China's Ding Junhui faces Mark Selby in the World Championship final when he bids to become the first Asian player to win snooker's most prestigious title.
The 29-year-old Ding reached his first World Championship final in record style, with a break of 123 completing a decisive 17-11 victory over experienced Scottish cueman Alan McManus at Sheffield's Crucible Theatre in northern England on Saturday. Later in the day, 2014 world champion Selby, the world No 1, prevented an all-Chinese final when he defeated Hong Kong's Marco Fu 17-15.
Ding's seventh century break of the semifinal saw him surpass the previous record of most centuries in a Crucible match (six) held jointly by Selby and Ronnie O'Sullivan. In the modern history of the World Championship, the only two winners from beyond Britain and Ireland are Canada's Cliff Thorburn (1980) and Australia's Neil Robertson (2010). A sign of snooker's increasing popularity in China is that, according to a tweet posted by World Snooker, 27.1 percent of the national television audience in the world's most populous country tuned in to watch his semifinal on CCTV5, an official state broadcaster. These were, in the words of the tweet, "incredible figures!" and an indication of snooker's increasing appeal in Asia.
The defeated McManus had no doubts that Ding could go all the way, saying: "I think there's only one person stopping him and it's himself. Ding has been tipped to become a world champion ever since he won the UK Championship, snooker's second-most important title as an 18-year-old.
The 2013-14 season saw Ding match snooker great Stephen Hendry's record of five ranking titles in a season and he rose to world No 1 in December 2014. However, a severe loss of form saw Ding drop out of the world's top 16 and meant he had to come through qualifying in order to gain a place in the main draw for this year's World Championship. Ding Junhui of China celebrates after beating Scotland's Alan McManus in the semifinal of the Snooker World Championships at the Crucible Theatre in Sheffield, England. He won an NBA championship his first season, went 39-4 as interim coach in place of Steve Kerr to start this season and was part of a team that set the single-season record for wins in the regular season. But when the Los Angeles Lakers came calling, Walton could not turn down the team he began his career with and which he helped win two NBA titles. The Lakers announced Friday night that they had agreed to a contract to hire Walton just five days after firing Byron Scott. Kerr credited Walton for helping to create the culture that allowed Golden State to win 140 games the past two regular seasons, including a record 73 this season. Walton will remain with the Warriors until their playoff run ends, while using some down time to prepare for his new job. LaMarcus Aldridge had 38 points and the San Antonio Spurs dismantled the Oklahoma City Thunder 124-92 on Saturday night, never trailing in Game 1 of the second-round series. As the best pros on the planet battle for the National Hockey League's Stanley Cup, a crop of young Chinese players have their eyes firmly fixed on a more distant prize: the 2022 Winter Olympics. NHL draft pick Song Andong and national under-18 teammate Zhong Wei are part of a new wave of Chinese hockey players being groomed for Beijing in six years time. Last June, the teenaged Song was selected in the sixth round of the 2015 entry draft by the New York Islanders, making him the first Chinese player to be drafted in the history of the NHL. Song, who goes by the nickname Misha, is just one of a talented group of Chinese teenagers who are scattered among high school and junior leagues across North America that the country's hockey leaders hopes will provide the base for a future national team.
The 5-foot-10, 180-pound Song just finished playing as a post graduate student at Phillips Andover Academy in the Massachusetts high school league.
Song captained China at the 2015 International Ice Hockey Federation's Division II B under-18 world championships and could play for China's under-20 team at this year's Division II B world championships.
Like Song, who moved to Canada from China when he was nine, Zhong started playing hockey at a young age in Beijing before moving to North America.
Zhong said he started playing hockey because he liked the speed and physical side of the game. Song, who wasn't ranked among the top 210 North American skaters by the NHL's Central Scouting department, was a surprise pick by the Islanders who are owned by Shanghai-born Charles Wang. Song's selection by the Islanders raised a few eyebrows as he was chosen ahead of a US national team player and some major junior players but he is hoping to show the Islanders that one day he will fit into their organization. Paul Tortorella, varsity hockey coach for Song's Phillips Academy team, said his biggest asset is his skating.
Inspired by NHL draft pick Song Andong and national under-18 star Zhong Wei, a new generation of Chinese hockey players is aiming to represent the nation at the 2022 Winter Olympics in Beijing.
The long-striding Jamaican suggested he might not stop there, leaving open the chance he could extend his career beyond the 2017 season he has said would be his last. Bolt has already swept the 100 and 200m sprints at the last two Olympics and added gold in the 4x100 relays in both Beijing (2008) and London (2012) with his Jamaican team mates. Bolt said he would ramp up his preparations carefully so he can end his Olympic career with a flourish. Bolt said he would run his first race in Cayman, then in Ostrava and then to his coach's June meet in Jamaica before the trials and then on to the Diamond League meeting in London.
As for the legacy he hoped to leave the sport he has dominated for eight years, Bolt spoke about another Hublot spokesman, 75-year-old soccer great Pele.
It's almost 160 years since the first Australian Rules football club was formed, but women will take a significant step forward in the male-dominated sport when a female national league starts next year.
Women have long been involved in Aussie Rules - a dynamic game similar to Ireland's Gaelic football - with half of the sport's fan base made up of females.
Yet the deeply traditional AFL, where two singlet-clad teams of 18 handle and kick a rugby-shaped ball on large, oval fields, has usually focused on men's teams. Last year, the surprisingly high viewership for a televised women's exhibition game caught the attention of administrators, who decided to launch a national women's competition in 2017. It's not the only step into new territory for Aussie Rules, which is also eyeing the Chinese market with Port Adelaide set to play a league game in the Asian country next year. Women's AFL participation rates soared by 46 percent in 2015, while sports-mad Australia has also witnessed a surge in the profile of elite female athletes. Jockey Michelle Payne became the first woman to win Australia's 154-year-old Melbourne Cup, the Diamonds secured their third-straight Netball World Cup, while the Matildas became the first Australian football team to win a knockout game at a World Cup. Australia's women's cricket side was handed a big pay hike, becoming the country's top earners in any female team sport, after making the World Twenty20 final. Australia also has a rich heritage of world-beating women in individual sports like tennis, swimming, cycling and athletics.
The Victoria Women's Football League became the first Aussie Rules competition for females when it was formed in 1981. Interest in the game stretches back at least to 1876, said Hess, citing a girl's comments in a school magazine: "Why can't we have a football team just like the boys do? Today's female players, whose ranks are numbered at about 400,000, now dream of one day turning professional. The Atlanta Hawks had the best regular season in franchise history spoiled by a dismal showing against Cleveland in last year's Eastern Conference final. Paul Millsap had 17 points and eight rebounds as the Hawks advanced to the second round with a 104-92 Game 6 victory over the Boston Celtics on Thursday night. Al Horford and Kent Bazemore each added 15 points for the Hawks, who earned their first playoff series win over Boston since the 1958 Finals.
Coming off a 27-point win in Game 5, the Hawks took advantage of poor shooting by the Celtics on Thursday, building on leads that stretched to as much as 28 points.
The Hawks blew the game open with a 39-point third quarter in which they shot 74 percent from the field.
Isaiah Thomas led Boston with 25 points and 10 assists, but most of that came in the second half during the comeback effort after being bottled up early. Jae Crowder added 15 points for Boston, but it wasn't enough to turn around the second straight game underlined by their inconsistencies.
Crowder fouled out with three minutes to play, but most of the damage was done much earlier. Atlanta Hawks’ Mike Muscala fouls Terry Rozier of the Boston Celtics during Game 6 of their Eastern Conference quarterfinal in Boston on Thursday.
Going for a layup, his leg buckled backward, parallel to the court, when he fell in a freak accident. Now, healthy and reliable, Livingston is making a new name for himself on the NBA's postseason stage. Livingston scored 16 points in each of his three starts during Golden State's 4-1 first-round series win over the Houston Rockets. Livingston has played the most games of his career over the past two seasons, 78 each, and emerged as a trustworthy backup to Curry when he comes off the bench with high energy and aggression. Livingston overcame long medical odds just to get back on the court, and for that he is grateful every time he laces up his shoes for practice or games.
Livingston tore three major ligaments in his knee - the anterior cruciate, posterior cruciate and medial collateral - as well as his lateral meniscus, then required extensive surgery performed by renowned orthopedist Dr. Though the injury could have potentially ended his career at age 21, he still believed he would play again - but first he had to walk again. After all that, the Warriors love watching him contribute in such a meaningful way as they chase a second straight championship.
Livingston's remarkable comeback inspired coach Steve Kerr this season when he was coping with his own trying ordeal, a long leave of absence following complications from two back surgeries. Drafted fourth overall by the Clippers in 2004, Livingstone was hit with plenty of injury hard luck well before the frightening knee blowout and had yet to even play a full NBA season because of injuries.
He has vowed to be aggressive and make things happen at every chance to keep Golden State's record-setting season going.
The Warriors had an NBA-best 24-0 start on the way to a 73-9 record that topped the 1995-96 Chicago Bulls' previous-best finish of 72-10.
The Golden State Warriors have given the Los Angeles Lakers permission to approach assistant coach Luke Walton for their vacant top job. Warriors coach Steve Kerr confirmed on Thursday the reigning NBA champions told Lakers general manager Mitch Kupchak he could meet Walton following Golden State's series win over the Houston Rockets on Wednesday. Walton is a firm favorite with the Lakers having played on two NBA championship teams during nine seasons as a Laker. The 36-year-old filled in for Kerr earlier this season and led the Warriors to a 39-4 record as the Golden State coach recovered from back surgery.
Although the wins were credited to Kerr under NBA rules, Walton is seen as an up-and-coming coaching talent. He is already reported to have turned down an approach from the New York Knicks to be their head coach. Since March 2015, the NBA's Last Two Minute Report has provided a public report card of sorts on everything that happens in the final two minutes of games that were within five points or less. The NBA said it releases the reports in an effort to be transparent and because it would get inquiries from teams and media about certain calls in close games anyway.
But outcomes never change whether calls are right or wrong, so it begs the question - why release the reports at all? The league reviewed 26 events down the stretch of the Miami-Charlotte game on Wednesday, in which the Hornets prevailed 90-88 for a 3-2 series lead.
The NBA did say Lee made "minor contact" with Wade's arm on the Heat guard's shot attempt, but not enough to merit a foul. A review of the reports by Associated Press showed the league has probed 174 events in the final two regulation minutes over 11 close games so far in these playoffs.
Of those, 150 plays (86 percent) were found to have been handled correctly while 24 plays (14 percent) were arguable. Dwyane Wade of the Miami Heat drives against Charlotte Hornets' Courtney Lee during the first half of their quarterfinal game in Miami on Wednesday. He has never seen a Premier League match live or even set foot outside his native country, but 16-year old Zhang Tianbo as become China's most famous fan of Leicester City.
For the last two years Zhang has run the most active Chinese social media account devoted to the Foxes, racking up more than 3,000 posts on Sina Weibo. The teenager happened upon Leicester City by chance in 2013 while picking a Premier League team to run while playing the simulation game FIFA Manager. When Zhang, a fan of Manchester United goalkeeping great Peter Schmeichel, discovered that Schmeichel's son, Kasper, played for the team, "it was love at first sight". Domestic media outlets carried few reports on his favorite team, which left him devoid of information.
The teenager started to translate foreign soccer websites and share the information he was gathering online. The world's second-largest economy is a crucial market for many of soccer's biggest teams, who regularly play offseason friendlies in China. But until now Leicester has had a decidedly muted presence in China, and set up its own verified Weibo account just two weeks ago. Many of Leicester's more longstanding Chinese fans developed their loyalty as students in the Midlands city. Wang Song Aohan, now a 25-year-old communications officer in Beijing, lived just 10 minutes from King Power Stadium and took every opportunity to watch the team play. He has met players and coaches and collected signed jerseys, and while he has supported other teams his relationship with the Foxes is unlike any other. But this season's expected triumph and the hordes of new fans jumping on the bandwagon are a bittersweet phenomenon for Wang Beilin. The 25-year-old, who wants to work in sports management, said she misses the private joy of rooting for the unknown underdog in the world's most populous country. Oshie was pretty sure he scored in overtime to complete a hat-trick and one of the biggest games of his NHL career on Thursday night. Oshie's third goal of the game stood up after video review and the Washington Capitals beat the Pittsburgh Penguins 4-3 in an overtime thriller that was a classic start to the highly anticipated second-round playoff showdown between superstars Alex Ovechkin and Sidney Crosby. Oshie's wraparound just barely crossed the goal line against the right pad of Pittsburgh's Matt Murray 9:33 into overtime. The call on the ice was a goal, and the NHL's situation room said video replay confirmed the puck was completely over the line.
Murray, who made 31 saves but was beaten three times by Oshie and once by Andre Burakovsky, wasn't convinced. To the Penguins, it was an inconclusive end to a fast game played at their usual blistering pace. Ben Lovejoy, Evgeni Malkin and Nick Bonino scored for Pittsburgh, which will try to even the best-of-seven series on Saturday night in Game 2. The spotlight was on opposing captains Ovechkin and Crosby, in their first playoff meeting since 2009. Ovechkin assisted on Oshie's second goal and was denied by Murray on two breakaways, while Crosby was on the ice for three goals against and won 68 percent of his faceoffs. The Capitals won a playoff game in which Holtby allowed more than two goals for the first time since Game 5 against the Boston Bruins in 2012. That started a run of three goals in 90 seconds, which ended with Oshie's breakaway marker off a turnover by Olli Maatta. After Oshie's third-period goal, Bonino scored with 10:18 left to help send the game to overtime.
A game of few chances was decided by a brilliant goal in the dying seconds as Denis Suarez unselfishly squared for substitute Lopez to tap home from close range. Roberto Firmino fired Liverpool's best chance against the post in the second half as Jurgen Klopp's men now need another European comeback at Anfield to reach the final in Basel on May 18.
Sevilla is well-positioned to reach a third consecutive Europa League final as it drew 2-2 away at Shakhtar Donetsk in the other semifinal. Klopp was left frustrated at the manner at which Liverpool conceded late on having been seconds away from a creditable draw that would have given it the upper hand heading into the return leg.
However, Villarreal boss Marcelino claimed his side was more than deserving of the victory.
The 96 Liverpool fans who died at the Hillsborough tragedy 27 years ago were remembered before kickoff days after the biggest inquest in English legal history ruled they were unlawfully killed. Once the action got underway, Liverpool had the first chance when Joe Allen's low shot from Adam Lallana's deflected cross was placed too close to Sergio Asenjo. Former Tottenham Hotspur striker Roberto Soldado had the best chance of the half in the 10th minute but shot wide. Thomas Pina forced Simon Mignolet into a smart save low to his left before a curling effort from Soldado hit the side netting.
Liverpool suffered a blow at halftime when an injured Coutinho was forced off and replaced by Jordan Ibe.
Villarreal was inches away from opening the scoring a minute after the break when Cedric Bakambu's header caromed off the post. However, Liverpool also hit the woodwork at the other end with its best chance of the game 25 minutes from time when Firmino's low shot was brilliantly turned aside by Asenjo. The game suddenly opened up in the final 10 minutes as Mignolet produced a stunning save to prevent Bakambu adding to his nine Europa League goals this season. From the resulting corner Liverpool pounced on an error from Suarez, and Alberto Moreno bore down on goal before firing wildly off target.
Suarez atoned in fine fashion deep into stoppage time as he trapped Bruno's pass to burst through the Liverpool defence before picking out the unmarked Lopez for an easy finish.
In the other semifinal, Vitolo got Sevilla off to a perfect start when he fired between Andrey Pyatov's legs early on.
The Ukrainians turned the game around before halftime on goals by Marlos and Taras Stepanenko. However, Kevin Gameiro's penalty eight minutes from time gives Sevilla a huge advantage ahead of the return at the Sanchez Pizjuan in a week's time. Villarreal’s Adrian is congratulated by teammate Victor Luiz after scoring the winning goal against Liverpool in their UEFA Europa League semifinal firstleg match on Thursday at El Madrigal Stadium in Villarreal, Spain. World No 1 Serena Williams heads to the WTA Madrid Open this week still searching for her first tournament win of the season.
The 21-time Grand Slam champion has limited her schedule to just three tournaments so far this season, missing out in the final of both the Australian Open and Indian Wells before crashing out in the fourth round of the Miami Open last month. Williams has instead been boosting her profile off the court as she starred alongside Beyonce in the pop superstar's visual album this week. Pep Guardiola's Bayern Munich can become the first club to win a fourth consecutive Bundesliga title by beating Borussia Moenchengladbach on Saturday, amidst the distraction of its Champions League semifinal. Bayern holds a seven-point lead and with three games left, a win over Gladbach at Munich's Allianz Arena will confirm a fourth straight German league title, a feat no other team has achieved before. Former international star George Weah on Thursday said he would be a candidate in next year's presidential elections in Liberia - his second bid for the post.
Weah, 49, was a candidate in the 2005 presidential elections, when he was defeated by Ellen Johnson Sirleaf. Tottenham Hotspur midfielder Dele Alli will not play again this season after being handed a three-game ban by the Football Association for violent conduct. The 20-year-old, elected England's Young Player of the Year last weekend, was punished after punching Claudio Yacob in the stomach during Spurs' 1-1 draw with West Bromwich Albion on Monday.
He will miss Spurs' final three Premier League games against Chelsea, Southampton and Newcastle United. The fourth China-Japan-South Korea Professional Pair Go Championship, which has drawn 16 participants from the three countries as well as amateur players from 16 Chinese cities, ended on Thursday in Hefei, Anhui province. The two-day game, attracting the largest number ever of professional players, saw Chinese players Tang Weixing (9 dan) and Yu Zhiying (5 dan) winning the championship, the fourth time China has taken the title.
Wang Runan, president of Chinese Go Chess Association, said he hopes the game can help enhance friendship between the three nations.
Klay Thompson knew Golden State had to come together, that every player needed to raise his game with Stephen Curry sidelined. He sure got things started, scoring 27 points with seven 3-pointers as the Warriors rolled into the second round of the playoffs without their injured superstar, thoroughly embarrassing the Houston Rockets 114-81 on Wednesday night in Game 5. Draymond Green added 15 points, nine rebounds and eight assists for the Warriors, who will face the winner of the Clippers-Trail Blazers series.
Thompson became the first player in NBA history to make at least seven 3s in consecutive playoff games, while Shaun Livingston scored 16 points for his third double-digit performance in three games while starting in Curry's place this series. Curry, in a brown sport coat on the bench while nursing his sprained right knee, emphatically bobbed his head, clapped and bowed to Thompson during starter introductions. Curry even queried the officials during a timeout and gestured with hand signals to celebrate the Warriors' big plays. James Harden scored 25 of Houston's 37 first-half points on the way to 35 points, but the Rockets had no chance with a one-man show against the deep defending champions.
Thompson hit a way-back, Curry-like 3 from 31 feet at the top of the arc with 5:37 left in the third. Curry could only grin, cheer and enjoy every second of seeing his team do so well without him. The NBA's leading scorer is sidelined for at least two weeks with a sprained MCL that happened when he slipped awkwardly on the final play of the first half of Sunday's Game 4.
A day after Kerr was voted NBA Coach of the Year, his team took the first step toward a repeat title by following up its record 73-win season by so confidently handling Houston.
Dwight Howard capped his awful series with eight points on 3-for-13 shooting and 21 rebounds, remaining on the floor long after the rest of the starters were finished. The Los Angeles Lakers received permission from the Warriors to interview top assistant Luke Walton for their coaching vacancy. Golden State coach Steve Kerr said before Game 5 of the Western Conference quarterfinal against Houston that Lakers general manager Mitch Kupchak contacted Warriors GM Bob Myers, who said Walton could interview once the first-round series is done. The 36-year-old Walton, who won two championships during his nine seasons playing for the Lakers, guided defending champion Golden State to a record 24-0 start this season while filling in for Kerr when the coach was on a leave of absence following complications from two back surgeries.
Overall, Walton was 39-4 while Kerr was out, and he finished eighth in Coach of the Year voting. Walton has not wanted to become a distraction during Golden State's quest for a second straight title when it comes to speaking about his coaching future. Draymond Green of the Golden State Warriors flexes his muscles after draining a basket against the Houston Rockets on Wednesday night in Oakland.
Lillard's 3-pointer was his only bucket in the period - but it was enough to get him going. He scored 16 of his 22 points in the fourth quarter, and the Blazers capitalized on the absence of injured Chris Paul and Blake Griffin to beat the Los Angeles Clippers 108-98 in Game 5 of their Western Conference quarterfinal. Maurice Harkless added 19 points and 10 rebounds and Mason Plumlee had 10 points and 15 boards for Portland.
Try as they might, the Clippers could not overcome the double-whammy of losing their two biggest stars.
Portland Trail Blazers guard Damian Lillard shoots as Los Angeles Clippers center Cole Aldrich defends. The Preds hung on until the final horn, emerging triumphant from their first Game 7 and opening a new chapter in franchise history with a 2-1 victory on the road. Rinne made 36 saves while Colin Wilson and Paul Gaustad scored in the first period as the wild-card Predators advanced to the second round of the Stanley Cup playoffs. The Predators handled the pressure splendidly despite the franchise's total inexperience in a winner-take-all Game 7. For the fourth consecutive season, the Ducks blew a 3-2 series lead and lost a Game 7 at home.
Frederik Andersen made 18 saves and Ryan Kesler scored a powerplay goal early in the third period for the Ducks, who outshot Nashville 28-10 over the last 40 minutes. Anaheim was a popular Stanley Cup pick after its incredible second-half surge, but the Ducks couldn't break their cycle of Game 7 collapses over the past four seasons. They've been outscored by a combined 16-8 in seventh games since 2013, including 9-1 in the first periods of those games after Nashville took its 2-0 lead.
Although just four players remain from the 2013 loss to Detroit, in Game 7, Anaheim hasn't even led in a seventh game since 2006 - also the year of the club's last victory in a winner-take-all playoff game.
The New York Islanders know they've yet to see the best of the Tampa Bay Lightning and Vezina Trophy finalist Ben Bishop.
Shane Prince scored twice during a three-goal first period and John Tavares had a goal and an assist on Wednesday night to help the Islanders beat one of the NHL's top goalies 5-3 in Game 1 of their second-round Stanley Cup playoff series.
The defending Eastern Conference champions pulled Bishop midway through the second period after the Isles scored four goals on their first 13 shots - one of them on a knuckler that fluttered through the 6-foot-7 goaltender's legs. Taking up where he left off in helping the Islanders advance beyond the first round for the first time in 23 years, Tavares assisted on Travis Hamonic's goal that erased an early deficit and later scored his sixth postseason goal on a blistering shot from the left circle to give New York a 4-1 lead midway through the second.
Tyson Fury peeled off his T-shirt, pointed to his jelly belly, then turned to Wladimir Klitschko and blurted out: "Shame on you!
It was just one of the many lively moments during Wednesday's expletive-filled media conference at Manchester Arena, featuring two fighters vying to become world heavyweight champion on July 9. The Ukrainian still can't believe his nine-year championship reign ended at the hands of Fury in a unanimous decision in Germany in November.
But Fury, who comes from a bloodline of Gypsy boxers, is a talented fighter who has won all 25 of his professional bouts, 18 by knockout.
Klitschko attended the Champions League match between Manchester City and Real Madrid on Tuesday, and said 80 percent of the people that came up to him wanted him to beat Fury.
Tyson Fury strips off his T-shirt during Wednesday's media conference in Manchester to promote his July 9 world heavyweight title rematch with Wladimir Klitschko.
A growing list of golfers have ruled themselves out of consideration for Rio de Janeiro in August, where golf is returning to the Games after a 112-year absence. South Africans Louis Oosthuizen, Charl Schwartzel and Day's Australian compatriot Adam Scott are among those who have withdrawn in recent weeks. But 28-year-old US PGA champion Day said he can't wait to head to Brazil to have a crack at Olympic glory. Scott faced stinging criticism in Australia for ruling himself out of the Olympics, with swimming legend Dawn Fraser among those taking aim at the golfer. Day said he has sympathy for players who have elected to skip the Olympics, acknowledging that majors were viewed as more important than medals. While Rio remains a distant goal, in the short term Day is concentrating on the challenges ahead at TPC Louisiana this weekend, where the winner will take home $1.26 million and 500 FedEx Cup points. South African journeyman Hennie Otto blasted a stunning nine-under-par 63 to lead the Volvo China Open after the first round on Thursday.
Starting in the very first group on the 10th tee at the Topwin Golf and Country Club in Beijing, the world No 392 was only three under halfway through his round. But he shot two birdies in his first three holes on the front nine and an eagle at the eighth saw him back in just 30 strokes. Otto will be 40 in June and turned professional in 1998 but had to wait a decade for the first of only three European tour wins, the 2008 Italian Open.
Otto was two strokes ahead of Austria's Bernd Wiesberger, who won the French Open last year, with four players tied one shot further back: Finland's Roope Kakko, Paraguayan Fabrizio Zanotti, Peter Hanson of Sweden and Frenchman Gregory Bourdy. Sweden's Rikard Karlberg had a hole-in-one with a seven iron at the 201-yard 16th, winning a Volvo XC90 car for his effort. The Olympic flame was handed to organizers of the Rio de Janeiro Games in Athens on Wednesday, 100 days before the opening ceremony in Brazil. Dressed as a high priestess, actress Katerina Lehou led the brief ceremony at Panathenian Stadium, a horseshoe-shaped marble venue where the first modern Olympics was held in 1896. Lehou, who lit the flame in Ancient Olympia last week, used a torch to light a cauldron inside the stadium. The flame, placed in a lantern, was handed over to Greek Olympic Committee president Spyros Kapralos, who, in turn, passed it to Rio Games organizing head Carlos Nuzman. Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff, who is fighting impeachment over allegations of erroneous budget figures, declined an invitation to the lighting ceremony and start of the torch's six-day journey around Greece. In a highlight of the Greek torch relay, the flame made a symbolic stop Tuesday at a United Nations-run refugee camp in Athens.
After Wednesday's ceremony, the flame will travel to Switzerland, where it will visit the United Nations building in Geneva and the Olympic Museum in Lausanne. Organizers say it will reach most of the vast country's 200 million population, covering 12,000 miles by road and 10,000 miles by air to reach hundreds of cities and towns in a giant effort involving 12,000 torchbearers. Tennis superstar Rafael Nadal is getting a second chance to be Spain's Olympic flag-bearer. Four years ago, Nadal was selected to carry the Spanish flag at the opening ceremony of the London Olympics, but had to pull out of the Games with an injury. On Wednesday, Nadal was unanimously chosen as Spain's flag-bearer for the upcoming Games in Rio de Janeiro. Serbia has fired coach Radovan Curcic, five months after the country's national soccer team failed to qualify for the European Championship. A statement by the country's soccer federation on Wednesday did not name a successor, but Belgrade media have linked Slavoljub Muslin to the position. The head of the British police force accused of covering up failings that led to the death of 96 fans at the Hillsborough soccer stadium in 1989 was suspended on Wednesday as lawmakers called for prosecutions. The suspension of chief constable David Crompton of South Yorkshire Police came a day after an inquest jury concluded that Liverpool fans who died in an overcrowded, fenced-in enclosure at the ground in Sheffield had been unlawfully killed, with police accepting catastrophic mistakes had been made.
The Tigre club in Argentina's first division plans to offer die-hard supporters a chance to implant a microchip in their skin.
Tigre official Ezequiel Rosino said Wednesday that there's nothing invasive about the chip because it doesn't have a tracking device and it carries only basic information about the fan. The governing body of swimming said on Wednesday no action will be taken against France's water polo team for allegedly losing an Olympic qualifier on purpose to get a preferred opponent in the next round.
France lost to Canada 13-5 in a group match at the men's qualifying tournament in Italy earlier this month. Both teams advanced to the quarterfinals, where the four winners would qualify for the Rio de Janeiro Games.
Bayern Munich manager Pep Guardiola conceded his side paid a heavy price for a slow start as Saul Niguez's sensational 11th minute solo effort handed Atletico Madrid a 1-0 win in their Champions League semifinal first leg on Wednesday. The German champion dominated possession but struggled to create chances as Atletico held on for its 33rd shutout of the season to take a huge step towards its second final in three years.
Bayern also lost the first leg of its semifinal in Spain to Real Madrid and Barcelona in the previous two years of Guardiola's tenure. Despite being on the verge of a third German title in as many years in Munich, Guardiola's men must turn the tide if he is to avoid the embarrassment of leaving for Manchester without having conquered Europe. Bayern captain Philipp Lahm also lamented Bayern's inability to score an away goal and was far from happy with the state of Atletico's pitch. By contrast, Atletico was jubilant after 21-year-old Niguez announced his arrival on the European stage with what he described as the "most beautiful and most important goal" of his career. Niguez eased past four Bayern challenges before curling a left-footed shot into the net off the far post. Despite being under pressure for almost the entire second half, Atletico was inches away from doubling its advantage when Fernando Torres rattled a shot off the post 15 minutes from time.
Saul Niguez celebrates with Koke and Antoine Griezmann after scoring for Atletico Madrid during Wednesday's 1-0 Champions League semifinal first leg win over Bayern Munich.
The 21-year-old snaked his way past Bayern Munich's Thiago Alcantara and then skipped away from Xabi Alonso and Juan Bernat before taking on David Alaba and producing a brilliant curled finish that sealed a 1-0 semifinal first leg win.
Saul received his initial soccer education at Real Madrid, but said in a recent interview he was mistreated at Atletico's more illustrious city rivals. He switched to the Atletico academy as a 14-year-old and got his revenge against his former club last season by scoring a spectacular bicycle kick as Atletico thrashed Real 4-0, one of four goals he scored in 14 starts. Saul, who has made 36 starts this campaign, filling in as a defensive midfielder, centerback and on either wing, has impressed at both ends of the pitch.
Meanwhile, Atletico manager Diego Simeone will have to watch his team's remaining La Liga matches from the stands after being handed a three-game ban for allowing a ball to be thrown onto the pitch during last Saturday's 1-0 win over Malaga.
The Spanish Football Federation's competition committee announced the ban on Wednesday and said Simeone would be fined $3,400 and Atletico $1,300. Simeone was sent off at the end of the first half after a ball was thrown on to the pitch from the home side's technical area just as Malaga launched a counter attack.
Simeone said the ball was thrown by one of the ball boys, although replays show the coach appearing to encourage the boy to toss the ball onto the pitch. The New York Islanders have been John Tavares' team from the moment he was the No 1 overall pick in the 2009 NHL draft. After enduring four losing seasons in his first five, the captain has led the Isles to consecutive appearances in the Stanley Cup playoffs, and earlier this week gave the team's rabid fans the signature playoff victory they've been craving for 23 years.
Based on stylistic comparisons such as striations inside body contours and the presentation of horns in twisted perspective, several Paleolithic art experts, including the first curator of the Chauvet Cave, Jean Clottes, have accredited the Portuguese friezes to the early Solutrean of about 20,000 years ago3.
In Portugal, the government did the opposite a€“ plunging ahead with a project destined to destroy the nationa€™s oldest cultural heritage by completing a 300-million-dollar dam whose reservoir will flood a valley packed with dozens of art sites spread over at least 17 kilometers. Yet construction continues - even on holidays - and the water is about to rise another hundred meters.
A male ibex with his head shown in two positions, as if he were turning to watch the female behind him.
As we drove up to a sentry box perched on the lip of a road into the vast, unnatural gashing of mountains at Foz CA?a, it was hard to tell if the young guard blocking us in a crisp red and gray uniform represented a well-heeled security service or an elite military unit - but it was plain that bluff and sweet talk wouldn't get us far. The next time the car eased over the knuckles of a road crisscrossed by up-ended strata, past empty huts built just of stacked slabs, and jostled between overhanging and plunging cliffs until an avalanche of tailings from an old quarry almost blocked the path. Here was one of the places of grandeur where our ancestors had first grasped visions and then concretized them by hewing - and sometimes painting - images into rock panels. As I pushed forward and the river grew shallower, turtles became so numerous that their stacks toppled like circus acts from the brinks of submerged cliffs. As a draftsman, I could feel empathy for the beast flowing into the hands that had etched her. This first frieze stood at a fitting point, practically where the reservoir yielded to the original rapids and long pools of the virgin river.
Far away across the moonscape of rutted ramps, knots of men stood before tunnels as fleets of dump trucks, made so tiny by distance that they only gave away their magnitude by over-sized wheels, eased to the brink of platforms, and added avalanches to tailings.
Above us, the titanium-white cleanliness of the cement plant's towers stood in bold contrast to the devastation, like a phalanx of gigantic chess-rooks bunched for the kill. According to press articles, the dam-builders had recognized him as the true discoverer of Portugal's first reported Paleolithic engravings, at nearby Mazouco, even though the doctoral student's mentor, Professor Vitor Oliviera Jorge, had stolen his thunder.7 They had given Rebanda a job as their obligatory salvage archaeologist when the new doctor somehow couldn't get a position on a faculty. In return, all he'd had to do was wait till their concrete curtain had gone up and its reservoir had risen into a sea so voluminous and costly that its drainage would have been unthinkable. My goateed interlocutor smirked as he told me I could try looking for the doctor at the complex built for the previous dam, 15A kilometers downstream. But I'd hit pay dirt: the fact that I might hear Rebanda's mea culpa was more than Ia€™d hoped for.
Sebastian elected to wait outside and embarked on Jules Verne's Journey to the Center of the Earth as I knocked at the locked door.
Still, I complimented her on her English, sympathized with them for having to put up with this hierarchical bother, and kept spinning innocuous questions, while she kept waiting for me to go. When Rebanda's secretary came out again, to see if she could get either me a€“ or her boss - to give up as the wait grew embarrassingly long, I asked her what the round silos with tipped roofs on the hills had been used for. But the next time, after they had gotten used to my rounds, I stepped inside and admired a sequence of two eight-foot-tall maps full of pins. Something was wrong: in addition to the constellations of pins extending for 17 kilometers upstream from the construction site, there were dozens downstream, along the reservoir behind the dam just outside!
Finally, so many hours had passed, and she'd informed the doctor so many times that I was still hanging around, that I was forced by the sheer need for new scenery to vary my route, and drifted through empty rooms.
The only thing the reports agreed on was that Rebanda had somehow discovered the flooded portion of Canada do Inferno by the previous autumn22 a€“ asking the EDP to lower the Pocinho reservoir by just 3 meters in November 1994 so he could study the engravings.23 a€?They told me it was too expensive,a€? Rebanda had told the New York Times. So who had shot these photographs, which looked like they had been taken when the sites were dry vegetated hillsides instead of among the muck and bare banks below a fallen waterline? I realized that the photos of the dry sites might have been taken before the Pocinho Dam, which had flooded them, had even been completed a€“ over 12 years before! UNESCO had suggested Clottes, who, in an uncanny convergence of good and bad karma, was taken on a whirlwind tour of the tip of the iceberg at Canada do Inferno, then immediately whisked to a press conference in Vila Nova do Foz CA?a on Dec 16th, 199428 a€“ just two days before the discovery of the Chauvet Cave that catapulted him, as its first interpreter and protector, from the summit of the French archaeological establishment to world fame.
But Clottesa€™ judgement was mixed, confirming that the art could be dated on stylistic grounds to the early Solutrean or even late Gravettian of twenty to twenty-four thousand years ago while suggesting that flooding the valley might be the best way of protecting it, since Portugal was ill-equipped to protect such widely dispersed panels from vandals!29 a€?There is no easy solution,a€? he told a reporter. What the press forgot to emphasize with quite as much fervor was the fact that Clottes had prefaced his Solomonic verdict by saying, a€?Whatever happens, the engravings must be preserved and not be damaged.a€? Clottes might have felt that he could safely pass the buck because no art conservationist could honestly guarantee the engravingsa€™ fate once they were subjected to currents carrying abrasives, burial under the petrifying alluvia that accumulates behind dams,33 and the worlda€™s most destructive solvent a€“ water, which would dissolve pigments and destabilize rock that had proven its resistance to aerial conditions over tens of millennia. While chatting up the gaunt fellow traveller at the construction site, Ia€™d pretended to make small talk by asking engineering questions, including one about the depth of the sediment that had accumulated behind the Pocinho dam.
The irony of it was that Clottesa€™ efforts to be honest without irritating his hosts had been the spark that the French diplomats had dreaded. Despite the fact that the great prehistoriana€™s reputation would remain largely intact, and with good reason, in much of the rest of the world,34 the Portuguese intelligentsia began to shun him. A€ propos of CA?a, two Portuguese rock art researchers, who couldna€™t stomach Clottes after his press conference, ironically echoed him by telling me, confidentially, that flooding the engravings could still be a blessing since it would save them from graffiti and those boogeymen of archaeologistsa€™ dreams, prowling collectors. My guess is that he was so beleaguered by advisers that he was just trying to get out of an awkward situation as quickly, judiciously and diplomatically as possible. I mentioned to Rebanda that I had just attended the lecture on Chauvet, that I even had a videotape of it right there in my camera. So it's true, I thought, drowning the site was Rebanda's solution to the problem of ownership of photographic rights. But then, what about Rebanda's self-serving talk of photo credits, not to mention the engravings already submerged by the dam at the doorstep a€“ and his belief that the engravings were doomed to be flooded? Strangely enough, I could again see it being both ways, since the roots of tragedy are self-deception and entwined motives. He must have realized that I was rooting for him to pull himself out of his tailspin, because suddenly he decided. Upon leaving, Sebastian asked to check out the Pocinho dam, so I drove round an interchange into an empty parking lot with planters. As the sun slanted over the plateau into the wilderness of the CA?a valley, I decided to sneak into a side-valley to the north of our campsite that Rebanda's map had cluttered with pins. Then, after breaching a wall of rushes, we broke to the reservoir's edge - and were met by a horned skull stuck on a stake. Suddenly, I remembered what Rebanda had said about the engravings' association with witchcraft.
Being obstinate (or perhaps because of the prehistoric setting), I started whittling stone, knapping a microlithic surgeon's kit, and then bent single-mindedly to my task - failing till I was disgusted with myself and worried for my victim (which I had bizarrely associated with Rebanda). This time there were two guards behind an overhanging military fence crested by barbed wire. The guard who beckoned us in was rearing a guard-dog puppy, which scampered around, tumbling over ledges and using its chin to lever itself over steps. Our guide was a decent young man who couldn't help feeling uneasy blocking access to these bold masterpieces at the source of all our arts. Still, these guards were actually tame as the locals poured down to catch a glimpse of the animals through the fence.
After he'd hastened to take up his time-clock again, I wandered if there might not be even more testimonials of man's attraction to this classical Eden with its islets and fords in the flowery river, and browsed through a plowed orchard, along a contour which I judged would have been the valley floor half a million years ago.
We knew the next dawn would be our last, so we broke camp in blue light to explore the teeming side-valley beyond the first auroch. Not Portugal's - OURS - because this art is so old, despite its elegance, that we share the blood and genius of those distant ancestors who awoke to the universe, whether our cavalcade of ancestors migrated around the Old World or came across the Bering Straits 14,000 years ago.
Footnotes have been added to the internet version of the article to provide historical perspective and more detail about sources than the versions that were published & distributed in 1995. 1 The three discoverers of the Chauvet Cave were Eliette Brunel Deschamps, Christian Hillaire, and Jean-Marie Chauvet.
2 The IPPAR announced the existence of the valleya€™s engravings on November 19, 1994 but a video was made of them in 1993. 10 Bahn 1995 for a re-capitulation of the same accusations against the IPPAR & Rebanda. 33 Bednarik & Jaffe have been the most outspoken spokesmen about delusions concerning the protective qualities of reservoirs a€“ which not only inundate art panels with water but deep alluvial deposits that make their later recovery dangerous and impractical.
34 Interestingly, a few years after this appeal was written, Clottes came under fierce attack and even ridicule by many representatives of the French intelligentsia, including some of the countrya€™s most prominent prehistorians, after he and David Lewis-Williams published a€?The Shamans of Prehistory: Trance and magic in the painted cavesa€? in 1996. As soon as their results indicating that the art might be only 3,000 to 6,500 years old (if not even younger) were announced a€“ which actually made the engravings even more astonishing, potentially rewriting the history of rock art or even making Portugal the last bastion of the Paleolithic tradition a€“ the most important Portuguese right-wing weekly screamed that the direct-dating results proved that stylistic daters like Clottes had perpetrated a a€?FRAUDa€? (O Independente, 7 July 1995).
It should also be noted that the individuals who participated in the debate were often somewhat unwittingly drawn into playing secondary or tertiary roles in a struggle between the Portuguese Ministry of Culture and Ministry of Industry. 40 In November 1995 - six months after this call-toa€“arms was published and circulated to Prehistoric Art Emergencya€™s volunteers (who Ia€™m glad to report included a young actor, Yann Montelle, who went on to earn a doctorate in prehistory) - a book edited by Jorge called a€?Dossier CA?aa€? appeared with 20 contributions by him or his wife.
44 After writing this article in May 1995, it occurred to me that I might have missed one of the main reasons for eliminating Rebanda from Portugala€™s archaeological milieu a€“ the fact that he was so effective at finding rock art that drew international attention, first to Mazouco, then to CA?a. 49 When I wrote the article, I assumed that the two young men were Rebandaa€™s subordinates and referred to them as a€?draftsmena€?.
50 After initially denigrating both the art and the idea of extracting it, the EDP later adopted the idea as one of its three strategies for overcoming opposition to the dam project.
When he arrived on April 11, he says he discovered his fellow guests at the hotel were almost entirely Chinese. The next day, he rose at 6 am and took a shuttle bus to the 60,000-seat Kim Il-sung Stadium to join more than 500 international runners at the starting line. This year, the marathon started in Rungrado May Day Stadium, the largest arena in the world with a capacity of 150,000, and reportedly attracted at least 1,000 runners from outside the DPRK. The route through downtown Pyongyang passes some major landmarks, including Kim Il-sung University and the city's Arch of Triumph.
He says there were no security checks at the starting line or portable toilets, and that the rules for runners' attire were unusual. In the end, Hu finished outside 3 hours 52 minutes, almost 16 minutes slower than his personal best but eight ahead of the event's closing mark, a relatively tough task for many amateur runners.
Hu, who works for a media company in Beijing, says his lasting impression is of the local spectators. Hu Jinnan travels around the world to take part in various competitions, such as the marathon in Pyongyang in April.


The Chengdu plant of Dongfeng Peugeot Citroen Automobile - DPCA, a joint venture with French carmaker PSA Peugeot Citroen and Chinese automaker Dongfeng Motor Corporation, is scheduled to go into trial production in May.
Located in the State-level Chengdu Economic and Technological Development Zone, also known as the CEDZ in the eastern part of Chengdu, it is DPCA's fourth manufacturing plant in China. The Chengdu plant will mainly produce vehicles for both the Peugeot and Citroen brands as well as Dongfeng's Fengshen brand, with a focus on high-end sport utility vehicles and multi-purpose vehicles.
In December 2015, the plant's first all-new SUV ran off the assembly line, just 14 months after its foundation was laid in October, 2014. The new model, whose internal code name is the P84, was developed in partnership with European plants and will launch simultaneously in the Chinese and European markets.
Louis Gallois, chairman of the supervisory board of PSA Peugeot Citroen, called the construction speed of the Chengdu plant a "miracle", as it generally takes about two and a half years to build such a plant. Wu Zheng, a senior manager of the Chengdu plant, said the plant uses world-leading technology, making it both highly efficient and environmentally friendly. The Chengdu plant has attracted some 30 companies engaged in related industries, such as France-based Faurecia, Dongfeng Motor Die and Mould, Fengshen Logistics and Wuhan Dongfeng Hongtai Holdings Group. According to Wu, the number of companies engaged in related industries at the plant is expected to reach 80, supplying more than 70 percent of the auto parts needed by DPCA's Chengdu plant. The plant is expected to go into commercial operation in October, and the production target for this year is 10,000 cars. The construction of DPCA's Chengdu plant got strong, targeted support from the local government. Lu Congguo, director of the plant, said that although he had initial concerns about dealing with government departments, his fears were unfounded. The plant was listed as one of 56 major industrial projects by the Sichuan provincial government. The local government also focused on the construction of the infrastructural facilities in the Sino-French Ecological Park. Longquanyi district, home to the CEDZ, has invested more than 1 billion yuan in the construction of the infrastructure. Zhou Ling, director of the Sino-French Ecological Park's coordination office, said park officials are negotiating with leading French companies, including PSA Peugeot Citroen, Renault and Bollore, to establish cooperation in the fields of new-energy vehicles and smart cars. The park is also seeking in-depth cooperation with French and European Union companies in the fields of ecological construction, energy saving and environmental protection. Chengdu's auto industry has seen rapid development in recent years, growing into a pillar of the city's economy. Longquanyi is one of China's leading auto bases, with investors including Dongfeng Peugeot Citroen, FAW-Volkswagen, FAW-Toyota, Zhejiang Geely Holding Group and Volvo, as well as many car component suppliers. Last year, Longquanyi district produced 920,000 units of vehicles and its auto industry generated output value of 141.2 billion yuan.
Since last year, Volvo's new luxury sedan, the S60 Inscription, has been produced at the company's Chengdu plant and exported to the United States. With DPCA's Chengdu plant set to go into commercial operation, auto production in Longquanyi is expected to exceed 1 million cars this year, local officials said. According to the city's industrial development strategy, Chengdu will have the capacity to produce 2 million cars annually by 2017. The latest planning shows that the city is expected to have an annual output capacity of 3 million cars by 2025. The city will also take advantage of its location with regard to the Belt and Road Initiative and the Chengdu-Europe express rail route to create an improved logistics service for carmakers and car component suppliers, the official said. An important social movement in China took place early in the 20th century when scholar Liang Shuming called on intellectuals to boost the reform of rural areas stricken by extreme poverty after years of war. As part of efforts to improve the quality of life in these areas, scholars set up schools and came up with measures to upgrade agricultural technology. Zhu Shengxuan leased an abandoned farm from the Deqing local government in Zhejiang province and is going all out to find new ways to repurpose China's villages and entice more people to come back and live in the countryside. A century has since passed, and some young intellectuals still hold onto a similar dream, although the movement has now taken on a new meaning - to preserve culture and heritage.
Although he has lived in Shanghai for more than 10 years, Zhu says he still has a strong emotional connection to his village in Baoshan, Yunnan province. Many people in the affected areas who had relied primarily on farming to make a living now had no means to earn an income.
Nearby, he grew corn, sweet potatoes and a variety of other vegetables without the use of pesticide. Before creating the blueprint for his new village reform project in Kunshan city in Jiangsu province, Zhu talked to most of the 142 families in the area to find out what were the things they hoped to retain. Together with the local authorities in Kunshan, Zhu will also be setting up a gallery comprising items from many of the old farmers, such as a 100-year-old millstone and brick sculptures of tigers.
Phoenix Peninsula is 21 square kilometers in size and stretches out over 54 km of coastline that includes the 3.5-km Golden Beach, a national-level 4A scenic spot. The Qingdao government has been cautious about the exploration of Phoenix Peninsula in a bid to preserve its resources and land. In recent years, tourism products in the zone have diversified, including a selection of high-end hotels, such as Wyndam, The Lalu and the Hilton, entertainment parks, yacht and cruise ship ports, sports centers and museums. From last summer, Phoenix Peninsula has been the venue for the Qingdao International Beer Festival, and has China's largest coastal beer plaza. Wang said the new development strategy for China's tourism industry recommended from the central government is comprehensive planning for an entire area instead of building a few tourist attractions, which is in line with Phoenix Peninsula's strategy to build a "tourism and resorts zone". It also hosts a plum festival in March and April that includes numerous activities such as a photography competition, a calligraphy and Chinese painting exhibition, a bonsai exhibition, interactive games and a traditional drama and dance. There is also a separate park with 15 varieties of bamboo spread across 10,000 square meters.
Bijiashangliu, a village in Licang, has been recognized as one of the "Most Beautiful Villages in China" in 2013 and 2014.
The district has also six so-called mountain parks, including Hushan, Loushan, Yandunshan, Niumaoshan, that are covered in forests.
The venue for the 2014 Qingdao International Horticultural Expo is consistently preserved and maintained and is recognized as a national 4-A level tourist attraction.
In March, the district hosted the Kite Festival at the Horticulture Exhibition Park in partnership with Weifang, another city in Shandong province and where the original kite festival in China was held. The projects, spread over a combined area of 3.5 million square meters, cover finance, information services, industrial design, the culture and creative industry, research and development, smart hardware, new energy, new materials and marine biomedicine. The projects will be located in the area around Zhuzhou road, an industrial base with 168 high-tech companies. Last year, companies in this area applied for 5,075 patents, up 27.5 percent from 2014, and 1,241 patents were approved, a 70 percent increase from 2014.
The area is home to Haier Industrial Park, the eastern part of which will soon expand with a 40-hectare urban complex complete with financial services, e-commerce service providers, startup incubators, shopping centers and entertainment facilities. The Aucma Smart Industrial Park project, behind a 4 billion yuan investment, will serve as a R&D center and startup incubator for more than 200 small and medium-sized companies.
Jiang Duntao, head of the Laoshan district government, said the district has set up a 1 billion yuan industrial investment fund for emerging industries and has built up various startup incubators to help entrepreneurs realize their dreams by partnering with China's top venture fund managers and tech investors. Farmers harvest grapes in Pingdu, Qingao, where the Qingdao Dazeshan Mountain Hiking Festival kicks off from Saturday. The Qingdao Dazeshan Mountain Hiking Festival kicked of from Saturday in Pingdu, the largest county-level city in the province.
The town of Dazeshan has hosted the China Qingdao Dazeshan Grape Festival for 29 years and its grapes are reputed to be on a par with those from Xinjiang, which is believed to produce the best grapes in China. Since 1987, the price of local grapes has increased 50 times to more than 10 yuan ($1.54) per kilogram. Dazeshan boasts more than 200 varieties of grapes, including Muscat Hamburg, Zeshan No 1 and Golden Finger, and the town's local vineyards cover more than 2,300 hectares. Dazeshan's vineyards are also benefiting from the growth of the wine and tourist industries. The regional government has, in recent years, taken steps to preserve the natural environment, including closing a number of quarries and stone processing plants, despite their significant tax contributions.
Under current plans, the park will be located in the Qingdao Bonded Port Jiaozhou Function Area, which boasts capabilities to support multimodal transport logistics, facilitating smooth transportation, e-commerce and high-end manufacturing, as well as research and development facilities.
It is hoped that the park will increase bilateral investment and trade cooperation among countries in Asia and Europe by mobilizing resources domestically and overseas, said Wang Shoupeng, head of Jiaozhou commerce department. Today it boasts a well-developed freight transport system with seamless sea and rail links.
Shipping company CRIntermodal has set up one of its 18 logistics terminals in Jiaozhou, which connects with nearly 600 container transaction stations across the country. Jiaozhou's rail links connect Qingdao with China's western frontier city of Khorgos in Xinjiang, and also reach as far as Amsterdam through the Eurasia Continental Bridge. To make things easier for logistics operators, the Qingdao Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau opened a sub-office in Jiaozhou in October 2013. Ratanina Masha (right) from Russia, who studies Chinese at the Ocean University of China, proudly displays her calligraphy skills on Neighbor Day on April 20 in Shinan District, Qingdao. Dozens of foreigners gathered in a small neighborhood in Qingdao's Shinan district on the afternoon of April 20. They came to make friends among the locals in honor of Neighbor Day, an 18-day event celebrated across Qingdao, including the county-level cities on its outskirts, such as Jiaozhou. The festival started 12 years ago after a 10-year-old girl called Sun Ruihan was rebufed after paying a New Year's visit to her neighbor. The concept was embraced by the municipal government and promoted as a city-level event in a bid to boost friendliness and civility in the city. As the birthplace of the festival, Shibei district hosted the opening ceremony of this year's Neighbor Day on April 19. In Jiaozhou, a county-level city of Qingdao, organizers hosted a number of activities to bring neighbors together, including the sharing of family stories and a mobile neighbors' library to share books.
As the central area of downtown Qingdao, Shinan district attracts many foreigners into its communities, thus there is also international representation at their Neighbor Day activities.
Sarah Sobas from the United States said she had a great time with her neighbors as she experienced the art of Chinese paper cutting for the first time. Ratanina Masha from Russia, who is studying Chinese at the Ocean University of China, described the event as a great opportunity to make friends with her Chinese neighbors and learn about the local culture with them. As China prepares to host its first G20 Summit, the importance of this grouping of major world economies is becoming more apparent, according to experts. The event, slated for September 4-5 in East China's Hangzhou city, comes at a time when increasing deflationary risks loom over the global economy's recovery.
Boosting growth among developing countries is highlighted on the summit's agenda, as has making more progress in areas such as addressing global climate change. Since December, around 30 preparatory meetings have been held at the ministerial or working-group level, including a gathering of personal representatives of heads of state, known as sherpas, as well as finance, trade and foreign ministers.
More than 30 additional meetings are scheduled later this year to ensure the summit's success, according to the latest calendar of events published on the G20's official website. On April 8, a presidency statement was released following the Second G20 Sherpa Meeting in Guangzhou, stating that the assembled representatives would work toward promoting the implementation of the Paris Agreement, which was adopted at the 21st Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in December. Huang Wei, a researcher on global economic governance at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, noted that "the G20 now represents the best efficiency in the aspect of global economic governance", while other mechanisms - such as the UN and G7 - are faced with higher cost or lack of influence.
Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs and China's G20 Sherpa Li Baodong has described the Hangzhou summit as "the first time that the G20 will formulate an action plan on the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development". This ambitious agenda, adopted in September, is designed to serve as the launchpad for action to promote shared prosperity and well-being for the next 15 years. Upon China's initiative, the G20 is examining ways to support industrialization in Africa and what are known as least development countries, Li added. Zhu Jiejin, an associate professor on global governance studies at Fudan University in Shanghai, said if the G20 takes the 2030 Agenda as one of its policy goals, the gathering itself will win more recognition for its role as a "leading international economic cooperation platform". This will "offer political impetus" for implementing the agenda, make the work of international organs such as the UN easier and encourage more countries to join in, Zhu said. Gao Hucheng, minister of commerce, has said China will work alongside various parties to push for establishing the G20 trade and investment cooperation mechanism to "regularize" the G20 trade ministers' meeting. Huang Wei noted that although the G20 has built mechanisms for regularized meetings of finance, labor ministers and governors of central banks, many other ministerial-level meetings are not regularized yet.
Since registration opened in December, more than 100,000 volunteers have signed up to help with the high-level international forum for governments and central bank governors. Around 26,000 of these volunteers are university professors and their students, who will be whittled down to a short list of 3,000 through a strict selection and training process.
These will be the on-site volunteers, who are required to have a relatively high-level of language ability and work at the summit itself, whereas city volunteers will help out with public security patrols, environment management and culture publicity in Hangzhou. Wang Lingwei, a graduate student from Zhejiang Gongshang University, said it would be an honor to be selected as an on-site volunteer.
Wang Yuejun, director of Hangzhou Volunteering Work Guide Center, said there was more than two decades' worth of community service experience in the city, which has more than a million registered volunteers and 13,750 volunteer organizations, with volunteering service stations in 97 percent of communities. In addition to the local recruitment drive, an international volunteer team has also been set up in the city featuring more than 20 students and teachers from the United States, Russia, Italy, South Korea, Ukraine, Indonesia and Congo, among other countries.
According to the local authorities, all volunteers will be managed in real-time through an online platform, with their contributions to the summit recorded in the form of points and rankings to add incentives for good service. More than 5,500 volunteer service activities have already been carried out in Hangzhou in preparation for the summit, with a total of 360,000 volunteer man-hours recorded.
Members of an international volunteer team attend a public event in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province. The governor reiterated that the central bank will maintain a "prudent" monetary policy, but be "flexible" and "appropriate" in its implementation.
The upward track has lessened the need for further monetary easing, which is why Zhou didn't mention the "bias toward easing" this time, analysts said. While optimistic about China's short-term growth outlook, global banks see medium to long-term risk rising, as the first-quarter's rebound remained credit-fuelled. Even Zhou acknowledged there is a serious problem with China's debt, and has raised the issue several times in recent months. China's corporate debt is the highest among major economies, amounting to 166.3 percent of GDP by the end of the third quarter, according to the Bank for International Settlement. English learning activities have been organized across the city as part of efforts to better serve the summit, which is scheduled to open in early September. In March, the team behind local mobile app Xiangfu Community, based in the city's Gongshu district, started a campaign to get residents speaking more English by providing free language learning content and encouraging users to learn a new sentence each day. Once a week, a lesson with a senior English language teacher is organized through the app, and English-themed discussion activities are held once a month. Elsewhere, residents are being encouraged to share their learning experiences via a discussion group on the social media WeChat, and traffic police in the city's West Lake area have also been learning English to better communicate with international visitors during the summit.
West Lake attracts a large number of foreign tourists each year due to its renowned natural beauty, yet visitors often commit traffic violations. Improving conversational English has been a key component of the West Lake police team's training over the past year.
All officers are given a book titled Summit English to facilitate police self-learning and practice, while common phrases are sent through a WeChat group called "Everyday English".
An English Service Team has also been established and is providing English service to visitors. ZF's Advanced Urban Vehicle concept car is fully electronically driven and its functions and features offer a completely autonomous driving experience. ZF Friedrichshafen AG, the German automotive chassis and driveline technology company, is strengthening its capabilities to serve e-mobility.
ZF recently added an e-mobility division to its corporate structure to ensure it is better able to meet the needs of its customers. The new division is a complement to five existing divisions that produce car powertrain technology, car chassis technology, commercial vehicle technology, industrial technology, and active and passive safety technology. He said that ZF's immediate goal is not pure e-mobility but promoting electrification to reduce the combustion engine's workload and optimize fuel consumption. The core of the new e-mobility division is ZF's existing electronic systems and electric traction drive technology business units. Grotendorst said that the new division will focus primarily on three areas of activity: low-voltage technology, plug-in hybrid drivelines and electric axle drives. While many industrial giants are exploring opportunities in the e-mobility sector, what makes ZF different, Grotendorst said, is that its customers will benefit from the group's overall expertise and in-depth knowledge of electric drivelines, chassis and related components enabling customers to get solutions from a single source.
According to ZF, its e-mobility product portfolio ranges from integrated 48-volts solutions outputting 15 kilowatts which can be used in mild hybrid systems to powerful electric motors producing up to 120 kilowatts for plug-in hybrid transmissions. ZF considers China one of the most important markets for e-mobility because of the government's focus on the environment and support for new-energy vehicles. China's central government plans to have five million NEVs on the nation's roads by 2020, and it has implemented a series of policies to support the realization of that target.
At the end of 2015, the central government issued a draft plan that will reward provinces and cities that meet the minimum requirement of selling more than 30,000 NEVS this year with 90 million yuan ($13.88 million). There will be a special bonus of 7.5 million yuan for every 2,500 units of increased sales. The government also requires all new residential complexes to have charging posts or to assign space for them, while at least 10 percent of the spaces in public parking lots should have charging facilities. ZF has established both a research and development team and a sales team which focus on e-mobility in Shanghai to meet demand from the Chinese market.
He said it is necessary to form such research and development teams in local markets because they will have better knowledge about local market, which will be beneficial to customers.
ZF Friedrichshafen AG expects overall revenue growth of 7 percent over the medium term, which would be above-average for the market as a whole. According to the company, its sales revenue will be between 35 billion euros ($39.45 billion) and 36 billion euros in 2016.
The adjusted earnings before interest and taxes margin for 2016 is expected to be between 5 and 6 percent.
ZF said that the markets for passenger cars as well as for light and heavy commercial vehicles will show solid overall development this year. At the same time, ZF expects its Industrial Technology Division to see substantial sales growth in 2016. The acquisition of TRW, one of the leading auto safety parts suppliers, was completed on May 15 last year. Sommer said ZF TRW already presented initial successes from the comprehensive, multiyear integration process. Chenming, a paper-making company, increased its annual production capacity from 180,000 metric tons to 300,000 tons after moving to the new industrial zone. The government invited city -planning experts from the United States to design the new Hadawan, and professional ecology restoration companies to treat the soil in Hadawan, as the former factories had contaminated the land with their waste. Only after the soil was restored did the government start introducing cultural and tourism projects and real estate industries. To control the noise generated by the Changchun-Jilin high-speed railway, which runs through Hadawan, the city government built soil slopes covered with thick wood and noise barriers on either side of the lines. New high-rise modern apartment buildings are scheduled to be finished soon to accommodate previous residents as well as newcomers.
Zou said Hadawan's transformation project pays special attention to making use of what it had and turning unfavorable factors, such as the high-speed railway cutting through the area, into integral parts of the city. All garbage is sorted in the new Hadawan and refuse that cannot be recycled is burned in a local power plant to generate energy.
China National Petroleum Corp's petrochemicals branch in Jilin makes a profit in the first three months of this year, thanks to breakthroughs in production technology.
China National Petroleum Corp's petrochemicals branch in Jilin was known as the Jilin Chemical Industry Co before it was merged with its current parent firm in 1998. The Jilin Chemical Industry Co was built in 1954 as China's first large-scale chemical industry base, produced dyes, chemical fertilizers and calcium carbide. Overcapacity in the industry, the economic slowdown and weakening market demand in the past three years have aggravated uncertainties and risks to the company's operation. To overcome these difficulties, the company has raised its employees' awareness of possible crises, improved its management and boosted innovation. Last year, the company processed 8 million metric tons of crude oil and 670,000 tons of ethylene. In the first quarter of this year, the company grabbed opportunities in the market's recovery to expand production. General Manager Sun Shuzhen said: "State-owned companies should change their image of always incurring losses.
The company ended its losses this year, after producing new products, such as Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene, polyethylene pipe material and aviation kerosene. The R&D team in the high alcohols factory found new ways to remove impurities and nitride oxides in the processing of crude oil. Qiu Ke, Party chief of the company, said: "The innovation concept is ingrained in people's hearts in this venture. Qiu said the company will upgrade its utility boilers to make them more environmentally friendly, make the gas they produce cleaner and replace ethylene glycol with ethylene oxide. The industry park has its own brands, whole-industry-chain services and strong research and development capabilities. Sun Xiaotian, who returned from Japan in 2002, set up his own business in the industry park. In the early development stage, many factories in the park operated as original equipment manufacturers. The industrial park administrative committee then set up a research and development center, providing new designs and updated market information to companies.
Wang Mingna, director of the R&D center, said her team is making socks with new nanomaterials. The center is looking for all possible materials that can be used in the production of socks. With the help of e-commerce, for domestic orders of fewer than 100,000 pairs of sock, the companies ensure that their customers receive their products within seven days of receiving the orders.
The central government earmarked Liaoyuan as one of the first batch of resource-depletion cities that must transform their economies in 2005, when the sock industry started taking off in the city. Tian said a large number of related enterprises on the sock industry chain concentrate on the e-commerce platform. The third "Talk About Jilin" activity was launched in Northeast Normal University in Changchun, Jilin province, on April 20. The government-organized activity asked expatriates in Jilin to share their views on the province in order to deepen mutual understanding between foreigners and locals and to help the government improve its governance. Students from Mozambique, Vietnam, the Republic of Korea, Russia and the United States shared their views with Chinese students at the activity, which was attended by provincial government officials.
Hong Seung Woo, a student from the ROK, said he has been studying in Jilin for the past eight years.
Damission Celsio Emilio, a student from Mozambique, and Mac Anh Dung, a student from Vietnam, praised Jilin's picturesque natural views, its cuisine, people and standard of living. Environmental education has become an essential part in young students' growth and it is important for them to have a global environmental view, said Jiang Nanqing, national officer at the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP).
She said she hopes young students understand the relationship between the environment and their life and consider the environmental impact of future development. Tan Xiaoqing, vice-principal of Beijing No 4 High School, said the school makes full use of high-quality, educational resources, both in and out of the classroom, to ensure students get the best possible environmental education. Tan said the school's students also took part in many related activities, with some producing a report in 2013 examining how air pollution in Beijing can be tackled. The report, which had the support of more than 200 students, showcased students' sense of responsibility, Tan said.
Wang Tao, vice-principal of Beijing 101 Middle School, said the school focused on students' main roles in the cause of environmental protection and that many of the school's environmental activities were planned and organized by students. The school also encouraged students to participate in field studies, with some students visiting and carrying out research at the once-desertified Engebei ecological demonstration area in the Inner Mongolia autonomous region in July 2013. In March 2015, more than 20 students from the school went to Fragrant Hills to help pick up litter. Feng Hong, vice-principal at Beijing No 2 Experimental Primary School, said it is the responsibility of educators to help foster students' awareness of environmental protection and encourage them to lead environmentally friendly lifestyles. An event about garbage classification was held at the school in December 2014 and some students performed a play about environmental protection that was conceived by the students themselves. The students also showcased the school's achievements in environmental education, including garbage sorting and resource recycling. UNEP and the Beijing Municipal Commission of Education were two of the organizers of the International Principal Forum on Environmental Education. The commission has asked schools to use interesting teaching methods to encourage students to engage with environmental issues and encourage them to think independently. According to Wang, Beijing launched a scientific suggestion award for primary and middle school students in 2009 because of a student named Zhu Xiaoxuan. Zhu wrote a letter arguing that motor vehicle engines should cut out at red traffic lights and reignite when the lights turn green. The letter was sent to former Premier Wen Jiabao during the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games and at this time, Zhu was still at Beijing No 2 Experimental Primary School.
He said the commission plans to improve the environmental education system in Beijing and better inform people about environmental issues.
UNEP's Jiang said the organization has held youth summer camps in the Kubuqi Desert in Inner Mongolia with the aim of showing students the effects of environmental changes. To Jiang's pleasure, several camp participants told her how the summer camp had changed their attitude toward the environment.
We try to help students become more aware of environmental protection through organized activities.
I hope youths can cultivate responsibility and enthusiasm in their environmental protection participation. All parts of society need to enhance teenagers' awareness of the environmental issues and education must play a vital role. Environmental education has gone far beyond school classes into an indispensable part of students' lives.
Over 20 students from 16 primary, middle and high schools from the Chinese capital, five provinces and the Guangxi Zhuang and Xinjiang Uygur autonomous regions delivered speeches on topics covering sustainable lifestyle habits, innovative ideas and environmental protection campaigns. Zheng Bozhong, one of the speakers and a junior from the High School Affiliated to Renmin University of China in Beijing, talked about how air pollution has hindered his running. Zheng said teenagers could make major contributions to environmental protection, citing Boyan Slat as an example.
In 2013, Slat, at the time 19 years old, unveiled a project to create an ocean cleanup array that could remove 7.25 million metric tons of plastic waste from the world's oceans.
After Boyan quit college in 2013, he set up The Ocean Cleanup, which attracted 100 employees across the world, including 70 scientists, experts and engineers.
With a yearlong effort, the group issued a 528-page-long report to prove the project's feasibility. Wu Haiyi, a sixth-grader from Wan Quan Primary School in Beijing, said using renewable energies is "a sustainable alternative to fossil fuels that can help us make a better world, because they have no negative impact on the environment". Wu said the commission on sustainable development could work with the United Nations Environment Program to provide suggestions to countries, set up investigation groups and establish a partnership mechanism to reach balance between developed and developing countries.
In their speech, Zeng Shulan, 14, Feng Kehao, 14, and Huang Yueliang, 13, from the Liuzhou No 12 Middle School, compared Liuzhou's current conditions to 20 years ago to highlight the importance of environmental protection.
Liuzhou is famed for its natural beauty in China, but the city in Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region has had a high incidence of acid rain for more than a decade. Led by the United Nations Environment Program and the All-China Environment Federation, the project, which started in 2014 and ends this month, strives to construct green and comfortable communities in China and guide consumers to choose environmentally friendly products and services in their daily lives. Taking communities as basic units of sustainable consumption, the project conducts surveys on residents' ideas and practices in the city's Shijingshan Bajiaobeili and Wangjing communities, sets up systematic criteria for evaluation and analysis, and gives suggestions on the country's future strategies and development model. The surveys found that 51 percent of respondents have heard of sustainable consumption, but only 3 percent of them know about the concept. The ICH Steering Committee (SC) will meet in Fukuoka, Japan from 6 to 11 June to discuss ongoing harmonisation activities. The IPEC Federation (International Pharmaceutical Excipients Council) has published a three-page position paper concerning the risk-based approach of the EU Guidelines following the principles of Quality Risk Management according to ICH Q9. For many years now, discussions have been ongoing as to whether it is possible to include non-distillation technologies as a method for the production of Water for Injections (WFI).
The currently valid version of the EU GMP Guide  Annex 15 “Qualification and Validation” from 2001 will finally be replaced by 1 October 2015. With this GMP MANUAL UPDATE you have direct access to all prime regulatory changes and to our GMP expert interpretations. In a highly acclaimed talk held during our GMP Symposium, Richard Denk elucidated the risk factors for contamination and the influence of highly active substances. The European Medicines Agency (EMA) has released a Concept Paper on the Revision of Annex 1 of the Guidelines on Good Manufacturing Practice – Manufacture of Sterile Medicinal Products which addresses the need to update Annex 1 of the European GMP Guide.
New versions of Chapter 3 (Premises and Equipment) and Chapter 5 (Production) have been published providing transitional arrangements for toxicological evaluation. FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER) launched an Office of Pharmaceutical Quality (OPQ) as part of its ongoing Quality Initiative.
The ICH Q3D Guideline on Elemental Impurities reached Step 4 of the ICH Process in December 2014 and now enters the implementation period (Step 5).
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has just released a list of all new and revised draft guidances it plans to release in 2015. The ICH Steering Committee (SC) and its Expert Working Groups (EWGs) met in Lisbon, Portugal on November 8–13, 2014.
Before the end of the year the European Commission has published the “Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No. The EMA has published the final version of the „Guideline on setting health based exposure limits for use in risk identification in the manufacture of different medicinal products in shared facilities”. A biosimilar is a biological medicinal product that contains a version of the active substance of an already authorised original biological medicinal product (reference medicinal product) in the EEA. Officials of Australia and New Zealand have confirmed the plan to stop the development of the joint regulatory authority ANZTPA.
This month representatives of the FDA have met with their cross-agency team from the EMA, the European Commission and GMP experts form European Union Member States in London, in order to make progress on mutual reliance on GMP inspections. ISPE released its Drug Shortages Prevention Plan during the 2014 Annual Meeting in Las Vegas, Nevada. This month the EMA released a “Reflection paper in the requirements for selection and justification of starting materials for the manufacture of chemical active substances”. On 21 October 2014, the FDA released the final version of its Guidance for Industry entitled „Circumstances that constitute delaying, limiting, or refusing a drug inspection”. The ICH Steering Committee has endorsed the final concept paper Q12 “Technical and Regulatory Considerations for Pharmaceutical Product Lifecycle Management”.
The use of products with non-declared pharmacological activity or “other illegal medicines”, often from uncontrolled sources but also purchased from the legal market, is still a major problem within Europe. From 10-11 September 2014, the second symposium on combating counterfeits and other illegal medicines took place at EDQM. The Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients Committee, APIC, has recently published a comprehensive How to do Document regarding electronic Common Technical Documents. The European Commission has published a revised version of Part II of the EU GMP Guide – Basic Requirements for Active Substances used as Starting Materials. The EU’s decentralised procedure is being used as a model to accelerate the assessment of applications for generic medicines as part of the International Generic Drug Regulators PilotExternal link icon (IGDRP).
The ICH M7 Guideline on Assessment and Control of DNA Reactive (Mutagenic) Impurities in Pharmaceuticals to Limit Potential Carcinogenic Risk has reached Step 4 of the ICH process and is now entering the implementation period (Step 5). FDAs Center for Drug Evaluation and Reseach (CDER) has published its yearly list of guidance documents and a list of new, revised and withdrawn guidances.
Last week the FDA issued several policy documents regarding compounded drug products for human use, as part of the agency’s effort to implement the compounding provisions of the Drug Quality and Security Act (DQSA), enacted in November 2013.
EU regulators have unveiled a new logo which will appear on the websites of all authorised online pharmacies known to provide authentic medicines. The Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) is set to strengthen its collaboration with the European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines and HealthCare (EDQM). EMA has published the long awaited Qualified Person (QP) declaration template and accompanying guidance concerning GMP compliance of API manufacture. The FDA, in partnership with other federal and international agencies, took action last week against websites that sell potentially dangerous, unapproved prescription drugs to U.S. As previously reported, the FDA is working on a system that will help to identify and trace dangerous drugs that are counterfeit, stolen or tainted throughout the whole supply chain.
This month, the WHO has published a proposal for the revision of the supplementary guidelines on GMP: Validation, namely Appendix 7 – non-sterile process validation.
The European Commission has published the final version of Chapter 6 Quality Control of the EU Guidelines for Good Manufacturing Practice for Medicinal Products for Human and Veterinary Use on April 3, 2014. The EMA has published the final version of the long awaited Guideline on Process Validation “Guideline on process validation for finished products – information and data to be provided in regulatory submissions” on February 24, 2014. The FDA has published a Draft Guideline for Industry entitled Analytical Procedures and Methods Validation for Drugs and Biologics. The FDA initiates the Secure Supply Chain Pilot Program to enhance the security of imported drugs. The CFDA has announced the adoption of the draft amendment to the Regulations for the Supervision and Administration of Medical Devices at the executive meeting of the State Council on February 12, 2014.
As announced by the Swiss Regulatory Authority Swissmedic, a Memorandum of Understanding in the area of therapeutic products was signed with the Korean Ministry for Food and Drug Safety (MFDS).
Shortly after the FDA notified Ranbaxy Laboratories, Ltd., that it is prohibited from manufacturing and distributing active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) from its facility in Toansa, India, for FDA-regulated drug products due to particularly serious GMP deficiencies, health agencies in Europe are evaluating the FDA inspection findings to assess if these deviations from GMP have any implication on medicines on the European market.
The Health Ministry of India has constituted a sub-committee to prepare guidelines regulating the transportation of drugs in the country. Early this month, the China Food and Drug Administration (CFDA) issued an announcement on the implementation of the Good Manufacturing Practice for Drugs (2010 Revision) for sterile pharmaceutical products.
According to pharmabiz, the government of India is planning a revision of its GMP guidelines – Schedule M – and considers making them on par with the WHO-GMP standards. The International Conference on Harmonisation (ICH) Steering Committee (SC) and its Expert Working Groups (EWGs) published the results of their last meeting in Osaka: ICH Reviews Future ICH Topics and Its Organisation Towards Increased Engagement Globally. April is National Poetry Month and we are bringing you the most poetic street artist we have ever met!
The prices are reasonable and if interested come and check them out while you enjoy a great beer. Come Ring in the New Year with us as we celebrate our January Artist… He is local to Miami and a Craftsman. This months featured Artist is Corinne Stevie of Telekinetic Walrus She will have her art up that has never been shown in Miami!
It all came together very fast as Walton interviewed in Oakland with Lakers owner Jim Buss and general manager Mitch Kupchak on Thursday before getting the offer the following day.
He started the call by telling Kerr he had good news - he got the offer to coach the Lakers - and bad news - he was going to take it. Walton took over when Kerr was sidelined by complications from offseason back surgery to start this season and led Golden State to a record 24 straight wins to open the season.
Thunder's Kevin Durant had 16 points, and Russell Westbrook added 14, but they were harassed into 11-for-34 shooting. The biggest adjustment was coping with the culture shock that included learning a new language and strange foods. I have two months before (Jamaican) trials and three and a half months before the championships," he said.
But he says to give it a chance, because I think my coach is pushing for me to go a few more years.
They made a final charge to get as close as 10 points, but Atlanta was able to close it out.
Coach Brad Stevens rolled the dice and reinserted him, only for Crowder to be called for his fifth foul with 8:13 to play. He has filled in admirably for Stephen Curry as Golden State moves on to the second round of the playoffs without the injured reigning league MVP. Not just this series, all year," Green said after Golden State eliminated Houston on Wednesday night, 114-81.
He had probably the worst knee injury that I've ever seen, that anybody's ever seen in NBA history, almost had his leg amputated," Kerr said this week after being named Coach of the Year. Now that the Foxes are poised to take the championship, that number has more than doubled to over 7,000.
Beyond Murray stoning Ovechkin and Braden Holtby turning aside 42 of 45 shots, there were goals off the rush, a knee-on-knee hit by Washington's Tom Wilson on Conor Sheary and even Jay Beagle getting a stick stuck between his helmet and visor.
The Vezina Trophy finalist was repeatedly tested, but made a big stop on Phil Kessel in the final minutes of regulation.
That's where Oshie was the hero, much like he was for Team USA in the shootout against Russia at the 2014 Sochi Olympics.
Louis Blues to the Capitals last summer, won for the first time in the playoffs when scoring a goal.
Oshie stuffs the puck past Pittsburgh Penguins goalie Matt Murray for the winning goal in overtime of Thursday’s opening game of their Eastern Conference semifinal series at Verizon Center in Washington, DC.
You lose your point guard, you lose the MVP, and to be able to throw Shaun Livingston out there, he's a fantastic player and a great teammate," coach Steve Kerr said. For months, he has been considered a strong candidate to be in the Lakers' plans if they made a change. Green had 15 points as the Warriors cruised to a 114-81 victory to clinch the Western Conference quarterfinal series four games to one.
The Blazers made six 3-pointers in the fourth, with Lillard hitting five as they outscored the Clippers 37-27. Paul is out indefinitely after breaking his right hand on a freakish play in Game 4, when Griffin aggravated a left quadriceps injury that had kept him out three months during the season.
Only six Predators had appeared in a seventh game with other teams, but they all ended up celebrating a breakthrough for Music City hockey at Honda Center.
It started with him waltzing into the event backed by music and cheerleaders, and dancing in front of Klitschko. Not because he doesn't think Fury is a bad boxer, but because he doesn't respect him as a person. His reach and movement caused Klitschko problems in the first fight and the 6-foot-6 Ukrainian barely landed a punch. We are representing all the peoples of South America," he told a crowd of several thousand Athenians. The announcement was made at an event in Madrid marking the 100-day countdown to the Aug 5 opening ceremony at Rio's Maracana Stadium. A former Red Star Belgrade player, the 62-year-old Muslin has had a long coaching career at home and abroad.
It would give them stadium access by pressing their bodies against scanners to open turnstiles. Not only were frescoes of rhinos, horses and lions over 30,000 years old found in a cave in the Ardeche on Dec. Although theya€™re probably right, ita€™s worth noting that these same specialists used similar criteria to ascribe the animals of Chauvet to the same period - until carbon 14 results pushed their age back over 10,000 years, shattering the notion that prehistoric art had evolved linearly, like technologies. In France, the Ministry of Culture placed its new treasure under the most draconian protection, despite the fact that the country already has the lion's share of Paleolithic art. Standing right in front of some of the most spectacular engravings, the Secretary of State for Culture dismissed them as being nothing more than a€?childrena€™s doodlesa€? a€“ whereupon the students from Foz CA?aa€™s high school turned the official into a laughing-stock by presenting him with a schist slab covered with their own scribblings4. It's now or never, the author of the following article decided in April 1995, as he set out to evaluate the engravings, find out the truth, and propose solutions.
My 13-year old son and I had flown to Porto in Portugal and driven far up the Douro valley into the northeastern mountains, prepared to maneuver around obstructions whether by negotiation or hiking through the back door.
Still, here was our first encounter with the powers that be, so I took this opportunity to probe, and get a first step up the hierarchical ladder. So I explained how Sebastian and I had come so far to see the Paleolithic glories that Portugal would be displaying with pride, spoke of credentials, and placed us (and our pen) in his hands.
Still, we had our bearings, and drove off into the late afternoon to penetrate the heart of the forbidden zone. We were getting closer, very close now, and could spy loops of a trail among the folds of a distant ridge. And here too was the arena where one of the greatest feuds between discoverers and custodians of the past had exploded since the conflict between Othniel Marsh and Edward Drinker Cope over the fossils of extinct giants in Sioux territory during Custer's battles. With swifts swirling in up-drafts around our heads, we scrambled and picked our way among sheer precipices and ledges. Its tight horseshoe of cliffs and rubble made the perfect hiding place for our car and tent from the gray guards roaming the surrounding crests with binoculars. Sebastian snuggled tighter into his sleeping bag, so I set out to reconnoiter alone, systematically working quadrants and contours between our quarry at Fariseu and Piscos brook. Somewhere among the jumble of a thousand rock faces would be an ancient image - perhaps masked by lichen or so faint one had to trace its parts before seeing it whole. The numbed waters suddenly spangled upstream with glitter and so many flowery white tresses of water plants that the currents looked like sudsy pastures. After all the noisy demonstrations against the dam in Lisbon, how were they to know how much clout a nosy prehistorian might have? Whatever was going to happen to him afterwards in the backwater of Portuguese archaeology had surely been inconsequential, since experience proved that nobody made much fuss over sites that were out-of-sight and out-of-mind - especially with archaeologists beholding to dam-builders and political appointees for access and records.


According to the insinuations, he could have continued his documentation right up to the headwaters as his masters worked their way upstream step by step. I sensed that this crowd felt their doctor deserved to be the one to tell fellow archaeologists that they might as well ask to visit Atlantis. Sure enough, there was the 12 year-old Pocinho dam sweeping the valley with a clean curtain.14 But the silos of this former construction site's cement plant were speckled with rust, the ranks of its offices and dormitories were deserted and almost every window was broken.
Fortunately, Sebastian was becoming ever more engrossed in Verne's book, spelunking towards the planet's core, so I began to gravitate down halls for exercise and companionship, coming to the door of the room where the secretary was braiding the blind's cord while two laconic draftsmen labored over tracings of horses, ibexes and aurochs. It has been insinuated that Rebanda probably discovered Rock 1 at Canada do Inferno as early as November 1991.18 In Dec. So, quixotically, he had proposed building a dry-dock around the outcropping, and, failing that, underwater exploration. If so, the power utility may have known of incredibly rich sites years before the first blueprint for the new dam!
Clottes was the worlda€™s reigning prehistorian a€“ the man who had risen to the pinnacle of the French archaeological establishment and held the only keys to the holy grail of art caves - the unbelievably strong and ancient Grotte Chauvet. After inspecting the 15% of the art that remained above water at the site in the rising dama€™s shadow, because the EDP had hardly felt it necessary to lower the water for the visit of the foreigner sent by the now antagonistic IPPAR, Clottes stepped before a highly polarized press corps.
The dam-builders and their government backers felt vindicated while much of Portuguese public was crestfallen or furious. The dam had become a poisonous political issue in a national election with the President and his fellow Socialists attacking the center-right Prime Minister for its willingness to sacrifice both the nationa€™s patrimony and vineyards to a flaky building scheme. As if the owners of villas built around the new lake would really allow it to be drained 100 meters to its bottom - where almost all of the known panels would soon be drowned a€“ once every decade!
Suddenly, the Portuguese public felt that the dam-builders were not only destroying the nationa€™s most ancient claim to world grandeur and civilization, but that they were in league with a man who would never have been so cavalier with Paleolithic masterpieces in his own country! When I later asked Portuguese archaeologists if they were going to attend an up-coming conference organized by Clottes, they recoiled. First, because Clottesa€™ retinue of hosts, diplomats and reporters was rushing him and putting him in a bind a€“ even if his stature, pride, and role as UNESCOa€™s expert on rock art had led him into it.
They even echoed his faith in getting dam operators to regularly empty the vast lake a€“ despite the glaring evidence of the EDPa€™s behavior at CA?a itself. No sooner had Clottes triggered a public outcry, than he began to explain away his tepid defense of the CA?aa€™s importance by saying that he had not been shown enough art to form a true idea of the valleya€™s richness.35 But the truth is, he was shown Rebandaa€™s trove of drawings from submerged sections and sites upstream36 and could have been more demanding. After all it was a lot of money, the government was inflexible, the controversy had become a campaign issue a€“ which meant that his advice would seem like foreign meddling - and the elections were still far off.
When, in fact, the long-term rights for the cave in France would belong to its Ministry of Culture a€“ which was already attacking its discoverer, Chauvet, for the pittance hea€™d received for his pictures. But I could hardly hold my tongue: why on earth had he invited people from this caste of academics back into his life - and the valley - when at least one of them had apparently abused him? The picture was compelling: SimAµes and her husband angelically insisting that the world must be told, while the hireling screamed demonically over the fire, accusing university archaeologists of trying to hog the credit yet again.
If Rebanda had known SimAµes and Jaffe were going to paint him into a corner, wouldn't he have raced for the exit? Both Rebanda and SimAµes de Abreu could have been traitors and saviors at once, and as long as I was with this archaeologist, I felt bound to encourage the savior in him.
It must have seemed like an insult to him after all his efforts, so with an anarchic gesture, he announced, what the hell, he'd photocopy their fax when it came, so we could enter a second.
Huge black derricks hulked atop the dam beside a row of gate-lifting pistons that looked like Big Berthas.
We bagged the warning or omen, caught and released a giant water beetle - the kind that injects deliquescing enzymes into living frogs, then sucks out their juice - and worked our way along what was actually the upper tier of a disappearing cliff. When art panels are located in the CA?aa€™s side valleys, they are apparently concentrated on northern slopes. I was a willing guide as we skewered corn kernels on hooks, lashed lines around a log and threw the lethal leashes into the dark. They were a hundred yards apart, making perpetual rounds as they kept time clocks happy by cranking them every few paces with keys chained to the fence. It was probably his first job after military service, but he was intelligent enough to realize that hea€™d been hired as a pawn in a vast conspiracy to keep Portugal's greatest cultural wonders out of sight and out of mind, till they could be obliterated. One, because any plan to remove the friezes not only meant assigning a value to them, but keeping the controversy alive. The mountainous dirt road forked, meandered and even skirted an imposing castle,51 but several classes of children were making the long dusty pilgrimage on foot while carloads of adults in their Sunday best made the excursion to see the only engravings to have escaped the censors - either because the site at Penascosa was so far from Lima Montiero's spyglass or because the valley was gentler here and had always been farmed. I hadn't passed the first olive tree when I happened upon a well-knapped hand-axe, and then another! On-line commentary entitled a€?Some corrections about the CA?a petroglyphsa€? in TRACCE no.
While Chauveta€™s name was given to the cave itself, the names of his co-discoverers were given to two of its large chambers.
Mila SimAµes de Abreu and Ludwig Jaffe were the founders of the APAAR (AssociaA§ao Portuguesa de Arte e Arqueologia Rupestre), which has been a member of IFRAO (International Federation of Rock Art Organisations) since Sept.
In an on-line commentary, Jaffe denounced what he perceived as a continuation of the scandal under new management: a€?In December 1994 IPPAR passed the responsibility for the rock art in the Coa valley to Mario Varela Gomes and Antonio Martinho Baptista.
Their critics often subscribe to the doctrine that modern ethnographic evidence cannot be used to interpret ancient cultures.
Although Bednarik was one of the earliest crusaders for CA?a - calling for the EDP to stop building the dam in Nov. The leftist press and Portuguese archaeological milieu reacted with just as much reflection, ignoring both Bednarika€™s qualifiers and his pioneering role in organizing the world campaign to fight for the whole valleya€™s salvation (see Dossier CA?a p.
Of the 66 contributions written by individuals, not one is by Nelson Rebanda, whose ghost a€“ to anyone interested in intellectual property a€“ haunts every line.
After the CA?a scandal served its purpose as an electoral issue that helped the Socialists to win power, the new government kept its campaign promise by protecting the CA?a Valley but used the goodwill engendered by the decision to blunt criticism while flooding other huge assemblages of rock art. 3; Catherine Vincent, writing in Le Monde on March 11, 1995, goes into much more detail about one particular vineyard, Ervamoira, that would have been lost, along with its exceptional Port wine.
The first was to prove that the engravings were not Paleolithic a€“ an effort that entrapped researchers who wanted to apply experimental direct-dating techniques.
The package cost about 5,000 yuan ($770) and included a round-trip to Pyongyang on Air Koryo, hotel accommodation and entry to the marathon. Photography was allowed during the race, according to Hu, but people were told to show "respect" to portraits and statues of state leaders. For example, entrants were told beforehand not to use compression wear under their suits because "it is adverse to the tastes of the Korean people", although he says that the dress code was not strictly enforced.
He says they were much more active and enthusiastic than he expected, in particular the women and children inside the stadium and along the marathon route. It is the first project in the northern part of the CEDZ, and the major part of the national-level Sino-French Ecological Park. The two teams held regular weekly meetings to discuss any difficulties and devise solutions. The movement continued for seven years until the start of the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression (1937-45). Formerly a landscape design consultant for the Shanghai Expo, he decided to leave the industry after receiving cancer treatment in 2010, which spurred him to rethink his life and career. After recovering from an operation to treat his cancer, he returned to the countryside to lead a healthier lifestyle. There, he discovered that because the area's water source was designated as a protected zone by the authorities, all conventional livestock and farming practices in the vicinity were outlawed to minimize pollution. In 2012, he decided to use his money to lease an abandoned farm from the local government for 20 years. He knew almost all the traditional industries in Moganshan, including harvesting bamboo as a raw construction material, were not going to develop anymore.
This is because he believes it is imperative that, regardless of how beautiful new architecture is, traditions have to be kept alive.
After all, the Chinese government has in recent times emphasized the need to fully utilize empty houses and vacant land to develop traditional handicrafts, agriculture and tourism. One of the goals is to draw more visitors from the cities to learn about the local culture and way of life. The peninsula also incorporates Zhuchadao, a small island known for its fertile fishing ground that is 8.5 km off the coast, and Tangdao Bay, which is often compared to the "West Lake of the Sea" for its tranquility. The event is expected to integrate kite culture, tourism, investment promotion and international communications. It is hoping to attract more than 800 technology companies and 20,000 high-end workers to generate 40 billion yuan in revenue. The R&D center will focus on smart home appliances, ultralow temperature cooling technologies, cold chain logistics and vending machines.
It has thus far attracted 26 academicians from the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering. The month-long event will help further enhance the region's reputation for grapes, which are a local specialty. Once the owner of a stone-processing plant, he was forced to consider a new direction when the plant was shut down. The town's more than 70 hotels and restaurants welcome more than 600,000 visitors annually and they come to taste the grapes and wine on offer.
The bridge has cut transportation time from 45 days to 15 days compared with the sea route. They also learnt the arts of Chinese calligraphy, dumpling making, paper cutting, and discovered the culture of Chinese family trees.
Upset by the incident, she wrote to the Shibei district government of Qingdao, suggesting that they introduce a "Neighbor Day" to encourage greater community spirit.
With the theme of "neighbors as family", selected role models and citizen representatives from across the city gathered to share their homemade food and discuss the family stories behind those delicacies.
For example, I was provided with a detailed introduction to the G20 and its background," said Wang.
Cascading fears about a hard economic landing for China had receded, replaced with improved growth momentum.
This is a nuanced shift from 50 days ago, when he pledged a "prudent" monetary policy with "a bias toward easing".
In fact, the International Monetary Fund and several global banks have raised their outlook for China's GDP growth rate this year, after the first quarter. Nomura noticed that the incremental credit-output ratio -or how much new credit is needed to generate one unit of real GDP growth - jumped to a record-high of five in the first quarter because of the diminishing effect of credit. In particular, the acceleration in credit growth in recent quarters suggested that the debt in the economy, especially corporate debt, will continue to move up," said Zhu Haibin, J.P.
He warned corporate lending as a ratio to GDP had become too high and the country must develop more robust capital markets to mitigate that risk. However, Zhou noted that compared with countries without high saving rates, the ratio is not that high. Having traffic police who can speak fluent English helps maintain order and ensure the safety of tourists, according to officials. They have made a specialized implementation plan, which assigns forms of English language training based on the officer's age and learning stage. The new division, which was established earlier this year, has brought all e-mobility related ZF technologies, which were distributed across multiple organizational units in previous years, into one division with over 5,000 employees. One of these mega trends is, of course, efficiency," said Joerg Grotendorst, who is the head of the e-mobility division of ZF. Additionally, there will be an E-Mobility System House, which will incorporate various e-mobility projects from the entire company.
However, the perception of ZF is that most of their projects have historically been linked to transmissions. But if you want to put these together, we are the only company in the world who have everything under one roof," he said. The policy requiring public parking lots to have charging facilities in at least 10 percent of the parking spaces by 2020 is something where the development of e-mobility in China is in a much better position than in Germany," Grotendorst said. The anticipated adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization margin will be over 10 percent. TRW was integrated into ZF as the newly established Active and Passive Safety Technology Division.
With our new structure we are perfectly placed to become a truly global integrated systems supplier," said Sommer.
A job in Hadawan equates to a decent and enviable life in the city," Zhao said of the old days with his fellow workers. The large amount of unemployed workers, out-of-date industrial and life infrastructures and the deteriorating environment in Hadawan made it a quasi-shantytown in the north of the city.
Hadawan's closeness to the river and mountains makes it an ideal option to develop into a new urban area, suitable for emerging industries and housing. All existing factories were relocated in the Jinzhu industrial zone, 30 kilometers from Hadawan, making way for environmentally friendly emerging industries. With better infrastructure and ample space, the company imported advanced equipment to produce paper and minimize its environmental influence.
The new road has become a commercial zone, and the riverside has more space, which now forms a public park, giving Hadawan a picturesque view of the second-largest river in Northeast China. Not far from these residential communities are schools, hospitals, a city complex, an industrial heritage park that was built in the workshops of a cement factory, and office buildings. By the end of March, it had processed 2.24 million tons of crude oil, and 190,000 tons of ethylene. However, in the first three months of this year, the branch's profit from its refining and chemical businesses was 770 million yuan.
Its research and development team for ABS made key breakthroughs in production technology after more than 1,300 experiments last year. Because of those findings, the company can produce aviation kerosene with higher added value. He said the company will focus on the research and development of new technologies and products, and the upgrading of production facilities. About 7 million pairs of cotton socks are transported to every corner of the world from the park each day. His company is committed to producing customized socks, such as red socks folded in rose patterns to be used in traditional Chinese wedding ceremonies, and socks packaged as Christmas and birthday gifts. The researchers often go to the United States and Japan to keep abreast with the latest market developments to understand the new trends. The whole process includes purchasing cotton, spinning, dyeing, weaving, packaging and transportation.
More than 1,000 of these expats have shown their support or have directly participated in the "Talk about Jilin" activities. Jiang was speaking at the first International Principal Forum on Environmental Education, which was held in Beijing on Saturday. The report was presented to the city's environmental protection bureau, transport commission and political advisory body. Wang Jun, an official at the commission, said environmental education focuses on the relationship between people and the environment and aims to help solve environmental problems and realize sustainable development.
It will also encourage and support schools to better use the resources of Beijing's universities and scientific institutions so that teachers can attend related training sessions and meetings. According to Jiang, UNEP needs to learn from schools about how best to approach environmental education and she hopes schools and parents will continue to support activities held by the organization.
We can repair the environment with advanced technologies, and on the other hand, primitive nature should be protected against damage. And that is exactly why climate action is listed as a sustainable development goal by the United Nations," said the 15-year-old. Instead of moving through the ocean, the array would span the radius of a garbage patch, acting as a giant funnel.
Zheng said Boyan's project will not only protect the ocean's animals, but also "protect the last consciousness of environmental protection in out heart". There were also nearly 50 drainage channels extending into Liujiang River and discharging industrial sewage," they said. Huang, who is from the Dong ethnic group, said environmental protection is also crucial to protecting the traditional Dong culture, such as their iconic costumes that are dyed by using a natural plant to extract indigo. The embroidered ball, a symbol of love in the Zhuang ethnic group, is an example of their dyeing methods.
As teenagers, our actions may have a negligible impact, but if they can influence the people around us, that would result in a great change to our world," the group said. The report was developed during a Member State Meeting on SSFFC in October 2014 in Geneva, Switzerland. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has published their yearly list of new and revised draft guidances CDER is planning to publish in 2015. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued five draft documents related to drug compounding and repackaging to help entities in complying with important health provisions.
The EMA has published a revised version of the guideline "Guideline on similar biological medicinal products". The report has been presented in a revised format, following comments from a stakeholder focus group.
Delaying, refusing, denying – FDA inspectors often see themselves confronted with cooperation problems.
Representatives from forensic and customs laboratories, national medicines and food authorities, enforcement groups and the European Commission were invited to shed light on the problem of falsification of medicines. According to the EC this became necessary due to changes in various Annexes of the GMP Guide.
FDA and the EMA (European Medicines Agency) announced the launch of a joint initiative to share information on inspections of bioequivalence studies submitted in support of generic drug approvals.
He attended Miami Dade College in 1996 and studied Commercial Art where he initially wanted to become a Graphic Designer but became consumed with the Miami Graffiti culture of the 90’s. Live Special Performance 8:30pm to 9pm Special Guest Cog Noman The Party starts at 5pm when we Tap the Special Cask! That's my main focus," Bolt told Reuters on Tuesday after helping sponsors Hublot open their biggest U.S. This was a huge stage for him to step up on, especially because Washington acquired him to win in the playoffs. They have lost only two home games total in the postseason dating to the start of last year's run.
He says what he thinks and continues to offend people with his controversial views and language. 18th1, but Europea€™s biggest open-air gallery of Paleolithic animals was reported just a month earlier in the CA?a Valley of northeastern Portugal2.
Regardless of how old the CA?aa€™s art turns out to be, it is unique in its richness above ground and astonishing in its illustrations of movement - with animals tossing their heads with the same stop-action dynamism found at Chauvet and only millennia later in photography and Futurist painting.
The Chauvet Cavea€™s prehistoric bestiary was proudly splashed across magazines around the world. Soon, the guard turned into a regular lad, wrote down the chief engineer's name and pointed beyond the ramp-laced moonscape - into the wilderness.
In this walled garden, the conflicting passions of archaeologists had exploded around a campfire, set a president and prime minister against each other, and cowed the emissaries of UNESCO. Lizards skidded into fissures, a rusty blade wedged in a nook beside a sliver of cliff garden spoke of an emigrant who had never returned, but the walls seemed barren.
Over and over again, the scene seemed set, the rock stretched, but its lines were just fractals. I yanked myself up to a platform less than a step wide and a ten-foot long cow - an auroch! By holding the animal's form and movement vividly in mind, the maker had poured himself into its body and experienced a power beyond abstraction, beyond even tool-making, to thrill to the new power of passing through the looking-glass into another being.
A stream, running pure as its springs over crisp cresses between alternating bull rushes and crags, almost made it to the river unaltered, but met it just below the threshold and sank into an estuary. We had arrived at Pandemonium and would try to insinuate ourselves into an audience with the Chief Engineer himself.
Only one was so spotless and redolent of perks, though, with its rolled lawn incongruous in the desert, that we knew right where to head among forking roads. I was hardly surprised when these well-fed pros passed the buck to the only gaunt and partially toothless fellow traveler among them. So they decided to play it safe by dumping me on their pet nemesis, the organizationa€™s own archaeological a€?hirelinga€?, Dr. He could have added to his hoard of exclusive photos and measurements, imposed interpretations, and generally lorded it over his peers - for who could have naysayed him with his treasures locked a hundred meters deep in so many great watery safes?10 And to think that all the dam-builders' pet archaeologist and his accommodating superiors at the Portuguese Institute for Architectural and Archaeological Heritage (IPPAR)11 in Lisbon - to whom Rebanda had reported his discoveries at least twice12 - had had to do to pull off this economically patriotic (not to say mutually beneficial) stunt was keep their mouths shut! After having suffered at the hands of his mentor, Professor Jorge, why had Rebanda put himself at the mercy of two similar academics and representatives of an international body to boot - Mila SimAµes de Abreu and her archaeologist husband, Ludwig Jaffe, who represented the International Federation of Rock Art Organizations (IFRAO)?
At least such nuisances would keep him from getting up to more mischief by turning up new discoveries. But, finally, a secretary answered my summons and let me into a vestibule empty except for a display of postcard-sized photographs of some of the engravings, and a cartoon caricaturing the scandal - which I reckoned had been knowingly posted to co-opt criticism. I couldn't quite make out the man's features through the crack, but it was obvious he was gushing recriminations - and no wonder: the entire archaeological profession had ganged up on the pariah. We all knew I had crossed a threshold, but, after all, I had paid my dues, and in any case, I padded off to the foyer again. Yet they'd prattled to the press that they had found the art a year ago, and then more like two years ago, and now, word had it, a€?onlya€? three years ago25 - when it was always somehow too late to stop the process leading up to construction, which had only started in September a€™94.26 The gall! Instantly, I whipped out paper and scribbled the fastest copy of the main map that my hand could draw. After SimAµes de Abreu and Jaffe had unleashed the scandal by revealing the conspiracy to flood Europea€™s richest assemblage of open-air Paleolithic art, the IPPAR and Portuguese Ministry of Culture had scrambled to get their own expert witness a€“ and, in a further twist, had asked UNESCO to recommend an expert to challenge the power companya€™s growing efforts to prove the art wasna€™t Paleolithic but recent27 a€“ in which case, the EDP seemed to think that the public would drop the subject as being the relatively recent work of peasants drawing their cows. For all their heightened sensitivity to having CA?aa€™s fate evaluated by a foreigner, the Portuguese press viewed Clottes as a referee and expected a verdict. Then, as fate would have it, Clottes was back in the headlines within the week, announcing drastic measures to protect Francea€™s new crown jewel, Chauvet. And as if anyone could even find new art during the two weeks a lake might be emptied (every hundred years) while everything was coated with algae and grime!
Opposition editorialists had a field day with Clottesa€™ apparent hypocrisy and dismissiveness towards Portugal - and demonstrators flooded the streets. Two, because people are often driven to produce their greatest work and worst mistakes by similar drives. Rebanda was even fooling himself on this score, I thought - after all, the Foz CA?a photographs would probably end up belonging to Portugala€™s own ministry or even the EDP. Scientists - like lawyers - ply an adversarial trade, but the chance to put Portugal into the archaeological heavens a€“ and to boost their own reputations with it - had given many researchers more ulterior motives than usual.
Personally, I couldn't see anybody bedding down for the night and traipsing out the next morning with people who had announced that they were going to expose him.
In essence, my heart a€“ if not my mind - had taken his side for the moment; he was the underdog, on the verge of a nervous breakdown, and I was concerned that he might even attempt suicide. If I didn't mind coming back at 9 the next morning, he apologized, the approval should be there. But basically the dam was a streamlined machine without much need for local intervention or maintenance.
My unequivocal certification of their global importance only made him uneasier, as he didn't know whether to feel flattered or upset. We peered into a dovecot, a squat white tower lined inside with empty compartments like a city after a plague. Suddenly, a deeply hammered auroch on the rock stood out boldly as a road sign - alerting us to an entire herd. The geology, erosion, & silica skins protecting engravings all seem similar on both slopes, so I theorize that this positioning is not simply a taphonomic illusion created by the disappearance of engravings on the southern slopes.
I wasn't expecting anything when I ambled down at dawn, but there it was: a big mound under the bank! From what I could tell, even his draftsmen had decided to take the day off 49, once they realized the coast was clear. By God, I thought, if the flooders don't save them, I hope the townspeople storm the valley!
If the guards hadn't been under strict orders not to sell admissions, they'd have made a killing; but then any financial association with the art is anathema to the dammers: the next thing they knew, they'd have a revolt on their hands!
And like the first guard, when he realized that I had somehow gotten authorization despite my evident opposition to the reservoir, he let out his pent-up indignation - for we were insiders.
As we passed the threshold between the deadened depths and virgin current with its billowing water-foliage, we had to skirt and climb over a sheer wall blocking the side-valleya€™s entrance. The intertwined couple, spanning the length of a single real horse, was still necking in Eden after twenty millennia.
Rock Art and the CA?a Valley Archaeological Park: A case study in the preservation of Portugal's prehistoric parietal heritage. Although it is true that one must be extremely circumspect about doing so, such evidence often opens new perspectives that have more in common with the subsistence systems of ancient cultures than does our own, and the two authors showed considerable originality and courage in exploring it. 1994 - most Portuguese archaeologists with access to the CA?a sites now shun him as thoroughly as they do Clottes and Rebanda.
539, for a resolution, written in defense of CA?a, by Bednarik, in a book filled with vitriole against him).
These retractions confirmed that some of ZilhA?oa€™s criticisms of the direct dating attempts were well founded, but dona€™t necessarily reflect on other matters raised in his disputes with Bednarik and Jaffe. In the English sections, Jorge generously credits numerous associates and generations of Portuguese prehistorians by full name, while studiously avoiding any mention of Rebanda except where it is unavoidable, and then only with his last name between brackets. The second was to make casts of panels for a museum a€“ which may have damaged some panels. To ensure the village remained relevant in the modern era, he renovated an abandoned silkworm farm at the foot of the mountain, turning it into a creative arts space featuring traditional handicrafts, such as cotton shoes, as well as a cafe, tea house, bicycle club, bookstore, theater and design studio. Rural reform needs government policy support, but it also needs contributions from individuals," says Zhu, who is also involved in other village reform projects and has set up the Shanghai Urban and Countryside Interactive Development Center. It is home to 13 national post-doctoral science and technology research workstations, as well as 27 mobile workstations, with more than 1,200 employees involved.
Gao invested in grape planting and he now owns an estate, which includes a hotel, and offers grape tasting, sightseeing and wine making activities. There was also a 'knock-on-the-door' activity to help neighbors network with each other and enhance communication among them. Pressure on deflation and capital outflow had eased; commodity prices, which had plunged in the previous six months, staged a rebound.
That statement was widely reported and interpreted as the central bank's readiness to scale up liquidity injection if required.
New loans extended by banks jumped to 4.61 trillion yuan, nearly 1 trillion yuan more than the same period last year. Grotendorst said the company plans to "focus on full electrification of vehicle drive trends". The combined company has a global workforce of around 138,300 at about 230 locations in some 40 countries. During the First Five-Year Plan (1953-57) and the Second Five-Year Plan (1958-62), Hadawan developed into an industrial base of national importance. The four main industries in Hadawan are producing charcoal ink, ferroalloys, cement and paper. Di Hong, director of the factory, said: "The price of our aviation kerosene is 500 yuan more than that of 1 ton of diesel.
According to Qiu, the company's target this year is to process 9.1 million tons of crude oil and 800,000 tons of ethylene. The first China Youth Environmental Forum and a middle school student concert on environmental protection were also held along with the principal forum on Saturday.
The draft documents apply to outsourcing facilities, federal facilities, pharmacies and physicians. The regulation was issued on 25 November 2014 in the Official Journal of the European Union and has entered into force on 15 December 2014.
His detailed linework is a style which he diligently spent years cultivating focusing on natural elements with vibrant colors and fluid compositions. During those prolific years of Graffiti art he learned to develop Lettering styles and Coloring skills. Oshie raised his arms in celebration and looked at referee Dan O'Rourke, as fans littered the ice with hats. While the paintings in the French cave, which became known as the Grotte Chauvet, often have engraved contours, the Portuguese menagerie may also have been painted, but, being outdoors, their pigments have usually weathered away.
As shadows welled from the valley, we turned from the scarps and trundled downwards into the cleavage, till the road turned into a path to the water through a profusion of poppies. Finally, I discerned a flock ambling down through dry brush, then a shirt flashed a white dot, and we converged within hailing distance on opposite banks. Even ideal panels on either side of a fig tree bulging titanically from a small cave were barren. A stand of poplar trees crackled like Chinese New Year with small birds, abundant as leaves.
It was a good thing we had his name, Lima Monteiro, because the Securitas guard on this side meant business.
Our compact car slid in among Mercedes and I stepped into glare, drawing cool stares from fleshy faces. My interlocutor explained that the Chief Engineer was powerless to help me, so he couldn't be bothered to give me an audience.
Of course, the stories went, the honorable witnesses had refused to become accomplices and had immediately denounced the whole plot a€“ writing open letters to the Portuguese President, Vice President and Director of IPPAR - with carbon copies for the press.13 If only his employers had known that Rebanda was so naive!
She announced that it was no use disturbing the doctor, who I could see through a jarred door talking to someone over the phone with peevish vehemence. Finally, I suggested that she didn't need to keep me company while I waited for the good doctor to get off the phone.
That's strange, I thought as I wandered off again, mulling over a mental photograph of the site distribution. And here were others, even closer to the construction site, at "RA?go de Vide", which had been submerged by the same old dam! Still, she caught me; whereupon I went on elaborating it, asking questions, and then padded back to the foyer again to continue my vigil.
After all, the archaeologists and reporters had allowed the Tagus petrogylphs to be drowned with hardly a whimper. Not only did the contrast with his actions in Portugal now smack of a double standard, but there was a piquant irony. With stakes this high, both parties unleashed their opinion-making machines, making hash of Clottesa€™ carefully weighed words as quickly as theya€™d vilified Rebanda. Clottesa€™ words may have been earnest, but with stakes this high and politicized they were about as reasonable as Pontius Pilatea€™s attempts to keep the peace.
I prefer to think the latter, and that his only mistake was thinking that people on both sides were lucid and reflective enough to interpret his verdict correctly. In Rebanda's place, I'd have calmed down and let the traitors fall to sleep, but then I'd have snuck away - trekking fast through the dark, picking myself up when I fell, but getting out - bloody knees and all - and calling that alarm first! Furthermore, I had no doubt - whatever pacts he'd struck - that he would make up for them if only approached constructively. After we'd faxed it, I was sorry to see him having to still recall and refax, as he nudged the request repeatedly through the unyielding bureaucracy.
Sebastian and I scrambled and tacked among the carious cliffs, till there was nothing left but rock overhanging the water itself. But a huge horse, leaning over the depths, was both more graceful and cryptic, for someone had wedged a rusty horseshoe into a crack between its hooves. No sooner had I chipped the thin device and steadily shoved each curve straight, than the hook slipped smoothly free. Only Rebanda's long-suffering secretary had to keep her post and occupied herself by taking up the relay of calling and faxing.
These red and gray devices were not only customized to match the guards' uniforms, but showed off the latest in high-tech materials and molding. As we wound our way down towards the reservoir among towering red cliffs, he took quiet pride in pointing out the hidden elements of scattered engravings. But then Piscos Brook ran between trees, pastures and cane-groves, with cliffs full of shelters and stone panels at each bend. La Pintura, The Official Newsletter of the American Rock Art Research Association (Member of IFRAO) Volume 21, Number 3, Winter.
In the same book, which Jorge compiled to record the campaign he was spear-heading to save CA?a a€“ a laudatory effort, if there ever was one, that made Jorge synonymous with yet another of Rebandaa€™s finds - Bednarik is repeatedly dismissed as a a€?charlatana€? (pp. Jaffe accused the trio, who had taken over responsibility for the archaeological resources of the valley, of endangering art panels and refusing to allow qualified foreign researchers or even Dr. Whatever the case may be, the problem of rock art conservation is still as far from resolution in Portugal as it is in most other places in the world. From April 22 to 24, it hosted the "China Good Tech-Overseas Talent Innovation and Startup Competition", with 29 high-end candidate projects in healthcare, smart hardware, energy conservation and exploration and marine technology participating. Bloomberg Intelligence Economics' China Monetary Conditions Index rose in March, hitting its highest level since September 2011, thanks to PBOC's strong pro-growth real interest rate stance, outstanding loans and real effective exchange rate. Its main business revenue is expected to reach 60 billion yuan, with a net profit of more than 1.5 billion yuan and 13 billion yuan in tax paid. The region improved the industrial layout, closed down heavy polluted industries and aided local companies in preventing and treating pollution. Not only the new principles of ICH Q8, Q9, Q10 and Q11 constituted a new regulatory environment but also a continuous updating of Chapters of Part I of the EU GMP Guide or Annex 11 (computerised systems). DaveL works with several different mediums including: Acrylic, spray paint, oil enamel, oil pastel, aerosol and mixed media. All that remains, where jagged outcroppings of schist jut from brushy slopes - exposing terminal facets perfect for murals - are hauntingly sinuous outlines of deer, horses, ibexes, and wild cattle called aurochs. The first flurry of press articles had mentioned that many of the engravings were already submerged by the cofferdam holding the river back for the more monstrous wall rising downstream from it. I sent greetings and the shepherd expostulated and gestured animatedly upstream towards towering slabs. For me, all of mankind's later accomplishments, all our later experience of good and evil only become possible after such art.
The irrelevant exchange had sparked sympathy as we both waited - and waited, in similar irrelevance to someone too consumed to give us heed. I would have to go to Lisbon, and no, it wouldn't do any good for him to fax; he didn't have an iota of authority. Despite all the insinuations about Rebanda and IPPAR, they were actually the first to try blocking the philistines with the clout of an institution as important as UNESCO.
About thirty years before, Francea€™s equivalent to the EDP had taken the entire Ardeche Gorge, where the Chauvet Cave had just been found, from its entrance at Sauze to a rainbow-huge, natural arch - Vallon Pont da€™Arc, next to Chauvet - by eminent domain, to build a dam.
These conscientious people know that theya€™re barely tolerated by the forces of Mammon - scraping crumbs from the tables of vast enterprises armed with dynamite and bulldozers - and make compacts all the time with them, telling themselves, for instance, that the alluvial strata that cement plants exploit are always too tumbled to contain intact Acheulian hearths.
If only he'd announced the discovery, co-opted his employers, and splashed masterpieces across magazine covers while the art's existence was still fresh, he might have won honor, fame, a very small fortune (and maybe even kept his job). Within weeks, local academics had begun signing their names to Rebandaa€™s discoveries, tracings, and interpretations while forgetting to cite him.
I'd have been the one to announce the existence of the largest gathering of open-air Paleolithic engravings in Europe to the world. Slate slabs, thoughtfully laid into a wall as steps, led down through a canopy of fig trees into a cavernous wallow between cliffs.
I woke Sebastian in time to see the beast lumber over the bank and glide away, and then it was high time we checked out our other line at the doctor's office. Noon passed as we still waited together like an old couple, talking about the doctor's misery, Australian rock art, translations; whatever. The guards stiffened as Sebastian and I had the gumption to breach a forbidden zone and stride blithely forward.
There were so many warblers piping and whistling, there must have been a dozen species with overlapping territories.
Botha€? - Baptista and Gomes a€“ a€?were closely involved in the rationale to submerge the rock art (to 'protect it from vandals'); in fact, on 8 November Baptista spoke of how sedimentation behind dams should protect rock arta€? - my italics.
After our departure, Bednarik and three other researchers (Alan Watchman from Canada, plus Fred Phillips and Ronald Dorn from the USA), who believed that they had found ways to date rock art directly, studied some of the CA?aa€™s engravings during separate visits. 1995 that was led by Mounir Bouchenaki, the IPPAR formed a scientific committee consisting of Antonio BeltrA?n, Emmanuel Anati and Jean Clottes, who came back for a second round. Another important document to be mentioned in connection with the new Annex 15 is the EMA guidance on process validation. His compositions and use of color attracts and emits movement, allowing for a visual narrative to materialize. And so, forgive me, but in comparison to these ancient windows, cathedrals seem to have anti-climatic and overwrought power. Except for the absence now of bigger species, this was how Solutreans had experienced the world - with whistling, mooing, barking, roaring and trumpeting not just on the Serengeti, but to the frozen north! So much will go unrecorded because of all this fuss.a€? a€“ So, Rebanda is resigned to the inevitability of the flooding, I thought.
If the dam had been built, a dozen known art caves would have been flooded or affected by rising water tables.
So rather than condemn Clottes, perhaps the Portuguese should simply admit his diplomacy opened the debate, even if one might wish that hea€™d been a crusader. From Chauveta€™s pinnacle, its gatekeeper was probably right to dismiss the scratchings, which I too thought could have been the kneading of bears, but the contrast between the levels of encouragement was striking.
Although they granted him the discovery of Hella€™s Canyon (in footnotes), other sites that Rebanda had already noted were soon claimed by competitors as Rebanda was effectively silenced. And Vitor and his wife, Susanaa€? - was it my imagination or did her name stick in his craw?
Their stingy hypocrisy and philistinism revolted me: they wouldn't spend a penny on protecting such discoveries, but they'd drown the world up to its headwaters to keep driving Mercedes.
Goldfinches sparked into the air, a crested hoopoo flashed orange and black, and the shaggy canes were a tumult of avian chatter.
Jaffe was also the IFRAO representative of the SocietA  Cooperativa Archaeologica, Le Orme della€™Uomo, Italy (Bednarik 1994). But not before signing controversial non-disclosure agreements with the EDP, which was hoping that their techniques would yield dates so recent that they could be used to ridicule stylistic daters who had identified the engravings as Paleolithic (Baptista & Fernandes 2007, p. Intermittent splashes smacked echoes off the walls, a frog croaked and some beast keened a cry we had never heard.
When I asked if they could intercede on our behalf, she said one had to apply in person, in Lisbon, and have connections.
In fact, paw prints indicated that we had missed cornering another feral dog or fox in its lair.
Surgically, it was a nightmare: I'd have to pry its head out, keep its neck extended, wedge open its powerful beak and finally thrust the treble barbs down its throat, so as to carefully extract their burr, without snagging them again!
Finally, they agreed that one of them would walk parallel to us, down the fence-line, to let us in the distant gate. At our feet, frogs skipped like pebbles and painted turtles rowed earnestly in tangled water blossoms - all for the taking. Unless you and I and all of us together add our voices to those of the Portuguese citizenry trekking down for a last look, and reclaim what is OURS! The story of the denunciation is from Bednarik (1994) and Simons in the New York Times (1994).
You might already know him from his famous big blue mural in Wynwood that said “Love is a risk. Even the Chauvet Cave, which was unknown, might have been threatened by the changing water table!
Unfortunately, Bednarik, who is one of the worlda€™s most encyclopedically informed, accomplished, and bold prehistorians, walked right into the trap.
Jorgea€™s utter dismissal of Bednarik was clearly motivated by the lattera€™s implicit condemnation of the way that Jorge had appropriated Rebandaa€™s earlier discovery at Mazouco, instigating Rebandaa€™s secrecy that was one component of the CA?a a€?cover-upa€? (Bednarik 1994, p. Later, Bednarik spear-headed another campaign to save a Portuguese rock-art assemblage from inundation a€“ this time behind a dam in the Guadiana Valley - and noted that a€?None of this helps the rock art of the Guadiana, condemned to inundation under billions of tonnes of lake sediment as the reservoir silts up over the next 70 yearsa€? a€“ again, my italics.
Do you think I'm such a fool as to invite the man who deprived me of the credit for my first discovery, to come see my greatest wonders if it wasn't because I needed all the allies I could get; if it wasn't because I even needed the universities to help save them. Ironically, the mandarin in Porto would come out smelling like roses for his campaign while the roles of several well-meaning prehistorians, if I may insist upon the word, were simplified so as to make them better scapegoats. First, because his dating system, which was based on determining the degree of micro-erosion undergone by a rock face, had been developed in Australia, where climate and geological conditions are different from Portugala€™s. This odd statement flies in the face of Bednarika€™s consistent defense of both the CA?aa€™s art and other assemblages, suggesting that it was a ploy to get the EDP to allow them to test their methods.
Even though both men concluded that their observations proved that the art was no older than the Neolithic, Bednarik did not repeat the notion, when announcing his results, that a relatively recent vintage diminished the arta€™s importance or the need to protect it a€“ quite the contrary.



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