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19.10.2014
There was a time when kids use to make cartoons and parents would scold them for wasting time and efforts.
If you are wondering how to make a cartoon, then you can take help of some cartoon making software. There are various kinds of cartoon making software available on the web, but most of them are paid or will cost you good money. However, there exist some free cartoon software and websites where you can create a cartoon in few simple steps. So, let’s discuss some cartoon creator tools to make your own cartoon character!
If you wish to make your cartoon, then Movavi video editor is a specific software to begin. This cartoon animation software is specially made for animation lovers which allow creating your own cartoon character where you can design things like hair style, face, dress and almost the entire body. Toondoo is a popular website since it is one of the world’s fastest ways to create cartoons.
Technology is now playing a major role in every field, and carton making is not so far from it.
Thanks for getting time to read my post and good to know that you’re gonna use these cartoon making tools. The complete print edition of each issue of Counseling Today is available to members in flipbook format. When Anne Marie “Nancy” Wheeler and Burt Bertram took over the authorship of The Counselor and the Law: A Guide to Ethical and Legal Practice in 2007, four editions of the title had already been published. Like the profession itself, counseling’s legal and ethical standards are a moving target, an ever-evolving and growing entity. Remaining current as a counselor “requires mindful awareness of the evolution of legal and ethical practices,” write Wheeler and Bertram in the preface of the book’s newly-released seventh edition. Wheeler, an attorney, and Bertram, a professional counselor, have collaborated and co-presented workshops and seminars on legal and ethical issues for counselors at professional events since the 1990s.
What is one main take away you would want a newly-graduated counselor to know about legal issues? A newly-graduated counselor should develop a cadre of “go to” consultants as well as carefully selecting an experienced clinical supervisor.
What is one main take away you would want counselors of all types — from those who work in addictions to school settings — to know? When do you suggest a counselor seek outside help — an attorney or otherwise — in a challenging or troubling situation? Just as we mentioned above in regards to newly-graduated counselors, even seasoned counselors must consult other professionals. Nancy, as an attorney who often advises and works with counselors and mental health practitioners, what is the most common question or dilemma you hear about? The most common question I get is “What do I do with this subpoena that was just served on me?” I’m getting more and more questions related to counselors’ involvement in divorce and custody cases. Technology is changing at such a quick pace that it’s hard for the laws and counseling regulations to keep up.
What would you want readers to know about the updated information in the new (seventh) edition? The world of the professional counselor continues to evolve, whether the setting is private practice, school counseling, agency counseling or myriad other counseling venues. In 2007, after decades of collaborating on seminars involving counseling risk management, we agreed to take over the authorship of this book and give it the voice of a practicing counselor (Burt) as well as that of a practicing health care attorney (Nancy).
Anne Marie “Nancy” Wheeler is an attorney based in Maryland who has extensive experience working with counselors and in the field of mental health. Burt Bertram is a licensed mental health counselor (LMHC) and licensed marriage and family therapist (LMFT) based in Orlando, Florida who specializes in the resolution of relationship issues. John Duggan spends the majority of his workdays talking counselors through the challenges that inevitably confront them in their jobs.
Duggan, a licensed professional counselor (LPC) and licensed clinical professional counselor (LCPC), is just the person to have on the other end of the phone answering questions from ACA members.
Duggan leads a session titled “The Business Side of Counseling” at ACA’s Institute of Leadership Training in July 2015.
Duggan joined ACA this past summer, taking over for Rebecca Daniel-Burke, who retired June 30 after nearly eight years as ACA’s director of professional development. In addition to answering member questions and giving guidance via phone consults, Duggan also produces ACA’s podcasts and webinars.
Duggan says his focus at ACA will always be on helping members with the everyday issues that pop up – the “nuts and bolts” of the counseling profession, as he calls them. He has been in the trenches, so to speak, and knows how the job of being a counselor can be isolating, he says.
Duggan experienced something of an unconventional journey to the counseling profession, but he says the skills he honed along the way are helping him in his new role at ACA.
Duggan started out as a writer and producer in television and radio, including documentary film work.
In his mid-20s, he had an existential crisis, he says, which led him to leave the media industry and study to become a Catholic priest.
It was this advocacy and social justice work that sparked Duggan’s interest in counseling, he says. Soon thereafter, he established a private practice and settled into counseling work, eventually becoming an approved counselor supervisor, an LPC and a national certified counselor. Duggan says he’s always been interested in “helping people tell their own life story.” Whether it’s been through documentary films or his work as a chaplain and professional counselor, his goal has always been to “help people talk about things that are meaningful in their lives,” he says. At ACA, Duggan’s past experience in television and radio lends itself to the production of webinars and podcasts, while his experience in private practice helps him answer member queries and phone calls. He decided to apply for the ACA job last year, after calling to speak with Daniel-Burke about a question concerning private practice. Duggan has scaled his own private practice down but continues to see a handful of clients during evening hours. Learn more about Duggan in the ACA podcast “Counselors in Transition,” which he recorded with Rebecca Daniel-Burke this summer.
Lynn Linde joined ACA headquarters this summer as senior director of the ACA Center for Counseling Practice, Policy and Research. Previously, she was director of clinical experiences at the school counseling program at Loyola University Maryland. As counselors know, the ethical and legal requirement of the “duty to warn” has been adopted as a standard of care across many helping professions. Unfortunately, the ACA Code of Ethics does not define harm, which could conceivably encompass financial fraud, verbal abuse, sexual seduction or unjustified termination of employment. In general, it appears contradictory, if not hypocritical, to employ animals as co-partners in counseling and therapy while not defending their welfare within the context of counselor-client relationships. Much of our profession’s ethics, such as the core value of autonomy, rests on the formal philosophy of Immanuel Kant. The injunction to recognize and respect the subjectivity of each client argues for the most basic ethical adage, “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.” It also encourages those empathic insights and sense of “fellow-feeling” that are so crucial to the therapeutic alliance.
A similar idea underlies Martin Buber’s distinction between relationships based on the authentic “I-Thou” and the impersonality of “I-It.” That existential perspective has also shaped much of psychotherapy. Unfortunately for animals, Kant did not extend his ethical considerations to non-human beings.
Furthermore, current research in ethology, primatology, comparative neurology and consciousness studies increasingly demonstrates that moral consciousness is a difference of degree rather than kind. The evidence that animals experience pain is growing rapidly as well, even as it still generates considerable debate. Even more directly, the use of non-human beings as adjuncts or co-therapists is acknowledged under labels such as “animal-assisted activities” (AAA) and “animal-assisted therapy” (AAT).
Section D of the ACA Code of Ethics (“Relationships With Other Professionals”) lays out specific obligations counselors have to their professional colleagues. To pose the question directly, how have animals not served as colleagues to the counseling profession? In practice it seems difficult to defend any human counselor who employs non-human adjuncts yet fails to act on behalf of their welfare. Moral considerations aside, it’s self-defeating to ignore the documented and even predictive associations between animal torture and serious psychopathology. Critics may object that an animal-protective policy fails to respect cultural sensitivities. Yet amateur and professional associations of hunters, anglers, circus owners, race course owners, rodeo and bull fight organizers and even pest exterminators have published ethical guidelines meant to minimize pain to creatures that are either used for sport or subject to systematic killing. It must be noted that attention to the welfare of animals does not guarantee empathy for fellow human beings. Thus, extending consideration to animals does not by itself ensure the ethical treatment of people. Considering animal welfare encourages more deliberate and contextual thinking about how counseling clients function within their own web of significant relationships that includes family, occupation, political structures, mental health care delivery systems and the natural environment. What all of this argues for is incorporation of animal-related considerations into any future drafts of the ACA Code of Ethics. To date, I have never had to violate confidentiality on the basis of any client self-disclosing deliberate and malicious harm to animals. Perhaps ACA will eventually recognize this in formal policy terms, having missed the opportunity in the 2014 revision of its ethics code.
Peter Wollheim is a licensed professional counselor in Idaho and the founder of Mental Health Boise. Given that I thought I’d cultivated my listening skills, it was uncharacteristic of me to so abruptly interrupt a patient who felt compelled to plead his court case of a criminal charge in group therapy. As part of a program in a largely forensic mental institution, our clinicians are primarily working with individuals convicted of some offense and admitted under the “guilty except for insanity” (GEI) determination.
Yet to take it out of the forensic arena, most counselors will have any number of client cases in which some form of denial may also play a central role.
While there are multiple types and levels of denial, most are ultimately rooted in avoiding or mitigating responsibility and accountability, generally more along the lines of minimizing or redefining behavior.
In the case of the patient I interrupted, he not only denied the offense (a rape charge), he also denied any transgression in his entire life. Yet we see that same perspective in other forms of rationalization (“Children are resilient; he’ll forget it”), in couples and family disagreements (“It’s always drama with her, so we don’t take her threats of suicide seriously”) and with other situations. Denial of responsibility, which is related to denial of intent, does not necessarily deny behavior, but is more along the lines of shifting blame. There are many other types of denial, of course, including a minimizing form — denial of frequency (“It only happened once”) — and denial of fantasy (“I only fantasize about my girlfriend in a healthy way”).
One important form of denial affects almost all counselors and other clinicians: denial of treatment need. Many counselors in various settings deal with individuals who have been “coerced” into making appointments. Many of the individuals pushed into counseling may feel that the problem is with their partner, their parents or with other relatives or friends. It may be important to explore why denial occurs in our clients, but a key question is whether denial is a deal killer in treatment.
In the world of sex offender treatment, most community-based and residential programs in the United States consider taking responsibility for offenses a key component of treatment. By comparison, no Canadian sex offender programs require full admission of guilt, and one report indicates that only approximately 26 percent of Canadian community-based programs require any offense disclosure at all (McGrath, Cumming, Burchard, Zeoli, & Ellerby, 2010).
For those clinicians who believe that client denial does matter, some point to other contributing factors to denial, including the milieu.
Yet one source of help is when the newer clients in group realize that there are others in the same boat, that they’re not alone and that there is support. Even in smaller situations such as couples counseling, the sharing may be difficult at first. So while we may feel justified in indicating that a patient’s intransigence is a barrier to treatment, are we not responsible on some level for treatment failure if we are not experiencing a response?
In a forensic setting, we’re seeking risk mitigation — simply put, to achieve a goal of returning the patient to the community without that individual committing another offense. I have had patients indicate that their offenses occurred after a break-up or during a rough period in a relationship. Of course, in our setting in a mental institution, there are also contributory situations of a patient going off medication or otherwise decompensating, leading to offense-related behavior. This same approach would be viable in couples counseling, family counseling and other similar forms of counseling. While considering the reasons for denial, and strategies to achieve some outcome, the topic is not without some ethical issues.
In attempts to deal with denial, are there iatrogenic factors present in our demand for disclosure that would constitute maleficence?
Would it be ethical to “treat” someone for something they did not do; or do we treat based upon all the other findings, regardless of the client’s adamant stance?
To the extent possible, clients are informed before confidential information is disclosed and are involved in the disclosure decision-making process. We might want to examine whether our goal is an outcome we can achieve by other means, or whether we are so outraged at the “lies” that we become committed to “breaking” someone. Michael Hubbard is a mental health specialist with the sex offender treatment program at Oregon State Hospital in Salem, Ore.
After three years of work that included 40 conference calls, numerous face-to-face meetings, two meetings at American Counseling Association annual conferences, two town hall meetings and the evaluation of feedback received from more than 100 ACA members, the 2014 ACA Code of Ethics was approved and released at the end of March, replacing the prior ethics code that had been in place since 2005.
The 11 members of the ACA Ethics Revision Task Force, chosen for their backgrounds and expertise in ethics, started the process knowing that every area of the code would need scrutiny. The counseling profession has experienced a substantial amount of growth, development and change in the nine years since the release of the 2005 code, and the Ethics Revision Task Force thought it was important for the 2014 ACA Code of Ethics to address the current professional and societal climate. Task force members pointed to two legal cases that made it clear that not all counselors or counselors-in-training understood the overarching values and expectations of the profession.
In other words, a counselor who wanted to refer a client based solely on personal beliefs might sidestep the issue of discrimination by claiming he or she would not be effective counseling the client, Shaw explains.
The other big change in the 2014 ACA Code of Ethics is the addition of an entire section on the ethical use of technology and social media with clients.


The new section devoted to social media and technology addresses a growing need in the profession, Francis says. In reality, Skype is not compliant with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). Counselors must be aware of these differences for every state in which they have a distance client. But after counselors obtain informed consent and find a secure, HIPAA-compliant method of communication, Wade doesn’t think that distance counseling should differ significantly from face-to-face counseling.
Distance counseling is not for every client or counselor, but in some ways, it can be empowering, Wade says.
Some counseling professionals have demonstrated resistance to new technology, but others have jumped right in, especially when it comes to social media, Wade says. In fact, she notes, counselors have not always looked carefully before leaping into the social media pool, getting caught up in a technological and cultural movement that was not even in its infancy when the 2005 ACA Code of Ethics was released. Social media guidance for today’s counselors is critical, says Goodnough, who notes that if counselors are going to be online, they need to present a professional image. Specifically, the code states that counselors respect the privacy of their clients’ presence on social media unless given consent to view such information.
Wade adds that although Googling a client online is tempting, especially if a counselor feels like the client is holding back, it is still regarded as an invasion of privacy. When both the counselor and client are online, distinguishing boundaries can be tricky, Wade says. As the new code makes clear, counselors who are on Facebook both personally and professionally need to set up distinct, separate profiles for each, Wade emphasizes. For counselors who are new to social media or concerned about privacy on Facebook, Twitter may be a better option, says Wade.
Twitter is a social media platform in which users “tweet” their thoughts — which may or may not include a link to an article, photo or video — in 140 characters or less. If a client asks a counselor to follow him or her on social media, the counselor should sit down and discuss why the client wants to be followed, Wade says.
To respect their clients’ privacy, counselors should not routinely ask them about their social media activity, Wade says. Ethics Revision Task Force member Lynn Linde, a clinical assistant professor in the school counseling program at Loyola University Maryland, is well aware of the dark side of social media — particularly Instagram, a platform that allows users to upload photos and use a number of filters to change a photo’s appearance.
For this reason alone, ethically, school counselors must have a basic understanding of social media so they are aware of the issues students may be facing, Linde emphasizes.
With all the new technologies available, Linde also thinks that counselors need to reconsider one technology that has become old hat — email. Certain types of nonsexual, yet still problematic, counseling relationships are prohibited as well, such as counseling a family member or friend if the counselor will be unable to remain objective, Goodnough says.
Again, however, task force members assert that lack of objectivity should not be confused with the imposition of personal values. The 2014 code has also clarified “duty to inform.” If a client has revealed a diagnosis of a life-threatening disease and the counselor is concerned that a third party may be at risk, the counselor does not have to confirm his or her client’s diagnosis but should check state laws to see if it is legal to inform the third party, Kaplan explains. The task force also discussed whether it was fair to ask counselors who might be struggling financially to offer free or reduced rate counseling, Shaw says. The revised ethics code also attempts to clarify counselors’ responsibilities with mandated clients. Another ethics issue the task force addressed was where client confidentiality starts and where it ends. Educators and researchers will find some significant changes in the area of ethical research as well. The 2014 ACA Code of Ethics requires counselors to use a problem-solving model when confronted with an ethical dilemma, Kaplan says. But the Ethics Revision Task Force members also hope the entirety of the code, including its tone throughout, will guide counselors when they are in doubt.
Concludes Shaw, “If you asked me what the most important change was — technology is going to keep changing, but I think the values issues questions … are really fundamental to who we are as counselors.
American Counseling Association members receive free confidential ethics consultations as a benefit of their membership.
This blog examines the use of data analyses and statistical tools in a framework of statistical thinking to improve quality. Statistical thinking significantly improves the effectiveness of data analyses and statistical tools. This cartoon character creator uses simple technique stop motion for the first-time cartoon makers. Here, some graphic effects can be added to the images to make them look like hand-drawn cartoons. If you have a great creative mind, then make use of this cartoon making software create the impressive cartoons of your choice. Just a click is needed to start making the cartoons, and you don’t need to download any files. Even though this online cartoon maker is a fun source for kids, it is the right place to brainstorm your creative mind to make attractive cartoons. With so many advanced tool and simple to use websites, cartoon creation is now simple, and anyone can do it. Would you like to make a cartoon of yourself or have you tried to make yourself a cartoon? Do you have any experience in creating cartoon characters?
She is one of the active partners in this blog who would like to publish posts on her fascinating topics. It only makes sense that The Counselor and the Law, first published by the American Counseling Association in 1975, needs updating every few years. They have coauthored three editions of The Counselor and the Law: The fifth edition in 2008, sixth in 2012 and seventh in 2015. These consultants might include seasoned counselors, a local health care attorney, the ACA-sponsored Ethics and Risk Management Services, an accountant and a computer technician.
Responsible counselors know that remaining current about legal and ethical issues is just as important as remaining current about new treatment modalities. Are there particular “red flags” or indicators that mean a counselor shouldn’t go it alone?
It’s tempting to try to solve everything on one’s own, but consultation is now the cornerstone of good, ethical counseling practice.
The counselor is often squeezed in the middle between parents who can’t agree on important issues regarding the child. How have you seen the landscape of counseling, and its legal implications, change in the years since?
One of the most important changes that we see involves the issues of confidentiality and privacy.
However, the imperative to serve the clients’ best interests never changes even though the complexities of modern life continue to create new legal and ethical dilemmas.
Because of rapid changes in the privacy landscape, technology, compliance issues regarding reimbursement, and legal developments regarding counselor education between 2012 and 2015, we believed it was time to update the book.
She has managed the American Counseling Association-sponsored insurance program’s risk management helpline for more than two decades; she is also an affiliate faculty member in the Graduate Pastoral Counseling Program of Loyola University Maryland. He also provides professional development and counseling to physicians associated with the Florida Hospital System in Orlando and is an adjunct faculty member in the Graduate Studies in Counseling Program at Rollins College in Winter Park, Florida. From insurance paperwork to licensure issues, questions run the gamut, says Duggan, the American Counseling Association’s manager of professional development. These include questions ranging from when a counselor should refer a client out to another helping professional, to the regulations associated with establishing a private practice. His particular areas of interest include the bipolar spectrum, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), dissociation, spirituality, diversity, and multicultural and LGBTQ issues.
Part of his training involved doing chaplaincy work on college campuses and advocacy work with immigrants and refugees through the Catholic Church.
After earning a master’s degree in theology, he again shifted course and enrolled in the master’s in counseling program at Marymount University in Arlington, Virginia. He worked alongside Daniel-Burke for a few weeks before she retired, recording a couple of podcasts and working in the career center at ACA’s Annual Conference & Expo.
However, when the opportunity presented itself, he came to realize that it was “the next right step” in his career, he says. She has also served on the ACA Ethics Committee, chaired ACA’s School Counseling Task Force and represented ACA at numerous professional events, including a recent Capitol Hill briefing on the importance of school counselors. Her past experience also includes serving as coordinator and director of school counseling programs for the state of Maryland. It probably represents one of the most universal elements of counseling ethics regardless of cultural or national identity. But even more noticeably absent is any explicit duty to warn or protect should a client self-disclose current or future intent to maliciously injure animals or elements of the natural environment. His theories taught that moral agents should be treated as ends in themselves rather than means to an end. You cannot act upon the Golden Rule without a basic recognition that others experience pain in ways similar to, if not identical to, you. In terms of psychopathology, the inability to experience interpersonal empathy often indicates narcissistic, sociopathic and antisocial personality disorders. Like most Enlightenment thinkers, he believed that only humans demonstrate the logical capacity and free will to act as moral agents.
For starters, the standard of full rationality and free will doesn’t entirely fit clients who are dealing with thought disorders, depression, developmental disabilities, schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder, autism spectrum disorders, Alzheimer’s, states of intoxication or, for that matter, childhood and adolescence. An increasing number of studies provide evidence for various dimensions of mental complexity across several species, including schema construction, tool making and use, abstract reasoning, self-consciousness and mathematical abilities. Whatever one’s personal stance on this issue, modern animal-handling techniques recognize the importance of considering such questions in actual practice.
It has long been noted that the simple companionship of domesticated animals helps reduce human stress levels, lowers blood pressure and elevates morale and feelings of well-being.
From the development of behaviorist theories to clinical trials of psychotropic medications, from Harry Harlow’s experiments on social isolation with rhesus monkeys to neurosurgery studies on brain function, animals have been recruited to provide important insights into learning, sociability, substance and process addiction, and the proper use of psychopharmaceuticals. The continuity and emotional bonding of the client-assistive animal relationship obviously depends on the health and longevity of the animal in question.
There are high levels of uncertainty in forecasting client violence, but a growing body of evidence links animal cruelty to antisocial personality disorder, antisocial personality traits, polysubstance abuse and potential for serial homicide. Fans of corridas, for example, prize the “clean kill,” just as ethical hunters advocate the doctrine of “fair chase.” Fly fishers argue for “catch and release,” while the United Kingdom’s Masters of Foxhounds Association insists that quarry be “quickly and humanely dispatched.” If such organizations provide ethical protection for animals, why should the American Counseling Association lag behind? One of the strictest and most comprehensive pieces of governmental legislation in this area was the 1933 law on animal protection, enacted by the top leadership of Nazi Germany. But with the ACA Code of Ethics so firm in its resolve to underscore the universality of human rights and welfare, this historical aberration need not determine the limits of moral discourse.
But the counseling profession, like so many others, generally operates in an urbanized society characterized by an increasing separation of people from nature. At the very least, it urges all counselors and counseling agencies to adopt specific policies within their practices.
But at the very least, the policy does serve as a reminder of the essential “creatureliness” that clients and clinicians share as we engage in treatment together. We see denial and so-called “resistance” in couples counseling, in family counseling and when working with any age and circumstance. Yet I have worked with some clients who engage in denial of facts, especially in the initial sessions. Further, he was more focused on pleading his case with the group members and clinicians than on his treatment. Many sex offenders with whom I have worked will engage in denial of impact or harm (“I only fondled her”), even if they admit to their offense.
In my work, I’m often subjected to a curious phrase regarding date rape: “There we were … and it just happened,” thus jettisoning the fantasizing, the grooming and all the other behaviors that led up to a life-altering result.
An example most of us have heard, particularly in working with children, is “He started it first.” In a more bizarre example, however, I had a client who was talking about a college female who was raped. That fantasy example was voiced by a hypersexual patient who had molested many young boys over the years.
It may be someone with gambling, alcohol or other addictions forced into treatment by families, friends or even a workplace supervisor. These may be teenagers or others with behavioral issues, or a spouse with relationship problems, depression, sexual dysfunction or other presentations. Even among those who admit to some level of treatment need or recognize a problem, many prefer to participate in the multibillion-dollar self-help industry of books and videos. It may seem, for instance, that working with an offender who denies his or her crime is a barrier, but there are many who would disagree with that premise. That would be defined as a disclosure or admission at least approximating police and victim reports, even if the offender minimizes or engages in other forms of denial. While it would seem logical that issues are difficult to address if denied, in the sex offender world at least, data are indicating very little correlation between denial and recidivism.
For instance, in group therapy, it’s reasonable to believe that initial denial would be both common and understandable, particularly with an individual newly introduced to the group. While this is one of the many advantages of group therapy, a step-up approach with motivational interviewing and alliance-building in individual sessions may be required. If it is deemed important, and if there is resistance, might this not be a responsivity issue? Simply put, higher-risk patients receive more intense treatment than those assessed at lower risk. And if we assume that responsibility, is it not our task to continue the search for treatment to which the patient may respond? But can risk mitigation be achieved even if the patient refuses to take responsibility for his offenses?
For example, while not necessarily an excuse for offending, if the patient states that he or she was on methamphetamine or other substances, a risk factor emerges. Regardless of whether one believes that watching pornography is pre-offense behavior, many have indicated that they turned more and more to porn after a break-up or during a period of no sexual activity, and sought other outlets.


Stress and other situations can be explored, patterns noted and, thus, risk factors identified.
In short, we can examine environmental and other issues that trigger emotions, thoughts and consequential behavior in our clients. And where do we stand, and how would we know, if the person indeed did not commit an offense?
Counselors request private information from clients only when it is beneficial to the counseling process. Counselors disclose information only with appropriate consent or with sound legal or ethical justification.
When circumstances require the disclosure of confidential information, only essential information is revealed. It is likely an easier decision when there is no denial of fact, but rather the more often expected “lesser” denials. Two areas in particular stood out, however — the sticky question of counselor personal values and the ethical use of technology and social media with counseling clients.
Therefore, task force members carefully considered feedback from practitioners in the field to ensure the revised ethics code would provide guidance for current practices and challenges in the profession, says Francis, who also coordinates EMU’s counseling training facility and sees clients on a limited basis.
For the first time, specific professional values are delineated at the very beginning of the document. Given the transient and ever-evolving nature of technology, the task force tried to write the guidelines as broadly as possible so that the standards will remain relevant to future applications of technology — even those not dreamed of yet. For example, she says, counselors should already have a crisis plan in place for their regular clients. Because the counselor is less available, the client is encouraged to learn what other resources are available and how to use them.
Make the security settings on your personal Facebook page as high as possible so that you cannot be found accidentally,” Wade suggests. In addition, the counselor should make sure the client understands that social media activity cannot serve as a mode of direct counselor-client communication, she says. If a client mentions specific activity or incidents on social media multiple times, the counselor might want to ask if there is something the client would like to discuss about his or her online activity. Because it is a method of communication that has become ubiquitous, counselors can get lazy about putting the proper safeguards in place. Language has been added that prohibits counselors from having personal virtual relationships with clients, Goodnough notes. Counselors may no longer refer a client because he or she is terminally ill and considering either physician-assisted or self-inflicted suicide.
The revised code says that counselors should make a reasonable effort to engage in pro bono activity, but this can include public speaking, putting free professional information on their websites or volunteering counseling services in the wake of a disaster, Kaplan explains.
As Goodnough points out, these clients may be mandated, but they don’t really give up their autonomy. Under the revised code, the responsibility to protect confidentiality begins even before a counselor takes on a client and continues after the client’s death. So, give a try with this cartoon making software online to create and share professional-looking cartoons. You can also create animations by using this cartoon making software as it allows you to draw sprites and triggers.
The best part of this website is that it allows you to cartoon still life photos which are fun to use. Therefore, with careful thought and planning, counselors in all settings can minimize the risks inherent in their practices.
The widespread use of technology by practicing counselors continues to create new opportunities and new challenges. It has been our great pleasure to create a book that has been so widely embraced by counselor educators, on behalf of students, as well as providing an important resource for practicing professional counselors in all settings. He also has experience in providing pastoral care, managing clinical services in an agency setting and providing crisis services in a hospital setting.
Based on the Hippocratic notion of “first, do no harm” or avoidance of malfeasance, this duty is considered strong enough to override considerations of client confidentiality.
Avoiding exploitative relationships, maintaining confidentiality, providing competent services, avoiding and correcting discriminatory practices, and respecting the rights of research participants all reflect the Kantian emphasis on the intrinsic value of the individual as an ultimately self-defining “who” rather than a “what.” Even the use of the term duty in ethical codes comes directly from Kant. This line of thought was preceded by rationalist philosophers from Aristotle to Descartes, and metaphysicians from Plato to Judeo-Christian theologians who denied that animals possess consciousness or a soul. Yet those whom philosophers ill-advisedly called “marginal human beings” enjoy full respect and protection under the ACA Code of Ethics. Highly social and mutually cooperative animals such as those that congregate in extended families, herds or troops demonstrate empathy, altruism, forgiveness, levels of ethical decision-making and perhaps that most social and moral emotion of all — shame. The increased use of humane slaughter and hunting techniques, championed by Temple Grandin and others, is based on measurable indicators of suffering such as neurochemical stress reactions and learned avoidance of pain. Malicious harm to animals also appears indicative of early childhood trauma, current domestic violence and developmental disabilities. The animals involved in staged gladiatorial contests range from bulls and cocks to dogs, rats, fish and even insects. Almost immediately after coming into power, the Third Reich banned vivisection and tail docking, animal trapping, the killing of wolves and inhumane slaughter practices. To the contrary, it should encourage a greater respect for the variety and multitude of creatures that experience a demonstrable inwardness and subjectivity.
Consider that even in the “Dimensions of Personal Identity” document that used to be offered on the ACA website, relationships with biota were never specified. For example, under my personal “statement of clients’ rights” that each client signs after review, we list the standard reasons for violating confidentiality. It also reminds us that the genuine love that clients and animals often share for each other offers a model for experiencing trust, deep connection, unconditional love, pleasure, play and perhaps even joy. We witness denial in issues of death and dying or with clients and families dealing with serious or terminal illness. I see this often in cases of attempted rape, wherein the prevailing, and mistaken, attitude is often that there is less trauma if there was no penetration. He was engaging in impression management to impart an image of his engaging only in appropriate fantasies. I’ll never do that again.” While they may genuinely believe that, what they’re overlooking is that they may not have examined the circumstances that led to their offenses, their triggers and risk factors and, thus, what interventions to use. It may be someone who had a “dirty” urinalysis at work and was suspended until he or she engaged in some mandatory employee assistance program (EAP) sessions.
Many of these clients feel that they don’t need counseling, or even if they agree to the need, they are embarrassed to be seeking mental health counseling.
Yet is that so very different from those who deny a disease or who think that they can lose weight or otherwise regain some level of health on their own through use of a book or video?
After all, how can one deal with any situation — whether offense-related or not — if the client denies its occurrence?
Some, in fact, would point out that denial is an indicator that the offender is well aware, and ashamed, that the act was inappropriate or deviant, in addition to being illegal. Patient needs, including dynamic risk factors, are addressed as important factors in treatment. Perhaps so if we’re able to work with the patient to discuss all the circumstances and other factors surrounding the offense. Even in cases in which the offense is denied, the patient is often able to see what situations set up as being more risk-related scenarios — and thus their vulnerabilities. This approach relates to a form of mindfulness in which clients can step away and look at external influences, perhaps setting aside blame and personalized issues in the process.
If, in our cases, a denier passes a polygraph, does that carry any weight, notwithstanding admissibility (or not) in court, police reports or other materials? These areas wound up influencing the ethics code in its entirety because task force members decided it was important to infuse the issues throughout the finalized ethics language. Wilbanks involved an EMU student in the school counseling program, Julea Ward, who, during her practicum at the in-house clinic, refused to counsel a client who stated on the intake form that he wanted help with issues relating to a same-sex relationship.
Jennifer Keaton, a counseling student at Augusta State University in Georgia, declared her opposition to counseling members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender community and stated that she was a proponent of reparative therapy. Distance counselors need to understand that they may be subject to the rules and regulations of both their state and the state in which the client is located, emphasizes task force member Mary Hermann, an associate professor and department chair of counselor education at Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond. Distance counseling just requires that counselors become aware of the resources available in the distance client’s location, she says.
Counselors can also sign up with their real names or the names of their practice if they wish to tweet about their areas of counseling expertise. You will have to deal with it.” Unless a counselor checks his or her social media networks every five to 10 minutes, many of the posts or tweets will not be read in real time, which makes timely crisis intervention unlikely, Wade points out. If a counselor does decide to follow a client, it is probably best that the counselor and client review the client’s activity in a session so they can discuss the content and address any potential problems. Linde’s response is that the school itself may have the legal right to access the student’s Facebook page, but, ethically, counselors should always respect their clients’ virtual privacy. Particularly at schools, she says, everyone emails everyone else — counselors to teachers, counselors to parents, counselors to counselors and so on. In addition, the prohibition on counselors having a relationship with a former client has been brought back after an inadvertent omission in the 2005 code, Hermann says. If the client wants to discuss the decision, counselors should check the laws in their state. Even the beginners can use this tool without any trouble as its interface is neat and straightforward. Additionally, if a complaint is brought against the counselor, that careful thought and planning can often mean the difference between a bad outcome and a successful outcome. In this seventh edition of The Counselor and the Law, we have updated every chapter to reflect changes brought by the 2014 ACA Code of Ethics, recent court cases, and new legislation. The American College of Veterinary Anesthesiologists has also considered this matter deeply and issued a list of behavioral and physiological indicators of animal distress. AAA and AAT currently employ a long list of species, including dogs, horses, rabbits, birds, reptiles and fish. Clients would surely suffer from grief reactions due to the sickness, injury or death of individual non-human companions or co-therapists.
Animal hoarding often symptomizes obsessive-compulsive or borderline personality disorders.
The most hotly debated example remains the corridas, or bullfights, that some have branded as sadistic but that proponents defend as central to Spanish and Mexican national identity. And the place of animals in people’s lives was barely touched upon in the CACREP-accredited program from which I graduated. Such a wellspring of healing deserves the protection of ethical principles and professional practices.
And what counselor working in the drug and alcohol, gambling and other addictions field wouldn’t agree that denial is a hallmark in that client population? It’s also the very common default or impulsive defense mechanism among many of us, especially at a young age (“No, I didn’t break that window”). Yet this type of denial isn’t the sole property of those who have engaged in some form of criminal activity. Few of these individuals show up feeling the need for treatment, especially if it was not their choice. The question remains whether an individual who feels confident in self-healing is still engaging in a form of denial.
The answer may rest in what we as clinicians are seeking, both in mining for information helpful in therapy and as an outcome.
Risk mitigation can then be effected on some level by addressing the vulnerabilities through appropriate interventions.
When we consider how very much we detest denial in our society, and yet forgive confession, it behooves us to explore our goal as counselors when denial is a key factor. Ward wanted to refer the case to another counselor-in-training because her religious beliefs held that same-sex relationships were immoral.
After declining to enter remediation, she was removed from the university’s counseling program. If a counselor’s state has legalized physician-assisted suicide, then any discussion is legally covered.
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At the same time, we remained committed to identifying and thoughtfully addressing the timeless legal and ethical challenges associated with the practice of counseling, as well as peeking behind the curtain to anticipate future legal and ethical implications of such changes.
The extent of these associations is so high that many states mandate psychiatric assessment for all individuals charged with violating animal cruelty laws. Yet, ironically, ecotourism opportunities and appeals to travel to unspoiled wilderness areas are sometimes touted in advertisements for ACA annual conference sites. Ultimately, whatever level of denial we experience may be perceived as resistance and a barrier to treatment.
Perhaps so, but with placebo or other effect in place, does it matter if the outcomes are positive? After being informed that referring a client based solely on personal beliefs was unethical, she was offered a remediation program to help her counsel such clients. If the state does not allow physician-assisted suicide, counselors should consult an attorney to see if that ban includes discussing the issue, Kaplan says. Ward requested a formal hearing instead and was dismissed from EMU’s program for violating the ACA Code of Ethics.



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