This chapter gives an overview of the server and software provisioning and patching features introduced in Enterprise Manager 10gR2. Provisioning and patching features of the Enterprise Manager together make up the Lifecycle Management (Grid Automation) solution area of the Enterprise Manager. The provisioning and patching features of Enterprise Manager automate the deployment of software, applications, and patches. As shown in Figure 13-1, Enterprise Manager covers the entire lifecycle management of software, applications, and servers. Orchestrates not only provisioning of software but completely automates configuration of software and ensures zero-time for patching of mission critical systems by orchestrating rolling patching for complex multi-tier installation like Real Application Clusters (RAC) databases and Application Server clusters.
Allows new resources to be provisioned at short notice based on compliant and tested gold images.
Enterprise Manager's Critical Patch Facility proactively and regularly queries My Oracle Support for critical patches that have been released and notifies the administrators of only those patches applicable to them. Enterprise Manager also provides command-line interface support to all out-of-box provisioning and patching deployment procedures. Automation of repeatable installation and patching operations across the stack leads to substantial cost savings in terms of costs and man-hours. Once the above entities are available in the software library, one of the following features can be used mass deployment.
The workflow of all the tasks that need to be performed for a particular life cycle management activity is encapsulated in a Deployment Procedure. Deployment Procedures can vary from one customer to another or a test installation to a production installation.
For more information about deployment procedures, see the Deployment Procedures Best Practices White Paper and "Using Enterprise Manager For Grid Automation With Deployment Procedures" in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Advanced Configuration Guide available on OTN. The cloning application was used during the earlier versions of Enterprise Manager to clone Oracle software either from reference installation or using gold images in software library. It is recommended that you use deployment procedures for provisioning and patching operations.
For more information about cloning, see Cloning, Provisioning RAC & AS Environments Using Enterprise Manager 10g based Cloning.
Bare metal or Operating System provisioning application provides server lifecycle management to build, manage, and optimize server infrastructure. Automates deployment of consistent, certified Linux operating system images along with larger number of servers. Especially for Oracle software, the application encodes best practices out-of-the-box for patching. For detailed use cases and capabilities of the Bare Metal Provisioning application, refer to the Best Practices for Grid Control based Bare Metal Provisioning White Paper.
Components represent the primary building blocks that may be combined with other components as needed, to specify the complete software configuration or image that is provisioned on target machines. Directives can be imagined as instructions to cook the final image (recipe) using components (ingredients).
Components and Directives are used by Deployment Procedures (both out-of-box and custom procedures) to mass deploy software and applications on to target servers. An image can be viewed as a set of components and may include directives that form the required software configuration, which is deployed on the target machines. Enterprise Manager allows a shared location accessible from the Oracle Management Server (OMS) to serve as a Software Library.
For server provisioning, other basic elements like Network Profiles and Assignments are required. For both software and server provisioning the user needs to perform a one-time activity of setting up a Software Library. Once the environment is ready, the user can use the Enterprise Manager user interface to create components, directives, or images for deploying them onto the target servers. You can use either tested reference installations or installation media to create software components from the Enterprise Manager User Interface.
These reusable entities can then be used by deployment procedures for deployment or mixed and matched to create deployable images for the hardware servers, which are again stored in the software library. Manually applying software patches to maintain the latest and most secure IT environment can become a full-time job. The enriched patching application offers an "end-to-end" patching solution that works seamlessly across a wide range of product patches and customer environments. Using a direct link to My Oracle Support patch repository, the Critical Patch Facility identifies the critical patches that have been released for the Oracle software running in your specific systems, and notifies administrators of only those patches that are applicable to their environment. Deployment procedures are the best practices for orchestration of patching Oracle Software such as Databases including Real Application Clusters, Clusterware, Automated Storage Management, Application Servers, and Operating Systems. For patching Oracle Management Agents, use the patch wizard, which can be accessed by clicking the Patch Agent link under Patching section in the Deployments page. Refer to Using the Software Library section in Oracle Enterprise Manager Advanced Configuration for details on Software Library.
Critical Patch Advisories also provides support for "remedies," in that you can select an advisory and view the calculated remediation paths from the context of that advisory, as well as the affected Oracle homes. Allows you to connect to My Oracle Support through Grid Control, search and download the required patches, and apply. Helps you configure My Oracle Support, patching, proxy connection, and offline patching settings. Note that if you are accessing a proxy server to get to My Oracle Support, you will need to provide proper authentication and credentials. Oracle ships a set of best practices Deployment Procedures to accomplish provisioning and patching related tasks. This feature notifies users by identifying Criticality on the targets across the Target pages. When you override preferred credentials, you can choose to either specify one set of credentials for all Oracle homes, or specify different credentials for each home. Provides a powerful central reporting framework that produces detail and summary reports on patch deployments and non-compliant installations. Refer to Using the Software Library section in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Advanced Configuration for details on Software Library.
From the summary of patch advisories, you can navigate for more information about a particular patch, and get a list of the Oracle homes to which the patch has not been applied. User Notification: This feature notifies users by identifying Criticality on the targets across the Target pages.
Configuration update: After applying the patch, the configuration is updated with the latest and reports can be generated based on the applied patches. The Critical Patch Facility enables administrators to simply download the Critical Patch metadata from My Oracle Support and upload it to the repository.
Click the Deployments tab, then click the link for the number of Patch Advisories in the Critical Patch Advisories for Oracle Homes section. Navigate to Grid Control Home page, then click the link for the number of Patch Advisories in the Critical Patch Advisories for Oracle Homes section. The patching application automates the deployment of Oracle patches for the application server and Management Agents. The "Patch Linux Hosts" tool, a powerful new feature in Grid Control, facilitates the automated management of Linux hosts in an enterprise. Enhanced Linux Patching feature of Enterprise Manager supports the Unbreakable Linux Network (ULN) subscribers through EM.
The Linux RPM Repository Server Setup page in Enterprise Manager allows you to set up a RPM repository server for Linux patching.


Linux Host Patching Groups: You can group a set of Linux hosts together to update all at once. Custom Channel: A custom channel is a channel created by the user to store a set of custom RPM packages. Configuration Channel: A channel that is created by the user to store a set of Linux configuration files. Compliance and automatic updates: The compliance page contains information on the number of hosts in a group that are in compliance, as well as the number of "rogue" packages on a particular host.
Emergency Patching: This feature gives you the option of performing "forced" updates, outside of the established schedule, to immediately respond to critical bugs or security alerts for all configured Linux hosts. Undo Patching: This feature adds flexibility by allowing you to roll back the software to its previous stable version, or even de-install the unstable version completely if that software version was found to be unsuitable or to have a bug or security vulnerability. Patching through Deployment Procedures: You can use deployment procedures to set up RPM repository, patch linux hosts, and perform other custom patching procedures. In addition to proactive patching method mentioned in the section above, Enterprise Manager also supports ad-hoc patching of Linux, Windows and Solaris operating systems using native patching methods. Patching Through Deployment Procedures - This link takes you to the Deployment Procedure Manager page.
Patch Linux Hosts - This link takes you to the Patch Linux Hosts page and helps keep Linux hosts up-to-date with vendor updates. Scripting on this page enhances content navigation, but does not change the content in any way. Barcode VCL Component is a new powerful software development tool developed to help you create, view and print barcodes for your applications as easy as typing the code!
The 1D Barcode VCL components is a set of components designed for generating and printing barcode in your Delphi or C++ Builder applications. Also, The 1D Barcode VCL components can be used together with 2D Barcode VCL Components package to create the EAN.UCC composite barcode symbols. All modern Delphi and C++ Builder are supported, from Delphi 3 to Delphi 10 Seattle, and from C++ Builder 4 to C++ Builder 10 Seattle.
4, All of the Quick Report, Report Builder, Fast Report, Rave Reports, and ACE Reporter are supported.
5, All modern Delphi and C++ Builder are supported, from Delphi 3 to Delphi 10 Seattle, and from C++ Builder 4 to C++Builder 10 Seattle.
8, Ability to create the EAN.UCC composite barcode symbols together with 2D Barcode VCL Components package. 9, The 64-bit platform is supported under Delphi XE2 - 10 Seattle and C++ Builder XE3 - 10 Seattle.
A diagram is worth 1,000 words, and E-XD++ is shipped with more than 500,000 lines of well designed and well tested code! The following deployment diagram is a sample to give an idea of the deployment view of order management system. The application is assumed to be a web based application which is deployed in a clustered environment using server 1, server 2 and server 3. To meet these types of requirements hardware components should be designed efficiently and in a cost effective way. Component diagrams are used to describe the components and deployment diagrams shows how they are deployed in hardware.
So most of the UML diagrams are used to handle logical components but deployment diagrams are made to focus on hardware topology of a system.
They make critical data center operations easy, efficient, and scalable resulting in lower operational risk and cost of ownership.
Enterprise Manager orchestrates the initial reference sandbox deployment and then the mass unattended deployment of gold images created from these reference deployments.
It can also invoke the Patch application in context, and remedy the vulnerable installations.
For example, for database patching, it takes care of shutting down and starting up database instances as required by the patch.
For example, component designers responsible for creating gold images based on corporate standards and the operators all use the same Enterprise Manager console. Note that these features require Oracle Management Agents to be present on the target machines where the software has to be provisioned.
A Deployment Procedure is a hierarchal sequence of provisioning steps, where each step may contain a sequence of other steps. Deployment Procedures take into account and resolve the reality that environments are often different with each having complexities across different tiers with multiple dependencies.
Use the cloning wizard available from the Grid Control Console to perform cloning operations. For more information, see Chapter 2 in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Advanced Configuration Guide. A component can represent operating system software, Oracle software or any third party software and applications. An image contains the complete software stack from operation system to application, in the form of its components and is used for provisioning servers from ground up with the entire stack provisioned on them. Software library serves as the central repository for metadata and binary content for components, images, and directives.
Refer to the Concepts section in the Best Practices for Grid Control based Bare Metal Provisioning White Paper.
For server provisioning additional elements like Boot server, Stage server, and RPM repository have to be configured as required by the provisioning application. The RPM repository is used for creating the out-of-box operating system components that one needs to provision on the bare metal or live servers. With Enterprise Manager's deployment management tools, you can quickly see the patches available for the components in your enterprise, find out which have not been applied and which are critical, then bring those deployments up to the latest patch level with out-of-box best practices. The patching application automates the deployment of patches for the Oracle Database, including Clusterware and Oracle RAC, as well as Oracle Application Server.
Once a patch is identified, Grid Control can orchestrate the download and deploy it on multiple targets automatically. The Deployment procedure-based infrastructure has been leveraged to increase the power and flexibility of Oracle patching for complex multi-tier environments.
The entire exercise can be run in the command line (CLI) mode, thereby making it possible to integrate with the existing scripts. Even when you are not connected to My Oracle Support, you can search, download, and apply patches.
Or use Grid Control to search after you provide your My Oracle Support Web site user name and password. This applies agent-specific patches and also generic patches like CORE or DST patches on the Agent. The list displays comprehensive detail on the Critical Patch applicable on specific products under version and platform.
It performs an assessment of vulnerabilities by examining your enterprise configuration to determine which Oracle homes have not applied one or more of these critical patches. To help ensure a secure and reliable configuration, all relevant and current critical patches should be applied to the appropriate targets in your enterprise. Then you can launch the Grid Control Patch tool to download and deploy the patches to multiple targets. Also, with the notification and reporting one can receive notifications and reports for the Critical Patch advisory and its assessment. The Critical Patch Facility's offline mode makes it easy to keep your environment patched to the latest level.


The application takes care of appropriate shutdown and startup of services and also allows execution of pre and post patching scripts to serve different use cases. You can select the Host to setup the RPM repository server and register the host to the Unbreakable Linux Network (ULN). Each group is associated with one or more package repositories that contain all the certified and appropriate versions of the software packages for the hosts of that group. Configuration channels can be used in the Linux patching application user interface to update configuration files on Linux hosts. You can see metrics and charts to measure compliance for all Linux Host Patching Groups, as well as historical compliance data. Deployment procedures are best practices provided by Oracle for various Provisioning and Patching tasks. These are patches that have been either automatically downloaded from My Oracle Support or manually uploaded to the patch cache.
From this page, you can configure your settings for My Oracle Support and patching, proxy connection, offline patching, and Linux Staging server. 1D Barcode VCL Components by Han-soft Corporation, download from Components & Libraries subcategory. All you have to do is just enter the figures and choose the type you wish, and the process of barcode creation starts! Assignment in any format other than MS Word formatwill not be accepted.Assignment includes lectures from lecture 23-27. These diagrams are used to describe the physical components (hardwares), their distribution and association. Software applications can be stand alone, web based, distributed, mainframe based and many more. Deployment diagrams are used for describing the hardware components where software components are deployed. But these two diagrams are special diagrams used to focus on software components and hardware components. For deployment diagram, consult architectural views of lecture 23 as well as listen video lecture 23. Deployment diagram is one of the views of Krutchen's 4+1 model. The ability to provision and patch the entire software stack that includes the operating system, the middleware, database, third party software, and applications supplemented by comprehensive reporting tools make these features extremely significant entities in the overall System Management space. The smaller lifecycle shown transcribed in the figure automates the ongoing patch lifecycle management of the various deployments.
The Critical Patch Facility also supports an offline mode to serve the case of data centers that are not connected to the Internet. These scripts contain directions on how to interpret and process the contents of a particular component or an image. Images reference the components they logically contain by version (rather than include them directly).
It allows maintaining versions, maturity levels, and states of components, directives, and images. Once configured, the same elements will be used for any software or server-provisioning operation performed using the provisioning application.
You can use the Enterprise Manager User Interface to create Directives and other server provisioning constructs like Storage templates, Hardware templates, and Network templates. Also, Out-of-box procedures are provided for patching Operating Systems - Linux (Oracle Enterprise Linux, RHAT, and SUSE), Solaris, and Windows. The out-of-box Deployment Procedures are Oracle-provided best practices that can be customized for specific needs. Refer to Enterprise Manager Advanced Configuration for details on Using Deployment Procedures. Grid Control provides a list of critical patch advisories and the Oracle homes to which the critical patches should be applied. Administrators will be alerted to security updates—even if the Management Service is not connected to My Oracle Support. Subsequent patching can be done in offline mode as well, using the Software Library infrastructure.
Such flexibility makes mass deployment of interim patches and patchsets feasible even in complex multi-tier environments.
You can create different groups suited to your administrative needs and even associate different package repositories with different priorities for each group. Each group is configured with an update schedule for a recurring job to run to update the hosts with the associated package repositories. Procedures created by Oracle cannot be edited, but can be extended using 'Create Like', so that you can customize the procedure to fit your environment. This effective and powerful components set extends your applications with barcode technology. Business requirements can be described as to support increasing number of users, quick response time etc. Software artifacts are shown with the visual stereotype of a page with a folded corner or with the textual stereotype artifact (or both sometimes, which I also believe is superfluous).  In this case the software artifact is a fictional persistence framework purchased from AmbySoft (the vendor is indicated with a UML property string).
Right from proactively informing the administrators about the critical patches and vulnerabilities in the deployments, acquiring these patches to mass deployment and verification of these patches is automated by the Enterprise Manager. In a typical data center, Deployment Procedures can involve a design time activity (typically performed by a Lead Administrator) and a runtime activity (typically performed by the Operator).
Directives encapsulate the script, the command line used to invoke the script, and the script configuration properties. Images are stored in the Oracle Software Library and versions, states, and maturity levels can be associated with them. Users can enable and disable or add custom steps for specific actions and create the best practice for their environment.
You can independently control when and how often to update the hosts in the group, and how to determine their compliance with respect to the package repositories. Going forward, as the computation demand for the resources decline, Enterprise Manager allows one to deactivate and de-provision the resources making them available for a different purpose. They capture everything required for invoking the script on a machine during a provisioning operation.
This activity is a one-time design activity typically of the lead DBA, which can be the standard and carried over by the operator for the entire environment. Instead of directly connecting with database, the web server willinvoke the services deployed on an application server to fulfill client’s requests. The Deployment Procedure to patch a single instance database differs from the one to patch a RAC environment or an Application Server. Directives are usually categorized based on the provisioning life cycle phases they are targeted for, or the actions they perform. We assume thatboth the web server and application server are deployed on a single mainframe and connectedthrough any Message oriented middleware (MOM) mechanism. Directives are contained within a file stored in the Oracle Software Library and referenced from the software components that employ them. Given the above scenario, you are now required to draw deployment diagram for the abovesystem.



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