cell, Agent Fisher called the incident a "false alarm," but he added more commentary during the closing credits of The Squad: Prison Police that would become significant in subsequent litigation.
This is Courtweek, after allyou know someone's gonna get sued."If you are dirty, if you are smuggling in contraband, drugs, cellphones, tobacco, then we're going to catch you. We might not get you today, maybe next week, next month, next year, but eventually, we're going to catch up with you, and we're gonna get you. District Judge Kevin Sharp wrote:"Even though the Program indicates that a search of Plaintiff revealed no drugs, a jury could conclude from the overall way that the Program is presented that Plaintiff was a drug smuggler who just happened not to get caught on September 12, 2009. His articles have appeared also in The Washington Examiner, Law Technology News, The American Lawyer, The New York Law Journal, The San Francisco Examiner, Corporate Counsel, Texas Lawyer, Florida Lawyer, and Daily Business Review. Would the pungent aromas be trespassing onto your property?Believe it or not, the issue has been litigated, and, in this week's Case of the Week, we learn whether various airborne items--chemical particulate matter, sewage plant smells, and pig farm fumes--are trespassing when they waft onto your property. As we'll discover, the courts disagree as well.Organic AirOluf and Debra Johnson had decided to get back to nature.
They converted their Minnesota conventional family farm into an organic farm, hoping to achieve an organic food certification that would allow them to charge more for their farm fresh products.Soon the Johnsons were ready to enjoy their new organic Eden. Johnson posted signs around the property, letting everyone know that the Johnsons' new tree-hugging Utopia was a chemical-free zone.There was just one problem.
The neighbors hadn't joined the eco-friendly bandwagon.The Johnsons may have embraced Mother Nature, but their next-door neighbor, the Paynesville Farmers Union Cooperative Oil Company, was still spraying away. Pesticides and herbicides drifted onto the Johnsons farm.Seeing the neighboring farm much like a chinchilla sanctuary might view a petrochemical plant as a neighbor, the Johnsons filed complaints in 1998, 2002, 2005, 2007, and 2008.
The Minnesota Department of Agriculture cited Farmers Union four times for violating Minn.Stat. The facts leading to the court battle in Wendinger are every homeowner's worst nightmare.The Wendingers and the Forsts had been neighbors for years.
In a design sure to make anyone nauseous, liquid pig waste was stored in an outdoor concrete lagoon. The pig poo was then pumped and spread on the fields each fall.As the scents from farmyard feces filled the ambient air, the Wendingers began to complain. The Minnesota Court of Appeals affirmed, holding that the Wendingers' claim was one for nuisance--not trespass--because the odors of which the Wendingers complained interfered with the use and enjoyment of their land, not with their exclusive possession of it.The trial court in Johnson used the Wendinger decision for the proposition that particulate matter traveling from one property to another could not constitute trespass.
Basically, the court held pesticides are not pig fumes."Unlike the plaintiffs in Wendinger, the Johnsons do not claim trespass based on transient odors. However, there are millions more who would rather spend a weekend in an Iranian torture chamber than listen to Ms. Costner's character had made a major contribution in the field of celebrity personal protection by serving as a U.S.
Skokos, a security consultant for Celine Dion, applied to the United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) for an EB-1 visa, and DHS rejected him. Apparently, DHS didnt think protecting the vocal cords that brought Beauty and the Beast to warm the hearts of little children was important enough.To see what an affront this might be to Ms. District Court for the District of Nevada agreed with DHS, holding for the government and rejecting an appeal filed by Mr. Skokos.In the legal equivalent of running the Titanic into an icebergwhile listening to Celine Dion sing about it as Leo and Kate flail in the frigid waters of the North Atlantic, Mr. Dion constituted an original contribution of major significance to the field of bodyguarding.
In addition, the court held he failed to establish that he was paid more than most celebrity bodyguards.The court noted Mr.
Skokos claimed he was far more than a bodyguard--he supervised guards, made security arrangements in the exotic destinations where Ms.
Dion shot her mesmerizingly dramatic videos, and provided around-the-clock protection for Ms. Nevertheless, the court was unmoved that protecting the valuable Canadian export was sufficiently significant to get a visa.The court noted the high standard for granting an EB-1 visa, citing the case of Kazarian v. USCIS, where a physicist who had published articles, written a textbook, and lectured extensively didnt even qualify for an EB-1 visa because his work--although satisfying the criterion for authorship of scholarly articles--did not establish that his work was of major significance in the field of physics.But, is writing scholarly articles and lecturing on physics at universities really as important as ensuring the gaffer and the best boy don't snag Celine Dion's Perrier from the buffet table?Of course, some people have managed to prove they are important and accomplished enough to get an EB-1 visa.
Skokos--he had won multiple championships, earned over a million dollars in prize money, and he had Jack Nicklaus, Lee Trevino, and Hale Irwin execute affidavits supporting his position.If only Mr.
He berates participants, calls them names, and generally makes people wonder if his momma taught him any manners. But, one did, leaving us with the question: Does Simon Cowell's boorish behavior on American Idol violate Title VII of the Civil Rights of 1964?Effeminate Idol?In what some take as evidence of the decline of Western civilization, American Idol, the American spin-off of the British program, Pop Idol, has become one of the most successful shows on television. Contestants participate in singing competitions to win recording contracts, and the winners, including singers Kelly Clarkson and Carrie Underwood, have gone on to fame and fortune.Some of the contestants weren't as talented. These season-opening audition shows feature a few acts that will advance in the competition and a few acts that will come close.
These contestants--possessing little or no talent--apparently appear to provide comedic material by making fools of themselves. Apparently, Ian Bernardo was one of these comedic contestants for the 2006-2007 season.Not surprisingly, Mr. Bernardo--who described himself as "having a non-conforming appearance based on gender stereotype," which a U.S.
District Court interpreted to mean that "he appears to conform to a stereotype of an effeminate homosexual male"--did make subsequent appearances on the show for the 2006-2007 season finale and for Simon Cowell's final appearance on the show in May 2010.The Courthouse AuditionClaiming he was an employee of American Idol Productions Inc.
Bernardo claimed also that he was subject to discrimination and harassment due to his sex on each of his appearances. He claimed American Idol Productions employees told him to "gay it up" and that producers conditioned his appearance on Mr. Bernardo's willingness to be "outrageous, flamboyant, and really gay."Claiming he was also subject to epithets such as "fag" and "homo," Mr. He obtained a right to sue letter from the EEOC and sued American Idol Productions for violations of Title VII of the federal Civil Rights Act of 1964 and New York State law.American Idol Productions moved to dismiss the case, making several arguments.
Although the court conceded that--if true--the conduct at the Simon Cowell farewell show would constitute a hostile work environment, the court rejected Mr. Bernardo's legal argument.Noting Title VII is not a civility code and that discrimination on the basis of homosexuality is not prohibited under Title VII, the court held Mr. Bernardo had not established that gender stereotyping, which is prohibited by Title VII, had so permeated the workplace so as to create a hostile work environment.The court went on to dismiss all Mr. Bernardo's claims, noting, "He, like everyone else with a modicum of talent (or less) who auditions for American Idol, chose to appear on a program that was famous for its judges' insulting behavior.


Benardo went on the air after being told what was expected of him, and he knew what to expect. Some cases may seem easy, but what if youre injured after being chased down a supermarket aisle by a charging dog owned by a store employee? Outlaw then heard the terrifying sound of dog claws on Penny Pinchers' floors as the possibly ferocious beast came charging down the aisle.
Outlaw, who said she was extremely afraid of dogs, decided it was time for drastic evasive maneuvers.She ran down the aisle, made a turn, and sought refuge from her brutal foe.
Outlaw exacerbated a previously existing hip injury, and decided to sue Penny Pinchers and Cindy Scott, the store manager who owned the attack dog.A Mississippi state court jury found for Ms. Scott kept Sophie behind the counter--not to protect customers, but so that no one would step on the little thing. Outlaw jumped on top of a freezer in mortal fear of a tiny weiner dog puppy.Given this fact pattern, Penny Pincher and Ms. Outlaw: Did the presence of the four-month-old Dachshund puppy create an unreasonably dangerous condition at Penny Pinchers that day?The court noted that the Mississippi Supreme Court had held that dogs are not dangerous per se. Darnell, the court went on to hold that a premises does not have to be completely safe from any hazardonly reasonable safeand that the plaintiffs own actions can be a factor."We acknowledge Outlaw's extreme fear of dogs.
The law of defamation can be complex, but a New York state court recently tried to sort out this weighty issue: What is a "dirtbag," and is the term defamatory?The issue arose after a man named William Schumacher penned comments that another man, John Acheson, was "the biggest dirtbag" he had ever met in his life. Acheson sued Schumacher before Westchester City Court in what, amusingly, could become a seminal case of black letter law. The court surmised also that Schumacher may have believed Acheson to be "just a tad worse" than the other dirtbags he had known.The point the court was making was that -- in any case -- these statements would all be opinions. The court held it was opinion and threw out the case.)But don't take these court decisions as a license to spew any insult you please. When ESPN posted a photo of daredevil Evel Knievel and his wife with the caption, "Evel Knievel proves you're never too old to be a pimp," the Knievels sued the network for defamation.
There was once a professor who reminded his students that the bubonic plague was all natural. Then they scraped up $12,000, opened an ice cream shop in an old Vermont gas station, and delivered dairy products in a station wagon.
Not only was the company known for its tasty ice cream with imaginative names, Ben & Jerry's became known as a leader in social and environmental activism. The growing company tried to promote world peace, and--from green dairy farms to recycled supplies--Ben & Jerry's made environmental stewardship a focal point of its operations. In 2000, Ben and Jerry sold the company to Unilever.Although they are now very rich dudes, Messrs. Some people didn't think it was natural enough.Dutch chocolateAlthough Amsterdam may be more famous for Rembrandt, the Rijksmuseum, and reefers, some people believe the Netherlands is also famous for Dutch chocolate.
The process produces a light brown, very acidic powder.Dutch-process cocoa, on the other hand, is produced by cocoa nibs with a mild alkali solution to raise the pH and thus, lower the acidity.
This process improves taste, color and solubility, but it also destroys many of the flavonols, which are believed to have health benefits.
Ben & Jerrys agreed to remove the phrase, all natural, from any products containing alkanized cocoa.
The only FDA guidance appears to be a distinction between natural and synthetic in the policy, but that definition in the Federal Register is qualified as meaning something that would not normally be expected to be in food.
Surely, that characterization raises multiple linguistic and philosophical questions, not to mention factual questions," U.S.
It seems he was having a bit of a problem with a beehive.City of McAllen Animal Control Officer Roberto Mata responded to the call, and upon arrival at the scene, Mr. Corpus accompany him to the hive.So the two gentlemen entered Officer Mata's animal control vehicle, equipped with animal protection equipment.
Officer Mata donned protective gear and approached the hive of danger, but he instructed Mr. Then, the swashbuckling hero of animal protection began spraying the bees.Guess what happened next?Shockingly, the bees attacked. Corpus sued the city of McAllen, alleging Officer Mata's negligent operation of his city-owned vehicle cased serious injuries to Mr.
Corpus had a smart lawyer.You see, government entities are usually only liable in civil suits if they waive what lawyers call sovereign immunity, the government's immunity from legal actions. Basically, you can sue the government only if the government says you can sue the government.One of the exceptions to sovereign immunity in Texas is for operation of motor vehicles. Corpus' lawyer could show Officer Mata was operating the animal control truck, then he would have a case under the exception to sovereign immunity.So just what does it take to be operating a motor vehicle?If you asked a bunch of convicted drunk drivers, they would probably tell you Officer Mata was operating the animal control truck. That's because courts have held that, to be guilty of drunk driving, all one must do is sit in the drivers seat with the key in the ignition.Bud or Bees?For instance, in People v. When he pulled up to the drive-up window in his van, he passed out--with his car running--and, giving new meaning to the phrase, "This Bud's for you," he had a can of Budweiser between his legs. Oh yeah, he also had a cooler full of marijuana on the front seat.The legal story from the bad night at the Golden Arches wasn't so bad for Mr.
Both a trial court and an intermediate state appellate court threw out the evidence against him, holding he was not operating his van at the time of the arrest and search.However, the Michigan Supreme Court reversed both courts and held Mr. Wood was operating the motor vehicle even though his van wasn't moving, and he had his foot on the brake. Noting that his van was running and in drive, the state's high court held he was operating the vehicle because he had put the vehicle in motion, was still in control of it, and the vehicle still posed a danger to the public. Corpus was injured when the bees entered the cab of the truck where he happened to be sitting. If you're carrying contraband, don't drive through a small Southern town at 4:03 in the morning in an old Buick with a busted headlight. Little had approximately 10 tree air fresheners hanging from the rear-view mirror.Before we get to those pesky air fresheners, please allow us to defend the good people of Charlotte, North Carolina. You're a fine city with an economy built on good barbecue and Bank of America overdraft fees, and--unlike Office Kallfetz--we don't think you're a bunch of druggies.
Little moved to suppress the evidence, arguing the search was illegal, but a trial court denied the motion, holding that the stop and the search were lawful.
Little appealed.Air Freshener JurisprudenceIn his appeal to the North Carolina Court of Appeals, the Tar Heel State's intermediate appellate court, Mr.
Little that the search was improper because the cornucopia of air fresheners did not provide reasonable suspicion for extending the stop until Rambo arrived.Unfortunately for Mr. Hernandez, the North Carolina Court of Appeals held a stop was proper when it was based, at least in part, on Christmas tree air fresheners.In Hernandez, Trooper Jonathan Whitley of the North Carolina Highway Patrol stopped a vehicle when driver Jose Hernandez removed his seatbelt while still operating his vehicle. Hernandez's undoing."I noticed there were several of these Christmas trees, air fresheners in the vehicle. I noticed a strong odor coming from the vehicle," Trooper Whitley testified in defending his actions.Christmas tree air fresheners as a basis for detaining a motorists?
Watts, the Massachusetts Appeals Court held reasonable suspicion could be based, in part, on the presence of fabric softener drier sheets.The federal courts have joined this attack on pleasant aromas as well. West, the Tenth Circuit proclaimed, "The Tenth Circuit has consistently held that the scent of air freshener is properly considered as a factor in the probable cause analysis, and in the Eleventh Circuit held in United States v. Edmonds, the Third Circuit upheld a trial court's refusal to believe a drug mule was a mere unsuspecting courier.
And let's not even get started with deciphering the cryptic hieroglyphics known as the cable bill.But what if your employer hoisted a sign informing customers there would be a two-dollar charge for your services? Until American went and messed up things, most skycaps earned most of their earnings from tips.As the airline industry faced significant financial problems, airlines began charging for many services that had been free.
This a la carte fee system affected everything from headphones to handbags.Want to watch the in-flight movie? When a federal law preempts a state law on an issue, the federal statute has sole jurisdiction, and the state statute is preempted and nullified for purposes of that dispute.The District Court held for American on several grounds, but held for the skycaps on the preemption argument. Thus, the claims under the Massachusetts tips law and for tortious interference were tried to a jury.Big TippersIt turned out the jury was a bunch of big tippers. The jury found for the skycaps in April 2008 and awarded damages in the amount of $2.00 to each skycap for every bag handled between Sept. 2005 and the verdict.Thus, the jury awarded the nine prevailing plaintiff skycaps approximately $333,000 in damages plus interest and attorney fees. Louis airport did not get to share in the bounty because--as a citizen of Missouri--he was not covered by the Massachusetts tip law.But, our story is not over.
Circuit Court of Appeals handed down a decision bound to make Parisian tourists do a happy dance.The First Circuit reversed the district court and ruled for American in DiFiore v. Edgar Hoover and the FBI out of our mothers underwear drawers, and seizure-hungry sheriffs out of our Chevys.Yet, as with anything, the Fourth Amendment is not absolute. Thus, if police have probable cause for a search, its not unreasonable, and the Fourth Amendment won't stop it.
For readers who may be unfamiliar with the household appliance known as the bong, it is a water pipe--used by some to smoke marijuana.The speeding Mr.
Smith was attempting to outduel a fellow motorist when police clocked him traveling 67 miles per hour in a 40 mile per hour zone.When police stopped the Smithmoblie, they noticed a bong and an open box of plastic sandwich bags in the car. However, when police misbehave, there is a judicial remedy known as suppression of the evidence. For those who never have time to watch Law and Order, that means the evidence is thrown out because the cops got it illegally.In this case, because the police failed to give Mr. Smith moved to suppress evidence of the search.However, Massachusetts prosecutors argued the bong and Baggies sitting in the car in plain sight gave the police all the probable cause they needed to search the carMiranda or not. In essence, the Commonwealth argued, it was the probable cause supplied by the bong and Baggiesnot the Mirandaless utterances of Mr. Smith that gave police the pot.Both a trial court and the Massachusetts Appeals Court, the commonwealths intermediate appellate court, rejected prosecutors' arguments and threw out the evidence--and thus, the case. Citing Massachusetts case law, the court held that bongs and Baggies--and nothing more--do not give the police probably case for a search.Bong and Baggies LawThe Appeals Court distinguished Mr.
Smith's case from two previous Massachusetts Appeals Court decisions where bongs did lead to probable cause for a search: Commonwealth v.
Unlike in Dolby and Correia, in Smith, there was neither marijuana smoke nor residue present in the bong.The Appeals Court said that distinction was critical.
Garcia, the court held, the observation of two lawful items--the bong and the box of sandwich bags--did not supply probably cause. The court articulated its rationale in Garcia:"The trooper's experience, coupled with his observation of an apparently empty baggie, is not enough to provide probable cause to conduct a warrantless search of the automobile. To allow police officers, experienced in narcotics investigations, to conduct a warrantless search whenever they observe one of the above items, and nothing more, would permit random searches, which are condemned by the Fourth Amendment and the Declaration of Rights," the court said.So, Mr. Dalien in 2000, using saline implants.After a diet and exercise regimen caused her to lose weight, Ms. Dalien noticed some indentation and rippling on what was once her soft and supple upper left bosom.No problem. Jackson went in again, removed the saline implants, and replaced them with gel implants.Turns out there was a problem.
Dalien was not happy with her new gel bosoms, so under the surgical theory of more is more, Dr. Dalien during 2005 and 2006.Blinding BungeeJust before all this happened, and--importantly for our story--unbeknownst to Ms. He retired in October 2006 after unsuccessful surgery.Citing her allegedly unsuccessful surgeries, Ms. Dalien argued negligent medical malpractice in the botched boob job.In her second civil action, Ms. Jackson argued that the nondisclosure of his eye condition did not occur in trade or commerce and that any alleged professional malpractice or negligence was exempt from the CPA.Ms.
Dalien countered that the nondisclosure of the eye condition was, in fact, done in trade or commerce because Dr. Jackson solicited and retained patients by failing to disclose this condition.In siding with Dr.
Jackson, Washington State's Court of Appeals cited the Evergreen State's jurisprudence on cow bone disclosure and the case of Michel v. Mosquera-Lacy.In Michel, Mystie Michel sought treatment from Lucy Mosquera-Lacy, a periodontist employed by Bright Now! Mosquera-Lacy ran out of human bone, she finished the job with cow bone.Although the dentist claimed she merely finished up with cow bone--and that cow constituted no more than 10 percent of the graft--Ms.
Michel said she now had a McImplant with the doctor having implanted a cow bone in her mouth.Whatever damages or urges to graze on her front lawn Ms.
Michel may have experienced, her case wasn't actionable under the Consumer Protection Act, the Washington Supreme Court held, because the use of cow bone was not an entrepreneurial activity in trade or commerce."Michael failed to show that Dr. This is not actionable under the CPA," the court said.Bovine Bones and BungeesFollowing the Washington Supreme Court's holding in Michel, the Washington Court of Appeals held in Dalien v.
Jackson's nondisclosure of his eye condition was also an activity that fell outside the scope of Washington's Consumer Protection Act. Thus, the court declined to certify her class action, and it affirmed a trial court's dismissal of her case."As in Michel, Dalien has failed to show that Dr.
Jackson represented that he had better vision than his competitors or somehow relied on his vision to promote his business," Judge Russell Hartman wrote for the court.However, the court didn't say Ms.
Jackson's eye injury may have affected his ability to examine, diagnose, treat, or care for his patients, that question is actionable under the negligence theory, which Dalien is pursuing in her original lawsuit."The lesson of this week's Case of the Week? Buckley Jr., Walter Cronkite, and now Bait Car?As the old Sesame Street song said, it would appear that one of these things just doesn't belong here.
They argue their show is real journalism, and--in an attempt to avoid producing evidence in a California court proceeding--they say their photographers are journalists.
In recognition of this creative legal argument, their case gets to be our Case of the Week.What is a Journalist?The proliferation of new media sources has created a novel question: Just what is a journalist? Must one possess government-issued press credentials, sending shivers down the spines of First Amendment advocates? Perhaps there should be a requirement that at least your Aunt Betsy actually read what you write?This question has taken on real legal significance as the U.S. These laws attempt to protect reporters and their confidential sources by shielding confidential information from disclosure to courts and third parties.Although there has been substantial progress, a federal shield law has not yet passed. Old Media world?Many hipsters sipping lattes at Starbucks like to bash so-called Old Media. As they iPad away their afternoons, bowing before the altar of New Media, they mock institutions such as The Wall Street Journal as the old media of their grandparents, and--bless their little black turtlenecks and Birkenstocks--they weren't fooled by Rupert Murdoch's purchase of Myspace. Silly, Rupert, New Media is for hip kids.But, the beautiful world of blogging Brown alumni opining on global warming and Maya Angelous contributions to literature while their conservative brethren blog on banks and hedge funds may be in for a shock to its modern sensibilities. There may be unwanted guests at this post-modern, online clambake, and it may be a sign of things to come.Bait Car as New MediaThe folks at truTV, that network of cop shows that used to be Court TV, have come up with a new show called, Bait Car.
In Bait Car, the producers work with local police to place an unlocked car with keys in the ignition out on the street. Get it, bait, car?Many unsuspecting citizens, including Joseph Bullard, took the bait.Or did he?In the case of People v.
Bullard argued that he was merely being a good citizen, moving the Bait Car out of its illegal parking spot.He also argued selective prosecution. Bullard, a gentleman who enjoys cross-dressing, argued it was no coincidence that the unholy trinity of producers, police, and prosecutors arranged for the Bait Car to be placed outside Divas, a well-known, somewhat risque San Francisco transgendered club. Bullard's Good Samaritan claim, his legal counsel wanted to see the tapes of the filming from KKI Productions, the producers of the San Francisco episodes of Bait Car.
Not unlike Judge John Sirica sending an order to the Nixon White House, Judge Gerardo Sandoval ordered KKI to turn over the tapes.Not so fast, said KKI. Arguing that Bait Car was journalism and that the intrepid Bait Car photographers were, in fact, journalists and so under California's reporters shield law, KKI refused.Judge Sandoval wasn't buying it. Bullard's "I was only helping by moving the car" argument, but prosecutors dropped the charges against Mr. You can't cooperate with one side and not the other," said Lucy Dalglish, Executive Director of the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press."You can make a very strong argument that the cooperation with one side is a waiver of the privilege," Ms. Bullard does not decide the law on the contentious issue of who gets to be a reporter in the eyes of the law--although it does put Californians on notice that, if youre in cahoots with the cops, you probably don't get to be one, at least for reporters shield purposes.The case also illustrates that the cozy little blogging world at Starbucks and beyond is also in the midst of a culture shift. Combine the two - the theory went - and you would have what one of those MBA-types might call, synergy.Activision and Ms. They also made some money off a game series based on the adventures of skateboarder Tony Hawk.Entering the 21st Century, one of Activision's biggest games was its Guitar Hero series, which basically allows players to engage in computer-assisted air guitar.
Stefani and her bandmates were not excited about the prospect of having their voices replaced with the manly sounds of Boy George.Ska vs. SuitsCould Activision really use the twisted avatars without No Doubt's permission?No Doubt didn't think so, and the band sued Activision in California state court. About half the states have a statutory right of publicity and others protect the right of publicity as part of their right of privacy laws.There has been a movement to extend the right of publicity beyond death. Thus, the appellate court held, the First Amendment did not excuse Activision's alleged violation of its right to publicity."Nothing in the creative elements of the Band Hero elevates the depictions of No Doubt to something more than conventional, more or less fungible, images of its members that No Doubt should have the right to control and exploit.
Thus, the trial court did not err in denying Activision's motion to strike the right of publicity claim based on Activision's assertion of a First Amendment defense," Judge Thomas Willhite Jr., wrote for the court,The court compared and contrasted Ms. Stefani's avatar with the image in another case involving a Sega videogame and the former lead singer of Dee-Light, Kirby v. IKEA said the wireless charging home furnishings will be available in Europe and North America this April, followed by a global rollout. The announcement girds support for Qi – the leading global wireless charging standard from the Wireless Power Consortium. Best of all, rather than having to plug individual wireless chargers in, these lamps will have the one power lead going into the furniture.
IKEA is also marketing a new wireless charger that may be incorporated into existing IKEA furniture, called the Jyseen. There are now more than 80 Qi-enabled smartphones, 15 models of Qi-enabled cars and countless Qi mobile accessories in the market today. In addition, no material or contents may be reproduced on the world wide web by techniques of mirroring, framing, posting, etc.



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