Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) are often described as instruments that give investors the benefits of diversification at a low cost. It is also important to know that not all ETFs have the same structure and level of complexity.
This Guide aims to help you understand what ETFs are and what you should consider before investing in them.
The objective of an ETF is to track a specific benchmark such as a stock or commodity index or commodity price. ETFs are continually being listed on SGX, covering worldwide equity markets such as Singapore, India, North Asia, ASEAN, United States, Eastern Europe, Latin America and emerging markets, as well as commodities including gold. TIP: Do not assume that all ETFs come with low risks and are intended for long term investing.
Some ETFs may use other more sophisticated instruments like swaps and participatory notes in addition to holding a basket of representative stocks or collateral. However, this exposes the ETF to counterparty risk from the swap counterparty or participatory note issuer. Diversification: Compared to stocks, ETFs on stock indices allow investors to avoid stock-picking by providing exposure to a diversified portfolio of stocks through a single transaction at an affordable price. In the case of long only country indices ETFs, they retain relevant exposure to the country or market. Cost Efficiency: Compared to unit trusts, investing in ETFs is more cost-efficient as investors do not need to incur the typical sales charge of 3% to 5%. Transparency and Flexibility: The process of buying or selling an ETF is transparent and flexible, just like trading stocks listed on the exchange.
Investing for longer than the Intended Tracking Period: Inverse or short ETFs are intended to track the movements of a short index. Market Risk: Investors are exposed to market risk or volatility of the specific benchmark which the ETF tracks.
Counterparty Risk: Where an ETF uses a swap or participatory note structure, investors are exposed to counterparty risk.
Tracking Error: The fund manager of the ETF may not be able to exactly replicate the performance of the specific benchmark due to various fees, investment constraints, timing differences and other factors.
Market Price not reflecting NAV: The NAV of the ETF may itself be different from the market price, which is affected by demand and supply. Foreign Exchange Risk: For ETFs denominated in foreign currencies, investors should be aware that foreign exchange rate fluctuations may affect the returns if they wish to receive their returns in Singapore Dollars. Liquidity Risk: As with all investments, investors should be aware of liquidity risk a€“ the risk arising from difficulty in buying or selling units in an ETF.
As with any other investment product, investors should also take time to understand the product and consider whether it is suitable for them. 3) What level of tracking error is likely to occur and how would this error impact your returns?
4) Does the ETFa€™s structure and risk profile suit your risk appetite and investment time horizon?
Last but not least, if you find that you do not understand the ETF or are not comfortable with its structure and risks, do not invest in it.
This information is provided by the Singapore Management University Sim Kee Boon Institute for Financial Economics and the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) as part of the MoneySENSE national financial education programme. Marquee was first introduced in Internet Explorer and was very popular in the ’90s before W3C ultimately decided to exclude it from the HTML standard element due to usability issues. Each of the values needed in the syntax above, I believe, are quite self-explanatory, or else you can find them sufficiently explained at this documentation.
All right, in the first example we will create the classic movement of the marquee that is having the text move from right to left.
When the marquee direction is set to auto, it will by default move from the right to the left; alternatively you can change this value to left.
Personally I don’t get why the Webkit provided two values that essentially do the same thing since I think that could lead to confusion for some people. Furthermore, I’ve compiled some more examples but they will be overwhelming if they are all explained here. I was first surprised that there is still interest in the marquee, which I thought had met its end. If you have any questions that aren't answered here, please contact us and we'll do our best to help you.
By not properly maintaining your site you expose it to a variety of potential problems, such as increasing the likelihood it’ll be hacked, increasing load speeds, and reducing your search engine rankings. In this post we’re going to explore the most important areas of your site that need to be maintained, as well as our recommended course of action for each.
Automatic backups are going to be the easiest course of action, but it’s important to regularly test your backups to ensure that they’re functioning properly. You have multiple options to choose from when picking a backup system. There are several high-rated WordPress plugins that will help to automate and simplify the entire backup process.


If you’re looking for a free alternative, WordPress offers a few high-quality plugins, which are still great options. If you’re looking for a breakdown of each plugin and their best uses, take a look at this post. No matter which option you choose, it’s essential that you backup your website to multiple different locations.
This extra layer of safety ensures that you’ll never be left without a way to restore your website. When you’re installing these updates, make sure you upgrade the WordPress core, your theme and then any plugins, in that order.
Comment spam usually comes in the form of low-quality comments that are generally posted for no other reason than to build a backlink. However, make sure you really do want to disable comments across your entire site before you run this plugin. Keeping your website healthy means keeping attackers out while ensuring your site is performing at its highest possible level.
Tools like Google Webmaster Tools and Google Analytics will be able to give you comprehensive website metrics, so you know which areas of your site are performing well and which are not.
Common website health problems include excessive site downtime, slow loading pages and broken links. If you’re lucky your web host might even handle website security for you. Taking the time now to have a well-protected website will help you avoid any unnecessary pains from the result of hacking or poor security. If you have a busy site with a lot of traffic and tons of content continually being uploaded, your database could probably use a little love. The easiest way to keep your database clean and up-to-date is to use a WordPress plugin to simplify the entire process. Each plugin boasts high ratings and high downloads, so the plugin(s) you choose is (or are) truly up to you! The best way to stay on top of things is to create a maintenance plan that fits into your schedule.
It can also be worthwhile to stay on top of WordPress updates, including updates for any plugins or themes you might be using.
Tom Ewer is a professional blogger, longtime WordPress enthusiast and the founder of WordCandy.
Disclosure: This page contains external affiliate links that may result in us receiving a comission if you choose to purchase said product. I have to say that the best thing i did for my wordpress based website business was to hire a professional maintenance company to handle my wordpress website on my behalf. The stress of site downtimes far outweighs the costs of these plans, which really are pretty affordable in general from what i’ve seen. Kudos for this article it is indeed a complete guide for WordPress maintenance, a must read for every WordPress user.
Have you decided to self-host a WordPress blog or website but are unsure of which hosting company to use? Our ACS board range gives beginner and intermediate surfers the advantage of a tough, easy board at a budget price. Construction Technique: DURA-TEC surfboards are created using a moulded polyethylene shell filled with polyurethane foam which is found in a regular fibreglass surfboard.
The DURA-TEC board range gives beginner and intermediate surfers the advantage of a tough, easy board at a budget price.
Some ETFs come with more complex structures, and may not invest directly in the assets or components of the indices that the ETFs track. Similar to trading any stock, you can buy and sell ETFs through any stock broker at market price throughout the trading day. As such, ETFs are passively managed by professional fund managers and their expense ratios are lower than those of actively managed unit trusts since they track and do not try to outperform the underlying benchmark. This means that if the index increases in value by 2%, the ETF is intended to increase by 2%, less any fees. This may be because they wish to track the underlying index more efficiently or because it is not possible for the ETF to invest directly in the indexa€™s component stocks. This means that in the event of bankruptcy or insolvency of the counterparty, the ETF may incur losses and the extent of loss will depend on funda€™s exposure to the swap counterparty.
This means that in the event of a bankruptcy or insolvency of the counterparty, the ETF could incur significant losses.
The designated market maker works with the fund manager to create new units or redeem units to meet market demand and bring the market price in line with the NAV of the ETF. In addition, some of the assets of the ETFs may not be denominated in the same currency the ETF is traded in.
Read the a€?Investment Approacha€? and a€?Risksa€? portions of your prospectus for information on the various risks of the specific ETF you intend to invest in. This module is available as part of the Webkit CSS specification and the W3C is currently working on a similar module as well.


So, if you want to dig deeper into how this syntax is going to work you can always refer to the documentation first. Also notice that the overflow-x property has to be set to -webkit-marquee so that the content will always act like one. This is something to explore within cPanel, or by looking over your original hosting agreement to see if regular backups is included in your plan.
For instance, while you could have a regularly scheduled backup that sends your website’s files to DropBox, you could also have local backups on your machine or an external hard drive. Without regularly installing these updates, you run the risk of having code conflicts and elements of your site becoming out-of-date. This leaves your site more open to hackers and it won’t function as efficiently as it could have otherwise. This will help to avoid any plugin and theme conflicts which can take down your entire website. That way if a conflict arises you’ll know which plugin was the culprit and it will be easier to fix. Having anti-spam measures set up will help to prevent a flood of spam comments from ever plaguing your website. Navigate to Plugins > Add New, and search for Akismet, once you’ve located it in the search results click ‘Install Now’. This plugin has been downloaded almost 30 million times, and will now block spam while you sleep. By checking the stats of your website regularly, you’ll be able to avoid problems before they become too big to handle. Monitor your metrics to notice any subtle changes in these areas before they become drastic. The size of your site and overall security precautions will determine your course of action. By maintaining your database you’ll be essentially cleaning out your website’s cobwebs, which will help to improve your loading speeds and reduce the frequency of database errors.
Any of the plugins below will do a variety of tasks to maintain and optimize your database. However, by taking your website maintenance seriously from today, and taking the necessary actions regularly, you’ll be able to avoid serious headaches in the future.
Whether you’re doing the work or outsourcing the work to a professional, make sure that it’s handled on a regular basis. This will help you become aware of any security flaws to watch out for and their respective patches to install. It’s THE perfect board for 50 - 70kg surfers wanting to learn and progress easily, with lots of big surf sensations right from the start. This means that your new surfboard will survive dings and damage that would see a fibreglass board out of the water requiring repairs. Depending on the structure of the ETF, some ETFs are not able to replicate the returns of the underlying asset or index as closely as others, and some ETFs may be exposed to more risks than others.
Others may invest in a representative sample of stocks from the index they are designed to track. The extent of diversification benefits depends on the constituents that make up the fund portfolio.
For some ETFs registered as UCITS III, this loss could be limited to 10% of their total NAV, but for others, this loss could be much larger. As a result, the change in the NAV of the ETF may not exactly follow the price changes of the benchmark. However, since the W3C version is still at the Candidate Recommendation stage, it is not applicable yet. Click the link titled Sign up for an Akismet API key, and follow the steps to obtain your API key.
No more than possibly just an hour per month and you can ensure that your site is healthy and running the latest updates. But the EGG 7 is also a great choice for more experienced surfers looking to ride all kinds of waves, with total confidence in BIC’s DURA-TEC construction. These ETFs are generally not intended for long term investments and are generally not suitable for retail investors who plan to hold them for longer than one day, particularly not in volatile markets. There are also other ETF structures which require posting of collateral by the swap counterparty to mitigate the extent of loss, should the counterparty default. Investors should familiarise themselves with the investment objective in the prospectus to see if the specific ETF they intend to invest in is meant to track indices only on a daily basis.



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